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The Potential Positive And Negative Socio Cultural Impacts Tourism Essay

Tourism is a product that is produced and consumed at the same time. Tourism affects the economy and lives of communities and has proven to be a lifesaver for many destinations. Impacts occur when tourism changes the value systems/ behavior, threatening native identity and that changes occur in community structure, family relationships, ceremonies, collective traditional styles and morality. Tourism can also cause positive impacts as it can serve as a helpful force for peace, help avoid urban relocation by creating local jobs and foster pride in cultural traditions. The type of tourist will have a differing effect on the host community. The mass tourist is less likely to adapt to the local cultures and will seek amenities and standards found in his home community. On the other hand the independent tourist will adapt more readily. The process of tourism development is very important because the speed and nature of development can be a major influence on the magnitude and direction of socio-cultural changes. The term socio-cultural impacts refer to changes to resident’s everyday experiences, as well as to their values, way of life, and intellectual and artistic products. The positive and negative impacts of tourism on the Cyprus socio-cultural structure has been an issue for a long time. Social impacts can be considered as changes in the lives of people who live in destination communities, which are connected with tourist actions in regard to moral conduct, creative expressions. Cultural impacts can be the changes in the arts, traditional ceremonies, customs and rituals and architecture of people that result from tourism activity. Witt (1991) claims that, “the greater the difference between the host community and the tourists the greater will be the affect of tourism on society”. This presents a challenge to decision makers in regard to the type of tourism that a destination is trying to attract. Thus, for example, at the national level a specific development might be justified on the grounds that it is positive for the society as a whole even if on average it is not positive for the host community. All travelers seek tourism experience, yet very different goals and objectives are required through different roles and behaviors. This occurs because in Cyprus are many different types of tourists. Each type of tourist can be expected to behave differently while visiting a destination. Certain groups can be seen as more exploitive and less sensitive to social and cultural values. Explorers blend into the Cyprus life as local people do and stay longer but they have contact with fewer people than members of a charter tour that moves through Cyprus for shopping or sightseeing. In the case of Cyprus, the tourist policy of the Cyprus Tourism Organization aims to attract middle and high-income class tourists in order to minimize possible resentment between locals and tourists. According to statistics by ‘Eurostat’, Cypriots enjoy a higher standard of living than other regions and the type of tourist that visits the island is not the typical high and middle class income tourist but mostly youngsters who tend to reach their limits once they are abroad. The effects of tourists’ behavior and activities on young people in the area are very noticeable. The increase in drug trafficking and crime are the two major effects of tourism on the local community. Young people tend to spend a lot of their free time away from their families and from community activities since they spend more time in the tourist areas going out clubbing or at bars. As a result, we have an increase in the number of school dropouts and in the number of people smoking at early stages of their age. Cyprus is considered to be one of the few destinations that have controlled tourism well, and it is now repaying the benefits. Cyprus is still an up market destination offering a friendly atmosphere and high quality service. Cyprus has always marketed itself as a prestige resort. Surveys show that many residents see the tourists as a breath of fresh air into the society, economy and life of the locals. The Cyprus Tourism Organization is aiming to keep its high quality and consequently it’s up market clientele by offering excellent facilities and different types of tourism activities such as Agro Tourism, Bird Watching and Cycling. To achieve this selective advertising and promotion are adopted in order to attract this type of customer. The development of the Tourist Industry led to an improvement in the standard of living for the local people in several areas as tourism expenditure increases the income and improve the standard of living and the quality of life for the locals. Tourism also contributes to the development of infrastructure with the building of airports, new roads, restaurants and hospitals, attraction to enable greatest number of citizens to benefit from the cultural, recreational and leisure activities of the tourism sector. Tourism has also aided in arising the interest for art festivals and crafts, for example weaving, embroidery, wood crafting, pottery etc that have been practiced in small villages for hundreds of years. The impact of tourism on the conservation of old buildings is also both positive and negative. Cyprus residents claim that tourists look for and appreciate local architecture and authentic traditional style, so a lot of buildings are being renovated or conserved as mainly tourist attractions, which would have been destroyed by eager owner. On the other hand, old buildings do not have enough capacity to provide accommodation for the growing number of tourists, so they are destroyed to give room to new and large guest houses with appropriate capacity and tourist facilities. The media have described Paralimni and Agia Napa as “a round-the clock neon-lit cosmopolitan mini-metropolis and topless sex capital of Cyprus”. The majority state that tourists have a negative effect on the Cypriot way of life and that tourism changes the traditional culture, also it decreases the lifestyle quality of Cypriots who live in tourist areas. The extreme concentration of tourists resulted in the modification of social attitudes among young people, particularly towards sexual behavior. The European way of living has altered the Cypriot society as younger generations are seeking different values than their families’, and thus resulting in weaker family bonds. A number of researchers examined the link between the perception that tourism contributes to increase in crime and the support for its development. The crime is related to resident perceptions of tourism development. There is also an increase in prostitution and rise in criminal activity and possible anger between local and tourists. Rural population, long term residents, farmers, and younger segments perceive tourism as contributing to an increase in crime especially in the area of Agia Napa. Agia Napa is advertised as a place of great consumption of alcohol, sex, drugs and crime and a great damage caused by thousands of topless beach goers. Moreover the massive arrival of youngsters changed the image of the area from a fun relaxing atmosphere to more of a nightlife entertainment with many nightclubs and discos. As a result, there is an increase in drug trafficking and crime as well as the young generation in Cyprus has started to adopt different set of values on morality and style of dressing which is not acceptable by the older generations. Tourists have altered the Cypriot values and beliefs especially among the young generation and as mentioned before the dress code has changed and nudity is much more acceptable now. In spite of all negative and positive impacts of tourism on the socio-cultural structure of Cyprus it is not yet clear whether the benefits outweigh the costs. In general, the residents of Cyprus have a positive attitude toward tourism. Since the success of tourism depends very much on the human attitudes and behavior of the residents of a destination towards tourists, this seems to be an encouraging result for the future of tourism development. Residents recognize a range of potential positive and negative impacts of tourism however, current attitudes are generally quite positive and there is support for future modest increase in tourism. The tourism development strategy should aim to protect local culture, respect local traditions and promote local ownership and management of programs and projects so as to foster community stewardship of the natural resource base. As integrated processes take time, tourism umbrella organizations should start with voluntary self-restraint, until locally adapted objectives have been reached.
NUTR 295 George Mason University Genetically Modified Food Questions.

