Wrongful convictions occur every day. With a legal system that is at times dependent on eyewitness accounts and hearsay there is room for error. Sometimes these errors of justice are quickly rectified, but at other times the process can be long and drawn out. In the case of the West Memphis three: Damian Echols, Jason Baldwin, and Jessie Misskelley, were teenagers when they were arrested for the murders of three young boys: Chris Byers, Michael Moore, and Stevie Branch. For nearly two decades, although convicted of the crimes, the West Memphis three denied any involvement in the murders.
The West Memphis three case is a prime example of how small town misconceptions and rumors can take hold of a criminal case and twist non-existent evidence into concrete evidence, leading to a miscarriage of justice. Damian Echols, Jessie Misskelley and Jason Baldwin are innocent of the murders of Christopher Byers, Stevie Branch and Michael Moore. On the 6th of May 1993 most of Arkansas watched the news and learned a terrible crime had been committed. Three little boys had been found beaten, murdered, and thrown in a ditch like trash.
As the news spread of the murders of Michael Branch, Steven Moore and Christopher Byers, details of the case began to be leaked. Most details of a murder investigation are kept private. This is done in an effort to keep out false confession and used in following leads from tips. However, news that the boys were found naked, beaten, cut, and that one of the murdered children was castrated quickly spread and became common knowledge in the town. These leaks of information were the first in a series of investigation mishaps.
With rumors in their ears and a community scared, the pressure was on for the West Memphis Police to find the monsters that did this. One would think all aspects of case like this would be explored. However, on the night of the murders employees at a nearby BoJangles restaurant called the West Memphis police to report a strange incident that occurred in one of their public bathrooms. A man, wet, covered in mud and blood had entered the restaurant women’s bathroom and left a mess. An officer responded to the call but no evidence was collected until the next day.
The evidence that was collected at the restaurant, after the boys bodies had been found, was subsequently lost by officer Brian Ridge, the same officer who would later interview one of the accused. It can clearly be seen that losing evidence of any sort at such a crucial time is an example of police incompetence. Satanic panic is a term mentioned a lot in this case. Damien Echols name was first mentioned by an overzealous juvenile officer named Steve Jones early in the investigation (the day after the bodies were found).
Due to the leaks in the press about the injuries on the murdered boy’s bodies and rumors of satanic rituals Mr. Jones was contacted by officer Sudberry of the West Memphis police department. During this informal conversation, Jones states he knows of a person he believed to be not only to be involved in occult activities but that could also be capable of this type of crime; Jones named Damien Echols. (Steel 2012) Based on this hunch, with no evidence, both officer Sudberry and Mr. Jones went to speak to Damien Echols at his home the next day.
During this interview with Jones and Sudberry, Echols made a statement he thought one of the murdered boys had been injured worse than the others. This statement was later used against Echols, even though it was common knowledge in West Memphis at the time. (Steel 2012) There was no reason at this time to suspect or interview Echols at this time. One can clearly see that Echols was mentioned at this point, not because of evidence, but more convincingly, because he was different. According to Mara Leveritt, Damian Echols stuck out in a crowd, often wearing all black along with a long black trench coat.
One would think a person would never admit to doing something so terrible such as murdering three little boys if they had not committed the crime. But according to Jennifer Schell, PhD. this occurs more often than once thought. In research compiled by Schell the following statistics were given about false confessions: 93% were made by males, 81% occurred in murder cases, 74% of the time the real perpetrator was found, 63% were younger than 25, and four out of five of the false confessors who went to trail were convicted.
Ridge , the same officer who earlier lost blood samples from the Bo Jangles restaurant. In an interview given by chief criminal inspector Gary Gitchell, Miskelley “was only picked up in hopes he knew something about cult activity. ”(Berlinger & Sinofsky 2012) Misskelley at the time was only 17 years old.
With no parent present, without Miranda rights being read to him, Misskelley was questioned for 12 hours of which only the last 41 minutes were recorded. During this last 41 minutes of a 12 hour interview, Jessie Misskelley, whose IQ is 72, confessed to the murders of the three little boys and also indicated accomplices’ Damian Echols and Jason Baldwin. Even though his supposed confession contained many inconsistencies such as the time of the day; Jessie originally said the crime occurred in the morning, but investigators knew this could not be true.
