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The Suffering In The Christian Life Theology Religion Essay

In 1 Corinthians 13 verses 1-3 we are told that, even if we were given to give all the possessions to feed the poor unless we love have love we are nothing and have gained nothing. Even if we give our bodies to be burned, its profits us nothing without love. Every area of service to others is sacrificial. It entails the use of money, time, energy and perhaps even the loosing of life itself. Paul was so motivated by love that he she could wish himself accursed for the sake of his fellow Israelites. Suffering in the Christian Life One of the most widespread ideas in our land today about the Christian suffering is that we should be able to change people by our activities. The thinking is apparently this if young people are given the right upbringing, in good homes, as members of the good church, then all will be well. They will grow up to be good people. And we must agree that a good upbringing is a tremendous start in life in dealing the suffering. But the problem with that idea of the Church activities is that often does not work out in practice. In spite of the entire fine teaching they have had, they have gone right off the rails in time of suffering and trails. Our Christian faith involves far more than the good church activities, however commendable those activities might be. The very different misunderstanding about Christianity faith, is that you can escape from the evil bias inside you which makes you break the rules and disregard God’s commandments, by retreating into a safe hiding – place. I know what immediately springs to mind. Some think at once of the monks in their monasteries. Alright, I agree that monasteries were invented to try and escape from the moral pollution and temptations of the world. The heart of the problem is the problem of our hearts, your heart and my heart. And this why Paul writes, Be strong in the Lord, and his mighty power. You and I do need something else, we need a dynamic extra in our lives to face the suffering in our Christian life. The Reality of Suffering as the Christians Respond The letter to the Ephesians is like that. There is no need to try and guess what Paul means by God’s mighty power. If you read through the letter you will find God’s mighty power looking out at you from the words again and again. There are two extremes which you and I must avoid. On the other hand, there are people who say that to be a strong Christian, to be strong in the Lord; you must simply have a positive attitude to life. Then you will be strong in the Lord but that leaves out God completely. Plenty of people take that line. Many of them are fine people and live reasonably good lives. But god power does not feature in their living. They may be being strong but they are not being strong in the lord, and in his mighty power. If you have certain experience of the Holy Spirit, then you will find you can overcome all your problems. God will fight the battle for you. Just hand yourself over to him, and all will be well. The bible never tells us that life will be easy if we hand ourselves over to God, or that all battles will be won without our exerting ourselves. How much is my strength, my will power, my effort, in me fighting wrong, and how much it is God’s might, in my fight against wrong? If we answer, the Lord Jesus Christ was both man and God. He was perfectly human, and yet truly divine. His two nature blended in such a way that those who spoke with Christ were speaking with a real man, yet those who came and knelt before him were kneeling before the Lord God. Christian in order to be strong in the Lord , have to realise that two natures are going to be at work in them. On the other hand we have to exert our human all our human power to resist evil and to follow Christ. On the other hand, we can only do this because the divine spirit is at work in us. The human and the divine blend together mysteriously in all we do when we are Christians. The Need for Perspective Paul commanded here to be stronger and to be stronger in the Lord. There is one more thing we must notice before we moved on to being equipped with the armour of God in time of suffering. If we are not growing spiritually stronger, then we must be dead spirituality. Stronger in Christ at home, work or at college, stronger in him at the church, stronger in him in your street. This will make stronger in our Christian faith when we face the suffering on this earth. This faith in our suffering will surely advance if more of us were growing stronger in the Lord, both in our activities within the church and in our living outside it. The people who know their God shall be strong and