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To what extent do genes effect personality

Personality is, traditionally, one of the most important objects of study for psychologists due to its major contribution to individual differences. Previous research explored the mystery of human personality to some extent, people gradually realize what determines their behaviours, why somebody feel excited in a certain situation while others do not. However, there is still huge debate with respect to various perspectives of personality. First debate is about the definition of personality which is much more complex than everyday uses of this term. It can depend on what psychologists believe about the causes and formation of personality. A generally accepted definition was proposed by Robins who defined personality as the distinctive and relatively enduring ways of thinking, feeling and acting that characterizes a person’s response to life situations (Robins et al, 2007). Furthermore, psychologists also ask “what causes personality differences?” Why some twins raised in the same family could have different personalities while others could have more similar personalities (Bouchard et al. 2001)? It is generally believed that personality is formed under the combing effect of genes and environment (Riemann et al., 1997; Bouchard et al.,2001; Caspi et al., 2002); however, there is no final conclusion about to what extent genes and environment influence personality. Some psychologists suggest that genes could play a more important role in shaping one’s personality than environment (Schuett, 2013), and some believe that the plasticity of personality is lost after the age of thirty, that is, people’s personality remains constant as a result of their unchanged genes (Conley, 1985). In this essay, the influence of genes on personality will be discussed and evaluated in relation to two perspectives: Eysenck’s biological basis personality theory and twin studies carried out by various psychologists (Eave et al., 1989; Bouchard, 1997; Waller, 1999; Jang et al., 1996). One important theory which is still regularly cited today is Eysenck’s biological basis personality theory (Eysenck 19xx, 19xx; Eysenck and Eysenck, 19xx). This theory explains individual differences in personality in terms of genetic factors based on Eysenck’s “Gigantic three theory”, which is one of the major theories and instrument for assessing personality traits. According to Eysenck’s account, People’s personality traits can be classified according to three dimensions: Neutroticism – the extent to which people experience negative emotion; Extraversion – the extent to which people prefer to be alone or with others; and Psychoticism – the extent to which people are tough-minded. After the description of “gigantic three theory”, Eysenck states (1985) that there are two major systems responsible for physiological and psychological variations between individuals: the reticulo-cortical which is located in the brain-stem reticular formation as well as the reticulo-limbic which is located in the visceral area and which consists of the amygdala, hippocampus, septum, cingulum and hypothalamus (Eysenck, 1985, cited in Matthews
Walden University Role of Supervision Vignette in Companies Discussion.

Supervision Vignette One: You are supervising a practicum student who had some previous counseling training and experience. You are finding that they are having difficulty reflecting upon what you are saying as they seem to have their mind made up about what they are going to do with the client. They say things such as “as I am the one in the room with the client, I have the best view of what their needs are”; and “I am not going to be tied down with any one theoretical approach. I am eclectic and do whatever is in the best interest of my clients”. How would you consider approaching their learning and manage your increasing irritation with what you see as resistance to learning? Supervision Vignette Two: You are supervising a practicum student who very nervously comes into your office and says that they are too embarrassed to discuss what happened in a session. After helping to calm them down, they tell you that their client told them that they have been having sexual fantasies about them. They said that they are extremely guilty about this and that they must have done something wrong to cause this, especially as they are both males. How would you consider assisting this trainee with both his anxiety; help him to learn from this experience; and for him to consider what is in the client’s best interest? Consultation Vignette One: You are consulted by a psychologist colleague who wants to discuss a problem that she is having with her supervisee. She tells you that, while her trainee is progressing with their learning, that they periodically say and so things that make her “uncomfortable”. When you ask for examples, she tells you that they will periodically bring her coffee or chocolates, sometimes a book as a gift. With hesitation, she shared that they would comment on how attractive she looks in particular clothing and that they imagine that she has had several clients develop feelings for her. She stated that she has been hesitant to say anything in order not to embarrass the trainee. How would you consider being helpful to your colleague as a supervisor? Consultation Vignette Two: You are consulted by a trainee who has had you for several classes in their academic program. They are seeking your advice as they feel that their internship supervisor is not providing what they need to progress with their skills development. You learn that periodically the supervisor cancels supervision because they are “too busy seeing clients”; and that when they do meet the trainee often is told that they are progressing well without their being specific feedback. The trainee is afraid to confront the supervisor for fear of receiving a “bad evaluation”. How would you consider being helpful to this trainee regarding their relationship with their supervisor?
Walden University Role of Supervision Vignette in Companies Discussion

