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The University of Memphis Paula Plaintiff’s Really Bad Week Case Study

The University of Memphis Paula Plaintiff’s Really Bad Week Case Study.

Paula Plaintiff’s Really Bad Week, Part 1IntroductionIn this assignment, you’ll need to decide whether Paula Plaintiff has any legal claims arising from a series of unfortunate events. After reading the scenario, answer the questions that follow, making sure to fully explain the basis of your decision.Paula Plaintiff is shopping at her favorite store, Cash Mart. She is looking for a new laptop, but she can’t find one she likes. Then, realizing that she is going to be late for an appointment, she attempts to leave the store, walking very fast. However, before she can leave, she is stopped by a security guard who accuses her of shoplifting. Paula, who has taken nothing, denies any wrong doing. The officer insists and takes Paula to a small room in the back of the store. The guard tells Paula that if she attempts to leave the room she will be arrested and sent to jail. At this point, the guard leaves the room. Paula is scared and waits in the room for over an hour until the manager comes in and apologizes and tells Paula that she is free to go.About this same time, Geoffrey Golfer is hitting golf balls in his backyard. Geoffrey decides to break out his new driver and hits a golf ball out of his backyard into the Cash Mart parking lot. The golf ball hits Paula Plaintiff on the head and knocks her unconscious just as she is leaving the store.InstructionsIn a 6–10 paragraph paper, answer the following questions:What types of legal claims could Paula make against Cash Mart and Geoffrey? Consider the following:What are the possible tort claims that Paula can make against Cash Mart? Discuss the elements of the claim and how those elements relate to the facts in the scenario.Was Geoffrey negligent when he hit the golf ball that injured Paula? Discuss the elements of negligence and use facts from the scenario to support your decision.If Paula files a negligence claim against Geoffrey will she file in civil court or criminal court? Explain the difference between civil court and criminal court.You will create and submit your assignment by using the ecree link. Just click on the link and start writing. Your work will be saved automatically. You’ll see some feedback on the right-hand side of the screen, including text and videos to help guide you in the writing process. When you’re ready, you can turn in your assignment by clicking Submit at the bottom of the page
The University of Memphis Paula Plaintiff’s Really Bad Week Case Study

Political Science homework help. MT302-6: Analyze organizational structure and culture in an organization. Ultimately, having the ability to understand and contribute to a positive organizational culture is key in today’s workforce. Those who can add value in this area will be able to grow, develop, and lead in their organization.,Analyze organizational structure and culture in an organization,Ultimately, having the ability to understand and contribute to a positive organizational culture is key in today’s workforce. Those who can add value in this area will be able to grow, develop, and lead in their organization.,MT302-6: Analyze organizational structure and culture in an organization.,You previewed this Assignment in Unit 9,Scenario (fictional):,ROBoInc. is a robotics software company with 100 employees located in South Bend, Indiana, in the United States. Until recently, the corporate culture had been established as a rigid culture that excluded families from company celebrations and in which everyone had an explicit job description. The company hires mostly locals, and only directors make any important decisions. The company has had a formal code of ethics but it has not been enforced. As a result, there have been increasing incidents of personnel doing consulting work for other companies outside of work hours. The CEO is concerned that their robotics software could be compromised.,Lately, as the company’s software has been increasingly sought out by robot-producing companies around the globe, the CEO realizes it is time to reimagine a more diverse, inclusive, and global type company, while adhering to an ethical code of conduct with uniform responses to infringement.,The CEO knows they will soon need to hire at least another 20 sales staff and additional software developers to address this increasing global demand. The CEO wants to restructure the company while keeping company costs down as much as possible.,Further, Help ROBoInc. address the problems by completing the checklist items.,Lastly, View the company’s current organizational structure.,Address the following items in your Assessment submission:,Checklist: Based on the Readings and Learning Activities address the following:, (1) Identify the characteristics needed to implement a shared, ethical culture, and explain how this will help the organization.,(2) Explain how the ethical culture will be affected by the global context. Also, Describe some of the global implications. Additionally, Use the Competing Values Framework in assessing the situation.,(3) Analyze the current organizational structure and identify the key questions the executives need to answer in order to create the most effective and suitable organizational structure and culture., (4) Explain the importance of ethical leadership involved in implementing a new organization structure and suggest a possible new structure based on the Learning Activity., Reference, Robbins, S. P. & Judge, T. A. (2019). Organizational behavior (18th ed.). New York, NY: Pearson.,Attachments,Click Here To Download,Political Science homework help
University of Arlington Weight Management Program Exam Answers.

