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Vitamin C Deterioration in Orange Juice

Vitamin C Deterioration in Orange Juice. This experimental investigation was designed to examine the deterioration of vitamin c (ascorbic acid) content when placed in conditions with different oxidization and temperature exposure. Home brand orange juice was placed in different temperatures, such as room temperature, freezer, and fridge. Also with different oxidization as one beaker from each temperature was covered with glad wrap. Over 6 weeks, mold, smells, fungi, bacteria and evaporation where just some of the observations that we made. Although, as well as observing we took test results and it was evident that freezer uncovered and freezer covered had the most content of vitamin c preserved. Over 6 weeks 8ml of orange juice was used from each beaker to test with indophenol, with most juices the juice can be added to the indophenol solution until the juice becomes clear. In some cases the orange juice won’t change clear, and go a pinky brown. For this reason a control is used to compare colours. Over 6 weeks the experiment was conducted, data was collected and reached a conclusion based on the findings. Introduction: [4] Vitamin c is an organic compound consisting of carbon, hydrogen and oxygen, vitamin c is a water-soluble vitamin, being water-soluble this means that the body doesn’t store it. Vitamin C or ascorbic acid is one of the least toxic substances and this is why vitamin c is necessary for growth and development; it helps repair tissue in all parts of the body. [10]Vitamin c helps the body make an important protein called collagen, in which is used to make skin, cartilage, tendons, ligaments and blood vessels, vitamin c is also essential for healing wounds and helping maintain and repair bones and teeth. [4] Vitamin C is also essential in an individual’s health for the maintenance of healthy connective tissue, which gives support and structure for other tissues and organs. [5]However, the protective role of vitamin C goes far beyond our skin and gums. Cardiovascular diseases, cancers, joint diseases and cataracts are all associated with vitamin C deficiency and can be partly prevented by optimal intake of vitamin C. [6]Vitamin C achieves much of its protective effect by functioning as an antioxidant and preventing oxygen-based damage to our cells. Structures that contain fat (like the lipoprotein molecules that carry fat around our body) are particularly dependent on vitamin C for protection. The human body uses vitamin c to complete a variety of chemical reactions, for example providing energy to cells and sending information through to neutrons. [7]Vitamin C is also very important because it metabolizes cholesterol, which means it may help lower cholesterol levels. Vitamin C is an essential nutrient responsible for manufacturing compounds and aiding in basic chemical functions. Humans must ingest vitamin C, or ascorbic acid, because we cannot make it ourselves. [11]The body gets its daily allowance of this vitamin by eating raw fruits and vegetables as part of a healthy diet. [8]Vitamin C is needed in order to help the body to protect cells and to keep them healthy. Vitamin C is found wide variety of foods, mainly being in the fruit and vegetable areas. Good sources include: Broccoli Brussel sprouts Sweet potatoes Oranges Kiwi fruit Red berries Red and green bell peppers Tomatoes spinach Juices made from guava, grapefruit, and orange Vitamin C deficiencies occur as part of general under nutrition, but severe deficiency is uncommon. Vitamin C deficiency symptoms include: Dry and splitting hair Bleeding gums Rough, dry, scaly skin Decreased wound-healing rate Easy bruising Nosebleeds Weakened tooth enamel Swollen and painful joints Anemia Decreased ability to fight infection Possible weight gain because of slowed metabolism [21]A severe vitamin C deficiency is called scurvy, is a medical condition caused by a lack of vitamin C. Left untreated, scurvy can be fatal, but fortunately this condition is extremely easy to address, as all that is required to eliminate scurvy is an increase of vitamin C intake. Scurvy is relatively rare in the modern era, thanks to widespread knowledge about the need for vitamin C, but it sometimes appears in malnourished individuals, infants, and the elderly. Early signs of scurvy include fatigue and joint pain. If the condition is allowed to progress, a distinctive rash will develop on the legs, the mucus membranes will start to bleed, former fracture sites may come apart, and the patient will experience severe muscle weakness. The lack of vitamin C allows the connective tissues of the body to essentially pull apart, allowing blood to leak freely through the blood vessels, and causing long-term damage to the muscles if the condition is not caught early. If vitamin C an individual intakes too much vitamin C it can result in stomach pain, diarrhea and flatulence. [9]As humans cannot synthesize Vitamin C in their own bodies, there have a great need for dietary supplements of it. Although, good sources of vitamin C are fresh fruits and vegetables, especially citrus fruits. Vitamin C can also be made in a laboratory; most experts recommend getting vitamin C from a diet high in fruits and vegetables rather than taking supplements. Vitamin c supplements are effective for treatment and prevention of vitamin C deficiency, including scurvy, also these supplements are likely to be effective for improving the way the body absorbs iron and treating a disease called tyrosinemia in newborns when given as an injection. [2]Vitamin C is safe for most people when taken by mouth in recommended doses or when applied to the skin. In some people, vitamin C might cause nausea, vomiting, heartburn, stomach cramps, headache, and other side effects. The chance of getting these side effects increases the more vitamin C you take. Amounts higher than 2000 mg per day are at risk and may cause side effects, including kidney stones and severe diarrhea. In people who have had a kidney stone, amounts greater than 1000 mg per day greatly increase the risk of kidney stone recurrence. [3]Vitamin C functions as an antioxidant and as a coenzyme. Molecules called free radicals are formed during normal cell metabolism. Free radicals cause damage by reacting with fats and proteins in cell membranes and genetic material. This process is called oxidation. Antioxidants like vitamin C are compounds that attach themselves to free radicals so that it is impossible for the free radical to react with, or oxidize, other molecules. During the manufacturing stage of processing Orange juice manufacture add extra vitamin C into the liquid in order for the orange juice to deteriorate less than usual, this is also so the orange juice content abides with the label that is processed onto the packaging, this same label also states requirements after opening the juice in order when to store the juice and at what temperature. If false statements are given on the label the manufacture