carry out great exploits. When you and I know God and remember that in order to understand what it means to be strong in the Lord we began in Ephesians 1, nothing the acts of God, Father, on and Holy Spirit, on our behalf, – when we know our God, that we cannot help but be encouraged and so grow stronger in the Lord. The Lord encouragement is the great gift. In the dark days of the last war, when everything seemed lost, Churchill would speak on the radio, and the sound of his voice would put heart into the whole nation. Nothing has changed. The outlook was still desperate. But just Churchill speaking brought encouragement. How much more about God speaks those who know God shall be strong and do great exploits. We must grow stronger by feeding upon Christ. By exercising, that is, by constantly using his Holy Word. and by encouraging ourselves in God. That is how his mighty power will increase in us as we give him everything we have, holding nothing back. Paul is about to unfold to us the secret of victory in the battle against evil powers. Some churches think they have succeeded just by staying open for another year. But victory is when we face all Satan powers, and we are not bowed, but stand firm. To do that, we actually need more than only to be strong in the Lord, and his mighty power. We need protection because at our very strongest, you and I are weak. Satan knows all our weak points, even when we are strong. And even the strongest man and women needs to put on the whole armour of God. Think of many great Old Testament characters such as Abraham, Jacob, Moses, Samson, David, Elijah. At some point in their lives they all failed and fell, with consequent pain and suffering to themselves and many others. Every one of them, though they were truly might men. Suffering of Theology in the Church of Oprah Winfrey Ms Winfrey’s used of her Christian heritage in defining suffering. In one of her show time might be something of a false teaching. She said about suffering that her theology of self- help experts believes that suffering being beneficial. She turned the black’s church ethos into the exaltation of suffering itself into the face of suffering. According to her “by making all experiences of suffering into occasion to improve oneself” which she means that suffering can be a desirable experience. Her teachings suggest that strong women by their own will and of therapy transcend failure. As her teaching suggested that the people are the only themselves to blame for tier own misery Conclusion. The picture is of someone who is strong in the Lord, joyful, true and faithful to the saviour. There may be a strong Christian, but without the full armour of God, he is in mortal danger, for all his courage and joy in Christ. The bible warns us that the devil goes about like a roaring lion, ready to devour the unwary, unguarded Christian (1 Peter 5:8). Lovely Christian people serving Christ enthusiastically, but suddenly knocked on the back of the head with one swipe of the devil’s horny hand, and so sent reeling, crashing to the ground. Put on the full armour of God. Paul repeats it in verse13: Therefore put the full armour of God. Without it, we will most certainly fall. But with it, by God’s grace, we can stand firm. God’s will for us is that we should be more than conquerors, victorious in the fight so he may help us all. And here is perhaps the most encouraging truth of all. When we put the armour of God that is completely honesty, righteousness that is holy living, peace that is the testimony of changed lives. His great strength is with us as the attack begins and in this fight , he never leaves our side, but is always there. That is why we can be victorious and withstand in the evil day. That must be our aim to stand our ground , and after we have done all to stand. I personally believe that suffering in Christian living is important as it makes our own faith and walk closer with God. It just remind that someone there where we can trust where we can share our suffering as we going through. Suffering reminds us about the God own love, how he has gone through when he was on this earth. As the bible talks that those who follow Christ, has to suffer temporary then the reward is in heaven when we pass this earthy life. It just reminds our own life and even our own faith, how much we are closer to our saviour. I personally believe that the follower of Christ who are not suffering in this world should ask question within themselves are they really following Christ or just n name sake. Suffering bring the true glory to Christ as it reminds us about the love of Christ on the cross which he has paid for our sins.
SPST180: DISCUSSION. respond to a few discussions about the moon and stars.

