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You can choose 2 of these three questions.

You can choose 2 of these three questions..

“For this assignment, I ask that you answer two out of the three following questions. You can pick the two you find easiest. Here they are:1. What is a hedonic calculus? Why are consequences required for a hedonic calculus to function? What is an eschatology? Why do we need an eschatology in order to use a hedonic calculus? How does this necessity undermine utilitarianism?2. For Kant, what are the two determining factors upon the will? What does he say is the condition for the worthiness to be happy? What, then, is the motivation to have reason determine one’s will? How does the desire for the worthiness to be happy affect the interpretation of one’s own intentions?3. What is Levinas’ definition of politics? How is it that utilitarianism and deontology are, in this sense, political? What does it mean to say that politics should instead be based upon morality? Why does Levinas think we are nevertheless forced into doing politics?”* Please Answer Two of these questions. There are inside questions for each question, so please make the answer as a paragraph that includes the answers for the inside questions. * Important book is Totality and Infinity ( Levinas).
You can choose 2 of these three questions.

create powerpont.

I’m working on a powerpoint presentation and need an explanation to help me understand better.

I uploaded different slides will give you hints and bases about our project so it will help you how you can arrange the ideas such as the identity of the company and the vision, mission and also other stuff to present our company and services. Therefore, I’m expecting to get from you a Powerpoint that could be used for presentation when I visit other companies, as well as print it and use it as a our company’s brochure. Kindly use the attached files as references to build your own ideas and your own words. The new design should be with the white and red colors, but in new design of your imagination with copying some ideas of the original design with keeping the same logo. By the way, I increased the amount from 10$ to 15$. you deserve more Miss.Thank you,
create powerpont

