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Walden University Wk 4 Relationship of Independent and Dependent Variables Responses

Walden University Wk 4 Relationship of Independent and Dependent Variables Responses.

Respond to at least two colleagues by explaining how that colleague might rule out one of the confounding variables that they identified Be sure to use referencesDB 1—Vashantonia—Discussion: Selection of a Statistical Analysis ApproachAn outcome evaluation was completed on a vocational rehabilitation program developed for prison inmates that were recently paroled. A Chi-square research design was selected for this study. Sixty participants were selected with an intervention group consisting of 30 participants who received services from the program. The comparison group consisted of 30 participants who were placed on a waiting list. Researchers compared the employment results of the intervention group to the comparison group (Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S., 2014b). A total of 59 participants provided data to be entered into the SPSS system for statistical analysis.My interpretation of the study is that there was a considerable difference between the intervention group and the control group because the intervention group had a 40% higher full-time employment rate. There were some limitations to the study that led to the comparison group having a significantly lower number of participants that obtained full-time employment (Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S., 2014b).Factors limiting the internal validityTrochim, W.M.K., (2006), defines internal validity as the approximate truth about inferences regarding cause-effect or causal relationships. Internal validity is only relevant in studies that attempt to establish a causal relationship between two or more variables. There are factors that may raise doubt in that the independent variable may cause the results of the study. These factors must be considered when evaluating the internal validity of the study (Meltzoff, J., & Cooper, H., 2018). A factor that may limit the internal validity of the study is selection bias of the participants. There was not enough information provided to determine how the intervention group was selected. This may have contributed to selection bias in the study. ReferencesMeltzoff, J., & Cooper, H. (2018). Research designs and threats to internal validity. In Critical thinking about research: Psychology and related fields., 2nd ed. (pp. 97–116). American Psychological Association. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1037/000…Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen S. (Eds.). (2014b). Social work case studies: Concentration year. Baltimore, MD: Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].Trochim, W. M. K. (2006). Internal validity. Retrieved from http://www.socialresearchmethods.net/kb/intval.phpDB2—Ashley—Interpretation of the case study conclusion:In the case study, an outcome evaluation of a new vocational rehabilitation program for recently paroled prison inmates was conducted with the goal of the program being to facilitate maximum employment possible among participants. Results of the quasi-experimental research design found a difference between the intervention and comparison groups to be highly significant with the p value being .003 thus indicating that the vocational rehabilitation intervention program may be effective at promoting full-time employment among recently paroled inmates (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014b).Dudley (2020) notes there are three conditions that must be met for a causal relationship to be determined which are that the program intervention must precede clients’ improved outcomes, that there is an association found between the introduction of the intervention and the client’s improvement in their outcome measures, and claiming the cause of the client’s improvements is from the intervention. Due to the participants being recently paroled, it can be assumed they did not have stable employment, but evidence showed that the intervention preceded success in finding employment compared to those in the comparison group indicating there is an association between intervention and outcomes. In the case study, the above conditions were met through completion of a chi-square test that established significance.Factors limiting internal validity:Dudley (2020) discusses that internal validity address whether the intervention and no other factors are responsible for improvement in the outcome variable. Limitations were discussed in the study including no use of random assignment and a potential for differences to be associated with preexisting differences among the participants such as selection bias (Plummer, Makris, & Brocksen, 2014b). Other factors that could limit the internal validity include the length of time that the study was conducted over because if it were implemented over a longer period of time, the comparison group may not have such a large difference in employment status as they may independently find jobs during the wait period. Subject variability can also be an impacting factor as the sample size in the study was smaller, so patterns with different ethnic, age, and other subgroups may not have been examined. Resources:Dudley, J. R. (2020). Social work evaluation: Enhancing what we do (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. Plummer, S.-B., Makris, S., & Brocksen, S. (Eds.). (2014b). Social work case studies: Concentration year. Laureate International Universities Publishing. [Vital Source e-reader].
Walden University Wk 4 Relationship of Independent and Dependent Variables Responses

SOC 346 Albanian University Industrial Revolution Discussion

SOC 346 Albanian University Industrial Revolution Discussion.

