Introduction Since world war I, public expressions of racism have been limited to far –right political parties such as the national front in the 1970s, whilst most mainstream politicians have publicity condemned all racism remains wide spread, and many politicians and public figures have been accused of excusing or pandering to racist attitudes in the media, particularly with regard to imagination.
There have been growing concerns in recent years about institutional racism in public and private bodies, and the tacit support this gives to crimes resulting from racism in the public sector to the police force, and requires public authorities The race relations act 1965 outlawed public discrimination, and established the race relations board. Further acts in 1968 and 1976 outlawed discrimination in employment, housing and social services, and replaced the race relation board with commission of racial equality.
The human rights act 1998 made organization in Britain, including public authorities, subject to the European convention on human rights. The race relation act 2000 extends existing legislation promote equality. Although various anti-discrimination legislation do exist, according to some source most of the employers in UK remain institutionally racist including public bodies such as police and legal professions. Its nearly impossible for persons subject to such institutional racism to seek legal redress, as in UK funding is not available at employment tribunal.
The situation of implementation of human rights law in similar. The terrorism acts, which came into law in 2000 and 2006, have caused a mark increase in racial profiling and have also been to been basis to justify existent trends in discrimination against person of Muslim origin by the British police. Public sectors employer in UK are some what less likely to discriminate on the grounds of race, as they are required by law to promote equality and promote equality and make efforts to reduce racial and other discrimination.
The private sector, however are subjects to little or no functional anti-discrimination regulation and short paid litigation, no remedies are available for members of ethnic minorities. UK employers can also effectively alleviate themselves from any liability for the employers racial screening and discriminatory policies to third party recruitment companies. Edward Ricardo Braithwaite’s autobiographical novel To Sir With love which is based on his experience as a black teacher in a tough east end secondary modern school, offers a remarkable insight into the politics of class and race in postwar London.
Sidney Poitier came to London to star in the film version of the novel in 1967, and later appeared in a sequel, based in Chicago, which was made for television in 1996. Yet surprisingly, the novel itself has been largely overlooked. When the narrator of To Sir With love arrives in London in 1948 he is struck by the disparity between his expectation and the reality I had references to it both classical and contemporary writings and was eager to know the London Chaucer and Erasmus and the sorores minories. I had dreamt of walking along the cobbled street of cable makers to the echoes of chancellor and the brothers of Willoughby.
I wanted to look on the reach of Thames at Black wall from which captain john smith had sailed abroad the good ship Susan Lawrence to found an English colony in Virgina ( 9) The corner stone of any significant cultural change must surely come from education. If one thing could characterize the changing nature of education during this period, it would be the shift toward a more egalitarian system. In 1944 the butler act had setup trippartie system as revolutionary measure, as it promised an education tailored young people of all abilities and back grounds.
The principle was that with each person was taking standardized tests at the age of eleven, the education system would progress towards the state of equality. However, over the twenty one years that followed its instatement, it became clear that the system was based not only on raw intellectual ability, but the out come of the system also reflected the class system it was supposed to disintegrate. Additionally, the so called parity of esteem that was alleged to exist between grammar, secondary modern and technical school was widely regarded by employers and the general public as fallacy.
Not only were secondary moderns under funded in comparison to grammar school, but from them with qualifications, and for many professions and universities, a grrammar school privilege but limited ability , would be similarly treat to their working class counter parts. It could not be simple. Despite having risked his life for the ideal British way of life he seen as alien. After his rejection he steps out of the grand imposing buildings in Mayfair disappointment and resentment were a solid bitter rising lump inside me I hurried into the nearest public lavatory and was violently sick. (pg) remembering the joyous celebrations on each royal visit to British Guiana he concludes yes it is wonderful to be British until one comes to Britain. And so without any sense of vacation as he candidly admits he becomes a teacher in an east end school that best job he can get. It’s a dark and gloomy building located in rubbish strewn bomb- wrecked area which he compares unfavorably with his light and cool school house in George town .
Life around cable streets turn out to e hard and not just for narrators at first he is rather snobbishly shocked by working class east enders whom he sees as peasants a term that Albert Angelo also uses about his east end of pupils in BS Johnson’s eponymous novel 964 Braithwaite resist seeing the children as victims despite their damp, impoverished and over crowded conditions at home hungry are filled naked or clothed they were whit and as far as I concerned that fact The narrator is bitterly disappointed in is kids and thinks that he has been wasting his time but he overjoyed to discover that his tolerance and patients good will paid off his pupils looking washed and smart attended the funeral proof of the efficiency of his pedagogy proclaiming his abilities, attractiveness, intelligence, judgment and unassertiveness.