Leadership Theories and Project Management, writing homework help

Leadership Theories and Project Management, writing homework help.

pjm 460 – DB 1Early in the execution phase of a project to design a new engine in an aerospace company, a key design engineer working out of one of the company’s facilities located in Hamburg, Germany indicates to the project manager (PM), who is working out of one of the company’s facilities located in Connecticut, that the design engineer is not available to work on project tasks that have been assigned to him by the PM. The design engineer states that this because his functional manager has assigned him higher priority tasks on another project. Discuss how the Path-Goal Leadership Theory and Model apply to the following interactions: (1) PM-Sponsor; (2) PM-Functional Manager; (3) PM-Design Engineer.needs to be just one or two paragraphs, nothing major. this is for an informal discussion board post. must have one or two in text citations and references. no title page needed. ALL REFERENCES AND CITATIONS MUST BE IN PROPER APA FORMAT
Leadership Theories and Project Management, writing homework help

Single and Combined Pulley Mechanisms Essay

essay writer A pulley is a wheel that is mounted on an axle, which helps in supporting movement of a belt along its circumference. Pulleys serve for transmitting power, as well as elevating loads. Some pulley systems are complex, while others are simple devices for local production. A simple pulley that has a single fixed pulley alters the direction of lifting the force. For instance, a single pulley for lifting some load up the roof will consist of a fixed pulley with a rope for pulling down instead of pushing up. The effort that is required to uplift the force is equal to the effort that is required to lift the load without the pulley. However, it is easier in uplifting a load with a single fixed pulley because the pulley enables one to pull the load towards the gravitational acceleration, rather than against it like in the case when one is uplifting a load without the pulley. Figure 1 below shows a single pulley, which is uplifting a load of 100N with a force of 100N. The single pulley helps in changing the direction of uplifting the load from upward to downward, but does not affect the force required to uplift the load, which is constant with or without the pulley. Figure 1: A single Pulley. A Single pulley is made-up of a grooved wheel, plus a block that holds it. A single pulley has a rope or a belt that runs through the groove around the wheel with one end attached to a weight or a fixed block as shown in figure 1 above. Pulleys are made of materials such as belt, rope and steal. Fixed pulleys do not have mechanical advantage, while single moveable pulleys have it. Mechanical Advantage (M.A.) = Load/Effort. For single fixed pulleys, the M.A is equal to one because the effort that is required to lift the load is equal to the weight of the load. However, for single movable pulley, the M.A. of the system is equal to two. This is because the effort that is required to uplift the load is equal to half the weight of the load. A combined pulley has several advantages over single pulleys. A fixed pulley has a disadvantage of applying more effort than the load uplifted because of the presence of friction force. Similarly, a movable pulley has a disadvantage of pulling the load upward, which makes it difficult. When, one combines a fixed and a moveable pulley, one gets a more efficient system than one experienced by single fixed and movable pulleys. The presence of the fixed pulley helps in changing the direction of pulling the load from upward to downwards, which makes it easier. In addition, the existence of the movable pulley helps in making the effort required to lift the load less than the load uplifted. A combined pulley has a M.A. of two, which makes the effort required to elevate the load half the weight of the load. However, the main problem with this system is that the effort travels a very long distance. Figure 2 shown below illustrates a combined pulley that consists of a single fixed and a moveable pulley. Figure 2: A Combined Pulley.

Use an analytical model, that is, the modified Streeter-Phelps model, to solve for the DO and CBOD concentrations in the river, at multiple locations. Use a Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet for 40 locations of a 100 Km river.

