watch these videos an give me your intake. https://youtu.be/RFPj9frhKuo =AHere is a set of articles about the extraction of natural resources and subsequent environmental consequences and changes in water quality. Take a look at both of these articles, and then see what comparisons you can make between what happened in Colorado in the 1800’s-1900’s to what is happening in Pennsylvania today. What are your thoughts? (Ignore the responses you see at the end of the articles.) http://sacredland.org/poison-in-the-rockies/http://content.time.com/time/video/player/0,32068,… ENVIRONMENT IN THENEWS PRESENTATIONS• Research a recent news item on the environment in the print media (local paper or major newspaper e.g. Houston Chronicles, New York Times, Washington Post), on television, or on the internet. • Identify the problem e.g. The 2016 floods in Houston, the Gulf coast oil spill, The Paris Climate Accord etc. • The geographic region (state, region, country, continent) • Possible cause(s) of the problem • Effects on the surrounding environment • Propose solution(s) to the problem • Include the news source(s), dates, and references in your presentation.Grading rubric for environments in the news PresentationAdherence to rules (including news sources, geographic location, references etc) • Content including depth of research and analysis of data and use of visual aid (graphics) in presentation • Proposed solution to the environmental issue addressed • Presentation style (engaging).
watch these 2 videos and write a in the news presentations paper
I’m working on a business case study and need support to help me study.
https://www.iihs.org/topics/distracted-drivingundefinedLearning Activity: Monitoring Observed Policy OutcomesundefinedAfter viewing this week’s presentations and completing the reading assignments, each student is to write their own Discussion Board (DB) question on the topic of policy analysis and assembling evidence based on the readings and course content. Then, provide a comprehensive, well-reasoned and evidence-based response to your own prompt in 250–500 words. You will submit your response as a paper assignment.undefinedRemember that the response must be thoughtful and comprehensive, citing outside sources as supporting evidence (details, sensible approach) and the writing represents Strayer Writing Standards and style in tone, clarity, citations and stylistic points.
PAD 520 Strayer University Policy Design and Management Discussion
Answer the three question in attached files with 6 pages. Use at least 5 sources. (This Professor only care about length of the paper, not content.)From syllabus:Similarity Score (as determined by Turnitin) needs below 25%.You must properly cite your sources within your writing assignments. My preferred method is that you cite each necessary sentence with a simple endnote number (1, 2, 3, etc.). The full endnotes should be automatically populated on the last page of your submitted work. Your list of cited material does not count toward the minimum page requirement.
HMD 310 UNLV Hospitality Introduction of Law Questions
Financial Analysis of Bayer AG Case Study
Abstract This paper demonstrates use of real financial data in financial analysis. The objective is to carry out a broad financial analysis for an actual company. It explores the various techniques and tools used for financial analysis. In the analysis, we use financial data for Bayer AG for five year period from 2006 to 2010. The study is based on comparative analysis of historical data of the Corporation. The study concentrates on the statistical highlights of the Corporation, ratio analysis (ratios on profitability, liquidity, safety and efficiency). In addition, percentages are used in the analysis to monitor changes overtime. Graphs are also used to portray trend of various variables in the study over the five year period. Finally, the results are interpreted based on ideal situations and recommendations are made based on the findings Introduction Bayer AG is a multinational company dealing with pharmaceutical products with its head office located in Germany. Vast proportion of returns on sale comes from pharmaceutical segment. From 2005 to 2010, series of financial performances characterize operation of Bayer AG Company especially on the periphery of ratio performance. Over this period, there has been no substantial change in capital structure in the operations of Bayer AG Company. Bayer AG has market across the world with substantial segment in America, Europe, Asia, and Africa. Specifically, in 2007, this segment generated over $ 50 million in sales which is 49% of total sales (Bloomberg Business 02). Indicated below are figures representing financial performance of Bayer AG Company for a six year interlude from 2006 to 2011. Summary of financial feat from 2006 to 2011 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Net sales 31, 778 30,766 29, 879 27, 789 27, 970 28,034 Profit after tax 10, 199 7,730 873 3,246 3,230 2,546 Change in profit after tax 19.1% 49.6% 43.