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Walden University W9 The Problem Solving Model and Theoretical Orientation Assignment Paper

Walden University W9 The Problem Solving Model and Theoretical Orientation Assignment Paper.

The problem-solving model was first laid out by Helen Perlman. Her seminal 1957 book, Social Casework: A Problem-Solving Process, described the problem-solving model and the 4Ps. Since then, other scholars and practitioners have expanded the problem-solving model and problem-solving therapy. At the heart of problem-solving model and problem-solving therapy is helping clients identify the problem and the goal, generating options, evaluating the options, and then implementing the plan. Because models are blueprints and are not necessarily theories, it is common to use a model and then identify a theory to drive the conceptualization of the client’s problem, assessment, and interventions. Take, for example, the article by Westefeld and Heckman-Stone (2003). Note how the authors use a problem-solving model as the blueprint in identifying the steps when working with clients who have experienced sexual assault. On top of the problem-solving model, the authors employed crisis theory, as this theory applies to the trauma of going through sexual assault. Observe how, starting on page 229, the authors incorporated crisis theory to their problem-solving model. In this Final Case Assignment, using the same case study that you chose in Week 2, you will use the problem-solving model AND a theory from the host of different theoretical orientations you have used for the case study. Tiffani Bradley is the case study that needs to be used. You will prepare a PowerPoint presentation consisting of 11 to 12 slides, and provide a script for the PowerPoint presentation To prepare: Review and focus on the case study that you chose in Week 2.-Tiffani Bradley Review the problem-solving model, focusing on the five steps of the problem-solving model formulated by D’Zurilla on page 388 in the textbook. In addition, review this article listed in the Learning Resources: Westefeld, J. S., & Heckman-Stone, C. (2003). The integrated problem-solving model of crisis intervention: Overview and application. The Counseling Psychologist, 31(2), 221–239. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1177/001…
Walden University W9 The Problem Solving Model and Theoretical Orientation Assignment Paper

In this paper, you will make an arguable claim that is supported by credible evidence. A sound argument is different from an opinion. An opinion is a belief that lacks a basis in logic or factual evidence. Instead, for this paper, you will use the writing process to form a position on your chosen topic, an argument that is based on logic and factual evidence found through research. So, instead of starting with an opinion and finding sources, you start with sources and use them to form a position. An argumentative essay asks you to take a stand on an issue, support it with persuasion, reasons, and evidence, and to address the opposition’s position. To accomplish this goal, you will research and investigate your topic by building a source list that represents credible, scholarly, authoritative voices. You must responsibly integrate and discuss these perspectives into your writing, demonstrating how they either support or go against your own argument. All claims should be backed up by sources, whether quoted directly, summarized, or paraphrased. Organization Tips: Begin with an introduction that builds readers’ interest in the topic and ends with a concise thesis statement that makes an arguable claim about a problem. This is the foundation on which you will build your argument. The subsequent paragraphs should give evidence from scholarly sources that prove the claim. Those body paragraphs should include a topic sentence that encompasses a single aspect of your argument that you will write about in that paragraph only. Remember, paragraphs are like containers, and each container can only hold one subtopic. Each paragraph’s topic sentence needs to be backed up with evidence and be tied back to the thesis. You must also acknowledge oppositional points by incorporating and refuting counterarguments. Don’t forget a conclusion that summarizes the argument, emphasizes its importance, makes a call to action, and/or looks to future implications. No new information should be introduced in the conclusion. The approach to this can be in a style you find makes sense for your subject. There are handouts to guide your set-up here Download here. IMPORTANT POINT: Although your focus may shift, you are continuing to write about the same topic from the Expository Essay. If, for any reason, you feel you need to change topics, reach out to your instructor to discuss.

Writer’s Choice Essay

Assignment 1. In step one you are to identify the ethical concern(s) 2. In step two of the PREPARE model, you are asked to investigate the variables involved including the problems, ethical principles, people, person’s role, and agency involvement. Each of these should be addressed. As you do so, identify the social work ethical principle in which you are addressing. 3. In step 4 and 5, you are asked to choose an ethical decision-making screener. You should answer all of the questions associated with the screener. 4. In steps 6 and 7 you are asked to think about alternatives to pursue and weigh out the pros and cons of each. 5. In step 8 you are asked to provide the decision of how you would manage the two primary ethical concerns (referencing the code of ethics). Attached is the case study, Gay for Pay, to read and base the answers off of. Also, the NASW Code of Ethics that will be attached and need to be referenced. NASW Code of Ethics Site: https://www.socialworkers.org/About/Ethics/Code-of-Ethics/Code-of-Ethics-English. What is an Ethical Dilemma? reference material. https://www.socialworker.com/feature-articles/ethics-articles/What_Is_an_Ethical_Dilemma?/.

