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University of California Irvine Gothic Architecture Essay

University of California Irvine Gothic Architecture Essay.

Length: 3 pages, typewritten, double-spacedSome background on the relationship between authority and tradition in the Middle Ages Given the complexity of the issue, it is difficult to make generalizations about the nature of authority in our society and culture. But I think that it is safe to say that things were very different in the Middle Ages. We are open to the possibility of questioning authority and in fact are often encouraged to do so. Thus we entertain the possibility of change. This was not the case in medieval society and culture generally across the over one thousand year span of its history. Authority resided in clearly defined entities—the word of God (the Bible and the liturgy), the church, the emperor and the king—and it often followed a clearly defined path. That path may be thought of as tradition. Tradition represented a more or less clearly defined way of doing things based on the power imputed to authority. Under these circumstances the process of change took on an entirely different cast. Change clearly occurred in the Middle Ages, but how did it take place? How did it come about that an often deeply engrained pattern of thinking or behavior or practice was changed in the Middle Ages? One way was through the initiative of a powerful or charismatic individual who reacted to difficult circumstances in a new and original way. 2.The AssignmentWhat I would like you to do in this paper is to write about the relationship between tradition and innovation with regard to the architecture of one of the three patrons described below. Each of these patrons undertook major initiatives in art and architecture. Constantine built and decorated the first monumental Christian churches in Rome (St. Peter’s). Justinian is most famous for the building of St. Sophia (Hagia Sophia). Abbot Suger of St. Denis rebuilt the church of his monastery in a style that would come to be called Gothic, with lofty vaults and windows filled with stained glass. Each of these initiatives profoundly altered the visual landscape of the Middle Ages. They changed the way Christian churches looked. At the same time, these initiatives were all deeply indebted to the past. They respected and made use of tradition. Constantine’s churches took over the form of the ancient Roman basilica; Hagia Sophia followed in the tradition of Roman domed buildings, such as the Pantheon; and Abbot Suger’s church was modeled on the Early Christian basilica. Select one of these patrons and discuss these questions: How and why does the work embody something new? How and why does it make use of traditional forms? 3.ConstantineConstantine (272-337) was the first Roman emperor to accept Christianity as a legitimate religion. According to legend, he was converted to Christianity by a vision of the cross which he had on the eve of an important battle over his enemy, Maxentius, in which he was victorious. He moved the capital of the Roman Empire from Rome to Constantinople in 324. From that point on until his death in 337 much of his attention was directed toward embellishing his new capital. Before that his attention was focused on Rome and particularly on creating a new Christian presence there by building monumental churches over the graves of some of the most important martyrs of the Roman church, including, most notably, St. Peter’s in the Vatican. The building type Constantine chose as the form of the church was the basilica, a longitudinal space formed of rows of columns on the inside, with a nave, aisles and an apse (where the altar was located). Why do you think this was a good choice for a building that housed Christian services (rituals), like the Mass? 4.JustinianJustinian (482-565) inherited an empire and a capital city, Constantinople, which had been Christian now for over two hundred years; under him, both empire and city flourished. One of the challenges that he faced in his early career was a revolt of the citizens of Constantinople, the Nika Revolt, which ended with Justinian’s victory but a large section of the city in ruins. This allowed him, however, to rebuild the church of Hagia Sophia on a new, grand scale, focused on the stunning and dramatic element of the dome. We know the names of the architects of the project, Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. Justinian’s St. Sophia was the largest church in Byzantium and never rivaled in the entire subsequent history of the Byzantine state. 5.Abbot SugerAbbot Suger (1081-1151) was the head of the great monastery of St. Denis, located just outside of Paris, which had a special relationship to the kings of France. Many of the kings of France were buried there. During his lifetime, Sugar undertook to rebuild the main monastic church and in so doing is credited with having invented a new style of architecture we have come to call Gothic. Gothic architecture is characterized by lofty masonry vaults, large windows filled with stained glass and elaborate sculpture and decoration on the facade. The Gothic style spread from Suger’s project across Europe to influence the form of churches and cathedrals everywhere.
University of California Irvine Gothic Architecture Essay

University of Windsor Pivot Table Excel Quiz

University of Windsor Pivot Table Excel Quiz.

If you look at the 2 practice files, your completed assignment should look like the ‘practice’ file containing two versions of each of the pivot tables – one file with the copied and pasted123 Pivot tables which have already been created for you, and, the completed file also containing the Pivot Tables that you would create that would have enabled you to create those copied Pivot tables.One of the ‘practice’ files contains Pivot Tables which are Pivot tables that were copied and pasted123. The other ‘practice’ file contain Pivot Tables which were copied and pasted 123 and the original Pivot Tables that allowed us to create these copied and pasted123.To complete your Excel quiz on Pivot Tables, you will be given a file containing an Excel file with the copied and pasted123 Pivot tables, and, you will be completing this file by creating the original Pivot Tables that were used to copy and paste123 these Pivot Tables. On completion of your quiz (and your assignment) your file should look like the ‘practice’ file with both the copied Pivot Tables and the original Pivot tables that you would have used to create the copied tables. the document (pivot table assignment) is the assignment we need to deal withthe document (practice question) and (Practice SOLNS(2)) are example and solutions
University of Windsor Pivot Table Excel Quiz

