Assignment 1.2: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay – Part II Synthesizing and Writing
When looking for information about a particular issue, how often do
you try to resist biases toward your own point of view? This assignment
asks you to engage in this aspect of critical thinking. The assignment is divided into two (2) parts.
For Part I of the assignment (due Week 2), you read a book excerpt
about critical thinking processes, reviewed the Procon.org Website in
order to gather information, and engaged in prewriting to examine your
thoughts. * Remember that in the Week 2 Discussion, you examined the biases discussed in Chapter 2 of the webtext. In Part II of the assignment (due Week 4), you will write a paper to synthesize your ideas. Part II – Writing Write at three to four (3-4) page paper in which you: 1. State your position on the topic you selected for Assignment 1.1.
2. Identify (3) three premises (reasons) from the Procon.org website
that support your position and explain why you selected these
specific reasons. 3. Explain your answers to the “believing”
questions about the three (3) premises opposing your position from the
Procon.org website. 4. Examine at least two (2) types of biases
that you likely experienced as you evaluated the premises for and
against your position. 5. Discuss the effects of your own enculturation or group identification that may have influenced your biases.
6. Discuss whether or not your thinking about the topic has changed
after playing the “Believing Game,” even if your position on the issue
has stayed the same. The paper should follow guidelines for clear and organized writing: Include an introductory paragraph and concluding paragraph.Address main ideas in body paragraphs with a topic sentence and supporting sentences.Adhere to standard rules of English grammar, punctuation, mechanics, and spelling. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: Be
typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with
one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA
Style format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.Include
a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s
name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover
page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment
page length. You must follow these submission guidelines: Submit the essay to Turnitin.com and then submit the originality report and final essay with any needed revisions to Blackboard. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: Identify the informal fallacies, assumptions, and biases involved in manipulative appeals and abuses of language.Create written work utilizing the concepts of critical thinking.Use technology and information resources to research issues in critical thinking skills and informal logic.
Assignment 1.2: Conflicting Viewpoints Essay – Part II
Week 5 CCjs JM
Week 5 CCjs JM. Paper details Please give a response to my classmates discussion post. Write as if you are writing directly to him/her The City of Chesapeake, Virginia Police Department training standards are dictated by the Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services. Standards for training new Police Recruits involve the following: Professionalism, Legal Issues, Communication, Patrol, Investigations, Defensive Tactics/Use of Force, Driver Training, Physical Training and Weapons Training (DCJS 2021). One of the areas of training that are most valuable with the training of Police is Use of Force. The Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act of 1994 ensures that Officers are held accountable for excessive use of force (DOJ 1998). Police must be trained to use restraint when using force. Knowing how and when to use force and when to ‘turn it on’ and ‘turn it off’ is lacking in today’s Law Enforcement ranks. It must be acknowledged that Police are dealing with the most violent society they have ever faced, so naturally, incidents will become more violent and volatile. This presents a very difficult challenge to Law Enforcement. Another valuable area of training for Law Enforcement is Communication and Community Policing. Learning how to gain public trust by partnering with the community and using those lines of communication to solve community problems is key for long-term success (DocMckee 2021). Two areas of Police training that are lacking are Crisis Intervention/Communications and Use of Force. Many people today that find themselves involved with the Police are people that are in mental or emotional crisis. Officers show up to a scene and at times are not prepared to deal with the incident. Being exposed to more mental/emotional health training will help Officers deal with these highly explosive incidents. This goes hand in hand with communication skills. So many Use of Force incidents could have been de-escalated by simply communicating with the subject. In the past, Police have been quick to jump to force instead of controlling their emotions and communicating with a subject. Use of Force and knowing how to properly use it has been a glaring issue for Law Enforcement. There needs to be required defensive tactics training to show Officers how to subdue a subject without using ‘street fighting’ techniques that put subjects in unreasonable harm. This training cannot be limited to the Academy. It must be a continual training requirement for Police for the total length of their careers. I believe training is lacking due to political nonsense in local, state and federal government. Instead of sending Police to jail one-by-one and defunding agencies, train them better and provide more money and requirements for training. Training is also lacking because there is an attitude or willful ignorance in law enforcement ranks that will not acknowledge the elephant in the room and deal with the glaring issues. If Law Enforcement wants to survive and be a part of this society, it must adapt and step up to the insanity of our world. https://www.dcjs.virginia.gov/law-enforcement/manual/standards-performance-outcomes/law-enforcement-officers https://www.docmckee.com/WP/cj/criminal-justice-an-overview-of-the-system/criminal-justice-section-4-3-police-methods/ DOJ. (March 2, 1998). Justice Department Consent Decree Pushes Police to Overhaul Operations, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, C-1Week 5 CCjs JM
week 3 – -internal Environment Analysis
professional essay writers week 3 – -internal Environment Analysis. I’m stuck on a Management question and need an explanation.