Importance of Sex Education in Schools

online assignment help Sex is a really complex topic to talk about, though it has both harmful effects and beneficial side effects that can help with the health of the body. “young people often do not know what they are getting into when they have premarital sex”. Sexual activities are more common within teenagers from ages as early as 14 to 18 years, this could be because of trying to be popular in high school or simply because individuals feel left out from friends and to maintain that man chain with friends. Worst case scenario is because individuals try to forget previews relationships that had a tough breakup by using other individuals who are willing to accept and help a friend, because at the end of the road is where ‘true friends are reveled’. Although, pregnancy is more common around high school students because they tend to have crazy hormones and are not familiar on how to talk about it with an adult or to simply ask their parents about an advice. Thought parents take time and effort trying to reinforced that connection with their children about topic that they need to be getting ready to learn and know. “parents want their children to be well informed about sex, sexual health and relationships; however, they want to be kept informed about school program” High School teenagers are more common to have sexual activities throughout school than any other school grade, this being because of the benefits that this particular activity provides. Today in society we have all this smart phones and technology that we use in our daily lives and nothing stop us from logging into the internet and search anything we want the answer to, in this case what most teenagers will search. What are the benefits of having sexual relationships? And what are side effects after performing this activity. Most of us as teenagers are scared or might not have a fully understandable relationship with our parents to the point that we can’t ask them information about how to have save sex? Or When would be the best time to do it? And what are the things couples need to consider when they are about to move on to the next phase in their lives. However, the majority of us depend on our buddies and we know the common word (hook up) because we all want to know more specific information about having sex with loved ones. Though the lack of communication is making teenagers have more curiosity and having crazy hormones towards wanting to do something but not knowing how to prevent it which leads to the next phase of having sex at an early age. Most teenagers have a partner that they handout with and they enjoy being with, which makes them be more active and interact with them in all kinds of perspectives because they want to know each other more and give each other all they can possibly give. Further into this topic (sex) we know that pregnancy can be prevented, though sometimes males are scared to buy protection at local stores and gas stations because they feel like they are going to be misjudge by either cashiers or other members in the stores. Therefore, they take the risk of having unprotected sex with may lead into a pregnancy the first time of having sex. Their loved one which might lead to pregnancy and any other disease transmissions while performing inner course. Having a pregnancy while in high school, makes it more challenging for students to continue with their academics because now they will need to be taking care of the new baby and working will need to be a responsibility in order for the couple and the baby to maintain a healthy life. Though throughout all of this new responsibilities, academics must still take place in order for that individual to graduate by the designated date. Is going to be tough and challenging to make this tough responsibility and keep moving forward, because to maintain a good stable status in high school and maintain a well-paid job to support the new pregnant couple is going to require a lot of patience and commitment towards choosing what is going to be best for both the baby and the teenage mom. “Teenagers haven’t done enough in their lives to be having children”. Many teenagers only because they have a good stable job that takes care of them financially and maybe a car to be able to more around places is not all the requirements that a couple should have. Instead of just having money for on they will need to be able to afford the baby’s lifestyle which will require a lot of patient in the first place and also money to buy the food and all then nutrients the baby needs as well as the appointments with the doctor. Having a baby is not only a gift from god but it can be such a distraction while going to school and one thing that parents need to bring to the baby are diapers, wipers, clothes, towels, and all of their attention while there are baby’s because they cannot be taking care of themselves and they can’t depend on themselves, instead they referee to their parent by crying and showing them what they want because as baby’s they cannot communicate and they won’t be able to do independent stuff. Choosing the wrong choice whether it is for not having a close communication with the parents, or not being taught and not buying protection because of what people say. Simply to forget another relationship, this could lead to no good because not being in love or comfortable with the other individual the relationship is not going to be good; instead if they end up together because of a pregnancy this will only keep the couple together because of the baby itself and not because the couple want to be together and raise the baby together. All of this topics are highly common in teenagers and no matter which one it is at the end a baby is going to change everything, and is up to the new parents of the unborn baby to choose what is going to be best not just for them but most importantly for the baby. Because of his/her innocence they don’t know what is good or bad and is up to the new parentages to take their free time and apply it to all to their new baby. (Often, teens don’t get prenatal care soon enough, which can lead to problems later on) this problem can be because of not having back up information about how to take care of themselves and thinking about the consequences before taking action to what they might regret later in life, as well as they can ask other grown-ups if the connection with their parents is weak. This results can lead to a more responsible and knowledgeable teenager, only by having that back grown knowledge can help prevent so many things while having any kind of sexual activities. Websites Dye, Bruce A. “Teenage Pregnancy | Teen Pregnancy | MedlinePlus.” MedlinePlus Trusted Health Information for You. U.S National Library or Medicine, 11 Aug. 2016. Web. 09 Mar. 2017. . Smith, Adam. “Pregnancy Quotes.” BrainyQuote. Xplore, 1 Jan. 2001. Web. 09 Mar. 2017. . Gisel. “Our Health, Our Futures – Sexual Issues – Teen Pregnancy, P. 6 – Quotes.” Our Health, Our Futures – Sexual Issues – Teen Pregnancy, P. 6 – Quotes. Mary Robb Teague, 1 Jan. 2000. Web. 09 Mar. 2017. . Dyson, Sue. “Review: Parents and Sex Education.” The Journal of Educational Sociology 8.6 (1935): 381. Department of Health. La Trobe University, 2010. Web. 09 Mar. 2017. “The Only 12 Things You Really Need for a Baby.” Scary Mommy. N.p., 20 Nov. 2016. Web. 09 Mar. 2017. .