But given the pervasive prejudice he encounters, it is hardly surprising that he should cast him self as the hero of his own story since, unlike the boys in selvon’s the lonely Londoners, Braithwaite has whom he calls mom and dad beyond that has no community as CarlyPhilip says in his introduction to vintage novel we do feel sympathy for this isolated patrician man who attempted now to make a community out of the pupils in his charge and his fellow Relationship between Teachers and students as portrayed by Braithwaite Braithwaite is a black man, who is a teacher at greens lade school who has recently joined the school because of demoralization from royal force.
He also holds a degree in engineering but was not able to find a suitable job because of his black colour as no white wants to work with a black or take order from blacks. Braithwaite has some insecurities when he starts teaching but he grows confident in his teaching abilities. He genuinely cares about the students and earns their respect by the end of the school year, Braithwaite is a beloved, warmly accepted teacher who is well known in community. Braithwaite is an intelligent sensitive man who is able to motivate his students. To Sir With Love deals with how the teacher pupil relationship is used to explore key themes in the novel. To sir with love is written by ER.
Braithwaite and includes some key themes throughout the novel. Racism, values, and relationships are some themes that are explored with use of Braithwaite ‘s relationship with his class members but with the class as whole. Braithwaite relationship with his class goes through three stages in the novel; silent treatment, noisy treatment and open protest. It’s only after exercising these stages that Braithwaite is finally accepted by his class and given respect. These stages explore maturity of class and how the values change through out the course of year. When Braithwaite first begins teaching he is faced with racist comments and new uncooperative rudeness of his students.
The teenagers refer to him as “new blackie teacher”. This illustrates the racial prejudice which existed in east end of London at that time. The students are obnoxious to the person he is, all they seein the colour of his skin. Braithwaite experience a cold attitude of his class, “I begun to feel a bit uneasy under their silent concentrated apraisl”. They do not offer to participate or raise the hand and are ignorant to their education. This reflects on how children often left school at young age and education was ot vital as it is now. Another theme touched on racism. Braithwaite endures prejudice from children although it is usually quite sly or hidden from outside point of view.
He will never be called as blackie or darky to his face but behind his back the children will happily speak about him. He has not really changed, maybe he does not get angry anymore at people who discriminate him. Gillian Blanchard is a great emotional and moral support to Braithwaite. She stands up for him even to her parents showing off her love for him. As Braithwaite walks through the hallways, he is nearly shocked by several students running out of classroom. He knocks and enters to see what is happening, only forty students unattended. By their dress and demeanor, they seem to be well aware of their maturing bodies. Everything is bit soil and untidy, as if too little attention were paid to washing themselves or their flashy finery.
Another male teacher, Weston comments later that they need is bloody hiding by the contrast how teacher Mrs. Evans near perfection without recourse of beating in her classes as well as immediate hush in assembly listened to select music played for them. This seems to attest quiet a respectful and orderly atmosphere in school on the whole. Braithwaite, as a well educated middle -class Black man who not only has university education but has been officers in the RAF, has to come with terms of failure of meritocracy in his life Braithwaite encourages their self -esteem by narrating his life to engage students interest and open possibilities of thought for them.
These learning experience connect to the world beyond school is the significant of the important way, cross -curricular and carefully integrated approach during half- yearly students council report saying that their lessons had particular bias towards brother hood of man kind, and they have difference in colour , race and creeds. Braithwaite was thus able to integrated ideas and concepts of curriculum areas Rather, using than to do away with books and narrowing down the curriculum he extends it using skeletons receives as an opportunity to introduce physiology Perhaps the most striking aspect of the novel is not the narrator’s occasional self -congratulation but his quietism.
When one of the boys attacks the bullying sport teacher for his sadistic treatment of a fellow pupil Braithwaite insist that the boy must apologize to the ‘master’. The class is shocked by what they consider to be just double injustice but the narrator counsels against rebellion. “I’ve been pushed around , Seales” I said quietly “in a way I cannot explain to you. I’ve been pushed around until I began to hate people so much that I wanted to hurt them. ,really hurt them. I know how it feels, believe me, and one thing I’ve learned, Seales, is to try always to be a bit bigger than the people who hurt me”. (Pg 162) Although the speech is given in front of the whole class it is directed particularly at Seales, the mixed race boy, even though he is not the culprit.