can face serious consequences. Therefore, the aim of this experiment is to investigate what environmental factors cause the rate of vitamin c to deteriorate quicker, with variable conditions being oxygen exposure, different temperatures and also oxidization. Our hypothesis is that the room temperature would lose vitamin c faster due to the factors of temperature oxidization. Materials 2L Home brand orange juice 6 x250ml beakers 9xPipettes 18x Test tubes 3xTest tube racks glad wrap paper pen sticky take Indophenol solution 0.1% 2xWatch glasses 1x scalpel Method A All materials were gathered Each beaker was designated a number(1-6) which is written on a piece of paper and stuck to beaker using sticky tape The beakers are then put in pairs (1-2,3-4,5-6) Each beaker pair is then designated to an area room temperature (25degrees-37degrees), fridge (3 degrees) and freezer (-5 degrees) this is also written on the paper attached to beaker 230mL of home brand orange juice was then carefully poured into each beaker Each beaker was then tested with indophenol to find standard (refer to method B) In each designated area (room temperature, fridge or freezer) one beaker was chosen to be covered with glad wrap making the liquid unable to breathe. Each beaker was then placed in designated area and leave juices for one week Gathered 18x test tubes 3x test tube rack and 9xpepits and 2x watch glasses 1x scalpel Gathered all samples of juice and placed on designated safe work bench Observed any noticeable changes (smells, colours, moldsVitamin C Deterioration in Orange Juice
Protected Health Information (PHI): Privacy, Security, and Confidentiality Best Practices. Paper details Prepare a 2-page interprofessional staff update on HIPAA and appropriate social media use in health care. Instructions In this assessment, assume you are a nurse in an acute care, community, school, nursing home, or other health care setting. Before your shift begins, you scroll through Facebook and notice that a coworker has posted a photo of herself and a patient on Facebook. The post states, “I am so happy Jane is feeling better. She is just the best patient I’ve ever had, and I am excited that she is on the road to recovery.” You have recently completed your annual continuing education requirements at work and realize this is a breach of your organization’s social media policy. Your organization requires employees to immediately report such breaches to the privacy officer to ensure the post is removed immediately and that the nurse responsible receives appropriate corrective action. You follow appropriate organizational protocols and report the breach to the privacy officer. The privacy officer takes swift action to remove the post. Due to the severity of the breach, the organization terminates the nurse. Based on this incident’s severity, your organization has established a task force with two main goals: Educate staff on HIPAA and appropriate social media use in health care. Prevent confidentiality, security, and privacy breaches. The task force has been charged with creating a series of interprofessional staff updates on the following topics: Social media best practices. What not to do: Social media. Social media risks to patient information. Steps to take if a breach occurs. You are asked to select one or more of the topics and create the content for a staff update containing a maximum of two content pages. When distributed to interprofessional team members, the update will consist of one double-sided page. The task force has asked team members assigned to the topics to include the following content in their updates in addition to content on their selected topics: What is protected health information (PHI)? Be sure to include essential HIPAA information. What are privacy, security, and confidentiality? Define and provide examples of privacy, security, and confidentiality concerns related to the use of the technology in health care. Explain the importance of interdisciplinary collaboration to safeguard sensitive electronic health information. What evidence relating to social media usage and PHI do interprofessional team members need to be aware of? For example: How many nurses have been terminated for inappropriate social media use in the United States? What types of sanctions have health care organizations imposed on interdisciplinary team members who have violated social media policies? What have been the financial penalties assessed against health care organizations for inappropriate social media use? What evidence-based strategies have health care organizations employed to prevent or reduce confidentiality, privacy, and security breaches, particularly related to social media usage? Protected Health Information (PHI): Privacy, Security, and Confidentiality Best Practices
The connection between body and mind has been the subject of philosophical debates for centuries, and even with the advent of the new era of information technology, there has still been no consensus regarding the correlation between the two. Although the proponents of the theory concerning the absence of influence of the body on the human mind provide rather strong support for their conclusions, the idea of the body affecting the key mental processes still seems more legitimate; moreover, it seems that the two exist not as the subordinate and the dominant elements, but the components of a single entity, which have a mutually strong influence on each other. The study conducted by Riekki, Lindeman and Lipsanen (2013) shows that the effects, which the body has on the human mind, are linked directly to the beliefs that make the basis for the culture of a specific ethnic or national group. Particularly, the research has shown that there are strong dualistic relationships between the mind and the body of the research participants. Moreover, the study results have indicated that there is a strong link between the “ontological confusions and paranormal beliefs and religiosity” (Riekki, 2013, p. 112), which defines the dependence of the mind and the body on each other. While Riekki et al. (2013) are inclined to assume that the effect of the mind on the human body is stronger than the impact of the latter on the mental processes, the study still shows that the correlations between the two are basically equal. Another study, which addresses the subject matter, the article by Schaefer, Krampe, Lindenberger and Baltes (2008) shows that a major difficulty in completing the balance-task, i.e., the exercise in the control of the body over the mind in adults, could be observed. Hence, the prioritization of mental tasks could be observed among the adults, which shows that the control of mind over body is highly characteristic of the latter. A set of experiments carried out by Gray has shown that the morality principles, which one has been raised according to and which are acceptable in the society in question, has shown that the so-called “mind” mindset triggers a reduction in the perception of the moral agents (Gray, Knobe, Sheskin