% 95.6% 200.1% 211.7% Dividend per share 0.42 0.51 0.44 0.43 0.40 0.41 Earnings per share 1.01 1.43 1.06 1.06 0.978 0.50 Table 1 Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More From the figure given above, performance across the six year period was erratic. However, no loss was reported in any year. The sales were at its highest in 2007 and lowest in 2009. Despite steady dividend per share averaging to 1, earnings for the same performed dismally. Key: Horizontal axis-years Vertical axis-sales Scope and Objective of the Study This paper attempts to comprehensively and explicitly analyze financial statements of Bayer AG Company covering performance in sales from 2006 to 2010. In summary, the paper will present an inclusive location of Bayer AG on the facets of financial position as part of liquidity, profitability, and efficiency. In addition, the treatise makes informed suggestions and predictions into the future survival analysis of the company based on the findings from the study. Literature Review Bayer AG Company makes audited comprehensive financial reports after every twelve months, that is, annually. This is in line with stipulated laws for review by government, stakeholders, and creditors, among others. Well audited financial statements are essential as they reveal a narrow reflection on weakness and strengths of the business (Clauss 19). Thus, in order to give a comprehensive financial performance over a period of time, an in depth financial analysis is vital in managing relations between different entities and giving informed information for proper and adequate decision making science. We will write a custom Case Study on Financial Analysis of Bayer AG specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Ratio Analysis The process of financial analysis involves the science of evaluating finance-related variances that facilitate in-depth determination of investment viability and sustainability both in short and long term. Intrinsically, financial statements are reviewed for a company to establish the stability, liquidity, solvency, and profitability to perform within the dynamics of business environment. The focus in financial analysis concentrates on change in equity statements, cash flow statements, and financial position statements (Vance 34). As a tool for financial analysis, ratio analysis is important as it entails an entity’s previous, present, future extrapolation based on results obtained. In inferring and forecasting into the future performance, the aspect of money having a definite time value is factored in at every analysis level. Profitability Ratio By definition, this concept refers to the ability of a company to sustain growth and earn income in long and short term. Ratios used in this analysis include operation profit, gross profit, net profit, ROE (Return on Equity), and (ROA) Return on Assets. Profitability at Bayer AG is analyzed via in-depth review of expenditure and income account. Series of simultaneously functioning ratios are computed to present the company’s profitability in the six year financial performance period from 2006 to 2011. As presented below, this table presents a comparative profitability analysis of Bayer AG over the six year financial period. Year of operation Profitability ratios 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Return on Assets = Net profit Average Total Assets 4,203/ 22,345 18.4% 4,283/ 30,197 21.4% 3,608/ 38,671 12.1% 5,773/ 37,500 0.9% 5,849/ 37,412 3.5% Net Profit Margin = Net profit Net Sales 4,514/ 40,121 9.6% 6,546/ 49,058 12.2% 3,765/ 49,720 8.7% 1,208/ 39,964 2.6% 1,543/ 43,416 4.2% Gross profit margin Gross profit Net sales 12,369/ 40,121 32.5% 18,354/ 51,058 33.9% 16,363/ 50,710 34.3% 12,265 0,984 32.3% 12,117/ 42,446 30.2% Return on Equity = Net profit before taxes Net worth 5,723/ 12,060 47.5% 8,268/ 17,338 47.7% 4,970/ 16,510 30.1% 962/ 13,088 7.4% 1,786/ 14,384 12.4% Table 2 From data in the above table, the analysis computes ROE, ROA, net profit margin, and gross profit margins. These ratios indicate depreciating profit apart from the year 2007. However, the margin for gross profit is relatively stable implying a proper inventory