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write a summary and discuss the construct

write a summary and discuss the construct.

Discussion: What Interests You?Developmental theories and themes typically focus on one or more developmental constructs: cognitive, physical, or social-emotional development. These areas of development—sometimes identified as developmental processes—serve to categorize research and areas of specialization. It is important that you familiarize yourself with these constructs and the theories related to them in order to choose a theory that is appropriate for your professional needs. For example, which theory could help guide curriculum development in a school for musically gifted students? Which theory could help shape intervention for adolescents who abuse alcohol? For this Discussion, you will analyze the constructs of developmental psychology as they relate to a topic of personal interest. To prepare for this Discussion: Review the Learning Resources for this Discussion related to developmental psychology. Search the American Psychological Association (APA) website, the developmental psychology ( website, the Society for Research in Child Development (SRCD) website, or any other website related to developmental psychology and find an article that relates to one or more developmental constructs (i.e., physical, cognitive, or social-emotional) that is of interest to you. Make sure you search for something that is related to your interest in the field of developmental psychology.By Day 4Post a summary of the article and the construct being addressed. Provide an explanation of how this article/topic relates to your interest in developmental psychology. Further explain why you chose this construct over any other construct.
write a summary and discuss the construct

Case Study, Organizational Management.

I’m working on a management case study and need support to help me understand better.

Purpose:The purpose of this project is to examine your understanding of the challenges of managing critical employees who work in demanding jobs. Using a case study, you will be asked to demonstrate how motivation, relationship building, and trust affect organizational effectiveness.Step 1: Carefully read the case study below.Step 2: Comprise a 5 page paper (excluding the title page and reference list page) that includes ALL of the following points:Identify and list the challenges facing Charles Jackson that have major implications for his relationships at McConnell Spice with each of the groups listed below. For each group, explain the nature of the challenge. Research the concepts of trust and ethical behavior and how each play into building effective relationships.Use your research on trust, ethical behavior to develop a clear strategy that Charles can use with each of the groups below to build and maximize postive relationships.His teamThe organization (the Board)McConnell The vendors lHimself Be sure to examine and address all the above stakeholders in the plan; specifically: For each group explain the reasonings behind your strategy and support them with your research, class materials, and case-study facts. Discuss how the strategies you developed for Jackson to best handle the situation will utimatley lead to the best outcome. Use these interior headings in your paper. Challenges facing Charles Jackson/ For Each GroupStrategies for Maximizing Effective Relationships Based on Trust and Ethical Behavior For Each Group. Include in this section your reasoning for slecting these strategies Producing the Best Outcome ( Why do you think these strategies will produce the best outcome for the organization)INSTRUCTIONS ON HOW TO PREPARE THE SUBMISSION:Carefully read the grading rubric for the assignment!Check the instructions to make sure ALL elements of the assignment have been coveredStudents are expected to use a variety as well as multiple course readings and research to support ideas, reasoning, and conclusions.This assignment requires the use of, at minimum, 5 scholarly references/sourcesFollow APA style guidelines to ensure that your final submission includes a Title Page, In-Text Citations, and a Reference List.Paraphrase and do not use direct quotation marks. This means you do not use more than four consecutive words from a source document, put a passage from a source document into your own words, and attribute the passage to the source document. Provide the page or paragraph number. Note that a reference within a reference list cannot exist without an associated in-text citation and vice versa.The analysis should begin with an introductory paragraph that clearly and succinctly explains what you intend to cover in the body of the paper.The analysis should end with a conclusion/summary paragraph that clearly and succinctly explains what you covered in the body of the paper.Third-person writing is required. Third-person means that there are no words such as “I, me, my, we, or us” (first-person writing), nor is there use of “you or your” (second-person writing). If uncertain how to write in the third person, view this link: .Contractions are not used in business writing, so the expectation is that students do NOT use contractions in the assignment.The paper must be double-spaced with 1-inch margins with 12 pt. font.Submit the final project into the appropriate assignment submission folder by the due date.Case StudyCharles Jackson is chief information officer (CIO) at McConnell Spice, a large Maryland Spice company. In an industry that has a large national market presence yet is global in its need for raw materials, McConnell Spice is always looking for ways to increase productivity and speed things up while staying connected to its worldwide sources. Two years into the job, Jackson suggested to company president Ann McConnell that McConnell implement a new global knowledge-sharing application that promises to cut development time and costs in half. Jackson has done extensive research on knowledge-sharing systems and has talked closely with a fellow IT director at the global powerhouse ADM. The ADM director believes the knowledge-sharing systems play an important role in a company’s competitiveness and concurs that Jackson should pursue purchasing one.McConnell presented the idea to the board of directors, and everyone agreed to pursue the project. She has asked Jackson to investigate firms that could assist McConnell’s IT department in developing and implementing a global knowledge-sharing application that would be compatible with McConnell’s existing systems. McConnell explained that she wants to present the information to the board of directors for a decision next month.Jackson and his team, after many long nights, identified three major firms that he believed could handle the work and made an appointment with McConnell to go over the findings. At the appointed time Jackson crossed the lintel of the McConnell’s office door, where he was immediately greeted by Geraldine Fox, an executive assistant to McConnell. Fox took the information from Jackson and promised the president would review it within two days. Disappointed with being unable to submit the findings in person Jackson returned to his team who was anxiously awaiting Mc Connell’s response. Frustrated with the lack of feedback Jackson sent the team home early to put salve on the wound. The next afternoon, McConnell called Jackson to her office and asked why Standard Systems, a small local consulting firm, was not being considered as a potential provider. Jackson was surprised—Standard was known primarily for helping small companies computerize their accounting systems. Jackson was not aware that they had done any work related to knowledge-sharing applications, particularly on a global basis. Upon further investigation into the company, Jackson learned that Standard was owned by an uncle of McConnell’s son-in-law. Fortunately, he also learned that the firm had some limited experience in more complex applications. At their most recent meeting, McConnell insisted that Standard be included for possible consideration by the board.During the next two weeks, representatives from each company met with Jackson, his two top executives, and the IT staff to explain their services and give demonstrations. Jackson had suggested that the board of directors attend these presentations, but McConnell said they would not have the time and he, Jackson, would need to evaluate everything and make a recommendation to the board. At the end of these meetings, Jackson prepared a final report evaluating the pros and cons of going with each firm and making his first- and second-choice recommendations. Standard was dead last on his list. Although the firm had some excellent people and a good reputation, it was simply not capable of handling such a large and complex project.McConnell informed Jackson that the Board would meet in one week and he was to present his findings and decision to the Board for approval. McConnell said, “I know you agree with me and are for Standard but we have to pretend that these other companies are in contention.” McConnell winks and walks away leaving Jackson devastated and appalled at the idea that the least effective company could get the job.
Case Study, Organizational Management

