Table of Contents Introduction Lifting of Corporate Veil ‘Wrongful Trading’ and ‘Fraudulent Trading’ under the US Law ‘Wrongful Trading’ and ‘Fraudulent Trading’ under the UAE Law Conclusion Works Cited Introduction When a person becomes a director, one makes a great step forward on his/her corporate ladder. This person receives a new status and can now influence the whole company and the lives of its employees. Being appointed by the shareholders, the director is expected to bring the organization to success through the decisions one makes. Still, it may be that this person fails to cope with the duties and becomes liable for the issues that happen within the organization, including the acts of fraud and mismanagement. This situation attracts much attention because an insolvent company that continues trading can be a great problem for the creditors. Depending on their law system, different countries have various legal mechanisms made to cope with these issues. For now, they all seem to have particular advantages and disadvantages, and no effective treatment exists. Lifting of Corporate Veil In the middle of the 19th century, incorporation by registration was designed, and the doctrine of limited liability occurred right after it. Soon both acts were affected by the case Solomon v. Solomon
FIU Week 11 Addictive Family Therapeutic Process Discussion.
After reading chapter 9, please post at least 250 words in the discussion board on one of the following topics: Identify characteristics of the “addictive family”. Describe the goals and therapeutic process of family therapy with addicted families• Define the underlying concepts of homeostasis, feedback loops, hierarchy, wholeness, change, and family values that create the framework of family therapy/system theory.Respond, to writing at least 70 words Gemma Homeostasis can be described as the tendency that families have to behave in a specific way to keep the balance, structure, and stability in the face of change. Homeostasis represents a psychological, stable, and comfortable situation for the family. However, homeostasis does not substitute a healthy functioning. If a family member changes, the rest of the family will change as well. When a change occurs, the whole family needs to readjust its system and roles. Families that resistance to change will become rigid and fail into entropy. However, too much flexibility in the family structure will create chaos.The essence of systems is known as feedback loops. Feedback loops provide the communication needed to maintain homeostasis and the system to continue functioning. The two purposes of the feedback loop are to encourage change and to keep the system balance. The feedback that promotes change is known as positive or reinforcing feedback. Meanwhile, balancing feedback is called negative feedback as it keeps the system balanced. Hierarchy is the term used to classify the family structure. The structure is based on the roles, rules, and abilities that each member of the family has, according to their cultural influence. The wholeness concept states that we need to see systems as a whole, instead of focusing on each part separately. Emergent properties are also part of this theory. Emergent properties represent that behavior that a person may show as a family member but not has itself. Family rules applied in some situations and society rules in others. The concept of change explains how other parts of the system change if one specific part changes. It is important to remember that change always brings side effects. Values are the foundation of the rules, roles, boundaries, and subsystems in the nuclear family, the origin, and the culture of a family. The importance of values depends on each member of the family. Respond, to writing at least 70 words Melanie Marti A lot of values and characteristic are shared among addictive families. Secrecy which is the disengagement from the outside is one of them. Denial also happens because families would do whatever it takes to keep addictions as a secret in order to avoid dealing with this issue. This would cause families to readjust and redistribute responsibilities. As a result, dysfunctional behaviors can later arise in children and they can go into society thinking that these behaviors should be accepted just because they are accepted in their home setting. Hyper vigilance is another important characteristics of these families. A constant state of fear is created by family members because of the uncertainty of when individuals with substance dependence may act out. The ability to express feelings to others may also be lost during this process and can cause harm in children. Furthermore, shame is common characteristics of addictive families. These families often feel shame and elaborate a mechanism of denying the use of these substances among themselves and the outside world. Children become vulnerable and they may feel guilty because of the blame the user may put on them or any other member of the family. This shame may make individuals feel worthless and affect their self-esteem. Another important aspects associated with addictive families are abuse, incest and violence. These behaviors are often justified because of secrecy and shame by the individual. All of these characteristics and behaviors are taken into consideration by family members when keeping substance abuse of someone in the family as a secret.
