You are required to prepare an audit plan for your selected company from Fortune 500 list. https://www.sec.gov/Archives/edgar/data/77476/0000…PEPSICO is my selected company Details of the AssignmentYou are the new auditor for the company approved by the Professor. Another auditor performed the audit last year. As the new auditor, you are to develop a comprehensive Audit Plan. See Attached Example of Audit PlanYou are to provide background information about the company, which should a company overview, an organizational chart, a trend analysis of five accounts and notes from the company’s financial statements, audit objective(s), pertinent guidance (accounting standards), audit scope, audit procedures, documents needs to accomplish the audit objective(s), critical audit matter(s), audit team; audit timeframe, audit budget, and conclusionYou must have at least 3 references. You must include graphics or charts in your paper. The graphics or tables cannot exceed one third of the page. You must discuss the information in the graphics or tables in the paper.A list of audit procedures and audit objectives for several accounts are attachedThere are two deliverables: (1) SEC 10-K Audit Plan, and (2) SEC 10-K Power Point presentation based on your paper, .Attached are an example of (files attached)1) Audit Plan; and 2) audit assertions (audit objectives),
University of Maryland Audit Plan for PepsiCo Company Background Paper
I’m working on a history writing question and need support to help me study.
Pick FOUR of the 7 prompts. 2-3 paragraphs per prompt How did the French Revolution differ from the American Revolution? How were they similar? In your response consider politics, the founding documents of the regime, and the grievances of the rebels.In what ways might the Industrial Revolution be considered a global rather than a Western European phenomenon? In your response, consider the impact of the Industrial revolution on the countries of the British Empire and the United StatesAs you could probably tell, Voltaire wrote Candide (1759) in response to the Lisbon earthquake of 1755 and to the relentless optimism of theories of the pre-established harmony of the world popular in English and German Enlightenment circles. Had Voltaire lived a century later, what events of the 1840s and 1850s would have fueled him to write, and what theories of the era would have appalled him? Explain.The growth of the nation state was the most important development of this period. How did conservatives, liberals and socialists view this, and what kind of leader did each group think would be most appropriate for a new nation?Compare the consequences of nineteenth-century European colonial conquests with earlier episodes of imperial expansion such as the sixteenth and seventeenth century modernization in the Atlantic world. What was similar? What was different?What common ideas did the writers and artists who we know today as Modernists share?What would you consider the three most important technological advances of the nineteenth and the early twentieth century (1789-1914)? Explain why.
How Did French Revolution Differ From American Revolution History Questions
Predict whether S for each reaction would be greater than zero, less than zero,
Predict whether S for each reaction would be greater than zero, less than zero,.
Predict whether S for each reaction would be greater than zero, less than zero, or too close to zero to decide. I2(g) + Cl2(g)2ICl(g)COCl2(g)CO(g) +Cl2(g)CO2(g) + H2(g)CO(g) + H2O(g)2H2S(g) + 3O2(g)2H2O(g) + 2SO2(g)2H2O2(l)2H2O(l) +O2(g)S > 0S < 0too close to decide
Predict whether S for each reaction would be greater than zero, less than zero,
Macroeconomic Analysis Of South Africa
