Overview: For this last milestone, due in Module Seven, you will submit a draft of the Improve phase of the DMAIC process for your selected final project case study, which should focus on the recommendations you will propose to resolve the conflicts in the organization, while also probing those recommendations for unwanted consequences. Prompt: First, review your previous two milestone submissions as well as your discussion posts. Also, refer to the Define, Measure, and Analyze Supplementary Documents you studied as well as to the details contained in the final case study you selected. Be sure to reference the work you completed in the Module Six small group discussion as well, wherein you identified and analyzed each of Tuckman’s five stages of group development as it pertains to your final project case study. Next, draft a paper that proposes the solutions you believe will resolve the organizational conflict in the case study, leading to an improved future state, as your Improve recommendations. Remember to include specific potential unwanted consequences that may arise from your Improve recommendations. The following critical elements should be addressed: IV. Improve: The goal of this section is to demonstrate that the solutions you propose should resolve the organizational conflict in the case study, leading to an improved future state. What corrective actions could you recommend be implemented to address the root causes of the conflict that you previously determined? What types of quantifiable metrics can you propose to measure progress in implementing the recommended corrective actions? What are three potential areas of resistance to your recommended corrective actions, and what ameliorative suggestions can you offer to reduce such resistance? How effective are the various leadership styles on employee engagement and employee empowerment in the case study? How has your experience with the team-building process from Tuckman’s theory of group formation dynamics informed your Improve recommendations? Further, what are your thoughts on the value of implementing Tuckman’s five areas of group formation dynamics in preventing some of the issues with the dysfunctional team in the case study? What are some effective leadership styles and team-building processes that organizational leadership could use to promote increased employee engagement and foster collaboration? Be sure to reference your text, the DMAIC Supplementary Documents, and any other course resources to support your answers. You may also conduct some independent research for additional sources to include in your references. Instructor feedback on this milestone should be used to inform your final project submission, the executive summary presentation with speaker notes. Guidelines for Submission: Milestone Three should be 2 to 3 pages in length (excluding title and reference pages) with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, one-inch margins, and citations in APA style. Cite your sources within the text of your paper and on the reference page.
the improve phase
Apply critical thinking to make and defend business decisions
Apply critical thinking to make and defend business decisions. I’m working on a Business exercise and need support.
Write a 3-page paper on the following topic:
Provide a statement explaining your own personal code of ethics. Include at least 4 codes in your answer with enough explanation and examples. Refer to concepts learned in class or in the textbook and link them to your justification.
In addition, discuss whether personal code of ethics could clash with organizational ethics. Some people believe, that personal ethics and organization’s ethics are two different and unrelated concepts. Others, believe that personal ethics should be applied to organization’s ethics. Is it possible that our personal beliefs and ethics are applicable to our work? Discuss.
Avoid plagiarism, the work should be in your own words, copying from students or other resources without proper referencing will result in ZERO marks. No exceptions.
Apply critical thinking to make and defend business decisions
Pre-Marriage Counseling Activity
best essay writers Pre-Marriage Counseling Activity.
