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us history amendment

What were some things former slaves looked forward to after the passage of the 13thAmendment? What did independence mean to many former slaves and how did they try to achieve this independence?
What was the effect of the end of slavery on the Southern economy and white society? How did former slaveowners and poor whites respond to the end of slavery?
What kinds of laws were passed in the South after Reconstruction? How did these laws “criminalize black life” and what were the intended outcomes of these laws?
Under what conditions did convicts labor in the South? Why did some observers argue that the new convict leasing system was in fact worse than slavery?