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The Movement for Black Equality: Its Successes and Failures

The period between the 1950s and 1960s was established as a point for the progression of rights for African Americans. The involvement of all kinds of individuals, such as religious groups, students, Whites, and politicians (with questionable and deceitful intentions) helped to bring awareness to the efforts towards the end of segregation and racial prejudice by strides. The obvious successes, such as the introduction of equal job opportunities, the protection of Black voting rights, and desegregation of public facilities, brought forth a tremendous change that would benefit people of color within White society. However, failures, such as the violence towards people of color by law enforcement, false representation of the African American in the media, and the loopholes within segregation and voting rights legislation being practiced within the North and South, gave the period even more difficulty in the fight for Black equality. While these difficulties continued to peak within the 50s and 60s, Black movement groups such as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), Southern Christian leadership Conference (SCLC), radical groups such as the Black Panther Party (BPP), became committed towards direct action—nonviolent or violent. Yet, this commitment was not enough towards the progress of the movement. With the civil rights movement, its fight began through tumultuous tides. The media played a tremendous factor in the depictions of the movement. Through national news television coverage, individuals throughout the nation were able to witness the violence behind the pursuit of equality. Martha Biondi, in her work The Black Revolution on Campus, states, that with the introduction of the media into the affairs of Black civil rights, all the good and bad became spotlighted for all the world to see. The explosion of Black student activism in 1968 took many observers by surprise. Earlier in the decade, the violence unleashed by whites on nonviolent protestors in the South riveted a national television audience. Now, television news gave daily coverage to African American college students assertively seeking social change, but the images were often unsettling: violent clashes between Black students and the police…[1] Additionally, while national television did assist in the transformation of the movement’s image to highlight its struggles and strengths, it was also often times dispiriting and villainizing of the African American image.. However, through this medium, the want for equality was not to be desired and advocated by just African Americans, but it became progressively mainstream for all individuals in the United States to want. With this, we see the succeeding of the movement through the legislature and judicial victories. This was made possible through organized rallies, like that of the March on Washington in 1963, and public figures such as Martin Luther King Jr., and students who organized sit-ins and voting right movements—such as Diane Nash. Through the case of Brown v. Board of 1954, in which the Supreme Court ordered the desegregation of all public spaces, we see the battle taken by Blacks to upend segregationist policies within academia in the South—“Their refusal to compromise revealed that they were oppressive and that they did not care about the education for black people. Their unreasonableness highlighted the justice as well as the courage of blacks who dared to oppose them. Their unfairness was central, not only to the chain of events leading to Brown v. Board of Education, but also to the more militant civil rights movement of later years.”[2] Moreover, with the Voting Rights Act of 1965 and the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the banning of segregation in all public spaces, the upholding of fair and equal employment opportunities, and the protection of Black citizens voting rights were passed through legislative procedure. With these civil rights successes, laws, and judicial rulings it affirmed and set into place the ability for African Americans to enjoy the fruits of their labor, and create congressional impact throughout the nation, in the 1970s. Steven Lawson, in Running for Freedom, iterates, “blacks expected their faith in the electoral system to be suitably rewarded. Not only did they deserve to obtain the traditional spoils of victory—jobs and appointments—but they also sought to influence the setting of a public policy agenda…”.[3] Through the policy of Affirmative Action, the special preference and reservation of jobs within academia, the government, and other numerous fields were geared towards people of color. Although, with these successes also came among the failures. While the civil rights movement brought progress for African Americans, it simultaneously failed to bring progress in the Northern region of the United States, and failed to bring forth long-term advancement. Professor Theoharis, within her work A More Beautiful and Terrible History, discusses how the end of segregation and discrimination throughout academia fails to be enforced within Northern regions of the nation. According to Batson, in the years following the Supreme Court’s landmark decision in Brown v. Board of Education, ‘Northern states were very smug’ and did not think the decision applied to them. In the early 1960s, the Boston NAACP tried to persuade the Massachusetts Commission Against Discrimination (MCAD) to recognize the existence of racial segregation in Boston’s schools. But MCAD refused, claiming that racial segregation was not a problem in the city. While the existence of public commissions such as MCAD seems to attest to a more open racial climate in Massachusetts and did provide openings at other junctures for advancement, its unwillingness to investigate institutions such as the Boston Public Schools—and its proclamation that they were, to the contrary, not segregated—protected the city’s discriminatory practices.