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Violent Masculinity in the “Tough Guise” Film Essay

Violent masculinity, also known as toxic masculinity, has been the topic of vigorous debate in recent years. It is generally considered a negative trait that is associated with many incidents of harm. The film Tough Guise offers insights on the topic of violent masculinity, its origin, and its consequences. Early on, Jackson Katz states that “violence has been gendered masculine” (Tough guise, n.d.). What he means by this statement is that brutal incidents are viewed differently depending on the gender of the perpetrator. People tend to see male criminals as worse people than their female counterparts, regardless of the circumstances or the severity of the incident. Katz then makes the point that violent masculinity is not an innate trait that people possess. According to Tough Guise (n.d.), it is a performance that demonstrates cultural norms and beliefs. The meaning of that statement is that masculinity is a pretense that men keep up to conform to specific expectations. Men have traditionally been represented as strong and individualistic people who do not have the feelings of women or the associated weaknesses. This stereotype does not match the reality, and the pressure to be an idealized figure forces men to put on an act, sometimes unconsciously. The perfect picture of an invulnerable male shows him as someone who does not have to struggle with negative emotions. While he may feel momentarily sad or frustrated by tragic events in his life, the ideal male immediately reaches a resolution and moves on. Such a stereotype may transform into contempt or a dismissive attitude toward the pain of others who are unable to do the same. This second category represents vulnerable people who are unable to do well on their own. Not dismissing pain, both physical and mental, or expressing one’s emotions through overt displays are seen as a sign of weakness. The diversification of the cultural perception of masculinity is often seen as an essential move to combat its violent manifestations. The reason is that men tend to feel forced into the role because there is a lack of alternatives. Not every man has a father figure nearby that he or she can imitate and view as an ideal. As such, he is going to learn from popular culture, and an increased assortment of options would mean that the person may follow his disinclination to violence if he so wishes. The film mentions that violent masculinity is not a phenomenon that is limited to white American people and pervades many different cultures. Tough Guise (n.d.) shows examples such as poor black people being inspired by films about the Italian mafia and inspiring white people in turn. The idea of masculinity comes from universal concepts such as militarism and can take root in any culture, which is the cause of humanity’s overwhelmingly patriarchal history. As such, the efforts to eradicate the phenomenon should also be conducted while taking cultural sensitivity and differences into consideration and offering all ethnicities recognition and help. Males in society can attempt to become “better men” by trying to establish a deeper connection with their emotions and taking others into consideration. The change would help them better understand and stop unconsciously oppressing themselves and others. At the same time, they should reinforce their positive male traits, which can involve retaining their assertiveness or other potentially problematic qualities. This effort is challenging, as self-introspection is not easy, but women can help men by offering them a different perspective and letting them know which areas require improvements. Reference Tough guise [Video file]. (n.d.). Web. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More
Washington, Jefferson and Parker’ Role in the US History Essay. George Washington (1732-1799) As the first elected president of the United States of America, George Washington is associated with several achievements. To begin with, he was in the forefront in creating and institutionalizing strong, well organized, and steadily financed government that was inclusive of the states with the US territory. Previously a soldier and a leader of a regiment, George Washington’s government was very successful in establishing a very firm united nation out of the remains of a series of military campaigns against the British government (Conlin 35). George Washington is accredited for having initiated different government rituals and forms that have persisted to the present day. For instance, inaugural speech and cabinet system of governance were the creation of George Washington. The current transitional process was first implemented by George Washington. After serving two successful terms in the office as an elected president, George Washington facilitated peaceful and structure transition to John Adams. This act established a strong foundation for democracy and acceptance of the will of the people of America. George Washington was the first president to accept the voice of the people who democratically elected his predecessor. Due to the peaceful transition, America has remained ahead of other states and countries in promoting democracy and respect of the laws on elections (Brinkley 37). This might have not been possible if George Washington did not lay the foundation for the same. In fact, Washington earned the title of the ‘Father of America’ when he was still active in