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University of California San Diego Art and Society Representations Discussion

University of California San Diego Art and Society Representations Discussion.

I’m working on a writing exercise and need support to help me learn.

4 FREE WRITES each of them 250 words.o a 10-min free-writing exercise every day for the next week.Write about whatever comes to you, but try to devote at least some of this free-writing time to thoughts about the two assigned chapters by John Berger from Ways of Seeing. Submit all of your free-writing exercises in one document. Ideally, you will complete and submit 7 separate free writes, but 4 is sufficient. The point is to write daily for 10 minutes, in order to get in the habit of writing. (Some writers write entire books in 10 minutes of writing per day!)This work will be graded only on whether you complete the assignment, not on the content of what you write.
University of California San Diego Art and Society Representations Discussion

1. There is considerable debate on why the framers of the constitution proposed the First Amendment. These range from Essay

1. There is considerable debate on why the framers of the constitution proposed the First Amendment. These range from enabling citizens to exercise their religious freedoms (the reason that many came to the colonies to begin with), enabling democratic governance, monitoring the government, and providing a substitute for political violence. Considering the various rationales supporting the First Amendment provided in your text, select what you believe is the most significant for contemporary society. Please make your thoughts clear in the form of an argument (thesis – I believe… and support – because of x, y, and z.). 2. upload a PDF file of or provide a link to an appropriate media item for the class media scanning project to the first discussion topic below. Please refer to your assignment sheet for recommendations on naming files/appropriate materials for posting. Please do NOT cut and paste your item into the D2L window. You’ll want to return to review your peers; media items and nominate your choices for Hot Topic and Sleeper topic. Book: Middleton, K and Lee, W., (2018). The Law of Public Communication , 10th edition . Boston: Pearson Education , Inc For number 2 instruction : Locate from an online forum, online version of a newspaper/ magazine, a video news report or podcast a substantial media item (typically at least 500 words or approximately 3-minutes of video/audio) regarding some aspect of U.S. citizen’s First Amendment rights. Although there is a good deal of very interesting international news on items related to free speech and freedom of religion elsewhere, these are outside the purview of our class. Your media scanning item must provide substantial information pertaining to the First Amendment in the U.S. Recent – Your media scanning item must be current news. Materials taken from daily or weekly publications must be posted within two weeks of the publication date while those appearing in monthly magazines/podcasts must be posted within the following month.

Ethical Decision Making

nursing essay writing service Ethical Decision Making. I’m working on a Management exercise and need support.

“Ethical Decision Making” Please respond to the following:

* From the e-Activity, create a list of three (3) best practices for companies that want to be socially responsible and suggest ways that companies can go about implementing these best practices.
Imagine that you work in a company. You were just in a meeting where you learned that your employer was anticipating declaring bankruptcy, and you know that your friend is going to place her life savings into the purchase of $20,000 worth of stock at your company. Evaluate the principle of ethics as it applies to leadership and determine the role of ethics as you move upward on the corporate ladder.

Ethical Decision Making

PHYS 1403 Stars and Galaxies Quasars Discovery Discussion Post

PHYS 1403 Stars and Galaxies Quasars Discovery Discussion Post.

Chose 3 topics for each chapter and describe them. At least 100 words per question. 1 reference each minimum. Total of 6 topics, 3 for chapter 27 and 3 for chapter 28Chapter 27: Active Galaxies, Quasars, and Supermassive Black HolesDescribe how quasars were discovered.Explain how astronomers determined that quasars are at the distances implied by their redshifts.Justify the statement that the enormous amount of energy produced by quasars is generated in a very small volume of space.Describe the characteristics common to all quasars.Justify the claim that supermassive black holes are the source of the energy emitted by quasars (and AGNs).Explain how a quasar’s energy is produced.Trace the rise and fall of quasars over cosmic time.Describe some of the ways in which galaxies and black holes influence each other’s growth.Describe some ways the first black holes may have formed.Explain why some black holes are not producing quasar emission but rather are quiescent.Chapter 28: The Evolution and Distribution of GalaxiesExplain how astronomers use light to learn about distant galaxies long ago.Discuss the evidence showing that the first stars formed when the universe was less than 10% of its current age.Describe the major differences observed between galaxies seen in the distant, early universe and galaxies seen in the nearby universe today.Explain how galaxies grow by merging with other galaxies and by consuming smaller galaxies (for lunch).Describe the effects that supermassive black holes in the centers of most galaxies have on the fate of their host galaxies.Explain the cosmological principle and summarize the evidence that it applies to the largest scales of the known universe.Describe the contents of the Local Group of galaxies.Distinguish among groups, clusters, and superclusters of galaxies.Describe the largest structures seen in the universe, including voids.Explain how astronomers know that the solar system contains very little dark matter.Summarize the evidence for dark matter in most galaxies.Explain how we know that galaxy clusters are dominated by dark matter.Relate the presence of dark matter to the average mass-to-light ratio of huge volumes of space containing many galaxies.Summarize the main theories attempting to explain how individual galaxies formed.Explain how tiny “seeds” of dark matter in the early universe grew by gravitational attraction over billions of years into the largest structures observed in the universe: galaxy clusters and superclusters, filaments, and voids.
PHYS 1403 Stars and Galaxies Quasars Discovery Discussion Post