Yellowstone National Park Discussion Post

Yellowstone National Park Discussion Post.

Citing information from at least two sources, one of which must be the National Park Service, post a 100-300 word about one of the sixteen national parks listed below.Acadia NP-Maine Glacier NP-Montana Arches NP-Utah Grand Canyon NP-Arizona Badlands NP-South Dakota Grand Teton NP-Wyoming Big Bend NP-Texas Great Smokey Mountains NP-Tennessee Bryce Canyon NP-Utah Rocky Mountain NP, ColoradoCrater Lake NP-Oregon Yellowstone NP-WyomingDeath Valley NP-California Yosemite NP-CaliforniDenali NP-Alaska Zion NP-UtahDescribe the unique geologic features of the park and why some (or all) of them could be considered natural hazards. What precautions does the National Park Service take to protect the public from injury and harm? What do you personally find intriguing or fascinating about the national park?
Yellowstone National Park Discussion Post

A Comparison Analysis of Poverty in the US

Introduction Poverty for centuries has been a very severe issue that has troubled many nations while impeding economic developments and progress. Poverty stricken countries are majorly concentrated in the continents of Africa and Asia. Continents like the Americas and Europe have globally been recognized as being wealthier yet still many parts of these ostensible countries face massive cases of poverty. According to Merriam Webster Dictionary, poverty is the state of one who lacks a usual or socially acceptable amount of money or material possessions (Merriam Webster Dictionary, 2019). The official poverty line is based on what the federal government considers to be the minimum amount of money required for living at a subsistence level (Kendall, 2014). Moving forward with that, absolute poverty is when people do not have the means to secure the most basic necessities of life (Kendall, 2014). Relative poverty is when people may be able to afford basic necessities but are still unable to maintain an average standard of living (Kendall, 2014). As of 2018, there are currently 2,987 million people living in Mississippi. Of those 2,987 million people, 571,219 (21.5%) are living in poverty (Center for American Progress, 2019). Of those 571, 219 people, 19.8% contributed to the amount of people who had incomes below the poverty line (Center for American Progress, 2019). Children who are under the age of 18 in related families who had incomes below the poverty line is at a staggering 26.7% (Center for American Progress, 2019). The percentage of working- age women who had incomes below the poverty line is 21.1% (Center for American Progress, 2019). The percentage of working- age men who had incomes below the poverty line is 15.5% (Center for American Progress, 2019). In regards to race and ethnicity, 36.1% are Native American, 31.3% are African American, 21.6% are Latino, 17.2% are Asian American and 12.1% are White, all suffering from poverty (Center for American Progress, 2019). It has been seen that African Americans face tremendous amounts of poverty in Mississippi. Wage gaps are greater for African Americans, particularly women, as opposed to Whites (Hill, 2008). They earned only 69% of what African-American women earned nationally, and only 52% of what white men in the state earned (Hill, 2008). Attaining education for African Americans is a struggle. Twenty-three percent of black women hold managerial and professional jobs, but only 11% of black men (Hill, 2008). Income distribution and home ownership is slowly sinking for African Americans. Nationally, the net worth of the median black household was only about $10,700 or 10% of the median for whites (Hill, 2008). African Americans face the most challenges in Mississippi which increases their chances for absolute poverty. As of 2018, there are currently over 41 million people living in Sudan, Africa (Frett, 2018). Of those 41 million, almost half of them are living in poverty, approximately 46.5% (Frett, 2018). According to the Human Development Report, Sudan ranked as the 169th poorest country among 177. It also places it 61st among the 77 least developed nations in the world (Frett, 2018). According to the United States Agency for International Development, about 7.1 million people in Sudan are currently in need of humanitarian assistance, while 5.5 million experience food insecurity and are in danger of starvation (Frett, 2018). As well as, around 32 percent of Sudanese children are chronically malnourished (Frett, 2018). According to the United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund, 3.2 million people were internally displaced, including almost 1.9 million children in 2016 (Fret, 2018). Furthermore, in 2015, maternal