ORIGINAL POST and response: What changes might have happened or not happened to the earth if the moon had never formed?Without the moon, the climatic conditions of the Earth would be adverse. While the Earth revolves around the sun, it is tilted so that the angle of inclination is 23.4 degrees (Fraknoi et al. 2016). This tilting began about 4.5 billion years ago when the Earth collided with another planet, but the attraction of the moon stabilized it at that angle. This means without the moon, and the Earth would have tilted over 85 degrees. What happens when the Earth’s axis is tilted to this extent is that the poles would be exposed to the sun, and the ices caps would leading to extreme climatic changes. Even now, a small change as one degree from the current inclination of the Earth’s axis is enough to cause ice ages. Additionally, there would be no seasons whatsoever, and both the lunar and solar eclipse would be there.How might this have influenced civilization? Without the moon, civilization may not have gone to the extent, which it has attained now. There is a significant influence of the moon, especially in astrology and other aspects of human civilization. The moon exerts friction on the Earth and thus make a move slowly. According to (Fraknoi et al. 2016) in every 100 years, the Earth’s rotation slows down by two milliseconds. The friction keeps the Earth rotating slowly, and a complete rotation lasts for 24 hours. Without the moon, therefore, days would be shorter, and people would work less, leading to stunted growth in civilization. People would also concentrate along the equator leaving the other area inhabited.How might it have influenced the development of astronomy? Even with the existence of the sun, stars and other heavenly bodies including the planets, the moon remains the basis of development in astronomy. The moon is closer to the Earth than the sun, and so, its effects are felt much than those of the sun. For instance, the moon causes spring tides and neap tides. Additionally, the most elongated the earth duration of the day from 6 hours to the present 24 hours by slowing down the rotation. Therefore, the development of astronomy and astrology stemmed from the moon more than the sun and other bodies.i will post additional post to respond to…
SPST180: DISCUSSION. respond to a few discussions about the moon and stars