Segregation during 1960s Essay

essay writing help THESIS: The civil rights movements opened a new chapter in the nation’s history. African-Americans were embroiled in a vicious war that aimed to end discriminatory and segregation laws. They fought “the war of a lifetime” in which they demanded suffrage, educational and housing rights. In addition, they wanted equal access to employment opportunities as well as the abolishment of state and federal laws, which discriminated against them in public places. The civil rights movement Demand for full civil liberties Discrimination in Churches and other public places Use of visual symbols and metaphors Use of Irony Use of caricatures and stereotypes Use of visual arguments Segregation during 1960s In 1960s, the civil rights movements opened a new chapter in the nation’s history. Blacks were embroiled in a vicious war that aimed to end segregation laws. They fought “the war of a lifetime” in which they demanded suffrage, educational and housing rights. In addition, they wanted equal access to employment opportunities as well as the abolishment of state and federal laws that segregated them in public places. In this editorial cartoon, posted in the Washington Post in 1960, the Herblock explicitly demonstrates that segregation laws were prevalent in public places across the United States (n.d). Essentially the Church is considered the house of God. Consequently, it ought to embrace every person regardless of his color, race, ethnic background, class, or religion. However, in this cartoon the Church symbolizes the extent to which segregation laws had affected blacks in Churches and other public places. In the earlier 1960s and before the passage of the Civil Rights Act in 1965, African-Americans worshipped in separate Churches and attended separate schools from the whites. In this cartoon, the cartoonist has ironically implied that this was “The First Segregationist Church,” which represented “The Brotherhood of Man” (Herblock n.d). At this point, it is also important to note that the cartoonist himself visually exaggerates the message when he selectively employs white and black backgrounds to label the signpost of the church. This categorically presents substantial grounds to support the fact that segregation laws had profound effect on the American society although they were unconstitutional. He strategically places an old, fat white man, who obviously looks worried at the sight of African-Americans who have come to the Church. This view clearly symbolizes that segregation laws were intact in the minds of conservative Americans. The title of the cartoon, “Pray, Keep Moving Brother” also provides another form of ironical expression. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The white man standing at the entrance of the Church is telling the father of the little boy to keep on praying and it is indisputable that the little boy is listening to the conversation. In essence, the whites are not comfortable to share the same Church and other public places with blacks however; because of the government’s decision to outlaw discrimination in public places, whites reluctantly begun recognizing blacks. This is shown when the white man in the cartoon uncomfortably calls blacks his “brothers” and mockingly tells them to pray and keeps moving in order to get official constitutional recognition. The name of the Church itself “first segregationist Church” is a slogan that is used to assert that indeed this was the first Church that allowed both blacks and whites to share the common platform. It is also crucial to note that conservative whites were not ready to share similar platforms with blacks despite the fact that the government outlawed segregation laws. Consequently, the editorial cartoon oversimplifies the view that whites boycotted Churches and other public places because the Civil Right Act gave blacks the legal recognition to share public places with whites, this is shown when the white old man leaves the first segregationist church to pave way for blacks. The cartoonist also emphasizes the fact that blacks were determined to share the American dream because they defied all odds to show whites that attaining civil rights was their constitutional right as revealed by the middle-aged father who brings his son to the first segregationist Church. The cartoon is arguing against racial discrimination and the enforcement of segregation laws as evidently portrayed when the cartoonist dresses the white old man in black suit and dresses the blacks in white suit. In addition, the cartoon is asserting that blacks not only wanted an end to segregation laws they also fought alongside their children as depicted by the father who has brought his son to the Church. In conclusion, this editorial cartoon symbolizes the extent to which segregation laws affected blacks in Churches and other public places during the 60s besides it also emphasizes how blacks confronted whites in public places to achieve basic civil liberties. Works Cited Herblock. “Segregation 1960.” The Washington Post14 Aug. 1960. Web. http://www.loc.gov/exhibits/herblock/ We will write a custom Essay on Segregation during 1960s specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More

University of Cumberlands Real Blockchain Based Product and Risks Discussion

University of Cumberlands Real Blockchain Based Product and Risks Discussion.

Describe a real blockchain-based product that implements your chosen use case and how your chosen risk could impact the project’s success. Then think of three questions you’d like to ask other students and add these to the end of your thread.Optional ResourcesTapscott, D., &Tapscott, A. (2016). Blockchain revolution: how the technology behind bitcoin is changing money, business, and the world. Penguin.( introduced an overview of blockchain and its impact on business. Create a new thread, choose a use case from section III, and a risk for adoption from section IV.) Antonopoulos, A. M. (2014). Mastering Bitcoin: unlocking digital cryptocurrencies. ” O’Reilly Media, Inc.”.
University of Cumberlands Real Blockchain Based Product and Risks Discussion

MN 502 PGU Servant Leadership in Healthcare Worksheet

MN 502 PGU Servant Leadership in Healthcare Worksheet.

What is a model?A model demonstrates the researcher’s interpretation of how concepts are related to one another and are developed based on qualitative research. Models often are precursors to theory development.Three of the most prominent nursing models categorized as focusing on goals and functions include Florence Nightingale’s environmental model of nursing, Dorothy Johnson’s behavioral system model, and Nola J. Pender’s health promotion model.DirectionsIn this assignment, you will locate a model of practice that you could apply to nursing. It does not need to be a nursing model. Models of practice can be found in leadership, business, education, and technology. You will explain why you have chosen the model and apply the model to your advanced practice role in the template provided.In the first row, in the first column, write the name of your chosen model. An example has been provided in the first rows to guide you. Please remove the examples when entering your informationIn the first column of the template table, list the characteristics of the model you have chosen with a source/s of support. In the second column, list an application to your advanced nursing practice role upon graduation with a source of support/s.Assignment DetailsFor this Assignment, your paper must be 2 to 3 pages, not including the title and reference pages. Minimum requirement of at least five sources of supportAPA 7th Edition Attached is the template
MN 502 PGU Servant Leadership in Healthcare Worksheet