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The Role of International Companies Analytical Essay

Introduction As asserted by Hodgetts (2003), the societies that we live in are dynamic in nature. As a result, the interaction between the structures that are present within a given societal setting always changes with time. To be particular, the advancement in the field of information and technology has made the world to operate on a global level. This fact has made nations to highly depend on each in order to fulfil their overall goals and objectives. By critically analysing this fact, it is evident that the relationships that nations have towards each other has become a critical factor in determining their overall development and sustainability (Davidson, 2005). Therefore, foreign policies of a given nation play a critical role in safeguarding the national interests of a given state as well as in the realization of its operational goals through the international relations that it has with other states (Caves, 2001). Thus, the study of international relation is important, especially in understanding the operation of contemporary sovereign states, the role played by intergovernmental, inter-nongovernmental, and non-governmental organization and most importantly, the impact of multinational corporations in safeguarding the national interest of a given state as well as realizing its developmental goals and objectives. The industrial and technological development that we are currently experiencing has played a critical role in the growth and development of the global economy. The progressive growth of the Chinese economy can be attributed to the policies and strategies that have been put by the Chinese government as well as the relationship that it has with other nations across the world. With this in mind, this paper will critically analyse the growth and development of the Chinese economy as well as the foreign policies that the Chinese government has put in place to support and regulate this development. The arguments that will be presented in this paper will be supported by international relation theories, specifically realism, institutionalism, and constructivism. Also, a PEST analysis will be conducted to have a clear understanding of the Chinese foreign policies on its economy as well as that of other states around the world. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Literature review Realism, Institutionalism, and Constructivism theories have been widely used to critically analyse the economic growth of China as well as its rise in power over the years especially since the 1990s. A number of studies have been conducted to determine the effects of China’s regional strategy in East Asia. As such, the strengths and weaknesses of these theories have been clearly outlined with regards to this issue. From the studies that have been conducted, it is evident that no single international relations theory can be used to clearly explain China’s regional strategy hence resulting in the increased debates about its true intentions. As such, this paper will critically analyse the international relations of China from the perspectives of realists, institutionalists, and constructivists. As asserted by Cantwell (2001), the theory of realism is based on the following assumptions: The international structure in anarchic in nature Global politics are controlled by sovereign states States have an offensive force (mainly through their military) The main goal of states is to survive States are rational actors States often fail to cooperate Based on these assumptions, it is evident that realism theories often focus on the shift of political power and relations among states within the international stage (Dees, 2008). It is due to this fact that Erramilli (2010) stated that as a given state increases in power, it will strive to change the international system. This change will be through territorial expansion, economic dominance, and political control up to that point whether the marginal costs of the system change will exceed the marginal benefits accrued (Erramilli, 2010). The fact that states live in an anarchic system means that there is no higher authority that they can turn to in an event such as an attack or invasion by other states. All through history, this fact has made states to become uncertain about the intentions of their neighbouring states as well as other states within the global arena. As such, states have been forced to enhance their power as a means of protecting themselves and their interest within the anarchic system that they live in (Broadhaust, 2008) in order to be sustainable. As asserted before in this paper, the main principle of any given state is to be sustainable in the long run. This clearly explains the reason behind the continued need of gaining power by states through political, economic, and social development. We will write a custom Essay on The Role of International Companies specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The theory of institutionalism takes a different approach as compared to that of realism. According to this theory, intergovernmental as well as non-governmental institutions play a critical role in promoting international cooperation among states resulting in social progress (Jun, 2006). Thus, unlike in realism where cooperation between states is seen as an impossible phenomenon, cooperation between individuals, institutions, and states is deemed as being possible under the theory of institutionalism (Gee, 2003). Like in realism, the theory of institutionalism assumes that states live within an anarchic system. However, as asserted by Jun (1996), an increase in economic interdependence and cooperation among states results in a decline in political conflicts and insecurity. Economic interdependence is a term used to define the sensitivity of transaction that take place between two or more nations, hence resulting in socioeconomic development (Behrman, 2002). This interdependence is complex and is characterized by international economic transactions such as the movement of people, the flow of money, exchange of messages through the communication portal and exchange of goods and services across state boundaries that result in reciprocal