Objective 2: Apply the discipline of marriage enhancement counseling to your pastoral ministry. “Falling in love with your spouse wasn’t hard. In fact, it was a completely spontaneous experience. You didn’t have to do anything. That’s why it’s called ‘falling’ in love – because it’s happening to you. Sustaining love is not a passive or spontaneous experience. It’ll never just happen to you. You can’t ‘find’ lasting love. You have to “make” it day in and day out. That’s why we have the expression ‘the labor of love’. It takes time, effort, energy, and most importantly, it takes wisdom” (Fertel. 2008). The pastor plays a key role in the lives of those he/she serves in the area of marriage enhancement and counseling. It is imperative that you have a basic understanding of Christian principles related to marriage and the family. You will have many opportunities to provide marriage enhancement through pastoral counseling and your ministry. The following learning activity is designed to provide insight in the area of marriage enhancement counseling. Learning Activity #4: Counseling Exercise Interview two (2) pastors relating to marriage enhancement counseling and the ministry. Take careful notes during the interview, and ensure that the same issues are covered in each one. Based on the results of the interviews, write 4-6 paragraphs as to the insights you gained from the interviews. Also create a chart that compares and contrasts the responses from each interview. Post the paper and chart to your facilitator in the drop box entitled Counseling Exercise. Responses are not expected to be formatted in the APA style unless otherwise noted from your facilitator; however, citations should be presented in APA format. Objective 3: Apply the discipline of grief counseling to your pastoral ministry. “How individuals and families cope with dying, death, grief, loss, and bereavement is as unique as a fingerprint. The response to the death of a family member, relative, or close friend places one in the category of “bereaved.” Those who are bereaved experience grief, a person’s response or reaction to loss, which encompasses physical, psychological, social, and spiritual components. How one copes with other life events and adapts to one’s present and future is also part of the grieving process” (Encyclopedia on Death and Dying, 2008). The pastor has a unique position in relation to grief counseling. The people you serve are looking to you for answers, comfort, and support. People deal with grief in different ways, we live in a culture that is used to having immediate gratification, the grief process does not work that way, and the pastor needs to be prepared and equipped in the area of grief counseling. The following learning activity is designed to provide insight in the area of grief counseling. Learning Activity #5: Grief Counseling Discussion Continuing your research and reading, focus on the topic for grief counseling. Create a resource guide of at least ten references that you found useful for grief recovery skills, counseling techniques, etc. Provide a very short description of what content the reference provides, and ensure that the reference is represented in APA format. Also answer the following questions. What new learning did you discover relating to grief counseling?How will an understanding of grief counseling benefit you as a pastor or in general ministry?How can these new concepts be applied to ministry practice? Post your resource guide and response in the discussion forum entitled Grief Counseling Discussion.
Pre-Marriage Counseling Activity
Tourism – A complex industry made up of number of different businesses
Defining tourism industry is not a sample matter, it is very complex industry made up of number of different businesses. The common thing these businesses share that they provide products and services to tourists. The most accepted definition is provided by the World Tourism Organisation. According to WTO, “tourism comprises the activities of persons travelling to end staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes”. Tourism has become one of the major economic activities in the 21st century. The development in aviation industry has made tourism industry very competitive. As airlines industry expands and the world economy experienced substantial growth in tourism industry. After World War II only wealthy people were able to enjoy travelling and tourism but late 20th century and early 21st century it became affordable to masses. The economic significance of tourism industry is quite evident in 21st century. According to WTTC Press Releases (2010) “World Tourism Industry contributes over 10% of the world GDP and growing every year. This industry can benefit an economy in number of ways e.g. by providing employment, increase in government taxes and creates more diversified economy. Four industries are dominated in 21st century, financial, telecommunications, Information technology and tourism. The desire of travel is a human need and people keep travelling for number of reasons. The travelling activities will never stop therefore tourism activities will increase in the future more and more, especially with the development of transportations system and modern technology. In past few decades tourism industry growth was tremendous and numbers of tourists in the UK have risen every year since World War II, apart from 1992 gulf war, September 11 2001 terrorist attacks on New York and July 7, 2005 London bombing. The growth in tourism industry has been the result of number of factors, e.g. Economic factor (longer paid holiday, affluence), Social factors (education and advertisement create desire to travel) and finally Development in tourism industry have made easy for tourist to travel new holiday destinations and attractions, cheaper holiday packages, faster and reliable transport. What is Terrorism? Terrorism has been defined as the intentional use of force or threat to use violence against civilian, business and government, in order to achieve their aims. During past three decades over 25000 terrorists’ incidents has happened around the world, which have resulted over 100000 causalities or injuries. The