Analysis of Primary Sources Testimonies of Jewish Victims of Nazi Medical Experiments conducted by the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany. From Personal Statements from Victims of Nazi Medical Experiments. Web. The date of production for this article is not indicated. However, it is updated frequently depending on the information obtained from different victims of Nazi medical experiments. The information is usually produced by the Conference on Jewish Claims Against Germany. It gives a detailed analysis of the major atrocities and experiments conducted by different Nazi doctors. It used personal testimonies and evidences to deliver the intended information. The purpose of the message is to ensure more people understand the pains encountered by many victims of the Holocaust. This source provides useful information regarding the atrocities, experiments, and goals of the Nazi regime. “Medical Case: US Prosecutor Details Illegal Experiments.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. This source gives a detailed analysis of The Medical Case during the Nuremberg Trials. The source was produced between 1945 and 1946. The information is retained and maintained by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The information is also produced and availed to more people by the museum. This source indicates clearly that most of the experiments by the Nazis were inhumane. It uses primary evidence from witnesses to deliver accurate information. The source is relevant to understanding the major issues associated with various Nazi medical experiments. “Victims of Medical Experiments Testify during Medical Case.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. This source gives a critical analysis of the major testimonies presented by many victims during the Nuremberg Trials. The information is maintained by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The provided information is available to many visitors to the website. According to the testimonies, most of the experiments conducted by the Nazi regime were inhumane and painful. The documented testimonies are used to make the information meaningful to the viewer. Readers can use the source to understand some of the major issues associated with various Nazi medical experiments. “Verdict Announced in Medical Case.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The events detailed in this source took place after the First World War in 1946. The video was taken during the Nuremberg Trials and is maintained by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. It shows the verdict announced in one of the medical cases. According to the source, the experiments conducted by the Germans were unethical, inhumane, and unprofessional. The verdict is used to represent such atrocities committed by the Nazi regime. This source is therefore meaningful towards analyzing and denouncing the medical experiments undertaken during the days of the Third Reich. “Nazi Medical Experiments — Photograph.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. This 1946 photograph details the pains encountered by many victims during the holocaust. The photograph shows a person in a compression chamber. The prisoner must have died after losing consciousness. The experiment was being undertaken to determine the specific altitudes at which crews could surviving without the use of oxygen. This photograph is maintained and produced by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. The photograph is used to deliver primary information to the reader. The source is relevant to understanding the heinous experiments conducted by the Nazi regime. “Nazi Medical Experiments — Photograph.” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. Web. This source was produced in 1944. The photograph shows a Gypsy victim undergoing a Nazi medical experiment in an attempt to make seawater potable. Although the source is unknown, the photograph is preserved and shared by the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. It gives a detailed analysis of the deadly experiments conducted from 1940 to 1945. The source can be used to understand most of the evil deeds committed during the Nazi regime. Medical Experiments of the Holocaust Introduction The common opinion held by scholars and historians is that the Holocaust was one of the greatest insults to human freedom1. Many people belonging to different racial groups were murdered during the period of the Holocaust. Millions of lives were destroyed thus changing the world forever. One of the notorieties of the Third Reich surrounded the medical experiments conducted by different Nazi doctors. For centuries, the medical profession had been revered because of its ability to save lives and support the health needs of many societies. Unfortunately, the Nazi regime violated the confidence and trust that had been placed in the profession for centuries. The use of these researches for modern scientific studies is something that has resulted in numerous ethical dilemmas2. Different scholars and scientists have been divided regarding the use of various medical documents from such medical experiments. This discussion gives detailed analyses of the medical experiments of the Holocaust. The paper begins by identifying some of the major medical experiments pioneered by different Nazi doctors. The most notorious doctors and their respective goals have also been outlined in the