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The Second Shift “I am a working mother. I am nuts,” proclaims an unkempt cartoon woman on a mug. Surrounded by mounds of papers, a crying baby, and a broom, she is exhausted but resolute. What is held up as absurd in this cartoon is not the economic necessity of her working or her husband’s failure to help. It is her own choice to work that makes her an object of cheerful self-mocking.

Arlie Hochschild holds up to the light this and many other strategies by which women and men in two-career marriages juggle work pressures and family needs. Between 1980 and 1988, Hochschild and her research associates interviewed fifty couples at great length. Hochschild also observed family life in a dozen homes. At the heart of her book are the stories of eleven couples.

All but two are members of the middle and upper-middle class; each couple has made decisions and developed justifying myths a bit differently. Each has its own “economy of gratitude. ” Hochschild is very much interested in the interrelationships between power–perceived and actual–and bonds of human caring. Her phrase “economy of gratitude” makes reference to what is given and received as gifts between spouses and how those gifts are valued. For example, if a woman earns more money than her husband, his male pride may suffer.

His willingness to bear the affront may be viewed by both as a sacrificial gift, and out of guilt and gratitude she may assume most of the household responsibilities. Hochschild found many such contorted notions of what merits gratitude among the couples she studied. Sympathetically yet relentlessly, Hochschild uncovers family myths and gender strategies that couples develop in order to justify–or to enable them to live with–inequities in workloads. Some strategies permit couples to pay lip service to an ideal that is quite removed from their actual practice.

Carmen, a strong-minded, outgoing woman, professes submission to her husband and aspires to be a housewife. Economic realities, however, make it necessary for her to do day care in her home. She needs the help of her husband, Frank, if housework is to be done properly. Her strategy is to play helpless: If she cannot drive a car, if Frank can cook rice better than she, Carmen can uphold the myth of her submission to him yet also obtain the help she needs.

Other couples’ strategies are undertaken at much greater emotional cost–to the husband, to the wife, to the children. Hochschild concludes that American men and women must learn to revalue the work of nurturing children, that men must become more Leeply egalitarian, and that public policy must be shaped to support rather than undermine these changes. The Second Shift The Second Shift : Working Parents and the Revolution at Home written by Arlie Hochschild is a work of research that investigates the strife of a marriage with a two-job family .

The book relates lives of researched couples and their problem with the second shift ‘ which in this case is the work after work , the housework and childcare . The author followed fifty families and interviewed the parents for ten years or more . Her findings and conclusions about the effect of two-job families on the couples ‘ marriages are recorded in this book Hochschild ‘s purpose for writing this book is to bring to society ‘s attention the need for change in how supportive communities are to women providing a second income and most of the second shift ‘ at home .

It is not just the struggle between the husband and wife about sharing household and childcare responsibilities , but the reason the struggle exists and that it is difficult to resolve falls on the shoulders of society and expected and learned gender ideologies (Hochschild 15 Through her research Hochschild has concluded that most marriages that did not fail or that did not exist with a constant struggle and emotional strain on both partners , were marriages where both parents shared the responsibility of the second shift (Hochschild 216 ) She writes ‘In my study the men who shared the second shift had a happier family life (Hochschild 216 ) This is her main thesis Hochschild has three main points that reveal her own point of view One main point is that society portrays the working woman as busy , fun a role model for her daughter , and personally able to handle it all She supports this with a New York Times Magazine article that has a front page cover of a working mother walking home with her daughter in hand . The woman is young , smiling , windswept hair with her daughter carrying her briefcase for her with a smile on her face .

According to Hochschild , The Times article gives the impression that the working mother is doing so well because she is personally competent , not because she has a sound social arrangement . Indeed the image of her private characteristics obscures all that is missing in public support (Hochschild 23 This leads to Hochschild ‘s second main point : working mothers are expected to be supermoms and handle traditional roles at home as well as a second job outside the home and to not be affected by the extraordinary workload . . the common portrayal of the supermom working mother suggests that she is `energetic ‘ and `competent ‘ because these are her personal characteristics , not because she has been forced to adapt to an overly demanding schedule What is hidden . s the extra burden on women (Hochschild 24

The third main point Hochschild reveals is that unless society begins to support male sharing in the household and childcare chores , the revolution for women will move ahead without community and spousal support… ot Home Alone : A Review of The Second Shift by Arlie Hochschild Sociologist Arlie Hochschild was able to convey academic research into an extremely readable format by providing an insider ‘s view of ten couple ‘s lives . She did this by spending a large amount of time inside the two-working-parent homes I shopped with them , visited friends , watched television , ate with them walked through parks , and came along when they dropped their children at daycare . I sat on the living room floor and drew pictures and played house with the children .

I tried to become as unobtrusive as a family dog (5-6 By doing so , she gained a very realistic insight into how the couples shared the burden of the second shift ‘ – the home work waiting for them after their first shift ‘ at their jobs . The book is certainly qualified as an academic text , with plenty of references and statistics What makes it interesting is the portrait of the families ‘ lives and their words which Hochschild was able to gain by literally being in the households . Those pictures and quotations not only provide a fascinating view of the division of household labor . Her interviews with the parents reveal their family and cultural background as well as attitude towards sharing the household and parenting burden Hochschild has more than an academic interest in her .

In the Preface , she describes how she took her infant son with her to her office at the sociology department of the University of California . She relates the different reactions to the infant ‘s presence from students and faculty . She discusses how so many of her female students want to have families and careers at the same time . The time with her infant son at her office crystallized the concern that drives this book (vii . I have explored the inner lives of two-job families in the faith that taking a very close look now can help these young women find solutions for the future that go far beyond an infant box and luck (xiii Throughout the book , Hochschild refers to an advertising image of the working mother look , the supermom ‘ with flying hair (1 .

