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The use of Microsoft Word (12 point font) Please use correct grammar and citations Use expanded or sophisticated grammar

The use of Microsoft Word (12 point font) Please use correct grammar and citations Use expanded or sophisticated grammar Organize all points Categorize Points No additional filler words Straight to the point with clear understanding Follow all instructions Be very detailed with information Briefly summarize the readings (3-4 sentences per article) and then briefly compare and contrast the work in terms of theoretical perspectives and claims Pose, create and develop three questions Do not write about what feminism is and how it works. Do not define the term. Please focus on the articles main and important points. Be sure to include original thoughts. Articles: Just Mothering Nancy Fraser, The Contradictions of Capital and Care Alessandra Mezzadri, On the Value of Social Reproduction
IFSM 311 University of Maryland Global Campus Enterprise Architecture Paper.

Enterprise Architecture Enables Processes Paper – Individual Assignment Purpose of this Assignment This assignment gives you the opportunity to apply your critical thinking skills and understanding of the course concepts to explain how the enterprise architecture (EA) and/or the EA program supports the other IT management processes of an organization. This assignment specifically addresses the following course outcomes: describe enterprise architecture (EA), the appropriate application of EA frameworks, and an overall ongoing EA program analyze and examine how enterprise architecture and enterprise systems influence, support, and enable an organization’s ability to contribute to strategic decision making and to respond and adapt to the business environment apply EA concepts to support business requirements and identify opportunities for enterprise solutions
IFSM 311 University of Maryland Global Campus Enterprise Architecture Paper

Kohuts Self Psychology Integrative Model Psychology Essay. To answer the questions I am going to explore and discuss Kohuts Self Psychology Integrative model and Clarksons 5 Relationship Integrative model. I will then discuss these approaches in relation to my personal growth and the counselling process. The Self psychology integrative model was created by Heinz Kohut (M. Kahn 1990). Kohut believed that for a person to fully develop three main needs, need to be met. The first need is the need to be mirrored; this is the need for the child to be shown by the parents that the child is of great importance to them. The second need is the need to be idealized, It is important that the child can think that one parent is powerful, calm and confident. The third need is the need to be liked by others. Children need to know that they share some characteristics with their parents this will make a child feel like they belong. The first need of the developing self is the need to be “mirrored” what Kohut called the grandiose – exhibitionist. The second need of the developing self what Kohut called the idealised parental imago? The third need of the developing self is what Kohut called the twin ship or the alter ego. Kohut believes that if the child is not able to be mirrored, idealized or liked by child others. The child then gets the opportunity to build structures that are missing from the child’s three main needs for itself from its own perspective. I am now going to move on to Clarkson. The Clarkson 5 relationship integrative model created by Petruska Clarkson (Clarkson 1990) looks at the facets of the relationship. She believes that there are 5 therapeutic relationships that are of constructive use. The first is the working alliance; the second is the transferential/counter-transferential relationship. The third is the reparative /developmentally needed relationship. The fourth is the transpersonal relationship. The fifth is the person to person relationship. (Clarkson 1995) She also states that there has to be a relationship and it looks at all relationships from childhood to the present day, the therapeutic relationship being the most important of all. The factors of the therapeutic relationship are that there has been an agreement made between the client and therapist that the session will be paid for at the beginning or at the end of the session. The second factor is that one of the people in the relationship has been trained to take part in it; the third factor is the therapist should be committed to helping the client change. Now I will discuss and explore these approaches. Name: Cornell king Date: 03-12-12 Assignment: Theory assignment – Year 1 – Integrative Explore and discuss Kohut’s Self Psychology Integrative model and Clarkson’s 5 Relationship model. Discuss these approaches in relation to your own personal growth and the counselling process. The beginning of Kohut’s movement away from the traditional way of psychoanalytic systematic procedure of treatment. He was able to pin point it to a female patient that cursed him in all their sessions. He thought he was dealing with oedipal transference (A. Milne 2010) (The term Oedipus complex is derived from the mythical Greek figure of Oedipus, the Oedipus complex is the desire to be with one parent of the opposite sex and remove the other parent of the same sex) But he realised he was wrong and stopped this approach and changed to listening to his patient instead of arguing with them. He then realised that this was not resistance it was his patient’s way of trying to let him see what her childhood was like growing up for her. Kohut turned away from the traditional hard stance of psychoanalytic practice and brought in the warmth and empathy of the humanistic approach. Kohut’s was seen as a psychoanalyst that really increased the thinking about human development, psychopathology and theory. Kohut respected the power of the explanatory classical formulations and to build on the standard theory of psychology by adding to it. Through his study of the psychoanalytic theory of development Kohut had found forms of transference that had not been recognised by anyone else yet. Gill and Kohut believed in the significance of the relationship between the therapist and the client. He has given therapist a new understanding and something of quality in the value of empathy conveyed to the client. There were two questions that Kohut would ask his students, his colleagues and his clients. The first was “My angry patient didn’t get something from her parents what was it?”, and the second was “what could be done about it?” The answers that he got changed his view and he started to integrate a more humanistic view in to his development, (Wikipedia, Heinz Kohut) Kohut expanded on his theory during the 1970’s. Kohut tried to join psychoanalysis and humanism as one. I will now move on to Clarkson. I am going to discuss and explore Clarkson’s 5 relationship models of the client and therapist relationship of an integrative psychotherapeutic framework. The first model is the working alliance this is when the client and the therapist work together for the benefit of the client this alliance needs to be strong for this to work; both parties need to know their roles in the relationship. The second model is the transferential/counter transferential relationship this can be something like a parent, child impulse that the therapist needs to work with the therapist might need to take the role of the parent in the relationship. The third model is the reparative developmentally needed relationship; this relationship can heal past traumas. The fourth model is the person to person relationship; this is where the therapist bonds with the client through showing respect and being equal to their client in the relationship their real self. The fifth model is the transpersonal relationship is the spiritual model of the relationship. I am now going to discuss the two approaches in relation to my