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Understanding of Prejudice and Implicit Bias Discussion Paper

Understanding of Prejudice and Implicit Bias Discussion Paper.

I’m working on a sociology multi-part question and need an explanation to help me understand better.

PURPOSEThe purpose of this assignment is to develop a deeper understanding of implicit bias.STEP 1Prejudice is defined as a negative attitude (which may include thoughts, emotions, and behaviors) directed towards individuals that are identified as belonging to a particular group (e.g., gender, sexual orientation, age, race, nationality, etc.) based solely upon their group membership. There are certain features of prejudice that are unconscious or “implicit.” In other words, your mind might have certain prejudices of which you are unaware. To learn more about this, first watch this brief video:Scientific American Frontiers: The Hidden Prejudice go to the following website:Project Implicit on “Project Implicit Social Attitudes” and read the information presented on the web page. Then click on tabs towards the top of the screen and read the information presented. These include: About the IAT, Ethical Considerations, and FAQs.After you have read this information, click on the link in the grey bar at the top of the screen titled “TAKE A TEST.” Read the information and then proceed to the next page. Select one of the tests to take. You may take any of the tests that you like. However, I encourage you to take a test that may challenge how you view yourself rather than a test that you think will confirm what you already know about yourself. In other words, if you feel that there is a characteristic (e.g., skin tone, race, age, etc.) for which you don’t have a strong, conscious prejudice but that makes you uncomfortable in some way, take the test on that characteristic.Follow the instructions carefully, and don’t try to “beat” the test. Also, if you receive a result that you feel is inaccurate for whatever reason, take the test two more times and average the results. As the test creators acknowledge, the order of presentation of the conditions can affect the results on this demonstration test.STEP 2Write a cohesive paper (that means everything fits together logically and flows from sentence to sentence and paragraph to paragraph) with the following structure:Paragraph 1: Introduce the topic of the paper, which is prejudice, and more specifically, the concept of implicit bias. Define implicit bias. Then explain how implicit biases are acquired. There is information on the website that you can paraphrase.Paragraph 2: Describe the implicit association test (the IAT). Then identify the test you took and state the results of your test. Which category did your test results fall into?Paragraph 3: Explain the results of your test. If you found that you had an automatic preference for one group over the other, what do you think this preference reflects? What life experiences might account for this implicit bias? If you found that you did not, why do you think that’s the case? NOTE: Make sure you have read the FAQs carefully before responding to this question.Paragraph 4: Discuss some specific psychological strategies that could be used to overcome implicit bias. Before answering this question, review the information in the FAQs as well as the section in your textbook on overcoming prejudice. Make sure to describe specific strategies using psychological terminology and apply at least one of these strategies to the type of prejudice measured by the test you took.Your paper should be about 2 to 3 pages in length, with double spacing, 1-inch margins, and double spacing. Make sure to carefully proofread your paper, and run both a spell check and a grammar check.
Understanding of Prejudice and Implicit Bias Discussion Paper

University of Arizona People Analytics Traditional HR Department Discussion.

I’m working on a Management question and need a sample draft to help me learn.

InstructionsAll submissions in Calibri, 12 Point, 1.5 Spacing, 1” margin on all sidesEach question should be between 500-750 words in lengthEach question is worth 20 points and the exam is worth 100 points.This is an INDIVIDUAL EXAM. Teamwork is not allowed and can be the basis for getting a Zero on the exam. If there is any content that is identical to any of the other students, then both students will receive a zero on the exam.Please remember to cite (in text and in the reference section) anything that you borrow from other sources. As with everything, this submission will also be passed through turn it in. Do not copy- paste any material (that includes my lecture presentations). Plagiarism is not allowed and will result in a failing grade either in the exam or the course depending on the severity of the plagiarism.Most of the questions have varied responses possible based on your perspective. While there is, to a degree, a right or wrong answer, most of the questions require you to go above the basic material taught in class and strategically think about the concept as a whole.It is your thought process and critical thinking that I am interested in more than the actual product. So, bear that in mind while writing your answers. The more logical, methodical, well thought out, and innovative your ideas are – the better they will fare.Please remember to write in complete sentences and have proper justifications for your points of view. These justifications may be in the form of citations or a simple logical argument. You can also come up with hypothetical situations or utilize organizations we talked about in the lectures to illustrate your point.QuestionsWhat is People Analytics and how does it differ from a traditional HR department? Compare and contrast two pillars of HR in terms of what is traditionally in place in HR and how they will look with People Analytics in place. Use real-life organizational examples (from lectures or from your research) while making your comparisons.What are the most pressing obstacles to implementing people analytics in the current organizations? What are some of the ways that these obstacles can be overcome?How do you envision the future of people analytics? What are the opportunities and challenges to such a future?What are the advantages and disadvantages of having people analytics in small organizations?What are the most important people analytics lessons you learned from the class? How will you use these lessons as a manager?
University of Arizona People Analytics Traditional HR Department Discussion

