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Vodafone Market Environment Analysis

The Market Environment and Market Analysis Abstract: In this context trends of PESTL forces impacting Vodafone in Australia is discussed. Here we have given political trend of rules and regulations imposed by government and the level of output which Vodafone increase as a response to it. In Economic force the level of inflation has been discussed which is impacting Vodafone business overseas and the pricing strategy which Vodafone has changed as a response to it. Also socially population trends have been discussed where the working efficiency and pay outs measures have taken by Vodafone management. In technological forces, new avenues and mansions have been looked upon as to drive out initiatives and as a response Vodafone invested amount in research and development technologies to reduce costs of services and achieving level of potential output. Lastly, in legal forces they are enough competent that they need not to be afraid of any threats. Here Telstra in Australia provide a challenge to Telco (subsidiary of Vodafone) for its superfast 4G network where Vodafone is calm on this action and concentrating their attention to more non Vodafone customers. Also we have given a brief study about Macroeconomics which is study of aggregate demand and aggregate supply. All the PESTL forces have been clarified efficiently. How these political, social, socio cultural, economic and legal forces affects any business, what are the factors which needs to be considered at the time of taking care of these forces which will not push them into wastage of potential resources.. Introduction: Vodafone is a leading organization in telecommunication all over the world. In Australia its subsidiary company Telco is providing services in the same industry. We have discussed about Vodafone business environment in our case, how it has been affected by the forces of macro environment and how they have overcome these trends of the forces. We have explained Macro environment on a whole and aggregate basis with its PESTL forces factors, These PESTL forces are Political force, Economical force, Socio Cultural force, Technological force, Legal force. These forces have several trends which affects market and business operations directly if they have not taken care on time. Here we have discussed each of the forced trends how they have affected Vodafone. Further we have explained the measures to overcome these trends if considered. The case is followed by conclusions regarding Vodafone impact in Australia and the strategy they have to choose to enable smooth and strengthen economy. Macro Economics: Macro economics deals with modern explanations of national income and employment. Macroeconomics dates back when economist explained prosperity and depression centers on the total or aggregate demand for goods and services by consumers, business investors and governments. Because inadequate aggregate demand increases unemployment, the indicated cure is either more investment by businesses or more spending and consequently larger budget deficits by government. (Investopedia, 2013). Macro environment includes some factors popularly known as PESTL forces, these are discussed as below: Political forces: The political factors are always been a keen player in revolving and involving the policies and frameworks of the industries. They impact in huge to the capacity to spend of customers. We should consider the following factors: Whether the environment is politically stable, what influence did the government rules, regulations and policies play, Trade agreements prepared by government for the country, Rebate and taxation policies framed by government in the nation. Economic forces: These are the factors which directly influence the revenues earned in short and long run processes. It targets the following: Gross domestic product, confidence of consumers and rate of interest is considered. The levels of spending, savings and income are fairly noticed. Inflation levels and vacancies are emphasized. BOT and BOP and exchange rates also have to give consideration. Socio cultural forces: These forces affect business socially and consider the following aspects. Values, religion, attitude, beliefs and culture of the society need to be considered. Trends related to population, composition of household sectors. Marriage and divorce trends need to be emphasized. Standards of living and health and ethnicity should be followed as caring for society. Technological forces: These forces influences the change applied in the industries related to technological developments and affects the level of competition exists in the industry. Cost reduction by using new technologies, quality of products used, innovations can be made by using the new advancements and removing the obsolete technologies. Technologies are also able to improve the level of communications and the channels of distributions efficiently. Legal forces: These forces influence any organization vitally and crucially. Any organization should be very definite related to laws and regulation of the economy which they are working. If not considered properly severe adverse affects can be faced and the challenges occurred may imply legal consequences