development. In relation to my personal development I think that Kohut’s approach and the need for mirroring were not met adequately. I know that one of my parents was idealised by me. The need to be liked was met by my parents. The thing that I have realised from Kohut’s approach is that because the need for mirroring was not met adequately by my parents the person I seek out to fulfil this need is my older sister. Even though Freud thought that this was a bad thing. Kohut thought that maturation was a lifelong process and this was a good thing. That means that a person will always be maturing in to the fully developed self. In relation to Clarkson’s theory of the working alliance building trust, mutual respect, being empathic and congruent between me and relatives and friends in my personal life is always an ongoing process. With most approaches to counselling it is vital that a good working alliance is built between client and therapist. This is essential to both Kohut’s self psychology and Clarkson’s 5 relationship model. Another important element that both approaches, share or have in common is that the therapist must be warm, empathic, mutual respect for client, equal in the relationship, be human and authentic or their real self. There is another thing they both have in common is very strict time boundaries, the sessions are fifty minutes from start to finish, and both Kohut’s self psychology and Clarkson’s 5 relationship model are talking therapies. Therapy can take a few sessions or many years for a client to fully recover. Both these approaches use empathy as a means of conveying understanding and their awareness of the client’s feelings and thoughts. There are significant differences in the therapeutic styles of these two approaches. The first approach I am going to discuss is the Kohut’s self psychology his approach was from a psychoanalyst’s stance that the client does not know themselves and the therapist does. But changed to integrate the view of humanist Carl Rogers and believed that clients know so much more than the therapists what they need to improve their situations. The second approach I am going to discuss is Clarkson’s 5 relationship model. This approach is the therapist is their real self, has respect for the client, is equal to the client, the therapist must be committed to helping the client change from negative ways of thinking. But the therapist can take on an authority figure if the client enters in to a reparative relationship with their therapist. Kohut self psychology believes that by meeting the needs that have not been met by the clients parents in childhood. Being empathic, understanding and explanatory to his client’s, and being a human. Kohut also focuses on deficits from negligent parenting from his client’s childhoods and their effect on the client’s present behaviour and moods. (M. Kahn 1990) Kohut was a relationship therapist and thought that explanation had a value; he felt that client and therapist became more like fellow worker or a member of staff building in the explanatory system. He believed that the relationship he had with his client had greater complexity and maturity than a relationships based on empathy alone. This approach emphasises on the three main needs outlined in the first paragraph of this essay. (M. Kahn 1990) Kohut also taught that not enough empathic acceptances from a child’s parents drive large parts of the personality deep underground. Clarkson’s 5 relationship modal from an integrative perspective. From this view the way that I am now going to attempt to integrated these models in to the therapeutic relationship the first is exploring. This part of the session is the working alliance where the therapist must focus on the client and cooperate to (Eddy Kloprogge 2008) build a basic contract which people agree to work together this is a good foundation for the therapeutic relationship to start. The therapists needs to listen to the client reflect feelings to the client to see if he has the right meaning at this point the therapist would find out what the client needs or wants and what the client would want to get from counselling. The therapist needs to attend in the session to show the client that he is focussed on the client. An important part of this is the person to person relationship that uses the core conditions. These are empathy, congruence and unconditional positive regard. The middle understanding of the session is the transferential and the counter transferential relationship. This relationship could be the same as godparent or step parent and be deficient of real parents. This way of exploring with the client supporting them encouraging and accepting them for who they are. Transference can be seen as an adult returning to child like habits and events. It can appear in the relationship by the client taking past behaviours in to the present session and directing them at the therapist and not the parent that it was directed at in the past. The therapist might not be able to separate his thoughts for his parent and his client’s parent Counter transference this relationship could be seen as parent and child. The therapist has a distorted view of the client and the therapist becomes the child and the client the parent. This cover immediacy this is the feelings of the client that come up for them in the session. The client and therapist relationship can heal previous trauma this is the reparative relationship and this is done by contributing the core conditions at the appropriate time during the session. The end action of the session is the person to person relationship and the transpersonal relationship. The therapist in this part of the session is looking at the client’s evaluation of the session. The client should be setting goals that are realistic and attainable. This is the transpersonal relationship also the spiritual dimension this is when things happen in the therapeutic relationship that there are no explanations for could be called “aha” moments. I think it’s important not to look at this too much if it damages the other relationships. Kohut’s self psychology in relation to the therapeutic process in counselling. The first part is transference when the client takes feelings from the past in to the present, meaning in to the session that is happening with the therapist. This is when Kohut takes on the role of the parent, but instead of reacting to the client as their parent would, Kohut would respond to them using empathy as a tool. To make his clients feel understood and accept their experiences and then need for mirroring is accepted and understood. This also help the client get more of a sense of self. This is the second part of the process is transmuting internalization in this part the client is going to start to build structures for themselves. Piece by piece the client will develop transmuting internalizations and the structures created by the client are important to the building a well integrated and strong self, the clients need to be mirrored won’t bother them anymore because the need has been met in the therapeutic process. The third part of the process is the alter ego in this part of the process the therapist makes his clients realised that they are the same as the rest of us through empathically interpreting the client’s view of their self. The therapist must meet the need well enough for the client to develop a sense of belonging and feel part of society on a whole. The last part of the process is the self in this if all the needs are met the client will grow and have a healthy view of self not distorted by other external evaluation. I am going to summarise I have discussed and explored the principles of Kohut’s self psychology and Clarkson’s 5 relationship model. I think that integrative models can work in practice as Kohut has shown by taking elements like empathy from the humanistic approach and practicing it within the psychodynamic reparative model in the psychodynamic