Please read the information in the word file and answer the three question below.1) If GMOs are necessary for adequate food supply, how come hunger and food insecurity remain high and increasing in the United States and worldwide? 2) How will GMOs affect the regular food economy? Will farmers of fresh food eventually become obsolete due to not being able to compete on price with food created in a lab, as opposed to food that was raised/grown on a farm?3)How can we know for certain that there aren’t any harmful side effects to consuming GMOs? What would happen if widespread consumption of GMOs happened, and decades later a disease spread from this consumption?
NUTR 295 George Mason University Genetically Modified Food Questions

Table of Contents Sociocultural Context Troubled Teens The Wild One (1953) I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957) Conclusion Reference List Today, teenagers constitute a significant part of the film and cinema audience. The emergence of teens as the film’s target audience began in mid-20th century along with the post-war restructuration of Hollywood (Doherty 2010, p. 1) and other effects of World War II. To attract teenagers to the cinemas and drive-ins, the filmmakers opted to explore different genres and plots that would interest teens, as well as to represent the various aspects and problems of teens’ lives in their films (Jerslev 2008, p. 183). One of the features that many of the 1950s teenpics have in common is the main character’s troubled portrayal. In order to explore the notion of troubled teens in 1950s teenpics, I chose to focus on two films: The Wild one (1953) and I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957). Sociocultural Context The American movie industry before the 1950s aimed to target a broad audience, such as families (Doherty 2010, p. 2). However, in the next two decades, the focus shifted to targeting teenagers instead and to producing movies that would capture the minds of teen audiences, even if they were not suitable for other viewers. This drastic switch was brought by the change to the studio system and the rise of television, Doherty (2010) says: “Since the 1950s, moviemakers have been forced to narrow their focus and attract the one group with the requisite income, leisure, and gregariousness to sustain a theatrical business” (p. 2). It was preferable for most families to stay at home and watch television instead of going out to a theatre. Among other reasons for the sudden decline of the movie industry were the demographic changes and urban transformations brought by World War II. Whereas before the war, young couples constituted a vast part of the movie theatre audience, the fact that a lot of young men did not return from war had an adverse effect on the demand for movie theatres and romance films in particular. Suburbanization of the cities caused many families to relocate to the suburban areas with few movie theatres available (Jerslev 2008, p. 184). There was an option to increase the number of theatres in the suburban areas, but this required a major investment, whereas teenage audiences popularized a cheaper type of theatres: drive-ins (Doherty 2010, p. 92). Drive-ins were not that popular among adults, but teens quickly became appreciative of the idea and by 1959, drive-ins were just as popular as traditional theatres, particularly due to their low cost and privacy: “Suburban parents found that a night out with the kids wasn’t much of a night out, but for ‘the postpubescent set’ the privacy of a drive-in seating held tantalizing possibilities” (Doherty 2010, p. 92). Overall, the juvenilisation of the film audience offered many new opportunities for the filmmakers, both in terms of plots and genres and in terms of distribution channels. Attracting teen audiences allowed for the survival of the entire film industry during the time of severe competition with modern television and substantial demographic changes. Troubled Teens As the teenpics began to dominate the American film industry, the typical romantic or heroic portraits of main characters were substituted for the images of charismatic yet troubled youths: “The anomic screen teens […] expressed the rituals of personal risk (the chickie run in Rebel Without a Cause) and lawlessness (the crimes against property and person in The Blackboard Jungle), a fundamental rejection of adult American society” (Lewis 2005, p. 152). The teens on the screen represented everything that the new American teenagers