which will again degrade the reputation of the company. These legal forces mainly concentrate on the laws of following factors: Laws framed by regulatory bodies like Advertising Standards Bureau. All of the legal regulatory compliances followed by industries. (Business, 2013). Trends of the forces: The trends of PESTL forces in macro environment which will impact Vodafone in next 12 months are as follows: In Political forces – Influence of government policies, laws and regulations will affect, In Economic forces – Level of Inflation will affect, In Socio Cultural forces – Population trends are affecting, In Technological forces – Technology can be used to innovate or not, In Legal forces – Laws framed by Advertising Standards Bureau, a regulatory body in Australia is violated by Vodafone. Impact of the trends: These trends will affect Vodafone in every business sector which can be implied as it can affect socially, politically, legally, technologically and economically. The impact of these trends can be discussed as below. Political Forces: Main factor that affects Vodafone is Roaming Regulations that has to be complied and influence of government to decrease the usage charges for mobile phone in the telecommunication sector. Another influence is the intervention of government in the markets in which Vodafone operates. Economic Forces: Markets where Vodafone mainly operates are affected by growth of GDP and increase in the level of Inflation. Market of Vodafone is also affected by various Fiscal policies of government and financial crisis in the economy. Socio Cultural Forces: Working style of different people has impacted Vodafone. Many people prefer to work from home and many have problem of migration. Markets where Vodafone is operating has problem of age differentiation. Technological Forces: Rapid change in technology in the communication industry is affecting Vodafone adversely. Strategy of Vodafone is affected due to new communication alternative means such as chatting online, messengers available on Yahoo, Google, etc. Legal Force: Some of the Claims of Vodafone were challenged by the competitors exists in the market where Vodafone operates. Challenges of competitors will affect the Vodafone reputation and brand image. Other legal matters of Vodafone will also affect. Response of Vodafone Vodafone can respond to the above discussed trends in the following manner: The Influence of government Policy, Laws and Regulation: Vodafone has to make plans regarding usage charges by considering usage of the customer. Policies made in regards to Roaming should be implied carefully because it involves two different states. The Level of Inflation: They have to adopt a system where their revenues are proper in order to safe guarding themselves from inflations, policies should be definite, expansion of business, investment options should be promoted and vacancies should be generated. Population Trend: They have to develop the strategy to allow employees with new avenues where they feel comfortable to work and rely on the system. Proper acquaintance and feedbacks are necessary. Whether Technology can be used to innovate: The company has to take immediate strategic actions to form strategic alliances or involving in the contracts with the companies of the same field to remove this issue or they have to invest the considerable amount in researching and developing that efficient techniques which will help them to reduce their costs in the services they are providing. Regulations from industry bodies such as advertising Standards: Compliance with all the requirements all government or local bodies will lead Vodafone to overcome issues relating to Legal Force. By appointing experts legal issues can be overcome. (Vodafone, 2013). Conclusions: From above all discussions we can conclude that the PESTL forces have affect Vodafone in short and long run and it will also going to affect the business of Vodafone, where they can face a severe challenge of the reduction in pool of customers and the loss of their fictitious assets like Good will and Brand image. But for the concern if Vodafone has adopted some peculiar measures which will help them out from this dilemma, as well as make them strong enough to avoid these market macro environment forces. They will be legally not challenged if they are hiring a team of experts, technologically advances as investing considerable amount in research and development where cost will also be controlled, economically strengthen as inflation will not affect much, socially valuable as socio industries earn a lot of goodwill helping in generating revenues and lastly this all makes them politically sound as any industry following each parameters and is social, the political environment supports them. References: Investopedia – Educating the world about finance. 2013. Investopedia – Educating the world about finance. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 08 November 2013]. Home | Queensland Government. 2013. Home | Queensland Government. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 08 November 2013]. Welcome to the Corporate Website of Vodafone Group Plc – Vodafone. 2013. Welcome to the Corporate Website of Vodafone Group Plc – Vodafone. [ONLINE] Available at: [Accessed 08 November 2013].

