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Writer’s Choice

Writer’s Choice. Paper details Part I – Remember, Understand. I have given you a lot of resources that you need to delve into the literature and we need to do something with that information to retain it. There are a lot of ways we can approach this, but I want to do something that has immediate value. So, please write four multiple choice questions for any combination of the sources. (I say any combination because I know that some sources will be more interesting to you than others. However, remember that you are required to view all of the sources. Show me that you are.) Here’s an example: The earliest tablets that contain fragments from the Epic of Gilgamesh date back to approximatly what year? *A. 2000 BCE B. 3000 BCE C. 500 BC D. The same time Moses was alive HINT 1: This should be a way for you to record main ideas that stood out to you. Writing the multiple choice options helps you to be specific in the ideas that you put together. To answer this question I have to think about the timeline as a whole. (When do scholars think Moses was alive? Do I remember how much earlier these fragments are than the records of the Bible? Have I really understood the timeline as a whole? Hint 2: I (and I hope most of you are with me) don’t think silly specific details are going to help my overall understanding of these concepts. What’s the bigger picture? What key points do I need to remember to tell the story of this culture and this time? What specific details DO stick out to me because they help me understand this culture and this time? Part II: Analyze and Evaluate This part is about moving our thinking to the next stages of thinking. Now write 3 multiple choice question and answers that specifically ask you to analyze or evaluate a part of the literature or the concepts from the unit. Example One: How did the Ancient Mesopotamians view their gods? A. As almighty beings who only supervised the world B. As beings who interacted with humans in order to “parent” or help humanity. *C. As individuals with their own personalities, faults, and strengths Example Two: How did the ancient Mesopotamian’s belief that the gods were all individuals with their own personalities, faults, and strengths affect the themes of the Epic of Gilgamesh? A. This view allowed for more drama because the gods could be in conflict with themselves and humanity. (While this may be true, it does not really address the question.) *B. This view showed that a hero does not have to be perfect because even the gods have faults, but that those who are heroes try to use their strengths to compensate for weaknesses or grow in order to benefit those around them. HINT: These types of questions are not just what happened in the text. They help us think about why the text is the way it is. HINT TWO: These types of questions might ask about specific moments, or quotes, and ask how they relate to the piece as a whole. Part III – Apply and Create The unit points out some connections or ways the ancient Gita has influenced people, movements, the arts etc. Create at least 150 words interpreting the Gita in terms of your own life philosophy. The specifics of this assignment are completely up to you. Be as creative as you are. Some of you may write a poem, the beginning of a short story, a manifesto, an journal focusing on religious or secular belief, a mission statement, etc. This is all you! Writer’s Choice
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Supervision or supervisory relationship is a dynamic relationship allowing two professionals to share their professional and personal expertise and experience while supporting, educating and administrating the inner qualities, capabilities, strengths and weakness for the psychological, professional and social well being of the supervisee. It is a relationship which is based on trust and confidence; understanding and communication skills and openness and honesty. Along with the achievement of the long term goals, a short term and immediate goals are also expected to be accomplished from this relationship. The successful relationship is essential for not only the completion of the goals but is also important for career advancement, psychological support and the social well-being of the supervisee. Supervisor enables to blend supervisee’s personal interest and knowledge to accelerate their learning process and thus is encouraging the supervisee to build professional values, ideology, and ethics and prioritise their long and short term goals. It is the responsibility of the supervisor to support, guide and understand and suggest to the supervisee by pinpointing the strength and weakness, without depriving the supervisee of his independence and personal space. The supervisor must then provide constructive support to the supervisee to diminish their weakness and encourage them to develop their professional and personal strengths keeping their professional and ethical standards. For a success of a relationship both the supervisor and the supervisee need to cooperate in good faith, adopt a sense of responsibility, listen and respect each other and above all have while faith and confidence in each other keeping their conversation etc confidential. As a part of my profession, a supervisor could be a senior dentist who may have to supervise a junior dentist or a dentist supervising a dental hygienist, dental therapist, a dental nurse or a dental receptionist in a clinical set up. All the members of the team need to work cooperatively for the benefit of the dental centre. If a new member comes then the new member needs to be well informed about the procedures, daily routine, customer information, projects etc. The new member must get familiarised with the working scenarios and it is really beneficial for the supervisee if a senior member or more experienced supervisor is there to guide them and also show them the path for career development. What is supervision or supervisory relationship? Supervision is a sustained interpersonal and interactional relationship between two effective professional within the same workplace. It is a process where an experienced and an expertise of a particular subject area supports and guides someone either new to that particular area or in the middle of a transition phase of career development. “Supervision is a disciplined, tutorial process involving transferring principles to practical skills” (Powell

Lone Star College Ethics Department of ABC Company Analysis Case Study

Lone Star College Ethics Department of ABC Company Analysis Case Study.