cheap assignment writing service Introduction The financial crisis, in fact, affects the global world since 2008. There is high inflation, increasing unemployment rate, low export, decreasing GDP and so on. In every country as well as in South Africa that also faces the macroeconomic problems, representing by the falling of the output, high inflation, and the microeconomic problems also affect to the economic market. Therefore, the objective of this report is to analyze and focus on the macroeconomic environment and formulate a strategy in responding to the Economic crisis in South Africa. The reason to know and analyze the macroeconomic in a country is, because the microeconomic, institutional changes are unlikely to be implemented if the economy is in a state of macroeconomic chaos-plummeting widespread unemployment and hyperinflation. Macroeconomic stabilization must and can precede the more fundamental microeconomic, institutional transformation. Macroeconomics in terms of business is dealing with the performance, structure and the behavior of national or regional economy as a whole. It is also a study about GDP, unemployment rates, national income, output, inflation, savings, investment, international trade and economic growth. Macroeconomic Background South Africa Located in base of the continent of Africa, South Africa is a diverse nation with an appealing mix of people, culture, faith and languages. Despite the people, South Africa’s physical state also has its own distinctive features. It has its own unique geological formations that aids in producing the mountains, plains and coasts. South Africa also has large amount of fertile land. Furthermore, a more extraordinary feature about South Africa is that it is home to the rarest species of wildlife and plant life. The nation has a total area of 1, 127 200 square kilometers and it is divided in four provinces, which are the Cape Province, the Transvaal, the Orange Free State and Natal. Being located in a subtropical area, South African generally enjoys warm weather all year round. Naturally, being located in Southern Hemisphere, winter is experienced during June and summer is experienced in December. Demographic South Africa has a population of 49 billion people (2009). It has particular demographic due to the heterogeneity in population base, apartheid, ethnic groups and emigration Table: Population % (Wikipedia, 2010) Basically the black people they’re the ethnic group like Zulu, Xhosa as well as immigrant form the other parts of Africa (mostly from Nigeria and Zimbabwe). The whites they’re the descendants of French, British or German settlers whom arrived to Cape Town from the late of 17th century. Some of them are from immigrants from Europe and Portuguese colonies left over. Coloureds are the descendants of earliest settlers, their slaves and indigenous people. The last part of racial population can be counted as Indian or Asian (Chinese) Table: Age structure % (Wikipedia, 2010) The average total fertility rate from 2001s to 2009s is 2.41 children born per woman. So that’s why each family in South Africa usually has more than 2 children In the country they have around 11 official languages, the most spoken language of black people is 30.1% speak Zulu, 22.3% speak Xhosa while most the white residents speak Afrikaans at home (59.1%), 39.3 speak Englishâ€¦ (Wikipedia, Demographics of South Africa, 2010) Political situation South Africa has multi-party system where the President Jacob Zuma is the head of government and the parliament. The African National Congress is the ruling party in the national legislature, which received 65.9% of the votes during the 2009 general elections and has 74.25% of total seats in the parliament. Democratic Alliance is the second major party that received only 16.66% of the votes and has 11.75% of total seats. All the other parties represent less than 20 %. From this huge gap between the ruling party and the democrats’ we can see that political situation is stable and will stay like that in near future. (Parliament monitoring group 2009); (Number of Political Party Seats: National Assembly – May 2009 | Parliamentary Monitoring Group | Parliament of South Africa monitored) Laws
Eastern Nazarene College Professional Business Communications Final Portfolio
Eastern Nazarene College Professional Business Communications Final Portfolio.