were aiming to achieve – freedom, attractiveness, and fun. Lewis (2005) also argues that the violence and rebellious attitudes had a lot to do with the teens’ rejection of the adult population and the old order: “Young people’s tendency to form exclusive communities (gangs, clubs, cliques) […] revealed a disillusionment with an adult society that had failed to provide a community big enough, inviting enough to include them” (p. 152). The alienation, therefore, is also a major theme of many teenpics of the time: the characters are left to deal with their problems on their own with no help or guidance from parents of mentors. Contemporary teens could relate to this image well: whereas adults aimed to re-build their pre-war lives, teenagers had no indication of where to go or what to do with their lives. They were left with a goal to form a new society with modern values that would recognize the implications of the war but not perceive them as obstacles to the future development of the society. Both The Wild One (1953) and I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957) explore the themes of alienation, lawlessness, and troubled teens and represent two distinct examples of teen-oriented films. The Wild One (1953) The Wild One is a 1953 Hollywood film starring Marlon Brando as Johny Starbler, a biker gang member who comes to a small town and develops a romantic attraction to Kathie, a quiet yet smart girl working in a local café. The film was directed by Laslo Benedek, who also directed Death of a Salesman (1951). The casting of the popular actor Marlon Brando for the main part has created a major hype around the movie prior to its release: “escaping a hubbub of fast motorcycling, cars crashing, mob fighting and shouting, Brando decelerates the mood, insolent and sportive, his eyes at once evasive and penetrating” (O’Donoghue 2007, para. 4). According to O’Donoghue (2007), it is the clash between Brando’s mannerisms and the film’s ostensible purpose to explore the notion of moral responsibility that creates an impression of The Wild One being a “transposed Western” (para. 6). Based on The Cyclists’ Raid, a story of bikers brutalizing the town of Hollister, California, the film continued the tradition of depicting violence and delinquency that had started in the 1930s (Simmons 2008, pp. 381-382). The initial script was censored out of production; however, minor modifications to the script allowed to begin filming and to show the movie to a broad audience (Simmons 2008, p. 384). Despite the alterations, however, the film received a lot of criticism for its extensive depiction of violence (Simmons 2008, p. 384). At the centre of the critique was the film’s “ugly, debauched and frightening view of a … menacing element of modern youth” (Simmons 2008, p. 384). Many people felt as though the film would only be approved by the outlaw juveniles that would see their reflection in the main character (Simmons 2008, p. 34). Moreover, the distribution of the film to foreign countries was questionable due to the controversial representation of American values in the film: “Images of slums, poverty, greed, and racism did little to foster respect for America abroad. Teenage violence was even worse” (Simmons 2008, p. 35). However, behind the seemingly strong focus on violence and crime was the exploration of themes that were familiar and relatable to the teen audience of the 1950s, such as alienation and rebellion. Despite being a member of a biker gang, the main character is distinguished right from the start. The movie begins with his voice-over, which clearly states that this is his story, not the story of the gang or the events that occurred in town. For the duration of the story, Johny is distinguished from the rest of the gang, not because he is a leader but rather because he does not fit with other bikers. For example, he is reluctant to break Chino out of jail until his friends convince him to do so. This scene makes it evident that Johny loves the biker lifestyle, but he is not that much of an outlaw in his heart as other bikers are. This is clear from his relationship with Kathie, who tries to understand him and who sees a different side to him. For instance, even though Johny and Kathie had a couple of pleasant interactions at the beginning of the movie, there is a scene in the bar where Johny speaks to Kathie’s father and deliberately acts rude, later telling the girl that he does not like cops. This is both an act of rebellion and an act of deliberate alienation: throughout the movie, Johny tries to push Kathie away in order to maintain his tough biker image. Despite having an opportunity to stay in town, he leaves Kathie in the end, continuing his journey with the rest of the gang, thus choosing loneliness and rebellious lifestyle over a quiet suburban life – a notion familiar to many American teens of the 1950s. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957) I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957) is an exploitation film starring Michael Landon and directed by Gene Fowler Jr. The film became the most successful title of the production company American International Pictures (AIP) and generated an impressive box office of 2 million dollars (Doherty 2010, p. 131). Merging the genres of teenpic and horror film, I Was a Teenage Werewolf became one of the most prominent low-budget teenpics released in the late 1950s (Davis 2006, p. 55). As Doherty (2010) claims, I Was a Teenage Werewolf “owes most success to its title, timing, and perfectly executed exploitation campaign” (p. 132). More importantly, however, it offered an insight into the lives of teens and built awareness about the teenage subculture and tastes in the general audience (Doherty 2010, p. 132). The plot follows the story of a high school outcast Tony, who exhibits various behavioural problems and is transformed into a werewolf by a local psychologist’s experimental serum. In three transformations, Tony kills four people, including two school students and later the psychologist and his assistant. While still in the werewolf form, he is shot to death by the police. I Was a Teenage Werewolf (1957) explores similar themes to The Wild Ones (1953), although, perhaps, not as explicitly. Focused rather on the action and the horror than on character exploration and development, the film aims to show the inside of the teenagers’ world and to address various age-specific issues, alienation and rebellion being among them. The opening scene shows him being beaten up by a fellow student. Later on, it is revealed that Tony was the one who initiated the incident and that it was not the first time he had a fight with someone at school. However, despite his violent demeanour, throughout the film, Tony is depicted as a victim rather than as an offender. He is turned into a werewolf against his will, he is abandoned by his girlfriend, and his schoolmates only pay attention to him when he starts a fight. He is the definition of a troubled teen, which is why his image is somewhat relatable for the teenage audience. Mistrust towards authority is one of the instances of rebellion that are shown in the movie, as a respected psychologist working with the police turns out to be a mad scientist running secret tests on his patients. The police itself is hardly helping the main character when he struggles to regain some self-control and to confront the scientist about the experiments. Due to the character’s loneliness, the resolution of the film is abrupt and tragic, even though the central villain is punished by death. A hot-headed teen falls victim to the system’s failure, which supports the urge for rebellion and change in the teen audience. Conclusion In spite of the differences in plot and setting, both stories answer to the needs of the teen population of the 1950s. Both titles explore the notions of alienation and authority struggle, which are familiar to the audience, and create an attractive picture to ensure the substantial interest. The structure and themes of both films target the teens specifically, with much less regard for other audiences, like families or older adults. This is justified by the sociocultural context of the 1950s, when the aftermath of World War II left teenagers as the most profitable target audience for the mass film industry. Reference List Davis, H H 2006, ‘I was a teenage classic: literary adaptation in turn-of-the-Millennium teen films’, The Journal of American Culture, vol. 29, no. 1, pp. 52-60. Doherty, T 2010, Teenagers And Teenpics: Juvenilization Of American Movies, Temple University Press, Philadelphia. We will write a custom Essay on The American Movie Industry Since 1949 specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More I was a teenage werewolf 1957, film, United States: American International Pictures. Jerslev, A 2008, ‘Youth films: transforming genre, performing audiences’, in K Drotner
De Anza College Physical Characteristics of The Thylacine Analysis Paper.

