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However Christof does all he can to stop him, including demanding Lunar room employee Moses to capsize Truman’s vessel which would likely lead to his death. Weir uses a close up of Moses after he was told this which allows us to see that his eyes were wide and his brow furrowed from the shock of what he had just heard. This close up shows that Moses was clearly uncomfortable with performing such a task. This scene displays how Christof is a work place bully as he puts his employees in uncomfortable positions by asking them to perform unmoral tasks which go against their beliefs.

Although sadly Christof is not alone as a workplace bully, as according to an online poll 15 percent of employees claim to have experienced work place bullying and more often than not nothing was done about it. This is because people are in a vulnerable position whilst at work because they understand the risk of losing their jobs if they do not comply, so often they compromise their morals to please their superior bosses. Weir wanted us to understand the importance of not giving up your morals, despite the possible consequences, although doing so is a problem in today’s society.

Weir displays how the viewers of the Truman Show are abusing their power by allowing the show to happen. His use of cross cutting from Seahaven to the show’s viewers allows us to see the show’s immense support. Cross cutting from Truman in the climatic storm scene to the viewers allows us to see the outrage they have and that they are scared for his life. However what the audience fails to realise is that they are to blame for the mistreatment of Truman, as by watching the show they are supporting it and thereby condoning the abuse.

In an interview Weir stated about Lady Diana’s death that. “The very people who were outraged by her perceived cause of death, were the ones who bought the magazines. ” This helps us to understand how The Truman Show is not just the product of one man abusing his power, but that it is caused by everyone who simply goes along with it and no one standing up for what is right. This idea highlights that Weir wanted us to be aware of Jewish writer and philosopher Hannah Arendt’s term, ‘The banality of evil. The banality of evil refers to the idea that evil is allowed to occur and it is not due to fanatical leaders like Christof, but by the people who blindly follow and support him without questioning. This key idea displays the importance of the people in the masses to speak out and stand up for their morals so that abuse, like that seen in The Truman Show, does not occur. The way Christof abuses his power over Truman by controlling every aspect of his life makes us aware that reality television shows have gotten out of hand.

In the climax Christof shouts, “Give me some lightning… Again! Hit ‘im! Again! ” This imperative from Christof shows how he is willing to harm Truman. “You can’t let him die in front of a live audience! ” “He was born on television. He can die on television too. ” This dialogue displays how Christof is willing to forgo his moral obligations and endanger a ‘cast member’ for the sake of a good show. This control Christof has over Truman makes us see the similarities between The Truman Show and reality television shows today.

As The Truman Show cast member Marlon states, trying to condone the show, “It’s all real. Nothing here is fake. Nothing you see on this show is fake. It’s merely controlled. ”The same could be said for reality shows which push the boundaries such as Big Brother. Big Brother is a hugely successful reality show which imposes 24 hours a day surveillance on it’s contestants, who are put through gruelling conditions with limited resources alongside strong minded fellow competitors, all this leads to much loved drama, from love to betrayal.

Shows like these invade any sense of privacy for the contestants, as seen when two contestants on Big Brother were seen together by the night vision cameras under the sheets making love. Weir says that he heard someone say, “What a bizarre movie. ” But he claims “life is so outrageous right now, and the film is reflecting that. ” This tells us that Weir wants us to realise how out of control reality television has become even the extreme concept of The Truman Show is not really so far from what we see on the television today.

In conclusion the key idea of abuse of power is shown by the director Peter Weir throughout the film. His excellent use of camera shots, cross cutting and dialogue allows us to see that abuse of power is not only seen throughout The Truman Show, but it is also very prevalent in today’s society, through the forms of workplace bullying and reality television shows, as was it also an issue in history as seen with Lady Diana’s tragic death. As Benjamin Franklin once said, “It is the responsibility of every citizen to question authority. ”

Analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of deficit spending and the effects of federal government borrowing on the economy

Analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of deficit spending and the effects of federal government borrowing on the economy.

During the Great Recession, like any other economic downturns, as unemployment rises, aggregate income declines causing a major decline in tax collections. On the other hand, with the rise in unemployment, spending on safety net programs rise. So, there are not too many good options available to restore the health of the national economy. It will be very difficult to defend cuts in the federal government programs and especially the programs geared to sustain the minimum of the standard of living for the recent “poor.” So, government needs to increase its borrowing. Deficit spending refers to government spending exceeding what it brings in federal income and corporate taxes during a certain period. Deficit spending hence increases government debt. Most economists accept that deficit spending is desirable and necessary as part of countercyclical fiscal policy. In such a case, government increases its borrowing and hence its deficit to compensate for the shortfall in aggregate demand. This is derived from Keynesian economics, and has been the mainstream economics view. Following John Maynard Keynes, many economists recommend deficit spending to moderate or end a recession, especially a severe one. When the economy has high unemployment, an increase in government purchases creates a market for business output, creating income and encouraging increases in consumer spending, which creates further increases in the demand for business output. (This is the multiplier effect). This raises the real gross domestic product (GDP) and the level of employment and lowers the unemployment rate. Government borrowing under such circumstances increases the demand for borrowing and thus pushes interest rates up. Rising interest rates can “crowd out” (discourage) fixed private investment spending, canceling out some of the demand stimulus arising from the deficit Write an essay analyzing the advantages and disadvantages of deficit spending and the effects of federal government borrowing on the economy i.e., the “crowding out” effect. Complete this essay in a Microsoft Word document, and in APA format. Note your submission will automatically be submitted through “TurnItIn” for plagiarism review. Please note that a minimum of 700 words for your essay is required.

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