effects among the involved states. By critically analysing this theory, it is evident that the cooperation that is present between the involved states is sustained by the active participation of intergovernmental institutions as well as non-governmental institutions. As such, it is believed that these institutions play a critical role in sustaining the international relations of the involved states, hence enabling them to protect their interests and achieve their goals and objectives hence guaranteeing their sustainability in the short run and in the long run. On the other hand, the theory of constructivism holds that the he core aspects that are present within the international area among all the states are not objectively determined by the material structures that are present, but by processes and interactions that manifest themselves within the social practice (Kogut and Singh, 2008). Based on this fact, Klein (2011) asserted that the structure of human association that is present in any given societal setting is not determined by material forces but by the shared ideas. It is these shared ideas that construct the identities and interests that manifest themselves within individuals, institutions, and states. Unlike in realism and institutionalism where the anarchic system forces states to resort to self-help due to the lack of an overlooking authority over the states, constructivism purports that causal power within a given system is determined by the structure that is constructed through social practice (Goddal, 2008). From a critical point of view, therefore, it is evident that the theory of constructivism mainly focuses on the role played by norms, identities, and shared understanding between individuals as well as among states. As such, the values, beliefs, and identities that individual states develop play a critical role in influencing their behaviour as well as political ideologies. It is due to this fact that Grebe (2005) asserted that the identity of a given state plays a significant role in determining its interests as well as its actions within the international area. Not sure if you can write a paper on The Role of International Companies by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Through constructivism therefore, one can easily determine the origin of the preferences and interest of a given state, unlike in realism and institutionalism where the key focus only lies on how states pursue their interests and objectives without focusing on the origin of these interests. The case study The case From the second half of the 1960s, the Chinese economy has been growing progressively as compared to many other states in the world. This economic development has made China to become an important player the world stage. After the Asian Financial Crisis, China has been advocating for regional cooperation with its neighbouring states (Balasubramanyan, 2006). Through regional cooperation, China believes that its social and economic status as well as that of the states that will be involved will be enhanced. However, the rise of China as a regional power in East Asia, coupled with its fight for regional development has brought about a lot of debate about its long term intentions within the international community (Cantwell, 2001). There are scholars who believe that China’s activism in East Asia is a means through which the state wants to achieve regional hegemony (Irmer, 2007). However, there are those who believe that China’s efforts aim at achieving economic interdependence and mutual benefits (Cantwell, 2001). This disparity brings about a lot of debate that question the international relations of China. For instance, there is the question as to whether China will continue to be peaceful in nature or will it affect the peace and security of its neighbouring states and the world at large has brought about a lot of debate and speculation. There are scholars who have been keen on the growing Chinese military power and the question whether the nation will use it to realize economic interdependence or for raising a claim over territories beyond its boundaries. Finally, the debate of whether China will embrace the internationally accepted regimes of the world or whether it will challenge the rules and regulations set by the international community has been increasing with the socioeconomic development of China as a state over time. PEST analysis The foreign policy that China has developed to protect its interests as a state as well as to achieve regional cooperation with other states within East Asia and the world at large has an impact in the political, economic, social, and technological structures of the nation. From a political perspective, it is evident that the rise of China as a regional power has enhanced the role it plays within East Asia. In accordance with the realism theory, the anarchic system forces states to compete for power and dominance as a means of surviving and pursuing their national interests (Latta, 1998). This fact thus explains the rapid expansion of the Chinese military as well as the increased influence that this state has over its neighbours. As asserted by Head (2006), China might be planning to push out US forces out of China and East Asia so that it gains full control of the region the same way the USA pushed out European powers from America in the 19th century to gain full control of the region. By holding such a position, China can easily control the structures and resources present within East Asia to achieve its interests and goals. From a constructivist perspective, however, China like any other state has its distinct characteristics that have shaped its unique identity. In accordance with the famous Chinese expression, Daguo jeuqi (the rise of the great power), it is evident that China view itself as a powerful state based from its history and current economic and political status. As such, the nation is seeking cooperation with its neighbouring states to enhance economic interdependence hence resulting in socioeconomic growth. Such a system usually results in a decline in political conflict, an outcome that is in line with the Chinese expression, Daguo guanxi (great power relations). Economically, the Chinese government has come up with a number of