I’m working on a environmental science question and need a sample draft to help me understand better.

1) Describe the natural history and unique physical characteristics of the thylacine. What it ate, where it lived, and what did it look like? What were the reasons or factors that caused them to eventually go extinct?2) Considering the solutions discussed in the lecture, in your opinion, what could have been done to stop the extermination of the thylacine? Can you think of another predator today that is being exterminated as a result of man’s fear and ignorance? hint: they are an American species just recently introduced to the Northern Rocky Mountains. Do a google search and write about this current issue. Who? Where? Why?3)Describe the artwork of John Audubon and Walton Ford. How do their styles and content exemplify the time periods they lived in? What does Walton Ford try to convey in his work about historic artists and society?4) Write about your thoughts on the theory that we are headed for the 6th mass extinction. Explain what is meant by the 6th mass extinction. Why should we care?
De Anza College Physical Characteristics of The Thylacine Analysis Paper

Disorder: (Alzheimer’s disease) Develop a 5- to 10-slide PowerPoint presentation that addresses the following: Describe your selected disorder, as well as associated alterations. Explain the pathophysiology of the alterations, including changes that occ

Disorder: (Alzheimer’s disease) Develop a 5- to 10-slide PowerPoint presentation that addresses the following: Describe your selected disorder, as well as associated alterations. Explain the pathophysiology of the alterations, including changes that occ. Can you help me understand this Nursing question?

Identify alterations associated with your selected disorder. Consider the pathophysiology of the alterations. Think about how these alterations produce pathophysiological changes in at least two body systems.
Reflect on how patient factors such as genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, and behavior might impact the pathophysiology of the alterations you identified, as well as the diagnosis and treatment of your selected disorder.
Review the “Mind maps—Dementia, Endocarditis, and Gastro-oesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)” media in the Week 2 Learning Resources. Use the examples in the media as a guide to construct a mind map for the disorder you selected. Consider the epidemiology and clinical presentation of your selected disorder.

To Complete


(Alzheimer’s disease)

Develop a 5- to 10-slide PowerPoint presentation that addresses the following:

Describe your selected disorder, as well as associated alterations. Explain the pathophysiology of the alterations, including changes that occur in at least two body systems.
Explain how genetics, gender, ethnicity, age, and behavior might impact the pathophysiology of the alterations you identified, as well as diagnosis and treatment of your selected disorder.
Construct a mind map for the disorder you selected. Include the epidemiology, pathophysiology of alterations, risk factors, and clinical presentation, as well as the diagnosis and treatment of the disorder

Disorder: (Alzheimer’s disease) Develop a 5- to 10-slide PowerPoint presentation that addresses the following: Describe your selected disorder, as well as associated alterations. Explain the pathophysiology of the alterations, including changes that occ

Check out: The article lists out the top workout apps. Using any two and only two of the

cheap assignment writing service Check out: The article lists out the top workout apps. Using any two and only two of the apps listed in the website above, explain whether you agree or disagree with the author of this article, and why. Feel free to download and click around on the apps. Think about: are these apps well-designed? Do these apps do a good job of supporting fitness as well as “teaching” the audience what the app is all about and how to use it? Note for instance goals, audience, look and feel, functionality, navigation, content, features, overall tone, buttons. For your essay, specifically answer: Which of these two apps (of the ones you choose) is more effective? Support your argument with a clear rationale—including detailed observations and analyses of the two app examples. Now choose the app that is less effective. Name 1-2 ways you would redesign this app to be more effective. Note: You may have to download the apps onto your mobile device. Make sure you clearly analyze each app and use your analysis to support your argument. Make sure to use at least 2 citations (primary source) from class or beyond (Marist Library) to support your argument/findings. Provide the works cited at the end of this specific essay.