basic objectives of terrorists have remained unchanged over the years but development in technology has allowed terrorists to use more sophisticated and devastating tactics to create fear in people’s mind. The biggest increase in terrorism activities in past decade has raised many questions about the economic impacts on many countries around the world. In addition to the technological and natural hazards, people also face threats of terrorism posed by terrorists groups. Terrorist can be foreigner or domestic and their threats to people and nation from isolated acts of terrorism. The terrorists groups used different methods of attacks to create fear in people, like assassinations, kidnappings, car bombs, airline hijacking, building explosions, computer base attacks (cyber attacks), mailing of dangerous materials, use of biological, chemical and nuclear weapons. The main targets of terrorists are civilian, government departments, holiday destinations, international airports, historic and largest cities and businesses. According to Enders W. and Todd S. (2002), “terrorism is the premeditated use or threat of use of force by individuals or groups to obtain social or political objective through the intimidation of large audience, beyond that of the immediate victim”. By using fear against civilian, terrorists create fear in general public through intimidation and hope to weaken the government’s legitimacy by strengthening their own importance. Beside civilian death and destruction, terrorism can have very serious impacts on economy and tourism in the worse and immediately affected industry by terrorism. UK Tourism Sector and Economy as a Whole: The tourism industry in one of the biggest and fastest growing industries in the United Kingdom, and an important economic sector for UK economy. It is the UK fifth largest industry which provide directly employment over 1.4 million people in UK. In last year domestic and international tourists spend over 90 billion in UK economy. According to Deloitte report 2007 tourism industry contributed direct and indirect in UK economy were worth 8.2% of GDP and also provided 2.65 millions jobs to workforce. The UK tourism industry employs more people than engineering and manufacturing industries, but both industries receive significant polices attention from Government. Growth in tourism sector could have significant impacts on UK workforce. In UK the combination of culture, history, world famous attractions and natural beauty is an attractive option for local and international tourists. There are number of upcoming opportunities like London Olympics 2012, Rugby League World Cup 2013, Glasgow Commonwealth Games 2014 and Rugby Union World Cup 2015 for the UK tourism that should be exploited and on the other side depreciation of sterling means increase in spending power of international tourists, which also make UK more attractive destination to visit. It also encourage local tourist to spend holidays in UK because foreign destinations become more expensive than UK’s. Recent reports shows that number of UK tourists going abroad has fallen significantly in past few years and they are planning holiday domestically. This is confirmed by BCC (2009) report, local business in Essex notes that, “there are definite signs that exchange rates are giving the UK tourism industry a boost with less people travelling abroad and more international tourists come UK”. The future growth of UK tourism is predicted by BBC. According to BBC (2010) report; in 2018 domestic and overseas visitors will put £115 billions a year in UK economy. The direct contribution in the UK economy will be £52 billion in term of GDP which represent 4% of UK economy. Tourism also provides 1.36 million jobs in 2009 to UK workforce which is 10% of total work force. UK is the world’s sixth largest international tourism destination in term of number of tourists. After September 11, 2001 and July 7, 2005 incidents tourism industry was badly affected. According to the LCCI (2005) report, it has been estimated that the fall in tourism could cost UK tourism industry over £300 millions. Liberal Democrat MP Sarah Teather and Brent East told GMT (2005), that the impact of London terrorist bombing on tourism industry is 60 percent worse than it was initially feared. They said that the terrorism cost UK tourism industry over £500 million. Why Terrorism target Tourism Industry: The words tourism and terrorism exist at either end of a continuum of quality of life. The word tourism means living happily, enjoyment, and relaxation, while terrorism means feeling of death, destruction, fears and panics every where. According to Beirman D. (2003), “tourists are primary concerned with travelling to the destination satisfying their desires with minimum complications, threats to their safety and wellbeing “, while on the other hand Gilham (2001) said, “physical threat or serious disturbances to one’s plans are suffer to reduce the prospects of a tourist destination or tourist firm”. In past decade terrorism has very severe impacts on the travel and tourism industry than any other industry. The main reason of this may be because the basic objectives of the terrorist groups are to spread fear, as a result the basic safety and security of people threatened. According to Maslow A. (1943) the hierarchy of needs, he said that human nature never satisfied, when they have met their basic needs for safety and security. When they are able to satisfy their basic needs, then they attempt to satisfy their self actualisation needs such as better life, travel and tourism. According to Essner J. (2003), the psychological impacts are enough to have severe impacts on tourism. The fear of terrorism is irrational, because in terrorist attack chances of being killed are very little and security environment has demonstrated its negative impacts on tourism in many top destinations around the world. In this competitive age, the business environment is changing dramatically. Terrorism is the biggest threat to tourism industry because travel is susceptible to the incidents of terrorism. When people travel they always avoid hazards, so for tourists safety is the major