control, efficiency in production, and sustainable pricing policy to offer comparative advantage. In addition, the margin for net profit is relatively unstable probably due to the economic climate on the late last decade, inability to generate adequate revenue on sales to cushion fixed costs and eventually stabilize profitability margin. Besides, it is vital to note that ROE and ROA vary as net profit margin changes from time to time (Clauss 81). The declining performance can also be attributed to global financial instability, weaker corporate and customer spending, volatility in currency market, and limited credit availability. However, change in strategy could be attributed to performance in 2007, and that of 2010 through to 2011. Illustrated below are the graph and table reflecting varies in profitability and trends in ratios. Not sure if you can write a paper on Financial Analysis of Bayer AG by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Key: Horizontal-years Vertical-percentage Liquidity ratio Liquidity ratio is vital in establishing the strength of a company to maintain and sustain positive cash flow within the range of immediate obligation satisfaction of settling debts (Vance 56). In order to compute this ratio, the analysis dwells on liquid assets or cash flow. The concept of liquid asset refers to trade in market that is active and is easily convertible into cash and the current best price in the market. The techniques employed in this analysis include the quick and current ratios. The table below presents the outcome of the analysis. Year of operation Liquidity ratios 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Current ratio = Current assets Current liabilities 18,586/ 10,161 1.8 29,294/ 18,976 1.5 24,470/ 20,355 1.2 23,613/ 15,188 1.6 27,145/17,540 1.5 Quick ratio = Quick Asset Current liabilities 17,032/ 10,161 1.7 26,418/ 18,976 1.4 21,937/ 20,355 1.1 21,748/ 15,188 1.4 24,622/17,540 1.4 Table 3 Values obtained indicate current ratio for Bayer AG ranging from 1.7 t0 1.0 across the period of analysis. From this performance indicator, it is apparent that Bayer AG has a strong liquidity ratio and is within the boundaries of the 2:1 ideal current ratio. Safety This concept reflects on vulnerability of an organization to uncertainty or the risk factor and the magnitude of protection in place for debts in the business (Helfert 38). Series of simultaneous ratios can be employed to reveal the current state of safety in Bayer AG Company. Among the techniques include Debt to Equity ratio. The results are displayed in the table below. Year of operation Safety ratios 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Debt to equity ratio = Total liabilities/ net worth 10,557/ 12,060 0.8 20,261/ 17,338 1.2 23,072/ 16,510 1.4 20,989/ 13,088 1.6 22,892/ 14,384 1.6 Table 4 The ratio of debt to equity affirms the quantitative interaction between creditors’ funds and investment by investors and owners in terms of capital. Reflectively, a higher ratio of the same directly translates into higher risk to both present and prospect creditors. In comparison, the smaller the ratio, the lower the cumulative risk on present and future investments. Therefore, lower rations translate into financial stability and predictable probability to be financially worthy to borrow at present and latter (Vance 67). However, extreme low figure in the ratio is an indication of excessive precaution and conservativeness. As showed in the graph below, this ratio changes from 0.8 in 2006 to 1.59 in 2010. The positive changes indicate higher risk to present and prospect creditors. Efficiency This ratio indicates the management science and how appropriate they are in resource use to generate income and sales. As reflected in the turnover ratio, efficiency analysis also indicates the activity level. In this analysis, account payable, and account receivable turnovers are intrinsically employed simultaneously (Clauss 38). These computations are presented in the table below. From the data generated, it is clear that the performance on this grid is erratic. This is because both positive and negative variations are noted across the six year period. Therefore, predictability of the future may not be accurate when account payable and account receivable turnover ratios are used. This is indicated in nature of graph generated. Year of operation Efficiency ratios 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Accounts receivable turnover = Net sales/ Accounts receivable 41,121/ 5,888 7.0 51,058/ 11,200 4.6 50,710/ 9,444 5.3 40,984/ 7,981 5.1 42,446/ 7,570 5.6 Accounts receivable