BUS 475 UOP Wk 1 Balanced Score Card and Strategic Objectives Worksheet

BUS 475 UOP Wk 1 Balanced Score Card and Strategic Objectives Worksheet.

Now that you’ve identified the organization’s SWOT, you need to determine the project and its objectives and metrics. This project should be based on an unmet opportunity for the organization, or to minimize a potential threat. What does the organization need to do to advance its goals and/or expand its competitive advantage? How will you measure their progress?Use the Balanced Scorecard Template to:Create at least 3 measurable project objectives for each quadrant of the scorecard based on your analysis.Determine targets, timelines, and metrics for each objective.Explain the following in 350-525 words on the Balanced Score Card Template:Why these objectives are appropriate for the project.Why these metrics and timelines are appropriate for your strategic plan.Note: Review the Strategic Management-8 Most Popular Cases in Connect. Access the case studies from the folder on the main course page in Blackboard.Compose a paper in APA format containing the balanced scorecard and your analysis.Submit your paper.
BUS 475 UOP Wk 1 Balanced Score Card and Strategic Objectives Worksheet

Using examples from your own experience or from music-related media, explain where these texts locate listeners’ or musicians’ agency—and/or where they deny such agency.

online homework help Using examples from your own experience or from music-related media, explain where these texts locate listeners’ or musicians’ agency—and/or where they deny such agency.. I’m stuck on a Communications question and need an explanation.