“There were three branches, independent of each other, with varied duties and roughly equal. The greater power—overtaxing, spending, deciding whether to go to war, confirming members of the president’s Cabinet and justices of the Supreme Court”(Edwards). After the colonies had gained independence from Great Britain they needed something that would officially unite the thirteen colonies once and for all. They specifically needed a list of rules that each state could agree too. This is where the Articles of Confederation came in. The Articles of Confederation served as a written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States. Under the Articles of Confederation, the government did not have enough power. Issues were starting to arise; for example, states were printing their own cash disregarding national law, states were engaging in outside exchange dealings with foreign powers in infringement of national law, and states were forming their very own military. This emergence of problems led to a meeting known as the Constitutional Convention, which created the Constitution of the United States. This Constitution then created the three branches of government: the Legislative Branch, the Judicial Branch, and the Executive Branch. To prevent one branch from becoming too powerful a system of checks and balances was put in place. While some might think the Executive Branch is the most powerful of the three because the president enforces the laws and holds veto power, in fact the Judicial Branch of government is more powerful than the other two because judges and justices serve no fixed term and this allows them to apply the law with only justice in mind, and no electoral or political concerns. The President of the United States coordinates the Executive Branch of our nation. The President implements the laws that the Legislative Branch makes. The Legislative bit of our organization is called Congress. Congress makes our laws. Congress is secluded into 2 segments. One area is known as the Senate. There are 100 Senators- 2 from all of our states. Another part is known as the House of Representatives. Agents get together to discuss musings and pick if these considerations should advance toward becoming laws. The Judicial bit of our administration joins the Supreme Court and 9 Justices. They are outstanding judges who decipher laws as shown by the Constitution. These judges simply hear cases that identify with issues related to the Constitution. They are the most imperative court in our country. The administration lawful structure moreover has lower courts arranged in each state to hear cases including authoritative issues. The system of checks and balances plays a vital role in the constitution. Without the system of checks and balances, one branch would become too powerful. Each branch “checks” the power of the other branches to make sure that the power is balanced between them. The process of how laws are made is a good example of checks and balances in action. To further elaborate, take this quote: “First, the legislative branch introduces and votes on a bill. The bill then goes to the executive branch, where the President decides whether he thinks the bill is good for the country. If so, he signs the bill, and it becomes a law. If the President does not believe the bill is good for the country, he does not sign it. This is called a veto. But the legislative branch gets another chance. With enough votes, the legislative branch can override the executive branch’s veto, and the bill becomes a law”(Infoplease). Another example that shows why the system of checks and balances prevents one branch from becoming too powerful can be seen when the Supreme Court and other federal courts declare laws or presidential actions unconstitutional, in a process known as judicial review. In turn, the president checks the judiciary through the power of appointment, which can be used to change the direction of the federal courts. Even though the system of checks and balances is in place the Judicial Branch is more powerful than the other two because Supreme Court Justices have no term limit which makes them in a way untouchable. Supreme court justices serve until their death, retirement, or conviction by the Senate. Impeachment and removal from the Supreme court are highly unlikely because of the fact that two supreme court justices Clarence Thomas and Brett Kavanaugh have been accused of sexual harassment. This is one case in which Supreme Court justice was questioned, but not impeached. Another example that shows the Judicial Branch is more powerful is the court’s decisions cannot be appealed to any authority, it is the final judicial arbiter in the United States on matters of federal law. (Include it wasn’t good) The Supreme Court holds almost all of the power with its ability to implement Judicial Review. They system of checks and balances have become more flawed than ever after the executive branch has been reaching for more power. The fact that the Judicial branch is able to have so much weight in what happens is a problem. The ability to determine whether or not laws Grant 4 or government actions go against the Constitution is a pretty powerful decision that ends up shaping public policy. Another measure of the Supreme Court’s power is its ability to overrule itself. In 1954, the Supreme Court ruled in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka that schools segregated by race were unconstitutional. This reversed the 1896 Plessy v. Ferguson decision that upheld the doctrine of “separate but equal.”(US history) Even getting a hearing from the U.S. Supreme Court is an incredibly hard task. The Supreme Court is like the C.E.O of the company while everything under it is like small courts is different departments. The Supreme Court is the only high up system that is appointed not elected. From social equality to abortion to the issue of gay marriage, the high court has decided on key issues well outside the authoritative procedure. The possibility that the judges have last say over the importance of our Constitution — that once they have spoken, regardless of what they state, our lone response is the almost inconceivable undertaking of altering the Constitution or hanging tight for some of them to alter their perspectives or pass on or resign is just an outrageous thought and does not reflect the beliefs of democracy. The courts simply endeavor genuine cases and disputes — a get-together should exhibit that it has been harmed to get suit court. This infers the courts don’t give cautioning assumptions on the defendability of laws or the authenticity of exercises if the choice would have no helpful effect. Cases brought before the legitimate official customarily proceed from zone court to re-evaluating court and may even end at the Supreme Court, in spite of the way that the Supreme Court hears about a couple of cases each year. The court’s authoritative power is coordinated by its political power since each opening on the court is a blessing to the overwhelming ideological groups. Regardless of the exchange over what involves the reasonable proportion of legitimate power, the United States government courts remain the most predominant lawful system in world history. Their ability is improved by life terms for judges and judges, and they accept a critical activity in propelling the central American views of opportunity, uniformity, and equity. So even though there is a system of checks and balances in place the Judicial branch has far more power over the other two. The Judicial branch even though it is “checked” by the other two it still has more power in shaping the lives of everyday Americans. Taken into account what I have previously stated the Judicial Branch is the most powerful and influential Branch in the United States Government. The three branches of government play an essential role in the structure of the constitution. The system of checks and balances has good intentions but it’s execution is not adequate enough. In terms of the Supreme Court, it is of most significance due to its crucial role it plays in terms of establishing laws that Congress proposes. Works Cited “Checks and Balances.” Infoplease, Infoplease, www.infoplease.com/us/government/checks-and-balances. “The Constitution.” The Judicial Learning Center, judiciallearningcenter.org/the-constitution/. Edwards, Mickey, et al. “We No Longer Have Three Branches of Government.” POLITICO Magazine, 27 Feb. 2017, www.politico.com/magazine/story/2017/02/three-branches-government-separation-powers-executive-legislative-judicial-214812. Holmes, Kim. “Has the Supreme Court Become Too Powerful?” The Heritage Foundation, 2016, www.heritage.org/crime-and-justice/commentary/has-the-supreme-court-become-too-powerful.

Macroeconomic policy about population growth Report (Assessment)

Table of Contents Introduction Comparison of population growth and economic growth Factors that led to an increase in population growth Conclusion References Introduction After the World War II, the new institutions such as World Bank and IMF were established so as to foster globalization. This in turn led to reduction of poverty, creation of industries, job creation, increase in economic growth, and improved living standards. This resulted in an increase in population and reduction in infant mortality rate. In 1960’s and 1970’s countries started to embrace globalization which in turn gave rise to international trade (Mishkin, Giavazzi, Srinivasan,

Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Pediatric Primary Care Paper

help me with my homework Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Pediatric Primary Care Paper.

Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Pediatric Primary CareThis assignment is a formal paper. This includes APA format, title page, headings, literature review, proper citation and reference list per APA, logical sequence, conclusions, and clarity. The paper should be 3–5 pages in length excluding the title page and reference page. The paper must demonstrate your understanding of the topics. Content must include independent ideas and conclusions. At a minimum, the following topics must be well articulated in the paper. Remember that discussion of each topic requires citations that are current (less than 5 years old) and relevant. Please refer to the grading rubric for how your paper will be graded.Assignment RequirementsExplain how multidisciplinary collaboration can affect clinical decision-making.Discuss how collaboration can lead to improved patient outcomes.Discuss how a lack of collaboration can lead to poor patient outcomes.Identify three barriers to professional collaboration among healthcare professionals and patients?What are the five best ways to promote professional collaboration in pediatric primary care?How can the nurse practitioner encourage and support collaboration among the patient, family, caregivers, and healthcare professionals?Before finalizing your work, you should:be sure to read the assignment description carefully (as displayed above);consult the Grading Rubric (under the Course Resources) to make sure you have included everything necessary; andutilize spelling and grammar check to minimize errors.
Interdisciplinary Collaboration in Pediatric Primary Care Paper

Texas Wesleyan University Cold War Discussion

Texas Wesleyan University Cold War Discussion.

Discussion 1 – During the Cold War, the US and USSR often used proxy soldiers and States to do their fighting. Many of these fights are referred to as guerilla wars or guerilla warfare. Watch the following video:Communist Guerilla WarsWhy was Cuba so important? What resulted after Fidel Castro took over? Make sure to respond to at least one other student’s posting.Discussion 2 – The Cold War, from about 1945 until 1991, had many events that pitted the US and her allies against Russia (USSR) and her allies, and generally both sides used proxy troops to avoid a “hot” war. Beginning with the Berlin Blockade in 1948, and staying in chronological order of Cold War events (do not skip any), each student will write a long paragaph on one of the specific Cold War events. Make sure that you identify where the event took place, when it took place, why it took place, and the outcome of the event in your writing. Do not repeat information, and do not skip Cold War events in this threaded discussion (e.i., Berlin Blockade, NATO founded, Warsaw Pact founded, etc.).This all topic is already taken – 1.The Cuban Missile Crisis was from the 16th through the 28 of October in 1962. 2. The Suez Crisis began on October 29, 1956 when Israeli armed forces pushed into. 3. In many ways the Warsaw Pact was founded in response to the creation of NATO, although it didn’t occur until six years after the Wester Alliance came into being. 4. The Bay of Pigs invasion took place in April, 1961, due to a failed landing operation on the Southwestern coast of Cuba. 5. The years between the Cuban Revolution in 1959 and the arms control treaties of the 1970s marked. 6. The Hydrogen Bomb. 7. Nationalization of the Suez Canal. 8. NATO. 9.Berlin Blockade.
Texas Wesleyan University Cold War Discussion