the public life as political figure and popular leader. Thomas Jefferson (1743-1826) As one of the founding fathers of the US and the third president of the post independence America, Thomas Jefferson is attributed with several achievements which permanently changed the history of the US in a positive way. To begin with, Jefferson authored the Declaration of Independence, which internalized the ideals of the post revolution America. While still in the office as the president, Jefferson passed the religious freedom statute in Virginia, which is associated with the current freedom of religious affiliation in the modern American society (Conlin 41). Lastly, Jefferson was the founder of the University of Virginia, which has since grown into a center of excellence with more than five million alumni. Jefferson’s statute was significant and formed the foundation of his declaration, which abolished slave importation in the US. Some of the current civil rights such as equality and freedom of association were expanded from Jefferson’s statute. John Parker (1827-1900) Born in 1827, Parker faced the reality of slavery at a tender age of eight years. He proceeded to serve as a slave for close to two decades under the control of a doctor before purchasing his freedom. As a slave, his position on social justice, need for fair income redistribution, and personalized inspiration to transformation among the minority races in the US ignited the engine for later civil rights movements across the US (Brown 29). His fame as a social justice crusader climaxed with the daring mission of freeing over a thousand slaves. The achievements of Parker have inspired many liberation movements among the colored population in the US over the years. For instance, the abolition of the slave trade and slavery in the US was possible due to his earlier activist campaign against slavery and unfair treatment of the minority races in the US (Brown 34). Works Cited Brinkley, A. American History: Connecting with the Past, Volume 1. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education, 2011. Print. Brown, M. John Parker. New York: Wiley and Sons, 2001. Print. Conlin, J. The American Past: A Survey of American History. Alabama, Al: Cengage Learning, 2013. Print. Washington, Jefferson and Parker’ Role in the US History Essay
Please respond to each question separately References to be no older than 5 years Some sources to get started: CSA News. California Society of Anesthesiologists. (n.d.). Retrieved October 8, 2021, from Galletta, M., Piras, I., Finco, G., Meloni, F., D’Aloja, E., Contu, P., Campagna, M.,

Infant Vs Believers Baptism Theology Religion Essay

The Interpreters Dictionary of the Bible argues that baptism is a rite using water as a symbol of religious purification. The origin of Christian baptism is to be found within Judaism, and it is improbable to suggest the derivation of the Christian rite from the mystery cults. At first term “baptism” meant the provision of cultic purity, and then in the NT it was extended to express the complete renewal of human existence. The rite of baptism with water as a symbol of entry into the Christian community was practiced from the day of Pentecost. The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible links baptism with repentance and with the reception of the Holy Spirit. The fullest NT exposition of the meaning of baptism is to be found in the Pauline letters. Paul teaches that baptism is the means of incorporation into the Christian community, which is the body of Christ; through baptism the Spirit is received, and the barriers that divide men, whether of race or of class, are thus overcome (1 Cor. 12:12-13). At the same time, John administered a “repentance-baptism for the forgiveness of sins” (Mk. 1:4) in anticipation of the baptism of Spirit and the fire that the Messiah would exercise (The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible, 1962). Christian baptism is rooted in the redemptive action of Jesus. The command to baptize falls of necessity in the resurrection era, when redemption has been achieved, universal authority accorded to the risen Lord, and the mission of the church to the world begun (The Dictionary of New Testament Theology, 1989). Baptism seems to have accompanied the proclamation of the gospel from the beginning of the church’s mission. According to the Dictionary of New Testament Theology baptism is administered “in the name of Jesus Christ”; it is “for the forgiveness of sins” and with a view to the gift of the Holy Spirit. Personally for me, baptism is a very intimate topic. I was baptized, when I was an infant. Actually, everybody in my family was baptized in the early childhood. My mother is a proponent of infant baptizing, as she supposes that children should be taught about Christian living from the time they are born and during their entire life. Her argument is that we are all God’s children and there is no need to wait to become a real Christian. Parents should foster love for God and Bible in children in order to be thankful to God for His tremendous grace, generosity and love He has for us. I also see baptizing as the sign of love and repentance. Moreover, I’m thankful to my parents for their decision to baptize me as an infant, as I lived my entire life with the Christian living in my mind. We need to understand the doctrine of baptism in order to live a faithful Christian life. Moreover, the understanding of the doctrine of Baptism is needed as it has a great