It is as if Braithwaite fears that Seales above all, is the one who need to learn the lesson of self-discipline, or risk being provoked into reaching for a knife or a gun and finding himself in deep trouble. In another scene the mother of one girl in the class comes to complain about her daughters behavior. The girl, Pamela, confides to her teacher : she is upset about the man who calls on her widowed mother and in particular about something that happened that she cannot mention. Again the narrator warns against rebellion insisting that Pamela should be obedient and courteous daughter. His message to the children seems to be world will do its dirty job; there’s no use kicking against the pricks; try to maintain his dignity. At several points in the novel Braithwaite is publicly humiliated.
On the bus an Englishwoman refuses to sit next to him. He guesses that she secretly enjoys herself: “what a smooth, elegant, superior bitch! ” he thinks to himself but he says nothing. On the tube taking his pupils to Victoria Albert museum two elderly well- dressed women start muttering darkly about shameless young girl and these black men until one of his pupils, Pamela shouted at them” He is our teacher. Do you mind? ” And again Rick is silent and so maintains dignity. The stoicism infuriates his white English girlfriend. When they go to an expensive restaurant tin Chelsea, the waiter keeps them waiting for a very long time and deliberately spills over the soup.
Gillian insist storming out but Ricky, we assume, would have remained at the table in a dignified way or would have sucked it up. How the reader sees his stance probably depends on whether one thinks that black people’s long walk to freedom is best pursued by the following Dr Martin Luther king’s path way of non – violent action or way of Malcolm. “Darkness cannot drive out darkness; only light can do that. Hate cannot drive out hate; only love can do that. ”-Martin Luther King In the beginning, he describes that he wants a job, not a labor of love. Then, after spending time with students,. Braithwaite began learning from them as well as teaching them. The students did not respect adult authority.
He realizes that they may have problems in their personal lives, but when they entered the classroom, Braithwaite joined them on journey of adulthood. The students asked many questions touched upon the people of different races, Braithwaite gave mature answer, and spoke to them as if they would behave more responsibly. When as a teacher he expected them, the students in return, accepted him and honored him with the title ‘sir’. “Myself you will address as ‘Mr. Braithwaite’ or ‘Sir’-the choice is yours; …. ” (73) The issue of racism does not disappear, but it never dominates the book. Race plays a significant role in Braithwaite’s relationship with other adults.
He also has to deal with inappropriate comments from staff. “I say whatever’s going on in that classroom of yours, old man? I mean this suburban formality and all. Bit foreign in this neck of the woods, don’t you think? ”- Mr. Weston. The adult clashes are ultimately concluded by him to be no importance as long as the repercussions do not enter the classroom it was who mattered. In this novel, various human characterized are portrayed. Through the story, the ideas that humans are able to adapt and their way of thinking seems to be demonstrated. Both the teacher, Braithwaite, as well as his students, go through many changes. These changes lead to a change in their way of thinking about each other.
The novel portrays the ability to adapt to the world around one’s self as very important trait. It’s a beautiful books about human nature and the behavior of the teenagers who are treading in the path of being extreme rebels. Then it tells the story of a person who first becomes a teacher just to sustain himself but realizes that these teenagers, whom he is in charge of, need help. So he selflessly forgets everything and help them to become adults. He tolerates all the hardship that goes through the process. The book is about students- teachers’ relationship. “The mediocre teacher tells. The good teacher explains. The superior teacher demonstrates. The great teacher inspires.
Ward At the end of the novel Braithwaite sells out his philosophy made it clear that coloured people in England were gradually working for their own salvation, realizing that it was not enough for them to complain about injustice done to them, or rely on interested parties to agitated on their behalf. They were working to show their worth, integrity and dignity in spite of the force opposing them. We all want to feel cared for and valued by significant people in our world. This knowledge is a powerful tool in the arsenal available to teachers as a classroom discipline, plans as a classroom teacher wield a great deal of power over the students simply due to the fact that teachers control their destiny for six and half hours each day, five days a week.