Use an analytical model, that is, the modified Streeter-Phelps model, to solve for the DO and CBOD concentrations in the river, at multiple locations. Use a Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet for 40 locations of a 100 Km river..

In Project Assignment 3, use an analytical model, that is, the modified Streeter-Phelps model, to solve for the DO and CBOD concentrations in the river, at multiple locations.You will be comparing this solution to the numerical solutions based on 10, 20 and 4 elements per reach as part of Project Assignment 5.For this reason, generate the solution at multiple locations for ease when comparing the numerically generated concentration profiles.I would expect at least 40 different locations defining the 100 km stretch of the river. Recommendation: Use Excel to generate this solution. For your convenience, I’ve listed below the details of the river system you are modeling.Submit the Excel spreadsheet containing these calculations.This is an individual assignment.Provided in the link is an example using the Modified Streeter-Phelps model followed by the lecture on the model for your review.
Use an analytical model, that is, the modified Streeter-Phelps model, to solve for the DO and CBOD concentrations in the river, at multiple locations. Use a Microsoft Excel Spreadsheet for 40 locations of a 100 Km river.

“The Lesson” and “The Parable of the Talents” Poems Comparison Research Paper

Table of Contents The Elements of the Poem Significance to Contemporary Society Conclusion Works Cited The proponent of the study will attempt to compare and contrast Maya Angelou’s The Lesson and Elizabeth Dandy’s The Parable of Talents. These two poems will be analyzed using the elements of poetry, such as, speaker, content, theme, form, tone, and diction. The proponent of the study will also attempt to decipher the type of poetry utilized for these two examples. Finally, the proponent of the study attempts to uncover the deeper meaning of these two poems and its significance to contemporary society. The Elements of the Poem At first glance there is similarity that the examiner can detect from a casual overview of the two poems. Both literary works contrast sharply with each other, and there seems to be no common ground between the two. An analytical procedure filtered through the elements of poetry reveals more significant differences between the two. In terms of the speaker, it is obvious that Maya Angelou was the narrator. Maya Angelou is not only an excellent poet; she is also a celebrity in her own right, someone who benefited from the power of mass media in the 20th century. A casual reading of the poem makes one realize that Angelou was speaking through those lines. The same thing cannot be said of Dandy’s work. It can be argued that The Parable of the Talents was narrated by someone who was either an eyewitness to the events mentioned in the poem or someone tasked to tell the story like the herald of ancient times burdened with the job of a spokesperson. With regards to the content, one can argue that certain similarities abound, however, it will require a certain degree of artistic license to see the connection between the two. At a superficial level Angelou’s poem talked about living and dying while Dandy’s poem talked about investing money. Nevertheless, one can argue that in a deeper level both poems inspire people to live life to the fullest. With regards to the theme of the poem, Angelou’s literary output seems to imply a certain message regarding the need to combat depression and negative thinking. The poem starts with a negative thought, as if the speaker is drowning from the combined impact of terrible circumstances (Angelou 1). There is nothing more terrible than death, and the speaker says that she is right in the middle of the most terrible test known to man. Furthermore, Angelou was not only suffering from the effects of a near death experience, she is constantly barraged by that awful feeling, the one experienced by those who are on the brink of death. In addition, the unpleasant feeling is made more problematic by the type of suffering she is experiencing because her body is waiting away. The them contrasts sharply with Dandy’s literary output; it is a poem that talks about the wisdom of investing and hard work. The poem seems like a straightforward narrative of cause and effect phenomenon of investing (Dandy 1). It is like listening to an investment banker trying to explain why it is better to invest a sum of money in a legitimate money-making scheme than to hide it in a secure place for fear of losing it to robbers or thieves. With regards to the form and shape of the poems, Angelou utilized an unstructured form to write it down. There are no discernible rhyming words and there is no discernible pattern when it comes to the number of words per stanza or the syllables used in every line. This shape or form is in stark contrast to Dandy’s structured approach to writing her lines. In The Parable of the Talents the reader can discern a pattern, especially when it comes to the number of syllables used per line. There is also an attempt to supply rhyming words in order to create music to the ears. For example, in the third stanza, the last word in the first line is zeal, and then, the last word in the second line is skill. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More With regards to the mood or tone, Angelou’s poem is more somber, and it elicits a solemn feeling. There is a seriousness to her voice, and one can imagine her serious demeanor when she wrote the lines. The solemn mood is brought about by the feeling of helplessness and pain experienced by those who are sick and dying. It can be argued that Angelou was on her deathbed when she wrote these lines. If this is not the case, then, perhaps she was battling a dreaded terminal illness like cancer. This perhaps explains the lines that describe her veins throbbing and mimicking the motion of a baby’s fist as it curls and uncurls throughout the night. The solemn mood in this poem contrasts starkly with that of Dandy’s poem, because the mood of the literary piece reminds the reader of the same mood required in narrating children’s parables. The use of words elicit a playful sense of communicating a warning about misbehavior, however, the message is conveyed using easy to access language. With regards to the element of diction, Maya Angelou utilizes words to express abstract ideas. It is interesting to note that the author uses concrete words to express abstract thoughts. For example, she used the terms rotting flesh and rotting worms. Without a doubt, Maya Angelou did not suffer from a debilitating sickness that involved rotting flesh and worms. She was referring to a sickness that eats away the spirit of vigor that gives her life. In the case of Dandy’s poem, words were used to paint a picture of people carrying something more than money. In the context of the poem, talent was not utilized in the same way that talent is applied in everyday circumstance. Based on the narrative the term “talent” is used as a measuring device. Dandy took inspiration from the Bible and if one uses the Bible as a reference, the term “talent” denotes an ancient measuring device. For example a talent of silver or a talent of gold. It is through this measuring device that the reader is able to grasp the varying levels of investment capabilities available to the three men in the narrative. Significance to Contemporary Society These two poems share common ground when it comes to the message on how to live life to the fullest. It can be argued that Maya Angelou’s poem serves as one of the farewell messages she made before her death. If one can assume that she was dying of cancer, then, the poem carries on extra meaning, and extra significance for the people who considers Angelou as one of the more influential people who ever lived in the 20th century. If she was dying from cancer, then, people should listen to her courageous words. Her struggle to survive was made more graphic by the use of stunning imagery. She said that her veins seem to have a life of its own. It seems like the vein was not just throbbing but trying to break free in order to escape the death grip that she is suffering. She also describes the way her body wastes away and she knew that her end is near. However, she did not succumb to the pressure. She could have chosen the easier path. There are many patients around the world who dreamed of assisted-suicide. The practice of asking the help of a physician to end suffering is a popular topic in many circles. She could have done that but she proposed a different tactic. With regards to The Parable of the Talents the goal was not just about money and investing. There is a deeper message that the author wants to convey to the readers. The author wants the readers to understand that they should learn the value of stewardship. The concept of stewardship is the key to understanding the rich lessons embedded in the text. The King or the ruler rewarded the servant who displayed the characteristics of a faithful steward. If the King was a mean ruler who was only interested in making a profit, then, there is no way to explain his generous nature towards those who made the investments grow. There is no way to explain the fierce anger aimed at the one who was afraid to invest. We will write a custom Research Paper on “The Lesson” and “The Parable of the Talents” Poems Comparison specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion Angelou and Dandy’s poems pose a challenge to modern day readers. In their own unique way both authors attempted to inspire the readers. In the case of Angelou she wants her audience to look at how she bravely fought the illness that was ravaging her body. It means that she had every excuse available to her in order to make her quit. Nevertheless, she chose to live. In the case of Dandy’s poem, the zest for life is manifested through the investment of talents. Although the imagery utilized in the poem denoted the use of a measuring device to apportion money or gold, the deeper meaning is the innate talent in the person. Therefore, the parable was a mirror that reflected the attitude of the people. The servant was not rewarded or punished on account of the money they made. They were rewarded or punished based on how they use the gift that was given to them. Works Cited Angelou, Maya. The Lesson. 2003. Web. Dandy, Elizabeth. The Parable of the Talents. 2009. Web.