Strategic Plan Part 2: Internal Environmental Analysis Grading Guide
Write a 1,050-word minimum internal environmental analysis in which you include the following:
Assess the organization’s internal environment.
Identify the most important strengths and weaknesses of your organization including an assessment of the organization’s resources.
Identify important internal environmental factors found in your analysis of the general, industry, and external environments.
Perform a competitor analysis.
Assess the structure of the organization and the influence this has on its performance.
Determine the organization’s competitive position and the possibilities this provides.
Format your paper according to APA guidelines.
Submit your assignment.
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week 3 – -internal Environment Analysis
ASU Ethnic Studies the Myth of The Ring the Republic of Plato & Egoism Discussion
ASU Ethnic Studies the Myth of The Ring the Republic of Plato & Egoism Discussion.
1 Questions1. James Rachels discusses the myth of the ring, a thought experiment taken from Plato’s Republic. The philosopher Glaucon argues that no one could resist the temptation to use the ring to his own advantage. What does this claim say about morality, generally? About psychological egoism? What does this claim say about ethical egoism?2. Explain both the divine command theory (as discussed by Arthur) and the theory of natural law (as discussed by Aquinas). On what grounds does Arthur reject the divine command theory? (Be sure to discuss the Euthyphro dilemma.) On what grounds does Hume reject the theory of natural law? (Be sure to discuss the “is/ought” objection.)3. John Stuart Mill argues that people sometimes become addicted to what he described as “inferior pleasures.” What did Mill mean by “inferior pleasures,” and how did he account for people’s “addiction” to them?4. Immanuel Kant argued that “the greater part of mankind… protect their lives in conformity with duty, but not from the motivation of duty.” What did he mean by this? What does “duty” mean for Kant, and in what way is this relevant to his theory of ethical action?5. Explain John Rawls’ conception of justice as fairness. Specifically, what does he mean by the expression “veil of ignorance”? What principles does Rawls formulate from this perspective?Module 1 Discussion Prompt:Post the question and response that you found most challenging or intriguing and explain why. Your post is
ASU Ethnic Studies the Myth of The Ring the Republic of Plato & Egoism Discussion
Maslows Hierarchy Of Needs Model Business Essay
Motivation in an organizations can increased efficiency and output. Since motivation is necessary in organizations, it helps people to work actively and harder. Product performance is not just the ability to do a task, but is willing to do the same passion and enthusiasm. Besides that, motivation is also a development of friendly relationship. It brings employees closer to organizations when the employees met their needs through attractive rewards and promotional opportunities. (DMCA, 2012) Motivation has included with two theories there is content theories and process theories. Content theories of motivation begin with the needs of individual. These theories state that the changes of the needs of individual in a period of time and concentrated the specific factors that motivate individual. (Sharma, A., 2012) While the process theories begin with the behavior actions of the employees that enable to meet with their needs and choices. (Warrilow, S., 2009) Content Theories of Motivation In content theories, it most focused on the individual factors that will lead to motivation. In normal circumstances, this theory states that motivation is from the internal drives of individual thus forcing the individual to action and towards the satisfaction of individual needs. It is most focus on the individual needs rather than process to motivate employees. (Anon, 2012) Besides that, content theories using the specific things to motivate individual at work such as the needs of individual, relative strengths and goals they are pursue. (Catchpole, L.,2008) In this theories, there are four major content theories of motivation included there is Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model, Alderfer’s modified need hierarchy model, Herzberg’s two factor theory and McClelland’s achievement motivation theory. (Catchpole, L., 2008) Maslow’s hierarchy of needs model In 1943, Maslow published his theory and it also started using his theory to motivate employees. Maslow’s need hierarchy theory is the most early and best-known content theories. After he published his theory, it becomes more popular and been used by everyone. Maslow’s theory was identified by hierarchy of human needs and it also related to human behavior. (Kalyan City Life, 2012) The hierarchy is arranged from the most important because it is necessary to arranged in a series through the needs of human there is expectation of human wanting. (Catchpole, L., 2008) In hierarchy of needs model, five importance types of individual needs was arranged from top to bottom and it was identifies by Maslow. (Kalyan City Life, 2012) However, from the lowest level of hierarchy is “physiological needs, safety needs, love needs, esteem needs, to the need of self-actualisation at the highest level”. (Catchpole, L.,2008) The lowest level of hierarchy is physiological needs which are the basic needs for human life. These needs include homeostasis of human body’s automatic efforts to retain normal functioning. The homeostasis of human body is “satisfaction of hunger and thirst, the need for oxygen and to maintain temperature regulation”. (Catchpole, L., 