TABLE OF CONTENTS PAGE 2. Acknowledgements 3. Dedication 4. Introduction and Background 5. Location 6. Problem Statement 7. Aims and Objectives 8. Methodology 9. Primary and Secondary Data 10. Limitations ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS DEDICATION INTRODUCTION “Since the beginning of time people have needed to find a way of disposing of their trash” (Bassis Luke). Proper garbage disposal is important to ensure everyone’s safety from possible health hazards. The improper waste disposal of garbage is a major sociological problem today due to its capability of contaminating the area in which we live and it’s potential to be lethal to all living things.
Its effects increase the risk of adverse health effects in humans and animals, causes damage to eco-systems and accelerate the destruction of our environment. The more waste we generate, the more we have to dispose of. Bauleni houses many people and businesses hence many foreign people come to the area and leave lot of litter. So to say, the residents are the ones that are responsible for cleaning the area. It is true that they do clean the area but the litter or garbage that is collected is not thrown away properly. BACKGROUND In 1998, Bauleni was declared an improvement Area.
Bauleni was a traditional village, which then transformed into an informal urban settlement. Bauleni was originally settled by farm workers after the owner of the farm left Mr. Bauleni, an ex farm worker, was unofficially in charge of the settlement. Then with the increase in population, the activities changed from agricultural to service based. Land for subsistence became scare. Alternative means of earning a living had to be found. The village was transformed to an informal settlement. After Mr. Bauleni’s death, the local party (UNIP) branch officials took over the management.
In 1990, HUZA, the Local Authority and the residents started upgrading the Bauleni area. HUZA became involved only after it became apparent that the government did not have sufficient resources and that its low cost housing initiatives would not resolve the housing problem. Within the upgrading the infrastructure and services provided include: storm drains, markets, clean water supply, improved sanitation, and education and health facilities. LOCATION PROBLEM STATEMENT The improvement in the standard of living of Bauleni residents has come with a stream of both negative and positive effects on the people and their environment.
This project focuses on the negative effect. Mainly that of improper garbage disposal and its impact on the environment and lives of the people. The improper waste disposal of the members of Bauleni compound causes threat to the health of their families and to the environment. The residents are not well aware of the effects that they may face in the future if they will not learn how to become responsible on their own trash, may be it from their own homes or from outside their house. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES AIMS Find out the causes, effects and opinions of the improper garbage disposal and the initiative taken by both the government and residents.
OBJECTIVES i. Investigate methods of disposal. ii. Investigate what hazards the improper methods of disposal have brought about. iii. Find out opinions of Bauleni residents. iv. Find out their proposals on solving the situation. v. Find out what has been done so far on the matter vi. Find out government involvement. METHODOLOGY The collection of data was done in two parts. Namely primary and secondary data. Primary data is the information which was obtained in the field. Secondary data on the other hand was that obtained from texts in books and a series of internet sites. PRIMARY DATA This was collected in the following ways . FIELD TRIP; I went to Bauleni on an individual trip to acquire the necessary first hand information on the garbage disposal. i. INTERVIEWS; I devised a questionnaire. The questionnaire covered the aims and objectives of the project. A total of 20 random individuals were interviewed. ii. OBSERVATIONS;I moved from the market place to the places of residence and observed the ways of the people in the two different environments. I observed the HUMAN INDUCED HAZARDS. iii. PHOTOGRAPHS; I also took a series of photographs. SECONDARY DATA The information written by other people was gathered and compiled.
LIMITATIONS Whilst in the field I encountered a number of hindrances. These include the following i. Communication was limited as most of the folk did not speak English. As I could not speak the language I had to ask a friend to translate for me. ii. Food was another setback. The places selling food were in a rather unsanitary state. There was stagnant water and swarms of flies. I preferred not to risk eating there and so went hungry. iii. There were no ablution facilities as well. After a certain point I was in a very bad state of discomfort. LITREATURE REVIEW CAUSES OF IMPROPER DISPOSAL
There is no one cause, but some contributing causes are: 1. Ignorance. Example: People throw mercury batteries in a fireplace and mercury fumes are given off. Mercury is toxic and may cause serious birth defects. many electronics stores will take back old batteries to be recycled. The normal alkaline battery is safe in the garbage. 2. Laziness. Example: People pour used motor oil down the storm sewer which drains into the local river. It should be taken to a service station that has oil recycling. 3. Greed. Example: Instead of paying to have an old roof taken to a landfill, a farmer burns the shingles at night causing air pollution.
What makes A&P” by John Updike a fine” story.
What makes A&P” by John Updike a fine” story..
What makes any one story fine? Select a story from our syllabus that exhibits those elements you consider essential in good fiction. Support your viewpoint with clearly stated, specific observations regarding the story you have selected. Your essay must demonstrate sufficient analysis to prove the point: the story is fine. Develop a thesis that can be stated in one or two sentences. Your thesis should indicate clearly and concisely the intention of your essay. Your thesis should encapsulate succinctly the point(s) you are attempting to elucidate. Remember to state your observations as assertions that you can support directly or indirectly from the primary material under discussion.
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