TEXTBOOK: Rojek, C.(2011). Pop Music, Pop Culture. Cambridge: Polity.
(650-1000 words)
In Media/Society: Technology, Industries, Content, and Users, David R. Croteau and William Hoynes (2019, p. 13) define agency as follows, adding an example from education:
Agency is intentional and undetermined human action. Human agency reproduces—or sometimes changes—social structure. . . . With education, students have some leeway in what they study, how much time and energy they spend on schoolwork, and whether or not they even continue their studies. But, overall, their actions typically reinforce an existing model of education that has evolved only modestly in the last century. . . . [W]hile structure constrains agency, it is human agency that either alters or maintains social structures.
Rojek, on page 76 of Pop Music, Pop Culture, writes:
Whereas structuralism foregrounds the desiderata that are alleged to condition or determine individual and group action, the agency perspective launches from the position of the knowledge, motivation and action of social actors to transform history and socio-economic contexts. It takes for granted that the central defect of the structuralist approach is to deny creativity, variation and cultural difference. . . . Against this, agency approaches emphasize the creativity and aesthetic contribution of artists and audiences and their attempt to make meaning and act upon society and history. The caveat here is that subjective choice and practice are conceived not as autonomous, but as entwined in fields of knowledge and power that prioritize specific types of embodiment, recognition and conduct.
Pick one or two texts we have read, up to and including Week Five, the week of this assignment’s deadline. These texts may also be e.g. individual perspectives (Plato/Aristotle, relationism, etc.) discussed by Rojek in our textbook. Using examples from your own experience or from music-related media, explain where these texts locate listeners’ or musicians’ agency—and/or where they deny such agency. What, according to these texts/writers, is people’s agency in their everyday listening or in their musical performances? Where do these authors find “intentional and undetermined human action” or “the creativity and aesthetic contribution of artists and audiences and their attempt to make meaning and act upon society and history”? Do these texts/writers allow for agency at all?
Further notes/recommendations (also remember to revisit the syllabus for further information):

Be sure to use the space you have efficiently. Choosing just one text may be enough if you have strong arguments in your discussion of its up- and downsides. Two texts/writers may work well for a comparison.
While, of course, short summaries of selected texts’/writers’ main arguments should be included in your text, be sure to focus on the application of their ideas to your examples, and focus on your critical evaluation of these ideas. To quote the syllabus: “How do the readings help us to understand the relationship between popular music and everyday life? Do these readings speak to your personal experience as a consumer or producer of music? Are there alternative ways of thinking about what the readings discuss? If so, what are they?”
Be sure to isolate the key arguments of the texts you focus on. Don’t feel like you have to explain a text’s/writer’s minor lines of thought. Instead, take a reading’s key point and engage with it through evidence as well as comparison.

TEXTBOOK: Rojek, C.(2011). Pop Music, Pop Culture. Cambridge: Polity.
Using examples from your own experience or from music-related media, explain where these texts locate listeners’ or musicians’ agency—and/or where they deny such agency.