mortality rate involved 311 deaths per 100,000 live births while the mortality rate for children was 65.1 deaths per 1,000 live births (Frett, 2018). Men, women, and children are affected by these increasingly high statistics. Soil erosion, recurrent droughts, desertification, fuel shortages, currency depreciation, lack of natural resources, food shortages and high inflation levels all contribute to the issue of poverty. The limited size of landholdings, low productivity rates and inability to increase incomes prevent farmers from food production. More than half of the Sudanese people live on less than $1 a day (Frett, 2018). Lack of domestic water supplies are other hindrances for crop cultivation. To avoid these conditions, people have fled from Sudan to the Nile River (Frett, 2018). Source of income, gender, education, head of household, food insecurity, and unemployment all play a vital role in the issue of poverty. The National Baseline Household survey revealed that the most important sources of income for Sudan households are agriculture (40 percent), wage and salaries (31 percent), self-employment (16 percent), and other sources (14 percent) (International Monetary Fund, 2013). Among the small number of households headed by women (17.3 percent) the incidence of poverty is marginally lower (44.2 percent) compared to households headed by men, with an incidence rate of 47.15 percent (International Monetary Fund, 2013). Forty-five percent of the heads of households have had no formal education. The risk of being poor correlates highly with the level of education of the main provider. Households in which the main provider does not have an education make up 60 percent of all poor households compared to only 9 percent where the main provider has a higher education (International Monetary Fund, 2013). Food deprivation is higher in female-headed households (37 percent) than in male-headed households (31 percent) due to better education and higher income in male-headed households (International Monetary Fund, 2013). Unemployment has increased from 11.1 percent in 1993 to 16.8 percent in 2008 (International Monetary Fund, 2013). Unemployment rates are also higher for females than males, at 24.7 percent compared to 13.9 percent. Labor participation rates are very low, which might indicate that many unemployed people are discouraged from looking for jobs because of the reality of high unemployment (International Monetary Fund, 2013). Consideration of the validity of the comparison I chose Mississippi and Sudan because they are relatively the poorest places in the entire world. I did my research and Mississippi and Sudan kept coming up. I have only ever heard of Sudan a few time in my life, so I thought it would be interesting to discuss. Mississippi is one of those “loner” states. You do not ever hear much about it, so shedding some light on it could be beneficial. Mississippi is located in the Northern Hemisphere with a temperate climate zone at 30 degrees and 34 degrees north latitude. Mississippi is also located in the western hemisphere with a longitude ranging from 88 to 91 degrees west (Hutson, 2017). The combination of latitude and longitude coordinates gives the state its absolute location. Mississippi is bordered on the east by Alabama, by Tennessee on the north, by Louisiana and the Gulf of Mexico to the south, and by the Mississippi River on the west (Hutson, 2017). It ranks number 32 in size among the states of the United States and lies in the geographic center of the Gulf South (Hutson, 2017). Physical characteristics of the state include a humid subtropical climate with an average annual temperature of 62 degrees Fahrenheit (the ninth warmest state in the union) and an average annual precipitation of around 52 inches (Hutson, 2017). Another telling physical statistic is that Mississippi averages more than 220 frost-free days a year (Hutson, 2017). The state often experiences natural hazards such as thunderstorms, tornadoes, floods, and hurricanes (Hutson, 2017). Mississippi’s economy should maintain its relatively slow but steady growth in 2018. A stronger U.S. economy has lifted Mississippi economy to some degree (Miller, 2018). Mississippi has a low threshold and is ranked 45/50 states for labor market freedom (Mississippi Department of Employment Security, 2016). Mississippi has the lowest per capita income but has the lowest cost of living (Mississippi Department of Employment Security, 2016). The unemployment rate is at 5%, the inflation rate is at 3%, and the GDP is at $33,558 (Mississippi Department of Employment Security, 2016). Throughout the 20th century, the economy was primarily focused on the development of the