approach it in to the reparative relationship approach and Clarkson’s framework of the 5 relationship integrative model has shown that this theory can work. I think that for this integrative model to be used the therapist would have to be competent. I have discussed the differences in these therapeutic approaches. I think one of the similarities that both these two approaches focus on is the quality of the relationship between therapist and client to help facilitate client change and development. However there are opposing theories in Clarkson’s approach, for example the person to person and the transferential and counter transferential. Working from a person to person approach the therapist takes the view that he is in an equal relationship with his client he is not there to give advice or direction to his client and by applying the core conditions in the counselling process there will be some therapeutic change However the psychodynamic approach is more to do with interpreting the clients views and meaning. This is the way that psychological change happens. The therapist adopts the position of authority in the relationship which is the total opposite of the person to person relationship. This is the same for Kohut’s self psychology because through the transference in the relationship the therapist takes a position of a parent which is the authority figure in the relationship. Through transference the therapist employs empathy and a tool for a reparative relationship to help heal the client. Theoretically integrative models don’t work because they cannot only be confusing for the therapist. It can also give the client opposing views of the therapist and their roles in the counselling process. But Kohut and Clarkson have shown that it can work if the therapist is sensitive to all the subtle changes within their clients and the counselling process. P. Clarkson 1990, The therapeutic relationship, Whurr P. Clarkson 1995, The therapeutic relationship, Whurr M. Kahn 1990, Between therapist and client, Holt Sue Culley and Tim Bond 2004, Integrative counselling in action, Sage Dr. Eddy Kloprogge 2008, http://organizationalconstellation.blogspot.co.uk/2008/11/5-relationship-model.html Heinz Kohut, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Heinz_Kohut Kohuts Self Psychology Integrative Model Psychology Essay
Music in Saudi Arabia Research Paper. Introduction Music is regarded as the universal language that traverses over cultural boundaries and nations thus unifying the human race. It is believed to have the ability to evoke sentiments ranging from happy, sensual emotions to sad and enraged feelings. As an art, music has evolved together with a man from a humble mostly percussion beginning to the beautiful and complicated symphonies that engage hundreds of instruments of this modern era. The developer of music was expansive thereby leading to the birth of different styles of music called genres. These genres often depend on the unique geographical, and cultural settings of the singer as motivation and inspiration always come from one’s surroundings. Owing to its geographical positioning, music in Saudi Arabia has been influenced by several different sources including India, Iran, the East African Coast, Egypt and Iraq (Maisel and Shoup 310). This means that the music offered by Saudi Arabia is not only expansive but also has a unique blend as a result of this wide pool of sources. This paper sets out to discuss music in the Saudi Arabian context. The various kinds of music and their effect on Saudi culture shall be articulated. Merits and Dangers of music to Saudis shall also be highlighted to bring about a deeper appreciation of the effects of music in Saudi Arabia. Development of Music in Saudi Arabia Compared to Western nations, relatively less music is played in Saudi society. This is mostly as a result of the strict interpretation of the Quran where music is not allowed in religious services and also plays little part in a person’s private life (Broberg 49). However, this has been changing mostly as a result of the influence of radio and television which has made music increasingly heart in Saudi society. Music has not historically enjoyed a favorable past in Saudi. With the growth of the modern Saudi state in the 1920s, the authorities mostly under the influence of the religious leaders banned singing and musical instruments (Zuhur 65). The reason for this ban was mostly religious since the Koran does not approve of music. However, this ban was not absolute, and musicians and dancers were still allowed to perform at weddings and for certain religious celebrations. Traditional Music Most of Saudi Arabia’s’ traditional music is inspired by the geography of the land. Music related to pearling and seafaring is part of the classical music in this region, and this is as a direct result of the sailing history of the people. These songs came about due to the occupation of building ships and sailing that is a part of the Saudi legacy. As such, there were songs for work while making the ship, moving the vessel form the dockyards to the sea as well as songs for sailing. These songs were mainly to boost the morale of the people involved in the various tasks as well as for expressing hope and encouragement for pearling and seafaring was a dangerous occupation. A particularly common form of traditional music in the Gulf region is the Sawt which is centered on the lead singer who is fundamental to the music. This traditional music is mostly noted for its poetic verses, and the music is normally performed in front of large audiences in large halls. Sarat also comprises of several percussionists who provide an accompaniment to the singers. Zuhur asserts that this form of music also involves the audience who clap n a particular rhythm (66). The audiences also at times dance to the music usually in pairs. The Bedouin people who are the Arabic speaking nomads of the Gulf region developed a distinctive chant accompanied by a single stringed instrument and drums. This type of music became known as Bedouin music and continues to play an important role in Saudi Arabia despite the Bedouin not forming a majority of the region’s population (Maisel and Shoup 314). The drumming element of Bedouin music is significant, and drug groups can range from a small number up to a squadron of 50 men drum groups. These drum groups were traditionally an important part of honor and display of valor and Maisel and Shoup reveal that this is still the case in modern times (314). Contemporary Music Contemporary music in Saudi Arabia began in the 1950s despite the ban that had been enforced on most music and dance. This music was mostly enjoyed in private settings. After the ban was lifted, Saudi singers began recording their songs and had their songs played on the radio to a wide audience. In addition to this, music from Egypt, Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq was played, and this proved to be influential to Saudi music. Maisel and Shoup note that most local singers began to be influenced by the powerful Cairo radio station “Sawt al-‘Arab” as well as popular Indian musical films (315). Saudi music has not escaped the western influence, and the country boasts of several very successful pop stars. A particularly significant artist is the Saudi Mohammad ‘Abduh who has become renowned in the wider Arab region for his songs which borrow greatly from the traditional folk songs (Maisel and Shoup 316). The 1990s were a particularly significant year for Saudi music and musicians. It was in this decade that Saudi musicians began to be exposed to the global music market with some of them rising to major stardom. Saudis such as Adb al-Majid ‘Abdallah and Rashid al-Majid rose to stardom achieving large sales of their albums in not only the Arab world but also in Europe, North America and Asia (Maisel and Shoup 316). One of the special features of contemporary Saudi music is that it