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University of Idaho Africa and the Americas Essay

University of Idaho Africa and the Americas Essay.

Lesson 6 Assignment Instructions:Two written essays and the answers to ten identifications must be submitted for grading for this lesson.Each essay should be 3 double-spaced, typed pages.Be sure you address all aspects of the essay proposal, using information from the text.Also include some analysis and any conclusions you have reached based on what you have read.Essays (70 points)Essay 1: Discuss the main civilizations of Africa. What similarities of differences were there between the different geographic regions (East, West and South) of the continent?Essay 2: Compare and contrast the early societies of Mexico (Olmec, Maya, Teotihuacan) with the cultures of North America (Cahokia, Anasazi). What are the major differences between these cultures? Why were these civilizations abandoned?Identifications (30 points)Identify and explain the historical significance of the following terms. (Items on the exams will be chosen from these terms.)OlmecMeroeTeotihuacanAxumCahokiaNiger RiverMocheChavinAnasaziMayaLink for Textbook via WeTransfer: https://wetransfer.com/downloads/869ffc313c9baddb9b1629549ff0209020200806024014/81b118
University of Idaho Africa and the Americas Essay

The law of evidence/IP 2. I’m stuck on a Law question and need an explanation.

Address the following in 2-3 pages:

Identify and describe 5 different types of specific demonstrative evidence.
What can demonstrative evidence be used to show? Explain.
Define authentication (Rule 901, Federal Rules of Evidence).
What types of evidence must be authenticated? Explain why.
How is authentication related to relevance? Explain.
Thoroughly explain the process of authenticating both real evidence and demonstrative evidence.

How are the processes similar? How are they different? Explain.

Specifically, how can the following be authenticated? Explain in detail:

Pictorial evidence (photographs, X-rays, videos, and automatic devices)
Computer printouts
Maps, models, diagrams, charts, and summaries

What are the different stages in the evidence chain of custody?

Why is the chain of custody so important to successful prosecutions? Explain in detail.

Use at least 3 scholarly resources to fully support your responses.
Be sure to reference all sources using APA style.

The law of evidence/IP 2

The nativists and the empiricists have been at odds since their inception. Nativist thought, that which focuses on the idea that there are some innate ideas existing prior to concrete experience, allows for the existence of archetypal knowledge and a communal unconscious. One of the most prominent nativists was Descartes, who believed that there are, indeed, some forms of knowledge which are built in, as it were, to the human psyche. An empiricist however, like Locke, perceives the mind as being a completely blank slate (“tabula rasa”), and is a thing to be built up from a state of no knowledge. At times, it is important to examine the opposites in a given point of view so as to better understand both and, perhaps, to find some commonality to help differentiate (like Heidegger on page ), the good philosophical roads from the bad. It is the purpose of this paper to present both Locke’s empiricism and Descartes’ nativism with the intent to compare and contrast the two philosopher’s favored approaches to the great questions of their day, and why. Nativism, at its core, is the belief that the human soul brings with it innate knowledge that is necessary for its very definition. “A soul or mind without a body would have consciousness, but only of the innate ideas; it would lack the sensory impressions and ideas of material things that occupy normal human consciousness most of the time. Thus the body presumably adds richness to the contents of the soul consciousness, while the soul adds rationality and volition to the cause of behavior (Fancher, 1996)”. Empiricism is a philosophical doctrine that states that all knowledge is derived from experience. For the great number of empiricists, experience includes inner experience-reflection upon the mind and its operations-as well as the inclusion of sense perception. This position is opposed to nativism in that it denies the existence of innate ideas. According to the empiricist, all ideas are derived from experience. Therefore, knowledge of the physical world can be nothing more than an application of experience from particular instances. While these two philosophies are certainly at odds with each other, depending upon the argument, I think both are correct, and both are wrong. In fact, the center of the argument between the nativists and the empiricists (i.e. Locke) is one that seems to hinge, in great part, upon the argument of God – of science and religion. The central question in that relationship between religion and science is as follows: “are religious doctrines, spiritual enlightenment, and the fundamental ethical precepts that arise from religion and spirituality transcendental”. In other words, do they exist separately from human contrivance awaiting discovery, in the way the laws of physics exist and await discovery? Or, contrary to this transcendental metaphysics, which is the core of traditional theology, are religious doctrines, spiritual enlightenment, and ethical precepts instead contrivances of the human mind and culture arising from millions of years of combined genetic and cultural evolution? This is the empiricist world view of the human condition (Wilson, 1999). Nativism, as espoused by Descartes, requires that the soul be embodied with knowledge and experience prior to association with the body. If the soul is imbedded by God as the manner by which we may commune with Him, then it stands to reason that the mechanisms for such communication would be imprinted into the soul prior to insertion. “The nativist’s task, then, is to describe for us a device embodying brute-causal processes which can be covered, variously, by any of the primary and secondary laws just mentioned. That is, while it’s perfectly acceptable, when dealing with reference per se, to abstract from the mechanisms which sustain the networks of nomological relations that are envisaged, such abstraction is emphatically not acceptable when concept-acquisition is at issue. For it is precisely on account of those mechanisms that an acquisition theory must provide (Cowie, 1998). Clearly, at the center of the debate between the nativism of Descartes and the empiricism of Locke, is that while it cannot be argued that humans develop thought and ideas over the course of their lives, I think it can be argued that the mind either comes with pre-installed ideas, or without. For many, like instinctual or innate behavior, the idea that actual thought forms would be imbedded is not too unreasonable. One has only to look at the Jungian take on archetypal knowledge to see that there is the possibility of this truth. However, there is also the very legitimate argument that knowledge and ideas can only come from actual experience, like Locke, and therefore our minds start out completely empty. This debate, like many, centers on the argument of God.