Urban Planning Strategies in Cairo

Urban Planning Strategies in Cairo. Cairo is the Egyptian capital, the largest city in Africa. It is located in the Nile Delta, 14 kilometers south of the Nile River. The most area of the city is in the east of the river and it is 120 kilometers east of the Suez Canal. The urban area is about 214 square kilometers. Great Cairo included Helwan, Maadi, Nasser, Aslamm, Ramadan City, October 6 and other satellite towns with a total area of 1200 square kilometers. The population of those satellite towns is about fifth of the country’s total. It is standing for both financial centre and transportation hub. The city is the country’s largest business and financial center. Manufacturing output value is nearly half of the country. Textile industry is the most important sector. Raw cotton material is particularly well-developed but also wool, silk, hemp textile industry. And they are followed by the food, sugar, cigarettes, cement and household appliances. There are also included traditional leather tanning, show-making, as well as gold, silver ornaments and other handicrafts. The satellite town, Helena which is 25 kilometers away from south of the city, focus on heavy industry in order to iron and steel industry. It has developed coking, machinery, automobile, motorcycle, oil and chemical sectors. Cairo gathered the national third of the trading companies and nearly a quarter of the banking, commercial and various service industries flourish. Tourism is an important part of the city economy, as directly or indirectly employed about 40 million. It also stands for an important transport hub. The nation’s major rail ways and roads meet at this intersection, connected Alexandria, Port Said, Ismailia, Suez, Aswan and other major cities. The Nile to the west is the major way connected through Upper and Lower Egypt. Canal Ismailia which has access to Canal Suez is just on the west side of Nile. Eastern suburb of Heliopolis has a modern international airport, the provision of Article 30 domestic and international routes. There are 13 elevated railways, highway overpasses, and three large pedestrian bridges in the city. The bridge in the 6th Oct is more than 10 kilometer. From the foregoing, Cairo is a city is the Egyptian center of economic, transportation and politic. The development clear influences the country. Today, many developing countries are faced with problem of urbanization. As the first ‘open’ country in the Arabian world, Cairo plays a crucial role in urbanization which cannot be ignored. Existing urban planning strategies The general master plan which established in 70’s in to create a ‘super agglomeration’ or poly-nuclear City to accommodate large population growth caused by rural-urban migration. In each individual satellite town, it expected to be ‘self sufficient’ which included residential, commercial and entertainment development in order to reduce the need for commuting. Ring road, metro and other transportation system should be built in order to serve expanding settlements. In agriculture aspect, it encourages development to spread to the east and west of the city centre, into desert land, to avoid building on valuable nutrient-rich arable land in the Nile Delta. In Figure ii, it shows the original proposal of expansion gesture at west and east direction. Unfortunately, the master plan has failed. The plan doesn’t have significant effect on the urban development. It’s mostly because of naïve urbanization which didn’t consider some basic social issues well. First, the master plan covered large areas; however, the infrastructural development fell behind. Second, the new satellite town failed to attract population. (Table 1)The target of population cannot be carried out and there are not enough employment opportunities in some of development areas. Feedback from Interview People’s points of view are always considered as the most powerful evidence. Before starting deep research of the project, an interview has been taken by M. Shaker in Cairo. Therefore, the public opinions have been investigated and analyzed. The interview is focusing on their residence history, the location they aspire to live in and their opinions about the downtown area. The population of downtown is shrinking sharply and the reason why people don’t want to live in the downtown area is basically showed in the pie chart. Quality of living and traffic condition seem to be concerned mostly. Also, in the bar chart, it clearly shows that working close to residents is the most important factor for job selection. To sum it up, people intended to move out of the downtown for better housing and living environment. They also want the new settlement to provide job opportunities so that they can work close to their residence. pAs the analysis of interview information, the main problems and contradictions come out in two aspects: one is about the living quality and the housing status with large number of rural population, and another is about traffic problems with the developments of satellite towns. Living Quality The population of Cairo increased sharply from 1970 to 5.9 million, up to 8.7 million to 1980. In 1996, it reaches 14.6 million which is a quarter of this country’s. However, Cairo’s population is still growing at a rate of 0.35 million per year. The population is too large to enormous pressure on Cairo. (CAPMAS 1997) Firstly, there are the food shortages. Cairo consumed half of the total imports of the country; any city in the world cannot be compared in this point. Import food prices keep rising, although the government spends huge sums of money for food subsidies, the result is not pleasing. Secondly, it caused the residents of Cairo declining standard of living. From 1985 to 1989, the general consumer price almost increased double, and it keeps increasing. Third, the large number of people ran into the city cause a serious shortage of rural labor force and unemployment to the citizens. In 1961, the national unemployment rate was 4.7%, Cairo unemployment rate was 7.5%. In 1970, the national unemployment rate was 2%, Cairo was 7.6%. Meanwhile, the young population is another challenge in Cairo, According to statistics, 1988 the population aged 0 to 14 accounted for 40%. The large number of young