There were many incidents during the Vietnam War that one could call a “turning point”. These include the 1 963 Buddhist riots, the coup against Diem in 1 963, President Kennedy’s 1963 assassination, the Gulf of Tontine resolution on 1964, and the presidential elections in 1964. With that in mind, the attack on the ISIS MADDOX in assays also a key turning point for American involvement in the war.In August 1 964, North Vietnam intentionally attacked the US MADDOX. The first incident occurred on August 2, 1964. Patrol boats were sent by the Vietnamese to sink the MADDOX, however the MADDOX sunk the patrol boats and left the area (Farrell).
The supposed second incident occurred two days later when the MADDOX and the US Turner Joy believed themselves to be under attack again though there was never any evidence to us port the attack. These were the first intentional attacks brought against the U. S. By the North Vietnamese.Because of that it should be considered to be a major ruining point and not just another event in war. These intentional attacks showed the Vietnamese intent to fight the U. S.
When there had not previously been the intent. America had to act on this and they did so by creating the Gulf of Ton kin resolution. The resolution states “the Congress approves and supports the determination of the president, as Commander-in-Chief, to take all necessary measures to repel any armed attacks against the forces of the United States and to prevent further aggression.The United States is therefore prepared, as the President determines, to take all necessary steps, including the use of armed force, to assist any member or protocol state of the Southeast Asia Collective Defense Treaty requesting assistance in defense of its freedom” (Moss, 2010)With that we were prepared to act on any attacks if necessary. Leading up to the Gulf of Tontine incidents was the coup against Diem and the assassination of President Kennedy in 1963.
For each module you will be expected to complete a short writing concerning the topics covered by the lecture and readings for that module and insert it as a text entry below. Please do not put your name in the text box with your writing. Writings are to be no less than 300 words, and no more than 400 words, in length, and will be assessed taking into account five areas: 1) word count; 2) summarize the key changes in scholarly perspective over time on the particular topic for each module; 3) critical compare and contrast opposing claims; 4) clear expression of your perspective on the subject matter; and, 5) use of proper grammar and punctuation.
For module 4, your paper should reflect your knowledge of the issues surrounding pirate radio in Northwestern Europe in the 1900’s.
Each writing assignment has a specific due date, however, all writing assignments will remain open until 11:59pm on May 1. The Module 4 writing assignment is due by 11:59pm on February 25. PLEASE UNDERSTAND that your grade for any writing assignment will be reduced 50% if you turn it in after the due date. It is in your best interest that you keep up on writing assignments!
Every student who turns in their writing assignment by the due date will then be assigned two other papers to peer review. Peer reviews must be successfully submitted by 11:59pm two days later (48 hours after the writing assignment due date). Your peer reviews for Module 4 are due by 11:59pm, February 27. You are to use the supplied grading rubric to complete your peer reviews. Peer reviews will be appraised by the course instructors who will issue your individual writing assignment grades. PLEASE UNDERSTAND that your grade for any writing assignment will be reduced 50% if you fail to successfully complete both peer reviews before that due date.
Peer reviews are anonymous, so do not put your name in the text box with your paper.