concern. During the past decade especially after September 11 2001, there are number of events which have had significant negative impacts on UK tourism. The correlation between terrorism and tourism is undeniable in the era due to industry strength and tourist places are the ideal target for terrorist to create large amount of economic and social disruption in the country. In UK terrorism can be seen in substantial part, as a result of this backlash to the tourism industry. There are number of definitions of terrorism, in the world of Alexander, Yonah, (1979) “terrorism is a threat or use of enforcement and inclemency to achieve a political goal by means of intimidation fear, and coercion”. In the present world context, the European Union (2001) define the terrorism relevant to international business in the following words. “Terrorist offences are certain criminal offences set out in a list comprised largely of serious offences against persons and property which, given their nature or context, may seriously damage a country or an international organisation where committed with the aim of: seriously intimidating a population; or unduly compelling a Government or international organisation to perform or abstain from performing any act; or seriously destabilizing or destroying the fundamental political, constitutional, economic or social structures of a country or an international organization”. September 11 Terrorist Attacks and Tourism Industry: Terrorism has deep history science the cold war but this issue become most salient after terrorist attacks in September 11 2001. This incident affected the UK and international tourism industry in various ways. On one hand the world tourism industry was affected financially, the other hand it suffers due to legal and security issues. The international tourism industry between countries was most seriously affected due to security and safety concerns and legal issue. Especially UK, US and other developed countries were compulsion to protect their territory and people at any cost. Tourism industry in UK and USA found themselves floundering financially in the months after the terrorist attack on world Trade Centre, while rest of the world tourism industry also lost millions of dollars. According to U.S department of state (2002) report more than 3000 people of different nationalities were killed in the terrorist attacks only in the United States in September 11, 2001. The attacks were the conspicuous example of terrorism on global level. According to the overview of European commission (2001) this was the one of the major event in the past decades which diversifies the viewpoint and outlook of people around the world. Terrorism affects both the long term and short term perspectives of the all economic sectors around the world. Czinkota (2002) cited that terrorism influenced long term karma of entire industries, for example tourism, retailing and manufacturing industries. According to U.S Department of state (2001), “terrorist select businesses (e.g. tourism places) for attack compare to other targets”. The most kind of attack is bomb blast, although armed attacks and kidnapping are also some kinds of terrorist attacks. According to Council of Foreign Relations (2002) reported “the majority of victims in terrorist attack are civilians”. The relatively large number of tourists may not prepare to face these kinds of terrorist attacks. However the scenario has changed as it was at the time of terrorist attack in 9/11. Kunreuther, Michel and Porter (2003) said that during the days of terrorist attacks in 9/11 a common feeling came into mind of people that it could be me. But with the passage of time, this may give way to may be it will not ‘me’ next time. This kind of behaviour is more common now a day in south Asia. But it is a common thinking that it is extremely easy for terrorist that to attack any where in the world. Even in low cost and low tech attacks, terrorists achieve to disrupt the tourism industry. After the September 11 terrorist attacks many international tourist destinations have badly affected legally because countries have introduced new laws for foreigner tourists e.g. strict visas requirements, security check and criminal record check etc. UK government also introduced strict immigration law for every one who wishes to come UK for visit, in the effort to prevent further terrorist attacks. The new terrorist laws restricted the tourists for freely travel across the UK borders and require by security department to keep proper track of their activities. The anti terrorist laws have made very complicated for tourism industry to conduct its business activities freely across the UK borders; as a result many people and firms engaged with tourism have financially struggled. Another major issue that affect the UK tourism industry is security and UK government have to invest huge amount of money to improve both internal and external security. The security is most important because terrorist target hot tourists spots and transportation network to achieve their targets. There is not a vast existing literature which shows the relationship between terrorism and tourism management theories, and the lack of presence of research literature is absolutely visible on the relationship between terrorism and tourism management, which elaborates constructive techniques for tourism industry in the presence of phenomena of terrorism. Terrorism has capacity to create atmosphere of fear and can be intimidate industry in number of ways. This threat of terrorism attacks poses a continuous atmosphere of risk for the tourism around the world. This risk itself creates extension for treatment of risk in management theories. The majority of management literature theories adopt term ‘uncertainty’ as a factor of unpredictable environment which may influence the tourism industry in certain ways. The environment effected by terrorism also has a factor of unpredictability in it. This study is another attempt to research and investigates impacts of terrorism on the tourism industry in UK and we will also discuss different approaches for reducing and handling the terrorism threats. Context and relevance of