. Following are selected balance sheet accounts for Third State Bank:
vault cash – $2 million; U.S. government securities – $5 million; demand deposits – $13 million; nontransactional accounts – $20 million; cash items in process of collection -$4 million; loans to individuals-$7 million; loans secured by real estate -$9 million; federal funds purchased -$4 million; and bank premises -$11 million.
a. From these accounts, select only the asset accounts and
calculate the bank’s total assets. b. Calculate the total liabilities for Third State Bank. C. Based on the totals for assets and liabilities, determine the amount in the owners capital account.

FNU Developing Effective Leaders to Meet 21st Century Health Care Challenges Discussion

FNU Developing Effective Leaders to Meet 21st Century Health Care Challenges Discussion.

Please answer the following Discussion Questions. Please be certain to answer the three questions on this week DQ and to provide a well-developed and complete answer to receive credit. Also, please ensure to have read the assigned chapters for the current week. Chapter 3, Developing Effective Leaders to Meet 21st-Century Health Care ChallengesIs there a model of leadership that better supports leadership at the point of service? Why? Why not?How could formal leadership training for nurse managers and leaders impact hospitals in terms of saving money related to recruitment, nursing satisfaction, nurse wellness, and retention?How do traditional attributes associated with the nursing profession promote effective leadership in the 21 st century?
FNU Developing Effective Leaders to Meet 21st Century Health Care Challenges Discussion

Aberystwyth University Power and Negotiation Research Paper

best assignment help Aberystwyth University Power and Negotiation Research Paper.

Select one of the key terms listed below and conduct one recent peer-reviewed article (within the past 3 years) that closely relates to the concept. Key Terms: Influence as it Relates to Negotiation Persuasion as it Relates to Negotiation Power as it Relates to Negotiation Pressure as it Relates to Negotiation DEFINITION: a brief definition of the key term followed by the APA reference for the term; this does not count in the word requirement. SUMMARY: NO SUMMARY REQUIRED ANALYSIS: Write about the following. 1. Why did you select this particular article among all the articles you could have chosen on your selected term? 2. Why you agree or disagree with the author’s key positions in the article? 3. Was the article easy or difficult to understand and why? 4. What did the author do well in your opinion? Explain. 5. Describe what you believe the author could have done better in your opinion? 6. What information / in-depth study / or further research should the author focus on as a follow up to this article and why? 7. What did you personally gain from this article and how has it shaped your thinking on the topic? BONUS Question 25 POINTS: What are the conflicting or alternative viewpoint to the author’s position? (Hint: this will require you to find another peer-reviewed article that challenges, confirms, or adds to, or provides a different perspective to your chosen article)
Aberystwyth University Power and Negotiation Research Paper

AIU Police Interviewing and Interrogation of Juvenile Suspects Analysis Essay

AIU Police Interviewing and Interrogation of Juvenile Suspects Analysis Essay.

