Refer to “Sustainable growth” article by Hirsch, J.A., Harvey, H.B., Barr, R. M., Donovan, W. D., Duszak, R., Nicola, G. N., … & Manchikanti, L. (2016) via Website: http://www.ajnr.org/content/37/2/210. Once this article has been read, discuss the Medicare Sustainable Growth Rate. “The SGR target is calculated on the basis of projected changes in 4 factors: 1) fees for physicians’ services 2) the number of Medicare beneficiaries 3) US gross domestic product 4) Service expenditures based on changing law or regulations (Hirsch, et al. 2016).” How have these 4 factors been tied to fiscal performance?
University of Maryland Medicare Sustainable Growth Rate Target Discussion
Literature Symbols in “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe Essay
Edgar Allan Poe’s “The Raven” (1844) is often discussed by many critics and readers as one of the most mysterious and ‘dark’ poems of the 19th century because of its rich gloomy symbolism. “The Raven” is the poetic narrative which represents the sad story of the young man who spends his days in despair because of losing his beloved Lenore. To accentuate the narrator’s sufferings, Poe uses a lot of symbols which are closely associated with the ideas of death, sorrow, and grief. In spite of the fact that there are many symbols of different types in Poe’s “The Raven”, such symbols of darkness and depression as December, the raven, the Night’s Plutonian shore, and the repetition of the word ‘Nevermore’ are most vivid to represent the idea of the narrator’s despair because they serve to emphasize the threatening darkness and the atmosphere of loss surrounding the poem’s melancholic narrator. Poe’s approach to using the symbols of darkness in “The Raven” can be discussed as rather powerful and intriguing because all the mentioned symbols are colored with the emotional descriptions presented in such words as “weak,” “bleak,” “dying,” or “ghost” (Poe 1-8). Thus, the first significant symbol which appears in the poem is the symbol of December. People are inclined to associate December with the beginning of winter as the ‘dead’ season. Poe uses the dark symbol of December while presenting the settings for describing the narrator’s sorrow because of losing the beloved woman. As a result, the symbol of the “bleak December” is effective to emphasize the narrator’s ‘weak’ state of depression during the days of noting ‘dying’ embers and their ‘ghosts’ and focusing on “fantastic terrors” (Poe 1, 7-8, 14). If the symbol of December is used to demonstrate the gloomy settings for the narrator’s sorrow associated with the death, the author’s use of the word ‘darkness’ provides the readers with the more obvious understanding of the narrator’s loneliness and preoccupation with depressing thoughts. Having opened the door to know who was tapping, the narrator can see only darkness and “nothing more” (Poe 24). Focusing on these symbols, Carlson notes that the poem’s setting “in December, at midnight, in the midst of a tempest, in a small chamber that is the only spot of light amid overwhelming darkness, suggests that the threat of nothingness is real” (Carlson 98). Symbols of December and darkness accentuate the narrator’s loneliness in his chamber where he can be accompanied only with his depressing thoughts and sorrow. The raven as the main symbol of the poem appears only in the seventh stanza of the poem when the narrator is exhausted because of impossibility to solve the mystery of tapping at the door, and the focus on this bird adds the new meaning to the narrator’s sufferings and melancholic thoughts. The raven is described in the poem with the help of such words as “ebony,” “grim,” “ungainly, ghastly, gaunt, and ominous,” and “bird or devil” (Poe 43-46, 71, 85). Moreover, the raven’s eyes are of the “demon’s that is dreaming” (Poe 105). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More These words are associated in the readers’ mind with blackness, the bad, and evil. That is why the black raven appearing in the narrator’s chamber can only foreshadow the dramatic future for the character which is full of sufferings and even possible death. On the other hand, the symbol of the raven is the answer to the narrator’s questions about the possibility to recreate his relations with Lenore. Thus, in his work, Abu-Melhim states that “the Raven represents the harsh reality of what we can never recreate” (Abu-Melhim 117). From this point, the raven as the symbol of death and grief is also used to stress on the character’s inability to avoid his fate of losing his beloved Lenore and even losing his own life in depression and despair. The symbol of the raven is closely associated with the dark symbol of the Night’s Plutonian shore the understanding of which is possible only with references to the role of Pluto in classical mythology. Pluto is the god of underworld that is why the Night’s Plutonian shore is the symbol of the afterlife which is closely connected with the symbol of the raven in the poem because the raven is discussed as coming from that shore. The poem’s narrator tries to learn what name the raven has in the mystic world of the Night’s Plutonian shore, and he hears only “Nevermore” (Poe 46-48). The symbol of the Night’s Plutonian shore seems to explain the role of the symbol of the raven in the poem and to accentuate the idea of darkness because the narrator is sure that the raven came from the underworld, and his place is there (Poe 98). The presence of these symbols in their combination serves to make the atmosphere of death in the poem more obvious and thrilling. If the darkness was presented in the first poem’s stanzas only in the form of melancholic descriptions and symbols of depression and despair, the symbols of the raven and the Night’s Plutonian shore make the poem more mystic and dramatic while evoking the close associations with death. The raven also plays such an important role in the poem as the Prophet, and the raven has the right to provide answers to the narrator’s questions about his fate and his beloved Lenore. The raven’s only answer to all the character’s questions is ‘Nevermore.’ This word is repeated in the poem many times in order to accentuate the darkness, which is associated with the observed reality in contrast to the narrator’s hopes and desires. The answer ‘Nevermore’ said by the raven as “the thing of evil” is directly connected with the narrator’s chances to see Lenore one more time, and this word creates the atmosphere of the lost hopes and absolute despair which intensifies the whole impression of darkness and shadow (Poe 91). We will write a custom Essay on Literature Symbols in “The Raven” by Edgar Allan Poe specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Carlson pays attention to the fact that “the shadow of the bird of darkness is a symbolic bit of larger darkness threatening to blot out the brightness briefly glimpsed in Lenore” (Carlson 98). Thus, the reader understands that the symbol of the raven and the bird’s word are used to accentuate the gloomy fate of the narrator and the threat of death. To emphasize the idea of darkness as reflecting the narrator’s thoughts and feelings in the poem “The Raven,” Edgar Allan Poe uses many vivid symbols which produce strong associations with death and despair. These important symbols are December, the raven, the Night’s Plutonian shore, and the word ‘Nevermore’ as the bird’s answer to the narrator’s questions. To make these symbols more effective and striking, Poe uses many emotionally-colored words in order to accentuate the depth of the used dramatic symbols. Works Cited Abu-Melhim, Abdel-Rahman. “Explicating Poe’s Raven from a Psycho-Linguistic Perspective”. Studies in Literature and Language 7.3 (2013): 113-118. Print. Carlson, Eric. A Companion to Poe Studies. USA: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1996. Print. Poe, Edgar Allan. The Raven. 2013. Web.
POL SCI 149 Public Opinion Project and Immigration Research Paper
term paper help POL SCI 149 Public Opinion Project and Immigration Research Paper.
Revise the draft following the requirements below and the rubric.Requirement:Questions do not adequately tap citizens’ attitudes toward one common issue area (eg, the questions are not related enough): -10 pointsData are inaccurately reported (-10 points) or fabricated (-30 points). Fabrication includes reporting data that do not exist (eg, reporting responses for a question on Wave 3 when the question was not asked during Wave 3)Student does not investigate identical questions asked across countries or over time (eg, the questions used for Wave 3 are different from those used for Wave 5): -10 points per questionStudent investigates attitudes in 2+ countries over time: -10 pointsStudent collects data on fewer than 2 or more than 3 survey questions: -10 pointsStudent doesn’t make an adequate comparison (the comparison should be across two former Eastern bloc/ Yugoslav countries or two survey waves): -15 pointsSources cited are fabricated (-30 points) or inappropriately summarized (-10 points)Graphs are copied and pasted from the World Values Survey website (-5 points per question)
POL SCI 149 Public Opinion Project and Immigration Research Paper
Rasmussen College Keplers Laws Understanding Planetary Motion Assignment
Rasmussen College Keplers Laws Understanding Planetary Motion Assignment.
Johannes Kepler, a 17th Century astronomer and mathematician, published three laws of planetary motion that improved upon Copernicus’s heliocentric model. These laws were made possible by years of accurate planetary measurement collected by Kepler’s predecessor, Tycho Brahe. Kepler’s laws were a radical change from previous astronomical models for the Solar System which maintained the ancient Greek idea of perfect circular motion. With the Stellarium planetarium software, we are able observe the orbit of the planets and test some of his ideas.For this part of the project, use a computer simulation to test Kepler’s laws of planetary motion. Please read through the assignment background information and follow the steps listed in the lab assignment instructions. You will be asked to form a hypothesis, state the lab objective, record your measurements and calculations, and answer each of the lab questions.Click here to download the instruction document for this piece of the project. Follow the instructions contained within and submit your results as this project deliverable.Submit your assignment with a title page and in APA format.Submit your completed assignment by following the directions linked below. Please check the Course Calendar for specific due dates.Save your assignment as a Microsoft Word document. (Mac users, please remember to append the “.docx” extension to the filename.) The name of the file should be your first initial and last name, followed by an underscore and the name of the assignment, and an underscore and the date. An example is shown below:
Rasmussen College Keplers Laws Understanding Planetary Motion Assignment
Law of Mistake in Contract Law
The rigid approach to finding a common mistake undermines the purpose of the law of mistake. Both parties are at fault, however one party will use this claim in defence. When finding a common mistake, it cancels the purpose of finding a mistake overall. This approach can be seen in the following prevalent cases I will be discussing in this paper. The Great Peace decision on the doctrine of equitable rescission for genuine mistake as proposed in the case, Solle v. Butcher. The approach provided a legal method that remained effective. The case consisted of a common or mutual mistake as to the decision in The Great Peace. The leading judgment in, Bell v Lever Brothers Limited, where the Lever Brothers had entered into contract to end their term of employment with compensation. However, the defendants had breached their contracts of employment, where they were not aware of this. As a result, the contract was considered a common mistake for both parties and The house of Lords held that the agreements were not void for mistake. How did the law change in Lever Bros Ltd? The Lever Brothers argued that there was a breach of duty that was implied in their employment contract. The court held that the contract was not void and the mistake was not vital to the contract. Therefore, only a mistake of the subject matter of the contract or the quality of an item would void a contract completely. The mistake must be essential to the identity of the contract. The court identified the mistake as a common mistake. Why did the law change in Solle v. Butcher? Solle, the plaintiff was a tenant of the defendant Butcher. Before having deciding the rent, they both assumed the house did not come with any previous legislation that specified that if the landlord wants to charge over, he must give notice. Solle, wanted to be compensated for the money he had paid. The Plaintiff wants to be compensated for the money he has paid. The doctrine of mistake is prevalent where the contract can be void? Under the common law, a contract is void depending on the failure of a specific condition. (5) A common mistake is where both parties hold the same mistaken belief of the facts[i]. The case, Bell v Lever Brothers Ltd, established that a common mistake can void a contract if the mistake of the subject matter was crucial to contract. There are three different types of mistakes in contract law: unilateral mistake, the mutual mistake and the common mistake. A unilateral mistake is where one party is mistaken as to the terms or subject matter in the contract. There are exceptions where a contract is void from unilateral mistakes. For instance, one party relied on a statement of the other party about a fact that the second party should have known about[ii]. However, a party cannot be held liable by being given false information, received in good faith with believing it was true , Roswell State Bank v. Lawrence Walker Cotton Co. There are two types of common mistake which can make a contract void. matter at the time of the contract no longer exists. In the case, The Great Peace Shipping Ltd v Tsavliris international Ltd (2001), the owners of the ship wanted the defendants to recover the ship. The defendants were told that the ship was in proximity to the sinking ship[iii]. However, the Great Peace was not and the company refused to pay, on the grounds that the contract was void for a common mistake[iv]. The second type of mistake is common mistake where the subject matter of the contract belongs to the buyer[v]. An example of common mistake can be seen in the case of, Cooper v Phibbs (1867), where the plaintiff leased a fishery from the defendant. The fishery turned out to be owned already by the plaintiff. The house of Lords held that the contract was void for common mistake[vi]. The court held that the common assumption between both parties must render the performance of the contract impossible[vii]. This case expanded on previous judgments in Associated Japanese Bank (International) ltd v Credit du Nord SA.(11) The judge realized that the test for determining a common mistake, one must assess the nature of the shared assumption to the contract. A common mistake undermines the purpose of the law of mistake whereas mistakes at law may affect the truth of the formation of the contract. An operative mistake, may render a contract void, whether or not there is an operative mistake should be based on whether the mistake is fundamental to the contract. In order for a mistake to affect the validity of a contract it must be an operative mistake. For a mistake to affect the validity of a contract it must be an “operative mistake”, ie, a mistake which operates to make the contract void. A mutual mistake occurs when the contracting parties are at cross-purposes but believes that the other party is in agreement. However, they do not realize that there is a misunderstanding as to the terms of the contract or the subject matter. A mistake as to the quality of the subject matter will not render a contract void at common law. In the case, Leaf v International Galleries, both parties believed that the painting was done by a constable. The court held that the contract was still valid[viii]. The mistake of continuing the contract, where the obligations under the contract are impossible, the contracted will deemed void[ix]. The case, Sheik Bros Ltd v Ochsner, the land was not able to grow crops contracted for so the contract was held void[x]. A unilateral mistake is where only one party is mistaken and the other party knows about it to take advantage of the error. A unilateral mistake as to the terms of the contract for a unilateral mistake to be operative it must correlate to the terms. To be able to set aside a contract on the grounds of a common mistake the mistake must be fundamental. What do the developments in the law of frustration have to tell us about the law of common mistake? The theory of implied term is different when realizing a common mistake. It becomes frustrated when the claimant cannot establish that the document has failed to give effect to the intention of both parties[xi]. The courts have viewed that a common mistake is fundamental to void a contract[xii]. As well as, the courts have held that a mistake as to quality makes a contract void as can seen from Leaf v International Galleries, where the court of appeal stated that a contract for the sale of a picture would not be on the grounds of mistake if both parties entered into the contract believing the picture to be constable[xiii]. The contract may be void if there is a mistake as to the quality if the quality of the goods was fundamental to the contract. A unilateral mistake occurs where only one party is mistaken as to the terms or subject matter of the contract[xiv]. The case, Hartog v Colin