uses traditional poems to recognize high quality. This attribute of Saudi Arabian music has resulted in the attraction of a huge Arabic listenership to the music. The main reason for this is because the high-quality poetic verses offer a variance to the sea of Egyptian and Lebanese pop songs that are characterized by catchy beats but unimaginative words (Maisel and Shoup 315). Saudi Arabian music has received recognition and a measure of success in the Arab world mostly as a result of its variance. One of the renowned Saudi singers ‘Abd al-Majid declares that the reason for this popularity is that “there are over twenty different rhythmic patterns in their music whereas Egyptian and Lebanese popular music use less than ten” (Maisel Shoup 315). Some of the western music which has made a niche in Saudi Arabia is American-style country music. Goldstein reveals that this music is mostly as a result of the influence of U.S. soldiers stationed in the Persian Gulf (18). However, this embrace of western music is not as prevalent as is the case in most other nations whereby western music has almost entirely eroded or redefined local music. The reason for this restricted embrace of Western music is because of the role that religion plays in Saudi Arabia. Western music is mostly related to moral decadence, and therefore the society is taught to shun it or in some cases, the government censors the music. Social Relevance of Music One of the areas whereby music plays an important role in Saudi society is at wedding parties. Zuhur notes that typically, the bride’s family hires musicians who are usually women (62). These musicians comprise the chorus, drummers, violinist and sometimes keyboardists. The music is especially important since the musical group sets the tone of the entire event. As such, if the musicians appear bored and fail to excite the crowd, the whole wedding ceremony may lose its slender. This music is mostly accompanied by traditional dances which are performed by young girls and teenagers. Being a strictly conservative community, women never express emotions or ideas related to love in public. However, Zuhur notes that music acts as a platform through which strong emotions never verbalized by women in public can be expressed in the form of love songs (63). Music, therefore, acts as a forum whereby the participants are allowed to enjoy themselves in a manner that the traditional society would not normally allow them to as well as express sentiments which are unacceptable in other instances. Benefits of Music From its conception, the traditional function of music as entertainment. This remains true in modern-day Saudi culture where music is still hailed as the number one entertainment activity for Saudi Arabians. This is especially in light of the popularization of Saudi music as well as the outside influence which has brought about new contemporary music which is hugely entertaining and is used in wedding parties as well as most other major celebrations. Research indicates that Saudi’s are increasingly dedicating more time to listening to music for leisure than they did in the past (Shepherd 22). This may be because of the globalization process which is exposing Saudi Arabia to the world and slowly moving the conservative society into a contemporary one. From a commercial perspective, music has become a big business in Saudi Arabia with individual artists gaining immense wealth as well as a measure of fame. While the contribution of the music to the Saudi economy is relatively minute, it remains to be a contributor. This is because through the various components, e.g., recording artist, production houses, agents and concert venues to name but a few, this industry creates employment for several Saudi citizens and also gives the government some amount of revenue from taxation on sales made. The recognition that the country as a whole gain from its music is also significant and positive for the country as it tries to market itself to the rest of the world. Negative Impacts of Music While traditional Saudi Arabian music is accepted by the society due to its social awareness, Saudi Arabia’s music scene has begun to be infiltrated by some western genres of music such as Hip Hop and rap which are infamous for their lewd content and vulgar language. Masooma asserts that most western music is derogatory to the woman and degrades her to a sexual object. This objectification of women is contrary to the Islamic standards that Saudi Arabia abides by. In addition to this, such offensive material is detrimental especially to children and adolescents who are highly impressionable. In addition to this, some forms of music have been noted to actively promote social vices such as drugs and violence. Another disadvantage of music is that it can be used to advance prejudices and stereotype images which may then be used as the basis by which people interact with others of differing cultures. As such, music has led to the marginalization of some groups as well as propagation of prejudices which is detrimental to the harmony of the Saudi Arabian society. Conclusion This paper set out to give a brief overview of music in Saudi Arabia to provide a deeper appreciation of the role that music plays in shaping the Saudi Arabian culture. To this end, this paper has discussed traditional music as well as traditional music. How the music has evolved has been articulated, and the impact of outside influence on the Saudi music scene discussed. Like most other things in life, music has been seen to be a two-faced creature; having both a benevolent side and malevolent side. The advantageous attribute of music has been seen to be significant in keeping people happy and nation-building efforts. However, from the discussions presented herein, it is evident that the negative aspect of music may break the fiber that makes up the Saudi society if they are left to run wild. Laws by the country have to this point prevented this from happening, therefore, making sure that only the benefits of music are enjoyed by Saudi society. Works Cited Goldstein, J. Country Music Hot in Saudi Arabia! Weekly World News. Vol. 22, No. 1, 2000. Print. Masooma, Beatty. Shedding Light on the Darkness of Music. 2003. Web. Maisel, Sebastian and Shoup, John. Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Arab States Today: A-J. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2009. Print. Walker, Jenny. Oman, UAEMusic in Saudi Arabia Research Paper

The Effects of the Global Nature of Consumption Essay

Table of Contents Introduction Colonial Korea Korea under US and USSR Occupation Contemporary Korea Works Cited Introduction One of the main roles of culture is the consumption of goods. In a way, consumption leads to capitalism that people produce and sell their goods for progress and prosperity. In most cases, the more people produce and sell, the richer they become. Thus, a prosperous society is the one that produces and consumes more. The gross national product (GNP) measures the economic growth of a particular country realized through production and selling of goods and services. GDP measures how successful a society has become through consumerism. Nevertheless, in order to produce, develop and consume goods, people must extract natural resources; then construct factories and industrial complexes. These factories will then produce goods for consumption. Research shows that the cultural context of a society defines its consumption. Perhaps this is the reason why consumption patterns of people do not change. Notably, consumption patterns form part of people’s lives hence, to overhaul it, people must be willing to leave their cultural practices including economic disarticulation. For example, when consumption drops, countries experience economic recession coupled with massive unemployment. The paper examines the effect of consumption in Korea from the colonial era to the contemporary era. The economic growth of