policies and strategies that aim at enhancing positive relations with other states as well as safeguarding its domestic markets and industries. In accordance to the theory institutionalization, intergovernmental organizations, non-governmental organizations, and multinational corporations play a critical role in enhancing international relations (KPMG, 2012). As such, China, through its various government and non-governmental agencies have come up with desirable policies that aim at attracting foreign direct investments (FDI) within the nation. In China, (FDI) has been playing a critical role in increasing the productivity levels of a host nation by enabling it to meet its domestic demand. The Chinese government is thus advocating for regional cooperation to increase the benefits of FDI within East Asia, resulting in an increase in the rates of employment, development of infrastructure, reduction in the cost of goods and services and so on (Borensztein, 2008). The enhanced cooperation between China, its neighbouring states as well as other states within the global area has enhanced social relations and interactions between the Chinese people and the rest of the world. This has resulted in sharing and embracing of new cultures within China and the East Asia region. Finally, China has embraced information technology. The nation hosts several manufacturing plants for leading ICT companies in the world such as Toshiba, Microsoft, Nokia, Sony and so on. These MNCs operate in China due to the favourable foreign policies that the state has put in place. Furthermore, collaboration among East Asian states will further enhance the technological development of the region. Holistic review The economic growth of China and its regional strategy has had varied outcomes for individuals, states, as well as on international cooperation. The local Chinese population has benefited through increased employment opportunities that offer better pay and employment terms (KPMG, 2012). There has also been an increased growth in businesses, especially small and medium sized enterprises. On a larger scale, the number of multinational corporations in China has also been increased due to its favourable foreign policies, availability of raw materials and the presence of cheap labour (Grebe, 2005). As a nation, China’s economy has been growing at a tremendous rate since the 1970s due to its favourable international relations that support imports, exports, and FDI resulting in political, social, and economic stability within the nation. Finally, the international relations strategies of China have resulted in increased cooperation between China and other states all around the world. As such, the confidence that other states have with China has been rising over the years and explains the increased FDI. However, the nation’s growth in power has had mixed reactions as to its intentions behind its regional strategy with other East Asian states especially by the states from the West. Conclusion The international relations strategy that a given state has played a critical role in determining the relationship that it will have with other states. The growth of China as a regional power in the East has, however, brought about mixed reactions especially from nations in the West. This is due to the uncertainty of its regional strategy that advocates for regional cooperation. Using realism, institutionalism, and constructivism theories, this paper has found that China’s main aim behind its regional cooperation ambition is to enhance its power and influence in the East as well as to develop great power relations with other states within the region and the world at large. Thus, China’s regional strategy aims at enhancing interdependence through meaningful cooperation to achieve social, political, and economic stability within the East Asia region. References Balasubramanyan, V 2006, ‘Foreign direct investment and growth in EP and IS countries’, Economic Journal, vol. 106, no. 1, pp. 92-105. Behrman, J 2002, The Role of International Companies in Latin America: Autos and Petrochemicals, Lexington Books, Lexington, MA Borensztein, E 2008, ’How does foreign direct investment affect economic growth?’, Journal of International Economics, vol. 45, no. 1, pp 115-135. Broadhaust, L, 2012, ‘Business and the risk of crime in China’, The British Journal of Criminology, vol. 2 no. 3, pp. 15-22. Cantwell, J 2001, ‘A survey of theories of international production’, In C. Pitelis and R. Sugden, The Nature of the transnational firm, pp. 16-63, Routledge, London. Caves, R 2001, ‘International corporations: the industrial economics of foreign investments’, Economica, vol. 38, no. 2, pp. 1-27. Davidson, W 2005, ‘Key characteristics in the choice of international technology transfer mode’, Journal of International Business Studies, vol. 16, no. 3, pp. 5-22 Dees, S 2008, ‘Foreign direct investment in China: determinants and effects’, Economics of Planning, vol. 31, no. 4, pp. 75-194 Erramilli, M 2010, ‘Choice of foreign market entry modes by service firms: role of market knowledge’, Management International Review, vol. 30. no. 1, pp. 135-150 Gee, P 2003, ‘The compelling case for perpetual strategic planning’, Service Line: Eight Essential Rules, vol. 2 no. 3, pp. 62-64. Goddal, S 2008, ‘Foreing dilemmas in China: The case of FDIs in Shangai’, Asia Pacific Business Review, vol. 2 no. 1, pp. 1-21 Grebe, M 2005, ‘Strategic financial planning: What every trustee needs to know about facility replacement’,Trustee, vol. 12 no. 4, 24-28. Head, K 2006, ‘Inter-city competition for foreign investment: static and dynamic effects of China’s incentive areas’, Journal of Urban Economics, vol. 40 no. 8, pp. 38-46. Hodgetts, S 2003, ‘U. S. Multinationals’ expatriate compensation strategies’, Compensation and Benefits Review, vol. 2 no. 1, pp. 57-62. Irmer, B 2007, Human resource capital, Sage, New York. Jun, K 1996, ’The determinants of foreign direct investment in developing countries’, Transnational Corporations, vol. 5 no. 1, pp. 67-105. Klein, R 2011, ‘Compensating your overseas executives: Part three. Exporting U.S. stock option plans to expatriates’, Compensation and benefits review, vol. 6 no. 1, pp. 27-38. Kogut, B and Singh, H 2008, ‘The effect of national culture on the choice of entry mode’, Journal of International Business Studies, vol. 19 no. 2, pp. 411-432. KPMG 2012, The Future of MNCs in China, Silk Road Associates, Hong Kong Latta, M 1998, ‘Expatriate incentives: Beyond tradition’, HR Focus, vol. 75 no. 2, pp. 53-67