I’m working on a nutrition test / quiz prep and need guidance to help me learn.

Hello! Need help and would like for you to help me. This assignment must be complete by May 4. I need you to be online on this date please. If this assignment is like the other assignment that you helped me out with on this class then we can pick any time to complete it. This assignment will cover the four pdf that I uploaded. You won’t need any reference material. My professor said at the beginning of the semester that we won’t need a book for this class. This four pdf will help you study for the assignmrnt.
University of Arlington Weight Management Program Exam Answers

Quality management is a realm where decisions should be made based on facts. Modeling of production and management processes in the company becomes possible thanks to a broad range of statistical tools. However, modern statistical tools are rather complicated, and not all participants of the quality management process may understand them. That is why the quality professionals developed a set of seven simple and easily perceivable visual methods of analysis of the processes. Being statistical in their essence and not requiring any special training, those common tools become essential for everyone who deals with quality issues and aims to improve the company’s overall performance. The set of common quality tools was established by one of the Japanese quality gurus of the new wave, Kaoru Ishikawa, the author of the famous concept of “quality circles”. In 1982, he combined together the existing methods and created his own; those tools were Pareto diagram, cause-and-effect diagram, check sheet, flow chart, run chart, scatter diagram and control chart (Coleman 22). They can be used both to plan and control quality (Hoyle 698). Let us consider each of the tools and find out how they can be used to eliminate defects and streamline the quality management process of the given ice-cream company. Pareto diagram is based on the analysis of the defects’ frequency. The errors causing defects are then ranked and put in a descending order. It is a very important tool, as the organization’s resources are limited and it is crucial for process owners and stakeholders to understand the root causes of errors (Buser, Massis, and Pollack 67). The diagram is also known as the principle of 80:20, meaning that 80% of all problems is caused by 20% of issues. Pareto diagram contains columns, which represent individual values in descending order, and a line graph, which stands for a cumulative line (Berger 286). In the given case, Pareto chart can be used to graphically show the rejects that contribute the most to the bad quality of ice cream. From the reject log, we can find out that the defects “soupy” and “ice crystals” are the most frequent and, thus, cause 80% of quality issues. As it is said, that “soupy” refers to the consistency level reached on the fourth step of the process (“Run freeze machine until the consistency is correct”), the company should pay the greatest attention to people and equipment involved at this stage. Number of defects. Cause-and-effect diagram or Ishikawa diagram helps to visualize the underlying causes of a specific problem. To build this diagram, one needs to define the key elements that influence the quality: Manpower (the personnel involved in the process, stakeholders), Methods (policies, procedures, rules, regulations for the process), Machines (tools and equipment required to perform the work), Materials (raw materials used for the production of the final product), Measurements (data from the process used to evaluate its quality), and Environment (conditions in which the process is carried out) (Dahlgaard, Khanji, and Kristensen 82-84). In the given case study, we can define people (production operators), machines (mixer and freezer), materials (ingredients from the warehouse), and measurements (viscosity data); methods and environment should be clarified to build a complete diagram. Check sheets can be used both for the control of qualitative and quantitative indicators. This monitoring tool gives a clear picture of defects during the given period (Sanghera 225). The Company’s defect log seems to be very similar to check chart, but it should be modified for a better visual perception of the data. Defect types should be placed in the left vertical column and dates should be placed in the upper row. Total amounts of defects by type and defects by date should be placed in the right vertical column and bottom row respectively. Total amounts of defects by type. The flow chart helps to visualize the production process. It uses different types of boxes connected by arrows to show the inputs, actions and outputs of the specific process (Sanghera 224). In the given case, the flow chart will include the steps: pull ingredients from the warehouse, blend ingredients in the mixer, pump mixture to freeze machine, run freeze machine, extrude ice cream into the package, inspect and test ice cream, transfer packages to Finished Good storage. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The run chart shows the dynamics of change of variables in a given period. Based on the given data trends of future process development are built. The number of defects can be predicted (Berger 296). For the ice-cream company we can use the total amount of defects during 10-days period and build a trend line. Scatter diagrams are commonly used to depict the relationship between two given pieces of data (Berger 292). Scatter diagram can visually show us the dependence of viscosity on the freezing machine run time. Dependence of viscosity on the freezing machine run time. Control card is a chart that depicts the change of variable in terms of limiting quality values (Sanghera 223). Again, the data about the dependence of ice-cream consistency and time in the freezing machine may be used. The limits of quality will be viscosity indicators of 5000 cps and 6000 cps. Change of variable in terms of limiting quality values. Overall, it can be seen that the ice cream company should pay more attention to a selection of the raw materials, mixture and freezing process, which is the most crucial. All the employees of the company must know the quality standards and be responsible for their part of the quality assurance process. Works Cited Berger, Roger. The Certified Quality Engineer Handbook. Milwaukee, WI: ASQ Quality Press, 2007. Print. Buser, Robin, Bruce Massis, and Miriam Pollack. Project Management for Libraries: A Practical Approach. Jefferson, NC: McFarland, 2014. Print. Coleman, Shirley. Statistical Practice in Business and Industry. Chichester, England: John Wiley

