Creates ICC, supposed to regulate commerce, but hard to enforce. First step toward regulating monopolies.
F. Credit Mobile Scandal – Politicians profit nag from railroads. D. Republicans control government; however, they are split between the Stalwart and Half- Breed factions. II. Corruption in the cities was prevalent in Gilded Age society. A.
A political machine controls who gets elected within a city. It is also known as the boss system or machine politics. A. Boss Tweed – A political boss in New York, where this system was strong. He used the influx of new immigrants to get votes.Government leaders would then have to give these immigrants kick-backs and money from government projects. B.
The boss system had positives. It provided services and infrastructure for cities. However, the system was above the law and could control judges and politicians. C. There was a change in immigration during this time-period. Before 1880, immigrants came from Germany and the British Isles. These immigrants were highly literate and shared similar cultures, therefore assimilation was easy.
After 1880, immigrants came from the Mediterranean and Slavic-areas. These immigrants were illiterate and impoverished.They didn’t have similar cultures and they were strongly disdained in America. Ill. People were getting sick of corruption in the Gilded Age. They began to fight back through various political movements and parties. This fight laid an infrastructure for the Progressive Era.
A. Farmers faced a number of difficulties during this time period. A. Land wasn’t as productive due to natural disaster and overuse. B. Land was easy to tax. C.
Barbed wire, fertilizer, and harvesters were all owned by trusts who pushed prices very high. D. Railroads drove up prices of their transportation. E. Farmers can’t organize. F.Rising prices with a lower cost of goods lead to farmers not being able to pay back their debts.
B. The farmers, who accounted for half the population, organized with the Farmer’s Alliance party. This turned into the People’s Party, better known as the populists. C. The populist party platform: g. Free coinage of silver. H.
Graduated income tax based on wealth. I. Government takeover of utilities. J. Direct election of senators and one-term limit on presidents. Initiatives and Referendums for civilians to control municipal issues. Shorter workday.
(They united with citizens in the cities and factories. . Immigration restriction. (The above were natives. ) n. Solicited black vote. 1.
Black participation only increased anti-voting laws in the South. D. William Jennings Bryan led the Populist Party in the Election of 1892. “You will not crucify America upon a cross of gold,” was part of a speech which helped make him famous. It called for the free coinage of silver. E. Republicans fought the Democrats and the Populist by raising massive amounts of money from the industrialists and bankers who feared free silver.
F. Voting levels increase. G. Civil Service Reform had its roots in this era.
20th Century Modern Art
20th Century Modern Art.
Case Assignment Image of Pollock’s One: Number 31: http://www.moma.org/collection_images/resized/805/w500h420/CRI_223805.jpg Image of Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup Cans: http://www.moma.org/learn/moma_learning/andy-warhol-campbells-soup-cans-1962 Moving toward the present day in our Art History timeline, the ability to ‘name’ the art period becomes more difficult; however, art historians have come to settle on the term Modernism. Not only is the period difficult to categorize, the artworks from roughly 1907-present day are so wide ranging, it is impossible to pinpoint how different art genres exactly relate to one another. Yet, they are connected by the social conditions in which they exist and are responses to those conditions—though they respond in very different ways. In postwar America (WWII), New York City becomes the art capital of the world and two artistic genres emerged: first Abstract Expressionism and second Pop Art. Both art genres were grappling with the question of ‘what is art’ and how to represent a world shaped by global capitalism, consumer culture, and mass media. In this Case Assignment, you will be comparing Abstract Expressionist Jackson Pollock’s One: Number 31 with Pop Artist Andy Warhol’s Campbell’s Soup Cans. Pollock can be read as championing ‘the role of the artist’ as his art seems a pure abstraction of his body movements and his handling of the paintbrush; whereas Warhol seems to not have any real connection to the making of his art, as he upholds the everyday, mass-produced object as subject matter for high art. Use the required course materials to help you discuss, briefly, (1) the history of Abstract Expressionism and Pop Art and these two artists in particular, (2) the ways these artists represent the tension between individualism and mass production (a tension that defines American capitalist society), and (3) how the artworks approach questions as to the role of the artist and the role of art in society. It is important to note that this assignment is your last encounter in thinking and writing about Art History and Art Criticism, so this is your chance to let your visual literacy shine; you will need it in order to analyze pure abstraction. The required course materials under “How To Write About Art: Art Criticism and Formal Analysis” will continue to be an essential reference here. Assignment Expectations Here are five keys to writing a great Case Assignment! For each Case in this course, please: Make sure you fully address the case assignment prompt- don’t just describe the painting and don’t forget to ‘really look’ at the painting. Be sure to respond to the expectations stated under “Learning Outcomes” in the Syllabus. Apply ideas from the background readings to your analysis and discussion of the case assignment prompt. Write, at minimum, three to four pages, not including images or references. Include a separate cover page that includes your name, the course name, the module, and assignment name. Set your format to 1″ margins on all four sides, 12-point font, double-spaced. Include a separate cover AND reference page at the end that includes every website and article on which you base your information and analysis. In the reference list, please note that a URL with no additional information is not a complete reference. Over time, link root will make any URL useless. Each reference should contain all the information a reader would need to find the source. In this Case Assignment, you will: Give an explanation of the values—influences, themes, techniques, subjects—characteristic of the period or style under study. Give some information about how the social, political, or religious history of the period influenced its art and artists. Provide biographical information about the artist whose work is assigned or (in SLP assignments) chosen for reflection.
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