paper. The ethical dilemma in using the ideas and knowledge gained from these medical experiments is also presented in the discussion. We will write a custom Term Paper on Nazi Medical Experiments During the Holocaust specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Medical Experiments Specific experiments conducted The Third Reich provided abundant opportunities and resources that made it possible for different physicians to conduct gruesome experiments on prisoners in different concentration camps. Most of these deadly experiments were conducted without the knowledge or consent of the targeted subjects. Such unethical experiments were conducted by the Nazi regime to pursue various goals. The most astounding thing is that such experiments were supported by different Schutzstaffel (SS) leaders3. These suicidal experiments were conducted by various physicians who reported to such SS leaders. Most of these experiments revolved around genetics, drugs, sterilization, hyperthermia, and twins. Genetic Experiments The main goal of the Third Reich was to establish a pure race known as the Nordic or Aryan Race4. The regime wanted to have a pure race characterized by people with blonde hair and blue eyes. This goal forced the Nazi leaders to undertake numerous genetic researches to understand the major causes of defects. The other goal was to use the findings to refine the master (or Aryan) race5. One of these notorious physicians was Josef Mengele who conducted numerous genetic researches on Gypsies and twins. Twins were killed and their body organs eventually used for various genetic studies. Drugs The second category of experiments focused on different ways to test and develop drugs for various illnesses. Most of the experiments were aimed at producing better medicines for German soldiers in different fields. In various concentration camps such as Buchenwald, Dachau, and Sachsenhausen, Nazi physicians tested different compounds for treating diseases such as malaria, yellow fever, typhoid fever, and typhus6. Jews and other prisoners in such concentration camps were subjected to various medical compounds to establish their effectiveness. Another site known as Ravensbrueck Camp was specifically used to graft bones7. Most of these bone-grafting experiments were aimed at testing the effectiveness of newly-developed sulfanilamide drugs. Hyperthermia Different Nazi scientists executed a wide range of experiments to establish the potential treatment for various conditions such as hyperthermia. Numerous experiments were conducted on prisoners to find out new methods that can be used to make seawater potable 8. Parachuting The Nazis also conducted various experiments to determine the maximum altitude for parachuting to safety. The German Experimental Institution for Aviation (GEIA) used low-pressure chambers to conduct such high-attitude experiments to achieve this goal. The main objective was to ensure German soldiers were aware of the maximum altitude to parachute to safety from damaged crafts9. Sterilization Several experiments were also conducted to advance the regime’s goals of an Aryan race. Sterilization experiments were undertaken at Ravenbrueck and Auschwitz by different Nazi doctors. The doctors tested a wide range of methods in an attempt to develop cheaper and reliable methods for sterilizing different races such as the Jews, Gypsies, and other inferior groups10. According to the Third Reich leaders, such races possessed genetically inappropriate and undesirable traits. Goals of the experiments Furthering Third Reich’s goals As mentioned earlier, most of these human experiments were conducted to further the Third Reich’s goals. To begin with, the regime wanted to get rid of different races that were believed to be inferior. The Nazis wanted to establish a pure and superior race. Various sterilization experiments were therefore undertaken to achieve this goal. The mass sterilization of different races would result in a single superior race11. Adolf Hitler, the dictator of the Third Reich, was ready to establish the inferiority and inappropriateness of the Jews in the society. Most of the medical experiments and researches at Strasbourg University were aimed at supporting the idea that the Jewish race was inferior. Similar experiments conducted at Auschwitz were intended to understand how various races reacted to several contagious illnesses. Supporting the military Historians also believe that Adolf Hitler wanted to win the Second World II. To achieve this goal, helpful measures were critical towards supporting every German soldier. The experiments were therefore used to develop and test the effectiveness of various drugs for diseases such as typhus and tuberculosis12. Most of these contagious diseases affected the superiority and performance of the German military. Parachuting experiments were also conducted to offer useful data to the military. Not sure if you can write a paper on Nazi Medical Experiments During the Holocaust by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Advances in science Many historians and researchers believe strongly that most of the experiments conducted during the Nazi regime were unscientific. It is also agreeable that the data is unethical. However, the researches and experiments conducted by these scientists presented new ideas that can be used in the advancement of modern science. Most of the ideas and lessons learned from