[4] While laws such as the Civil Rights Act of 1964 essentially outlawed discrimination in all public accommodations, it only targeted the Southern regions. The North claimed to have no segregation occurring within its expanse. Whereas segregation seemed to be rid of within the South, it was (and still is) widely practiced by different means within the North. The effects of segregation within ‘liberal’ and Northern states “worsened in New York City schools in the decade after Brown, particularly in response to large-scale Black and Puerto Rican migration to the city… ‘It is alarming to observe that over so long a period of time, and in the face of so many resolutions, not a single Negro school in Brooklyn has been desegregated’”.[5] In the North, with the lack marches, masked racial violence, and even the villainization of Black people by the media, such as the Harlem 9, it gave way for the North to not abide by anti-segregationist policies. Furthermore, failure in solid Black leadership consequently led to the failing of the movement. The want for ultimate control by numerous civil rights groups, such as the SNCC, CORE, SCLC, and the NAACP, eventually led to the division within the ranks and the confusion on a single and clearer picture. Additionally, with the aid of governmental institutions, like that of the FBI and its counterintelligence program (COINTELPRO), it helped to sow factions and discredit the Black cause within America—such as the BPP. Veteran protestor of the civil rights movement, and member of the NAACP and its youth corps during 1959 through 1965, states, “there were failures in the P.R., in that we did not get our message out clearly enough. There were failures in the leadership of the movement, because we had different groups taking charge, SNCC, CORE, NAACP, Southern Christian Leadership, and all were well meaning but confusing to the members of the movement. Finally, when SNCC insisted upon whites leaving the movement, it did not help but hurt in general. When Doctor King was murdered, many of us felt abandoned by the rest of the leadership.”[6] Despite the success of establishing legislation for economic and job opportunity, the Black civil rights movement failed in transforming the lives of African Americans, who were active participants in the struggle for freedom, long-term. Lawson states, after the election of Ronald Reagan, “Troubled by these political splits, African-Americans had even more to worry about in the hard times that had befallen many residents of their communities, Between 1975 and 1980, the median income of blacks…dropped three points to 58 percent…poverty among blacks was also greater than for whites, and the situation was deteriorating.”[7] Despite the entrenched laws to promote Black success economically and politically, discrimination towards Blacks still continues to persist. Regardless of the decades of policies, marches, judicial decisions, and protests, the economic disparity still continues to define the majority of Black lives. Bibliography Anderson, Patricia. “What Were the Failures of the Civil Rights Movement?” Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement. Accessed May 18, 2019. Biondi, Martha. “Chapter 1: Moving toward Blackness: The Rise of Black Power on Campus.” In The Black Revolution on Campus. Berkeley: University of California Press, (2014). Lawson, Steven F. Running for Freedom Civil Rights and Black Politics in America since 1941. New York: McGraw Hill (1997). Patterson, James T. Brown v. Board of Education: a Civil Rights Milestone and Its Troubled Legacy. New York: Oxford University Press (2010). Theoharis, Jeanne. A More Beautiful and Terrible History: The Uses and Misuses of Civil Rights History. Beacon (2019). [1] Biondi, Martha. “Chapter 1: Moving toward Blackness: The Rise of Black Power on Campus.” In The Black Revolution on Campus. Berkeley: University of California Press (2014), 13. [2] Patterson, James T. “Brown v. Board of Education: a Civil Rights Milestone and Its Troubled Legacy.” New York: Oxford University Press (2010), 37. [3] Lawson, Steven F. “Running for Freedom Civil Rights and Black Politics in America since 1941.” New York: McGraw Hill (1997), 193. [4] Theoharis, Jeanne. “A More Beautiful and Terrible History: The Uses and Misuses of Civil Rights History.” Beacon (2019), 127. [5] Theoharis, A More Beautiful and Terrible History, 118. [6] Anderson, Patricia. “What Were the Failures of the Civil Rights Movement?” Veterans of the Civil Rights Movement. Accessed May 18, 2019. [7] Lawson, Running for Freedom, 199-200.
Southern New Hampshire University Importance of Communication in the STEM Field Essay.