Find Article about –Topic – (Texture, Frottage ) (20 sentences and reply to the 2 posts with 6 sentence each

Find Article about –Topic – (Texture, Frottage ) (20 sentences and reply to the 2 posts with 6 sentence each. I need help with a English question. All explanations and answers will be used to help me learn.

Find Article about Topic – (Texture, Frottage) (20 sentences and reply to the 2 posts with 6 sentence each
1- Please post your responses for the Article (20 sentences or more with websites and/or visual examples) to the article link above Please share what you learned, did not know, how the topic/learning changed your view toward the topic now, and more with classmates.

2- reply to the 2 post with 6 sentences each on
a-Frottage is the technique of obtaining an impression of the surface texture of a material, such as wood. Doing this by placing a piece of paper over it and rubbing it with a soft pencil. The surrealist Max Ernst is credited with first using frottage in a more complex fashion. Max Ernst started using the frottage technique in his work in 1925. As some might still recall from their childhood days, this technique involves laying a piece of paper on a structured surface and making a rubbing of its texture with a pencil. A floor’s structure inspired him to place a piece of paper on the floorboards and then transfer its compositions to the sheet with graphite. He made prints by rubbing graphite over textured wooden planks. Then would use the resulting patterns to stimulate his creative imagination. He would look to see what shapes and images were suggested by the marks and then work them up into surreal fantasy artworks. This technique can be used for excellent art pieces but are very common or childlike experiments.
Now, it is hard to capture texture in a drawing. We touch an object and can feel that it is smooth or rough, but how do we translate what we feel into what we see. A hard, flat surface such as metal or glass is highly reflective. The light hits more of the surface and bounces off. This creates sharp, crisp edges and stronger contrasts of light and dark values. A soft surface such as cloth or leaves absorbs the light, creating smooth transitions between highlights and shadows. Rough surfaces are uneven; the sun hits less of the surface or beats it in less or infrequent areas. The reflected light is less, making softer variances in values. But the more profound the dips or crevices, the rougher the texture is. Uneven surfaces like tree bark, have many small ridges that catch the light on the high ridge with a dark shadow behind the ridge, creating stronger variances.
b-Starting with texture, this is a very interesting concept when used in the art world. As a child I was fascinated to find out that some paintings have texture. If you were to touch many artists’ paintings you would find a highly rigid and rough surface. This I found to be true because my mother has some of her own paintings hanging in our home. Over the years I appreciated these paintings with more than my eyes, being the curious child I am. Honestly I think as far as touching art works is considered it’s a sad time we live in. It really can detract from the arts experience not being able to fully observe an artwork with all of our senses. But like one of my ressources, https://learn.saylor.org/mod/page/view.php?id=4320 (Links to an external site.), talks about not all texture is tactile, it can be visual. Yes, even photographs can give a great sense of texture. The subject in which is captured may have texture that is apparent. The artist may also paint in a textured style. You can clearly tell the difference in these pieces that show texture because each item captured has its own texture. Frottage is really another example of visually captured texture. This is a french derived word. It means “to rub”, in this artistic sense it is the rubbing of lead or another marking tool to reveal the texture of an object’s surface onto paper. This is a concept that I learned at least fifteen years ago in elementary school. Many artists use this technique for example here are a few from my source, https://hammer.ucla.edu/exhibitions/2015/apparitions-frottages-and-rubbings-from-1860-to-now (Links to an external site.), Henri Michaux, Eva Kmentová, Roy Lichtenstein, and Jindřich Štýrský. My source https://www.sophia.org/tutorials/elements-of-art-texture (Links to an external site.) suggests that you should take a “textuere walk.” But I would encourage you to take a frottage walk. Enjoy nature and take a rubbing of the texture of the tree bark, concrets of sidewalk, braille on signs, maybe even the lettering of a stop sign. This could help you to experience new textures. You may even be inspired to use frottage to give your art visual texture. These are interesting subjects to learn about. Expeciall more in depth as an adult, renewing my childlike want to touch everything that looks interesting. As an artists we should go against conventions and use our individuality. If for you that’s incorporating frottage to your images then so be it. Texture is a way to give a piece of art real visual/tactile interest.Sources:https://learn.saylor.org/mod/page/view.php?id=4320 (Links to an external site.) https://www.tate.org.uk/art/art-terms/f/frottage (Links to an external site.) https://hammer.ucla.edu/exhibitions/2015/apparitions-frottages-and-rubbings-from-1860-to-now (Links to an external site.) https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/frottage (Links to an external site.) https://www.sophia.org/tutorials/elements-of-art-texture (Links to an external site.)
Find Article about –Topic – (Texture, Frottage ) (20 sentences and reply to the 2 posts with 6 sentence each