collection period = 365days/ accounts receivable turnover 52.1 79.3 68.7 71.6 65.2 Accounts payable turnover = cost of goods sold/ Accounts payable 27,742/ 3,732 7.4 33,781/ 7,074 4.8 33,337/ 5,225 6.4 27,720/ 6,101 4.5 29,629/ 4,950 6.0 Days payable = 365 days/ accounts payable turnover 49.3 76.0 57.0 81.1 60.8 Inventory turnover = Cost of goods sold/inventory 27,742/ 1,554 17.9 33,781/ 2,876 11.7 33,337/ 2,533 13.2 27,720/ 2,523 11.0 29,629/ 1,865 15.9 Days inventory = 365days/ inventory turnover 20.4 31.2 27.7 33.2 23.0 Sales to net worth = Total sales/Net worth 41,121/ 12,060 3.4 51,058/ 17,338 2.9 50,710/ 16,510 3.1 40,984/ 14,749 2.8 42,446/ 16,231 2.6 Sales to total assets = Total sales/total assets 41,121/ 22,617 1.8 51,058/ 37,599 1.4 50,710/ 39,582 1.3 40,984/ 35,738 1.1 42,446/ 39,123 1.1 Table 5 Notably, sales to total assets and that of net worth declines across the years. As an indicator, sales to net worth reveals the number of units of sales achieved for every unit bundle of investment. On the other hand, sales to total assets show how efficient the company realizes sales for every unit of its assets. Therefore, it a measure of the ability of a company’s assets to efficiently and sustainably generate sales in short, mid, and long terms (Helfert 34). As indicated above, Bayer AG’s ability to realize sales form assets and noteworthy is unreliable and is on declining trend. Unfortunately, this trend has a negative effect of lowering the confidence of investors to invest their capital in short term especially if the motive is partially speculative. Methodology In the process of carrying out the comprehensive financial analysis, financial statements of Bayer AG Company were reviewed for a six year period from 2006 to 2011. This analysis employed varies analysis tools such as liquidity, profitability, liquidity, capital structure, and percentage. These techniques and tools were employed simultaneously in cash flow, financial, and income statements (Helfert 56). Outcome from these techniques were extrapolated and explained and use in forecasting into future. Conclusion Depending on the structure of a company, financial analysis can sometimes be tricky. Since Bayer AG fall in different industry in terms of product orientation, analysis of its financial statements is complex. This industry of operation is competitive. Thus, decision making science should resonate on the periphery of accounting science and qualitative analysis of data derived from financial performance. From the analysis discussed above, it is apparent that Bayer AG Company has performed relatively well especially on the facets of sustainable business operations. Reflectively, the 2007 financial year was outstanding. This better performance can be attributed to strategies aimed at facilitating financial turnaround. In the six year financial period of analysis, Bayer AG has been able to meet obligations and beyond. As noted, current performance in finance alone cannot extrapolate forecasting into future sustainability due to series of inconsistencies in previous performances. In addition, the current financial ground may not paint out a clear future for shareholders for short term investment profitability (Brigham and Houston 121). However, due to a compact structural system, investment in the long run is viable within the operations of Bayer AG Company. Therefore, before further capital injection, further review should be ascertained as a function of present trend in profitability and sustainability. Works Cited “Bloomberg Business: Bayer AG-REG (BAYN:Xetra).” Investing.Businessweek.com. Bloomberg Businessweek, 18 Sept. 2010. Web. Brigham, Eugene F. and Joel F. Houston. Fundamentals of Financial Management. 12th ed. USA: South-Western Cengage Learning, 2009. Print. Clauss, Francis J. Corporate Financial Analysis with Microsoft Excel. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc, 2010. Print. Helfert, Erich A. Financial Analysis, Tools and Techniques: Assessment of Business Performance. New York: McGraw-Hill books, 2001. Print. Vance, David E. Financial Analysis and Decision Making: Tools and Techniques to Solve Financial Problems and Make Effective Business Decisions. New York: McGraw-Hill Books, 2003. Print.
you will construct your own “This I believe” statement on everyday ethics. Everyday ethics concern minor acts that point to your values.
help me with my homework you will construct your own “This I believe” statement on everyday ethics. Everyday ethics concern minor acts that point to your values.. I need an explanation for this Writing question to help me study.