State terrorism and non-state terrorism

State terrorism and non-state terrorism. State terrorism is often a neglected phenomenon in terrorism studies. Discuss how terrorism has been used as a weapon by states over the past 50 years. Is state terrorism fundamentally different from non-state terrorism? ABSTRACT Over the past half century States like Zimbabwe, Iraq, Myanmar, North Korea and Bosnia have conducted violent actions, against their own nationals and foreigners home and abroad. These actions though lethal and damning were considered justified by the respective Governments as appropriate in the pursuit of political objectives. At the same time, these violent acts are condemned by the international community as terrorism. However the state justifies it actions as state security supported by its sovereignty and constitution notwithstanding the outcry. The Cold War was advertised as the ideal environment for state terrorism but with the absence of tangible evidence to support these claims studies only surmised the depth of its employment. The identity and nature of state terrorism have evolved considerably through the years particularly during the period of the 70’s and 80’s. The post-Cold War era has provided the backdrop for an increase in non-state terrorism predominantly because factions like the ‘Mujahideen’, that were given support in the fight between “super powers” were now determining their own future without any guiding hand or resources to support the efforts. These non state actors and the emergence of the phenomenon of radical Islamic terrorism have provided fodder to eclipse the focus on state terrorism. These apparent paradigms shift meant a decreased focus on state terrorism and a convergence on non state terrorism. This in no way signaled the discontinuance of the phenomenon but merely another evolution in the cycle and the possible creation of a more menacing brand of an already lethal ritual. This paper will be twofold in nature; initially it will explore the viability of state terrorism as an effective tool (using case studies) used by governments within the last 50 years to achieve its political aims. Secondly, it will submit as highlighted by Professor Igor Primoratz moral arguments that will highlight the differences between state terrorism and non state terrorism. 1. Introduction * Outline the paper * Define Terrorism, State terrorism, Non state terrorism * Thesis Statement – Even though states terrorism does not occupy the prime hallways in scholarly studies, it does not signal the closing stages of an art but merely a juncture in the evolution cycle of a lethal tendency 2. State terrorism as the first prominent form of terrorism * The early instances of state terrorism * Internal Terrorism – against national of a country, with a political aim * External Terrorism o Coercive diplomacy – discrete and controlled, and makes non compliance intolerable. o Covert state terrorism – aimed at producing fear and chaos o Surrogate terrorism – assistance to another state or organization to improve capability to perform terrorism o “Overt to covert” – Shift from state terrorism to state sponsored and state supported terrorism * Use of war as a proxy/ cover for state terrorism 3. Evolution of States Terrorism * Totalitarian states employment of revolutionary or ethno-focused terrorism * The Cold War struggle as fertile ground for state sponsorship of terrorism. * State terrorism as an extension of foreign policy * Politico-religious motivated states terrorism 4. Uses of Terrorism by state actors * Case studies of totalitarian regimes o Joseph Stalin and Russia – 1922 – 1953 o Adolf Hitler and Germany – 1934 – 1945 o Idi Amin and Uganda – 1971 – 1979 o Augosto Pinochet and Chile – 1974 – 1990 o Robert Mubabe and Zimbabwe – 1987 to present 5. Shift away from state sponsored terrorism * Post Cold War era changes in philosophies of traditional sponsors of terrorism * International pressure due to treaties and conventions * Terror groups forced to be motivated towards self determination as a means for resources and safe havens. * The synthetic drugs era and the impact on terrorism financing * Globalization 6. Differences between state terrorism and non state terrorism * Moral Arguments o The state mode of terrorism claims vastly more victims than terrorism by non-state actors. o State terrorism is mired and compounded by secrecy, deception and hypocrisy. o State terrorism breaches international commitments but non state terrorism can never. o Non state terrorism is often justified by the argument of no alternative. 7. Conclusion * Though there has been a shift in focus on the topic of state terrorism, there has been no decrease in its employment; rather it means that states were probably given the opportunity to unleash a greater diversity of lethality against its enemies. * Further, less focus meant that states could continue to use a hidden hand to provide the motivation to non state actors to destabilize and destroy its political enemies, while embedding terrorism as a fundamental instrument of the states machinery, its foreign policy and counter-terrorism policies. Bibliography: Ahmad, I., Excerpts from the chapter titled ‘State Sponsored Terrorism’, in Veryan Knan, ed., Beacham’s Encyclopedia of Terrorism, Washington, DC: Beacham Publishing, 2010. BBC online, 2009, retrieved on 27 December 2009. Bjorgo, T., Root Causes of Terrorism: Myths, reality and ways forward, London and New York: Routledge, 2008, pp. 198-213. Byman, D., ‘The Changing Nature of State Sponsorship of Terrorism’. The Saban Centre for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution, Analysis paper Number 16: retrieved on 23 December 2009. Byman, D., Deadly Connections: States that Sponsor Terrorism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005a. Croswell, A., Ostergard, R.State terrorism and non-state terrorism

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