As a social service practitioner for Child Protective services, I interview juveniles frequently for the child abuse allegation referrals received. Also, deal with juveniles with dual status meaning the juveniles are on probation and their family has dependency with CPS. With this scenario of the juvenile threatening a school community, I would read the report that brought the juvenile to the attention of the authorities. If there is no report, I would talk to the person who called and reported the threatening incident, and ask the individual what he or she knows about the juvenile. “The transition point for an investigator to move from interviewing a witness or victim to detaining and questioning the person as a possible suspect should occur when real evidence is discovered giving the investigator reasonable grounds to suspect that the person is involved in the event” (Cleary, 2014). I would speak to juvenile without approaching the juvenile as a criminal and coming off direct because that will not result in adequate information.Interviews can take place in person, like face to face, via telephone, and in a group setting of offenders. In this scenario, it appears to be an intake interview. When juvenile first taken into custody by police, taken to an intake point where a probation officer or other intake staff makes an initial decision on how to proceed. It is important for an interviewer to develop rapport, which allows the juvenile to be at ease. If the juvenile’s ask questions in the interview, answer the questions without getting stuck for the whole interview. The interviewer should clearly communicate the purpose of the interview and ask open ended questions (Doran, Hohman & Koutsenok, 2013). Rapport building questions:1)What is your favorite subject in school?This question will allow the interviewer to know if the juvenile is interested in school.2)What are your hobbies that you enjoy doing with your friends?This question will allow the interviewer to know if the juvenile is interested in different activities and friend circle, if he or she has one. Also, can get friends names to interview at a later time, to gain a better understanding of the juvenile.3)What is your favorite family moment?This question will allow the interviewer to know about the family dynamics.ReferencesCleary, H. M. D. (2014). Police interviewing and interrogation of juvenile suspects: A descriptiveexamination of actual cases. Law and Human Behavior, 38(3), 271–282., N., Hohman, M., & Koutsenok, I. (2013). Motivational interviewing training in juvenilecorrections: A comparison of outside experts and internal trainers. Legal & Criminological Psychology, 18(2), 262–273.…
AIU Police Interviewing and Interrogation of Juvenile Suspects Analysis Essay

Psychology-Scientific Method, Ethical Considerations

Psychology-Scientific Method, Ethical Considerations.

I am looking for help on these 2 assignments. The first assignment is in bold (the non bold part is just an introduction to the assignment). The second assignment is ITALICIZED, it must include an analysis from each of the 3 short research papers attached, along with overall consideration of ethical concerns. Assignment 2Psychology can be defined as the scientific study of behavior and
mental processes. This means it is a science that looks to understand
the things people do such as eat, walk, or talk, as well as the personal
processes we go through such as feeling, thinking, dreaming, or
remembering.There are four basic goals of psychology that are used to help
understand behaviors and mental processes of individuals. The four goals
are:Describe the different behaviors that have occurred or what is happening.Explain the causes of the behavior by telling why it occurred.Predict how someone will behave in future circumstances.Change a behavior by preventing unwanted outcomes or encouraging desired goals.The scientific method allows us to pose questions, test questions,
and analyze results. Through observation and research we begin to
understand the world around us. Consider research you have read about non medical treatments for PTSD and analyze the following in one page:
Was the Scientific method followed? How?What pieces were or were not part of it? (Randomization, study type, placebos, etc.)
For the second part, present a research project you would like to propose in approximately one page.
How can it help us learn about basic principles of behavior?How can you use the scientific method to find and address possible problems in your research design?
This paper should be 2pages in length and use APA formatting (cover
page, paper body formatting, citations, and references: see
APA guide in the Resources tab, or by clicking here
. Prior to submitting your paper, be sure you proofread your work to
check your spelling and grammar. If you use any outside sources, please
site those sources in APA citation format.Assignment 6.Researchers must protect participants and be aware of appropriate
methods for obtaining information. What ethical considerations are
important to research? In about 2 pages, write an analysis of the
ethical concerns in the 3 diverse psychological research studies below.
Be sure to include a paragraph of overall ethical consideration.This paper should be 2-3 pages in length and use APA formatting
(cover page, paper body formatting, citations, and references: see APA guide in the Resources tab, or by clicking here.
Prior to submitting your paper, be sure you proofread your work to
check your spelling and grammar. If you use any outside sources, please
cite those sources in APA citation format.
Psychology-Scientific Method, Ethical Considerations