The National Critical Infrastructure. (Select and respond to one question for Week 2) 3.) What is your reaction to

The National Critical Infrastructure. (Select and respond to one question for Week 2)

3.) What is your reaction to Riedman’s thesis in his journal article? Make sure to provide a balanced assessment, evaluating specific points or elements (if any) that you find accurate or reasonable, and those (if any) that you consider misguided, unrealistic, objectionable, or lacking supporting evidence. Overall, do you agree that terrorist groups lack the capabilities or incentive to attack our national critical infrastructure? Why, or why not? Have there actually been more attempted or successful attacks against our critical infrastructure than Riedman acknowledges? If so, provide specific examples of major incidents, or types of incidents. If not, what might motivate terrorist groups to conduct large-scale attacks against CI facilities, systems, or sectors, and who would be the most likely aggressors?

4.) Considering that many sources estimate that about 85% of our nation’s critical infrastructure is owned and operated by the private sector, what do you believe are the appropriate roles and responsibilities of the federal, state and local governments and the private sector, respectively, in terms of security for critical infrastructure key resources? Are there any practical and defensible incentives that the government should offer private industry to enhance security, or are strict mandates and regulation the answer? What, if any, circumstances would require the government to assume full responsibility and expense for protection of any particular CI/KR sector, system or facility? If you were a senior industry representative (e.g. CEO, corporate security director, or executive director of a trade or industry association) called to testify before a Congressional committee about enhancing security in any of the CI/KR sectors in which you operate, what would you recommend in terms of national policy?[supanova_question]

Critically discuss the possible economic causes of changing income inequality in the UK.

Critically discuss the possible economic causes of changing income inequality in the UK..

Essay title: Critically discuss the possible economic causes of changing income inequality in the UK. (1100 words)


You must only use the references below for your essay and they must be appropriately

cited in your essay. You must not use Google or any other references. 


You should read all the references listed, otherwise your essay will not contain all the

relevant information. You will not obtain a good mark if you do not produce a balanced

essay, which incorporates all the major possible causes of increasing income inequality.


This essay is not about income inequality, it is about why income inequality has changed.

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. Use Stuart Hall’s encoding/decoding model to write a partial analysis of either “Eighth Grade” or “Sorry to Bother You.” Explain one aspect of encoding and one aspect of decoding as they attach to either film.

The National Critical Infrastructure. (Select and respond to one question for Week 2) 3.) What is your reaction to . Use Stuart Hall’s encoding/decoding model to write a partial analysis of either “Eighth Grade” or “Sorry to Bother You.” Explain one aspect of encoding and one aspect of decoding as they attach to either film..




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LIT 281 Midterm Exam


Write a 750-word (about 3 pages) response to each question.


Due: Friday, October 19 by the end of the day (11:59 pm, submit your answers on Blackboard)


Your answers should not be formal essays. You can skip introductions, conclusions, and all “filler.” Your answer should be formatted this way:


·         Paragraph 1: ANSWER THE QUESTION (or state your response’s main point)


·         Use the rest of your answer paragraphs to explain as precisely as you can how you get to that answer. Do this by interpreting textual evidence and then explaining the ways in which your interpretation(s) of your evidence supports your answer. Show your thinking. The goal is not the “correct” answer; the goal is an analysis that reveals your thinking. Your ability to move through and document your thinking process is key here.


Obviously, Paragraph 1 (your answer stated clearly) cannot be written until you know your answer. Don’t try to formulate your answer backwards, i.e. don’t write an answer that requires you to then, after the fact of your answer, make evidence “fit” your answer. Figure out what you know using textual evidence first so that you come to a strong answer, an answer that truly reflects what you know and think. Writing that first paragraph last might be a good idea—depending upon your own study and writing habits of course.


Watch out for repetition and/or a lack of interpretation of textual evidence. Use language fully and yet economically (this cuts down on repetition). Think hard about the textual evidence you use to make sure you’re using the right evidence to support your response and explain how you understand the textual evidence as leading to, or being a part of, your overall argument.


1. Use Stuart Hall’s encoding/decoding model to write a partial analysis of either “Eighth Grade” or “Sorry to Bother You.” Explain one aspect of encoding and one aspect of decoding as they attach to either film. Then use those 2 aspects of Hall’s model to describe what happens at the determinate, discursive moment in which meaning materializes (when those 2 aspects you’ve chosen to interrogate meet). So, your first paragraph (answer) should explain how these 2 aspects, when considered together, make X, Y, or Z meaning(s) occur. The Hall essay is key here, so know it well.