influence in the church today. When people are baptized, they identify themselves with Christ’s death, burial and resurrection (Stringer, M. D., 2005). The proof for such an assumption can be seen in Romans 6:3-4: “Or don’t you know that all of us who were baptized into Christ Jesus were baptized into his death? We were therefore buried with him through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.” So, baptism is an important rite, which signifies our “new life” in Jesus Christ. Moreover, we should understand infant baptizing, as this concept suggests being a Christian from the time of birth till death. Infant baptizing is the best view on the doctrine of baptism, as it provides the opportunity of faithful living in Jesus Christ from the early childhood. Infant baptism should be undertaken in order to foster love for God, faith, repentance and living by Ten Commandments in children since early childhood. There are two main views on the time, when the person should be baptized: credobaptism and paedobaptism. According to Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry, credobaptism is the practice of baptizing only those who are able to make a profession of faith. Credobaptism is also called Believer’s baptism. Credobaptists are the proponents of the baptism by immersion. Believer’s baptism view in based on the assumption that baptism should be given: 1) to all those who have learned repentance and amendment of life; 2) who believe truly that their sins are taken away by Christ; 3) to all those who walk in the resurrection of Jesus Christ, and wish to be buried with him in death, so that they may be resurrected with him; 4) to all those who with this significance request baptism of us and demand it for themselves (Baptist Roots: a Reader in the Theology of a Christian People, 1999.). Moreover, the proponents of believer’s baptism argue that there is no direct evidence in the NT for the baptism of infants. Moreover, during the time of the NT only adults were baptized, when they showed their faith and repentance. Moreover, the proponents of believer’s baptizing argue that linguistically the word “baptism” means immersion and indirectly implies that baptism is not for infants. Another argument in favor of believer’s baptism is that whenever baptisms are recorded, the text always specifies that the baptized come up out of the water, again demonstrating baptism by immersion (Wright, D. F. et all, 2009). Moreover, in Romans 6:3-4 and Colossians 2:12 baptism pictures the believer’s death to the old life and regeneration and conversion to newness of life. The proponents of believer’s baptizing argue that being plunged under the water and raised up from the water symbolizes the spiritual reality, a reality that is only possible for believers who are trusting in Christ and indwelt by the Spirit. According to Christian Apologetics and Research Ministry, paedobaptism is the practice of baptizing infants. The first explicit reference to infant baptism in Christian history is that made by Irenaeus, about A.D. 180, who speaks of “all who through Christ are born again to God, infants and children and boys and youths and old men”, “born again to God” being a technical phrase meaning baptism (Dictionary of New Testament Theology, 1989). The belief that the apostles commanded the baptism of infants as well as of responsible persons is attested as early as Origen (3rd century A.D.), and apart from some notable exceptions it became the unquestioned conviction of Christendom until the present century. The proponents of the paedobaptism argue that despite the lack of direct evidence of the infant baptism in the NT, the indirect evidence of infant baptism can be read in various lines of the NT. The proponents of infant baptism argue that baptism in the NT is closely related to the circumcision in the OT. J. Jeremias has argued that Paul may have been instrumental in thus putting forward baptism as the Christian equivalent of Jewish circumcision (Colossians 2:11-12). Moreover, the argument for infant baptism states that the NT has a lot of evidence for household baptism and according to the evidence found in Stauffer, in the contemporary use of the word “household” young children were specifically included (Wright, D. F. et all, 2009). I am the proponent of infant baptizing, as I see this type of baptizing more reasonable within the Christian theology. I suppose that people should be baptized as infants, so that they can become Christians, be taught about faith, love and repentance, and in order to give them an opportunity to live a consistent Christian life. The most influential argument for infant baptism is the relationship between the circumcision in the OT and the baptism in the NT. In order to understand, how these sacraments relate, we should conduct a deep analysis. The Scripture teaches that baptism signifies the forgiveness and purification from sins, and spiritual resurrection. The Scripture also says that we are baptized in Jesus Christ. Moreover, baptism is seal with which we witness that the Lord is our God and that we are His people. The OT says that the Lord wants to be Abraham’s God and God of his descendant by giving the covenant of circumcision. Moreover, the Lord says that He wants to see Abraham to be in wholeness and immaculacy. Here we can see that death and resurrection are implied in circumcision. So, the circumcision is the same as baptism, as they both include the promise of the forgiveness of sins and the resurrection