I need to have a self evaluation on how I have developed over the semester that must be two pages double spaced. Also need each essay cleaned up and made to look good. MOST IMPORTANT PART IS THE SELF REFLECTION since that is the only thing that is missing.Here, upload your Final Portfolio. You can upload as many files as you need. Include five things, in this order:your self-evaluation (a two-page statement about how you have grown as a professional this semester),your cover letter,your case study,your white paper,your proposal.Each part of the final portfolio is worth the same number of points, including the self-evaluation. (Five documents, each worth 20% of the final portfolio grade.) Each part of the final portfolio is graded by the rubrics you have seen. Here is the rubric for the self-evaluation:Full credit, 40 points. Self-evaluation insightfully evaluates your professional growth over the course of the semester, discussing your professional goals and how specific assignments in this class aided you in your professionalization.Partial credit, 32 points. Self-evaluation realistically evaluates your professional growth over the course of the semester. May not incorporate detailed evidence about coursework or professional goals/identity. No credit, 0 points. Self-evaluation may be limited to minor/unimportant information about document editing, or a vague/impractical statement of your professional goals and identity.Here is the essay:Final Portfolio To Whom It May Concern, I am happy to be applying for the Business Manager position at your company. I have extensive experience in the field of management, and I am excited to see a position within your firm that will allow me to apply my knowledge. This is especially important to me as a recent graduate because my classroom application of skills is only a limited reflection of real-life work. The complexity of businesses excites me, and I look forward to new learning opportunities that will push me beyond what I know today. I want to be a manager because I get a tremendous amount of satisfaction from analyzing and optimizing workplace organization. I also enjoy working with a team to build a product or a service that would otherwise not exist. My enjoyment in this field only surfaced as I was completing my bachelor’s degree. It inspired me to pursue a Master’s degree in business at University of North Florida. Throughout my education, I have participated in a variety of projects that required my full focus, leadership abilities, and business background. The results were learning experiences that I carry with me to this day. I believe that my problem-solving orientation and variation of soft skills will positively impact the productivity of your company. My background also includes working at a dealership as a senior sales associate. There, I gained experience in recruiting, training, inventory management, and report generation. I proved my capability of working in a fast-paced environment as well as making good decisions in a short time span. I also developed a respect for teaching, which I have pursued to the extent where I am effective at sharing my knowledge with others. I intend to take full advantage of these skills while working with you. Thank you for considering my application. My qualifications are strong, and you will find that we share similar values, making me a good fit for your company. I would appreciate meeting with you in person so I can further exemplify myself as a hard worker and qualified manager. Sincerely, Nicholas D Turner Zoom: Revolutionizing How People Work, Study, and Socialize by Nicholas D Turner 09/10/20 In 2020, video conferencing is not new. The technology to connect with others via video over the internet has existed for decades. However, Zoom has quickly taken over the market, outperforming well-established companies such as Skype and Google Hangouts. The reason why is simple: the product is superior in both quality and reliability. Zoom takes the video aspect of a video conference call seriously. The product is centered around providing optimal video and audio services no matter where in the world the meeting is taking place or how many people are participating. Its founder and CEO, Eric Yuan describes his drive to create Zoom was “to deliver happiness and bring teams together in a frictionless video environment” (Our Team, 2020). Zoom is a video-first company that resolved to maintain simplicity as a mere video conferencing platform. The result was a 30 million jump in the number of users from 2013 to 2015, all of which enjoyed the lack of video delay and a clearer image. Going Back to Basics Yuan’s initial idea for Zoom was not well received, however, due to the saturation of the market. His ideas were different, as he wanted to avoid becoming like Facebook, Twitter, and other social networking platforms and give businesses and universities the stable platform they needed for remote work and meetings. From the beginning, Zoom has had the advantage of working in an environment of universal connectivity and high-speed internet connections. Unlike Skype, which had to rely on one-to-one communication due to slow internet speed, Zoom could focus directly on providing a