Joint venture is one of the preferred international market entry modes by many firms but it suffers high failure rate. Construct a review of literature on how to manage international joint venture successfully. International joint venture is one of the preferred international market entry mode. “An international joint venture is a separate legal Organizational entity in which at least two partners that are economically, Geographically and legally independent of each other participate” (Frédéric and Pierre 2006). Many multinational corporations use the joint venture as the market entry mode to enter in to developing countries (young,1994: Mickiewicz , 1986). International joint ventures are popular institutional forms chosen by less developed countries to attract foreign direct investment and knowledge . Through the partnership with the foreign venture it will help in knowledge transfer in terms of technology, it also will create employment opportunities in the local country and grow the flow of foreign currencies (Udo ,Sugata and Arijit 2003). In an individualistic grown economy joint venture is used as strategic option. An foreign company can not came a open its branch straight away in the local market, so to overcome this barrier the foreign company merge with the local company to form a joint venture.. The main thing about the joint ventures are the foreign companies jointly decide with the local company to create a legal entity to share the ownership, profit or loss and other benefits of the business. Despite a strong understanding between the companies and with huge amount of resources also, the joint venture achieve a high failure rate. This is because of the differences in culture ,strategy planning and organizing , it initially start with differences an result in problem (Bruce ,1988). One of the preferred international market entry is joint venture, the other entry modes are Licensing , Direct Foreign Investment , Internationalization , Franchising and exports. Joint ventures involve two or more legally formed distinct organizations , each of which shares in the decision making activities of the jointly owned entity (Geringer and Hebert 1991 ; Geringer 1988 ). “It is deemed to be an international joint venture when at least one partner’s head quartered outside the venture country of activities, or if the Joint Venture has a greater level of operations in more than one country” (Geringer and Hebert 1991 ; Geringer and Hebert 1989). In the rapidly changing international environment the intense technology and timely competition there are major changes around the world that are political and economical . It is closely examined that joint venture or any other forms of business relates with ownership , performance and control (Hans, Stephen ,. 1997) The joint venture suffer a high failure rate because its got more than two parent organization. It is reported that 47% of the firms have more than 3 parent firms. A study in the article states that if a joint venture consist of more number of parent company means it will attain failure. (YAPING , ODED , YADONG and MEE-KAU ,. 2007). The experience of the parent company will influence the joint venture with the company in the developing countries. Essential resources and mutual understanding between the parent companies is important for the joint ventures success. The needed resources and acheived experience of joint ventures parent partner are important to cope the relationship , which leads to trust and ultimate understanding . “Companies should look for a potential partners with joint venture experiences and should have adequate knowledge to provide complementary resources” (Sim and Yunus. 1998).. For example, Bangladeshi firms should expect foreign companies such with appropriate technology, joint venture experience ,overseas marketing knowledge, managerial expertise’s and networks. So as the foreign company will look in the Bangladeshi firm is local market knowledge, cost effectiveness in inputs and past joint venture experience. Market strength and technology and export orientation where other important successful factors for joint ventures . Unlike the developed countries – the developing countries need local parental control and good technology were needed to create its venture to success(Sim and Yunus. 1998). Kathryn 1988 argues that “Customer Attributes will influence firms abilities to differentiate their product offerings from those of competitors and they will also(1) determine whether sponsoring firms can standardize their respective product configurations across markets (2) grant their ventures much operating autonomy“ . The change in particular partners strategy , choosing of strategy for the joint venture and the action of the competitors must focus during the changes in the venture. And the dynamics of venture’s owner and the partners collaboration must be adjusted to hypothetical changes in the respective strategically need , c apability and success of other owners in the international venture(Kathryn 1988) . The important and most surprising question is , why do joint ventures fail?. The example is This research is based on a systemetic analysis of a joint venture associating a Brazilian company (local partner), Algar, formerly ABC, with a French company Bull (foreign partner). The joint venture was founded in 1983, initially it was called as ABC-BULL but later it changed it name as ALGAR – BULL, the change in the balance of power took place in 1989.then the partners separated due to situation of subsidiary. Both the companies attain huge profits but the conditions turned to be unfavorable . In the end Bull took over the entire company from to form Bull South America, right form the beginning Bull’s have major rights on the company and more power on decision making process also. The main differences through the joint venture in to dissolution is the cultural factor. It has affected almost everything in that joint venture. Despite its dissolution it is considered to be a successful Joint venture(Frédéric and Pierre 2006 ). In the previous empirical studies using the meta-analysis it examines the relation between the culture and decision making strategies. The result declares that individualistic cultures prefers a f orcing strategy more over a collective cultures, wherein more likely collective cultures use withdrawing, compromising and problem solving strategies than that of the capitalistic culture (Lung-Tu 2007). Key factors for managing International Joint venture success are Performance, Human Resource development , Practices based on host cultural characteristics, Quality performance, Training competence, Flexibility and Adaptation , Technological sophistication, Knowledge acquisition from foreign partners, Cooperation between parents, Recourses sharing, Equity sharing, Governance, Political risk in host country these are some of the important key success factors that influence the International Joint venture into success. If there is any misunderstanding or conflict in these issues means it will develop a crack in the joint venture (Michael , Schon and Andreas ,. 