Use Microsoft Word, 12 point font, times new roman, single spacingUse the format demonstrated in the sample paper called “Excerpts from A papers ..” provided under link. This format incorporates the use of headers that distinguish the different areas of thought within the memo. Where using headers in Assignments 2 through 4, you must include these: a. Fact b. Issue c. Analysis (note- this is where you may want to use additional headers to further organize your thoughts) d. Recommendationshould be between 750 and 1000 words.Most pressing ethical issue – You must describe the issue in 1-2 succinct sentences, and then explain what makes the issue an ethical one. In other words, what makes the issue an ethical one (as opposed to just a regular business decision)? Considering this will help you determine the most pressing ethical issue to be discussed (and provide a context for your arguments).Arguments are well-supported and rational – You should fully define the ethical lens/theory used, discuss it, tell how it will apply in the case, then apply the facts to the lens/theory. Definition and introductory discussion of the theories should be brief (approximately 1⁄4 of your paper).Application of the facts to the theories – This is the most critical part of your paper and should consist of approximately 3⁄4 of your paper. You must consider criticisms to applying the theories. For example, what is a disadvantage to using theory “x”? This is where making an outline can really help to organize your thoughts and ensure you cover all of the topics necessary.You should include a brief conclusion after each lens/theory analysis. This will provide the reader closure on your analysis for each lens.Writing directly and concisely – If you feel that you are well over the suggested number of words, eliminate what is not necessary to argue your points. Most papers can cut out at least 100 words by eliminating unnecessary words/phrases/sentence and still retain all of the arguments required to support your conclusion.Conclusion – This should directly answer the question you asked AND make sense given your analysis. You should not restate any arguments here. This is where you tell us your final conclusion, after considering the different lenses.Requirements: 750- 1000 wordsthis essay will be turn to turnitin so please be care full with plagiarism.Citations MUST BE provided for any information used or relied upon that is not your original idea. There are plagiarism presentations posted on the course website. It is your responsibility to review this to be sure you fully understand what constitutes plagiarism, how to properly paraphrase and cite, and when to use quotations. If this information is not sufficient for you to understand how to provide a proper citation.You may use MLA or APA or any other format as long as (1) you clearly identify that the work is attributable to another source, AND (2) the original source can be easily located.
Lone Star College Ethics Department of ABC Company Analysis Case Study

University of Lagos Development of the AffirmMe App Presentation

assignment helper University of Lagos Development of the AffirmMe App Presentation.

Case Study:- Who, What and How- Who is your audience- What are you going to present to them- How are you going to present the decision to them—- Case Study —-You are a software engineerYou have just developed the next big App that is mind blowing, and will change the way that people interact socially with both personal and change industry standardsPut together the story of what you have developed, gather pre-survey data from your “audience” <– your choice of who this is.Put together data for the post-survey of your audienceIdeas of the story is to explain why you should receive funding for your app to be successful.What am I looking for:- Collection of data in .CSV format- Data of a minimum of 20-30 rows of data- Choose 3 of the graphs that we have learned about at this time.- Create a powerpoint presentation and explain what your audience “investors” thought of your idea before you showed them how it works and how it can change the way we communicate” – Provide an analysis of how the data modified from start to finish, and how the new data will be effective.- Present to the class in the next Module
University of Lagos Development of the AffirmMe App Presentation

Holding and Containing – Winnicott (1960)

