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The Role Os Setting as Symbolic in the Story easy essay help Environmental Science homework help

Topic: discuss the role of setting as symbolic of the story in “Hills like White Elephant” The different symbols in “Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemmingway are used to convey the different opinions, feelings and emotions of the characters and meaning of the story at hand. The symbolic devices and setting are used to effectively communicate the conflicts and obstacles that the two individuals are having. “Hills Like White Elephants” opens with this unusual couple drinking beer, at a train station located at a junction at which their entire lives are revealed and unfolded.

At this station the train tracks run parallel yet never meeting. The station where the couple is waiting is in a valley bisected by two different landscapes which the woman makes remarks about. One side is brown and dry with no trees while the other side has fields full of grains with the river and trees. The story opens with its first apparent imagery of the couple ordering beer while waiting for the train. As the man and woman begin their dialogue, the woman makes remarks about the distant hills which the train station is situated between.

As they continue talking it becomes known that the woman is pregnant, and the man wants her to have an abortion. “What should we drink? ” the girl asks. She has taken off her hat and put it on the table. ” It’s pretty hot ,” the man say. “ Let’s drink beer”. ……….. ”I wanted to try this new drink. That’s all we do, isn’t it- look at things and try new drinks. ” the woman comments. The drinking of the beer represents the couple’s unusual recreational routine of hanging out together and not really having a serious relationship.

This clearly shows that the girl is tired of doing the same thing and wants a chance of looking forward to something new, and her dissatisfaction with the relationship as a whole. Her intention at the present time is to raise this baby and have a family with him. The hills are the central viewpoint of the story and through this literal sense the conflict of the story is revealed and somewhat understood. The contrasting landscape symbolizes the opinion of the couple and the directions and choices they should take, their contrasting views on this serious situation at hand and more so their future together being in jeopardy.

As stated by Hemmingway, “On this side there was no shade and no trees ……the girl was looking off the line of hills. They were white in the sun and the country was brown and dry”. This reflects the loneliness, devastation and barren effect she would have if she has the abortion which is being discussed as well as the type of relationship they have presently. The story continues with “Across, on the other side, were fields of grain and trees along the banks of the Ebro“, symbolizing fertility, the life that she is carrying within her ,the beauty she admires in her state of pregnancy as well as having a happy life with this man.

She sees opportunity for their relationship. The hills also convey the obstacles this man and woman will face with the baby should they have it. “They look like white elephants,” she says “ I’ve never seen one,” the man replies; She then says, “No, you wouldn’t have”. Although this is a major decision, the woman does not see it as the end of the world nor of their relationship. “Note Hemmingway’s use quote” hills”, not the more difficult to overcome “mountain”. She sees a new life possible while the man looks at the hills and sees nothing.

His vision is only that of an enormous obstacle which is this unborn child and the consequences that comes with it. The fun and adventure which they are currently having will cease as a result of the woman having this baby. As he states “That’s the only thing that bothers us. It’s the only thing that has made us unhappy”. As the title suggest the gentleman is preoccupies with the financial responsibility that would be trusted upon him were they to have this baby hence the title hills like white elephants.

The train station is a symbolic backdrop of the crossroads of life as well as life journeys ahead which they have to make, regarding the abortion. Hemmingway multiple references to the heat signifies to the tense moment, anxiety and time constraints “it was hot and the express from Barcelona would come in forty minutes” They don’t have a lot to time to think this crisis over and cannot not waiting forever. “Hills Like White Elephants” by Ernest Hemmingway is surely a story about a crisis a couple is facing, as illustrated by the symbolism and images presented in the location and the dialogue.

Organizational Ethics Case Assignment 1

Organizational Ethics Case Assignment 1.


ü  Cover page

ü  Table of content

ü  References

ü  Please use 12-point Times New Roman font, 1-inch margins, and double-space

ü  3 sections: Section 1 (Article 1), section 2 (article 2), section 3 (recommnedations)


Please keep in mind that we cannot research our topic (ethics) in isolation. It’s better to think of these journal articles as describing ethics as an “input-process-output” model. This simply means that ethical decision making is impacted by many variables, and in order for us to understand our decisions, we must understand what influences them.


When writing about the articles (i.e., step 2), GO INTO DETAIL.


Proper literature review tips:

1.    The review should follow the flow of the article (but ignore the Methods and Results sections in your review).

2.    Define the key terms, theories, etc.

3.    Do not write or list the hypotheses or propositions. Instead, describe how the author(s) developed these.

4.    The Discussion/Conclusion section(s) will explain what the authors found.

5.    Please make sure that you write this in your own words (do not extensively use direct quotations). Failing to do this (or simply changing adjectives) will be considered a breach of the academic honesty policy. Instead, I suggest you read the article in its entirety (again, skip the Methods/Results sections). Next, read the first section. Then, put the article down and write what you remember. “Clean up” your writing by reviewing the article for any missed concepts. Yes, it is ok to quote key definitions. Other than that, too many quotes will make it a paper of quotes (not your own work).

6.    You will notice that the authors will refer to many other authors. However, you should write everything in terms of the journal articles you’re reading. In other words, don’t include any other authors in your review.




In short, you will:

·         read a case,

·         read three journal articles focused on ethics,

·         provide a (detailed) literature review of two of the journal articles (not the case), and

·         offer recommendations in regards to how the knowledge gained from the journal articles help resolve an issue within the case.


ü  Best of Intentions Case – I will attach

Journal articles:

ü  Gaudine, A., & Thorne, L. (2001). Emotion and ethical decision-making in organizations. Journal of Business Ethics, 31(2), 175-187. I will attach

ü  Ladkin, D. (2006). When deontology and utilitarianism aren’t enough: How Heidegger’s notion of “dwelling” might help organisational leaders resolve ethical issues. Journal of Business Ethics, 65(1), 87-98. I will attach

ü  Schumann, P. (2001). A moral principles framework for human resource management ethics. Human Resource Management Review, 11, 93-111. I will attach


Format of paper*

Gaudine & Thorne (2001) Review

Ladkin (2006) Review



Do not mix reviews. Write completely about Article 1 before moving to Article 2.


Your article reviews should only include the key facts from the article, not examples from your personal experiences or the case.


In the Recommendations section:

1.    Apply Schumann’s (2001) ‘Framework of moral principles’ (Table 1, p.106-07) (I will attach). In other words, if you were Cynthia, what action would you take based on this framework? (While this article should not be included as one of your 2 article reviews, be sure to convince me that you read and understood the article and framework.)

2.    Apply the concepts and theories of the articles you reviewed. What do they tell us about the case? For example, what does Gaudine & Thorne (2001) tell us about the role of emotions in this case.

3.    In general, there are no right/wrong responses. I won’t grade your work on your ability to choose a particular action. Instead, I’m more concerned with your ability to apply (link) what you read/reviewed/learned from the articles. This will help me assess your understanding of the concept.


** Only articles from the following list journal list will be accepted:

Academy of Management Journal

Journal of Organizational Change Management

Academy of Management Review

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

Administrative Science Quarterly

Journal of Psychology

Business Ethics Quarterly

Journal of Vocational Behavior

Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice

Leadership and Organization Development Journal

Human Relations

Leadership Quarterly

Human Resource Management

Management Decision

Journal of Applied Psychology

Organization Science

Journal of Business Ethics

Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes

Journal of Business Research

Organizational Dynamics

Journal of Business Venturing

Organizational Research Methods

Journal of Management

Personnel Psychology

Journal of Organizational Behavior

Strategic Management Journal

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