product that would allow for many people to be on the same call at once without affecting the quality of the video. Zoom’s solution was to employ a centralized server that acted more or less like a telephone switchboard, allowing the number of users to climb into the hundreds without their clients experiencing any impact on the video’s quality. When the company went public in 2019, it became hugely successful, experiencing a rise in its share price of 72% on its first day of trading. Now, the company is worth $35 million and serves major companies such as Uber, Walmart, and Samsung (Rogers, 2020). Zoom’s Unprecedented Rise However, the general public was unaware of Zoom and its benefits until 2020 amid the COVID-19 pandemic. Quarantine forced many people to work from home, causing businesses to rely on video-conferencing tools to maintain communication among workers. In an official statement, Zoom said, “During the COVID-19 pandemic, we are working around-the-clock to ensure that hospitals, universities, schools, and other businesses across the world can stay connected and operational” (Rogers, 2020). The company quickly dominated with its client base rising by 1,900%. Along with it went Yuan’s earnings, making him into a multi-billion dollar individual and ranking in the upper half of the world’s 500 richest people (Rogers, 2020). The success was not easy. As more people started to use the platform, more problems arose, specifically concerning privacy. Trolls started to interrupt meetings and classes to share graphic images and disrupt the proceedings. To combat this new phenomenon of “Zoom bombing,” the product now allows hosts to screen individuals before they are permitted into the meeting. Still, even greater privacy issues are surfacing. In just a few weeks, the company did not plan for a pandemic that would incentivize the world to work, educate, and socialize from a distance. Thus, the company has been accused of leaking thousands of user emails as a result of not using proper encryption. In short, the company was simply unprepared for the surge of users that were to come in 2020. Yuan responded, “We recognize that we have fallen short of the community’s — and our own — privacy and security expectations. For that, I am deeply sorry, and I want to share what we are doing about it” (Rogers, 2020). The measures that he wished to share include consulting with more experts, growing a “bug-bounty program,” and updating people weekly on the changes and progress happening in the company. Still, compared to other video conferencing platforms, Zoom was the best built to handle rapid growth. Zoom was created on a cloud-native strategy. It lacks any dependency on legacy technologies that are not compatible with the cloud. Other companies, such as Microsoft, are reliant on middleman architecture to connote to the cloud. However, this brings with it many limitations, particularly in regards to scaling the technology. Zoom, on the other hand, utilizes a distributed network, multimedia routing, multi-bitrate encoding, and quality of service application layer (Bratu, 2020)ff. These tactics promote Zoom’s main focus on optimizing the video and audio services for businesses, schools, universities, and other users. Improving the Experience Also, Zoom is continuously updating the customer’s experience. After meeting their expectations for video and audio quality, Zoom has been adding new features that facilitate its use while also improving the quality of meetings people are now engaging in all over the world. For example, Zoom gave more control to the host, installed a raised hand function, is equipped with a chat, and features a Q&A section specifically for questions. In 2019, 300 innovations were added to the platform (Bratu, 2020). Regarding customer experience, Zoom’s head of Gilbeal Services, Nick Chong, says, “We have a relentless focus on making the best product with the best user experience. This is ultimately what every customer wants. Toward this end, we spend much of our time listening to customers and fine-tuning our software to fit their needs” (Sloan, 2020). Therefore, it is no surprise to see they have a high recommendation rate and excellent reviews. Conclusion Zoom is an innovative platform that has taken over an old market space. Although they entered an already busy market, their dedication to their goal of optimizing video quality for video conferencing has pushed them to exceed already well-established competitors. Even in a time of uncertainty and insecurity, Zoom invested in future-forward methods that have resulted in the company’s sudden growth. Even as the world goes back to normal after the COVID-19 pandemic, Zoom can still expect to perform well. The pandemic opened up the possibility of operating businesses and classes at a distance, and Zoom will be the number one choice to conduct those important endeavors. References Bratu, E. (2020). Zoom Success [Part 1] Why Zoom Is the Go-To Platform for Video Communication. Retrieved 2020, Sept. 9, from https://qualitance.com/blog/zoom-success-why-goto-…. Our Team. (2020). Retrieved 2020, Sept. 9, from https://zoom.us/team. Rogers, N. (2020). Meet Eric Yuan, the founder and CEO of Zoom, who has