Holding and containing. The same or different? The psychoanalytic terms “holding” and “containing” originate, from the writings of two prominent psychoanalysts: ‘Holding’ in the papers of Winnicott (1960); ‘containing’ in the papers of Bion (1962). The current focus in psychoanalysis of emotional nurture and exchange rather than one of hedonic satisfaction, is primarily as result of Winnicott’s writings and observations. Both terms are now part of the core vocabulary of all therapists, and many other helping professions. Winnicott’s philosophy of normal development highlights the holding milieu offered to the child in the initial phase of life. Object relation theory refers to the idea that the self-ego lives relative to other objects, which may be outside or inside the psyche. Internal objects refer to internalized adaptations of external objects, formed from early exchanges with parents. The theory of holding includes both bodily and emotional features and promotes the infant’s ego-incorporation, his aptitude for object relating, and ultimately his ability for object usage. Winnicott describes the holding environment as a developmental stage in which the child and mother are one entity, as yet undifferentiated in the infant’s consciousness. His writings on the subject emphasized empathy, imagination and love between the caregiver and infant. The core purpose of “holding” is to allow the child to be completely unconscious of his requirement for a separate individual: “It is axiomatic in these matters of maternal care of the holding variety that when things go well the infant has no means of knowing what is being properly provided and what is being prevented.” (Winnicott, 1960, p.52) Winnicott (1953) conceptualized the psychic space between the mother and her infant, describing it as neither wholly psychological nor physical: “It is in the space between inner and outer world, which is also the space between people–the transitional space–that intimate relationships and creativity occur.” This he termed the “holding environment”. The holding environment facilitates the child’s transition to autonomy. Failure on the Mother’s part to provide an adequate holding environment results in a “false self disorder”, according to Winnicott. Winnicott’s theory of “false self disorders” is strikingly similar to descriptions of the schizoid personality by Laing in “The Divided Self” (1960), whereby the individual’s personality is characterized by a complete lack of harmony, resulting in a distant attitude, emotional coldness and idiosyncratic autism Winnicott argues one of the primary purposes of the therapist is to provide a “holding environment” for the client, in order that the client may begin to recognize and meet previously neglected ego needs and facilitate the emergence of the true self. Containment is similar and yet fundamentally different to holding. Bion’s theory of containing originates from the idea that the infant projects into its mother feelings that are upsetting, fearsome, painful or in some other fashion, intolerable. The mother in turn feels the emotion herself, and is able not to react to it, but instead to contain it and give the child back the feeling in an adapted and contained form to the infant, so the child can repossess it and reintegrate the emotion as its own. Containment is crucial in a therapeutic context as a way of providing a safe place for the client to look at feelings that otherwise are likely to be experienced as overpowering and bewildering. The importance of this in the healing process cannot be under-estimated. Individuals who have experienced extreme pain, fear, desertion and anger will often find it difficult to think; they may find it particularly difficult to think about their emotions, which can remain completely exempt from consciousness, and hence unavailable for reflection. When such emotions due enter consciousness they do so with such tremendous power that thought becomes unbearable. Hence, behaviour demonstrated by the individual’s children, or conflict with partners, which is perhaps irritating or creates feelings of discomfort, can provoke uncontrollable fury and distress. In relationships with therapists, clients will project at least some of these difficult feelings, particularly the ones least available to consciousness and most unbearable. Hence the therapist will experience in some way, the feelings their client is most unable to feel, verbalise and comtemplate. If a therapist can be aware of such feelings, and find some way of starting to put them into words, then the process of the client reclaiming these feelings, thinking about them and integrating them into their sense of self, begins. In Bion’s view, the infant itself is not contained – the Mother manages the difficult emotion projected into her and returns it in a more manageable state to the child. As a result the infant is likely to develop an overall sense of wellbeing, and containment as a consequence of a wealth of similar experiences of having an uncomfortable emotion contained and returned. Bion focused his writings on the method by which the infant copes with fury and frustration. He argued that through the mother’s ability to contain those projected feelings, the infant is able to grow the capacity to think, to contain its own emotions and to use them as a source of reflection. Thus containment does not involve responding to a client’s expressed needs. It does not involve alleviating their anxiety via the provision of help or comfort. Nor does containment involve the provision of medical aid, money, or advice. Containment involves a discourse which looks to find expression for previously unspeakable feelings and experiences as they are projected into the psychotherapist. Let