k-12 development

A friend of mine is a teacher in Chesapeake, VA public schools. Last week, they posted a “staffing update” of current vacancies in the school system: 23 Elementary teachers 19 Middle school teachers 24 High school teachers While vacancies during the pandemic are not surprising, these staffing shortages existed long before the pandemic. Similarly, a number of school systems around the country, are adding ‘holidays’ during the school year to address the ‘stress’ / ‘burnout’ levels of the teaching staff. Again, while stress/burnout levels are high during the pandemic everywhere, these problems with teacher ‘stress’ / ‘burnout’ have been an issue for years (decades) for K-12 teachers. The ‘solutions that have been offered in the past have all been individual-level interventions: (a) better self-care, (b) teachers need to be more committed, (c) higher standards for teachers, etc. When these kinds of problems of staffing are found across decades, it’s clear that there is a systemic problem. What is needed is a redesign of the job itself – a change in the ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE of the K-12 school system. The questions are as follows  You’ve been hired as a consultant to a K-12 school to help them redesign their organization to improve the working conditions for teachers. Describe how you would use the methods, research, and theory described in Chapter 14 to address this problem.   Given your understanding of the K-12 education system, and the theory and research discussed in Chapter 14 (and the entire course), what do you think the fix for K-12 will look like? 

Research Methods in School Counseling – Beginning of an Action-Research Proposal/Paper Topic Selection and Abstract

best assignment help Research Methods in School Counseling – Beginning of an Action-Research Proposal/Paper Topic Selection and Abstract. Need help with my Psychology question – I’m studying for my class.

Please only bid if you have experience writing Action-Research Papers and having experience working with school-age children!
The project will acclimated to a final Action-Research Proposal/Paper. The goal is to submit parts to polish a Final Literature Review Paper.
This part will need to include: a cover page, abstract, topic selection, and (I have already done the 15 reference page.)
Formulate a question, what question do I want to answer?
Clarify a target group. (Maybe low-income families)
Pick a factor to focus on, and interventions, what supports are there to reach desired solution?
Identify, a topic suitable for the literature review. This topic will be used for all other writing for the course. Review the 15 journal articles. Create a cover page with a title, an abstract (around 500 words).
Apa standard.
I have attached the first few journal articles. There are 15 in total.
Research Methods in School Counseling – Beginning of an Action-Research Proposal/Paper Topic Selection and Abstract