A popular podcast from NPR, “This I Believe” asks for listeners and speakers to critically think through the values and worldviews that guide their everyday choices, no matter how small. For this assignment, you will construct your own “This I believe” statement on everyday ethics. Everyday ethics concern minor acts that point to your values. Some examples might include:
Depositing dropped money into a tip jar
Giving money to buskers
Slowing down to allow cars to merge
Making eye contact and smiling with service workers
Chewing food with your mouth closed
Think about how you would complete one of the following sentences:
I believe you should always ______________________________________.
I believe you should never _______________________________________.
While the above statements are rather absolute, your speech may work through some of the qualifiers and complexities of your belief.
Your speech will be delivered in the style of an Ignite speech – a 5-minute speech that is supported by 20 automatically timed slides. While these conditions may feel limiting, such conditions encourage you to be intentional in your linguistic, embodied, and visual rhetoric. 5 minutes is roughly 500 words.
you will construct your own “This I believe” statement on everyday ethics. Everyday ethics concern minor acts that point to your values.
ANT 3241 Florida International University Dakota Access Pipeline Controversy Paper
ANT 3241 Florida International University Dakota Access Pipeline Controversy Paper.
I’m working on a history question and need guidance to help me learn.
A society’s worldview includes how that society sees their environment and its relationship to the environment.Consider Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) controversy. Refer to the article read (see below) to understand different worldviews at work. Then, answer the questions below.Q-1: Discuss the different worldviews, myths, beliefs that are at work in this controversy.Q-2: Do you think that two cultures with different worldviews could ever come to an agreement on how to deal with issues of environmental exploitation?Q-3: Now imagine that if you are an anthropologist working with the native tribes, how would you help the native communities to be understood by other parties through employing a cultural relativistic perspective and your knowledge on sacred, myth, and worldview.https://culanth.org/fieldsights/we-are-blood-relatives-no-to-the-dapl
ANT 3241 Florida International University Dakota Access Pipeline Controversy Paper
Analysis of a Health Promotion Intervention
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp This essay will provide an analysis of a Health Promotion Intervention primarily utilizing an Educational Approach in tackling the health issue of Cannabis misuse. Health needs assessment will be done for cannabis misuse providing significant explanations of epidemiological, demographic data and trends, analysis will be made of the HP activity in raising the awareness of abusing the prohibited substance, elaborating research activities in relation to the HP approach used, an evaluation of the health promotion activity will be discussed, emphasis regarding health promotion is an important part of the role of the nurse and particularly in relation to the health issue will be elaborated in this paper. Health Needs Assessment The Health Issue Cannabis Misuse is considered a Global health Issue as such psychoactive substance particularly abusing the use of the said drug do poses a significant threat to health, social and economic fabric of families, communities and nations in general. WHO proposed that Illegal drug use inflicts its mortality problem earliest in an individual’s life. Cannabis is a generic term used to denote the several psychoactive (change how the brain works) preparations of the plant Cannabis sativa made from parts of the cannabis plant it’s a naturally occurring drug (WHO, 2006). The extent of worldwide psychoactive substance use is estimated at 185 million drug users (WHO, 2010). Cannabis misuse leads to numerous health crises as WHO reported that it is a mild sedative which often can cause a chilled out feeling or actual sleepiness and the said substance is a mild hallucinogen wherein an individual may experience a state of seeing objects and reality in very a distorted way. In addition to this, WHO proposed that there is also wealth of evidence linking cannabis with mental health problems including psychosis and Schizophrenia. Donna Blanca Abrea (SRN 08195743) The Epidemiological, demographic data and trends Global epidemiology Cannabis is by far the most widely nurtured, trafficked and abused illicit drug. Half of all drug seizures worldwide are cannabis seizures (WHO, 2006). The geographical spread of those