these experiments have the potential to support the needs of more societies and even save lives13. Most of the issues and advances observed during the Nazi regime have therefore led to new developments in science. The important thing is that scholars and scientists should use the information to pursue new scientific targets. However, they should do so without subjecting human beings to unnecessary torture. Despite the ethical issues surrounding these experiments, the medical advancements of the Nazis have been observed to deliver numerous benefits to the world of science. Doctors Doctors during the holocaust and their goals German doctors and physicians conducted numerous medical experiments that violated every aspect of medical ethics. Most of these doctors conducted unethical medical experiments in an attempt to pursue the goals of the regime. The first doctor was named Carl Clauberg. His main goal was to come up with non-surgical methods of mass sterilization. Some of the physician’s experiments included the introduction of chemical irritants into the genitals of women14. Most of the experiments led to the death of the targeted subjects. Josef Mengele Nicknamed the Angel of Death, Josef Mengele performed numerous experiments that led to the discovery of water cancer. His initial experiments were conducted to understand the pathology and physiology of water cancer15. He also conducted various experiments on twins and people with various physical disabilities. He also performed comparative analyses of various body organs16. These studies were conducted to understand the potential causes of various human disabilities including dwarfism. Horst Schumman Horst Schumman was another doctor who performed dangerous experiments. The main goal of such studies was to come up with new sterilization techniques that would ensure the Nazis destroyed the biological aspects of every conquered nation. The doctor exposed men’s testes and women’s ovaries to powerful X-rays17. The continued exposure to such rays produced burns on the buttocks, groins, and bellies of the subjects. The scientists eventually proved that surgical castration was the most appropriate and certain method for destroying the biological abilities of every single population. Johann Kremer Johann Paul Kremer was interested in the changes that take place during and after death. His study focused on the final hours before death. The doctor wanted to understand the behaviors of various organs during the process of dying. The other notorious doctors of the Nazi regime included August Hirt and Bruno Berger. These two scientists selected prisoners for their experiments. Berger collected the corpses of different prisoners who were murdered in the gas chambers and sent them to Hirt18. The skeletons from the corpses were used for different anthropological analyses. Most of the targeted prisoners were Jews and Poles. The main goal of these experiments was to demonstrate the strength and superiority of the Nordic race. Victims Groups of people The Holocaust was a state-sponsored and systematic annihilation of approximately six million Jews19. After gaining power in 1933, the Nazis wanted to establish a society occupied by pure Germans only. According to these leaders, the Germans formed a superior race that faced numerous threats from various minority groups. For instance, the Jews were believed to be inferior. The Jews were also seen as a threat to the success and dominance of the Nordic community. This fact explains why the Jews were heavily targeted by the Nazis. During the time of the Holocaust, the Germans also targeted several groups that were perceived to be inferior. The Roma (or the Gypsies) were also attacked and exterminated during the Holocaust. The Nazis also wanted to get rid of every disabled person in the society. Historical records have also proved that the Third Reich targeted the Slavic peoples. The Slavic peoples included the Russians and the Poles20. The regime used different approaches to persecute more groups based on various ideological, political, and behavioral arguments. The targeted groups included homosexuals, socialists, and communists21. These groups were also targeted for various medical experiments. Targeted groups Jews and the handicapped From the very beginning, the Germans believed that the Jews were a major threat to the success of their society. That being the case, the Jews became the prime targets of the Third Reich’s racism. By 1945, over six million Jews had been killed by the Nazis. The agenda also targeted and killed almost 200,000 Gypsies. The other groups killed include the physically and mentally handicapped patients. The total number of such victims was around 200,00022. Such individuals were murdered using the infamous Euthanasia Program. Soviets, political dissidents, and homosexuals Throughout the early 1940s, Nazi tyranny was spread across the continent thus perpetuating great atrocities. The Nazis and their collaborators murdered very many citizens across the region. For instance, the Nazis killed over two million Soviets. Most of these Soviets were prisoners of war or captives. According to different historians, most of these individuals died of mistreatment, neglect, disease, or starvation. Many prisoners were required to do forced labor in different states occupied by the Nazis23. Most of these prisoners were forced to live in poor conditions. As well, the Nazis continued