2007 ). The individual bargaining power of the partners should determine which of them should bring the particular resources , to cut down the cost (Kathryn 1986 : Beamish , Peter 1997 ). In another example its HERO HONDA , it is the merge of HERO group of India and Honda of Japan to produce bikes, it is one of the biggest and most profit earning company in the world in terms of motorcycle sales . It is selling more than 1 million bikes per year. And it is ranked 108th in The Forbes 200 most reputed companies list 2006. Another popular example for the successful international joint venture is Sony Ericsson. The joint venture of this company was establishes on October 2001, it is the joint venture between Japanese Sony Corporation and the Swedish telecom communications company Ericsson to make mobile phones and smart phones. In the insurance industries there are also some emerging international ventures they are in following examples , such as Aviva Life Insurance Company India Ltd. It is joint venture between the Aviva life insurance in united kingdom and India based Dabur company, its Dabur that holds 74%of the stake in the company and it used the brand name of Aviva. In another example Bajaj Allianz Life Insurance Co., Ltd. , it is the joint venture between the Indian Motorcycle company Bajaj and German Insurance Giant Allianz Insurance. The important thing to be noted in this is that global players in the business world are elaborating there channels through the mode of joint ventures, and they are also using there experience in to the business they are involved . Which will result in a success rate . Another awaiting joint venture in India is between India’s Bharti group and the world’s largest retailer Wal-Mart . To conclude this essay on International Joint venture, it is that the success of any joint venture is within that organization .in the very beginning itself the counterparts should target a goal and should work towards that. The partners of the joint ventures not only should share profit and losses and resources , but they also should be open to share there operational , strategies , technology ,trust , knowledge acquisition from foreign partners , selection of experienced partner and performances. And they should overcome the barriers such as cultural differences , managerial inequalities ,lack of knowledge, selection of inexperienced partner, lack in communication, and political . These barriers should be carefully tackled otherwise the joint venture will end up in failure. Despite the failures in the international joint venture rate is high companies prefer to go for it , because they enter a new market . Thus the international joint venture should overcome the above mentioned odds and barriers to become successful joint venture in the international market . References : Udo Broll, Sugata Marjit, and Arijit Mukherjee 2003, ‘FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT, CREDIBLE POLICY: The Role of Risk Sharing‘, THE INTERNATIONAL TRADE JOURNAL, Volume XVII, No. 2 : Pg 165-176 Geringer, J. Michael., and Louis.Hebert, 1989, ‘Control and Performance Of International Joint Venture’ . Journal Of International Business Studies, 20: Pg 235-254. Geringer, J. Michael., and Louis.Hebert. 1991, ‘MEASURING PERFORMANCE OF INTERNATIONAL JOINT VENTURES’ , Journal of International Business Studies; 1991, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p249-264, Geringer, J. Michael. 1988. Joint venture partner selection Strategies for developed countries. West-port Conn.: Quorum Books. Killing, J. Peter. 1983. Strategies for joint venture success. New York: Praeger. Bruce Kogut ,.1988.‘Joint Ventures: Theoretical and Emperical Perspectives’ , Strategic Management Journal ,Vol. 9, Pg319-332 . Hans Mjoen . Stephen Tallman,. 1997. ‘Control and Performance in international Joint venture’. ORGANIZATION SCIENCE ,. VOI. 8, No, 3. Richard N. Osborn ,. and John Hagedoorn , 1997. ‘THE INSTITUTIONALIZATION AND EVOLUTIONARY DYNAMICS OF INTERORGANIZATIONAL ALLIANCES AND NETWORKS’ . Academy of management journal. Vol.40,No. 2 , 261-278. Frédéric Prevot, and Pierre-Xavier Meschi. 2006 . ‘Evolution of an International Joint Venture: The Case of a French – Brazilian Joint Venture’. Thunderbird International Business Review, Vol. 48(3) Pg 297-319 YAPING GONG, ODED SHENKAR, YADONG LUO and MEE-KAU NYAW ,. 2007 . ‘DO MULTIPLE PARENTS HELP OR HINDER INTERNATIONA JOINT VENTURE PERFORMANCE? THE MEDIATING ROLES OF CONTRACT COMPLETENESS AND PARTNER COOPERATION’ , Strategic Management Journal,. 28: Pg 1021 -1034. Michael Nippa , Schon Beechler and Andreas Klossek ,. 2007. ‘Success Factors for Managing International Joint Ventures: A Review and an Integrative Framework’ , Management and Organization Review.3:2 2007 A. B . Sim and Yunus Ali ,. 1998.‘Performance of international joint venture from developing and developed countries : An Emperical Study in a Developing Country context ‘. Journal Of world Business / 33(4). Lung-Tu Lu,. 2007. ‘The Effect Of Cultural Similarity On International Joint Ventures: An Emperical Study’ . International Journal of Management. Vol.24 No.2 : Pg 230-241 . Kathryn Rudie Harrigan,. 1988. ‘Joint Venture And Competitive Strategy’. Strategic Management Journal. issue 9: Pg 141-158 (1988). W. Beamish, J. Peter Killing,. 1997. Cooperative Strategies : Asian Pacific Perspectives. Craig C. Julian,. 2005. International joint venture performance in South East Asia. Kathryn Rudie Harrigan,. 1986. ‘ San Francisco: new Lexington Press ‘.