seizures is also global, covering practically every country of the world. About 147 million people, 2.5% of the world population, consume cannabis (annual prevalence). In 21 countries that were surveyed in the western part of the WHO European Region, cannabis has been reported as the most used illicit drug by the general public (WHO, 2009). WHO proposed that in the present decade, cannabis abuse has grown more rapidly than cocaine and opiate abuse, and cannabis has become more closely linked to youth culture and the age of initiation is usually lower than for other drugs. UK epidemiology and demography Cannabis misuse of youths in the UK is increasing in number as reports on the results of the 2008 Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey (SALSUS) suggested facts. SALSUS is the most recent of a series of school surveys used to monitor and measure specifically the abuse of drugs among young people in Scotland. By far the most common drug taken was cannabis and twenty per cent of 16 year olds reported they had used drugs in the last year and 13% of 16 year olds reported that they had used drugs in the last month (SALSUS, 2008). The survey was completed by over 10,000 students aged 16 years old across Scotland. In the other hand Drug misuse among young adults in England and Wales Cannabis remains the drug most likely to be used by young people; 18.7% of respondents aged 16-24 had used cannabis in the last year of 2008/09 (NHS Information Centre, 2009). The most recent British Crime Survey (BCS) report 8.2% aged between the ages of 16-59 in England, and Wales reported using cannabis in 2006/07. 2.4% admitted use in a month preceding the survey. Donna Blanca Abrea (SRN 08195743) Philippine epidemiology and demography Drug addiction in the Philippines is a mounting problem although it is one that the Philippine government is trying to seize and take hold of. Drug addiction in the country has increased at alarming rates the Anti-Narcotics Group of the Philippine National Police disclosed that around 1.8 million of the 80 million Filipinos were regular drug users. In nationwide surveys and statistics reveals that most of the drug users in the Philippines are young people (Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency, 2009). Illicit drugs that are present include marijuana (the common term for cannabis), LSD, opiates, and barbiturates while there are no hard fast statistics available, it is estimated that as many as 60,000 young people in the Philippines are dealing with drug addiction as surveyed by the Philippine National Police recently. PNP disclosed that about 70 percent of marijuana supply in the world might be coming from the Cordillera region in northern Luzon, it claimed that marijuana fields have been found among the 300,000 hectares of Cordillera farmlands in the past (PNP, 2010). The Target group WHO reported that Cannabis misuse has become more closely linked to youth culture and the age of initiation is usually lower than for other drugs. Some teens may feel the need to use cannabis or marijuana to help these youths escape from problems at home, at school, or with friends (National Institute of Drug Abuse, 2010). SALSUS reported that by far the most common drug taken was cannabis by young people in Scotland starting from the age of 16. In line with the accumulated statistics the health promoters rule out that the target group in need of health promotion starts from the ages of 12-15 in the UK, perhaps this health promotion is needed in the Philippines but considering the fact that there is no hard statistics or strong evidence of specific Cannabis misuse within the chosen age group, it would be realistic to hold the health promotion activity in the UK. This has been the chosen target group because as what Donna Blanca Abrea (SRN 08195743) statistics shows that the starting age of cannabis misuse are those in the age group 16 to 19 years, and such current use is generally higher.for the purpose of prevention the earlier the youths will be educated the lesser incidence of misuse will occur. The health promoters presumed that this age group health needs is great and has high probability to stay unmet if health education isn’t provided earlier on. The Policies and Strategies UK Health Policies and Strategies On the 26th of January, 2010 cannabis was reclassified by the Department of Health up from a Class C drug to a Class B which means that there are more strict penalties for such possession. An independent expert group that advises Government, the Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) not long reviewed the most up-to-date information of the effects and specific disadvantages of cannabis use and made a number of recommendations. ACMD reported that for ages between 10 and 