Audit On International Business Opportunities In Cuba

Cuba, with its beaches, colonial architecture, favorable climate and a rich cultural history is located at a point Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic Ocean and the Caribbean Sea. It was discovered by Christopher Columbus in the 15th century and was under the Spanish control until the late 19th century and became independent in 1902. Cuba has been continuously in the media’ attention, be it for the strained relationship with the United States, the Guantanamo Bay detention center holding prisoners of war or the Fidel Castro’s regime. Cuba is one of the major players in sugar and nickel based industries and there would be very less people who are ignorant of the Cuban Cigars! The word CUBA by itself means “the land of fertile soil”. The official language is Spanish while the main religion is Christianity. POLITICAL BACKGROUND: Cuba is a totalitarian Communist state and Raul Castro is the head of the state. The principal organ of the state security and control is the Ministry of Interiors. This regime with its bureaucracy and state security control most aspects of the Cuban life. The US has imposed various bans on the Cuban government due to its political policies, which Cuba endured for almost 40 years time. The United Nations keeps trying to soften the embargoed relationships. Castro led his rebel army in 1959 proving to topple the US-led dictator Batista. The Castro brothers along with Che Guevera, an argentine revolutionary led the infamous Cuban Revolution and succeeded to power in 1959. In 1976, Cuba published the socialist constitution, which proclaimed the adhesion of the country to the Marxist-Leninist ideology and international proletarian’s power movement. Cuban Communist party is the fundamental source of political power and not ironically it is the only recognized political party in Cuba though there have been other political parties that have legally existed from 1992 but without the right to gather or publicize or field any candidates in the election. There was no legislative branch from 1959 to 1992. Fidel Castro was the first Prime Minister or the President of the Council of Ministers. Fidel Castro wielded the power for almost 5 decades before Raul bore his yoke, in 2008. The government has been struggling for long to stabilize the country, which has been deeply infested with illegal-black market, curtained private ownership, lack of basic human rights and absolutely very little democracy and not to mention the highly strained relationship with Uncle Sam! ECONOMIC STRUCTURE: The Cuban economy has been significantly swaying with lots of ups and downs over the past few decades. The major cause was due to on and off trade embargo imposed by the US. Cuba follows a similar economy pattern of the Soviet Union just as North Korea does. In the period after the revolution, U.S. citizens owned approximately two-thirds of the businesses in Cuba, and almost the entire trading was done with the US. When Castro regime took over the government after the revolution it confiscated the private holdings. Towards the middle of 1962, US imposed the trade embargo and snapped all its trade ties with Cuba. The embargo prevails and is not lifted till date. It is a good sign for Cuban economy that the Obama administration has softened some of the bans. It doesn’t mean Cuba is totally dependent on the trade with US, but can have a better market owing to the geographical proximity. Cuba turned to the Soviet Union for business after the 1962 embargo. Postponing debt payment schedules, creating new credit lines, paying high prices for Cuban exports, and offering military assistance subsidized the Cuban economy. Due to this attitude of the Soviet, Cuban economy did not suffer much until after the lapse of the Soviet Economy in 1989. Consequently, Cuba lost almost 85% of its trade. Cuba was forced to recuperate from its failing economy. The 1990s was a period of economic hardship. There was a 35% decrease in the business in the period between 1990-93, causing the nation to fall into what Castro called “The Special Period in a Time of Peace.” The Cuban economy ran into a bleak period with no ration, transportation, electricity, or even food. Then came, the much-awaited respite to this struggle in the form of the tourism, which was the only booming sector in the 1990s, even though it was highly discouraged when Castro first took reins in 1959. Other major contributors to the Cuban economy are agriculture- sugar, coffee, tobacco (the Cuban cigars) and nickel. The Cuban economy suffers every time the sugar prices go down on the global market as it depends mainly on the export of sugar. Cuba had a huge debt of almost US$10 billion by the end of the millennium. Though Cuba has tried to refinance this, it failed due to the adverse economic conditions in the late 1990s. Many international loans claimed against plans to import the essentials of the people have been denied due to its poor credit record. But the economy showed some signs of recovery, when Cuba received some foreign aids. Cuba was not approved to claim money from either the IMF or the World Bank. The money got from the UN pales in comparison to the borrowings of other Latin American countries. The major changes to economy is by Raul Castro who focused on the decentralization of agriculture, leasing of idle state land, losing the hold in retail sector in order to stabilize the economy and to reduce robbery. CULTURAL BACKGROUND: Cuban culture is a blend of Spanish and African cultures. The richness, diversity and the significance of the Cuban culture is due to the fact that it has passed through historic generations. Cuban culture enjoys a rich heritage in the field of art, music and literature. Music styles of France, Spain and the Americas have a major influence on the Cuban Music. Jazz, Argentinean Tango, Ghanaian high-life, West African afrobeat, Spanish ‘Nuevo flamenco’ are based on Cuban Music. Cuban music is a symphony of all these forms. Cubans’ dancing is also a major cultural advantage – with Ballet and the Salsa having its roots in Cuba. The Cubans are pious with the main sects being Catholics and Santeria. Also, Cuba is a prestigious nation with four of the UNESCO’s World Heritage Sites. BUSINESS CULTURE AND GOVERNMENT ATTITUDE: Business culture in Cuba is widely rated as one of the worst cultures, owing to the hostile business environment and unfriendly attitude of the Castro regime. This along with Unskilled employees without motivation, Shortages in supply, Having to pay very high utility bills, Poor customer services, High degree of theft and pilferage make Cuba one of the bad areas for international business. The London based Economist Intelligent Unit ranks Cuba at 80, amongst 82 countries in terms of top business environments. Moreover, socialist nations like China, which does business with almost 46 other countries, find it hard to do business