In the past two decades, world trade has expanded. Nations are much more affected by international business than in the past. The volume of international trade is an indicator of the economic interdependence of nations. The share of international trade in world economic activity has more than doubled since 1945 and that nations are more interdependent than ever before. For firm that means growing access to the markets of the world and growing competition at home. International marketing refers to exchanges across national boundaries for the satisfaction of human needs and want. The extent of a firm’s involvement abroad is a function of its commitment to the pursuit of foreign market. International marketing is really all about the application of marketing skills and techniques to markets beyond the domestic market. Before entry into international markets, many companies focus solely on their domestic market. Their marketing strategy is developed based on information about domestic customer needs and wants, industry trends, economic, technological, and political environment at home. Political: some countries internal firms and industries can get the support from government. Such as high technology industries in China, government gives favourable policy for developing high technology. In domestic market, companies are familiar with legal system, easy to understand some laws about business; and know polity and economy situation at home. Economic: Social: in domestic market, people have common language that means easy to communicate between firm and consumer. Company easy to get some useful information about what customer needs and wants. They are no language and behaviour’s handicap. In a country, maybe there have some different culture, religion; doing business these aspects cannot avoid, and sometimes these factors will influence business. In domestic market, firms are familiar with the culture, so they will avoid happening some mistakes. Such as in Tibet, there cannot do business about cattle, because cattle are their god, Mc Donald’s no beef burgers in Tibet restaurant. In brief, international marketing is the process of planning and conducting transactions across national borders to create exchanges that satisfy the objectives of individuals and organisations. International marketing has forms ranging from export – import trade to licensing, joint ventures, wholly owned subsidiaries, turnkey operations, and management contracts. (Czinkota and Ronkainen. 2001) There are three dimensions of international marketing: (1) The international marketing dimension involves marketing across national borders. This is different from domestic marketing, because the mere fact of crossing the border confronts the marketer with new political, economic, and legal straints. (2) The foreign marketing dimension involves marketing within foreign countries, and activities within a particular country. Such marketing is unlike domestic marketing, because that company faces different kinds of competition, consumer behaviour, distribution channels and so on. (3) The multinational marketing dimension emphasizes the coordination and integration of the company’s marketing in many diverse foreign environments.(Terpstra, 1993) In fact, international marketing is different from domestic marketing; this is a sufficient reason that the firm has need to market internationally. There are other three reasons to indicate the need to think international. One reason is world interdependence. Today more than over, no country can isolate itself from the rest of the world. Second reason for firm need to think international is competition and markets. The competition facing them domestically is increasingly from foreign firms. The other reason for firms to think international is to find market opportunities and growth. Markets mean people; there are lots of the world’s population lives outside one country. It means that for many products and services, the potential markets are abroad. So many reasons indicate that marketing abroad are very important. There are some reasons for advantages of trading in overseas markets. Less competition: competition in as chosen target market may be less intense than at home or there may be the promise of tariff barriers to exclude potential competitors in return for a substantial foreign investment. For example, production in the highly labour-intensive industries moving to the low-labour-cost countries with freeport advantages. Market diversification: if a company sees only limited growth opportunities in the home market for a proven product it may well seek market diversification as a means of expansion. This could mean new market segments within a domestic market, but it may well mean geographic expansion in foreign markets. Thus companies are trying to spread risks and to reduce their dependence on any one market. (Phillips, Doole and Lowe. 1995) Excess capacity: when the domestic market experiences a downturn or reaches saturation, firms may turn to export markets to make good the shortfall. For firms in industries requiring long production runs to ensure commercial viability, foreign orders may make the crucial difference between profit and loss. On the other hand, low prices are often quoted to ensure sales success in order to secure long production runs or to sell of high inventory level. Comparative advantage: most nations cannot supply all of their needs from domestic resources. They find it to their advantage to specialize in the things they are relatively efficient at producing, and to trade for things that other nations are relatively efficient in supplying. Geographic diversification: firms find it preferable to remain with the product line which they know and are successful with rather than diversifying into new product lines or product technologies. Financial reason: International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an organization to promote international financial cooperation and supply international liquidity by loans to member countries. (Terpstra, 1993). The IMF uses pool of reserves to lend to members facing deficits in their international payments. That allows the countries to continue trading until they can correct their payments problem. That also means more open world markets for international marketers. Product life cycle differences: a product on the home market enters a mature phase; the firm concerned may then be able to find new export markets abroad where product markets have not reached the same stage of development. Competition today, being international rather than domestic for all goods and services, has reduced the time lag between product research, development and production, leading to the simultaneous appearance of a standardized product in all major world markets. Such as with Microsoft and the launch of their Windows XP operating system. International marketing differs from domestic marketing in that when the firm is dealing with its own domestic market, there are some key variables can be taken as known, such as, political and legal risk, economic risk, commercial risk, and social and cultural risk. To marketers in their own country, these are background factors which influence the business, but in the international marketing they become unknown factors. Political and legal risk: a negative political environment can have several results for the firm in a foreign market. It may encounter restrictions on its marketing program or product line. It may have difficulty getting permits to operate or to remit profits. It may encounter boycotts or kidnapping of local managers. A quite different form of government intervention is through a countervailing duty. A government increases the selling price of the cheapest domestic competitor by means of a specific tax. And the other concern is the fact that the firm is often identified by its national origin. For example, Because of the Unite States’ large and frequently controversial role in the world economy, this country has about as many enemies as friends abroad. Countries that dislike the US are not particularly appreciative of US goods either. In that sense, the political and legal systems of a country are closely related. As a product of its culture, each country’s legal system differs somewhat from that of every other country. Legal systems can be classified, however, into four major categories according to their major emphasis: civil or code law systems, common law systems, Muslim law systems, and communist law countries. Relatively few countries have pure systems. They are usually somewhat of a mixture. (Terpstra, 1993). For example, in some counties, radio and TV commercials are not allowed. No less than 24 countries have mandatory preclearance of advertisements for pharmaceuticals. A number of developing nations (Egypt, India, Kenya, etc.) have mandatory screening for commercials shown in cinemas. Economic risk: due to host government exchange controls, high taxation or a rapidly devaluing currency is economic risk for international marketing. However, this maybe conquered by resorting to devices, such as management fees, royalties, and repayments on loans or interest or intra-corporate transfers, as transfer pricing. As it is entirely the responsibility of the individual company to price final goods, intermediate goods, such as assemblies and components. Transfer pricing will become a political issue when foreign subsidiaries are seen to be exporting. Commercial risk: producers have sought every opportunity to standardize their products and make them available to an ever-larger number of markets. For example, the British Standards Institution scheme THE (Technical Help for Exporters) was created to provide British manufacturers with information on national product standards world-wide. However, even if manufactured to acceptable national standards, there is still the risk that the goods, maybe yet be found to be unacceptable to consumers in the target market, perhaps because of price, design, technology, brand name and so on. (Baker, 1999). Cultural risk: in international marketing, each foreign market will have a culture and behaviour different from the company’s home market, and therefore, the marketing situation and task will be different. Language: language differences are important to many communications decisions in marketing, such as ranging from the choice of a brand name or the text on a label, to promotional messages in advertising or personal selling. Sometimes, a word in different country has different means. For example, table, in the UK it means put “` on, but in the USA it means put “`off. Religion, values, and attitudes: religion is a mainspring of behaviour and the basis for most of our values and attitudes. The international marketer needs some knowledge of the religious of a country to understand the behaviour or consumers there. For example: Hong Kong, Korea, Singapore, and Taiwan are called post-Confucian societies. Although most of the people in these countries toward achievement and work, family and country, that are considered the major explanation of these countries’ rapid climb toward mass production and mass consumption. Self Reference Criteria (SRC): “….the unconscious reference to ones own cultural values is the root cause of most business problems abroad” (James A Lee). Marketers always use their culture is a correct criteria, so they have some problem in international market. For example, in the UK, people drive at the right, but in France, people drive at the left, so French always think they are right, you are false. In fact, both of them are all right, just cultural difference. There have lots of benefits of trading in domestic markets, such as easy get information about customer needs and wants, and have aspects of economy, technology, political and other advantages. When those firms consider competition, they essentially look at domestic competition. Such as Haier Corporation, in domestic market, its brand already famous, and customer likes their goods; although it has some competition, but Haier still ha inveterately position in domestic markets. Why firm wants to choose “go” international. Because of Market saturation, more competition, excess capacity and other reasons in domestic market; and have lots of advantage of trading in overseas markets, such as less competition, comparative advantage, international product life cycle, geographic diversification, financial reason and so on. But not every product introduced abroad by international marketers is a success; they will meet some risk, such as political, economic, social and commercial risk. Because international business entails difficulties and risk not found domestically, the firm should carefully consider its prospects before venturing abroad. So “go international or remain domestic markets, which markets to enter, and how to enter” are three important decisions for a firm. Each firm has a marketing strategy that is designed to help identify opportunities and to take advantage of them. This plan of action typically involves consideration of four areas: the product to be sold, the way in which the output will be promoted, the pricing of the good, and the distribution strategy to be used in getting the output to the customer. Product: the product is the heart of the marketing mix. If the product fails to satisfy the consumer needs, no additional efforts on any of the other ingredients of the marketing mix will improve the product performance in the marketplace. Some products can be manufactured and sold successfully both in the home and host countries. Other products must be modified or adapted and sold according to a specially designed strategy to satisfy different foreign customers. When a company decides to go international, it must decide whether its products and can be kept unchanged, or if they must be changed. For example, Heinz decided to set up a branch in China to produce special foods for the 20 million children born there each year. Heinz began with market research; the results showed that, in general, Chinese children lacked calcium, iron, and zinc to different degrees. Heinz developed a variety of foods to meet these needs, which have been fortified to alleviate the problems found. (Terpstra, 1993). Promotion is that part of the marketing mix wherein the firm most directly communicates with its customers. International companies the most widely used promotional tools are advertising and personal selling. Advertising is a nonpersonal form of promotion in which a firm attempts to persuade consumers to particular point of view. Many organisations use a universal message to reduce costs, but sometimes the advertising must be adapted to the local market. For example, in Malaysia, where Islam is the official religion, beer companies try to avoid direct contact with Muslims by not advertising on billboards or in Malay-language print media. (Kotabe and Helsen, 2001). Personal selling is a direct form of promotion used to persuade customers to a particular point of view. Some goods that require explanation or description rely heavily on personal selling. But company must attention; some countries are against door-to-door selling, such as France. Pricing is the variable in the marketing mix that most directly affects the firm’s revenue. Too high a price may mean no business, while a lower price may lead to an unprofitable operation. In more case, the firm’s discussion of export prices will begin with its domestic prices, so it is worth our while to consider the relation between the two. So export pricing requires careful accounting to determine which costs are attributable to exports. Distribution is the course that goods take between production and the final consumer. This course often differs on a country-by-country basis; there are three main distribution systems: the firm sells directly to customers through its own field sales force or through electronic commerce; the company operates through independent intermediaries, usually at the local level; the business depends on an outside distribution system that may have regional or global coverage. (Czinkota and Ronkainen. 2001) So, companies need to think over whether go international or continue remain in domestic market. Go to overseas markets or remain at home, both of them have advantages and risks. Different countries and industries have different situations. If has potential market, and still has lots of market at home, maybe stay at home is a good idea. Such as, China is a big market; lots of overseas companies go to China, because there have lots of chances in Chinese market. So, some Chinese firm choose remain at home doing business. Whatever a company go international or remain at home, domestic market still is the most important part. If there is a small market in domestic market, maybe go international is a good idea. Such as Korea, going international market maybe has more chances. Because, no potential market or chance at home, and more competition from overseas firm; going international market can hope for future, and the risk of going maybe smaller than remain.

Response Paper

Response Paper. Paper details In the Iliad, there is a dichotomy between war and peace, suffering and understanding. How can this contrast be related to a current global issue? Write a response essay where you complete the following tasks: 1. -Introduce the story and author. Provide a short overview of the story so as to provide a background for your response and a clear thesis statement. 2.- Discuss the dichotomy portrayed in the story. Explain in detail why this aspect stood out to you and support those ideas with actual text from the story. 3.- Connect that dichotomy with a current global issue. Ask yourself, how is the contrast between war and peace and/or suffering and understanding reflected in a current global issue?Response Paper

Streams of living water

custom writing service God’s various gifts are handed out everywhere; but they all originate in God’s Spirit. God’s various ministries are carried out everywhere; but they all originate in God’s Spirit. God’s various expressions of power are in action everywhere; but God himself is behind it all. Each person is given something to do that shows who God is: Everyone gets in on it, everyone benefits. All kinds of things are handed out by the Spirit, and to all kinds of people! The variety is wonderful: . . . .All these gifts have a common origin, but are handed out one by one by the one Spirit of God. He decides who gets what, and when. 1Cor 12:1-11 The world is fractured, splintered, separated by race, gender, social class, wealth and lack of wealth. The body of Christ is likewise fractured, splintered and separated by denominationalism, polity, and tradition. God, however, is a God of unity through diversity and God desires that each person’s unique gifting be brought to the table and used for His Glory and the common good of the body. Contemplating this concept the children’s story “Stone Soup” comes to mind. The legend says that during a time of great famine people hoarded their food and would not share. One day a stranger came to the village and was turned away because no one desired to share their food. He assured them that he had all that he needed and indicated that he was going to make stone soup. He pulled out a pot added water, brought it to a boil and dropped in a huge stone. The people of the village began to gather. The Stranger said some cabbage with stone soup would be hard to beat. Soon a man appeared with a cabbage. Then the stranger said, “I remember once having stone soup with cabbage a little salt beef. Then another villager appeared with the beef. And so on the stranger went with potatoes, onion, carrots, until indeed he had made a wonderful delicious stone soup. In many ways the Body of Christ is like the village folk, having gifts or food, hoarding it and not sharing, isolated, alone, and hungry; desiring more. The body of Christ, just like the villagers is driven by selfishness and self preservation, but, it is so limiting, restraining, restrictive, and yes, even divisive. God desires so much more for the Body of Christ. He desires that the body share communally, our gifts, our food, our faith and even our traditions. As the body shares it becomes the better for it. God desires that the body partake of and participate in Streams of Living Water. Richard Fosters does a consummate job of examining what he determined is the six major traditions of spirituality in Christianity: contemplative (prayer-filled life), holiness (virtuous life), charismatic (Spirit-empowered life), social justice (the compassionate life), evangelical (Word-centered life), and incarnational (sacramental life). Each tradition like tributaries that flows to the great Mississippi River represents a stream that should flow into and feed the Body of Christ. The Contemplative Tradition The first stream is the contemplative tradition which highlights the prayer-filled life, yearning for “a richer, fuller practice of the presence of God”(25). This tradition focuses on one’s prayer life drawing one away in solitude. This time of solitude is a time that should precedes public ministry. Before Jesus began his public ministry, before he called the twelve, before he did any miracles he spent time in solitude. Exemplars include; Antony of Egypt, John the apostle, and Frank Laubach. Perhaps, the best summary of the contemplative life is “the steady gaze of the soul upon the God of love” (49). As one gazes upon God, one becomes “beautiful of soul” (48). “Beautiful of soul” is one of the best descriptors of the contemplative tradition. The process to become “beautiful of soul” is through fire and love which produces these fundamental characteristics or movement; love for God, peace, delight, emptiness, flaming passion, wisdom and transformation. Becoming “beautiful of soul” produces four strengths in ones Christian walk. The first strength is drawing one back to their “first love”, it continually calls one back to the beginning. Secondly it demands more than a cerebral ascent, intellectualism will not suffice, and it demands surrender of one’s soul. Next it stresses the centrality of prayer with silence it brings the understanding that pray is both essential and primary. Finally, it produces solitariness a consistent ceaseless turning to God and finally aloneness with God. The Holiness Tradition The contemplative life forms the foundation for one to walk in the holiness tradition. This tradition stresses the virtuous life and focuses “upon the inward re-formation of the heart and the development of ‘holy habits’ . . . . the erosion of moral fiber in contemporary society” (61). At the core of the holiness tradition is “being ‘response-able,’ able to respond appropriately to the demands of life” (82). Holiness is “sustained attention to the heart” (83). This attention to the heart forms and transforms the personality. It also affirms the sacredness in everything, goodness in the human body. Additionally, holiness is “progress in purity. . . .loving unity with God” (84). Phenomenons of the Holiness tradition are Phoebe Palmer, James the brother of Jesus, and Dietrich Bonhoeffer. Bonhoeffer as a modern-day example of this tradition gave the body of Christ Stations on the Road to Freedom (72). This poem provides four components of the spiritual life that will give one great freedom. Those components are discipline, action, suffering and death speak indicative of the Holiness Tradition. The Holiness Tradition is about a “life that functions as it should.” The major strength of this tradition is its emphases: personal transformation, purity of heart, character formation, and growth in grace. These emphases assist in the process of establishing “holy habits. The Charismatic Tradition The Holiness Tradition and its ‘holy habits’ helps the Charismatic Tradition to operate at its best when the two are in tandem. The charismatic tradition promotes the Spirit-empowered life, it “focuses upon the empowering charisms or gifts of the Spirit and the nurturing fruit of the Spirit”(99). The crux of the charismatic tradition is the fact that, a believer life is not lived under their own strength, but are empowered by the Holy Spirit. Its key representatives are Francis of Assisi, the apostle Paul, and William Seymour. Seymour as a contemporary representative is an insignia of this Tradition. Seymour embodied living his life under the empowerment of the Holy Spirit. “Seymour. . . .harnessed the power released in glossolalic worship to break racial, gender, and nationalistic barriers and offer the world a historic opportunity for genuine healing and reconciliation” (113). According to Richard Foster, “there are no ‘noncharismatic Christian” (125). There are four major strengths of the tradition. The first deals with and corrects the believer’s propensity “to domesticate God” (129). Secondly, it cuts to the chase weak, ineffective, powerless practices. Third it challenges the body to grow spiritually. Finally, it gives one a gifted, empowered life to witness for the Lord. The charismatic tradition is about a “life immersed in, empowered by, and under the direction of the Spirit of God.” It’s important because “through it we are empowered by God to do his work and to evidence his life upon this earth.” The Social Justice Tradition As The Charismatic Traditions empowers the believer to do God’s work, The social Justice Tradition stresses the compassionate life that “focuses upon justice and shalom in all human relationship and social structures” and “addresses the gospel imperative for equality and magnanimity among all peoples” (137). The Social Justice Traditions embodies Matthew 22:37-40, the love of God and neighbor. This tradition removes barriers, of ethnicity, culture, and class. The Social Justice Tradition is where The Holiness Tradition is brought to bear. Foster chooses John Woolman, the prophet Amos, and Dorothy Day as examples of the Social Justice Movement. John Woolman, a Quaker, was instrumental in the abolition of slavery. Woolman’s quest for social justice began early risking, personal wealth, comfort, and friendship. The effect of his message was lived out in his life and mirrored by his denomination. One of the most notable acts of social justice is personified by the North Carolina Friends Yearly Meeting became slave holders so that their members could disentangle themselves from the practice by donating the slaves to the Yearly Meeting. They used a loophole in the law of North Carolina to virtually free slaves who could not actually be free because of the numerous laws to protect the institution of slavery in the state. As an institution the Quakers freed itself from the horrors of slavery and supersede others by instituting reparation to its former slaves. As seen in the life of Woolman the struggle for social justice encroaches upon three areas; personal, social and institutional. The essence of this tradition is embodied in “mishpat, hesed, and shalom” (167). Justice, compassion, and peace, embody a sense of totality of the human existence. Justice, compassion, and peace are the framework that provides six strengths of the Social Justice traditions. Those strengths are “right ordering of society”, enhances ecclesiology, bridges personal and social ethics, makes Christian love relevant, provides a basis for ecological concerns, and “holds before us the relevance of the impossible ideal” (178) The Evangelical Tradition The Social Justice Tradition that allows one to manifest the love of God to hurting humanity presents that one with a unique opportunity to proclaim the word of God. Which segues into the Evangelical Tradition, which focuses on the word-centered life the proclamation of the evangel, the good news of the gospel and addressing “the crying need for people to see the good news lived and hear the good news proclaimed” (188). The primary thrusts of this tradition are: faithful proclamation of the Gospel, centrality of scripture, and confessional witness (219). The four major strengths of this movement is the call to conversion, discipleship of nations, commitment to biblical authority, and sound doctrine. Foster illustrators are Augustine of Hippo, the apostle Peter, and Billy Graham. Billy Graham is the consummate icon of the Evangelical tradition. Graham was the international organizer of Youth for Christ before emerging as a world evangelist. He preached over three hundred crusades. Graham brought integrity to the ministry of the itinerant evangelist via “The Modesto Manifesto” (212). Graham advocated cooperating ecumenically which is termed “cooperative evangelism” (213). Notably, Graham labored for the reconciliation of the races. Equally notable was his use of every form of media for the proclamation of the Gospel. According to Foster, Graham’s greatest contribution to The Evangelical Tradition was the training of itinerant evangelist. The Incarnational Tradition The last tradition, the incarnational, stresses the sacramental life and focuses on “making present and visible the realm of the invisible spirit,” addressing the “crying need to experience God as truly manifest and notoriously active in daily life” (238) The Incarnational Tradition is practiced by invoking the “manifest presence” of God into the circumstances, establishing a sacredness of work, and a focus on family life. Its examples are Susanna Wesley, Jesus, Bezalel, and Dag Hammarskjold. Foster selected Susanna Wesley as the historical example because of her “immersion in the details of daily life: finding God in the details and serving God through these same details” (237). Susanna Wesley exemplified the Incarnational Tradition as mother and educator to nineteen children, most notably John and Charles Wesley. She demonstrated the tradition in the midst of the calamities of life in relationship to her husband, embarrassment of her daughter pregnancy, lost of home via fire, and lack because of her husband’s lack financial management. Susanna Wesley in every way exemplifies the Incarnational Tradition. The Incarnational Tradition wrestles with the tension between spiritual and material. The tradition shows the complementary position of the spiritual to the material. There are seven strengths of this tradition. The first, the tradition shows that God is concerned and with the believer in the mundane of earthly living. Secondly, the incarnational tradition delivers the reader from a spirituality that would allow or cause one to divorce from the conundrum of daily living. Third, being incarnational makes daily work meaningful. Fourth, the tradition corrects the Gnostic belief that “spiritual thing are wholly good and material things are wholly bad” (266). Fifth, the sacramental life draws us God ward. Sixth, the believer’s becomes a “portable sanctuary” (267). Finally, the practice of the tradition deepens our stewardship of the earth. THE CONCLUSION The body of Christ is and should be the antithesis of the world. The world is splintered, separated, and divisive. However the body of Christ is called to unity, wholeness. Presently each of the great traditions operates independently, separately, and individually, as though their traditions operate in the totality of Christ. Foster introduces Streams of Living Water by saying “the mighty flow of the Spirit is how sovereignly God is bringing together streams of life that have been isolated from one another for a very long time”(xv). Foster suggests that each of the streams is the response to or a correction of a teaching or experience that has been neglected. Thus we have the various streams. Paul tells the Church at Ephesus that each individual is not an island unto himself, but that in community they would grow to maturity. Ephesians 4: 26 expresses this concept superbly: For because of Him the whole body (the church, in all its various parts), closely joined and firmly knit together by the joints and ligaments with which it is supplied, when each part [with power adapted to its need] is working properly [in all its functions], grows to full maturity, building itself up in love.(Amp) Just as Paul told the Church at Ephesus they were not islands unto themselves. Foster tells the body of Christ that the Traditions are not islands unto themselves. Foster introduces Streams of Living Water by saying “the mighty flow of the Spirit is how sovereignly God is bringing together streams of life that have been isolated from one another for a very long time”(xv). Foster suggests that each of the streams is the response to or a correction of a teaching or experience that has been neglected. Thus we have the various streams. However, just as the lakes turn in to tributaries, that run into rivers, that eventually run into the sea. So does the Tradition trace it way back to the three major branches of Christianity; Protestantism, Roman Catholicism, and Eastern Orthodoxy. The three major branches of Christianity finds its way back through Papal Ascendency, Ecumenical Councils, and the Birth of the Church to its fountain head, Jesus Christ. Each of the traditions is a stream that finds its life and meaning in Jesus Christ. However like the villagers in the children’s story “Stone Soup” each traditions live isolated, insolated, and anemic lives, because it refuses to flow in the fellowship of the spirit and allow each joint to supply. Each stream represents an aspect of the nature of Christ and the call of his body to be in the world while not of it. Every stream is traceable to its source, Jesus Christ the Righteous. Each stream has a contribution that is needed to make the satisfying, edifying “Stone Soup” of the Body Christ.

A Report On The Maybank ATM Machines Information Technology Essay

Today, it is the largest financial services group in Malaysia. Its extensive products and services include commercial banking, investment banking, Islamic banking, offshore banking, leasing and hire purchase, insurance, factoring, trustee services, asset management, stock broking, nominee services, venture capital and Internet banking. ( Maybank currently ranks among the top five banks in ASEAN, and is a Qualifying Full Bank (QFB) in Malaysia. For the convenience of Maybank customers, all Maybank’s 374 branch offices and more than 2,800 ATM machines are strategically located in both the business districts and suburban estates.( Today, Maybank proudly stands above its peers as Malaysia’s flagship financial services group in a vibrant, strong and highly competitive banking and financial services landscape. Total assets of the Group stand at RM310.7 billion.( 2.0 Internal Chiefly, the environmental factors are categorized into two different groups, they are internal and external. Internal factors are taken place within the boundaries of organisation. Specifically to the case of Maybank, there are few significant internal factors that they are subject to will be examined such as products and services, vision and mission, SWOT analysis, and Leadership. 2.1 SWOT analysis Strength – well known bank 374 branch offices in Malaysia. – more than 2,800 ATM machines – Correspondent banking relationship with 700 foreign banks throughout the world. – Strong performance where it was listed second largest in Malaysia Stock Exchange and Bursa Malaysia Weaknesses -Inefficient Service and poor customer Service. – Have to pay huge amount of money to stakeholder Opportunities -experts in the industry and shares their experience with the employee – Maybank have many other investments from other companies Threat – Economic slowdown like right now where stalling economies are bad for the banking sector Table 1.0 SWOT analysis 2.1.1STRENGTHS It is a well known bank where it have over 374 branch office and more than 2,800 ATM machines. Correspondent banking relationship with 700 foreign banks throughout the world. It also have diversity in product where they provide opening account, giving loan, credit cards, investment

Doping in Sport

Doping in Sport. Paper details a. What are anabolic androgenic steroids (AAS)? b. How do AAS work to improve muscle size and strength? c. What is the difference between endogenous vs exogenous steroids? Your essay must meet the following requirements: – Typed, in paragraph form, using APA formatting (turn in Word, .doc, or .PDF formats). – Be a minimum of 400 words and maximum of 600 words (about 1-1.5 pages single spaced). – Contain at least 5 in-text citations with APA reference list (the text book does not count as a reference).Doping in Sport