made nearly $4 billion in 3 months as usage of his video conferencing software skyrockets amid the coronavirus pandemic. Retrieved 2020, Sept. 9, from https://www.businessinsider.com/meet-zoom-billiona…. Sloan, M. (2020). The 3 Secrets Behind Zoom’s Triple-Digit Growth. Retrieved 2020, Sept. 9, from https://www.drift.com/blog/how-zoom-grew/. Women in Leadership Roles Nicholas D Turner University of North Florida Women in Leadership Roles In the current world, technological changes have had significant effects on the healthcare sector. One of these impacts entails changes in the managerial structure due to an increase in women assuming executive positions. However, a key concern revolves around the differential treatment accorded to women in these roles. Various studies have found that the healthcare sector has very few women in chief executive officer (CEO) positions, a factor that shows inequality. Apart from the few CEOs, the studies have also discovered unfair treatment directed towards women in the healthcare sector. Despite these drawbacks, the bottom line is that both men and women can enhance performance and bring valuable assets to an organization and its staff members with proper education and training. (Bismark et al,2015) The surprising fact is that due to a high number of female nurses, most managers in healthcare settings are women. However, the situation will change as the number of male nurses increases, which means that more men will assume managerial positions in departments currently occupied by women. On another matter, women have been successful in healthcare management due to the benefits associated with their leadership. One of these benefits is that female leaders can be more empathetic due to their maternal nature, a factor that resonates with the medical field. Furthermore, female managers have a better understanding of the staff members since most employees in the healthcare sector are women due to the high number of female nurses. (Alwazzan, Angari,2020) The factor makes female leaders easily approachable in case of problems facing the employees in a medical facility. Another advantage of female leaders is that most of them use a charismatic or transformational leadership style. These styles inspire and motivate a unified focus towards achieving organizational objectives. Moreover, using charismatic or transformational leadership enhances cooperation since the leader focuses on intervention as a correctional method. Despite the effectiveness of the leadership styles, the leadership techniques pull back women from assuming higher administrative positions since most people argue that top managers should employ transactional leadership, a style that associates with most men.(Gonzalez et al,2017) On the contrary, female leadership can be disadvantageous to an organization due to several factors. A significant drawback that affects female leadership revolves around their emotional nature. In this regard, the primary argument is that most female leaders allow emotions to cloud their judgment, a factor that might affect the organization. Additionally, most top managers do not choose women for higher positions due to the notion that women have a high relational adjustment. A high relational adjustment means that women consider others’ emotions while relaying messages, leading to indirect communication and a lack of clarity when conveying negative news (Herrera, 2017). In this regard, a common belief is that men tend to be more honest and direct in communication, thus leading to higher profits. Another factor that affects women’s leadership is family associations due to the notion that women need to have a better work-life balance. On this note, most companies understand that CEOs work for long hours, thus avoid offering women top positions since the need to maintain a work-life balance might affect a company’s performance. (Elias,2018) In the current era, things have changed due to the formation of a social dynamic that understands the woman as a second income in the family. Therefore, more women are having to work, which is challenging due to demanding family roles. According to a study by Kalaitzi females attested to holding an unequal responsibility for home activities. Moreover, the research shows that only 0 to 3 percent of males reported family-related workforce withdrawal compared to 9-27 percent of females (Kalaitzi et al,2019). Due to such high family demands, most women in CEO positions forego having children or having a family to cater to career demands associated with the position. However, the unfair part is that most women in CEO positions earn less than their male counterparts despite considerable family sacrifices and excessive time at work. Despite these drawbacks and family responsibilities, women can achieve the same amount of success accorded to men if given more opportunities. In this regard, women are naturally caring people, which means that female leadership treats staff members as a family extension. Treating employees as family entails ensuring fair practices in the organization and ensuring that every staff member attains the necessary task execution tools. Enhancing women’s success in leadership roles