I’m working on a information technology discussion question and need guidance to help me learn.

OverviewBusiness and STEM leaders have repeatedly stated that learning to communicate well is a key skill needed to be successful (Jensen, 2012). “Research carried out by the Carnegie Institute of Technology shows that 85 percent of your financial success is due to . . . your personality and ability to communicate, negotiate, and lead . . . only 15 percent is due to technical knowledge” (Nelson, n.d.).PromptTo complete this activity, write a short paper based on the claim that information technology professionals should excel in their communication skills.In your paper:Define academic, professional, and technical communication in your own words, using at least two examples.Discuss whether you believe the ability to communicate well is the most important skill for a STEM professional to learn.Resources are not required, but any resources used must be appropriately cited using APA style. While all course materials are valuable resources for this project, the following resource may directly help support your work on this project:Shapiro Library – APA Style: BasicsGuidelines for SubmissionSubmit a Word document or PDF file of your short paper. Your paper must:Be at least 500 wordsBe double spacedAddress all of the requirements in the Prompt sectionReferencesJensen, K. (2012, April 12). Intelligence is overrated: What you really need to succeed. Forbes. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/keldjensen/2012/04/12…Nelson, B. (n.d.). Three billionaires reveal the underrated skill you really need to succeed (and it’s not intelligence). Reader’s Digest. Retrieved from https://www.rd.com/advice/work-career/secret-to-su…
Southern New Hampshire University Importance of Communication in the STEM Field Essay

Psychology simulations on excel.

I’m working on a psychology question and need an explanation to help me understand better.

Simulate recognition data with ExcelGenerate a “study list” of 10 items, represented as vectors (can use simple 4 feature items as in the example, or more complex). There are no specific rules for what these items must look like – they can be any combination of 4 numbers, but I recommend using single digits as in the example from lecture.Parameters: u (probability of encoding)si (probability of source being the item itself)sr (probability of source being a random number) Note: sr = 1-si, this is simplified from the real model.c (probability of copying correctly)Here are some suggested starting values for your parameters:u = 0.3, si = 0.7, sr = (1-si) = 0.3, c = 0.8Use the parameters above to create 10 memory “traces”, as if a subject were going through the process of encoding these 10 items. When creating these 10 traces, use the process described below:1. Each feature of each study item presented isa. Encoded with some probability ub. The source of representation is chosen with probabilities si (from item) and sr (random choice)c. Feature is copied correctly with some probability c (if not copied correctly, replace with random value)WHAT TO TURN IN:1) Show the 10 original items that make up the study list (this will be a list of 10 vectors).2) For one run of the loop described above, show the memory “traces” after study as 10 vectors, which should be imperfect and incomplete copies of the study items.3) Come up with a (simple) way to compare each trace to each actual item from the study list to give each simulation run a memory “score”. Run the simulation 100 times, plot a histogram of the memory scores, and show the average of the 100 memory scores.a. Extra credit: Complete step 3 several times, changing parameters like u and c, to see how the memory score changes. Plot a histogram for each run to see the effect of varying your parameter.4) Attach your Excel File showing your simulation.
Psychology simulations on excel