Section 9: “Create”: THE FINAL ASSIGNMENT WORKSHOP

professional essay writers Section 9: “Create”: THE FINAL ASSIGNMENT WORKSHOP.

SHORT FICTION: The Art of the TaleENGL-315Final AssignmentProbably the most effective way to demonstrate your understanding of the short story form is to create a story yourself. For this assignment you will be writing an homage to one of the authors/stories we have read this semester.
“Homage is a show or demonstration of respect or dedication to someone or something, sometimes by simple declaration but often by some more oblique reference, artistic or poetic. The term is often used in the arts for where one author or artist shows respect to another by allusion or imitation; this is often treated and pronounced as the French hommage.”Your story should demonstrate ALL of the craft techniques displayed in published short stories: an understanding of plot {see Aristotle’s Plot Diagram or Freytag’s Plot Diagram}, character development {Be sure to use Forester’s methods of character development}, point of view {pick ONE point of view and stay in it throughout your story!}, and setting development {make certain your setting is integral to the story—readers should say that your story could not have taken place anywhere else!}, as well as a solid theme that is not clichéd or trite {the best themes arise from the story itself—you should NOT state your theme directly within the story!}. Your story should also use figurative language, imagery, and symbolism. In other words, you are trying not only to create a story that holds your reader’s interest, but that also CLEARLY demonstrates that you know the techniques required for literary short fiction.Your Create Assignment should also include a 350 word Critical Reflection on the writing of your story which discusses the following:Your goals for this creative piece: What story are you trying to parody? Which elements of the story are you focusing on and attempting to draw attention to? Explain what you want your audience to experience through your parody. Your use of specific techniques to accomplish these goals: What story elements that have been discussed this semester (plot, character development, etc.) are you using to create this story?How and where do you see your story in conversation with the work you have chosen to parody? Do you think your work compliments or is critical certain elements of the story? Do you see your story challenging the existing story or collaborating with it? If so, how? Your Critical Reflection will be worth 25% of the grade of your final writing assignment, so please be sure to take your time on this assignment and include it with your final draft.A rough draft of this assignment will be due to the discussion board by the posted due date. You will then have one day to provide critical feedback to three of your peers, and then you will have to use that feedback to revise your final draft.Let’s also try to remember that this is supposed to be a fictional writing assignment, and when we respond to our peers’ work, we should assume that it is fictional and not autobiographical. I have provided several examples of successful parodies from previous semesters for you to see.As always, if you have any questions or concerns, please let me know.
Section 9: “Create”: THE FINAL ASSIGNMENT WORKSHOP

Discussion 2: Data Analysis

Discussion 2: Data Analysis.