Dubai National School Heart Disease Is a Significant Problem In the US Essay

Dubai National School Heart Disease Is a Significant Problem In the US Essay.

I’m working on a writing report and need support to help me learn.

Read the passage then answer the question by writing an 200 word essay divided into parts which is introduction, one body only, conclusion. plagiarism are not acceptedInclude in Your AnswerIntroduce the topic. Group related information together.Make points with facts, definitions, and details.Use linking words and phrases (e.g., also, another, and, more, but) to connect ideas.Use words and vocabulary from the lesson.Include an ending statement or section.The passage:- Building a New HeartWASHINGTON, D.C.. Heart disease is a serious problem. About five million people in the United States suffer from the disease. Many people with heart disease need new hearts. They have to wait until doctors have hearts to give them. Some people die waiting. Now, there has been an exciting new heart experiment. Scientists hope this experiment will help them to save thousands of lives.Dr. Doris Taylor manages a heart center. She led the team of scientists that succeeded in building a rat heart in a laboratory.The scientists began by removing the hearts of several rats. They then removed the hearts’ cells. This left only the frames of the hearts. These heart frames were hooked up to machines in a laboratory.Scientists created a mixture of living heart cells from very young rats. The scientists then pumped this mixture into the heart frames. Next, they ran a special liquid through the parts of the frame that lined the heart’s blood vessels. The liquid’s job was to imitate blood flow. Finally, scientists jump-started the hearts with electricity.After a few days, the hearts began to beat on their own. Taylor said that the team could see the tiny heartbeats using a microscope. The heartbeats grew stronger. By seven or eight days, the heartbeats could be seen without a microscope.Now, scientists want to see if the experiment will work on a larger animal. They plan to soon try the experiment on a pig.”We have a long way to go,” Dr. Taylor said. But she hopes to someday build a working heart for humans.The idea of building new human hearts from the heart cells of animals is exciting. It could be helpful for people who are ill. Experiments with cells have led to many new discoveries.The cell is the smallest unit of a living thing. Some organisms are made of just one cell. These organisms are unicellular. They are usually too small for you to see. Other organisms are made up of many cells. Most of the organisms you can see are like this. Take frogs and water lilies, for example. These organisms are made up of many cells. Organisms made up of many cells are called multicellular organisms.Frogs and water lilies are both examples of multicellular organisms. Their bodies are more complex than unicellular organisms. They have many cells. These cells work together. They carry out the basic activities of life. Different parts perform different functions. A frog moves with its arms and legs. The animal eats with its mouth. Think about a water lily. Its roots hold it in the soil. The plant’s leaves take in energy from the Sun. Tiny unicellular organisms also live in the pond water. They too, perform all the activities that characterize life.Most cells are microscopic. They are too small to see without a microscope. Using a microscope, scientists have studied cells and gathered facts. Three ideas about cells became so important that they were grouped together. This group of ideas came to be called the cell theory. Scientists summarize these three main concepts. Read each one. Then, see how it relates to a polar bear.Every living thing is made up of one or more cells. (A polar bear is a multicellular organism.)Cells carry out the functions needed to support life. (Polar bears have fat cells. Fat cells give the bear energy. They also help keep the bear from getting cold.)Cells come only from other living cells. (Each polar bear began as just one cell.)The question:-You read about an investigation. Researchers want to make new hearts from the cells of rat hearts. Tell about the investigation. Researchers think the data could be helpful to human health.Explain why they think this. Give facts from the readings in your answer.
Dubai National School Heart Disease Is a Significant Problem In the US Essay