after the death. Jesus Christ is the basis for both circumcision and baptism, as He represents the fulfillment of the Promise. Now the conclusion can be made that everything what belongs to circumcision, belongs to baptism as well (except the visual rite). The Lord demands the circumcision of the infants in Genesis 17:12: “For the generations to come every male among you who is eight days old must be circumcised, including those born in your household or bought with money from a foreigner-those who are not your offspring.” So, thanks to the established relationship between circumcision and baptism it is reasonable to suggest, that the circumcision of the infants relate to infant baptism. Another argument for infant baptism can be derived from Luke 18:15-16, where Jesus states: “let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these”. If Jesus allows infants to come to Him, in such a way he allows infant baptism as this is the sign of our communication and connection with Jesus Christ. The opponents of infant baptism argue that Jesus Christ invited grown up children but mistakenly called them “infants”, as He asked them to come to Him. However, this argument is disproved, as the Scripture refers infants to the children, who should be carried in the arms. So, in these verse we should understand the verb “to come” in the meaning of the verb “to approach”. Another argument against infant baptism is that Luke 18:15-16 says that the kingdom of God belongs to “such as these (infants)” but not to “these (infants)”. However, this argument is easily and logically disproven, as Jesus’s reason for allowing infants to approach Him is that the kingdom of God belongs to them. This verse should be interpreted as “… for the kingdom of God belongs to these and such as these”. The passage of Luke 18:15-17 is crucial to the understanding of infant baptism. Luke 18:15 : “People were also bringing babies to Jesus for him to place his hands on them. When the disciples saw this, they rebuked them.” According to Clarke’s Commentary, it was a common custom among the Jews to lay their hands on the heads of those whom they blessed, or for whom they prayed. This seems to have been done by way of dedication or consecration to God – the person being considered as the sacred property of God even after. Often God added a testimony of his approbation, by communicating some extraordinary influence on the Holy Spirit. This rite has been long practiced among Christians, when persons are appointed to any sacred office. However, the consecration of children to God has grown out of use. The second part of the verse can be interpreted from the view that the disciples rebuked the parents, as they considered infants too young to receive good. Luke 18:16-17: “But Jesus called the children to him and said, “Let the little children come to me, and do not hinder them, for the kingdom of God belongs to such as these.” Truly I tell you, anyone who will not receive the kingdom of God like a little child will never enter it.” This verse shows that Christ loves infants’ simplicity and innocence. According to Clarke’s Commentary, Jesus has sanctified infants’ very age by passing through it himself – the holy Jesus was once a little child. Moreover, Jesus’s emphasis on the big part of the kingdom of God composed of such should be taken literally; and only those who resemble little children should be received into it. According to Commentary on the Whole Bible, in these two verses our Lord meant to inform us, that seeing grown people must become childlike in order to be capable of the Kingdom of God, therefore they should not hinder infants from coming to Him, and therefore He took up and blessed the infants themselves. All in all Jesus’ words about little children provide an example of the attitude essential for receiving God’s grace. Childlike qualities such as trust, openness, and the absence of holier-than-thou attitudes are presented in this view. This shows that Jesus had compassion even on infants too young to understand the difference between right and wrong (The Expositor’s Bible Commentary, 1984). This passage indirectly bears on question of infant baptism. The major argument of the opponents of infant baptism is the fact that people should be baptized after conscious understanding of the responsibility they take. Moreover, they argue that people should be baptized after they acknowledge their faith. However, the opponents of infant baptism argue that leaving an infant until the time, when he/she will acknowledge his/her faith, means leaving the infants to be “the children of Adam” for a period of time. We experience death in Adam, because of the original sin. However, Jesus allows infants to approach Him, which means He wants to establish connection with them in order to revive them (Luke 18:15-16). Infant baptizing is the best view on the doctrine of baptism, as it provides the opportunity of faithful living in Jesus Christ from the early childhood. The NT indirectly supports infant baptism. As baptism is the same as circumcision (except the visual rite), then infant baptism is allowed and appreciated by God (Colossians 2:11-12; Acts 16:33). Moreover, Luke 18:15-16 proves that Jesus Christ allowed infant baptism, by calling the infants to approach Him. The baptism of household, which is mentioned all over the NT, implicitly means infant baptizing, as in the contemporary use of the word “household” young children were specifically included. The doctrine of infant