When students feel that their teacher value and care for apt they go out their teachers way to please the teachers, and the teachers should treat their students with dignity they should be impartial and encouraging. So it makes positive discipline climate in the classroom. It’s critical to remember that when it comes to students behavior it depends on the relationship which a students have their teacher than it rules themselves that encourages the students. “The best teachers teach from the heart, not from the book. ”-Anonymous There are several techniques that can be used to achieve the goal, teachers should monitor the way they call their students all students should be given a chance to participate in class. They can ask the students for hints in class.
They should tell the students directly that they have ability to do well their belief on students will give their students a great success. “The beginning is the most important part of the work. ”-Plato When a teacher calls on a student they should monitor themselves on the response opportunities. Often teachers, who keep track, discover that they have low expectation to answer. When they fail to recognize particular students, they might communicate in a low level confidence in their abilities individual students compound when they see other student are been called regularly. “Knowledge comes, but wisdom lingers. ”-Tennyson It’s important for a teacher to recognize that they are providing to all the students with response opportunities.
Putting a check the teachers call on during class hours, which will help the discussion moving they should make sure that they call on high achieving students and also the students who have pattern of not performing well. Keeping a simple check list on a clipboard during classroom discussion and moving other students to listen to the correct answers. “The true teacher defends his pupils against his own personal influences. ”-Amos Alcott However, it also could lead other students to think that the teacher doesn’t have confidence in them and expect them to participate, and it increases likelihood that they will get out of task a good teacher would allow their students to participate equally in class to make their class more effective.
The teacher student relationship is very important for children. A good teacher can inspire hope, ignite the imagination, and instill a love of learning. ”- Brad Henry. Children spend approximately 5 to 7 hours a day with a teacher for almost 10 months. Teachers should ask themselves what is considered a good teacher. All of us have gone through schooling, and if fortunate had a favorite teacher. A positive relationship between the student and the teacher is difficult to establish, but can be found for both individuals at either end. The qualities for a positive relationship can vary to set a learning experience approachable and inviting the students to learn.
A teacher and student who have the qualities of good communications, respect in a classroom, and show interest in teaching from the point of view of the teacher and learning from a student will establish a positive relationship Children have different strategies for learning and achieving their goals. A few students in a classroom will grasp and learn quickly, but at the same time there will be those who have to be repeatedly taught using different techniques for the student to be able to understand the lesson. On the other hand, there are those students who fool around and use school as entertainment. “A teacher affects eternity; he can never tell where his influence stops. ”- Henry Adams. Teaching then becomes difficult, especially if there is no proper communication. Yet, teachers, creating a positive relationship with their students, will not necessarily control of all the disruptive students.
The book, Responsible Classroom Discipline written by Vernon F. Jones and Louise Jones discuss how to create a learning environment approachable for children in the elementary schools. According to the Jones, “ Student disruptions will occur frequently in classes that are poorly organized and managed where students are not provided with appropriate and interesting instructional tasks” (101). The key is, teachers need to continuously monitor the student in order for him or her to be aware of any difficulties the student is having. Understanding the child’s problem, fear, or confusion will give the teacher a better understanding the child’s learning difficulties.
Once the teacher becomes aware of the problems, he or she will have more patience with the student, thus making the child feel secure or less confused when learning is taking place in the classroom. “One good teacher in a lifetime may sometimes change a delinquent into a solid citizen”- Philip Wylie. The communication between the student and the teacher serves as a connection between the two, which provides a better atmosphere for a classroom environment. Of course a teacher is not going to understand every problem for every child in his or her classroom, but will acquire enough information for those students who are struggling with specific tasks.
A significant body of research indicates that “academic achievement and student behavior are influenced by the quality of the teacher and student relationship” Jones 95. The more the teacher connects or communicates with his or her students, the more likely they will be able to help students learn at a high level and accomplish quickly. The teacher needs to understand that in many schools, especially in big cities like Los Angeles, children come from different cultures and backgrounds. A teacher then needs to understand the value of the students’ senses of belonging, which can be of greater value and build self worth for minority students. If the teacher demonstrates an understanding of the student’s culture, it will provide a better understanding between the teacher and the student.