in Cuba. The US trade embargo restricts the US businessmen from triggering business in Cuba, and even those who are permitted to do so, like the Food exporters, find it highly unfavorable. Only 50 Cuban companies were allowed to participate in free trade until 1987. The lack of potential development in business discourages the companies from participating, as the Cuban government is the only customer. The foreign business is more tolerated than embraced even when the country is suffering a financial black hole. The foreign partnerships fell from 400 in 2000 to 236 last year according to the recent statistics in 2008. The government at present is trying to invite foreign business in terms of oil exploration and mining, large and costly projects and the inclination is more towards China, Venezuela and other fellow communist nations. Cuba’s government is expanding its own restaurants and store network thereby rejecting the small European companies willing to invest in retail. Even if the companies get approval, the control soon transfers to the centralized government and the company holds only a minor control, in spite of a 100% ownership. Staffing at foreign embassies is also through the government-staffing agency and nepotism is very common. Even the staff salary at foreign establishments should be made through the government agencies, leaving the employees with a meager amount while the government pockets the rest in the name of education, health care and welfare programs. The import supplies are delayed and due to Cuba’s credit and foreign exchange shortage there is a long queue. Also, the bureaucracy is slowly forcing some businesses to close down. There is almost a constant need to renew the visas and work permit by foreign workers and the judicial system is not as effective as the stringent policies. On the other hand such tight government regulations and attitude has a bright side too. The Cuban Tourism Ministry has fixed a minimum room rate to the hotels, which ensures that there is no monopoly and squeezing of one operator by a competitor. Also Cuba is the highly literate and low crime-rate country of the Latin America. Above all this there is an external pressure due to the embargo imposed by the US. This has forced even some banks to close down their financing operations in Cuba. Cuba is not having excessive storage with itself that it suffers lack of customers. Despite, Cuba spends more on transportation of exports and imports that raises the cost and feasibility of product access. All the drawbacks mentioned above pose a challenge to Cuba in creating a potential market for international business. (Source: Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy; Sun-Sentinel research, Havana Journal, Feb 2007) Major Exports: Export Facts: 53% of Cuba’s commodity export market is taken up by sugar and honey, which forms 5.7% of the world’s export sales. Nickel forms the second most export of Cuba, almost 23% Fish and tobacco are the other major exports accounting for around 6-7% each. Medicinal and pharmaceutical products are also exported (3%) Export Figures: The countries that buy export commodities from Cuba: Russia 27% Canada 18% Spain 8% Major Imports: Import Facts: Imports include petroleum, food, machinery, chemicals and electrical goods. Import Figures: The countries that Cuba imports from: Spain 17% France 9% Canada 9% Cuba and have a trade protocol agreement that in exchange for Cuba’s sugar, Russia provides petroleum, while Venezuela supplies oil to get professional medical help from Cuba since the late 2000s. 40% of Cuba’s trade is with Americas while 50% is with European countries. Franchising, licensing and management contracts are the other forms of international business, which is yet to be adopted in Cuba. Being a communist nation, the government holds the centralized power. With tight control and slow bureaucracy, these business models are yet to gain popularity. There is only one Mc Donald’s in the whole of Cuba. THEORIES OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE: CUBA’S CURRENT STATUS: There are various theories that explain the current position of international trade in a country. The basic reason of why countries need to trade has been explained by the ABSOLUTE ADVANTAGE theory. Adam Smith in 1776 proposed in this theory that countries should shift their available resources to those industries that can produce efficient and specialized products, which in turn can be used to buy other imports. This type of advantage can be either NATURAL or ACQUIRED. Natural advantage means that the resources are available naturally in the form of climate, skilled labor force. This determines the type of agricultural products produced. The country enjoys an advantage due to naturally available resources. NATURE OF ADVANTAGE in the international trade theory is classified in to the following categories and defined by Daniels, Radebaugh and Sullivan as: Natural advantage by means of climate, soil. Acquired advantage through the processing of one of the basic factors of land, labour. Comparative advantage against another nation’s endowment of assets. Country size as a proxy for the range of natural factors such as climate, soil, minerals and etc, size of population that provides opportunities to process materials and create markets – Country Similarity theory Factor proportions that suggest their optimum utilisation in production. I. NATURAL ADVANTAGE THEORY Sugar, Nickel and Tourism Cuba has a natural advantage in the production of Sugar and its products. The climate and the soil are best suited to sugarcane production from which sugar is obtained. The available labor force is skilled to produce sugarcane, which is why almost 6% of the entire world’s sugar comes from Cuba. Another natural advantage that Cuba boasts of is the production of Nickel and its mattes as Nickel ore is naturally available in the island. This ore is mined and processed and exported. Almost 23% export of Cuba consists of Nickel products. One of the major sources of income to the economy is the tourism sector. Cuba with its beautiful beaches, tropical climate and colonial architecture attracts a lot of tourists, which has invited a number of foreign investors in the tourism industry. Due to its naturally strategic location in the Caribbean, tourism flourishes round the year, so this too can be considered as a natural advantage. A huge contribution is made to the economy from the tourism industry and its growing steadily because of the slight relaxation in government rules in this industry. II.COMPARATIVE ADVANTAGE THEORY: Sugar with petroleum and Medical Services with Oil David Ricardo in 1817 proposed this theory. This theory proposes that a country can gain more by producing a highly efficient product rather than a low efficient product, even though the country enjoys an absolute advantage in both. A country can benefit more if it concentrates its resources on a product that