Turner’s Syndrome: Signs, Diagnosis and Effects

In America many kids are born with different disorders or diseases that cannot be cured. Why does an innocent little child have to suffer like this? There are so many disorders/diseases that kids are being affected by from the age of 0-4 years old no one know why. Could it be something the parent is doing or the food we are eating? This paper will discuss only Turner Syndrome a chromosomal disorder in a female at child birth. Signs and Symptoms Aversa et al. (2014) posit that Turner’s Syndrome manifests itself in a variety of ways in every female who gets affected by this genetic condition. Afshar

ENGM 90006 UTS Preventative and Reactive Maintenance Services for Monash Health Paper

essay writing help ENGM 90006 UTS Preventative and Reactive Maintenance Services for Monash Health Paper.

Engineering ContractsThis year’s assignment is to be undertaken as your own individual work. There are two major perspectives to be considered.In part A of the assignment you are representing the Principal and you are called upon to review the tender documents to ensure they truly match the organisation’s objectives; andIn Part B, you are to assume the role of a potential bidder for the tender detailed in part A.PART A: Review of contract strategy from the Owners perspective.Select one of the following projects, as described in their tender documents. You are to review the documents and confirm to the Principal’s (the Owner) Manager of Procurement that the correct procurement strategy is being adopted for the project:I) Explain the benefits and risks associated in using the contracting form nominated. Include in your discussion, factors such as the context, organizational experience, and specifics of the project risk profile. You should also clearly outline the anticipated time dimensions for the project and the reasons behind the suggested timeframe.(10 marks)II) For your selected project, identify three to five critical risks and/or opportunities. Enough detail is to be provided to justify the significance of identifying these risks as priorities.(10 marks)The following projects have been nominated and details are provided in LMS.1. Develop an ITS budget and management reporting system for Court Services Victoria ITS 2020 – 10192. Construct a pipeline from Melton to Bacchus Marsh for Western Water, CN0001183. Provide preventative and reactive maintenance services for Monash Health – titled ‘Medical Gas Reticulation Systems Maintenance services, TEN-20-0000033NB: a) It is not permissible to replace the above projects with one you may be working on in a corporate environment.b) Do not contact any of the actual project teams as part of this exercise. If this happens you will receive zero for the assignment.PART B: Developing a winning strategyAssume you are responding as a tenderer to the project you have chosen in Part A of this assignment. Propose a detailed strategy as to how you think your services could emerge as the preferred tenderer. Your response should consider technical, commercial and contractual matters. Ensure you link your strategy to the matters valued by the Client and reference these where appropriate.
ENGM 90006 UTS Preventative and Reactive Maintenance Services for Monash Health Paper

ENGL 2322 ACC British Literature the Doubt of Future Foes Discussion

ENGL 2322 ACC British Literature the Doubt of Future Foes Discussion.

Write one observation about the life of the poet Elizabeth I “The doubt of future foes” and then answer the questions below about the poemn:Poetry Questions:1) What is the poem about? Theme? Central idea? What is the central situation being described?2) What’s on the speaker’s mind?3) How would you describe the poem’s tone? Happy, sad, angry, mournful, etc etc. Justify your answer.4) What strategies does the poet use to achieve his/her purpose? Pay close attention to words used, images, metaphors, conceits (see handout for definition), and other poetic devices.5) Is this a good poem? If yes, why? If not, why not?Don’t write the question; only write the answers.
ENGL 2322 ACC British Literature the Doubt of Future Foes Discussion

Response Papers about People’s History of the United States

Response Papers about People’s History of the United States. Help me study for my History class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