2. Watch the trailer for the film “55 Steps.” The text from which you will derive your answer to this question is this trailer (also often called a “preview)—not the full-length film. So, take this trailer as your text. Use one of the following quotations from thinkers you have studied so far in the course as a way of thinking through the text, analyze an aspect of the trailer. Again, your first paragraph should contain a succinct but thorough description of the results of your analysis.


…each new class which puts itself in the place of one ruling before it, is compelled,

merely in order to carry through its aim, to represent its interest as the common interest of

all the members of society, that is, expressed as an ideal form: it has to give its ideas the

form of universality, and represent them as the only rational, universally valid ones.

            Karl Marx, “The German Ideology”


A style might be called artificial which is imposed from without on the refractory impulses of a form. But in the culture industry every element of the subject matter has its origin in the same apparatus as that jargon whose stamp it bears.

            Adorno and Horkheimer, “The Culture Industry: Enlightenment as Mass Deception”


What is represented in ideology is therefore not the system of the real relations which govern the existence of individuals, but the imaginary relation of those individuals to the real relations in which they live.

            Louis Althusser, “Ideology and Ideological State Apparatuses (Notes towards an Investigation)”

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Tthe overriding importance of personalistic politics and individual loyalties in determining who gets to the top and how power is excercised.

Tthe overriding importance of personalistic politics and individual loyalties in determining who gets to the top and how power is excercised..

 You don’t have to read all the articles, just read the part you think you will need for answer the question. “the overriding importance of personalistic politics and individual loyalties in determining who gets to the top and how power is excercised. Do you agree with it or disagree?”

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Patient choice

Patient choice.

Opposing Viewpoints Paper The purpose of this project is to assist you in presenting both sides of an issue in a well-researched, logical manner. Doing so requires the ability to critically analyze all potential arguments for or against an issue. Hint: download attached paper template to guide you. Topic Options ◦Patient Choice ◦Climate Change and Health ◦Right to Healthcare ◦Housing the Homeless as a Health Issue ◦Consent Culture Education in Public Schools Narrow Your Topic The above are broad topics, and you might need to narrow your topic considerably. For example, you could focus on patient choice with insurances or choosing medical providers, or patient choice in surgical options, or patient choice in medication options, etc. Your Task: Write a 800-1800 word research essay presenting opposing viewpoints for the topic selected. Use your critical thinking skills to present the different perspectives in a clear and thoughtful manner. Use Headings Use headings to clearly organize your paper. Include the following headings: ◦Introduction ◦Arguments For ◦Arguments Against ◦Conclusion ◦References Thesis Have a clear thesis statement as the last sentence in your introduction paragraph. Topic Sentences Use clear topic sentences at the beginning of each body paragraph. All other sentences in that paragraph need to directly relate to this topic sentence. Write in 3rd Person Point-of-View No second person (you, your), and no first person (I, me, my, mine), or combination of those (we, us, our). Third person is he, she, it, they, researchers, doctors, sociologists, patients, adults, dogs, cats, rocks (third “person” isn’t limited to people). When you are stating what you believe are good ideas, you do not have to say “I believe that” or “it is in my experience…” Avoid Bias. This paper must be based on research, using critical thinking, and focused on the topic itself. Avoid using biased sources. This is easier said than done! Any source could have a potentially biased slant, so use your critical thinking skills. Places to locate articles/information with limited bias: ◦Peer-reviewed journals through the Gurnick Library. This is your best option! ◦Reuters ◦Associated Press ◦Pew Research ◦NPR ◦Al Jazeera ◦C-SPAN (watch the original recordings yourself instead of relying on second-hand summaries) If you want to use a source obtained from a location other than those specifically listed above, ask your instructor first. You can also visit sites such as All Sides and that present opposing viewpoints on topics to explore the biases on purpose, which can be helpful for this paper. Sometimes these sites are good for getting ideas, and you then find other sources for your research. When presenting a biased view, be clear in your own paper that this is a biased view as opposed to being presented as fact. You can do this by including phrases such as “___’s perspective is that___” or, “One fear expressed by [group name] is that ____.” Remember, you are writing as the objective outsider Be Current At least four sources must have been published within the past 7 years. Of those, at least one source must have been published no more than 24 months before the date this paper is submitted. If you have more than four sources that you actively use within your paper (meaning you cite these sources in the body of the paper), then it is possible to get permission to use a source older than 5 years. Contact your instructor with any request to use an older source. Your paper will include the following: ◦Cover page ◦Introduction – one or more paragraphs, with a clear thesis statement. 100-300 (or more) words total ◦Body: ◦Two or more body paragraphs stating the arguments for the topic – 100-300 words each paragraph ◦Two or more body paragraphs stating the arguments against the topic – 100-300 words each paragraph ◦Conclusion – one (very well-developed) or more paragraphs. 100-300 (or more) words total. Suggestions: restate the current situation, discuss upcoming developments such as legislation, propose ways this conversation could move forward – including suggesting additional research that could be done, etc. Hint: For the conclusion, think of yourself as a diplomat who is offering suggestions based on the research you presented in the body paragraphs. ◦References page with at least four reputable sources. ◦Use in-line citations throughout your paper to cite your sources. Each source on the references page must be used at least once in the paper. Be sure to review the Final Paper Rubric that will be used to assess your paper for details. Also view the APA Template – a resource to help you with formatting. This is a generic template that you will need to adjust for your purposes.