Korea has a long history due to the shift of regimes. Each regime had its own culture of consumption hence, economic growth. It is imperative to note that consumption leads to economic growth. In Korea, regime shifts divides its economic growth in three phases: Malthusian stagnation period that ended in 1910 when Japan took control of Korea; the colonial era that saw Korea board on its economic growth; and the contemporary period where consumption increased thus raising the living standards of many South Koreans. On the other hand, the contemporary period characterize North Korea with low consumption rates leading to diseases and starvation (Cha, 731-741). Colonial Korea The Chosồn dynasty ruled the colonial Korea between 1392 and 1910. During this period, Koreans trailed on commercialized peasant market, capitalistic in nature, through its imposition of taxes on various consumable products. In addition, the dynasty forced people to enter into labour in order to offer service to the dynasty. Nonetheless, the dawn of the seventeenth century became instrumental in terms of changing the culture of consumption in Korea. The invasion of Korea by armies from Japan and China opened a new era of consumption in Korea by shattering the dominant command system and instead, replaced it with market economy where people produce and sell commodities. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Rice and cotton were the main commodities consumed by Koreans. Therefore, the fallen bureaucracy resorted to taxation of these commodities and as time went by, they started minting copper coins paramount in trade. Ironically, this war led to slavery where the regime forced labour on the citizenry hence, the inception of labour markets (Cha, 748-754). However, it took a long time for markets to integrate fully. For example, there was low consumption of grain commodities in Korea than in China or Japan. As a sign of relieve to agricultural markets, the population in Korea increased fast notwithstanding the war. Unfortunately, this trend in demographics came to a halt due to increased mortality. There came the nineteenth century when capitalism slowly started to usher in Korea. While the rich increased their profits and investments, the poor Koreans shrank in abject poverty forcing then to relocate to northern China. Due to low wages and expanded government deficits, living standards worsened. Nevertheless, slowly by slowly, the trends of capitalism were opening the new gates to homogenization where people all over the world can use the same consumerist goods such as cars, airplanes and technological equipments. Nevertheless, many people do not subscribe to homogenization due to cultural pluralism. The increased population growth meant that consumption would increase. In fact, there was rapid deforestation in Korea as many people destroyed forest reserves to grow crops for sustainability. Consequently, there arose many adverse effects, the intensity of flooding increased tremendously destroying the crops in the farm. The rich peasant farmers continued in their individualism and forfeited any act of repairing damages caused by floods. Instead, they relied on the dynasty government to retrieve the condition. Eventually, capitalism ensued. The rich landed families liaised with local leaders to manage and control resources. Soon, the state became a tool of exploiting the poor while serving the rich. For instance, the provincial administrators took bribes from rich merchants and assigned then land on fertile reservoirs to practice their farming. The poor peasants remained in their unfertile and flood-affected zones reaping low yields. At times, there came periods of drought. Since peasant farmers relied on rice production, the situation disallowed further progress. They therefore had to seek new modalities of producing rice, maybe through irrigation or planting drought resistant rice variety (Ban, 95-118). A sinister scenario occurred in 1894 when provincial administrators imposed taxation to farmers using waterways to irrigate their rice farms. These peasant farmers were the one who constructed these reservoirs and any intention to impose fees on them was likely to meet rebellion. Gradually, there ensued uprising between farmers and provincial administrators. We will write a custom Essay on The Effects of the Global Nature of Consumption specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The uprising grew into a nationwide mutiny forcing the dynasty government to seek military support from China and Japan aimed at quelling the chaos. The rebellion did not end without consequences. Although the combatant troops from China and Japan managed to quell the chaos, the two countries fought on the Korea soil (Sino-Japanese war) aimed at introducing capitalistic policies in this foreign land. Nevertheless, Japan triumphed over China and eventually took control of power in Korea. They culture of consumption in the colonial Korea forced farmers to engage in other farming activities, as the drought could not support their paddy lands. Some people abandoned their farms and instead resorted to handicraft and commerce. The era of proto-industrialization was creping in slowly thus abhorring the colonial culture. As noted earlier, consumption changes only by adopting new culture (Haggard, 857-881). Korea under US and USSR Occupation The increase in the global nature of consumption leads to economic development and capitalism. Japan was now controlling economic affairs of Korea. For instance, in 1876, Japan liberalized trade in Korea. The fight for supremacy over Korea did not stop here. This was happening during the time when USSR dominated many sectors of the world economy. However, the war between Japan and Russia in 1905 saw Japan triumph over Russia and annex Korea. Later on, they established a developmental sate to replace the rapacious bureaucracy of the Choson dynasty. The new developmental state-Meiji- aimed to introduce new measures on consumption aimed at modernizing Korea. The very first thing done by the new regime was to improve infrastructure by constructing railway lines and building roads and highways for easier communication. This improved the delivery of goods into national and international markets thus setting the path for globalization. It is important to note that the development of infrastructure, media and communications lead to globalization. Furthermore, the rapidity of movement of people and goods both nationally and internationally marks a step towards globalization where consumerism is dominant. When everything becomes global, then societies are approaching homogenization, of course through consumption. Nevertheless, some societies fear globalisation due to its influence on economic and cultural life, habitually shored up by political intrigues. For instance, when it comes to globalisation of liberal capitalism and modernisation of culture, debate ensues on its importance and practicability. The involvement of United States and USSR on Korea occupation had everything to do with globalisation. Immediately after the end of the Second World War, two fronts surfaced in the Korea peninsula, one supported by United States and the other by Russia (USSR). At this point, there were two regions in Korea: north and south. The military government of United States took control on southern Korea, while the USSR captured the northern half of Korea. This de-colonisation and political dissection of Korea had serious negative trade impact. For instance, trade ties between Korea and Japan broke up leading to a serious economic downturn. On the other hand, it was not easy for the two regimes to control the chaos on the ground even by economic support. In the southern Korea, the United States military government took over all properties initially possessed by the government of Japan. Not sure if you can write a paper on The Effects of the Global Nature of Consumption