It is a picture of grace , confidence , and power . She also refers to statistics based on the actual time spent by working moms and determined they worked an extra month of twenty-four hour days a year (3 She is intent to illustrate the reality behind the flying hair illusion , as well as document the disparity of the second shift workload . She approaches her research by discussing the role of gender family myths and illusions , as well as what she believes is the cultural cover-up (11-32 . She sets out to explore the reality of the division of labor in the various couples , as well as the individual couple ‘s background and attitudes . She does so without seeming to have an agenda .

Her main thesis and focus is the economic or social reason for more women… As an idealistic professor of sociology at the University of California over three decades ago Arlie Hochschild ‘s believed she could fulfill all her personal and professional aspirations . However Hochschild ‘s soon discovered reality and the beset laid plans were on a collision course . Much to her chagrin Hochschild ‘s was faced with an unexpected contentious barrier to her desired serenity and achievement

The culprit ? Gender . Hochschild ‘s learned that it would take herculean effort to balance family life , her academic career and parenting Hochschild at first thought she has solved he age-old dilemma Swaddled and secure her infant rested in a small box at her Berkeley office so she could nurse and care for the baby during work hours (Kuttner , New York Times 1989 However , one ordinary day when Hochschild ‘s was preoccupied counseling a student she was repeatedly interrupted by the squalling baby Kuttner 1989 ) and her frustration erupted Where , after all , were the children of my male colleagues (Kuttner 1989 This heartfelt query inspired Hochschild to point a probing scholarly finger at the perceived culprit and write a riveting and revealing book To date Hochschild has earned the respect and admiration of colleagues in the field and has been the recipient of prestigious awards such as international and thirty national invited talks , and the recipient of awards from the Fulbright , Alfred . Sloan Ford , and Guggenheim foundations and others rewards for her groundbreaking contributions and scholarly work The Second Shift : Working Parents and the Revolution at Home by Arlie R .

Hochschild is the culmination of in-depth , extensive and interactive interviews with 50 diverse working families residing in the San Francisco Bay area of California Hochschild ‘s research assistant and collaborator Anne Machung devoted several years interviewing and probing to determine : who cares for children , who does housework and sacrifices career (Hochschild A study of 50 couples , The Second Shift revealed that in addition to maintaining careers , most women do about 75 percent of the housework and 80 percent of the child care for their families (Hochschild According to Hochschild , women bear the brunt of what she calls `a stalled revolution , one that got wives out of the home and into the first shift of paid employment (Hochschild Hochschild was determined to illustrate in The Second Shift how values have changed as work outside the home has become normal for women of all social classes (Hochschild Throughout the book the author painstakingly examines the interchange between work life , family dynamics and personalities .

She uncovers an astounding divide existing between family expectations and career demands impacting relationships between parents and children Hochschild ‘s presumptions put forth in The Second Shift were derived from in-the-field analyses and from expansive qualitative materials and emphasizes the work of sociologist Erving Goffman as having the greatest influence on her way of thinking (Hochschild One of the case study families introduced in the book is the Holts Wife and mother , Nancy , a social worker ,her husband Evan , a furnature salesman and their child Joey…

need an Essay by Thursday for my COM 101 class. The topic choice is up to you. Make sure to follow all the directions since my teacher is really picky. No citations at all please! I have a student example attached below. Thank you!!

Directions: For this essay, you may choose whatever topic you like, as long as you don’t use research-related topics. You might want to compare/contrast two former teachers, two siblings, two different pizzas, two types of cuisines, two styles of cooking, etc. The possibilities are endless, so don’t be afraid to get creative! Remember that one pattern will dominate – either comparison or contrast. Your essay should be 2 to 3 pages, standard 12-point font, Times New Roman, double-spaced, indented five spaces for each new paragraph, MLA style heading on the left-hand side. Create a title for your paper, and center your title. Incorporate words or phrases that signal similarities and/or differences. Only use the block method if you are writing a before and after comparison, such as “how I was before I started eating healthy and how I was afterwards.” However, the points of comparison-contrast must be the same. Words and Phrases that Signal Similarities: like, likewise, similarly, in the same way, just as, as well, equally Words and Phrases that Signal Differences: but, however, yet, in spite of, on the contrary, on the other hand, in contrast, instead, despite, although, even though, while Point by Point (Alternating) Method Introduction – Write something general about your topic, perhaps how enjoyable it is to eat a great pizza during or after a sporting event or how Chicago is the home of the deep-dish pizza. Then lead into your thesis. Thesis: Although both pizzas are good, Home Run Inn and Connie’s Pizza differ in their sauce, their spices, and their crust. II. First of all, Home Run Inn and Connie’s Pizza differ in their sauces. Home Run Inn Connie’s Pizza III. Besides the difference in their sauce, Home Run Inn and Connie’s Pizza differ in their spices. Home Run Inn Connie’s Pizza IV. Finally, Home Run Inn and Connie’s Pizza differ in their crust. Home Run Inn Connie’s Pizza V. Conclusion – Summarize your supporting points. You might want to conclude by noting which pizza is tastier. Block Method I. Introduction – Write something general about your topic, perhaps how enjoyable it is to eat a great pizza during or after a sporting event or how Chicago is the home of the deep-dish pizza. Then lead into your thesis. Thesis: Although both pizzas are good, Home Run Inn and Connie’s Pizza differ in their sauce, their spices, and their crust. II. Home Run Inn (Topic Sentence) sauce spice crust III. Connie’s Pizza (Topic Sentence) sauce spice crust IV. Conclusion – Summarize supporting points. You might want to conclude by noting which pizza is tastier.

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