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675 3-2 Data Analysis

675 3-2 Data Analysis.

 The following article: Wonder Why Prisons Stay Full When Crime Goes Down? Here’s the Real Reason. Based on your chosen article, complete a journal assignment in which you thoroughly address the following questions: 1. What is the purpose of data analysis within the field of criminal justice? 2. How does proper data analysis assist the criminal justice professional in performing daily activities? 3. Are there additional ways that data analysis can improve the daily routine of a criminal justice professional? Guidelines for Submission: Submit assignment as a Word document with double spacing, 12-point Times New Roman font, and one-inch margins. Your journal assignment must be 2 PAGES with sources cited in APA format. Journal assignments in this course are private between you and the instructor.

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Technology and Levels of Government.

Technology and Levels of Government..

 NIMS Supporting Technology Evaluation Program For this assignment, you will research and examine an actual emergency situation of your choosing (either a man-made or natural disaster) occurring within the last 8 years that required interaction among the local, state, and national levels. The research and examination should be reported in a paper written from the position of a local emergency management employee assigned to draft a report to the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). This assignment will require research into the authority, responsibility, and technological capabilities of FEMA. Within the past 8 years, there have been many catastrophes, not necessarily involving terrorist acts but requiring crisis management resources. Examples include Hurricane Katrina; the 2010 oil well explosion and oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico; the broken natural gas pipeline and resulting explosion in San Bruno, California; and major wildfires in California, Colorado, and other states, to name a few.

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The Palestinian and Israeli conflict from a Marxist perspective

The Palestinian and Israeli conflict from a Marxist perspective.

The Palestinian and Israeli conflict from a Marxist perspective.

6 pages based on the conflict based on a Marxist perspective. The files will have the rubric and a more in depth explanation of the assignment

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POLS0010 Data Analysis

POLS0010 Data Analysis.

Assessment Part 1 This assessment tests your ability to think about the ways data can be processed and analysed. The task is to write a simple function in R. The function itself should perform one or a number of spatial analysis routines, and produce an output file and/or visualisation of a dataset we have used in class or that you have sourced yourself. You should submit the code with your R Script file. Examples will be provided in class. Things to consider:

1. The final function should address a clear problem and turn the raw data into information.

2. You may wish to integrate the plotting of data into the function but this may not always be appropriate. 3. The function should offer a number of clearly explained parameters for the user to adjust if they wish to experiment with a range of results. The accompanying write-up should take the form of a manual for the function’s use. It should include: 1. A flow diagram to demonstrate the sequence of steps in the function. 2. Explanation of the R object format required – such as what variables are required. 3. A worked example of the function in action. You may also wish to include: 1. The need for such a function to be written and rationale for your approach. 2. A description of the data used to demonstrate the function

3. The scientific basis and brief description of the analysis implemented. 4. Testing you have performed to ensure the outputs are reliable. 5. Potential applications of the function beyond those demonstrated. 6. Limitations.

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