MGT 300 Ashford University Week 3 Autoregressive Mediation Models Paper

help me with my homework MGT 300 Ashford University Week 3 Autoregressive Mediation Models Paper.

Your manager has decided to reduce the number of suppliers for a critical subassembly from three to two. She has asked you to review the three current suppliers (A, B, and C) and to recommend which one to eliminate from the approved suppliers list. You confer on the ground rules and agree that a multiplier of three will be assigned for best performance in a category, two for second place, and one for last place.You have been provided the following data:Quality is the leading attribute to be considered and has been assigned a 45% weighting. The best record for quality has been achieved by Supplier C, followed by Supplier A, and Supplier B in last place.Warranty length is the second most important attribute with a 30% weight. Warranties are three years for Supplier A, five years for Supplier B, and two years for Supplier C.Cost is the last consideration with a relative weight of 25%. Subassemblies from Suppliers A and C each cost $7500 while those from Supplier B cost $6500. All values include shipping and delivery charges.Create a simple MS Excel spreadsheet to enter the relevant data and to calculate the composite score for each of the three suppliers. Post your spreadsheet for the class and state your recommendation for which supplier to drop from the list.
MGT 300 Ashford University Week 3 Autoregressive Mediation Models Paper

St. Gregory the Great Catholic School’s Strategy Plan Research Paper

Table of Contents Background of St. Gregory the Great Catholic School The Strategy Financial Impact of the Strategy Comparative Analysis SWOT Analysis Works Cited Background of St. Gregory the Great Catholic School St. Gregory the Great Catholic School was founded in 1955 as a Catholic mission school to serve the locals. The institution is wholly owned and managed by Sisters of Presentation of the Blessed Virgin Mary Congregation. It handles students from Pre-K3 to 8th grade (Bauch 44). The institution also tries to take care of the spiritual needs of its students and the local community. Since its foundation, the institution has been relying on the donations from the well-wishers to supplement the little income it gets from the school fees (Graca and O’Keefe). The institution has a number of students who are under full scholarship because of their needy backgrounds. As such, it forces the institution to look for alternative sources of income to support its activities (Gregory 38). This may be brought to an end if alternative sources of funds can be found. The management will need a strategy that can help it get additional income from its current activities other than having to rely on donations (Murphy 65). As a consultant to this institution, the researcher has come up with a possible way of addressing this problem by allowing the current students a discount of 10% on their school fees if they bring new students to the school. The Strategy The new strategy is primarily based on the concept of economies of scale. Under this strategy, the current students will be encouraged to influence their friends to come and be part of the student body at this institution. The strategy is expected to make the institution have more students and in the process have more income. Currently, the number of students is not as many as would be expected. Some classes have as few as only ten students. According to Rodger (67), a standard classroom should have between 20-25 students. However, there can be a compromise of 26-30 students as long as student-to-teacher ratio is not affected (Hüllermeier 53). It means that these classes with 10 students can still accommodate as much as two times their current population without compromising the quality of education offered (Shulcloper 36). It simply means that the institution’s income could be increased almost three times without the need to increase the number of teachers. The discount offered to the students will not affect the overall financial benefit that the institution will get. Financial Impact of the Strategy It will be important to have actual data that will help in determining how much money this strategy will bring to the institution if it is implemented in an appropriate manner. For the year 2016/2017, the annual tuition fee at St. Gregory the Great Catholic School is $ 6,390 for a parent with one