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The Views of Freud and Post Freudians on Human Nature Descriptive Essay

As the accredited founding father of psychology, there is a lot to learn from Freud. His theory of psychoanalysis covers a vast area in psychology including the field of personality psychology. According to Maltby, Day, and Macaskill, Freud’s key concepts include development of levels of consciousness, human nature and their sources of motivation, development of personality, and the structure of personality (2010). There are three levels of consciousness, which are the conscious thought, the preconscious level and the unconscious level. The conscious thought is the state that an individual is aware of at any given moment. It also includes one’s active thoughts at a specified time. The preconscious thoughts are those thoughts that an individual is unaware of, but can easily be recalled to the conscious mind. The last stage is the unconscious level, which entails fantasies, memories, feelings, thoughts, and urges that one is unaware (Brown, 1914). They are kept repressed in the memory as an individual is ashamed of them. These motivations may be inappropriate sexual urges and aggressive instincts that disturb the mind. Freud compares the conscious things in one’s mind to an iceberg. He likens the conscious mind to the exposed tip of the iceberg and the unconscious being to the submerged regions of the iceberg (Maltby et al., 2010). Repressed material comes in different forms, for example, in dreams, stressful times such as in somatic disorders, or the emergence of relatively conflicting impulses under the influence of psychotropic drugs and alcohol. An otherwise composed individual can be prompted to create an inappropriate sexual signal to others when under the influence of alcohol. Two other important concepts are the human nature and human motivation. Freud contributes an explanation on behavior and its maintenance especially basic human drives. He asserts that each child is born with an amount of mental energy-libido. This, in later life, turns to be the sexual drive. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More He proposes other drives the life-preserving drives and death drives. The life-preserving drives include hunger and pain, whereas the death drive (Thanatos) is a self-destructive instinct. The drives explain the origin of human motivation in an attempt to satisfy instinctive needs. Psychoanalysis describes the structure of the personality. It consists of the identity, ego and the superego. The ID is primarily the pleasure center that does not delay gratification. According to Maltby et al., it is the storehouse of raw uninhibited instinctual energy (2010). Freud believes that infants operate a lot with the ID because all that is in their world is satisfaction of their needs. Instinctual demands of the ID become socialized with time through learning the art of delayed gratification, requesting, and planning to be in sync with societal expectations. As the child develops another part of the personality, the ego, develops too. The ego is the executive part of the personality. It carries out tasks such as thinking, organizing, and is the reality principle process as they begin to acquire basic courtesies (such as please). The superego, which is the ultimate element of personality to advance, is the moral center of the child (Maltby et al., 2010). It enables the making of right and wrong judgments and the internalization of acceptable standards. Development of morality, however, differs with individual socialization. These three structures of the personality are in constant conflict with each other. In addition, the superego moderates the ID and the ego. Freud explains that the conflict created is an intrapsychic conflict that manifests in mental disturbance with anxiety being the most common form. The ego uses defense mechanisms such as repression to fight the anxiety. Finally, the other key aspect in Freudian psychology is the development of personality. He describes the personality as developing through five distinct stages. It is a theory whose primary responsibility is the sex drives hence the name psychosocial stages (Maltby et al., 2010). Each libido, Freud argues, concentrates on a particular body part, which is the source of pleasure and gratification at that moment. These areas are the erogenous zones. In essence, only biological factors are in action and social factors are ignored. We will write a custom Essay on The Views of Freud and Post Freudians on Human Nature specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The first of the five distinct stages of developing personality is the oral stage, which lasts from birth to one year. At this stage, libidinal energy is directed to the primary caregiver. The child develops a trusting attitude towards people because of what transpires during this stage. There are consequences for too much or too little stimulation. The child can be fixated at this stage and can continually seek oral stimulation in later life. Overindulgent individuals are the oral receptive individuals who become overdependent while underindulgents are the oral aggressive characters who tend to exploit others. The anal stage begins at about eighteen months to three years. Sensual pleasure is derived from bowel movements (Maltby et al., 2010). Toilet training ought to be handled properly. Failure to do so results in fixation. This stage can involve a parent and the child in interpersonal conflict. There may be a battle of wills if the parent is overly demanding in the training period. Such a child can be rebellious to authority in the future. Fixation at this stage leads to the development of an anal retentive personality. Such people are stingy, extremely neat and very orderly as a consequence of delaying to empty their bowels in childhood as they wait for parental instruction. Children who resist parent’s attempts in toilet training end up as disorganized individuals and constitute the anal expulsive characters. Phallic stage occurs between the ages of three to five and a child’s genitals are the most sensitive parts. The girls’ penis deficiency makes them suffer ‘the penis envy’ while the boys suffer from ‘castration anxiety’ as they fear to lose their penis. Boys become intuitively aware of their mothers’ sexual being, develop a rivalry towards their fathers and fall in love with their mothers (Ahmed, 2012). The boy experiences anxiety that is resolved by identifying with the father hence the development of a male personality. A parallel conflict happens to the girls, the Electra complex. Unresolved conflicts at this stage breed a promiscuous male who fails to develop masculine characteristics and can end up gay. Lesbians can develop when females associate more with masculine traits than when they do with feminine characteristics. The latency stage, a resting period, starts at age five and ends at about twelve years. The genital stage is the final stage (Maltby et al., 2010). Reawakening of sexual instincts occurs and forms mature sexual attachments at this level. Not all people successfully get to this stage (the genital stage). Heinz Kohut forms a slightly different version of Freudian psychoanalysis. He agrees with the Freudian concept of parent child relationship. However, he later splits from psychoanalysis and names his modification of psychoanalysis the self-theory (Ellis, Abrams,