17 and caught with even a small amount of cannabis the police will take action. The cannabis possessed is confiscated and the police are likely to: reprimand if it is the first time being caught possessing such drug, parents of the young offender will be informed. Give the offender a final warning and be referred to a Youth Offending Team if it is the second time the individual is being caught. The user will be arrested if it’s the third time that could lead to a conviction and a criminal record. Philippines Policy In line with the global health policy for adolescents and youth, the Philippine Department of Health established the Adolescent and Youth Health and Development Program (AYHDP). The DOH, with the involvement of other line agencies, partners from the medical discipline, Non Donna Blanca Abrea (SRN 08195743) Government Organizations (NGOs) and donor agencies have developed a policy on adolescent and youth health as well as corresponding guidelines and service protocol to ensure young peoples’ health needs are given attention and awareness the AYHDP shall mainly focus on addressing the following health concerns regardless of their sex, race and socioeconomic background: Mental Health Substance use and abuse (DOH, 2006). DOH proposed that early education and information sharing for adolescents and service information providers: the parents, teachers, communities, health staff, media and NGOs on adolescent health concerns and intensified responsive counseling services geared towards adolescent health shall be done. This aims to increase knowledge and understanding of a particular health issue, and with the explicit intention of motivating the young people to adopt healthy behavior and to prevent health hazards such as substance use / abuse, violent behavior. The Philippine Government however further declared the policy of the State the Comprehensive Dangerous Drug Act of 2002 to provide effective mechanisms or measures to re-integrate into society individuals who have been victims to drug abuse or dangerous drug dependence through sustainable programs of treatment and rehabilitation. Global Strategies WHO seeks through its publications to support national health strategies and address the most pressing public health concerns of populations worldwide. The Department of Substance Abuse was merged with the Department of Mental Health to form the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, reflecting the many common approaches of management of mental health and substance use disorders (WHO, 2010). WHO advocated that the Management of Substance Abuse Team is concerned with the management of problems related to the use of all psychoactive substances. It emphasizes the development, evaluation of cost-effective interventions for substance use disorders as well as the generation, and dissemination of Donna Blanca Abrea (SRN 08195743) scientific information on substance use and dependence, their health and social consequences (WHO, 2010). It assists countries in promoting and capacity building for the prevention and management of substance abuse disorders in all vulnerable groups. Cannabis misuse is a huge public health issue as the Philippine Drug Enforcement Agency stated that in the Philippine context three major activities related to illegal drugs are considered as major threats include cultivation, manufacturing and trafficking. Although there is and increasing trend in the price of Marijuana (cannabis) it is still much cheaper compared to other illicit drugs such as shabu and cocaine due to its availability in the market (PDEA, 2009). Cannabis appears to be price-inelastic in the short term, but fairly elastic over the longer term, presumably with such affordability drives individual to dwell an addiction of such prohibited drug. WHO advocated that the most rapid growth in cannabis abuse since the 1960s has been in developed countries in North America, Western Europe and Australia, half of all drug seizures worldwide are cannabis seizures. The geographical spread of those seizures is also global, covering practically every country of the world, an analysis of cannabis markets shows that low prices coincide with high levels of abuse, and vice versa (WHO, 2009). WHO proposed that though the number of cannabis consumers is greater than opiate and cocaine consumers, the lower prices of cannabis mean that, in economic terms, the cannabis market is much smaller than the opiate or cocaine market. Taking into consideration the reports of WHO it can be ruled out that due to the cheap cost of cannabis as hugely marketed worldwide everyone can afford to use it, there is greater possibility of access for such prohibited drug. A need is something people want or something that is lacking in comparison to others (Naidoo