child at the institution. It will be necessary to determine the financial benefit that this firm will get by employing this new strategy. Discount 10% Metrics Total revenue {$} No extra student 0 6390 0 6,390 1 extra student 10% 6390 (6390×0.9) = 6390 5751 12,141 2 extra students 10% 10% 6390 6390 (6390×0.9) – (6390×0.1) = 6390 6390 5751 – 639 17,892 3 extra students 10% 10% 10% 6390 6390 6390 (6390×0.9) – (6390×0.1) – (6390×0.1) 6390 6390 6390 5751 – 639 – 639 23643 4 extra students 6390 6390 6390 6390 (6390×0.9) – (6390×0.1) – (6390×0.1) – (6390×0.1) 6390 6390 6390 6390 5751 – 639 – 639 – 639 29394 Based on the above data, it means that even though this firm will be losing 10% for every referral made by their current students, the overall effect will be a consistent increase in its revenues. The data can be presented graphically as shown below. Graph 1: Revenues from tuition fee It is clear from the above calculations that the strategy employed by the firm will make a financial difference at St. Gregory the Great Catholic School. From a single student, it will earn $ 6390 per year. However, the new strategy can create a big change in the firm’s income. However, this changes the moment a single additional student is recruited with the help of the existing students. The effect of the discount will not hurt the revenues of the firm. The overall impact will be an increase in income for the firm (Pride, Hughes, and Kapoor 78). The other students will continue paying school fees but less than 10%. The strategy can work up to a given level where economies of scale no longer give the benefit desired (Poulfelt and Andersen 112). The management can have a target beyond which the strategy may be stopped. This is necessary to ensure that the quality of education at this institution is not compromised for the sake of earning more income. Issues to do with institutional capacity will have to be taken into serious consideration for that matter. Comparative Analysis The discounting strategy is an approach that has been tried and tested at different institutions around the world. According to a report by Rajagopal (74), the discounting strategy is currently used by a number of institutions. St. Mary Catholic School in Stayton and Regis High School are the perfect examples of institutions that are currently using this strategy. Other institutions have tried the approach and it was confirmed that it works (Ferrell and Hartline 77). This institution only needs to find effective implementation strategy. SWOT Analysis It will be necessary to conduct a brief SWOT analysis to help understand some of the internal and external forces that may make this strategy work for this institution (Ackerman 29). The main strength for this institution is a good name it has earned as a Christian institution that highly values moral and spiritual development of its students. However, its major weakness is the fact that it heavily relies on donation to support some of its important activities. The market presents numerous opportunities worth taking advantage of as it tries to increase its revenue. The community within which this institution is located is dominated by Christians (Benyoucef, Hennet, and Tiwari 121). Given that it positions itself as a Christian institution that values moral teaching in the bible, it is likely to get more clients. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More According to Pride (90), most American parents prefer learning institutions that can help them shape the habit of their children. This is what St. Gregory the Great Catholic School offers. The management should consider taking advantage of this market need. Some of the current students are struggling to pay school fees. If offered opportunity to benefit from discount, they will do everything within their powers to influence their friends to join the school. This offers the institution an opportunity to expand its student population. The good neighborhood within which this school is located is also offers it an advantage in terms of comparative attractiveness. Stiff competition in the market is a threat that the management of this institution will need to find a way of dealing with as it employs the new strategy (Tang, Huynh, and Lawry 48). It will also need to deal with the increasing need to improve on quality of education offered. Works Cited Ackerman, Lowell. Blackwell’s Five-Minute Veterinary Practice Management Consult. Ames: John Wiley