baptism perfectly fits in other related doctrines: the doctrine of circumcision, the doctrine of faith, the doctrine of repentance, the doctrine of forgiveness and the doctrine of resurrection. It doesn’t really contradict with any of these doctrines. The doctrine of circumcision is very similar to the doctrine of infant baptism, as the basis for them is Jesus Christ, who is seen as the fulfillment of the Promise. The doctrine of faith, repentance, forgiveness and resurrection perfectly fits in the definition of infant baptism: infants are baptized to be forgiven for sins, purified and be spiritually resurrected. Moreover, infant baptism encourages Christian living full of faith and repentance. The significance of the doctrine of infant baptism is the removal of the original sin from the infants. In such a way children may possess the relationship with Christ since early childhood. Infant baptizing can make a difference for Christian life in a way it allows the children to be under Christ’s influence and care since birth. Children are purified and become “new born” Christians, who need to be taught about love for God, faith, repentance and living by Ten Commandments. These doctrines are best understood and learned, when taught since childhood. I suppose that infant baptism can bring more true believers to the church.

Conformity: Western Culture vs. Islamic Culture Research Paper

online assignment help Since the time immemorial, religion has been a fundamental element of any social system. The whole history of humankind seems to be the establishment of religious norms and their reconsideration. Islam and Christianity were the religions that formed the two main world civilizations that have been in confrontation for centuries. In spite of the fact that both religions in their development had experienced the periods of strict dogmatism, Islam gradually transformed into a highly adamant and steady system of beliefs, treating conformity as one of the bases of social and political stability. Before drawing parallels between Christian and Islamic cultures, the concept of conformity should be defined. Religious conformity, in general, means the submission of personal religious views, values, and beliefs to the values, principles and norms established in the religious system of the particular society. Religious conformity is made possible by the group pressure, when a person fears to become isolated, wants to avoid social conflict or to reach some status in the religious circles; the person, thus, acts obediently and does not openly question the religious authorities and dogmas (O’Loughlin, 2013). Religious conformity is very close to the term of religious orthodoxy. Orthodoxy refers to firmness in one’s faith and adherence to established doctrines. It is a conservative type of religious consciousness what is defined by the authentic religious tradition (Hellemans, 2011). The psychological preconditions of religious conformity lay in the person’s inclination to adjust. The person’s brain seeks the most comfortable ways of solving the problem; the brains would rather prefer tranquility received from religious belief than a constant questioning of the very essence of religion. The religious influence on conformity as an adaptive feature of a person’s psyche is connected with the compensative and comforting function of the religion. The religion can reimburse man’s dependence of the natural and social disasters, remove the feeling of his helplessness and personal failure, as well as sedate the offences and mitigate man’s exposure to the severe life (Emmons

Watch a concert of at least 45 minutes’ length either in-person or online (for instance, YouTube), preferably with a

Watch a concert of at least 45 minutes’ length either in-person or online (for instance, YouTube), preferably with a live audience, and write a report. (Be sure to take notes while you’re watching). The concert must be a performance of local music from within your community. You may define “local” and “community” broadly to include not only your physical surroundings, but also your family traditions, relatives, cultural background, friends, neighbors, or the broader world of online performances and playlists (i.e., youtube). Then prepare a 1,000-word paper introducing us to the practice and performers. Your paper will include research on the genre itself, and a detailed review of a spotlight performance or performer. The first part of your paper will include the history and research as directly related the genre of the performance you are reporting on. Keep this very “local”–i.e., don’t write about the history of rock n roll if you’re really reporting on the 80’s band you saw. Just give some general information about the genre of 80s music your band performs. The second half of your paper will introduce us to the particular performance, performer, scene, or event. Your paper should be written in complete sentences and should describe your subject’s musical style, history, influence, plans, repertoire and your personal comments. A recording, photograph or other non-verbal documentation is required. Five out of your 25 points have to do with how well you relate the performance you saw to concepts learned about in the class. Please pay special attention to this rubric element and be sure to address this in your report. Requirements: • 1000 words minimum • MLA or APA style • Due at noon on the last Sunday of class

1120 US Corporation Income Tax Return as Jim’s Auto Body Inc