Discussion 2: Data AnalysisYou are now aware of the terms population, sample, and confidence intervals. You will be required to answer questions about these terms in this this week’s Discussion.To prepare for this Discussion, review the following problem:Review and respond to problem 5 under “Data Analysis” on page 409 of your course text.To determine the solution to problem 5, you will need to:calculate the mean of all the park acreages (the “population mean”)select a random sample of 20 of the valuescalculate the sample mean,construct a 90% confidence interval around that sample meandetermine whether the population mean can be found within your confidence intervalBy Day 4Post a 200- to 250-word response that addresses the following question: Is the population mean contained in the confidence interval? Be sure to justify your explanation.Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.By Day 7Respond to two or more of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:Ask a probing question.Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.Offer and support an opinion.Make a suggestion.Expand on your colleague’s posting.Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you learned and the insights you gained from the comments your colleagues made.Note: Refer to the Discussion Template in the Course Information area of the course navigation menu for your main post and response.Submission and Grading InformationGrading CriteriaTo access your rubric:Week 4 Discussion 2 RubricPost by Day 4 and Respond by Day 7To participate in this Discussion:Week 4 Discussion 2Week 5: Hypothesis TestingDo you find that you base your day-to-day decisions on data, assumptions, or a combination of both? Before beginning this course, did you explore any data about the course or make any assumptions? That is to say, do you use data to make a hypothesis about a potential course of action?A hypothesis is a claim made for the sake of argument. Once a hypothesis is made, it can be tested. In statistics, hypothesis testing allows the tester to evaluate claims about a population. This week, you will learn how to apply the concepts of valid hypothesis testing. You will focus on the definitions and types of hypotheses and learn how to test a hypothesis using confidence intervals.Learning ObjectivesStudents will:Apply hypothesis testing to solve problemsIdentify concepts related to hypotheses testingPhoto Credit: [Hans Slegers]/[Hemera / Getty Images Plus]/Getty ImagesLearning ResourcesRequired ReadingsBluman, A. G. (2014). Elementary statistics: A step-by-step approach (9th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
Chapter 8, “Hypothesis Testing” (pp. 413–486)McGraw-Hill. (2014). Connect Math. Retrieved from http://www.connectmath.comAccess this website for your quiz this week.Document: Week 5 Study Notes (PDF) The Study Notes support the course content presented in Week 5.Optional ResourcesKhan Academy. (2014). You can learn anything. Retrieved from www.khanacademy.orgUniversity of Baltimore. (2015). Dr. Arsham’s statistics site. Retrieved from http://home.ubalt.edu/ntsbarsh/Business-stat/opre5…Note: Although not required, you may consider reviewing all sections in your course text on Minitab, Microsoft Excel, and TI-83 and 84 as optional material that may be helpful.Discussion: Hypothesis TestingHypothesis testing allows you to verify whether a supposition is correct. By considering the variables, you may also be able to analyze the reason why the hypothesis is proven correct or incorrect.To prepare for this discussion, find a news story that presents statistics as evidence. Consider the following questions:What are they trying to prove? I.e., what question are they trying to answer?What would the null hypothesis be–how could they say that what they are trying to prove isn’t happening?What would happen if they rejected the null?What action would they take?If there were a type I error, what would be the effect of the action taken?What would happen if they could not reject the null?What action would they take?If there was a type II error, what would be the effect of the action?By Day 3Post a brief, 200- to 250-word statement that identifies the null and alternative hypotheses involved in your article, the implications of the two potential conclusions that might have resulted, and the impact of potential Type I and/or Type II errors. Refer to the “Type II Error and the Power of a Test” section in the course text as well as reputable sources on the Internet to help in the formulation of your post.Read a selection of your colleagues’ postings.By Day 6Respond to two or more of your colleagues’ postings in one or more of the following ways:Ask a probing question.Share an insight from having read your colleague’s posting.Offer and support an opinion.Make a suggestion.Expand on your colleague’s posting.Return to this Discussion in a few days to read the responses to your initial posting. Note what you learned and the insights you gained from the comments your colleagues made.Note: Refer to the Discussion Template in the Course Information area of the course navigation menu for your main post and response.Submission and Grading InformationGrading CriteriaTo access your