Democratic Leadership Or Participative Leadership Business Essay

Open system in Organisation: An open system means open to environment. Organisation exists and utilities in environment. Environment makes the organization to obtain right type of people, technology and structure so that the goals to serve the environment can be managed. The organisation is thus critically effect the environment. Mostly the demands or wants of the people defines the strategies and goals of an organization. What are the needs in the market and how an organization can carry new and needy products to the market create a contact between the organization and the environment. Without communication, organization cannot satisfy required products or services to the users groups. This way, an organization is an open system, without which it cannot survive. Organisation is goal oriented: Without goal or set of goals, organisation is unusable. There is nothing for the organization to do. Therefore, the main characteristic of any organization is its goal.The goal gives line of action; acquire required type of people and uses type of technology so that the goal is achieved in an expected time point. Without goal, organization cannot be designed. Collection of people in organisation: People are the main performers in any organisation. In other world, all the features of any organisation are the same except the people. Even with the same age, qualification, skills and services, the output of the people may differ, simply because the needs and wants of all people are not the same. What makes them work by heart and head is the one that differentiate organisations from one to others. Organisation consists of technology: Technology is the means of doing works. There are various types of doing works. An organisation contains of more people, its performance technique should be of a fixed type so that each individual in the organisation can exercise them well. This is how technology pledges. Technology comforts the work and reduces the time. Technology creates a certain policy necessary to keep organizational beliefs in doings of the various people at different structural level. This saves the integrity of the people in succeed goals. Organisation has continuity: As the organization includes people, and the people produce different needs, they can leave the organization or some may die too. This does not affect the organization to stop or decrease in size. Hence, it is said that every organisation has its own continuity. A good manager can leave but other better man can take over the trust of the organisation. AC 1.2 I have chosen KFC fast food restaurant. Its mission statement is given below. “KFC Kentucky fried chicken. Brand mission is to be our customers’ favorite place and way to eat.” That broad and common mission statement is more clearly defined by the Kfc Values, which reflects the experience that customers can expect when walking into a Kfc fast food restaurant no matter where it is located… · We place the customer experience at the core of all we do. · We are committed to our people. · We believe in the kfc System. · We operate our business decently. · We give back to our communities. · We grow our business profitably. · We struggle continually to improve. As KFC mission statement states, they value their customers and want to be the best place for them to eat. KFC offer a wide range of fast foods like Chicken burgers, fries, drinks etc with affordable prices. Their quality of food is so good that one thinks to go to their restaurants again and again. They offer deals including different items on the cheapest prices. From their mission statement, we can note that their goals are to achieve market share by becoming people’s favourite. By visiting them, one can say that they have almost achieved their goals because every time a great rush of people always seen there. When someone goes to the restaurant, he/she feels like he belongs to that place. Staff performance to the people in a very good manner. Restaurants are kept very neat. Their quality of food is of such a standard that customers get the value for their money. AC1.3 There are many different features that affect the individual behaviour at work but there are some general factors. These general features are, Ability and Skills Personality Perception Attitudes Ability and Skills: Ability is a person talent to perform mentel Ara physical task Skill is a learned talent that a person has acquired to perform a task. Personality: Personality can be defined as the study of the characteristics and traits of an individual, the inter-relations between them and the way in which a person responds and adjusts to other people and situations. Different factors that affect the personality of an individual are heredity, family, society, culture and situation. Personality can be regarded as the most complex aspect of humans that influences their behaviour in a big way. It can be concluded that the study of personality traits offers an opportunity to understand the individuals. It helps them properly in directing their effort and motivating them for the achievement of the organisational goal. Perception: The cognitive process meant for interpreting the environmental stimuli in a meaningful way is referred to as perception. Every individual on the basis of his/he reference can organize and interpret environmental stimuli. There are many factors that influence the perception of an individual. The study of perception plays important role for the managers. It is important for mangers to create the favorable work environment so that employees perceive them in most favorable way. The employees are likely to perform better if they are going to perceive it in a positive way. Attitude: are determines of behaviour because they are linked with Perception, Personality, feeling and motivation. Attitude: A mentel state of readiness Learned and organized through experience Exerting a specific response to people objects and situation which it is related. Task 2 AC 2.1 Management: Management is the act of getting people together to achieve chosen goals. Management Functions: The first person who said about the management functions was French named Henri Fayol 1916 book