to kill various groups such as homosexuals, religious dissidents, and political opponents. Most of these groups were subjected to various inhumane experiments. The ultimate goal was to gather relevant data and information that could be used to further the concept of a master race in German. Testimonies of tested subjects The website “http://www.claimscon.org” presents various testimonies and statements from victims of the medical experiments conducted by the Nazis. One of the tested subjects indicated how different experiments were performed on her ovaries and uterus24. The subject also explained how her ovaries shrank after several experiments done by Dr. Hirsh. Another subject explained how SS German Shepherd dogs were allowed to bite people during such deadly experiments. Most of the victims faced numerous health problems and eventually died because of cancer. Testimonies from different people have explained how the Nazis gave their subjects all sorts of medicine thus making them nauseous25. Most of the subjects became infertile and others deaf. Historical records also show clearly that majority of the tested subjects died shortly afterward thus being unable to narrate the facts of their ordeals. During the Nuremberg Trials, several victims of the regime’s medical experiments narrated their stories about the atrocities faced during the period. One of these survivors was Jadwiga Dzido. Several medical procedures were inflicted on her in one of the Nazi’s concentration camps26. Some of the medical procedures included injections of highly potent bacteria27. Such dangerous experiments were performed by physicians such as Fritz Ernst Fischer and Herta Oberheuser. The other victim of the experiments conducted by the Nazis is Wladislava Karolewska. The Polish lady testified as a witness during the Nuremberg Trials in 1946. Ethical dilemma in using knowledge gained from these experiments The end of the Second World War led to new trials at Nuremberg to charge and prosecute individuals who had committed various crimes against humankind. The trials of various Nazi doctors exposed the atrocities conducted by different SS leaders and their accomplices. Many experts have argued that different Nazi doctors murdered in the name of medical research. However, modern medical professionals still believe that the move to condemn such doctors might be a complicated choice. The biggest ethical issue arises when it comes to the use of the medical research obtained from the Nazi regime. Modern scholars have outlined useful medical literature from most of the experiments conducted by the Nazis. As well, some published works by different SS doctors have also been characterized by quality data. Scientists who plan to use this research have faced numerous social responsibility issues. The abuses observed in such research works have led to numerous questions28. The biggest question has been whether modern scholars can use data extracted from these studies29. Some scholars have argued that such data should be censored. However, absolute censorship might not be the best decision. This might be the case when the information obtained from such studies is used to save lives. Every society should, therefore, consider the major benefits that might be obtained from these researches and medical experiments. Scientists today argue that the best move is to ensure more people use this information while at the same time condemning the evils committed by the Nazi regime. It would be necessary to have a clear analysis and knowledge of the scientific value of this data. The available information should be aimed at promoting scientific studies that have the potential to improve the welfare of mankind. Once the data and information has been used, it would be appropriate for the author to condemn the horrors associated with the Third Reich. This approach will deliver a moral aberration in the world of medical science. Whenever using data from various medical experiments conducted by the regime, the researcher should be ready to expose every immoral practice associated with it. Future medical scientists will be aware of the evils promoted by the Nazi doctors. This approach will ensure the beneficial aspects of the information are used to support human welfare30. At the same time, researchers will outline the evils associated with different Nazi doctors and ensure they are never replicated in the future. With this kind of understanding, doctors can use the insights gained from such experiments to perform various surgical procedures. For instance, individuals close to death can donate specific body organs to various recipients. As well, the ideas gained from such experiments explain why future scientists should be ready to prevent suffering. Scientists should be sensitive to address the needs of different subjects. The data obtained from various experiments performed by the Nazis can play a crucial role in saving more lives31. However, societies should embrace the best strategies to ensure the information obtained from such experiments is used ethically. Concluding Remarks The medical experiments performed by different Nazi physicians explain why scientists should act ethically. Most of the doctors performed fatal experiments that affected the lives of the targeted subjects. Such experiments were also done without the approval of the targeted prisoners. Hitler’s dictatorial regime used such experiments to gather new data for improving its superiority. One of the targeted goals was the promotion of its racial agenda. As well, such experiments were undertaken to deliver new insights that could be used to empower the German military. Individuals who want to use various scientific findings from such experiments should, therefore, be ready to condemn the malpractices of the above physicians. Bibliography Baumslag, Naomi. Murderous Medicine: Nazi Doctors, Human Experimentation, and Typhus. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005. Caplan, Arthur. When Medicine Went Mad: Bioethics and the Holocaust. New York: Springer Shop, 2012. Cohen, Baruch. “Nazi Medical Experimentation: The Ethics of Using Medical Data From Nazi Experiments.” Jewish Virtual Library. 2016. Web. Dyal, Elizabeth. “Nazi Medical Experimentation: Should the Data Obtained be Used.” Open SIUC 1 (2001): 1-22. Personal Statements from Victims of Nazi Medical Experiments. “Testimonies of Jewish Victims of Nazi Medical Experiments conducted by the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany.” Web. Spitz, Vivien. Doctors from Hell: The Horrific Account of Nazi Experiments on Humans. Boulder: Sentient Publications, 2005. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Medical Case: US Prosecutor Details Illegal Experiments.” Web. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Nazi Medical Experiments — Photograph.” Web. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Nazi Medical Experiments — Photograph.” Web. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Verdict Announced in Medical Case.” Web. United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. “Victims of Medical Experiments Testify during Medical Case.” Web. Weindling, Paul. “Human Experiments and Nazi Genocide: A Problematic Legacy.” Review of Bioethics 1 (2007): 4-19. Footnotes Naomi Baumslag, Murderous Medicine: Nazi Doctors, Human Experimentation, and Typhus (Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 82. Baruch Cohen, “Nazi Medical Experimentation: The Ethics of Using Medical Data From Nazi Experiments,” Jewish Virtual Library, 2016. Web. “Verdict Announced in Medical Case,” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2016. Web. Vivien Spitz, Doctors from Hell: The Horrific Account of Nazi Experiments on Humans (Boulder: Sentient Publications, 2005), 28. Arthur Caplan When Medicine Went Mad: Bioethics and the Holocaust (New York: Springer Shop, 2012), 36. Naomi Baumslag, Murderous Medicine: Nazi Doctors, Human Experimentation, and Typhus (Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 65. Vivien Spitz, Doctors from Hell: The Horrific Account of Nazi Experiments on Humans (Boulder: Sentient Publications, 2005), 33. “Verdict Announced in Medical Case,” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 2016. Web. “Victims of Medical Experiments Testify during Medical Case,” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 2016. Web. Baruch Cohen, “Nazi Medical Experimentation: The Ethics of Using Medical Data From Nazi Experiments,” Jewish Virtual Library, 2016. Web. Naomi Baumslag, Murderous Medicine: Nazi Doctors, Human Experimentation, and Typhus (Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 89. Elizabeth Dyal, “Nazi Medical Experimentation: Should the Data Obtained be Used,” Open SIUC 1 (2001): 12. Arthur Caplan, When Medicine Went Mad: Bioethics and the Holocaust (New York: Springer Shop, 2012), 37. Caplan, Bioethics, 37. Baruch Cohen, “Nazi Medical Experimentation: The Ethics of Using Medical Data From Nazi Experiments,” Jewish Virtual Library, 2016. Web. “Nazi Medical Experiments — Photograph,” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum. 2016. Web. “Medical Case: US Prosecutor Details Illegal Experiments,” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2016. Web. Naomi Baumslag, Murderous Medicine: Nazi Doctors, Human Experimentation, and Typhus (Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 56. Baumslag, Murderous Medicine, 12. Vivien Spitz, Doctors from Hell: The Horrific Account of Nazi Experiments on Humans (Boulder: Sentient Publications, 2005), 19. Spitz, Doctors from Hell, 21. Paul Weindling, “Human Experiments and Nazi Genocide: A Problematic Legacy,” Review of Bioethics 1 (2007): 9. Naomi Baumslag, Murderous Medicine: Nazi Doctors, Human Experimentation, and Typhus (Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2005), 89. “Victims of Medical Experiments Testify during Medical Case,” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2016. Web. “Testimonies of Jewish Victims of Nazi Medical Experiments conducted by the Conference on Jewish Material Claims Against Germany,” Personal Statements from Victims of Nazi Medical Experiments. Web. “Nazi Medical Experiments — Photograph,” United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, 2016. Web. Vivien Spitz, Doctors from Hell: The Horrific Account of Nazi Experiments on Humans (Boulder: Sentient Publications, 2005), 43. Baruch Cohen, “Nazi Medical Experimentation: The Ethics of Using Medical Data From Nazi Experiments,” Jewish Virtual Library, 2016. Web. Arthur Caplan, When Medicine Went Mad: Bioethics and the Holocaust (New York: Springer Shop, 2012), 36. Elizabeth Dyal, “Nazi Medical Experimentation: Should the Data Obtained be Used,” Open SIUC 1 (2001): 12. Paul Weindling, “Human Experiments and Nazi Genocide: A Problematic Legacy,” Review of Bioethics 1 (2007): 9.