the Study: The topic, impacts of terrorism on tourism industry has been widely explored, this study is based on past decade to find out the impacts of terrorism on UK tourism industry and suggest the appropriate framework that helps tourism industry to minimise the impacts of terrorism. Given this significance, the aim of this research is an attempt to find the impacts of terrorism on UK tourism industry in the present context for the period after September 11 2001. Research Aim: The aim of this research is to analyse and explore the effects of terrorism on tourism industry in the United Kingdom after September 11 2001. The second part of my research is to critically analyse and recommend the most appropriate framework for tourism industry to deal with the terrorist threats or scrutinize the different ways to avoid and minimise the impact of terrorism on tourism industry. Research Objectives: The research objectives will include the elements, which have relation to both terrorism and tourism. The objectives of this research will show the correlation between terrorism and tourism and the tourism industry is highly impacted by terrorism activities. This research has the following individual objectives: To critically analyse the general impact of terrorism on United Kingdom tourism industry. To recommend the most appropriate framework that helps the tourism industry to minimize the impact of terrorism. Hypothesis: The hypothesis of this study is as follows; Tourism industry is likely, to be negatively impacted by terrorism events. Research Questions: The above research objectives can be broken down into following leading questions; What are the effects of terrorism on UK tourism industry? What measures and framework exist to minimize the impacts or consequences of terrorism on UK tourism Industry? After having answered all above questions, conclusion and recommendations will be formulated to minimize the impacts for tourism industry. The conclusion and recommendations are put in the context of relevant political, economic and legal manners. Scope and Limitations of the research: This is an academic research that would shed some light on the matter of terrorism and tourism which have been discussed in different prospective in past. The significance of this study is found out the impacts after September 11 2001 and July 7 2005 terrorist attacks on UK tourism industry. Terrorism and tourism relationship is an ongoing issue and it relevance may change in different period because of the change of political structure of the countries. This study is relevant to the people involve in tourism and related industry and of much interest to get insight of the tourism industry. The finding of this study will be limited from the following aspects. The study includes the impacts on UK tourism industry only. Hence, its findings may not be applicable to other countries tourism industries because of the frequencies and number of terrorist attacks. Another limitation is use of secondary data, this data is an important component of my research but there are some limitations that the secondary data may have and the problems that could arise if these limitations are ignored. The verification of existing data is difficult. Secondary data can be general and vague and sometimes it may cause difficulties in decision making. It is possible that data could be out dated and the sample used to generate the secondary data maybe small. The secondary data may not be accurate and sources of data need must always be checked. The sample used to collect data may be very small or very big, which means it may not show the true picture of the population. The secondary data sometimes does not help to design methods of formulating research question or answering that question. The data publisher company may not be reputable. While keeping in mind those limitations of secondary data, I will use data for my research from reputable academic websites and published literature. Research Structure and Design: This research consists of six chapters. It begins with chapter 1, which reveals the need, aim and objectives for this research to be attained. Chapter 2 of my research will discuss the methodology, which enables me to fulfil the requirements of this research. Chapter 3 is an extensive and deep interpretation of literature review about terrorism and tourism. This chapter also looks at the other literature on the tourism and terrorism topic, and also discusses the difference between previous researches and this research. Chapter 4 of this research will explore the impacts of terrorism on UK tourism industry. Chapter 5 of this research is about managing the effects of terrorism and discuss the framework to minimise the impacts of terrorism. Finally chapter 6 of this research is the conclusion and recommendation chapter which will answer all the key questions, aim and objectives of this research seek. Abbreviation and terminology: Uncertainty: specifically mean the unpredictable environment; it is unpredictable when next terrorist attack will occur. Risk: mean threat; internal and external threat in tourism industry which may affect the productivity of organisation.
Campbellsville University Scalability Concepts Discussion
Campbellsville University Scalability Concepts Discussion.
This is a required assignment worth 20 points (20points/1000-points). Assignment must be submitted by the due date. No late assignments are allowed. Please discuss the following topicsDefine scalability.List five to ten potential relationships that align with the Pareto principle, such as how 80 percent of sales come from 20 percent of customers.Compare and contrast vertical and horizontal scaling.Explain the importance of the database read/write ratio.List and describe five ways you think the cloud will change the future of TV.List and describe five potential uses for intelligent fabric.List and describe five ways the cloud will influence the mobile application market, or vice versa.Discuss the importance of HTML 5.Each topic in 50 words max. APA format and references please
Campbellsville University Scalability Concepts Discussion
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