Psychology of Consciousness

Psychology of Consciousness. INTRODUCTION Psychology of consciousness is the subsection of psychology. Psychologists may not agree on a definition of “consciousness” or of “the psychology of consciousness,” but they can, to a large degree, agree on which topics and problems are included within the domain of the psychology of consciousness (Natsoulas 1981). It is very hard to get definition of consciousness precisely, it is difficult to understand or describe in words. When attempting a definition of consciousness it is sometimes said that consciousness is identical to experience, or that consciousness is a set of phenomenal feelings (Block, 1995; Searle, 1992) Consciousness can be described as mental images, sensory perception, and awareness fairly. Your consciousness consists of all the thoughts, feelings, sensations, perceptions and memories you are aware of at any given moment (Farthing, 1992). René Descartes is a man that well known for his theory towards consciousness. He was born in the town of La Haye, south of France in year 1596. René Descartes was known well for his expertise in science and mathematics. However, most of people think that his best of most important work was in philosophy. In the way to discover that what can said to exist in this reality, Descartes came with summary that the only thing that he can be so sure is that he is exist with certainty. He pin point the the phrase from Latin “cogito ergo sum”, means ‘ I think, therefore I am’. Descartes pictures himself as “cos regitans” which mean ‘thinking thing’. In a way, what he was pictured his conscious thought, as we call consciousness. Among most typical topic in the consciousness is “alerted state of consciousness”. It is a temporary state which a person or human can experience, sometimes control one`s behavior, is different in one` normal waking state. Sleep, daydreaming, hypnosis and use of psychoactive drugs are sample of altered state. TYPES OF SELF-CONSCIOUSNESS. Human consciousness is made up of continuous flow of awareness. Awareness is human awareness of its own self and surroundings .There is few types of consciousness that can be detailed. One of it is awareness of internal events. Awareness from the inside of human is not focused from outside environment, but from the internal. It becomes deep thought of a person and processing self-data. One become aware, that mean conscious actually is experiencing some kind of mental process, new behaviours, and also building new characteristics. Human can feel such internal consciousness through their feeling and emotion. According Fenigstein, Scheier, and Buss (1975), human as language competent creature can verbalize “I am very tired,” “I’ve been driving car four more than 5 hours”, “I need rest”. Awareness of external events is another characteristic of consciousness. There is no any internal information inside of human in this stage, but human react or do some behavior in response to incoming stimuli. Analysis of external stimuli takes place and lead human to construct complex motor activity. As result to that human produce complex response towards external stimuli. Neisser (1976) created the ‘perceptual Cycle’ concept, whereby interaction between human and surrounding environment build up the human`s perception and behavior. Neisser said that knowledge and expectations of the world are always activated. This means external events give human awareness continuously. Neisser also argued that theory or schemata is the response to the environment. Taylor et al. (1996) argues that Neisser’s Perceptual Cycle only discuss about awareness of environment or situation, but human awareness of the external events actively modify by the information that extract from surrounding or environment. The other characteristic of consciousness is awareness of having unique experience. All human experience diverse types of experiences, which may include imagination, emotion, thought and perception. Experiences not only passive experience such as vision or hearing, but also active experience as singing, speech, running and so on. Experiences have unique feature that make give human awareness: we experience them, we live thorough them or perform them. There are things that human can observe and engage to it, but not experience them. As we say, “I see/ do/ think….” It explains that we are aware. According to classical Husserlian phenomenology, our experience is directed toward represents or “intends” things onlythroughparticular concepts, thoughts, ideas, images, etc. CHARACTERISTICS OF ALTERED STATES OF CONSCIOUSNESS One of the characteristic of altered state of consciousness is changes in higher level of thought process. It is an alteration in thinking process. There will be disturbance or distortion in concentration, focusing, attention, memory, and judgment findings. Obsolete modes of thought (primary process thought) prevail, and reality testing seems weakened to varying degrees. The connection between cause and effect becomes less distinct, and ambivalence may be noted whereby difference or opposites may coexist without any psychological conflict. According Rapaport (1951) and Brenman (1950) have commented many of these states are associated with a decrease in reflective awareness. In altered state consciousness, cognition will be disorganized, fragmented, not logic and events not related. For an example, people who are drunk will talk nonsense without any logic. It is difficult to argue with them using reason and logic. And people who consume large amount of alcohol can`t remember what happened when they are drunk. Everyday task is become hard to perform; memory is often disrupted during altered state of consciousness. Memory become less accurate, while people store less data and experience more difficulty in reclaim it. For example, when u put something like staple or pen on your office desk, but you forget about it and start to look for it in other place. Memory distortion is an altered state conscious; Memory is just one example of a cognitive function. Others are thinking, reasoning and problem-solving. When human in altered state of consciousness, some will have hardness to recall information or data from one`s memory. But, regaining memory is usually turned back to normal when individual come back to normal waking consciousness. Changes in perception and attention processes are another characteristic of altered state of consciousness. In altered state of consciousness distortion of time sense may present. Metzner (as cited in Peres, Simão,Psychology of Consciousness

#6 PowerPoint Presentation: Transnational Crime: Asia and the Middle East

Overview In this module, our tour of transnational crime brings us to the exploration of the various features of transnational crime in Asia and the Middle East. You will explore the long history of organized crime in these areas, and study the trafficking of persons and transnational crimes concerning organized crime. Learning Outcomes Upon successful completion of this module, you will be able to: Analyze the root causes of the recent increase in transnational organized crime in Asia Analyze the root or contributing causes of transnational organized crime in the Middle East Explain the major sources of organized crime in Asia and the Middle East Examine the prevalence and scope of human trafficking   Instructions attached below. DUE: February 19, 2022 by 10 a.m. (Eastern time) on Saturday. NO LATE WORK!