Overall, this is a very well-organized working draft. The file format does not allow me to give you any

Overall, this is a very well-organized working draft. The file format does not allow me to give you any in-text comments, so here are some suggestions for your revision: 1. Try to highlight the connection between Twain’s story and the American realism in your thesis and topic sentences. The wording can be different, but somehow it has to be a reminder that your analysis is linked to the greater tradition of American realist literature (You could say, The impact of American realism in Twain’s work is also evident in the setting of the story, the wild Western frontier during the Gold Rush…) I’m sure you can come up with your own version. 2. Rewrite all three topic sentences so that the emphasis on realism, or Twain’s contribution to it, is clearly indicated. 3. Put more emphasis on the narrative strategy, especially on frame narrative–the use of double narrators–in your first body paragraph, in addition to your analysis on their different styles of language, local vs standard English. 4. Add more comments to the quotations, especially to the first quotation in the third body paragraph

Grand Canyon University Networks Privacy and Security Presentation

java assignment help Grand Canyon University Networks Privacy and Security Presentation.

The purpose of this assignment is to explore legal and ethical issues related to networks, privacy, and security, as well as to research specific types of privacy and security threats and the measures that employee users should take to maintain privacy and security within an organization.For this assignment, you will assume the role of an employee within an organization. Research common employee IT privacy and security issues and ways that employee users can protect themselves and the business from privacy and security breaches and risks. Some common risks to business include lack of password management, electronic storage and transfer of information, privilege abuse by employees, use of unapproved hardware and software, data mishandling, equipment misuse (including hardware and systems), knowledge misuse, unapproved workarounds, securing company data and information on personal employee devices (e.g., cell phones, tablets), collaboration with third-party service providers, social engineering, phishing attacks, etc.As a group, you will conduct research about two specific employee privacy and security issues that an organization could face. Identify the information below in relation to each issue.Define the employee privacy/security issue and explain why it could be a risk for an organization.Provide a specific workplace scenario to illustrate the employee privacy/security issue.Discuss the legal and ethical implications the privacy/security issue presents for the employee, the company, and the customer.Describe the negative impact the employee privacy/security issue could present to the organization in terms of its overall effect on accounting, finance, marketing, management, economics, and general business operations.Discuss specific policies, strategies, and techniques that could be employed by the organization and the employee to minimize the identified employee privacy/security issue.Assume your group members are part of the IT security team in your organization. Create a 10-12-slide PowerPoint presentation to summarize your research findings and educate employees about the identified IT privacy and security issues. Include each of the required components for the issues researched by your group. Include speaker notes for each slide.
Grand Canyon University Networks Privacy and Security Presentation

CASE STUDY: explain why having a cultural profile of people

CASE STUDY: explain why having a cultural profile of people.

As the managing director for your company, based in India, that manufactures computer equipment, you are negotiating
with an official in China. His job is to select computer equipment for city employees. You are adamant that you want all the
specifications named clearly in a contract. However, the Chinese official is not interested in the technical and financial
details. In one to two pages, explain why having a cultural profile of people in the official’s cultural group could help you
avoid a breakdown in communication in this situation. How can you get through the intercultural impasse and obtain a
contract that both you and the Chinese official find acceptable?
Your case study should be properly formatted to include a title page, running head, page numbers, and reference list. The
paper should follow APA guidelines for all resources for in-text citations, paraphrasing, and references.
CASE STUDY: explain why having a cultural profile of people

I had the results section written and it is missing a lot of necessary information resulting in a poor

I had the results section written and it is missing a lot of necessary information resulting in a poor. I had the results section written and it is missing a lot of necessary information resulting in a poor grade. I am including the annotated feedback of the paper as well as the detailed results information. I have also included the rest of the paper so you can use the needed information from there.I had the results section written and it is missing a lot of necessary information resulting in a poor