Is the Internet the Cause for Higher Sex Trafficking?. Evaluation of “The Internet and Sex Industries: Partners in Global Sexual Exploitation” The sex trafficking of women and children is exceptionally common however is not considered important by individuals who are incognizant in regards to the subject. Professor, Donna M. Hughes composed an article titled “The Internet and Sex Industries: Partners in Global Sexual Exploitation” distributed by the Technology and Society Magazine in 2000, clarifying the seriousness of sex trafficking. Hughes objective was to educate individuals about sex trafficking. She suggested claim of fact, statistics, and claim of significant value to achieve this objective. These systems made the article a solid reference apparatus to utilize because it makes solid claims that are supported by the writer’s skill and verifiable proof; in any case, the article contains faults on this point since it is out of dated. In the article, sexual exploitation refers to all practices by which a person achieves sexual gratification, financial gain through abuse or exploitation of a woman or child by revoking her human right to dignity, equality, autonomy, and physical and mental well-being” (Hughes 562). women and children are generally subjected to sex trafficking when they are confronting destitution, a standing framework, or are experiencing a “troublesome” time. It is easy to compel women and children into the sex industry with violence of prior trauma and money issues. The United States is the main home for Internet pornography (Hughes 563). In the year 2000, pornography was on a lofty ascent without any goals of intrusions from the law or the people. Innovation was a noteworthy hotspot for abusing, promoting and conveying women and children to distorted men. The sex industry is one reason the internet is very popular and has become successful. The Internet was utilized as a part of numerous approaches to spread sex trafficking. Organized prostitution trips turned into a prevalent path for men from rich nations to come to surely understood sex nations to purchase women and children into prostitution. Alan J. Munn ranted about prostitution trips on the Internet in the spring of 1995, getting the word out to visitors. Alan introduced himself and his business as “PIMPS “R” US”, where he offered four days and a three-night trip containing a huge number of sexual delight from female prostitute. After coming back from these visits, men would go to the web, examine their encounters, and clarify the procedure at the end of the day utilizing the Internet to globalize sex trafficking (Hughes 564). The Internet is a cheap way to get all the information regarding your sex business out to the public, soon creating the mail-order bride businesses, which endeavors to introduce men and women of different countries for the purpose of marriage, dating or correspondence “The History of Mail Order Brides”. Mail-Order Brides rapidly turned into a generally benefitted business. Men would go onto the site scanning for a gave spouse whose objective in life was simply to satisfy her man. The mail-order bride website was more popular than the magazine because it was cheaper than print. With the Internet being so cheap and easily accessible, sex trafficking grew (Hughes565). Regularly, there is an expected 20 billion dollars made every year in the sex business. In the year 1996, there was an estimated 9 billion dollars spent solely on the sex industry in the United States alone (Hughes 568). David Schwartz stated that the Internet is where the big money is in an interview during that year (Hughes 568). There was an estimation of around six hundred industrial explicit entertainment sites by the year 1996, collecting a total of 51.5 million US dollars. Rivalry in the sex business has prompted to more frightful and injurious mistreatment of women and children through suppression, torment, savagery, child pornography, live shows, and revolting pictures. These situations are corrupting to the women and children being abused openly for the world to see. (Hughes 565). For the year 2016, this data could be somewhat out of date. The reason is because there is a probability that sex trafficking may not be as high as it was in 2000. Also, there is a probability that the internet is not the largest supplier to help sex traffickers trap women and children. In 2000 the media did its best to cover up sex trafficking and the reality behind it. In the year 2016, the Internet was so effortlessly open that each time you turn there is reliably sex either on television or reality. In the year 2016, sex trafficking has turned out to be less critical to cover up the seriousness of sex trafficking and pornography that individuals feel it is satisfactory to go out and commit various acts of sex trafficking and sex exploitation. The writer Hughes utilized claim of certainty all through her article. Hughes would make a claim and backed her claims by expressing demonstrated facts that can be proven throughout the article. She examined her point and supporters for the privileges of the women and children. Hughes utilizes her platform to further her advantage to get the word out about sex trafficking and the internet. Therefore, to answer my question “is the Internet the reason for higher sex trafficking?” The proper answer would be yes, due to the fact that the internet porn industry is widely expanding and the Internet is mainly being used for sexual exploitation of human beings on private or public websites for either some form of currency or sexual satisfaction. Works Cited Annette T. Rottenberg and Donna Haisty Winchell. Elements of Argument: Bedford/ St. Martin’s. 2000. Pp 562-571. Print. Hughes, Donna M. “The Internet and Sex Industries: Partners in Global Sexual Exploitation”. “The History of Mail Order Brides”. Russian Brides, Latin BridesIs the Internet the Cause for Higher Sex Trafficking?
Innovative Healthcare Delivery Models & Interprofessional Collaboration Discussions.