requires an organization to understand that women perform better in organizations that create a sense of purpose. From this perspective, creating a sense of meaning is essential for working women since it enhances satisfaction while away from home (Herrera, 2017). Therefore, an organization that creates meaning allows women to create positive energy and concentrate on core strengths, thus providing significance. Additionally, female leadership is more likely to recognize job performance and offer positive feedback or a simple thank you. Appreciating staff members for exemplary performance enhances performance due to increased morale. Furthermore, women are good at picking up staff members’ emotions and intervening to find solutions, even if the activity will involve personal assistance. Moreover, women are better at multitasking, which is a core strength in management due to various processes and activities that require attention at once. In conclusion, regardless of gender, managing a healthcare facility or a big corporation is not easy. Despite the challenges, women have managed to hold managerial positions in clinics, healthcare units, and medical facilities, which means that female leadership is a viable administrative option. In this regard, if adequately supported, women can be great leaders due to their caring nature. The factor is not always a disadvantage since the high emotional connection associated with female leadership is essential for developing great employees. The reason for this is since the appeal to emotions enhances performance since it helps reduce employee turnover caused by hostile work situations and negativity in the workplace. The reason for this is since staff members respond better to positivity and the formation of strong relationships with colleagues that enhance the work experience through the creation of collaborative practices. References Alwazzan, L., & Al-Angari, S. S. (2020). Women’s leadership in academic medicine: a systematic review of extent, condition and interventions. BMJ open, 10(1), e032232. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2019-032232 Bismark, M., Morris, J., Thomas, L., Loh, E., Phelps, G., & Dickinson, H. (2015). Reasons and remedies for under-representation of women in medical leadership roles: a qualitative study from Australia. BMJ open, 5(11), e009384. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009384 Dhatt, R., Theobald, S., Buzuzi, S., Ros, B., Vong, S., Muraya, K., Molyneux, S., Hawkins, K., González-Beiras, C., Ronsin, K., Lichtenstein, D., Wilkins, K., Thompson, K., Davis, K., & Jackson, C. (2017). The role of women’s leadership and gender equity in leadership and health system strengthening. Global health, epidemiology and genomics, 2, e8. https://doi.org/10.1017/gheg.2016.22 Elias E. (2018). Lessons learned from women in leadership positions. Work (Reading, Mass.), 59(2), 175–181. https://doi.org/10.3233/WOR-172675 Herrera, S. A. (2017). Exemplary leadership: A mixed-methods case study discovering how female chief executive officers create meaning (Order No. 10271696). Available from ProQuest Central. (1891739615). Retrieved from https://prx-herzing.lirn.net/login?url=https://sea… Kalaitzi, S., Cheung, K. L., Hiligsmann, M., Babich, S., & Czabanowska, K. (2019). Exploring Women Healthcare Leaders’ Perceptions on Barriers to Leadership in Greek Context. Frontiers in public health, 7, 68. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2019.00068 Proposal Nicholas D Turner University of North Florida 10-19-20 Proposal Situation Analysis My research aims to solve the hiring and wage inequality problem in the United States. Wage inequality is the primary cause of the majority of economic challenges Americans face. This problem has led to harsh living conditions for minority races. The racial wealth gap is increasing rapidly, and this is can no longer be hidden. One may argue that income disparities do not influence the current American economic system; however, research shows otherwise (Sullivan, Meschede, Dietrich, & Shapiro, 2015). It is disconcerting how people are comfortable with the current level of inequality in employment. The current attitude is “inequality is an unnecessary evil.” Education is a crucial determinant of income among the Whites but not the Blacks. The level of knowledge of an African American does not matter; he or she is guaranteed to earn less. Studies show that a White graduate with the same education level, skills, and experience is 22% more likely to get employed than his Black counterpart with the same qualifications (Aston, Hill, & Tackey, 2006). Similarly, White and Black degree holders are expected to have a minimum salary of $75,000 and $65,000, respectively. To build a greater America, we have to end the policies and practices that benefit one race at the other’s expense. Qualifications As a student with a degree in Economics, I have the required knowledge and skills to design an intervention implemented by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. My suggested solution is to construct a metropolitan program that traces an act of discrimination back to a specific local area. Detecting corrupt and biased employers is one way