us consider an example from psychoanalytic practice. A 33-year-old mentally handicapped man attended every day a sheltered workshop where he engaged in menial and demoralizing tasks. He eventually sought treatment from a therapist, who believed that the client had a mental capacity capable of higher-grade work. In the therapy sessions the client would sometimes utter, “ I am 33 years old and is that nothing?” and then a minute later, “ Can’t you give me a picture of who I am?” After consideration, the analyst responded by saying: “The fact that you feel they have been thirty-three years of emptiness, waste and nothingness is so painful that it is better to have people’s picture of you than to face this ghastly nothingness.” The client responded: “Well, if you won’t give me a picture what do I come here for?” This prompted the therapist to stand, place himself next to the client him and say: “It is like this. There in front of us is thirty-three years of waste, nothing and emptiness. It is like sitting in a train and opposite sits a man with a wounded and diseased face and it is so horrific that you have to hold pictures up in front of you because it is more than you can bear. But the reason you come to see me is that perhaps there is just a possibility that if you have me beside you then you can look at it.” Until this point the client had been unable to manage his painful feelings relating to thirty-three years of “waste, nothing and emptiness.” The incident is also reminisant of a mother’s dealing with a distraught child in manner that allows the potential of the distress eventually being held and managed in the infant’s own mind. Here the therapist seeks to demonstrate to the client that these feelings are manageable if they go through the therapist and reflect upon them together. The concepts of holding and containing the client are a strong theme in psychodynamic counseling, following the revolutionary input of Winnicott, Bion, and Klein. Winnicott wrote extensively about the mother holding her baby, which he interpreted into the client–counselor relationship. Bion, however, considered the issue of containment, and looked at how Mothers keep their baby safe from it’s intolerable thoughts. From there, the concept of the therapist as a container of the client’s most unbearable thoughts became popular. Containment and holding are inextricably linked as in order to contain difficult emotions and then return them to the client in a manageable fashion, the feelings must be “held” by the therapist – s/he holds the pain, anguish, confusion and demonstrates to the client that these feelings are in fact tolerable after all. Containment may be described as the ability of an individual to “stay with” the suffering of another being, whilst psychologically and emotionally holding the anguish in a way that allows the emotion to be survived by the bearer. Casement (1985) described the key dynamics of containment and uses the terms containment and holding interchangeably: “… a form of holding, such as a mother gives to her distressed child. There are various ways in which one adult can offer to another this holding (or containment). And it can be crucial for a patient to be thus held in order to recover, or to discover maybe for the first time, a capacity for managing life and life’s difficulties without continued avoidance or suppression.” (pg. 42) Both containment and holding focus on the emotional development of the infant. The current fashion for cognitive analysis finds little attention here. Bion’s theory emphasises the emotional aspect containment by reference to the mother’s containing of the child’s projections of uncomfortable feelings. She mentally digests them, makes sense of them, and via her understanding, empathetic response she allows the infant to have a meaningful emotional experience and alleviate it’s distress. Winnicott’s idea of holding also focuses on the emotional aspects of this developmental process as he describes the mother’s total attunement to her child is based upon her empathy with the child; this encompasses the holding purpose and allows the infant’s ego to integrate and his instincts to be fulfilled (Winnicott, 1960). Both terms, containment and holding, place similar emphasis on the experience of bereavement, separation, abandonment as the primary stimulator of learning and cognitive growth. Winnicott ( 1958) does note, not simply the disillusionment and pain side of the equation, but that there needs to be a balance between the two in order for healthy development to occur. Similarly, Klein (1937) placed some emphasis on balance as opposed to just the negative experience. She repeatedly wrote that the introjection of the good breast was a fundamental for future development. Generally however, both theorists consider the experience of uncomfortable emotions to be all-powerful and the need to manage them basic and crucial. Similarly, Bion stresses the effects of harmful experiences in Learning from Experience (1962). ‘The link between intolerance of frustration and the development of thought is central to an understanding of thought and its disturbance’ — what matters is the choice the personality made between procedures designed to evade frustration and those designed to modify it.’ (pg 102) Bion (1962) also outlined described a function of the mind which that allows thoughts to be thought about – alpha function. He argued that thoughts come before thinking, and suggests that: ‘thinking is something forced on an apparatus, not suited for the purpose, by the demands of reality, and is contemporary with, as Freud said, the reality principle…. The apparatus has to undergo adaptation to the new tasks involved in meeting the demands of reality by developing a capacity for thought.’ (pg. 57) Bion (1962) did not consider the idea that the alpha function might also work on the basis of contentment, happiness, and other experiences positive, enjoyable experiences. Equally, he did not suggest that the mother’s containment of emotions might also work upon on experiences of pleasure. Winnicott, however, makes reference to the mother holding the baby through episode of exhilaration. But neither writer seemed to consider the mother’s ability to offer inspiring or enjoyable experiences as a facilitator to intellectual and emotional growth. Melanie Klein held with Freud’s hedonic philosophy, viewing the infant’s incessant explorations as aimed at seeking pleasure. Klein argued the infant’s psychic drama was acted out inside its own subjective space, with figures that were the demonic projections of its own undeveloped sense of reality. According to Klein, the definite environment and its people were of no interest to the infant. Here marks a crucial distinction between holding and containing; in Winnicott’s holding theory, although the child is unaware of its interdependence, the child is wholly dependent on Mother for holding of difficult emotions. The infant does not project difficult emotions into its own subjective space; instead in holding theory, the psychic space is shared by the Mother and infant, as a one unit. Winnicott absorbed much from Klein, and in many ways their theories are similar. Crucially, however, Winnicott (1975) argued that the infant searches for complex forms of relationship and reciprocity, and not simply its own pleasure, as believed by Klein. Winnicott held that the infant’s development cannot be understood without considering its real environment, the objects, responsive or non-responsiveness the infant experiences, that then either build a “facilitating environment” for emotional growth, or alternatively cause the self to bury itself, its place taken by an inflexible, automatic substitute (the false self). Thus, Winnicott once said, “there is no such thing as a baby” on its own: we are always dealing with a “nursing couple.” Winnicott’s theoretical writings emphasized empathy, imagination, and, in the words of philosopher Nussbaum, who is an advocate of his theories, “the highly particular transactions that constitute love between two imperfect people.” Some of these differences have been reconciled in the work of John Bowlby (1979). His attachment theory attempts integration of the cognitive and affective, the inner and outward appearance of human social relations. Bowlby and other attachment theorists (such as Mary Ainsworth) showed early patterns of attachment tend to be enduring and add to the representational models, or ‘inner world maps’, of the self in relation to the primary caregiver – they become ingrained or internalized. Bowlby argued that the ‘secure base’ provided by the Mother in attachment experiments, mirrors the way the therapist also provides for the patient in his internal explorations. This is similar to Bion’s “containment” and Winnicott’s “holding”, according to Bowlby (1979) and amalgamates the two concepts. In answer to the original question, we must consider what is the purpose of such a distinction? Many well-known psychoanalytic theorists and expert psychotherapists advocate working with clients in a fashion devoid from intellectual arguments and fixed theoretical leanings, in order to promote a greater naturalness, aliveness, and sense of reality in therapeutic sessions (Belger). Debatably, this is really only viable once an initial stage of training and practice has been completed whereby theory has been used and internalized to such a degree that the analyst’s own subjectivity as an analyst has evolved. Hence the importance of understanding the theories of containment and holding are central to a budding psychotherapist. However, the two concepts in practice aim to produce the same effect, one of manageable, controlled emotions that do not overwhelm the client. Holding and containing are not things therapists do to clients. Rather, they constitute a collaborative process of development, which occurs only through the contact and conversation therapists have with their clients. References Belger, A, W. (date unknown) Using Winnicott to explore the beginning psychotherapist’s relationship to theory. Acesssed online 22 February 2006. Bion, W. (1962). Learning From Experience. London: Karnac Books. Bowlby, J. (1979). The making and breaking of affectional bonds. London:. Tavistock Casement, P. (1985) On Learning from the Patient, London: Tavistock Klein, M. (1937). Love, guilt and reparation. In The Writings of Melanie Klein. Vol. 1. London: Hogarth Press / Institute of Psycho-Analysis, 1975, pp. 306–343. Klein, M. (1975). The Writing sof Melanie Klein, Vols I-IV (ed R. Money-Kyrle). London: Hogarth Press and the Institute of Psycho-Analysis. Laing, R.D. (1960) The Divided Self: An Existential Study in Sanity and Madness. Harmondsworth: Penguin. Winnicott, D. (1953). Transitional objects and transitional phenomena, Int. J. Psychoanal., 34:89-97. Winnicott, D.W. (1958). Collected Papers. Through Paediatrics to Psycho-Analysis, London: Tavistock Publications Winnicott, D. (1960). The theory of the parent-child relationship, Int. J. Psychoanal., 41:585-595.

Select one of the below-listed topics to use for your final project. Submit topic choice and a minimum of THREE

Select one of the below-listed topics to use for your final project. Submit topic choice and a minimum of THREE references related to your topic to your instructor for approval. References should be five years or less since publication and be listed in the current APA Style. No Blog sites, WIKI, or another school of nursing references, please.