Administration Industrially et Generali. He identified five functions of management, .Planning .Organising .Commanding .Controlling .Co-ordinating Planning The first step is planning this step involves mapping out exactly how to achieve the goal for an organisation and how to improve the company scale The manager first step needs to decide step are necessary to accomplish that goal, these may be improve organisation growth, inventory and sales staff. The manager step to plane, than the plane is place. Organising: As the name suggests organising relates to assigning the tasks and roles to the employees. Managers must assign the tasks to the employees in such a way that they get clear understanding of what to do and also ensure that the tasks are assigned to employees according to their skills. Commanding: This function concerns how managers direct employees. Fayol addressed such activities as effective communications, managerial behaviors, and the uses of rewards and punishment in discussing how a manager should command employees. Co-ordinating: Co-ordinating means helping. So, managers must help their sub ordinates whenever they feel in trouble. They must try to create a friendly environment so that employees could easily share the problems they are facing while working towards the achievement of organisational objectives and goals. Controlling After the other elements are in place, a manager job is not finished, he needs to check result against the goal and take any corrective action necessary to make that this area plane is on track. Managerial Roles A role is a planned set of behaviours. Henry Mintzberg (1973) has defines ten Sub roles common to the work of all managers. The ten roles are divided into three groups: interpersonal, informational, and decisional. as stated by Mintzberg (1973), managerial roles are as follows: 1. Informational roles 2. Decisional roles 3. Interpersonal roles 1. Informational roles: This involves the role of adjusting and disadjusting information as and when required. 2. Decisional roles: It involves make good decision for orgnisation. 3. Interpersonal roles: This role involves personal things with people working in the organization. A.c 2.2 Management Styles: Management styles are the characteristics of management about making decisions, their manners and behaviours with the people inside and outside the organisation. There are four different management styles. ·€ Autocratic ·€ Democratic ·€ Consultative ·€ Laissez-Faire Autocratic: An autocratic management style is that where manager makes decisions on his/her own without asking their subordinates about their opinions. Manager of this style can be a confident person but he loses the trust by the subordinates. They may feel limited freedom of opinion. So, this can sometimes results to lack of employees, lack of trust and a potential lack of profitability. Democratic: A democratic management style is that where manager allows his/her sub-ordinates to take part in the decision making. This creates a sense of trust and satisfaction between managers and subordinates. Communication becomes easy between managers and subordinates. Complex decisions can be taken by using the specialist skills of the employees. Consultative: As the name suggests, consultative management style refers to consultation. Manager asks his/her sub-ordinates for their opinions but it is the manager who takes the final decision. Overall decision is taken in the best interest of employees as well as the company. In this style there is a sense of freedom but it is limited to some extent. Employees feel satisfied as they are involved in making decision. Laissez-Faire: Laissez-faire management style refers to the complete freedom given to employees by their managers. It is the style in which manager delegates the responsibility to the employees to make decisions. Manager directs the sub-ordinates towards the target and asks them to achieve the target using their own ways and ideas. There comes a sense of complete freedom, sense and satisfaction as employees are now free to complete the tasks using their own perception. It can bring the creativity and innovation to the work. It can also increase the profitability of the organisation. By looking at all the management styles I would recommend the Consultative management style because, I think, a little gap between the management and the employees is must. In this style though decision is taken by the manager him/herself but he /she still asks his/her sub-ordinates about their opinions. So, he takes into account what majority needs and what will go in the favour of employees and company as well and takes the best decision. So, management is involved in decision making but up to a limit. So, according to me, consultative style is best to follow as a management style. A.C 2.3 Leadership A leadership is the art of motivating a people or a group act towards to achieving a combine or common goal is called leadership. Leader ship is a force who incurring the people to achieving a common goal. Leadership styles Leadership have many styles Coaching This one on one style focuses on developing individual showing them how to improve their performance, and the big thing is helping to contact their goals for the organisation, if the coaching is well people and employee learn more. Afflictive This style emphasizes the importance of team work ,and create harmony in group by connecting with each other .MR.Goleman argues this approach is very important “when trying to heighten team harmony, increase moral, improve ,communication or repair broken trust in an organisation “but he warns against when you using it alone. Democratic This style is draw on peoples knowledge and skill and create a group to a resulting goals ,this style of leadership is best work when the direction the organisation unclear its very helpful and the leader needs to top of collective wisdom of the group. Commanding This style of leadership the classic model of military, it is most often when the last condition, because it rarely involves praise and frequently employs criticism, even the modern military has come to recognize its usefulness. Leadership Advantages

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