can be produced more efficiently. The following two cases form a classical example to the above theory: Cuba has a trade protocol agreement with Russia to supply sugar in exchange for petroleum. So instead of trying to focus the resources on petroleum, Cuba concentrates the resources on the production of Sugar. Also Cuba has a trade agreement with Venezuela to supply them with Medical help in the form of medicine as well as professional help in exchange for Oil from Venezuela. In exchange for 100,000 barrels per day of petroleum products from Venezuela; services of some 30,000 Cuban medical professionals are provided. Cuba also imports food and machinery in exchange for sugar and nickel. III. COUNTRY SIMILARITY THEORY: Country similarity theory states that countries with similar characteristics will trade among themselves, especially in the industrial and manufactured products. A direct application of this theory can be observed in the trade between Cuba and Russia, Venezuela, China and Vietnam (Refer to the table) especially after 2005. This is attributed to the fact that all of these countries have a communist framework of governance with the government holding most power and control. And all these countries trade with manufactured goods. PORTER’S DIAMOND OF NATIONAL COMPETITIVENESS: Michael Porter proposed a model for a nation’s competitive advantage. There are 4 main attributes to superior competitive advantage of a country that includes advanced factors apart from the natural resources, land, labor and climate of the country. Combined effects of these attributes form the diamond of national advantage. They are: Demand Conditions: A country should produce a product that has a local demand which in turn will eventually create a foreign market. Local sugar industries produce sugar so that it can be exported out of Cuba, which means a national advantage. So is tourism. Cuba attracts a lot of tourists for its serene beauty and rich heritage. Factor Conditions: Highly skilled labor, technology, capital and equipments that support a particular product are factor conditions. Sugarcane is processed into sugar through a series of steps, which is able to meet the global standards, making it remain a national advantage. The beaches, music, dance, architecture and rich cultural heritage are the factors that promote tourism and in turn contribute to national advantage. Related and supporting industries: Those industries that support the existing industry and are directly related to it can also contribute to national advantage. In the case of Cuba, Nickel exports can generate the required revenue for the flourishing of Sugar industry. Also this revenue can help achieve more innovative and effective methods of producing Sugar. The revenue from Sugar and Nickel export can be used to further promote a thriving industry to self-stain the economy, under the veils of the communistic policies. Firm’s Strategy, Structure and Rivalry: The demand for produce, various factors like climate, land, labor along with the various industries that are related to company, enables it to develop a sustainable competitive advantage, which can provide favorable circumstances for firm strategy, structure and rivalry. Rivalry can also lead to innovative methods of production and advancements in technology. Thus all these 4 factors combined together can provide a superior competitive national advantage, in the case of Cuba, Sugar and Tourism being the major players in the national advantage category. RECOMMENDATIONS: As we have analyzed the international business scenario in Cuba in detail, there are some factors, which the country can improve to prove itself in the international arena of business. Some of the recommendations are: Foreign Trade Policy of the State: With respect to the foreign trade policy, the Cubans are conservative in monetary circulations. They are very narrow in spending with other nations and retain a large sum, discouraging foreign investors from investing in Cuba, as expressed earlier. The government has to refine its policy extending fraternity to foreign investments regardless of capitalistic nations or communistic nations. Doing away with delays: There have been lots of complaints from foreign firms with respect to queuing in claiming import supplies as well as shortage of supplies and utilities. Also the state agencies are responsible for importing supplies. To get a competitive advantage in the international business, these delays should be avoided by sharing the import orders with other agencies Prevention of robbery and improved customer service: Cuba suffers a high degree of loot, low productivity and a weak customer service. This can be avoided by imparting the essence of customer focus from the laborers to the top level manages for an improved customer service and also set international standards for the same. Subsidies to transportation and utility costs: The government can encourage international business by providing subsidies in transportation and utility costs, as these are the major costs incurred by the companies. Reformation of Judicial System: Most foreign traders find the judicial system to be incompetent as it is an extended arm of the communist government and this discourages the companies from doing business, as they fear unfair judgment. The judicial system has to be made independent, providing confidence to the companies. Provide subsidies to local companies and encourage innovation so that processes and technology can be improved which will further enhance the Sugar production levels so that more exports can be done. Encourage joint ventures between local and foreign firms, but make sure that sharing of power and control is justified. The local firms might prefer to have an upper hand, but do not lose the foreign investment to a rival by being too parsimonious. Tourism industry in Cuba has been a major contributor to economy, so further investment and innovation in that area can boost international attraction. Private property ownership is not being encouraged unlike the appeasement in recent times than before. so relax such unwanted and control-minded policies. Skilled laborers are an asset, so make sure that those involved in Sugar and Tourism industries are competent enough so that national advantage can be maintained. Trade embargo with the US is a major hindrance; try to reach an amiable solution to the problem. There is no use in being iron fisted when the economy is bleak CONCLUSION: Self-sustained economy cannot rule out International trade with globalization acclamations of the day. This is high time for Cuba to realize the need for its apparent socialistic rule to be a really sociable one with respect to the International scenario. As discussed earlier, Sugar and Tourism are the major promising and resourceful industries of Cuba, which when properly guided and carried out, can prove to be the stepping-stone to a strong economy in the coming decade.