by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Two countries had emerged from the colonial Korea: South Korea and North Korea. The USSR favoured communism, while United States supported capitalism. These two ideologies determined the level of success of these two countries. Nevertheless, as witnessed later, South Korea became prosperous leaving North Korea to limp in poverty, diseases and economic depression for a long time (Eckert, 8-32). In 1948, the U.S military government allowed South Korea to establish its own independent regime. This regime went ahead to ensure egalitarianism exists through fair distribution of resources like land. Nevertheless, two years later, war broke out between South Korea and North Korea where over 1.5 million people lost their lives and property worth billions of dollars destroyed and economies humbled to the ground. However, this did not stop South Korean policymakers form seeking other mechanisms to jumpstart the economy. For example, these policy makers resorted to reinstate the culture of consumption by investing in industrial firms. Additionally, the government established financial institutions to buy foreign currencies, and enable investors to borrow money from them at lower interest rates. In order to promote local consumption of goods and services, the government imposed heavy tariffs on imported goods. In a way, this promoted local manufacturing industries and increased the consumption of local goods. However, this Republic never lived to see her polices reach fruition. In particular, one of its policies, import-substitution industrialisation (ISI), caused its downfall. Some entrepreneurs resorted to dubious moneymaking methods like (DUP), which later led to economic stagnation (Haggard, Byung-kook and Chung-In, 850-873). In May 1961, a military coup led by General Park Chung Hee took over from the first Republic, and based its strategy of economic growth on exporting, export promotion (EP). Nevertheless, this regime never derelict the ISI strategy commenced the first government. EP appeared to be more efficient in tackling consumption than ISI as many firms increased their productivity to compete in the expansive global market. Research shows that the consumption rates of Korea increased by 50 percent, resulting to the increase in per capita income. In 1970, there came a fresh test for the second republic regime. The U.S troops had withdrawn form Vietnam following its controversial involvement (Kang, 98-110). South Korea had established itself as a strong government able to protect its citizenry amid threats from the communist regime of North Korea. At this instant, Park Chung decides to reduce the reliance of U.S military to fight the communist government. He instead proposed a policy that would see South Korea produce ammunitions for its protection by resorting to ISI, and build heavy chemical industries (HCI). To support the project, financial banks had to offer money for the construction of these industries. Sadly, economic repression, soaring debts hit the country leading to financial crisis and fall of the regime (Kimura, 69-86). Contemporary Korea The assassination of Park Chung marked the end of the second republic regime, and yet the commencement of the third one that promised trade liberalization in order to spearhead consumption and foster economic growth. Since that period, the economic growth of South Korea has increased rapidly making it one of the developed countries in the world. This is because many South Koreans consume local productive inputs as per their culture. The South Koreans embarked in production of their natural resources into finished commodities thus reducing the dependency ratio. The contemporary South Korea is a prosperous country idealistically as symbolized by its fast economic growth, accumulated human capital and low mortality (Noland, 16-36). On the other hand, the contemporary North Korea characterizes with low consumption rates hence, poor economic growth. This is because after the Korean War, the regime elites resorted to a strategy of forcing the citizenry to save, but never worked out. Furthermore, people who wanted to invest failed to do so as the little money they have would not sustain the desired productivity. Consequently, there is a status quo on consumption. Communism had also dealt a blow to capitalism paramount to homogenization of culture. For instance, its isolation from the international community has made it difficult to acquire the necessary technologies imperative in production. Additionally, this has left out North Korea from participating in international trade and foreign investment. On the other hand, the current North Korea regime had made serious economic errors for example, diverting national resources into despotic and militaristic emancipation, while leaving its citizenry languishing in poverty (Young, 641-680). Following the disintegration of USSR, the contemporary world has become politically unfriendly, where United States controls everything from culture to politics to military. For example, both North and South Koreans now consume the Western movies. The South Koreans can access Hollywood documentaries and in exchange, sell theirs in Western markets. Some brands from South Africa, United States and Europe form part of the Korean consumerist culture. Even as communities identify themselves with consumer cultures (multiculturalism), people ought to understand how capitalism plays a role in shaping cultural and social backgrounds and produce a homogeneous society. In North Korea and South Korea, USSR and Unites States instilled State Capitalism, where resources belonged to the government on behalf of the citizenry. Importantly, people cannot consume products minus producing them. In order to produce goods, people ought to invest capital and then expect profit. However, the misuse of capitalism leads to oppression where few people control the economy of countries. Some dynamics of capitalism appear similar to homogenization in that the power of consumption determines where the rich or poor shop consumer goods. Here, people will find other alternatives of consumer metrics and integrate them into their own life. Nevertheless, people cling to their cultural and religious backgrounds so that they do not become mere consumers homogenized by consumer goods. Thus, geographical rootedness and multiculturalism are the biggest barriers to homogenization (Amaladoss, p.1). Works Cited Amaladoss, Michael. Global homogenization: can local cultures survive? 2010. Web. Ban, Sung. Agricultural Growth in Korea: In Agricultural Growth in Japan, Taiwan, Korea and the Philippines. (2nd ed.). Honolulu: University Press of Hawaii. 1979. Print. Cha, Myung. Imperial Policy or World Price Shocks? Explaining Interwar Korean Consumption Trend. Journal of Economic History 58(3), 1998, 731-754. Eckert, Carter. Offspring of Empire: The Koch’ang Kims and the Colonial Origins of Korean Capitalism, 1876-1945. Seattle: Washington University Press. 1991. Print. Haggard, Stephan, Byung-kook, Kim and Chung-in, Moon. The Transition to Export-led Growth in South Korea: 1954-1966. Journal of Asian Studies, 50(4), 1991, 850-873. Haggard, Stephan. Japanese Colonialism and Korean Development: A Critique. World Development, 25, 1997, 867-881. Kang, Kenneth. Why Did Koreans Save So Little and Why Do They Now Save So Much? International Economic Journal, 8, 1994, 99-111. Kimura, Mitsuhiko. From Fascism to Communism: Continuity and Development of Collectivist Economic Policy in North Korea. Economic History Review, 52 (1), 1999, 69-86. Noland, Marcus. Avoiding the Apocalypse: The Future of the Two Koreas. Washington: Institute for International Economics. 2000. Print. Young, Alwyn. The Tyranny of Numbers: Confronting the Statistical Realities of the East Asian Growth Experience. Quarterly Journal of Economics, 110 (3), 1995, 641-680.

What Are the Impacts of Artificial Intelligence on the Creative Industries?

