They were written in a language that the common man could understand, and represented Pain’s liberal philosophy. Pain’s writings bolstered the morale of the American colonists, appealed to the English people’s consideration of the war with America, clarified the issues at stake in the war, and denounced the advocates of a negotiated peace. The first volume begins with the famous words “These are the times that try men’s souls. ” Contents and themes The first of the pamphlets was released during a time when the Revolution was still viewed as an unsteady prospect.
Its opening sentence was adopted as the watchword of the movement to Trenton.The opening lines are as follows: These are the times that try men’s souls: The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, In this crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands by It now, deserves the love and thanks of man and woman. The pamphlet, read aloud to the Continental Army on December 23, 1776, three days before the Battle of Trenton, tempted to bolster morale and resistance among patriots, as well as shame neutrals and loyalists toward the cause: Tyranny, like hell, Is not easily conquered; yet we have this consolation with us, that the harder the conflict, the more glorious the triumph.Along with the patriotic nature of The American Crisis, It displayed Pain’s strong deist beliefs, inciting the laity with suggestions that the British are trying to assume powers that only God should have. Paine sees the British political and laity maneuvers In America as “Impious; for so unlimited a power can belong only to God. Paine states that he believes God supports the American cause, “that God Almighty will not give up a people to military destruction, or leave them unsupported to perish, who have so earnestly and so repeatedly sought to avoid the calamities of war, by every decent method which wisdom could Invent”. Paine takes great lengths to state that Americans do not lack force, but “a proper application of that force” – Implying throughout that an extended war can lead only to feat unless a stable army was composed not of Malta but of trained professionals.
But Paine maintains a positive view overall, hoping that this American crawls can be quickly resolved, “for though the flame of liberty may sometimes cease to shine, the coal can never expire. ” Thomas Paine “The American Crisis” By fingernails the times that try men’s souls: The summer soldier and the sunshine patriot will, in this crisis, shrink from the service of his country; but he that stands by it now, neutrals and loyalists toward the cause: Tyranny, like hell, is not easily conquered; yet rump.Along with the patriotic nature of The American Crisis, it displayed Pain’s military maneuvers in America as “impious; for so unlimited a power can belong only the calamities of war, by every decent method which wisdom could invent”. Paine application of that force” – implying throughout that an extended war can lead only to defeat unless a stable army was composed not of militia but of trained professionals.
Environmental Impact of Plastic Water Bottles.
Environmental Impact of Plastic Water Bottles..
Three Articles Criteria 1) You may choose any topic related to the natural environment (other than climate change)however the link to this course must be clear. (“Questionable” topics must be approved by the instructor beforehand; send an email or inquire directly). 2) All three articles MUST be on the same general topic; however, they can take opposing stands/viewpoints on the issue. Article is to be chosen from each source: •Scholarly journal/report(peer reviewed/containing Abstract, Intro, References, etc.). •Website (respected sources including“.gov, .edu, or .org”) •Newspaper or popular magazine 4) All articles must have been published on/after January 2015. 5) You may not evaluate a review, letter to the editor, press release, abstract,or an editorial. 6)Within your reviews, provide a web-link to each article, and/or display the first and last page of the article(identifying author, date, name of publication) Three Article Reviews Criteria For each of the 3 articles in your portfolio, you will: •Write a 2-page critical review(20 points each review x 3 = 60 points) -10-12 point font; double spacing; standard 1-inch margins. -You may write more than 2 pages; but if you write less than 2 pages, points will be docked accordingly. -Most focus on the evaluation of the article (See 4. below) Each article review MUST contain the following: 1. Indicate the source of your article (scholarly journal, website, newspaper, etc.) and reference/cite the article at the beginning of your review (MLA or APAformat). (2 points) 2. Qualifications of author –Was this author qualified to write on this topic? Why or why not? If no information is available, what do you think,based on the article and your critical judgment? (2 points) 3. A brief summary the article –What is the question the author is addressing?What are the key points? What data is used to support these points? What are the conclusions of the article? (6 points) 4. Evaluation of the article –Why is the author’s argument strong or weak? Give examples of sources of info such as graphics/data, experts quoted, oragencies/organizations involved. Did the author take too many liberties with information? Are their arguments supported by facts? If solutions were proposed,are they feasible? Why or why not? What was left-out or lacking with the article?How is the tone of the article meant to affect the readers? Does the author use generic statements, or provide specifics? Is the author biased?Political?If so, toward what? What is your overall analysis of the article? (8 points) 5. Author’s motivation –Why is the author writing this article (to provide information or clarification, publicize new research data, to cause action, etc.)? (2 points) Summary of Articles Once you have critically analyzed (reviewed) your 3 articles: •Write a 2-page summary (20 points) -10-12 point font; double spacing; standard 1-inch margins. -You may write more than 2 pages; but if you write less than 2 pages, points will be docked accordingly Your summary must include the following: 1. What you learned about the topic from the 3 articles (5 points). 2. How the information varied from source to source in terms of bias, objectivity,and depth of information presented (6 points). 3. Compare the information from the three sources to your textbook and/or lecture (3 points). 4. Your opinion or stance on the issue. Why? Support your opinion. (6 points). Submittals -Each review and the summary is a minimum of 2 pages typed, for a total of 8 pages. -Remember to include weblinks and/or an image of first and last page of the article with each review.
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