Discussion Questions: please write separately, these are two separate questions and topics. No title page required. This is an informal paper. However, APA style paragraphs and good grammar is still required.1. (250 words) Explain how interprofessional collaboration will help reduce errors, provide higher-quality care, and increase safety. Provide an example of a current or emerging trend that will require more, or change the nature of, interprofessional collaboration.References:X2 reputable sources no later than 5yrs ago. Please include link to source2. (250 words) Describe one innovative health care delivery model that incorporates an interdisciplinary care delivery team. Explain how this model is advantageous to patient outcomes.References :X2 reputable sources no later than 5yrs ago. Please include link
Innovative Healthcare Delivery Models & Interprofessional Collaboration Discussions

ISO 9000 Non Conformance Report.

Using the audit information below complete the enclosed Non-Conformance Report.On February 5, 2021, you, as the auditor, conducted an ISO 9001:2015 process audit of the ABC Machine Shop production process.In the production area you identified a single caliper, asset number ID #2345, whose label indicated that its calibration had expired. You randomly selected an additional 12 calipers which were all found to be within their calibration dates (IDs 2467, 2756, 3874, 6789, 3409, 3498, 1254, 7684, 3247, 8765, 3456, 1139). You concluded that their measuring and monitoring controls were ineffective. You initiated a Non-Conformance Report (NCR) against ISO 9001:2015 clause 8.5.1c. Since you found only one caliper with an expired calibration date you classified the non-conformance as minor. ABC Machine Shop responded to their section of the Non-Conformance Report:They attributed the cause to human factors. The technician who is using this caliper to accept product, left work abruptly due to illness two days before the caliper’s calibration expired.They determined that Caliper ID 2345 was used at that time to accept the following two machined parts (P/N 34678, S/N 3 and P/N 34678, S/N 4). As a good practice these parts were re-measured and the new measured values were the same as before.The next day it was verified that the caliper was in calibration. A new sticker was affixed to the caliper.On April 3, 2021, a member of Quality, John J., was assigned the task of daily monitoring of the production floor to ensure that there are no measuring instruments with expired calibration dates. On April 4, 2021, ABC Machine Shop conducted a meeting with all production workers who use measuring devices to raise their awareness about devices coming due for calibration and why it is important to their business operations and the Quality Management System.On April 6, 2021, John J. verified that both corrective actions mentioned above were implemented.John J. had maintained a record of all his production floor checks. Over the last 3 months there has not been an incidence of another measuring device with an overdue calibration label. On July 3, 2021 the auditor used the 3 months of error-free data as a means to substantiate that the corrective actions which were put in place are effective in preventing a recurrence.
ISO 9000 Non Conformance Report