to end inequality. Methods I will use traditional and digital channels to create awareness of the current income inequality situation and the proposed solutions. Frequent advertisements on television and radio will spread information on the ongoing wage inequalities. I will send my intervention via email to the Employment Commission. Failure of the commission to acknowledge my intervention is not a hindrance. I will publish my plan and its results in magazines, newspapers, and online platforms for free. Costs My program will be implemented as from 2022. Developing a program that evaluates the practices of elected and appointed officials and the management, in general, is not easy, hence the extended time frame. Implementing this intervention is very expensive. The total cost will range between 30,000 and 35,000 dollars. Benefits My primary objective is to minimize racial wage gaps caused by income inequality. If the answers to these questions are yes, then I will know my program is successful. Do all job applications follow a standard routine? Do organization policies include penalties for abuse or discrimination in the workplace? Do employees have bargaining rights in your local area? Do payroll deductions occur rarely? Strategy The next step is to ask for financial support from friends, family, and non-governmental institutions. Then, survey structured interviews and questionnaires to determine the different ways that inequality is portrayed at workplaces. Once this is complete, I can publish my findings and create awareness through media channels. References Aston, J., Hill, D., & Tackey, N. D. (2006). The experience of claimants in race discrimination Employment Tribunal cases. Department of Trade and industry. Sullivan, L., Meschede, T., Dietrich, L., & Shapiro, T. (2015). The racial wealth gap. Institute for Assets and Social Policy, Brandeis University. DEMO
Eastern Nazarene College Professional Business Communications Final Portfolio
GCCCD Indigenous Music of Australia Aboriginal Music Research Essay
GCCCD Indigenous Music of Australia Aboriginal Music Research Essay.
You are required to write a 5-page (double-spaced, standard tabs) research paper about a musical culture NOT covered in this course. Areas covered in this course include India, Indonesia, Japan, Middle East, Sub-Saharan Africa, Latin America and the Caribbean, so you can choose any part of the world OTHER than these. Some areas to consider are: Native America, Polynesia, Australia, China, Korea, Ireland, Portugal, Greece, Arctic Circle…. wherever, as long as it’s not covered in our course.For this assignment, please use Nettl’s 3-part model, addressed in “Unit 1: Introduction” and Chapter 1 in our textbook. Focus on the Sounds, Behaviors and Ideas or Conceptions that govern the sounds and behaviors of the musical genre/activity you choose. It’s best if you stick to a specific genre or ensemble from whatever region you choose for this research paper. For example, if you wanted to write about music from Spain, don’t try to summarize all Spanish music (too broad, too big) but pick a specific genre or activity to focus on, such as Flamenco. Want to research Hawaiian music? Stick to hula or string bands. The point is, focus on one genre or activity from a region and give in-depth details, not just a broad, surface cultural overview.Sound:What sounds are you hearing? Talk about the instruments (and voices) of the musical genre/activity. What are they made of and what do they sound like? Are there any rules or restrictions surrounding these instruments, like who can play or when one can play? Can you comment on the texture and form of the music? Texture refers to layers of activity. How many musicians are present and how do they relate to one another? Form refers to how the music is organized and presented,. How long does a performance last and how are the melodies and rhythms arranged. Lastly, what does the music sound like to you, the outsider?Behaviors:What activities are associated with this musical genre/activity? What are people doing while this musical activity is happening? Is there a specific purpose or function surrounding this music, or is it just for enjoyment/entertainment? Does this musical activity have any behavioral restrictions regarding religion, age or gender? Is everyone participating communally or are the musicians/singers/dancers presenting music to an audience…. why? Lastly, can you draw any connections to musical behaviors in your life or culture?Ideas/Conceptions:What ideas or conceptions govern the sounds and behaviors of your chosen musical genre/activity? Why are people creating this music and why are people participating? Address ideas surrounding history, culture and musical evolution. Most musical genres throughout the world express indigenous and foreign, or outsider aspects. What traits are uniquely regional, or indigenous, and what traits are coming from an outside influence and why? Again, almost all music has a combination of both! How have politics, religion or human migration affected this musical genre/activity? Lastly, can you relate what you learned to your own life experiences?
GCCCD Indigenous Music of Australia Aboriginal Music Research Essay