Byers, Moore, Branch, and Baldwin had all attended school that day. Misskelley stated the boys were “tied with rope”; however, they were actually tied up with their own shoe strings. Also there are many inconsistences in Misskelly’s confession when compared to the injuries of the boys. One can come to the immediate conclusion that if Misskelley made this many crucial mistakes during the 41 minutes he was recorded, even after 12 hours of interrogation, he was lying. Gitchell’s entire case relied on this faulted confession.
Dimensions of professional practice in leading and managing care
Dimensions of professional practice in leading and managing care.
a critical reflection on the NMC domains
The aim and focus of the assignment
Primary purpose of this assignment is to explore and demonstrate an understanding and sound knowledge of the 4 domains of the NMC ‘Standards for Pre-registration Nurses’ four competency domains (NMC, 2010), while providing care for Lucas a service user whose case study is presented in appendix. This essay should reflect current evidence based that underpins effective nursing practice in the mental health setting (for example, NICE, NMC, primary studies; where necessary, literature review evidence). The focus should be holistic and person centred as stated in the NICE, 2011a guidelines) including meeting the legal requirements.
This paper will focus on the care of a service user ‘Padme’ to preserve confidentiality in accordance with Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC) guidelines (NMC, 2015). This case study will follow Padme’s treatment within an adult acute inpatient unit, reflecting on the challenges and events that occurred chronologically during her stay; her engagement with treatment, communicative needs, medication regime, and finally, discharge to the community. The care provided will be reflected upon in relation to the NMC ‘Standards for Pre-registration Nurses’ four competency domains (NMC, 2010), as well as an evidence-base, current nursing legislation, NICE clinical guidelines to ensure that treatment is fully ‘person-centred’ (NICE, 2011a), holistic, and meets legal requirements.
Summary of the case study
Lucas is a 25 year old man from an Afro-Caribbean decent with a diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia and mild learning disabilities with a rare case of type diabetes. Lucas physical and mental state has deteriorated significantly following the death of his father six months ago. However, Lucas and his father are very close. Lucas had a job as postman and he has not been fully functional and active at work. Lucas has missed several days off sick with no prior notification. He has been acting bizarrely and extremely suspicious. He suddenly became violent and aggressive towards his girlfriend believing that his girlfriend is against him and that his neighbour is terrorist planning to explode the London tower bridge. His girlfriend was unable to deal this severity of his challenge and difficulties and she called the police when he started to present with extreme violence and aggression. Lucas was found wondering on the side of the motor way causing unexpected traffic jam and he was picked by the police and was brought to the hospital under section 136 of the MHA. The author has assigned as the co-primary nurse to support and care for Lucas on this admission. Please see appendix A for detailed information.
Structure of the Essay
The structure for this assignment should revolve around the 4 NMC domains as presented in the criteria below. Each domains and additional ‘care management’ should be considered a point (body of the essay) and should be based on the evidence that is presented in the case study for Lucas and how the author (student nurse) have been able to utilise skills, knowledge and experience gain throughout the three years to work with other professionals as an active member of the MDT to deliver care to Lucas.
Please consider the immediate needs and challenges that Lucas may have when planning and meeting his care needs and working in partnership with other professionals to meet his needs (Language difficulties with LD, considering that he has a communication book). These difficulties and challenges should be supported with studies through studies and research evidence.
Critically reflect upon and examine the dimensions of professional practice in leading and managing care.
Communication and interpersonal skills
Nursing practice and decision making
Leadership Management and team working
These Domains must be treated as heading with effective use of the SMART (Specific, Measurable, Achievable, Realistic within the Time-frame) Objectives to meet the goals of the assignment.
Short definition of each Domain should be provided. Examples to support the points in the domains can be extracted from the case study provided.
How each domain interacts with the different components of the case study should be explored. It should provide statistics( where necessary) to show their importance
The Author must demonstrate sound knowledge of independent thinking and decision making as a mental health nurse.
Demonstrate (with studies) how each domains impact nursing practice in the UK and how beneficial it is to student nurses, mental health practice in the UK.
Each Domain has different component and it must reflect and demonstrate the author’s learning and decision making skills.
Please note that the Care management of the assignment was added by the university and it is not mainly the NMC domain. However, it encompasses every aspect of the domains. Be mindful that it should treated equally important as the other 4 NMC domains.
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