UMKC Ebola Virus Spread in Liberia Research Paper.
FIU Week 11 Addictive Family Therapeutic Process Discussion
Students will write a 4 to 5-page paper to research a global health issue in a particular country or region of the world (must be outside the continental United States) and propose a solution for the respective global health issue. The solution(s) may be something that the students create on their own, or it may be an existing program, policy, or initiative. The paper must use APA style and formatting, included at least 5 scholarly sources (use a combination of scholarly journal articles, reports, trusted global health websites, etc.), and type in a Word document. Your paper must address the following:Overview of the global health issue and why is this identified as a global health issue.What is the health burden of the issue to the specific area of study? i.e. what are the mortality rates, morbidity rates, DALYs, YPLLs (must use data)What economic, social, and/or cultural factors contribute, either positively or negatively, to this issue?Describe a novel/creative/original project, policy, or initiative to address the chosen global health issue? Include information regarding potential funding streams, global partners, etc.What outcomes (be specific) do you expect to see and how will you measure them?What challenges do you anticipate your proposed program will face? How can you address these challenges?Don’t forget a conclusion!Format:Use APA format (title page, in-text citations, and references)4 to 5 pages in length, double space (page count does NOT include title page)Typed in a Word document, 12-point font, Times New Roman (do not use Google docs, etc.)NOTE: Turnitin originality scores should not be higher than 20%. High originality scores will result in a loss of points and may fall under honor code violations. RubricResearch paperResearch paperCriteriaRatingsPtsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeDevelopment and contentPaper is well developed and clearly focused.Content follows required components of assignment with clarity.20.0 to >18.0 ptsExcellentPaper is clear, concise, and easy to read. Concepts are clearly developed and presented throughout. Provides factually correct, reflective and substantive contribution.18.0 to >16.0 ptsGoodDevelopment of concepts is somewhat clear. Provides information that is factually correct; may lack full development of concept or thought.16.0 to >13.0 ptsNeeds improvementSomewhat clear, difficult to read, concepts are occasionally present. Some content is evident.13.0 to >0 ptsPoorNot clear, difficult to read, concepts not present. Contributes with information that is off-topic, incorrect, or irrelevant to the project. Content is long, unorganized; or may be inaccurate.20.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeGrammar and mechanicsSpelling, punctuation, grammar, and mechanics are accurate and clear.10.0 to >8.0 ptsExcellentPaper contains very few to no grammatical, mechanical, or spelling errors.8.0 to >6.0 ptsGoodPaper contains almost no grammatical, mechanical, or spelling errors.6.0 to >4.0 ptsNeeds improvementPaper contains many grammatical, mechanical, or spelling errors.4.0 to >0 ptsPoorPaper contains numerous and distracting grammatical, mechanical, or spelling errors.10.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeSupporting evidenceSupporting evidence is thorough and relevant. References are accurate and cited correctly.5.0 to >4.0 ptsExcellentUses sources (literature and readings) to support content. Includes scientifically valid supporting evidence. Correct use of APA format (in text citations and references) and required number of sources.4.0 ptsGoodUses some sources (literature and readings) to support content. Includes some scientifically valid evidence. APA format (in text citations and references) is mostly correct and most required sources are cited.4.0 to >2.0 ptsNeeds improvementUses few sources (literature and readings) to support content. Sources are not academic or relevant. Multiple errors in APA format and few required sources are cited.2.0 to >0 ptsPoorIncludes no in-text citations, references or supporting evidence. Not in APA format and required sources are not cited.5.0 ptsThis criterion is linked to a Learning OutcomeFollows directionsFollows details of the assignment (page length, title page, submit paper copy and via Turnitin, etc.).5.0 to >4.0 ptsExcellentAssignment directions are followed exactly.4.0 ptsGoodAssignment directions are mostly followed.4.0 to >2.0 ptsNeeds improvementDirections of assignment are moderately followed.2.0 to >0 ptsPoorDirections of assignment are not followed.5.0 ptsTotal Points: 40.0
UMKC Ebola Virus Spread in Liberia Research Paper
SEU ECOM 301 E-Marketing and Digital Marketing Plan Project
SEU ECOM 301 E-Marketing and Digital Marketing Plan Project.