state’s agricultural areas (Evans, 2017). These include cotton, corn, and soybeans (Evans, 2017). Also, Mississippi is the world’s largest producer of pond-raised catfish (Evans, 2017). Mississippians residences consist of one to three houses, occupied by members of a single or extended family (Illinois State Museum, 2018). Hamlets are larger, consisting of ten or so buildings housing 40 to 50 people. A hamlet may be home to more than one family group (Illinois State Museum, 2018). The Mississippian diet consisted of a mix of cultivated and wild food. White tailed deer is an important source of food (Illinois State Museum, 2018). They eat small animals such as rabbit, beaver, and muskrat (Illinois State Museum, 2018). An important source of protein for Mississippians is fish (Illinois State Museum, 2018). They eat fruits such as plums, and blackberries (Illinois State Museum, 2018). Mississippians eat certain types of nuts like acorns and walnuts (Illinois State Museum, 2018). They eat goosefoot and sunflower plants. Mississippians are known as skilled hunters (Illinois State Museum, 2018). Some of the Mississippians art work is bauxite figurines, incised shell gorgets, capes of carved shell beads, and masks with copper overlay (Illinois State Museum, 2018). The history of Mississippi is complex. In 1718, the first shipment of slaves arrived (Ferguson, 2019). In 1724, the Black Code was initiated (Ferguson, 2019). In 1798, the first territorial governor was now American territory (Ferguson, 2019). In 1801, the second state of territorial government was put into place (Ferguson, 2019). In 1812, the War began (Ferguson, 2019). In 1817, Mississippi becomes the 20th state in the United States (Ferguson, 2019). In 1821, the first public school opens (Ferguson, 2019). In 1848, the school for the blind was established (Ferguson, 2019). Mississippi was the first state who supported the institution for the handicapped (Ferguson, 2019). In 1863, slavery was finally abolished (Ferguson, 2019). In 1870, public education was established (Ferguson, 2019). In 1929, the Depression began (Ferguson, 2019). In 1964, the Civil Rights Act was established to end segregation in public places (Ferguson, 2019). In 1969, the unitary system of public education was mandated by the federal courts which ended segregation in public schools (Ferguson, 2019). In 1979, procedures were initiated to provide equal education for handicapped children in public schools (Ferguson, 2019). In 2006, sex offender names and faced were placed on roadside billboards for everyone to see (Ferguson, 2019). In 2012, Governor Haley Barbour issued full pardons to 208 inmates (Ferguson, 2019). Of those 208 inmates, 14 of them were convicted murders (Ferguson, 2019). Throughout history and up to present day, Mississippi has endured a handful of tornadoes and hurricanes (Ferguson, 2019). Mississippi operates as a presidential republic system (Clark, 2017). Mississippi has a governor, lieutenant governor, a secretary of state, an attorney general, a state auditor, a state treasurer, a commissioner of agriculture, and a commissioner of insurance (Clark, 2017). Sudan is Africa’s largest country (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). It consists of a huge plain bordered on three sides by mountains (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). The Nile River is the most common body water in Sudan (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Sudan is divided by three regions (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). January through March is typically their dry season, little to no rainfall occurs (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). April is when heavy rain and thunderstorms occur (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). May and June are the warmest months in Sudan (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Sudan is the 166th freest economy in the world (Michigan State University, 2019). That is low on the list considering there are about 200 altogether (Michigan State University, 2019). They are 41st out of 47 in regards to labor market freedom (Michigan State University, 2019). That score is below regional and world averages (Michigan State University, 2019). Their unemployment rate is at 12%, inflation is at 32%, and their GDP is at $187 billion (Michigan State University, 2019). The economy is not growing as of now. The main agriculture sources for Sudan are cotton and oil (Michigan State University, 2019). Traditionally, the focus for Sudanese people has been the local village or nomadic community (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). These relatively small communities are made