The United States Supreme Court: Marbury v Madison Argumentative Essay. Introduction The case of Marbury v Madison 5 U.S 137 (1830) is one of the most notable cases in the United States. Over the years, scholars have presented varying views concerning the validity of judicial review as one of the roles of the Supreme Court and its effect on separation of powers between the judiciary and congress. Justice Robert H. Jackson underscores the dilemma that the judicial review process creates by granting the judiciary power to nullify laws passed by the representative body of the government thus limiting the power of the majority to govern the country. On the other hand, judicial review provides an avenue through which the judiciary provides checks and balances for the legislature, thus ensuring adherence of laws to the constitution. Constitution makers in the United States choose the limited majority rule option as their preferred ideology. This paper explores arguments by Lawrence Baum and Timothy Johnson on the validity of this choice. The authors discuss issues regarding the decision making process in the Supreme Court and its effects on legislative policies. In my opinion, limited majority rule benefits all branches of government as well as the people that the institutions serve. It also ensures that members of congress enact policies that address the needs of the American society as opposed to personal needs of the lawmakers, thus making it the better option of the two choices as explained in this paper. Arguments in support of limited majority rule Lawrence Baum in his book, The supreme Court, explains that the one of the main issues generating controversy with regarding the role of the Supreme Court is the fact that the role grants the court the ability to nullify laws made by congress. In his defense of the implementation of judicial review, he draws attention to a distinction between the will of the majority in reference to the society and the will of the majority in reference to the members of the legislature. He states that most of the scholars who present opinions against judicial review often overlook the difference between the two concepts of the term majority in their analysis of situations. In his opinion, statutes that fail to comply with the constitutional provisions often represent the will of the majority in terms of members of the legislature and note with reference with the American people (Baum 32). He states further that in cases when the will of both the society and members of Congress is evident the Supreme Court often grants its support through its decisions. However, during instances when it is evident that the will of the majority only represents the will of the representatives of the people and not the people themselves, the judicial review creates a threshold where the courts can protect the interests of the American people by limiting the power of the majority (Baum 38). In the case of Marbury v Madison, the court gave its reason for dismissal of the petition as repugnancy of the statute, which provided the basis for the petition. In the case, President John Adams appointed William Marbury Justice of the Peace for the District of Columbia. It was the duty of the Secretary of State at the time, James Madison, to deliver the commission to Marbury. However, Madison refused to deliver the commission, thus prompting Marbury to petition to the Supreme Court seeking orders to force Madison to deliver the commission although the court found that Madison acted unlawfully by failing to deliver the commission, it ultimately ruled against Marbury. he court found that the provision of the Judiciary Act, under which Marbury had petitioned, was unconstitutional as it extended the court’s original jurisdiction established under Article III of the constitution. The article established the judicial branch as well as powers the branch should exercise. The court dismissed the petition and explained that it had no obligation to abide by a statute made by Congress that made provisions contrary to those of the constitution. Chief Justice John Marshall found the provisions of the statute to be repugnant and thus inadmissible in determining the case. An analysis of the case with Baum’s argument on the entity constituting the majority reveals that judicial review in this case limited the rule of the members of Congress rather than the American people. Baum defends the limitation of majority rule in this case by stating that the court also plays the role of defending the integrity of the constitution as part of its implementation. According to Baum, the constitution forms the fundamental law that lays ground for the generation of the rest of the laws in any society. In his analysis of the issue, he adds that the constitution represents the fundamental policies that define a society and govern its existence. Therefore, any other policies that fail to comply with the provisions of the constitution fail in their representation of the majority (Baum 60). In his perspective therefore, nullification of such statutes by courts results in the protection of the will of the people rather than its limitations. According to this justification, judicial review limits majority rule in instances when the majority is an entity other than the American public and is thus legitimate. One of the arguments that lawmakers have advanced against