people will put a huge pressure on Cairo social and economic development in the future. What is the reason for population expansion in Cairo? It has the heavy urban function. The density of its urban functions is highest in Africa. It loads half of the industry in the country and it has to main international and domestic trade activities. In addition, it has education institute such as Al-Azhar University, Cairo University and American University. As the Government’s road construction, housing, water, electricity and other public facilities placed in Cairo, which determines the government’s majority of investments are staying in the area. Therefore, it provided substantial employment opportunities in this area, on the other hand, small towns and rural areas infrastructure construction will be lack of funds. It so that expand the gap between urban and rural areas. The contrast cause rural youth do not want to go home after graduation. In the other hand, basically, there are three types of housing in Cairo: A. Legitimate housing. It was divided into three types: 1. Countries to rent and sell or provide housing for the national staff. 2. Cooperative housing (Cooperative). 3. Private housing. B. Illegal construction. Since 1960, annual housing construction accounted for 70% of urban housing about 60000 units of housing annually, is mainly for citizens with low income. C. Slums. They are mainly used by people with lowest income and new immigrants. The legitimate housing is getting old and loses their attraction to citizens, but the slums are keeping growing and cover most of the urban places. The Government cannot stop the poor to build that as the very low incomes they have. The “Roof room” effect shows a housing shortage in Cairo. Today, in the city, the many buildings left room on the top and those places are nice place for the poor. Therefore, the slum and informal settlements became strong impression of some development site. ‘These dense concentrations of human and economic activity are often located near factories, garbage dumps, or other noxious activities where eviction pressures are relatively low. While slum residents typically plan, finance, and build their own communities, they do not have the financial resources to also construct basic infrastructure like waste disposal and drainage facilities. With little assistance forthcoming from outside the slums, these facilities are often inadequate, resulting in degraded and unhealthy living and poor environmental conditions. Informal housing and slum areas are, in most cases, the source of environment pollution, both above and underground, slum and informal communities in the GCMR are typically found in the developed portions of the GCA.’ (M. EI Araby 2002) The pollution of Cairo is another big issue and makes people get away from it. Today, the motor vehicle emission is major source of the air pollution. Another source is industrial emission. Because some of the high density of heavy industry located near the city, the air pollution is really dangerous to public health especially children. All the people are trying to escape from those industrial regions. All of those show that the environment of living in downtown area is really bad and even getting worse; therefore, new settlements were built for people especially for those can afford a new house and want to have a better living standard. Some of those settlements included working, education and other living infrastructure; it became more and more ‘self sufficient’ and part from the city main part. In the future, as satellite towns increasing, the population will be drag out of the city and disperse to the desert. Transportation issues Traffic and transport situation is a measure of urban functions, while the city has promoted the evolution of modern transportation. In 19th Century, as several trams developed, various modern transports are turning up in Cairo. With the development of the city, vehicle grows rapidly. Until early 1995, an official statistics shows a total of 3.6 million various types of motor vehicles. All the auto motor companies take notice of the huge markets in this country, variation types of cars and new cars exhibitions emerge one after another. However, car congestion has been a threat to pedestrians on the sidewalk. The disorderliness gave a bad impression of this city. ‘When people say that a city, or a part of it, is dangerous or is a jungle what they mean primarily is that they do not feel safe on the sidewalks.’ (Jacobs, J 1961 p. 37) In downtown area, many pedestrian are exposed with motor vehicle on the street. The lack of effective management and the underlying dangerous created an image of chaos. The problem is also charged upon urban distribution. The urban layout is unreasonable in some ways. Some of the government departments located in the central business district, others located in the Nasser City which is one of the satellite cities. Industrial areas occupied the south of Helwan, housing area are around the north. Major education institute, Cairo University, Al-Azhar University and Ain Shams University located in the different sites. As a result, almost half of the citizen in Cairo is far away from their workplace. About 1 million people have to get out of town for work every day. Therefore, public transportation becomes the key issue of the economic development. From 1970 to 1980, passengers are rising about 10% per year, while public transport is almost not increased. However, in 1990, it accommodated 13million passengers. It is not easy to imagine a bus can carry so many passengers and spend more than an hour for about 1mile. Inadequate of public transport is getting worse; however, several solutions have been established by the Government to solve that. In order to relieve the traffic crisis from the 70’s, Cairo, built 13 large-scale motorway bridges and more than 3 thousands pedestrian bridges. The new road system has been built; a large road network connects the city with other towns. New ring road is built surround outside of the city and connected with most of the districts. Especially, the motorway bridge located in the heart of 6th Oct. is up to 10 kilometers. Also, because of the high pressure of public transportation, the need of cheep and fast transport revealed. ‘A study was made about the needed capacity in 1990 for the transportation power, which showed the need of 8,400 Million trips a day for public transportation like buses and 2,770 million trips a day for other transportation systems like taxis and cars. The actual available capacity for public transportation is 4,872 million trips a day which is 3.5 million trips less than the needed capacity.’ The Government reached an agreement with France, in March 1982 1 September 1987. It takes five and a half years, costs 500 million Egyptian Pound to build 43 kilometers Metro. This is the first subway in the Middle East and Africa, which operates daily from 5:30 to 12 midnight, with a passenger capacity of 60000 people per hour. From 1996, they began to build the second line which connects from Shobra El Kheima to El Mounib and it finished construction in 2005. But as the need of the large capacity keep growing; Egyptian Railway Authority has already proposed another two lines: Line 3, Mohandiseen to Cairo Int’l Airport; Line 4, October to Oasis Highway to Mubarak Police Academy. It is expected to finish by 2020. The subway construction to solve the traffic problems has made a significant contribution. Meanwhile, the Government started to develop the river transport on the Nile to relieve the traffic congestion, particularly, the peak traffic congestion pressure. International Airport is also a crucial factor in the economic development of a capital. Cairo international airport stands for the gateway of the city and the country. It located in the Heliopolis district, which is about 10miles away from the city central area. However, the air port will be connected with Metro Cairo in couple of years. It also is the second busiest airport in Africa. ‘Cairo Airport handles about 3,400 daily flights, more than 12,100 weekly flights and about 125,000 yearly flights. The airport has three terminals with the third (Terminal 3) opening in April 2009 which houses Egypt Air and its Star Alliance partners.’ (Wikipedia 2009) Practically speaking, the airport really contributes international communication of Cairo and promotes the development of economic. Future developments ‘Prime Minister Ahmed Nazif has commissioned the Ministry of Housing, a representative in the General Authority for Urban Planning, to prepare a comprehensive plan for the development of all Downtown Cairo.'(The Boursa Exchange 18 Oct. 2009) Therefore, several large downtown development competitions have been hold recently. The Urban Planning Authority planed to create open space to the citizens by this redevelopment. For example, the Cairo Expo City designed by Zaha Hadid and the Sorouh City district designed by Callison. From 2009, the Government is planning to develop the Ramses Square in the central Cairo. “A comprehensive vision of the area will primarily rely on the transformation of downtown’s main streets into pedestrian areas, so that it becomes an area of open-air restaurants and spaces.” Said Mustafa al-Madbouli, president of the Urban Planning Authority “Among the other proposals is to design the area’s principal squares, such as Talaat Harb and Abdel Moneim Riad Squares, in a distinctive way, creating multi-story underground garages, so that most of the traffic remains underground.” Conclusion about Cairo’s urbanization problems Theoretically, the right urban planning strategy is a proof for urban development. It is important to note, Egypt is an agricultural country with a high proportion of the population, a large number of peasants moved to cities, particularly in large cities. As result, the urban intensity of Cairo in different levels is rare in the world. The large expansion, rapid growth of population, housing issue, traffic congestion and environmental problems are coming out under this situation. It shows that the main development strategy today is to build satellite towns which can be self-sufficient and be part from the city. It is good for economic growth in the few years but it might be cause more and more problem in the future. First, many projects which have done or are going to do are not considered with sustainable issues. The architecture which introduced might not fit with the Cairo culture and climate. Many critics are still questioning if those new landmark development project will really attract people as the failure of 70’s master plan. Second, the large expansion will rely on the infrastructure which cost huge amount of money and will take a long time to complete. Before that, how to solve the traffic problem? Lots of people live in new settlement are still working in downtown; they need to travel a long way to work. So this will put more loads on the transportation again. The expansion will make more contrasts between old Cairo and new towns. The poor and people who could not move will leave there. This has lead to a lower standard of living than in other areas and the standard of living in downtown will keep getting worse. However, the development should never leave the old city behind and make escape for upper-mid class people. Cairo’s development process must make efforts to their self-awareness, to overcome the excessive dependence on external weaknesses. The Government should prevent the blind copy and follow other foreign capitals, seek for large development to leave away from the reality. Many issues are undergoing right now and those are really what should be improve and solve in the first place. Bibliography Alexander, C. (1977), A Pattern Language: Towns, Buildings, Construction, Oxford University Press. Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics (CAPMAS) (1987), Population, Housing and Establishment Census 1986, Preliminary Results, CAPMAS Press, Cairo. CAPMAS (1990), The Statistics Annual Book for A.R.E., 1952-1989, CAPMAS Press, Cairo. CAPMAS (1991), Housing Units and Buildings Characteristics,Final Report, Vol. 4, CAPMAS Press, Cairo. CAPMAS (1997), Population, Housing, and Establishment Census 1996, Preliminary Results, CAPMAS Press, Cairo. Jacobs, J. (1961), The Death and Life of Great American Cities, Random House Inc. Internet Sources World Architecture News.com, http://www.worldarchitecturenews.com/index.php?fuseaction=wanappln.projectviewUrban Planning Strategies in Cairo