up of extended families (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Whether in rural or urban society, the woman’s world has been largely domestic and the man’s world public (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Usually a family leader is a respected elder (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Sudan is the region with the most colorful and diversified food (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). The primary food that is known throughout Sudan is a type of bread known as Kissra (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Kissra is made of durra or corn (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Sudan’s stews are made up of dried meat, dried onions, spices and peanut butter (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Two well-known stews are dried ocra and Ni’aimiya (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Sudanese people eat a specific type of porridge known as Asseeda (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Asseeda is made with wheat, flour, or corn (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Meals are eaten around a large, communal tray (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Their beverages are basically made from fruit (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Some of the popular beverages are Tabaldi, Aradaib, Karkadai and Guddaim (Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan, 2019). Sudan has an eventful timeline of events. In 1956, Sudan gained independence (Larson, 2019). In 1998, the United States launches a missile attack one of Sudan’s chemical plants (Larson, 2019). Also in 1998, a new constitution was enacted (Larson, 2019). In 2001, hunger and famine in Sudan affects 3 million people (Larson, 2019). Also in 2001, the Nile River floods leavings thousands of people homeless (Larson, 2019). In 2002, the government attacks SPLA (Larson, 2019). In 2004, the United Nation officer report that systematic killings on villagers is taking place (Larson, 2019). In 2007, violence and killings continues in Sudan. The conflict is in reality a genocide and is still considered the worst humanitarian disaster in the world (Larson, 2019). In 2010, Sudan holds its first national elections in over 20 years (Larson, 2019). Sudan has a prime minister and chief of state (Michigan State University, 2019). The chief of state is known as the president. Sudan’s government is a federal republic (Michigan State University, 2019). Mississippi and Sudan are vastly different. The one issue they have in common is poverty. Both are suffering tremendously. Also, their climates are different, but vital to the issue of poverty because during the dry season, farmers are unable to grow crops. Furthermore, when people are living so close together, it is much more difficult to fight off infectious diseases. Current Social Policy Responses Bill H.R. 2055 was introduced into the House of Representatives by Representative James Clyburn to provide an increased allocation of funding under certain programs for assistance in persistent poverty counties, and for other purposes (H.R. 2055, 2019). Through the Investment Encouragement Act, the government offered generous incentives to domestic and foreign investors to invest in agriculture, manufacturing and services, with a view to increasing growth and employment (Ahmed, 2015). The Act aims to encourage investment in projects that achieve the national strategy, development plans and investment initiatives of Sudanese and non- Sudanese private sector, as well as cooperative, mixed and public sector, rehabilitation and expansion in investment projects (Ahmed, 2015). Potential Remedies ChildFund is working in Mississippi to fight child poverty and ensure that children in need have the opportunity to live healthy and happy lives (Spence, 2013). ChildFund is an organization working to help deprived, excluded, and vulnerable children rise up out of poverty (Spence, 2013). Last year, we helped equip the North Delta Youth Development Center in Lambert, Mississippi, with new books, educational tools and Internet access, giving local children a safe place to learn and play (Spence, 2013). We also helped the center create a local Parent Education and Mentoring Project (Spence, 2013). By providing Mississippi residents with this type of support, Mississippians are able to see light being shed on the issue of poverty (Spence, 2013). Housed at the University of Mississippi, The North Mississippi VISTA Project focuses on fighting poverty through education (Claverie, 2018). The missions range from adult literacy to arts enrichment (Claverie, 2018). The Edwards Fellowship Center has a