I’m working on a marketing project and need support to help me understand better.
The reference list, a minimum number of 10 references and citations is required, and you must use APA referencing style.
Quotations must be cited to its resources.
The paper styles:
The format of the paper needs to be introduction, main body and conclusion.
Your work needs to be consistent in terms of style, tone and appearance.
Font size: 12.
Font type: Times New Roman,
Page are numbered.
1.5 spacing between lines and paragraphs.
Entire project word count, around 2500 words.
SEU ECOM 301 E-Marketing and Digital Marketing Plan Project
essay help online Budgeting companies.
In 100 words or more reply to the statement below about budgetingAll budgets need to be driven off of the operational strategy of the company. Budgets are crucial for efficient operations. This paper mentions that many companies waste a lot of time preparing budgets while not really making great use of them for planning purposes throughout the year. This can be attributed to a lot of things, including the inefficiencies within the budget preparation process. For those utilizing spreadsheets for budgets, spreadsheets aren’t dynamic enough to allow for efficient use of budget information. Applications that operate as multidimensional models are much better as they allow for budget information to be stored in a way that can easily be queried should a manager want to run different scenarios on that data. Ultimately, the more efficient the budgeting process, the more useful the information is to management.
Social Media Impact on Tourism Industry in China Report
Table of Contents Aim and Objectives Background Methodology Reference List Aim and Objectives The proposed project is devoted to social media as one of the most potent modern tools that can be used in various spheres to popularise a particular object, attract attention to a process, or discuss some issues. The pivotal aim of the research is the in-depth investigation of the impact social media has on the promotion of the tourism industry, using China as the background for the analysis. Considering the growing importance of various social platforms, it is critical to determine their role in the popularisation of certain directions and conclude about the existence of any correlations or dependencies. The introduction of the given aim also presupposes the formulation of the following objectives: To evaluate social media, its power, and its impact on people’s decision making To analyze the modern tourism industry with its peculiarities and trends To investigate the correlation between social media and the tourism sector in China and outline positive effects To conclude about the impact of social media on the tourism industry To offer a forecast resting on the current situation about the further development of two spheres The creation of these goals is preconditioned by several factors. First of all, they create a certain scheme of the study that will guide the research and help to collect appropriate information. Second, adherence to these points will guarantee that the aim will be fulfilled and the most significant areas will be covered. Finally, the given goals will contribute to the in-depth and comprehensive analysis of social media and tourism, which is critically important for the project. The choice of the topic of the investigation can be justified by several factors. The main rationale for the given study is the dominance of social media in the contemporary world. Today, these platforms offer people multiple options for interaction and communication, which becomes a critical factor shaping relations within communities (Rainie
DANCE 124 University of SF Does it Matter Who is Doing the Dancing Essay
DANCE 124 University of SF Does it Matter Who is Doing the Dancing Essay.
In the portion of the modern dance presentation in which we examined the presence of African American artists and their contributions to modern dance, I pointed to the work of Helen Tamiris, whose suite of dances entitled the Negro Spirituals, protested against discrimination of African Americans. However, when she first made these dances, she used white dancers to capture her artistic messages. Take a look at these two performances of one of her negro spirituals, “Go Down Moses.” This video contains background music of piano and voice. Click here for a transcript of the lyrics: PDF transcript download.In this version, Tamiris, a Jewish woman, is dancing the solo. This clip starts at 42 minutes into this video. This video contains background music of piano and a bass voice singing. Clik here for a transcript of the lyrics: PDF transcript download.Watch this version of the choreography: In the case of a dance that addresses black oppression, does it matter who is doing the dancing? Is a white woman choreographer dancing, who herself is a member of a marginalized (Jewish) community able to translate a narrative, feeling, emotion, experience of black people? What about in the case of the white man? Or would the dance be more successful if it highlighted a black body telling a black story? What do you think?
DANCE 124 University of SF Does it Matter Who is Doing the Dancing Essay