Gatsby

Introduction In the book The Great Gatsby, Jay Gatsby is the main character and the protagonist who acquires wealth illegally by trading in stolen securities, crime, and illegal distribution of alcohol. According to Fitzgerald, Gatsby is “a mysterious and wealthy thirty-year-old man who holds extravagant parties every Saturday in his Gothic mansion situated in West Egg” (12). In his turn, Jean Valjean is the title character and protagonist in the book Les Miserables. Jean Valjean comes out as an ex-convict who is struggling with the society’s acceptance after the criminal activities that he had committed before. This paper will compare and contrast the two characters, namely Gatsby in the book The Great Gatsby and Jean Valjean in Les Miserables. Jay Gatsby

discuss various aspects of strategic planning and how it is important to link performance management to strategy. Imagine you are HR executive of your organization

help me with my homework discuss various aspects of strategic planning and how it is important to link performance management to strategy. Imagine you are HR executive of your organization. I don’t understand this Management question and need help to study.

discuss various aspects of strategic planning and how it is important to link performance management to strategy. Imagine you are HR executive of your organization( or any organization you are familiar with) and are responsible for aligning the performance management system to the strategic plan. How would you ensure that your employees’ goals are aligned to the mission and vision statement of your organization? Why will job analysis and developing suitable job description be helpful? What would you do to gain employee support for your new performance management system

discuss various aspects of strategic planning and how it is important to link performance management to strategy. Imagine you are HR executive of your organization

Cedar Crest College MENTAL HEALTH Discussion

Cedar Crest College MENTAL HEALTH Discussion.

Discussion Three-Mental HealthMental health is an area of health care that is often not on parity (similar amount of insurance coverage) as wellness or the treatment of physical conditions. Mental health is often not accessible due to lack of providers, placement of offices or providers not taking certain insurances. In this discussion, please read and share an article that discusses the issues with the American mental health system, thoughts on what can be done and impact on our population with a fragmented and disparate system. (please list title and url of the article). And share your thoughts on issues surrounding mental health care in the U.S.Please also comment on one other student’s thoughts on improvements and addressing issues in mental health. Please use the same guidelines shared in previous discussions.
Cedar Crest College MENTAL HEALTH Discussion

shortcomings/pitfalls associated with the value sensitive design (VSD) methodology

shortcomings/pitfalls associated with the value sensitive design (VSD) methodology. I’m studying for my Computer Science class and need an explanation.

Please write 3 paragraphs with each paragraph containing 5 lines and no plagiarism.
What are some of the shortcomings/pitfalls associated with the value sensitive design (VSD) methodology used for assessing the needs of end users and incorporating impacts on stakeholders? And how you can prevent and/or address those identified shortcomings/pitfalls to allow for effective use of VSD approach?

Please follow APA and intext citations and also add references

Link to Text book — https://www.rug.nl/about-us/who-are-we/sustainability/greenoffice/cursus/myth3/policypracticeanddigitalscience.pdf
shortcomings/pitfalls associated with the value sensitive design (VSD) methodology

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