food pantry that provides food to the 23 percent of Mississippi residents who are food insecure because they do not have the money or access to good quality food (Claverie, 2018). In addition to the food pantry, the Edwards Fellowship Center also provides health care to those who do not have insurance (Claverie, 2018).This health care includes filling prescriptions, medical tests and doctor appointments (Claverie, 2018). The Community Development Fund (CDF) funded by the donor community has supported projects identified and implemented by poor communities in 4 states of Northern Sudan. Notable progress has been made with these projects (Ahmed, 2015). The Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper is working towards reducing poverty in Sudan (International Monetary Fund, 2013). The 3-Year Salvation Economic Program (SEP) is an emergency plan to deal with the adjustment to new political and economic realities following the decision of the South to secede (International Monetary Fund, 2013). The IPRSP will help to fine tune the preparation and implementation of the SEP and a new 5-year Plan, and provide a foundation for the full PRSP (International Monetary Fund, 2013). The strategy has the potential to pull on Sudan’s natural resources, the neighborhoods of wealthy countries to the north, Foreign Direct Investments and to build partnerships (International Monetary Fund, 2013). References An Act Targeting Resources to Communities in Need. H.R. 2055. 116th Cong. 2019. Ahmed, N. (2015). Fighting Poverty in Sudan. Retrieved from http://www.iariw.org/egypt2015/nuha-ahmed.pdf Center for American Progress. (2018). Mississippi Report – 2018. Retrieved from https://talkpoverty.org/state-year-report/mississippi-2018-report/ Clark, E. (2017). The Government of Mississippi: How it Functions. Retrieved from http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/articles/276/government-of-mississippi-how-it-functions Claverie, C. (2018). Poverty in Mississippi: What’s being done about it? The Student Printz. http://www.studentprintz.com/poverty-in-mississippi-whats-being-done-about-it/ Embassy of the Republic of the Sudan. (2019). About Sudan, History of the Sudan, The Sudanese Family Life, Sudanese Food. Retrieved from http://www.sudanembassy.org/index.php/about-sudan-sp-942178989 Evans, L. (2017). Why is Mississippi’s economy still lagging? Retrieved from https://www.clarionledger.com/story/opinion/columnists/2017/09/30/why-mississippis-economy-still-lagging/714702001 Ferguson, J. (2019). Mississippi History Timeline. Retrieved from http://www.ereferencedesk.com/resources/state-history-timeline/mississippi.html Frett, C. (2018). Top 10 Facts about Poverty in Sudan. Retrieved from https://borgenproject.org/top-10-facts-about-poverty-in-sudan/ Government. (2019). Retrieved from https://www.ms.gov/State Hill, M. (2008). Solving the Poverty Problem in Mississippi. Retrieved from http://www.mississippi.edu/urc/downloads/solvingpoverty_problem.pdf Hutson, M. (2017). The Geography of Mississippi. Retrieved from http://mshistorynow.mdah.state.ms.us/index.php?id=295 Illinois State Museum. (2000). All about Mississippi. Retrieved from http://www.museum.state.il.us/muslink/nat_amer/pre/htmls/m_food.html Index of Economic Freedom. (2019). Sudan. Retrieved from https://www.heritage.org/index/country/sudan International Monetary Fund. (2013). Interim Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper. Retrieved from https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2013/cr13318.pdf Kendall, D. E. (2014). Sociology in our times: The essentials (Vol. 9th). Belmont, CA: Wadsworth, Cengage Learning. Larson, G. (2019). Brief History of South Sudan. Retrieved from https://www.waterforsouthsudan.org/brief-history-of-south-sudan Michigan State University. (2019). Sudan: Government. Retrieved from https://globaledge.msu.edu/countries/sudan/government Miller, C. (2018). Overview and Outlook for Mississippi’s Economy. Retrieved from http://www.mississippi.edu/urc/downloads/presentations/econ_oview_10-18.pdf Mississippi Department of Employment Security. (2016). An In-Depth Look at Mississippi’s Economy. Retrieved from https://mdes.ms.gov/media/100392/reflections2016.pdf Poverty. 2019. In Merriam-Webster.com. Retrieved July 15th, 2019, from https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/poverty. Spence, C. (2013). Fighting Poverty in Mississippi. Retrieved from https://www.childfund.org/Content/NewsDetail/2147489344/ The World Bank Group. (2016). Sudan – Community Development Fund. Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/103601474940821044/Sudan-Community-Development-Fund

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