Development of Personality Essay

Development of Personality Essay.

use theories from three of the chapters in the last half of our class to explain your personality, and contrast those views with the psychodynamic interpretations in your first essay.Do not rely solely on the text. At a minimum, cite four additional (peer reviewed) referencesin APA format in addition to our textbook. Use personality assessment or tests where useful to make a point about yourpersonalityFull assignment is 8 pages, which includes a title page and a reference page. Thisallows for 5 pages of actual content.Paraphrase rather than quote, and when quoting, no more than a few lines (2-3)embedded in the text. Give a page number for directquotes.Visual aids (any graphics: tables, pictures, graphs) must be part of appendices after thereference page and not included within the text. In the text, refer to appropriate appendix and fig. or table (e.g., see appendix). While appreciated, these are not counted toward the pages of yourassignment.One-inch margins (allaround)Fonts: Arial, Calibri, Times Roman or Courier New, size 12 or smaller—no bold oritalics.Note: The teacher wants a similar essay as first personality essay, but in this one we will use terms mentioned in the two new power points I’ve sent to youI am a male, oldest between my siblings. This taught me a lot of empathy and understanding towards others. Also, having younger brother with down syndrome motivated me to study psychologyRequirements:Good writing: Thorough and well-written with theory-specific vocabularyElaborate non-western (e.g. Buddhist Psychology) approaches to the study of personalityExplain the relationship between “personality” and various types of intelligence (e.g. emotional)Compare and contrast transitory or acute dysfunctionality and more permanent or chronic dysfunctions of “personality”Non-western ideas and transcendence models of “personality.” Mental health and non-western definitions of “dysfunctionality.” Correlation between “intelligence” and “personality.”An introduction to the chapter and section on Albert EllisAn introduction to psycholinguistics as it relates to personalityIntroduce evidence-based approaches to the study of personalityExplain gender differences in the study of personalityDiscuss functional and dysfunctional aspects of personality in a variety of contextsDescribe how culture influences the development, study, and interpretation of personality
Development of Personality Essay

Yonsei University Non Square Rectangular Boards for the Knights Tour Python Program

Yonsei University Non Square Rectangular Boards for the Knights Tour Python Program.

I’m working on a python question and need a sample draft to help me study.

Only need to do knights tour and needs to run on python fileWhen testing, you may have to delete findLargestFile(path) knightsTour(rows, cols) # with backtracking [50 pts] [autograded]First, read about the Knight’s Tour problem here. Next, write the function knightsTour(rows, cols) that takes a non-negative int n and returns a 2d list of a knight’s tour on an rows-by-cols board, or None if this does not exist. This is a slight generalization since here we will allow non-square rectangular boards.Following these instructions, knightsTour(4, 5) should return a legal 4×5 knight’s tour, such as this one:[
[ 1, 14, 5, 18, 7],
[10, 19, 8, 13, 4],
[15, 2, 11, 6, 17],
[20, 9, 16, 3, 12]
undefinedNote that it is possible for some dimensions that there is a legal knight’s tour, only not one starting at the top-left corner. You will have to account for that in your solution.Also: backtracking can be slow, and your solution will probably not run fast enough after 6-by-6 or so. That’s ok. :-)Optional extra challenge: speed this up! There are techniques that can make this work fast enough for somewhat larger boards (though they still bog down eventually). You can do some pondering of your own, or some internet sleuthing, but in any case, try to make this run faster. Or not, since it is optional.
Yonsei University Non Square Rectangular Boards for the Knights Tour Python Program