1120 US Corporation Income Tax Return as Jim’s Auto Body Inc.

FULL INSTRUCTIONS are attached. Please see attachment for FULL INSTRUCTIONS.Complete the following for this assignment: Prepare a 1120 U.S. Corporation Income Tax Return as Jim’s Auto Body, Inc. Complete the appropriate schedules in the 1120 and Statement 1 – Other Deductions. Prepare a 1065 U.S. Return of Partnership as Jim’s Auto Body, LLC. Complete the appropriate schedules in the 1065, Statement 1 – Other Deductions and the 1065 Schedule K1 for Jim. Note: This project is to be completed without the use of tax preparation software. Use of tax preparation software is considered cheating and is grounds for a failing grade. Additional Information needed to complete the assignment: Link to forms needed to prepare 1120 US Corporation Income tax Return: Link to forms needed to prepare 1065 US Return of Partnership: Additional information needed to complete tax returns: Jim’s Auto Body (Inc., or LLC) 1122 Sesame Street New York, NY, 10002 EIN 90-1234567 Dated incorporated January 1st, 2010 Jim Jameson 8701 Electric Avenue New York, NY, 10002SSN: 123-45-6789 Jim Jameson took on Fred as a partner for the LLC. Fred owns 50% of all profits, losses, and capital. You do not have to complete Part 2 K, L, or M on the 1065 Schedule K1 (there is not enough information provided). $4,500 salary expense is officer’s compensation for the corporation and guaranteed payment to partners for the LLC. $55,000 equipment is 7-year property in its 5th year of service and was placed into service in the middle of the year, thus using the half-year convention. Use the correct table from the IRS—Publication 946: How to Depreciate Property—to determine the tax deductible depreciation. Form 4562 is not required. Jim made four quarterly estimated tax payments of $800 each over the course of the year. In accordance with IRS instructions: “Corporations with total receipts and total assets at the end of the tax year less than $250,000 are not required to complete Schedules L, M-1, and M-2” (Internal Revenue Service, n.d.). This also applies to the LLC. For the 1065 Schedule K1, you will not have enough information to fill out Part 2 K, L, and M. Jim’s Auto Body Revenues: Service Revenue $28,000.00 Total Revenue $28,000.00 Expenses: Salary Expense $4,500.00 Rent Expense $1,200.00 Utility Expense $300.00 Depreciation Expense $500.00 Insurance Expense $100.00 Supply Expense $400.00 $7,000.00 Net Income $21,000.00 Jim’s Auto Body Balance Sheet As of April 30, 2015 Assets Cash $101,800.00 Acct Rec’able 20,000 PP In $1,100.00 Equipment 55,000 Accu. Dep. $500.00 Supplies $2,600.00 Total Assets $180,000.00 ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity Liabilities: Accounts Payable $8,000.00 Salary Payable 3,000 Total Liabilities $11,000.00 Stockholders’ Equity: Common Stock 150,000 Retained Earnings $19,000.00 ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________ Total Stockholders’ Equity $169,000.00 Total Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity $180,000.00 ______________________________________________ ______________________________________________
1120 US Corporation Income Tax Return as Jim’s Auto Body Inc