this perspective of the majority rule is that the legislature acts as a representative entity of the people in government and therefore the statues it enacts represent the will of the people. Baum expounds that even though the legislature represents its electorates, the decisions individual members of Congress make are sometimes indicative of personal interests and go against the constitutional provisions. He insists that the court’s mandate regarding judicial review operates principally according to the constitutionality of a statute (Baum 65). Another argument that some scholars advance against the limitation of majority rule is that courts use judicial review to dictate laws and create opportunities for the creation of other laws favorable to the institution. This argument stems out of the premise that some of the methods that the judiciary uses to interpret statutes allow it to overstep its mandate and assume the power of the legislature. Such scholars note that one of the defenses the judiciary gives for such action is the absence of legislative provisions on some issues and vagueness in others. They add that by limiting the majority rule, the courts encourage the persistence of such inadequacies and subsequently create an environment that allows them to ‘create’ laws through case law and manipulate the direction in which Congress creates laws. For instance Timothy Johnson, author of Oral Arguments and Decision Making in the United States Supreme Court, mentions the application of precedents as one of the methods judges of the Supreme Court apply when interpreting statutes and making decisions. He explains that the application of the principle of precedents in case law requires judges of the Supreme Court to consider decisions the court has made in the past, exhibiting similar facts under similar circumstances. In most cases, lawyers also use this principle to support their cases and make compelling arguments (Johnson 43). Although the argument bears some truth, it is critical to appreciate that judicial review seeks not to curtail the ability of the legislature to make laws, but it only prevents the application of repugnant statutes due to their unconstitutionality. Johnson explains that even though the Supreme Court sometimes bases some of its decisions on case law, it collectively considers other factors including statutory law. He adds that case law often serves to clear doubts regarding the application of certain statutory provisions in cases where the provisions bear more than one meaning (Johnson 52). Baum’s contribution regarding the use of case law in decision-making is that it creates some uniformity and eliminates the possibility of contradictory application of the law by the Supreme Court. In fact, the element of predictability in the application of case law makes the formulation of statutory laws easier as it allows lawmakers to spot gaps in legislative provisions and make appropriate changes, constitutionally. He emphasizes that the Supreme Court cannot make laws and thus relies on the input of Congress in rectifying statutory inadequacies (Baum 72). In cases where Congress fails to identify such gaps in legislation, the courts continue to use case law. It is also important to note that the inception of case law applicable as precedents always relies on existing laws. Any substantial alteration in the statutory provisions on which such case law is founded elicits formulation of new case law, which incorporates the current changes. The old cases only serve to persuade the court on points of law. Conclusion It is worth noting that the judiciary’s power to nullify laws passed by Congress only runs to the extent of the unconstitutionality of such laws. This provision ensures that the judiciary also stays within its mandate and does not extend its mandate to include making laws through disapproval of laws that do not appeal to the institution’s interests. Although limitations of majority rule through judicial review lacks codification or universal acceptance, the application of the concept depends on the jurisdiction and regarding this case warrants acceptance in the United States. The power of judicial review exists in the American constitution as one of the roles of the judiciary, thus eliminating the need for elements such as international acceptance and statutory inclusion. In addition, the concept of separation of power requires each branch of government to keep the other in check to avoid misuse of power, and thus the legislature should not be an exception based on the simple view of its representation of the people. The limited majority rule is thus a valid and important concept with which all branches of the American government under the American constitution should comply, regardless of the arguments some scholars present against the idea. I chose the limited majority rule as my preferred option as the concept prevents the possibility of moral hazard and protects the interests of both the majority and the minority classifications of the populations that leaders represent. Works Cited Baum, Lawrence. The Supreme Court, Washington, DC: Congressional Quarterly Press, 2012. Print. Johnson, Timothy. Oral Arguments and Decision Making in the United States Supreme Court, New York: State University of New York Press, 2011. Print. The United States Supreme Court: Marbury v Madison Argumentative Essay