essay writing help What Are the Impacts of Artificial Intelligence on the Creative Industries?. Is creativity safe? With artificial intelligence ever increasingly sucking up jobs in low skilled industries could artificial intelligence one day take the creative industry too? Will the East or West win the race to a superior AI system that will usher in new era Yuval Noah Harari claimed famously “the idea that humans will always have a unique ability beyond the reach of non-conscious algorithms is just wishful thinking” , we suggest that the capacity for moral and emotional reasoning, for now at least, cannot be replicated even by complex machine learning algorithms. Yet I have no shadow of a doubt this ability is closer than we anticipate. As the world enters what has been called the fourth industrial revolution—an era dominated by technology, digital media, and now increasingly, by machine learning—a new debate is emerging around capacities for creativity. A large questions arrises, are humans the sole sources of creative output? In other words Is Creativity Safe?. With rising rates of automation, large corporations are fraught with ethical dilemmas associated with introducing machine learning to the workforce. Machines can already engage in many of the mundane tasks that were traditionally assigned to manufacturing sectors of society. But as algorithms are further refined and iterated on at making decisions and solving problems, some of the more complex procedures undertaken by professionals are also at risk of being replaced. Creativity is at the heart of when making critical decision during moments of uncertainty. Machines are being programmed to skilfully analyse patterns in their immediate environments and make informed decisions based on predictive analytic models. Machines are also being programmed to generate creative works of music, painting, and literature of which is had been primelarry a human endeavour. There are two types of creativity which are vulnerable to artificial intelligence. The first encompasses the difficult decisions that professionals must make when they encounter uncertainties. To select an appropriate course of action based on given and often, limited —information requires creative thinking and acting. This type of creativity aligns with “Pro-C” creativity – creativity that is deployed within existing domains of knowledge. And the other kind of creativity highly sensitive to disruption is everyday creativity. Everyday creativity, or what is known as “little-c creativity” refers to individual capacities for doing things in novel ways. Creativity of the little-c variety is primelarry the practice that UAL teaches. From Graphics, music, sculpture, animation and photography for example, it is characterising something unique about the human society. Much of this little-c creativity depends on emotional input, affective co-regulation, and human agency. In short, little-c creativity requires complex human consciousness that have not yet been successfully communicated to artificial intelligence systems. Are we finally reaching an age where machines are learning, thinking, and deciding on their own? Or, is creativity merely engineered according to what society currently values? To answer these questions requires at first an under-standing of what creativity is. Professionals use creativity when presented with unique problems that appear in unexpected situations. A surgeon, for example, must at times accommodate new problems during an operation. Deep learning machine programs are now capable of adapting to unexpected situations. The emergence of self-driving cars might be the most timely example. However, unlike human beings, artificial intelligence is programmed to make decisions without conscious restraints. Some even argue that machines are better poised to maximise positive outcomes because they are bound to precise algorithms. TESLA SELF DRIVING WITH ALL COLLECTED INFORMATION ON DISPLAY Moving forward, I present two key definitions that will help contextualise creativity as both a human enterprise and the possibilities of creative artificial intelligence. The first draws on the individualist approach developed during first-wave and second-wave creativity research. As suggested, the individualist approach is concerned with the individuals involved in creative processes. The individualist perspective, therefore, principally focuses on the person as a unit of analysis, and forgoes operationalisation in terms of external social and cultural forces. According to the individualist definition: “creativity is a new mental combination that is expressed in the world” (Sawyer, 2012, p. 7). The individualist approach to creativity holds three main assumptions. First, creativity must be something new, unique, or original. Regular basic mathematical equations, for example are not creative. However, by crafting new combinations of existing equations, or solving problems in a different way to your initial teachings can be creative. Importantly, understanding known data requires application of personal knowledge to uncharted terrortiries. The second, assumption of the individualist approach is that creativity must be externalised. To capture creativity in the wild, ideas and thinking patterns must be expressed externally so that they are made visible to the researcher and to the public at large. Therefore machine learning programs that paint, write, compose music, and play games present opportunities for measuring the creative potentials of artificial intelligence. Some domains of work require more sophisticated forms of pattern recognition, and in turn, creativity, than others. As consumers, we already rely on a wide range of automated programs to help organise our lives and custom tailor everyday experiences. These pro- grams have become so commonplace that we deploy them almost effortlessly. Some are perhaps more obvious than others. For instance, Google Maps updates live traffic routes to get us promptly to our desired destination. Spotify, Apple Music, and YouTube provide song/video recommendations that align with our current tastes. The familiar voices of Apple’s Siri and Amazon’s Alexa are programmed to learn the most common commands and in turn quickly find resources to aid us in planning events and making informed decisions about the future. The list of intelligent programs that we use in our everyday lives goes on and on: Online search engines estimate our preferred search by filling in half- typed words, shopping bots use collected data to guide us towards products they think we might want to purchase, video streaming platforms like Netflix and Amazon Prime suggest entertainment that relate to our previous watches etc. Of all these though social networking platforms like Facebook and Instagram have taken deep root and become the most invasive. A few years ago the large-scale political consulting firm Cambridge Analytica collected the personal data of millions of Facebook users for targeted profiling that tugged at the moral, ethical, and legal sensibilities of millions of people around the globe. In tern this single highly public scandal opened the floodgates on Facebook and the Data practices used by the majority of the world wide web, leading to large court cases and droves of ordinary people leaving the platform and becoming ever more wary of their doing’s online. It’s highly likely that computers and search engines know us more intimately than our family, friends and spouses. Social media algorithms using our data can tap into our inner most thoughts and desires. Online searches of sensitive medical issues, housing markets and stock exchanges provides useable data to technology behemoths that then leverage our queries for targeted add campaigns. But this type of pattern recognition is not creative exactly (Or at least it isn’t what we would call Big-C or little-c creativity) Although the evolution of automated programs has been shown to increase the efficiency and precision of everyday tasks, the more complex forms of pattern recognition associated with creative processes are still quite basic – though rapidly evolving. Importantly, the mundane tasks of automated programs will perhaps one day replace many “higher level” jobs, but do not yet touch the more creative endeavours for which machine learning has huge potential. Machines can already best human players at games like chess and even “learn” to create digital works of art, software available that automatically improves a photograph in an editing suite, or is capable of increasing the quality of music production, or visualising the blueprint of an architectural design. One of the most profound little-c learning algorithms in development is a program called Google Deep Dream. Deep Dream generates paintings “independently” by coding digital images and applying pre-selected parameters to create works of art. The results are an unusual mix of images that resemble nightmarish phycadelic dreamscapes. Deep Dream encodes user-provided digital images and interprets them by using previously stored data in its neural network. GOOGLE DEEP DREAM CREATION – KYLE MCDONALD Even with all these advances, sophisticated machine learning programs that can predict specified outputs and render creative artworks are utterly and completely dependent on input from human minds. For a machine to create a painting, it must first be shown existing images. To recommend an appropriate fashion style, it must first be given options from which to choose. AI is fed information from an existing knowledge base. This sounds rather similar to a Human, by taking on existing information from a collection of knowledge. Yes it is highly similar but it is essential to recognise that human programmers selectively apply this information to the AI. The computer program cannot think for its own, even if it is programmed to deploy randomised outputs from pre-programmed inputs, because the inputs are purposefully selected. In the world of human intelligence, the domain is an open system. We are an evolving organism of cultural values forged collectively by the inhabitants of society throughout our time on this living earth. In contrast, the domain of the machine world is a closed system. The only experiences allowed entry are those that are programmed into it and further, what knowledge it has access too. In short, the artificial domain is created from the limitations of the human mind. Any further iteration is dependent on the inputs of human creators. Yet I would prompt you to consider the mass of information that is Google and consider that if an AI was taught how to navigate this information and interperate it, where would it get too, what would it become. We as humans are rather limited in the amount of knowledge one can hold. A computer is merely limited to its processing power and having a brain which is effectively limitless raises worrying prospect. Conclusion Academics have been exploring human creativity since the middle of the twentieth century, “early” work in artificial intelligence and deep learning is very exciting, yet highly problematic and some cases controversial. It’s very clear there is a growing worry that machine learning programs will disrupt a variety of professions that require high levels of human interactions and cognition. Human creativity is rooted in an array of social, emotional, and cognitive mechanisms.Creativity can be observed as an individual process or nested within broader sociocultural systems. Each situation is a critical, and unique, tied to human beings – artificial intelligence has yet to fully infiltrate this. Technologies that pushed humanity further like the agricultural to the industrial revolutions served the purpose of making life more comfortable. These technologies freed us from physical and cognitive resources that were once tied to us fulfilling basic needs. Our hardwired survival instincts shifted dramatically when we transitioned from nomadic lifestyles to agricultural settlements thousands of years ago—a humans no longer needed to hunt, gather, and storing resources daily simply to survive. When we learned to exploit the local natural resources and create managed crops and livestock, a huge amount of energy was spared. We could now spend more time furthering our emotional, cognitive abilities and use whatever energy left to explore other technologies. Now, in what some are calling the fourth industrial revolution, machine learning programs still serve the intended purpose of making our lives easier. From predictive algorithms that can accurately and efficiently diagnose a variety of diseases, to the more basic task of navigation, music recommendation, and spell checking. AI is designed to reduce our cognitive load by making decisions for us. At the same time, our very human curiosities push the limits of artificial capabilities to provide avenues for designing programs that paint, compose, and play. In this new era where robots learn to perform and outperform certain human tasks, people wonder whether machines can iterate and develop new forms of thought and recognise complex patterns better than we can. With AI though, there is no drive emotionally something that we humans need for generating creative and useful ideas. An intelligent algorithm that accurately perceives, understands, and regulates emotions, to our knowledge, has not been fully developed. “Maybe art doesn’t need to just be for humans, to please our sense of what is beautiful,” Uchida said. “What would A.I. produce if it was making art for itself?” “Ethics of Autonomous Vehicles.” MIT Media Lab. https://www.media.mit.edu/projects/ethics-of-autonomous-vehicles/overview/ ‘If an AI Creates a Work of Art, Who Owns the Rights to It?”Quartz. https://qz.com/1054039/google-deepdream-art-if-an-ai-creates-a-work-of-art-who-owns- the-rights-to-it/ “The Future of Human Work is Imagination, Creativity, and Strategy.” Harvard Business Review. https://hbr.org/2018/01/the-future-of-human-work-is-imagination-creativity-and-strategy “More Efficient Machine Learning Could Upend AI Paradigm.” MIT Technology Review. https://www.technologyreview.com/s/610095/more-efficient-machine-learning-could-upend- the-ai-paradigm/ “How Google is Making Music with Artificial Intelligence.” Science Magazine. https://www.sciencemag.org/news/2017/08/how-google-making-music-artificial-intelligence “FUTURE OF WORK: HOW AI MAY IMPACT THE CREATIVE INDUSTRIES” Creative Review https://www.creativereview.co.uk/will-artificial-intelligence-take-over-advertising-design/? cmpid=crnews_7874851What Are the Impacts of Artificial Intelligence on the Creative Industries?

complete a doc/700 revision template

complete a doc/700 revision template.

In the first column copy and paste the feedback I gave you. For example, if I commented: 2004 is in the past so you have to cite in past tense, in the first column copy/paste my feedback: 2004 is in the past so you have to cite in past tense. In the second column put my feedback in your own words: Cite articles published in the past using past tense. In the third column tell me specifically what you will do in your final paper to implement my feedback and correct the error. For example: I will cite all articles in past tense since authors wrote and published these articles in the past. Instead of writing Jones (2007) states I will write Jones (2007) stated. APA 6th ed. Manual page 78 indicates to cite articles using past tense. Your grade on this template will be based on how accurately you list and paraphrase my feedback and how clearly and specifically you indicate your strategy for implementing my feedback in your final paper.
complete a doc/700 revision template

Purchase College Screenplay With Voice Over Paper

Purchase College Screenplay With Voice Over Paper.

Write a screenplay that relies more on voice over than on sync dialogue, 7 to 10 pages, proper screenplay formatting. (Use Celtx.com when writing the screenplay it formats the screenplay for you !) Watch these clips on YouTube to help you write your screenplay:Beaufort Ball/New York Society – The Age of Innocence (4:30) Veronique Laurent Wings of Desire (1987) Scene (2:09) Golnaz Jamsheed
2 or 3 Things I Know about Her_Clip2 (3:37) e8rul4The Thin Red Line – This Great Evil Scene (1:55) R0yZhFtw_the screenplay can be about anything. Make it interesting and exciting PROPER SCREENPLAY FORMAT (It should always be present tense) Screenplay are not written like a book/novel. I attached screenplay formats to help you . please use http://celtx.com it formats the screenplay for you. —–> I also attached a screenplay that can be use as a guide Please look over it it should give you an idea about screenplay writing ——>ALSO PLEASE LOOK OVER BOTH SCREENPLAY FORMAT GUIDES ATTACHED BELOW
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