For this RP you will use especially a chapter from A People’s History of the United States by Howard Zinn.
The URL to the document is here: (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site. (Links to an external site.)
Response Paper Options:Answer just ONE of the following questions.
1) Zinn and Foner offer differing portrayals of the Columbus story and of colonization/imperialism in general. Discuss these portrayals, keeping in mind that Foner might be a bit more difficult to interpret because his version is presented in a bit more subtle (but no less biased) manner, while Zinn is not keeping any secrets regarding the motives and actions of Columbus, his men and other Europeans.
The questions that historians, and with the Columbus issue, cultural activists and critics, have been considering include the following:
2) Compare Columbus’s log entries with Las Casas’s journal entries.
a. Identify differences and similarities (e.g., how each describes the Arawaks).
b. Identify topics the other did not discuss.
c. What accounts for the differences? the similarities (their goals, their job functions, their status in relation to the other Spaniards)?
3) What sources are the textbook authors using? Pay special attention to Zinn’s sources; they give his history a certain credibility on this topic.
4) If communities share common interests, did Columbus and Las Casas belong to the same community? If so, what are their common interests? (What was Columbus in the Caribbean for? Las Casas?) If not, what interests separate them into different communities? Did Las Casas have more in common with the Arawaks than he did with Columbus?
MAKE sure the grammar, my professor really care on grammar and dont Plagiarism, dont write too deep and dont use complex words cuz im an international student from china
here is the guide to help you write the response paper:

Response Papers and Discussions

After you’ve read the assigned chapters for the week, consider writing a brief response to the material.
Use this as an opportunity to discuss some of the larger issues or themes in the readings. While you will need to re-state some of what is in the textbook as evidence for formulating your answer, you must elaborate on what you’ve read. Create an informed opinion.

Be sure to:
–answer the question

use only the textbooks to write your Response Paper unless otherwise instructed

provide specific examples from the textbooks for your statements

quote your sources (the textbooks)

cite your sources–provide page numbers

Notice in the class Schedule that while you only have to do 6 Module Activities, you have 7 opportunities to contribute to a Module Activity. I suggest that you not wait to do so. You’ll want to give yourself a cushion in case you have to miss an opportunity to turn in an RP or contribute to a discussion or in case one of your RPs is not accepted or you receive a low score on your discussion. If you choose to do 7 Module Activities, the instructor will not grade all 7. The first 6 will be counted toward your grade. The instructor will not count the seven best.
Submission Guidelines for Response Papers:

1. Deadlines for each Response Paper are listed in the schedule. NO LATE PAPERS WILL BE ACCEPTED.

2. You must use the following format for your Response Papers:
–Chapter Number:
–Module Number:
–The Question (copy the question that you are answering):
–Answer: (250-350 word answer).

3. Yes,
your response must be between 250 and 350 words in length. When calculating word count, don’t include the heading or question in your count; count only the words in your actual answer.

4. For each Module, you will either
a) see a link to specific Response Paper prompts

b) see a link to appropriate textbook chapter questions. In this case,
you must choose to write your RP from chapters listed for the current week’s Module. You may not choose a question or prompt from a previous week’s Module or for a Module that we haven’t yet covered.

5. Answer just one question per module.

Not every RP is accepted.

The most common reasons RPs are not accepted:
a) The RP is too short.
b) The RP doesn’t evince that the student has followed the instructor’s advice given in a previous RP (eg.: Regarding your previous RP, the instructor said that in future RPs you need to quote sources and you don’t do so).
c) The RP doesn’t answer the question or address the issue.
d) The student does not do their own work on the RP. See the “Academic Standards” document in the Course Overview.

If your RP is not accepted, you MAY NOT REVISE it. You must move on to the next Module.

7. Acceptable formats:
–Microsoft Word
–Don’t use .Pages

You may not work ahead. Each Module will be open for only the time designated in the schedule.