Since the Industrial Revolution, technology has changed the way human life—and human work—has been organized. These changes have brought with them both huge hopes and great uncertainties about the future. Today, we are embarking on what some observers have coined the ‘Fourth Industrial Revolution,’ and it is thought that this revolution will impact society just as immensely as the first. This essay invites you to be a public sociologist, to consider these changes over time, and to propose solutions. While the first two parts of the question require you to refer specifically to class materials, the final component invites you to be creative in your assessment. Your response should be AT LEAST 1000 words, but probably more. First discuss the evolution of work since the Industrial Revolution, with a particular emphasis on Fordism and so-called Post-Fordism. What are the key characteristics/defining principles of each period? Be sure to consider how technology and automation have impacted the organization of work and the realities of workers. How have issues important to sociologists—for example, control, anomie, alienation, etc—changed or stayed the same over time? (~350 words)Second, although sociologists generally avoid conjectures and instead deal with what is measurable, some thinkers are beginning to engage with the elephant in the room—AI and its potential impact on the future of work. Discuss some of the arguments regarding AI. Imagine the impact AI will have on work and society in both the short term and the long term? Essentially you should unpack the question: should we really be worried about AI? (~350 words)Finally, it doesn’t take too much of a stretch of the imagination to observe a world in which work is becoming increasingly less secure and social inequalities are growing. Consider what can be done to prepare society for a future with AI while reducing inequalities and the wealth gap. If you do believe we are heading towards a post-work world, consider what impact this might have on individuals and society at large and what measures can be taken to prepare us for such a reality. If you believe that the impact of AI will be similar to previous revolutions in work and that people will simply migrate into new, yet unimagined jobs, consider what this might look like and how we can best prepare the future for this transition. In either case, consider how our valuation of work might have to change to accommodate such a transformation? (~350 words)In proposing solutions, it might help to think about the various levels of addressing these issues—such as the individual level, the corporate level, the local community level, the nation-state level, and the global level (obviously you don’t have to consider all of these, but it is likely possible action at each level would differ). Who bears the bulk of the responsibility for preparing us for the future of work?NOTE: This essay should possess all the components of a formal college essay. In other words, be sure to develop and clearly state your argument in the introduction.Key termsPost-FordismFlexibilityNeo-taylorismThe precariatSharing economyPlatform economy
SOC 346 Albanian University Industrial Revolution Discussion

Environmental Studies: the Florida Everglades Report

essay writing help Environmental Studies: the Florida Everglades Report. The Everglades are a known wetland ecosystem that starts from the central part of Florida, near Orlando and reaches all the way to the south of Florida Bay. The territory is surrounded by human development; this is why the evaluation of this ecosystem’s structure, functions, and possible changes is an important step that has to be taken. The current paper aims at discussing the most crucial functional and structural dynamics of the Florida Everglades, analyzing human impact on biochemical cycles, such as nitrogen, carbon, and phosphorus, and studying management and restoration details of the chosen ecosystem. Functions and Structure In 1947, the dedication of the Everglades National Park took place. It was one of the first times when a huge piece of the wilderness was protected by the government due to its inhabitants and the unique diversity of life, but not to its scientific value. The last century was very productive for the ecosystem as it was partitioned in “different land uses of agriculture, water conservation, urban development and biodiversity conservation” (GundersonEnvironmental Studies: the Florida Everglades Report

Temple College Inaccuracy of Polls Reflective Journal

Temple College Inaccuracy of Polls Reflective Journal.

Reflective Journal 3OverviewWrite a 1-page journal entry (approximately 250 words) in which you:Explain if polls are an accurate assessment of public opinion. Cite a recent poll to support your claim. How can polls sway public opinion? Does the overabundance of accessible information lead to inaccurate polls? Why or why not?Complete the page/word amount requirement. Write with clarity, following mechanics and formatting requirements.RequirementsYour assignment must follow these formatting requirements:This course requires the use of Strayer Writing Standards. For assistance and information, please refer to the Strayer Writing Standards link in the left-hand menu of your course. Include a source page and a cover page containing the title of the assignment, your name, your professor’s name, the course title, and the date. A Journal Sample [PDF] has been provided for your reference. The source page and cover page are not included in the required assignment page length.
Temple College Inaccuracy of Polls Reflective Journal

MDC Wk 8 Investigation Process of The Outbreak of A Communicable Disease Discussion

MDC Wk 8 Investigation Process of The Outbreak of A Communicable Disease Discussion.

Read chapters 14 and 15 of the class textbook and review the PowerPoint presentations located in the PowerPoint folder. Once done answer the following questions.1.Discuss the process implemented in the investigation of the outbreak of a communicable disease.2.Discuss the difference between infectious and communicable diseases. Give one example of each one.3.Identify the factors that influence the emerging and reemerging of infectious diseases4.Identify and describe a recent emerging and reemerging infectious diseases from the global perspective. (I know every is going to describe COVID 19 for the emerging).As stated in the syllabus present your assignment in an APA format word documentA minimum of 3 evidence-based references no older than 5 years must be usedA minimum of 900 words without counting the first and last page.
MDC Wk 8 Investigation Process of The Outbreak of A Communicable Disease Discussion

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