rubric:Week 5 Discussion RubricPost by Day 3 and Respond by Day 6To participate in this Discussion:Week 5 DiscussionAssignment: Applying the ConceptsCompanies often develop and test hypotheses about their products. Regulatory and consumer protection groups must also test claims resulting from hypotheses used to promote products.By Day 7Submit a 1- to 2-page paper that addresses the following:Assume you are working at the Consumer Protection Agency. Recently, you have been getting complaints about the highway gas mileage of a new minivan. The car company agrees to allow you to select randomly 41 of its new minivans to test their highway mileage. The company claims that its minivans get 28 miles per gallon on the highway. Your test results show a sample mean of 26.7 and a sample standard deviation of 4.2.Part 1 (Confidence Interval):Calculate a 95% confidence interval around your sample mean.Is the claimed mean inside your confidence interval?What does your result mean, in terms of the company’s claim?Part 2 (Two-tail test):List the null and alternative hypotheses for the appropriate test.Use alpha = 0.05. Find the critical value(s) and calculate the observed value of the test statistic.Is the observed test statistic in the critical (rejection) region?Will the p-value be higher or lower than your alpha? What does this result mean, in terms of the company’s claim?Part 3 (One-tail test):List the null and alternative hypotheses for the test.Use alpha = 0.05.Find the critical value and calculate the observed value of the test statistic.Is the observed test statistic in the critical region?Will the p-value be higher or lower than your alpha?What does this result mean, in terms of the company’s claim?Part 4 (Conclusion):What conclusions did you reach?What did you learn from each method of checking the claim for means?Were there important differences between methods? Which method would you prefer?Which carries a higher risk of a type I error?Based on this experience, why do you think it’s important to decide on the method before conducting the test?Based on your results, do you support the company’s claim?What action, if any, should the company take?Note: The 1- to 2-page requirement does not include the graphs you prepare for this Assignment. Embed the graphs you create in the Word document with your written responses to the questions. Drawings may be hand-drawn and either scanned or photographed, or they may be drawn using Minitab or other statistical drawing packages.Submission and Grading InformationTo submit your completed Assignment for review and grading, do the following:Please save your Assignment using the naming convention “WK5Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” as the name.Click the Week 5 Assignment Rubric to review the Grading Criteria for the Assignment.Click the Week 5 Assignment link. You will also be able to “View Rubric” for grading criteria from this area.Next, from the Attach File area, click on the Browse My Computer button. Find the document you saved as “WK5Assgn+last name+first initial.(extension)” and click Open.If applicable: From the Plagiarism Tools area, click the checkbox for I agree to submit my paper(s) to the Global Reference Database.Click on the Submit button to complete your submission.Grading CriteriaTo access your rubric:Week 5 Assignment RubricCheck Your Assignment Draft for AuthenticityTo check your Assignment draft for authenticity:Submit your Week 5 Assignment draft and review the originality report.Submit Your Assignment by Day 7To submit your Assignment:Week 5 AssignmentWeek 5 QuizWelcome to the Week 5 Quiz.The quiz is available on Day 1 and remains available throughout the course. The quiz has no time limit and may be taken multiple times.By Day 7Complete the quiz of this week.Submission InformationTo access this week’s Quiz, click on the Connect Math link.http://www.connectmath.comWeek in ReviewIn this week, you learned how to apply the concepts of valid hypothesis testing. You also focused on the definitions and types of hypotheses and learn how to test a hypothesis using confidence intervals.In the next week, you will turn your attention to reflecting on the knowledge gained and how you can apply that knowledge toward your professional development.To go to the next week:Week 6
Discussion 2: Data Analysis

summary 5 books

summary 5 books.

Leadership and the New Science Leadership and the New Science: Discovering Order in a Chaotic World, by MARGARET WHEATLEY,and write a half page summary of each chapter. Upload summaries in one document.Primal Leadership, by Daniel GolemanPrimal Leadership, by Daniel Goleman, Write up half page summary of each chapter.Getting Past No, by William UryGetting Past No, by William Ury. Write up half page summary of each chapter.Whistling Vivaldi by Claude M. SteeleWhistling Vivaldi by Claude M. Steele Write a half page summary of each chapter. Upload summaries in one document.Visual Intelligence by Mary Ann Seward Barry (will count for three books)Write a half page summary of each chapter. Upload summaries as one document.The following content is partner providedDouble space and no larger than 12 font times/calibri. Upload summaries of each book in one document
summary 5 books