Discussion Guidelines:

A colleague of mine says that “nothing is more obvious than a mentally limp post.” “So,” he says, “without your head in a classroom staring at me, how would I/others ever know if you’re conscious?” Answer: because, by what you’ve written, you’ve demonstrated that you’ve read the material and have a working knowledge of it. It becomes painfully (and I mean that literally) obvious when someone is feeding off of the ideas of others only.
For each discussion, you will be required to create your own post and post a response to at least one other student’s post.

Your posts should utilize
Give Me Liberty! and the primary sources from
Voices of Freedom.
Students should quote and/or paraphrase from these sources (see the Quoting and Paraphrasing document in the Course Overview).

Historians employ an etiquette of polite discourse to solve problems and work through ideas. By and large, historians are interested in discourse that promotes democracy, which means that we are interested in behaving responsibly and generatively. We are interested in how to rise to the better angels of our communicative natures.

That said, I would like to suggest that your discussion are polite and clear. This doesn’t mean that you can’t disagree; it means that you must do so respectfully.

Some suggestions:

What to say if you don’t agree with the
discussion post
–“I think I see it differently…”
–“I have a different take on this.”
–“I am not sure I follow the logic of your thinking. The way I see it is…”

Use third-point referencing. That is, refer to the post, not the person who created the post.
–For example: “The argument might be stronger if…”
–“The thesis is clear and well-supported…”, “The sources don’t seem to support the point I think you’re trying to make…”

What to say if you don’t understand parts of the post?
–I am not sure I follow, exactly
–I know what I mean by the word “____” but I’m not sure I know what you mean…
–Could you help me understand your thinking when you said___

Avoid phrases like:
–“You do a terrible job of…”
–“You should have…”
–“Your thesis sucks…”

Suggested Structure
–1st paragraph–restate in your own words the argument that you understand the student is making
–2nd paragraph–extend or refute the point made by the student by including more evidence from the texts

–give a concluding idea

Examples of fairly good discussion replies:
I would like to comment on the “genocide” post and respectfully disagree with a couple of your points. In no way does this lessen my respect for you or your work.
First, I agree that the genocide of the Native Americans was indeed terrible, but I would argue that it IS unusual. Columbus and the Spanish conquest killed five times more people than Hitler and his Nazis did. While it is very true that every culture, on every continent, in every era has conquered with blood, Columbus did it with a fervor and disdain for human life.
While I do not disagree that the Native people’s of America were not a Utopian society or societies, they were definitely more egalitarian, tolerant, and self sufficient than those from western Europe. The Native people did fight, have enemies, and commit atrocities in the name of religion, culture, and/or power but the romanticizing in Zinn’s book mostly came from Columbus’ or Bartolomé de las Casas journals, and the biggest culprit was Samuel Morison who buried the “genocide” in a heap of heroification and praise for Columbus.
My point, again with all due respect, is we should hold Columbus and the conquistadors accountable for their actions. Yes it was 500 years ago, but they knew what they were doing was wrong, and we must teach our people that it was as wrong then as it is now, we should not accept that “they didn’t know better” just like the warlords and hate mongers of todays world know it’s wrong, so did the Spanish, English, Dutch, and French. I would hope that heinous acts like these would and will always be viewed as a shock and appall us.

Yes, i definitely have to agree with you on this. Neither man understood or respected slaves in any way. They both failed to understand that slaves are just people and that their skin color has no affect on their intelligence.
I feel that Hammonds and Fitzhugh’s commments just reveal the ignorance of their time.
And i feel that your points are valid and warranted.

I think you picked out the main benefits that were important during the revolution because after all where would we be without the start of the railroad system and telegraphs? I think this was a very important time in history because of these developments and it is important for us to know about them.
I too, cannot imagine walking up to my bank and seeing that it was closed indefinitely… i don’t think this could have gone over very well

Response Papers about People’s History of the United States