Oklahoma City Community College Bullying in The Workplace Discussion

Oklahoma City Community College Bullying in The Workplace Discussion.

Case StudyBullying in the WorkplaceHazing is the practice of playing unpleasant tricks on someone or forcing someone to do unpleasant things as initiation into a group. Hazing can take place at fraternities, college campuses, the workplace, and even within the National Football League (NFL). Many justify hazing by calling it a long-held tradition. But this excuse will not hold up in a court of law.Richie Incognito was suspended by the Miami Dolphins over allegations of harassment of teammate Jonathan Martin. Incognito allegedly sent offensive texts to Martin and created a hostile work environment. Some people believe that the NFL locker room is a macho, all-male environment where crudeness is acceptable. Any player who shows resistance could be hazed. Veteran players on NFL teams have always had initiation rituals for rookies. Some rituals include forcing rookies to carry the veterans’ football pads and other gear and making the rookies take veterans out for expensive meals. Other rookies have been forced to get their heads shaved or to sing in front of the entire team.Bullying is the process of intimidating somebody weaker or in a more vulnerable situation. It can range from yelling at a person to spreading untrue rumors about him or her. More subtle examples of bullying are excluding coworkers (or teammates) from important meetings or social outings. Individuals participate in bullying to express their superiority. When businesses and sports agencies do not take actions to correct bullying, the unethical behavior continues.According to the Workplace Bullying Institute, behaviors that represent workplace bullying may include verbal abuse, work interference, and offensive conduct or behavior that is harmful to the health of the person(s) being bullied. Victims of workplace bullying can suffer from physical and mental health issues.Concerned EmployersBusinesses are concerned about bullying in the workplace because it can lead to legal consequences for the “bully” and the business. Verbal and physical threats and assaults by employees can result in legal action against the employer. In addition, workplace bullying that leads to a hostile work environment can affect the work performance of the victim and other employees. Employers must stress that they will not tolerate bullying behaviors and that bullies will be punished, and possibly fired.Think CriticallyDoes any form of hazing or bullying take place in your school? What can be done to stop bullying?Do you believe the Incognito/Martin situation is a case of bullying? Why or why not? What can organizations like the NFL do to stop bullying?Do you think businesses should be held legally responsible for a bully’s actions? Why or why not?Why do you think some individuals participate in bullying activities?300 words, 50 points. Cite references.300 words, Cite references.
Oklahoma City Community College Bullying in The Workplace Discussion