2008, p128) These basic human needs have priority over all other needs so it place at the lowest level of hierarchy. Besides that, these needs cannot be postponed for a long time because other needs do not motivate employees. So that, physiological needs are necessary for human life which for survive and maintenance. There include food, water, breathing and sleep. (Cherry, K., 2012) The second level of hierarchy is safety needs where the needs for protections. This safety needs are important for human beings. Every worker needs their protection for their jobs from danger such as safety and security, freedom from pain, insurance and others. (Catchpole, L., 2008) After meeting physiological needs, the safety needs come over there. When the physiological needs cannot be used for motivate employees, the safety needs replace them. If they are unsatisfied, the only way act as motivational forces is safety needs. (Kalyan City Life, 2012) The third level of hierarchy is social needs which include affection, sense of belonging, social activities, friendship and others. (Catchpole, L., 2008) When an employee desires to stay in an organization, the other members of the organization should accept them with love and affection. Everyone wants to participate in such organization because it enable employee to interaction with friends and superior of an organization. (Kalyan City Life, 2012) The next level of hierarchy is esteems needs which include both self-respect and esteems of others. Self respect includes self confidence, independence while esteems of others include reputation or prestige and status. (Catchpole, L., 2008) The esteems needs also involve the needs of respect, the needs of appreciated, needs to have power and prestigious position. Once all the three needs are satisfied, esteems needs are able to allow an employee to stay in an organization by themselves and others. (Kalyan City Life, 2012) The top level of hierarchy is self-actualisation needs. This is the highest level of needs, development and realization in the hierarchy. Self-actualisation is a “growth” need where capable of becoming. Furthermore, an employee should have their challenge and achievement in the area of their specialization but many of them do not reach this level. (Kalyan City Life, 2012) Alderfer’s Modified Need Hierarchy model Alderfer presented a modified need hierarchy and condensed version of Maslow’s five levels of need into only three levels there is existence needs, relatedness needs and growth needs. This Alderfer’s modified need hierarchy model also known as ERG theory of motivation. (Williams, J.K., 2003) The lowest level of Alderfer’s modified need hierarchy is existence needs which are related to Maslow’s physiological needs and safety needs. The existence needs are concerned with human maintenance and survival. (Catchpole, L., 2008) The second level of hierarchy is relatedness needs which concerned with the relationship to the social environment, a sense of belonging and friendship. These are most closely to Maslow’s safety needs, social needs and esteems needs. (Catchpole, L., 2008) The top level of hierarchy is growth needs which concerned the development of potential. These are related to Maslow’s self-esteems and self-actualisation. (Catchpole, L., 2008) Alderfer state that individual progress is passing through the level of hierarchy from existence needs to growth needs becomes satisfied. However, Alderfer also state that these needs are more a continuum compare to hierarchy levels. According to Alderfer’s modified need hierarchy model, there is more than one needs may be activate at the same time thus individuals may also going through the hierarchy. Alderfer’s modified need hierarchy also known as frustration-regression process. For example, relatedness needs may reassume as most importance when an individual is continually satisfy the growth needs. Therefore, the lower-level of hierarchy become more importance to the individual’s effort. (Catchpole, L., 2008) Process theories Process theories state that the behavior actions of an employee selected which may meet their needs and determine their choices. This means that an employee will choose their behavior actions by their own ways and without any instruction from manager to achieve what they are wanted. The following theories each explain the nature of work motivation on how people make their choices to work hard or do not work hard based on their preferences, rewards and work outcomes. However, process theories include four theories there is expectancy-based models, equity theory, goal theory and attribution theory. (Catchpole, L., 2008) Expectancy Theory The expectancy theory of motivation state that human beings are driven to achieve a goal that not only a reason to perceived as desirable, it is also achieve the goal that has appears. Individuals will have their own expectation in every aspect of their life and they would try to making predictions about the trajectories of their future. Individuals will be motivated to reach their goal when the goals are in the area of their expectation and appearing worthwhile. Essentially, the result shows that it is a motivation to complete an action. “Valence-instrumentality-Expectancy Theory” or “VIE Theory” also can be referred by the expectancy theory of motivation. (Hopper, A., 2011) Victor Vroom who studied the motivation in Yale School of Management in 1964 was developed the expectancy theory. Vroom most focus on the outcome, it is not focus on individual needs like Maslow and Herzberg. The expectancy theory states that people may use their own ways to perform in a particular manner with the expectation in order to form an outcome. (Stecher