Overall, one of Achebe’s main purposes is to write a tragedy following Aristotle’s definition. According to Aristotle’s definition, “A tragedy is a drama or other work of literature that tells the story of the fall of a person of high status” (Handbook of Literary Terms). In Achebe’s novel, after defeating the “great wrestler”, Amalinze the Cat, the tragic hero, Okonkwo gains much respect throughout each of the nine villages of Umoufla (Achebe 3); he feels a renowned sense of pride. Okonkwo’s pride ultimately causes his downfall.
Achebe expresses Okonkwo as “one of the greatest men of his time” (Achebe 6). All while indulging his already great honors, Okonkwo continues to gain a prestigious manly reputation. “He was a man of action, a man of war” as described by Achebe (Achebe 9). Okonkwo’s stature lead to his narcissistic opposition, which consequently becomes the most common type of “tragic flaw’; “arrogance resulting from excessive pride” (Handbook of Literary Terms). In return, Okonkwo’s flaw triggers numerous aversions towards the changing Igbo culture.
As the story unfolds Okonkwo fails to tolerate the newly prevailed traditions, bringing him to “mourn the loss of the past”, such as him feeling that he has lost his manly reputation’ (Chua 90). Sadly, Okonkwo is flamed with anger. After meeting the “sweet-tongued messenger” who invited him to the meeting with the District Commissioner, Okonkwo’s anger engulfs him, causing him to kill the messenger in hopes of restoring his faded repute throughout the villages (Achebe 140).
As Achebe continues to portray his story, he generates an abrupt disappointment for Okonkwo, when he soon realizes the villagers no longer support him. Even worse, Okonkwo admits that he will not succeed in saving his village from the British colonists. Okonkwo faces his downfall, caused by blindness towards his arrogance. After his painful disappointment, for not only himself, but the villagers as well, Okonkwo feels as if he has become Just like his father- “improvident” (Achebe 3).
In result, Okonkwo hangs himself, to escape from the vulnerability. Achebe ends the story, leaving the audience feeling great pity for Okonkwo. Taking everything into account, Achebe certainly provides many ideas throughout the novel that embrace and support Aristotle’s definition of a tragedy, including the fall of a tragic hero. In this case, the tragic hero being, Okonkwo, who takes the role of presenting “the tall ot a person ot high status” due to a tragic tlaw (Handbook ot Literary Terms)
1. Use the Java class you posted last week (corrected based on any feedback you may have received) and add encapsulation to it to include making all attributes private, adding constructor, and adding get and set methods. The main method should create an instance of the class and demonstrate the correct functionality of all the methods.
2. Reply to another student’s post. Suggest different constructors and/or methods and/or behavior of the class that would be consistent with the real object that the class is modeling, or suggest a different version of the code. Write the main method to demonstrate the correct functionality of the additions/modifications. As you reply to the other students, try to reply to a post that does not have a reply yet, and if not; try to reply to a post with a fewer number of replies.
Be sure to create a program different from any of the programs already posted by your classmates or the examples in the class materials.
As you answer these questions, use proper Java naming convention (Camel case), name the class, attribute, and method in a meaningful way to represent the business meaning, and add comments to the Java code as applicable.
The deliverables are the Java code and the documentation. The documentation is a single Microsoft Word document, or PDF containing the screenshot of the results obtained by running the code.