Though there are students who have a difficult time in school and according to David Thomas essay, “The Mind of Man” states, “children who are yelled at feel rejected and frightened because a teacher shouts at them” (Thomas 122). The example above demonstrates the feelings the child has towards the teacher leading to inhibiting the child from learning. The reasons for children to be yelled at vary from teacher to teacher, but shouting should not be the solution for children who find education a difficult process or simply lack of learning experiences, but sometimes teachers find yelling at the child as the only quick solution. Therefore, those teachers who demonstrate respect towards their students, automatically win favor by having active learners in their classroom.
The arrogant or offensive teacher will lack these positive qualities due to his or her lack of control over the children. Teachers should assert that they should also be treated with respect and their responsibilities to ensure that students treat each other with kindness. According to Jones, “teachers are encouraged to blend their warmth and firmness towards the students in their classroom, but with realistic limits. ” (111). Conclusion Braithwaite is a novelist, writer, teacher, and diplomat, best known for his stories of social conditions and racial discrimination against black people, Braithwaite is perhaps is best known as an author for his autobiographical novel.
To Sir With Love is mainly remembered to day because of the 1967 flim version starring Sidney Poiter which updated Braithwaite’s particular and surprising postwar swinging sixties black board jungle movie with wailing theme tune sing by lulu. In an interview with Burt conductected for radio 4’s to sir, with love revisited , Braithwaite admitted to ambivalent feelings about the flim, although its success guaranteed that novel would never sink into oblivion. It provided him with some measure of financial security but he still loathed it from the soles of his feet, particularly because of betrayal of novel’s interracial romance/which he felt was essential to the protagonist ‘s escape from his isolation
In the novel Ricky and Gillian strike up a friendship in the staffroom which gradually develops into romance the main obstacle seems to be his worry about the effect of racists society in her how long would their happy association would survive the the malignity of stares which were deliberately indeed to make the woman feel unclean, as if she had abjectly degraded not merely herself but all women hood? Meanwhile she wants him to stand up to the racists whether on the tube or restaurant once they decide to marry they have to over come her father to grant his consent he objects “you might have children ; what happens to them they will belong nowhere, and no body will want them” when racists where not complaining that black men are talking to women they pretended to be concerns for the mixed –race children who, they argued, would not know they were. Braithwaite assures Gillian’s “will belong to them”.
The novel ends with Braithwaite being given a leaving present and card addressed “to sir with love” As a student I wanted to understand the work pressure of teachers and to show teachers understanding their students will help the students to bring in a great change in their attitude and they would be a positive human being The answer becomes clear when teachers interact with, and learn more about their students. Our first educational experience, which takes place in the primary years of our life, sets the principles for our future education. Every school year an elementary teacher deals with new faces and new attitudes. Some children find themselves lacking an interest in learning and others feel playing and fooling around at school with friends is the happiest moment of their life.
The solution to inappropriate behavior will not automatically get rid of the poor attitude of these children, but is to establish a positive relationship. Teachers can establish a positive relationship with their students by communicating with them and properly providing feedback to them. Respect between teacher and student with both feeling enthusiastic when learning and teaching. Having established a positive relationship with students will encourage students to seek education and be enthusiastic and to be in school. Remembering our favorite teacher will be recognized because they had at least in one way or another the qualities I discussed in this essay, although we are not aware of it during the time we are in school, but teachers are well recognized at a later time of our lives.
Insanity and Competency
Insanity and Competency.
Scenario: You are an intern assigned to a special agent for your state’s investigative bureau with a specialty in criminal intelligence. A representative for the Governor’s Office would like you to write a paper explaining how someone who is not a forensic psychologist is able to fill the position of criminal profiler in the State Investigation Bureau (SIB). To meet this request, you will prepare a 3–5-page white paper (in APA format) for the Governor and her staff so that they understand your training and why law enforcement personnel are used for this position rather than forensic psychologists. You will start by explaining what a forensic criminal profiler does and how investigators may be best suited for this position. Relate how the criminal profiler targets serial crimes involving murder, sexual assaults, and rare arson types. Explain the appropriate background for a criminal profiler. Create a 3–5-page paper including such issues as the following: The way the crimes were committed Where the crimes were committed How the victims were chosen The crime type The times the crimes were committed If the offender was/is communicating with the police or other individuals (press, victim’s family, and so on) The circumstances and condition of the actual crime scene(s) APA FORMAT Follow her Template to a T or she will throw a fit! OCD BAD this Professor is! whew! Make me proud!
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