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What Is the first step In cleaning a firearm? Clean from the breech end. B: Point the muzzle in a safe direction. Field strip the firearm. D: Use cleaning solvents in a well-ventilated area. Your Answer: Correct: b Explanation: Follow these basic steps to clean your firearm. Point the muzzle In a safe direction, and make sure the gun is unloaded.

Remove all ammunition from the cleaning bench.Each rifle or handgun is designed to be used with a specific type of: a: cartridge shoetrees gauge choke Every rifle or handgun Is designed for a specific cartridge. The ammunition must match the data stamp on the firearm. Which type of firearm sight is simple, inexpensive, and standard on most handguns? Telescopic dot open aperture (peep) A sight is a device used to line up the muzzle with the shooter’s eye so that he or she can hit the target. Most handguns have an open sight, although some specialized Angus have a dot or a telescopic sight.The basic components of cartridges and soothes are similar. Which basic component is a bullet and shot pellets? A: primer case projectile powder A projectile is the object(s) expelled from the barrel.

A bullet is a projectile, usually containing lead, fired through a rifle or handgun barrel. A slug is a solid projectile, usually of lead, fired through a shotgun barrel. Shot is a group of lead, steel, tungsten alloy, or bismuth pellets fired through a shotgun barrel.What are the two basic styles of firearm actions? Single-shot and repeating repeating and bolt-action pump and semi-automatic single-shot and revolving d Firearms can be classified by their action type.

PLEA BARGAINING 5 Running Head: PLEA BARGAINING 1 Plea Bargaining Name Institutional



Plea Bargaining


Institutional Affiliation

Thesis statement

“Plea bargaining is a necessary evil in order for our justice system to work expeditiously and efficiently”


Plea bargaining refers to the provision in the legal system whereby a prosecutor and a defendant can agree to negotiate the terms of sentencing. In this arrangement, the defendant pleads guilty to a smaller offence and in return the prosecution gives a punishment which is more lenient to the defendant. It is believed to be a win – win situation whereby a probably longer jail sentence would be reduced to a shorter term in exchange to shortening the prosecution procedure or important information (Rosett, Cressey & Ruth, 1976). Sometimes this information is in form of giving out information which could be used as evidence to try others in a court of law. Some people feel like this is a way of watering the judicial system whole there are those who feel that it is a positive arrangement on trying to create a mutual understanding between the two parties and that it ends up being of benefit to the two sides of the case. This can be attributed to the fact the facts are closely examined before a decision is arrived at and in most cases the final decision is normally fair.

The necessity of plea bargaining

According to the article, most cases presented are used to indicate that plea bargaining is a society wrong and a provision that hurts the just constitutional process buy hijacking the legitimate course of justice delivery system. Lynch provides many different cases that he ends up arguing against the act and suggests that however constitutional plea bargaining is, it is unnecessary and should be abolished to allow the full length trials to persist. His indication is that plea bargaining is just a way adopted by the judicial system during the American revolution to reduce the time spend on trial and does not always serve justice effectively. He raises cases of innocent conviction, and prosecutors using intimidation and threats of slamming the defendants with more charges if they do not comply with plea a bargaining offer (Rosett, Cressey & Ruth, 1976).

However on the contrary, plea bargaining has really saved time and effort in the judicial procedures of the country. It gives an opportunity to a defendant to red evaluate their offences and the possible punishment and then decide whether they are ready for it or not. In most cases, the possible jail term is normally longer than the possible term after plea (Rosett, Cressey & Ruth, 1976). This then helps the defendants to have the option of buy themselves a lot of timeout of prison by agreeing to plead guilty to the offence and let go of the fight that might end up against them. In cases where the defendant may not afford a self sponsored attorney, plea bargaining may also come in handy because the ruling may be coerced hence favoring the prosecution. The sentence agreed upon serves as a punishment enough for the offence since it is normally within the restraints of the constitution and therefore the public should never feel like it deprives anyone of their right to a free and fair trial. There is no partiality and both parties leave the court satisfied with the outcome of the trial. It is an essential provision a fairer alternative to the lengthy, tiresome and extremely expensive process of full length trial. By applying it in the eligible cases, it makes the process more efficient and also helps to bring contentment from the ruling hence laying down a friendly relationship between the prosecution and the defense (Bibas, 2016).

Alternatives to plea bargaining

In situations that plea bargaining does not seem favorable, a defendant may choose to follow the full prosecution and hope to get a fair trial (Alschuler, 1983). This option however calls for one to hire a very credible lawyer who will fight to the best interest of the defendant and will not give up on the case unless ordered so by the defendant. The university of Pennsylvania law review holds it that there could be less restrict trial options such as Jury waiver. This could come into effect in the event that a bench trial had been ruled out initially hence leaving a chance for an alternative. In the case of unconstitutional claims, the plea bargain may be avoided so as not to break the constitution in search for quicker trials and this would mean that the trial teams work within the system provisions.


Finally, contrary to popular believe, plea bargaining may not be as demonic as it has been projected before. It offers options for a quicker trial and gives the defense an opportunity to choose between the long inconveniencing trial and the short convenient plea bargaining option. Perhaps, this is the reason why over ninety percent of criminal cases end up reaching a verdict through plea bargaining option.


Alschuler, A. W. (1983). Implementing the criminal defendant’s right to trial: Alternatives to the plea bargaining system. The University of Chicago Law Review, 50(3), 931-1050.

Bibas, S. (2016). Designing plea bargaining from the ground up: accuracy and fairness without trials as backstops.

Rosett, A. I., Cressey, D. R., & Ruth, H. E. (1976). Justice by consent: Plea bargains in the American courthouse (pp. 85-144). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott.