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UNAHVS Critical Cultural Theory Marxist Approach & Social Philosophy Discussion

UNAHVS Critical Cultural Theory Marxist Approach & Social Philosophy Discussion.

I’m working on a social science question and need an explanation to help me learn.

50-point Grade Scale50-45Excellent…above average accomplishment of task. Clear and detailed points.44-40Good…above average accomplishment of task, but minor areas of improvement noted…some points clearly explained.39-35Average…accomplishes task, but significant areas of improvement noted. Missing information.34-30Below Average…does not fully accomplish task, major areas of improvement noted.29-0Poor…does not accomplish task.Directions: In 2 – 3 typed pages (minimum 2 FULL pages), explain your understanding of Critical Cultural Theory, as described in Chapter 5, but in your own words. Then, elaborate on how you would use that theory to describe the current climate of misinformation about the global pandemic and about the 2020 election results.you dont need the chapter you can google it but I do need to get the book still
UNAHVS Critical Cultural Theory Marxist Approach & Social Philosophy Discussion

Obstacles in the Society to Accept the Change Research Paper

Introduction Many societies are changing at a very high rate in the modern world. This has been triggered by the increasing rate of globalization, which has transformed the world into a global village. The changes taking place in the society has also been triggered by the improvement in the level of technology. Due to these developments, different societies have become more integrated hence triggering the change process. Despite of this integration, there still remain many factors that have been hindering the change process in the society. In Saudi Arabia, change has been taking place at a slow rate due to the obstacles that tends to discourage people from accepting change. Social change significantly depends on the will of individuals to accept change. Although some people accept change easily, it has been discovered that something inside them will always tempt them to reject change. Over the past years, several studies have been conducted on change taking place in the society. However, little attention has been paid as to why people reject change. People tend to oppose change rather than the change process. People may be willing to undergo the change process but they reject change. Discussion The rate at which the society accommodates change is determined by how the people are receptive to change. Since changes in society come along with transformations of the existing systems, members of the society do not easily accept change. People will always be reluctant to leave their original way of life. Over the world history, it has been observed that many changes in the society have taken place through dictates of the government. Majority of people are not always ready to accept change naively. In other words, change in many societies has been faced by a number of obstacles that has resulted in an extremely slow rate of change. In some cases, a small group of elites may induce change in the society that comes along with cultural innovation. Gender Factors One of the major obstacles that are posing a significant barrier to change in Saudi is the gender inequality. Gender inequality is one of the major obstacles that have been hindering change in many societies. For instance, majority of the Saudis are still clinging on the misconception that men and women should not work side by side. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Many men in Saudi Arabia, for instance, could not be satisfied by being interviewed by a woman (Butters, 2009). This is because women are looked down upon by a significant section of the society. Many people are still convinced that women are incapable and that they should not be given critical positions in the society. This poses a major barrier to change in Saudi Arabia. Most of men in Saudi Arabia, for instance, are surprised to see a woman holding a position of authority (Butters, 2009). Such people pose a major barrier to changes in the society because they tend to be conservative. They are irritated by any slight change in the society. Although women are gradually getting to top positions in the society, this is taking place at a very slow pace. The rights of women and men still remain significantly different. For instance, the few women who are managers of Shura do not have equal voting rights with their fellow men (Butters, 2009). Therefore, their chance to make contributions and views is limited. Cultural Factors Naturally, man is suspicious and tends to refrain from adopting new things like technology, beliefs, relationships, methods, systems or behavior (Sharma, 1997). People will therefore tend to conserve their old ways of life, customs, and traditions. They can only accept change if they are adequately educated on the need for change in order to convince them on the importance of such changes to the society. Although they are sometimes convinced to accept the change process, they may be reluctant to accept change. Culture is one of the strongest forces that direct people’s behavior in the society. People are usually directed by their cultural arrangements in their day to day activities. Cultural aspects are difficult to change especially in the society that is led by ethnocentrism, that is, the society where people believes that their culture is superior to others. The people tend to uphold their values and superiority of their culture. In such a community, it becomes very difficult to facilitate change. We will write a custom Research Paper on Obstacles in the Society to Accept the Change specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More In Saudi Arabia, culture is the major factor that is posing a foremost barrier to changes in the society. Saudis usually tend to conserve their traditional ways of life. They are determined to retain their existing beliefs and customs. People are also determined to retain their religious beliefs. As a result, significant changes in the society have been blocked. As a result of deep cultural entrenchment, people restrains from trying new things in order to avoid losing their face. Therefore, people are determined to follow the existing arrangements in order to avoid any kind of embarrassment that can result in them losing face. Closely related to cultural factors are people’s values. Most people in the society are usually led by prejudice in judging change. Majority use their already internalized traditions in judging the outcomes. In Saudi, people’s values have posed a major obstacle to the social change. In this case, even when the change is advantageous to the entire society, people are always seeing the negative side of it. For instance, instead of seeing the development contributions that will be achieved by empowering women, men are forced to believe that empowering women is undermining men. In this case, their decisions are led by prejudice rather than fairness. Traditionalism convinces the people to believe that everything that takes place in the society is the will of supernatural powers and that it cannot be changed. This conviction has posed a major barrier to the social change (Tarnate, 2011). Through such convictions, people are forced to believe that the existing arrangements cannot be changed by human effort. This belief has obstructed the change in the Saudi Arabian society. Through traditionalism, many people are forced to believe that they cannot facilitate change in the organisation. For example, many women are convinced that they don’t have the capability to get equal rights with the men. This has undermined the change process in Saudi. Cultural backgrounds pose a major obstruction to change in the Saudi Arabia society. Culture is one of the main factors that have a strong influence in the society. It is a powerful determinant of the social change. Most Saudi Arabian rulers are using religion as an excuse for the slow pace of the social change in Saudi Arabia (Butters, 2009). For instance, most religious views are denying women the opportunity to attain opportunities equal to those enjoyed by men. This has been a mentality passed from one generation to another. Not sure if you can write a paper on Obstacles in the Society to Accept the Change by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The above discussion has clearly revealed that culture plays a pivotal role in obstructing change in the society. In order for change to take place effectively, society must be ready to renew its cultural aspects. Similarly, there is a need for culture change in Saudi in order to promote social change in the country. However, cultural changes in the society usually take place slowly. According to Sharma (1997), cultural change usually begins by a small fraction of the society realizing that they are unable to meet certain cultural expectations. Change in a certain cultural background can be effected through a number of ways. First, a group or an individual who has been adversely affected by a certain stress builds an idealized image of a culture goal that usually contrasts the existing arrangements (Foley, 2010). The individual then communicates the idea to others especially those who are adversely affected by the situation. For instance, this may be a certain marginalized group in the society where the social arrangements and requirements may be too demanding for them. In Saudi, women are one of the marginalized groups in the society. Women are denied equal opportunities with men. This have put pressure in a certain fraction especially the educated women who has been denied opportunities because of their gender. This has resulted in gender equality movements whose main aim is to promote gender equity. The most affected group has been communicating to others to advocate for change. However, this is taking place at very slow rate in Saudi Arabia (Butters, 2009). Once communication takes place, a group advocating for change in the society organizes itself and attracts the people who are converted to accept the new ideas. In case the organized group gets adequate support from the society, the change is then implemented effectively. However, this is not always the case. When the organized change in culture is rejected significantly, culture transfer takes place instead. In Saudi Arabia, lack of support from the society is the major factor that is undermining change. Although various groups like women movements are organized to promote change in Saudi Arabia, the process usually fails due to lack of adequate support. Therefore, change in Saudi has been taking place at an extremely slow rate. Social Factors In Saudi, the society has been dominated by conservatism. This has characterized many institutions; the fact that has obstructed the change process. Some social arrangements are opposing to the change process. In Saudi, people are grouped into two groups, the ruling class and the working class. This system has to some extent been denying people democracy. Therefore, these arrangements must be restructured in order to promote change in the society. Political Factors Political barrier is another form of barriers that are hindering change in Saudi. These involve institutions like the forms of state, politics, power, and the nature of government (Haddad and Esposito, 1998). For instance, the Saudi Arabia government has been acting very slowly to the issue of gender inequality. The government has not effectively dealt with the issue of gender inequality. Although women can now access powerful positions, they are denied equal powers with their fellow men in the same level. Some forms of politics are hindering the change process. For the society to experience change, these institutions must be changed. Economic Factors Economic factors are another category of obstacles that pose a major challenge to social change in Saudi Arabia. Unemployment and poverty are the key factors that hinder the change in the society. In Saudi, the rich and the capitalists are a major obstacle to change. In most cases, this group has the fear that any change in the society will undermine their interests. Therefore, such people will always defend the existing systems because they are beneficial to them. In order to eliminate this problem, the government must be in a position to promote equality among the people by promoting equal access to economic resources. The government must also promote education for all the people. This will promote equality among the people. Problems in communication are also another possible factor that hinders change within the society. This has to do with the language. For instance, words or phrases that mean good in one society may have an opposite meaning in another. Difference in perception is also another factor that has hindered change in the Saudi Arabian society. Different people are led by unique perceptions. In this case, it becomes very difficult for such people to reach to a consensus. Differences in perceptions have also led to incompatibility of the domestic values with the foreign values. In Saudi Arabia, people have their unique perceptions that significantly determine their actions. Therefore, the process of change has been very slow. People are not easily receptive to foreign values because they have their own perceptions. For instance, people tend to strictly resist foreign values that oppose their perceptions. Promoting change in Saudi Arabia Despite of the many factors that has been hindering change in Saudi Arabia, several measures has been undertaken in order to promote change in the country. For instance, the government is encouraging change by expanding education availability to both men and women. The government has also been organizing programs to protect the women and children from domestic abuse. The human right activists and feminists in Saudi Arabia are also promoting change although at a very slow rate. In order to promote the necessary change in Saudi’s society, it is important to educate the society on the need for adopting new arrangements. For instance, people can be advised on the importance of promoting equal gender opportunities in order to optimize on social benefits. Such efforts will promote cultural changes in the Saudi’s society. Conclusion This discussion has clearly revealed the obstacles that face the Saudi’s society to accept change. One of the major factors that are obstructing change in the society is culture. People are not ready to accept the new technologies, customs, and beliefs that tend to go against the existing arrangements. This has significantly undermined change in the Saudi’s society. This discussion has also revealed that the society will always tend to retain the existing traditions and customs. These perceptions in Saudi have significantly undermined changes in the society. Although some changes are taking place gradually in the society, they are taking place at a very slow rate. However, change can be promoted by educating the people on the need for change in the society. This will help them to realize the importance of replacing the new systems, traditions, and other cultural aspects with the new ones. Reference List Butters, A. (2009). Saudi’s Small Steps. The International South Pacific Edition, 174 (15), 22. Foley, S. (2010). Gender and Social Change in the Twenty-First Century Gulf. Web. Haddad, Y. and Esposito, J. (1998). Islam, Gender,

Communication Is Our Core Paper

best assignment help Communication Is Our Core Paper.

Please paraphrase the following work, make sure you leave the definition for the words in italic as it is , the rest paraphrase it According to ThoughtCo.com, communication is defined as exchange of information.More specifically, It is the process by which we use signs, symbols, and behaviors or the act ofsharing or transmission information from one person to another person or group and it can beaffected by a huge range of things. There are many ways we use to communicate with otherpeople, and it always happens even if we do not recognize it. The most common one is Verbalcommunication when we use language to transfer information through speaking. Nonverbalcommunication is the use of body language, gestures and facial expressions to transferinformation to others. Written communication when we use typing or printing symbols likeletters and numbers to convey information. Finally, visual communication when we usephotographs, art, drawings, sketches, charts and graphs to convey information. In this paper, Iwill discuss some forms of communication I observed while drinking my coffee in ParkwayPlaza.Last week I went to get some coffee during my break. I sat there to drink my coffee andlook at the people to observe things about them. The first thing I noticed is a man who seems theowner and a girl who seems like a worker in a store. I knew that according to theorganization(How we arrange information in a meaningful way) when I used Role constructs.The book defines Role constructs as classifying people according to their social roles to know.He was wearing a suit like a businessman, and she was wearing a store uniform. Also, I observedthe non-verbal concept of repeating. The book defines repeating as using gestures to reinforcewhat is verbally communicated (Adler & Proctor, 2006). The man was showing her how toorganize the store and where to put things in the right place, and he was doing that for more thantwo or three times. And the girl was following him and nodded her face. He also pointed to theCOMMUNICATION IS OUR CORE 3cleaned stuff how he wanted the store. By pointing to these stuff, he was reinforcing his wordsby pointing at exactly how he wanted his store to be.In addition to the concept repeating, other forms of non-verbal communication is bodyLanguage. He was talking with confidence, he was smiling at her and teaching her. His facialexpression indicated that he was indeed happy. While the girl he was talking to seems nervousand not comfortable, she keeps moving her hands, trying to catch everything he tells her and lookdeeply at where the things are. Her facial expression seems nervous or feared.During this time, I observed another form of non-verbal communication which wasMindful listening. The book defines Mindful listening as giving careful thought and attention tothe messages we receive when a message is important to us (Adler & Proctor, 2006). I observedthat she was listening carefully to him and trying to catch each word he says to collect as muchinformation as she can. She was coming nearly to him sometimes to hear or confirm some words.I can see that when I look at their lips we can know which word they are saying, it seems thesame word to me. Also, they used the concept of Regulating. Our textbook defines Regulating asusing nonverbal messages to influence the flow of verbal communication (Adler & Proctor,2006). When she nodded her face which also goes with “okay” she was indicating that sheunderstood the owner’s point. So he knows that she is listening.I rarely unintentionally overhear their conversation because they were near me. Irecognized that we are communicating always and each second, even if we do not realize it. Wecan communicate emotionally, non-verbally by facial or body expression, verbally. For me, Thisobservation shined light on the non-verbal communication because I thought we cancommunicate by talking only, but I discovered we can know much more about each otherwithout talking. For example, always in my work when I try to upsell something or ask themCOMMUNICATION IS OUR CORE 4something, some people do not understand. They do not tell that they are not understanding, but Iknow that by their facial expression when they are just smiling and there is no response or theyare confused and raise their eyebrows. Also, an example about listening is when my manager orteacher tells me something I listen with mindful listening unlike when my friends talk to me or inpublic speech. I found there are two types of listening in communicating.Also, language plays a big role in our communication, specifically the tones. It has theability to completely reverse the meaning of the sentence. For example, last night I was talking tomy mom on the phone and I asked how she is, the response was “I am good, how are you?”, buther voice was not totally good. I knew she was not good from her voice tone, and then I knewshe was sick.This assignment helped me look at the details and how to we know certain things withknowledge, evidence, and references to make sure of my information. While I thought I wouldjust look at some people and write about them, I knew there are much more things to payattention to than the first look at somebody. I learned that our bodies can talk instead of ourmouths, and sometimes our non-verbal communication is stronger (or makes a better message)than our speech. I realized that we can understand each other without talking which is reallyinteresting and good for us. I learned that tones make a difference, and there are two levels oflistening, mindful and mindless. I discovered it is interesting to use the concepts learned in classin my real life.COMMUNICATION IS OUR CORE 5ReferencesAdler, R., & Proctor, R. (2006). Looking out looking in. (12th ed.). Boston, MA: Wadsworth.Nordquist, Richard. (2020, February 11). What Is Communication? Retrieved fromhttps://www.thoughtco.com/what-is-communication-1689877.
Communication Is Our Core Paper

Legal Gun Ownership Opinion Essay

In the US, the increase in cases of gun violence has generated heated debates over legal gun ownership (Krouse 33). Thirty-three states permit its lawful citizens to own firearms. The Right to Carry (RTC) law allows law-abiding citizens to be issued with gun permits. Critics assert that the current increase in the number of gun related crimes results from the country’s lenient gun ownership law. According to critics, appropriate gun policies and legislations would reduce the ever-increasing cases of violence in our society. However, those who advocate for gun ownership have challenged the belief that amendments of gun ownership laws would reduce the number of criminals with firearms. Proponents assert that having more guns in private hands would reduce the level of crimes. Based on the above arguments, this paper seeks to highlight the reasons why gun ownership law should not be amended. My position differs from those who propose that gun legislations should be reviewed. I believe that the introduction of gun control measures in the US would violate the people’s rights as stipulated in the US constitution. This implies that the government is obliged to safeguard individuals’ rights by ensuring that all Americans are allowed to protect themselves, their loved ones, and their properties. Gun rights advocates estimate that up to 3.6 million defensive uses of gun are reported annually (Ferro 153). According to the US Department of Justice, the figure is said to be higher since most self-defense scenarios go unreported. Through these incidences, it is a fact that citizens can successfully defend themselves with guns. Similarly, individuals who own guns should be aware of these rights, and acknowledge that the right of an individual to own and bear arms is not just a slogan but central part of the Second Amendment. In the society, several factors influence the prevalence of crime and violence. Poverty, drug abuse, and psychological issues are the major factors to blame for the increase in the rate of gun related violence in our societies. Similarly, unavailability of strict gun law has been blamed for the increase in the murder and suicide cases in the US (Roleff 90). Sociologists suggest that relevant stakeholders should tackle with these underlying issues for the gun related violence in our society to reduce (Sheptycki 310). Researchers have indicated that if gun control were enacted in the US, law-abiding gun owners would reduce in number. On the contrary, the number of criminals with guns might not reduce. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More It is postulated that if private gun ownership was banned, criminals would still access these weapons using other illegal means. This implies that crime rate might increases, as criminals would be the only ones armed leaving the public unprotected. Through these recommendations, gun proponents argue that the current gun legislations are the most effective means of reducing crime if they are fully implemented. I believe that if more citizens that are law-abiding own more guns, criminals would be more scared to commit acts of violence. This theory bases its effectiveness on the fact that criminals fear to attack armed individuals. According to classic and neoclassic theories, criminals are rational individuals who can reduce the violent acts if the perceived costs of crime prevail over the perceived gains from committing a crime (Wintemute 156). This implies that an increase in the number of legally permitted guns would lead to a reduction in gun related violence and crimes due to the increase in the cost of committing such crimes. Similarly, research findings indicate that states that enforce laws permitting legally abiding citizens to carry concealed guns have realized a drop in crimes and violence. The drop in crimes and violence is attributed to reactions criminals, especially those without guns, respond to when the cost of committing crime increases. Notably, it has been pointed out that criminals shift their criminal activities to conducive states without RTC laws when RTC laws are enacted in specific states. In some instances, criminals have shifted to other types of crimes such as larceny because of enforcement of RTC laws. In this regard, the government should stop its initiatives of trying to implement tougher gun control measures. Instead, the government should increase sentencing penalties and waiting periods to discourage criminals from committing their wrongful acts. Those who oppose RTC laws have presented several arguments as to why allowing law-abiding citizens to carry concealed guns is dangerous (Lott

PCN 540 Grand Canyon University Research Literacy & Counseling Psychology Questions

PCN 540 Grand Canyon University Research Literacy & Counseling Psychology Questions.

Please complete the PCN-540 Topic 2: Short Answer Questions worksheet provided from the perspective of a final semester graduate level professional counseling student. Please Follow these directions: Directions: Provide short answers of 100-150 words each for the following questions/statements. Do not exceed 200 words for your response. Use the textbook, and any other scholarly resources to support your responses. Include at least two to three peer-reviewed journal articles beyond the textbook and course readings.I have included the specific resources that are needed to complete this assignment as well as a list of other helpful resources.
PCN 540 Grand Canyon University Research Literacy & Counseling Psychology Questions

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