Importance of philanthropy in the Organization Discussion

Importance of philanthropy in the Organization Discussion.

Now that you have a basis for the history and importance of philanthropy, choose one organization that is of importance to you. This is the organization you will volunteer with for your final project. Describe it’s philanthropic stance. In your discussion post answer the following:Describe the philanthropic history of the organizationWhat major gifts have been given to the organization in the past 5-10 years?What major initiatives has this organization supported financially in the past 5-10 years?Why is this organization of importance to you?The organization is United Way of Rhode Islandaround 300 words
Importance of philanthropy in the Organization Discussion

Reviewing The Crucible By John Proctor English Literature Essay

best essay writers In this paper I will put myself in John Proctors place. I will explain his situation and the moral dilemma that he faces. Should he put his reputation on the line to save his life, or tell the truth and die an honest man? I will discus what choice I personally would make given the same circumstance as John Proctor. I will also address the criticisms that I would expect from my choice and how I would respond to them. In the beginning of the Crucible John Proctor was just an average man. John was well known and respected for his honesty in the community. John is at first described as a nice man, not easily controlled, strong and serene. John is described as non violent and a very passive person. “He was a kind man- powerful of body, even- tempered and not easily led…” Honest, upright, and blunt-spoken, Proctor was a good man, but one with a secret, fatal flaw. His lust for Abigail Williams led to their affair, and created Abigail’s jealousy of his wife, Elizabeth, which sets the entire witch hysteria in motion. Because of his affair he has compromised his honesty in the eyes of his wife. This causes John to be doubted when what he need is to be trusted. Because of this John views himself as a sinner and that he should not be given any respect. Even though John gives great magnitude to his public facade, John Proctor has a very low vision of himself and his value as a human being, which affects many of his choices. After the charges of witchcraft stirred up, John assumes a more important role in the community. John assumes a leadership roll in the group to free Elizabeth Proctor, Mrs. Corey, and Rebecca Nurse from the prison. John becomes the tough and self-determining leader many doubted he could be. Although he fails in his action to free his wife and friends from prison we see another side to John’s character. Once the trials begin, Proctor realizes that he can stop Abigail’s rampage through Salem but only if he confesses to his adultery. Such an admission would ruin his good name, and Proctor is, above all, a proud man who places great emphasis on his reputation. He eventually makes an attempt, through Mary Warren’s testimony, to name Abigail as a fraud without revealing the crucial information. When this attempt fails, he finally bursts out with a confession, calling Abigail a “whore” and proclaiming his guilt publicly. Only then does he realize that it is too late, that matters have gone too far, and that not even the truth can break the powerful frenzy that he has allowed Abigail to whip up. Proctor’s confession succeeds only in leading to his arrest and conviction as a witch, and though he lambastes the court and its proceedings, he is also aware of his terrible role in allowing this fervor to grow unchecked. When the declaration stating Mary Warren had lied in court begins to fail John exhibits a very forceful and aggressive approach. John, who is innerved by the lying of Abigail Williams, grabs and shakes her. This shows that John looses control of his anger and that won’t be indecisive to resort to violence. This is also is seen when Ezekiel Cheever comes to arrest Elizabeth Proctor and John rips up the warrant. From these actions we can learn that when confronted by a problem which involves his loved ones, John is forceful, bad tempered, irritated and aggressive. After John is arrested, he is presented with a very complicated moral choice. This shows the greatest change in his character. John has to decide whether he desires to lie and live or be truthful and die. Because of John’s low sense of worth and damaged public appearance he believes that the best choice is to lie and live then to be truthful and die. This means that he would have to live with this lie for the rest of his life. John moral principles soon change and become at what I would call a higher standard he then decides to be truthful and die. This shows us that he wants redemption for his affair with Abigail. These acts inform us that John has accepted the evils of his sins and in order to protect his own self esteem will not commit any more sins. This shows that John would not lie to save his own life; he would rather die than live in sin. This is what he feels would be his act of redemption. John’s character changed from a very nice, submissive and level tempered person to a powerful and aggressive leader in the court when meet head-on by a moral choice. John determined that the lives of his wife, and friends were of higher significance than his own and takes on an attitude of endeavoring to do everything that is possible to save them. John Proctor sacrificed his public image, something he treasured, in order to support his family and friends. John believed that by doing this he could harm the reputation of Abigail Williams and save the ones he loved. John also was very aggressive and had fanatical attitude in court to attempt to intimidate the judges so that he could have his way. If I were presented with this moral choice, I would sacrifice my own life to avoid living in a lie and to save the ones that I love. I believe that I could have redemption for all my sinful acts in life by dying for my principles. I understand that by telling a lie and living to provide for my loved ones is a very persuasive choice, but a choice I feel would be wrong. As I read this story I found my self wanting John proctor to tell the truth through out his whole ordeal. The truth is always I my mind the right choice. If you are truthful everything will work out for the best in the end.

Which empirical human motivations are most important to the success of central liberal institutions and practices?

Which empirical human motivations are most important to the success of central liberal institutions and practices?.

Moral theory can narrow disagreement on what is morally right. However, merely to agree about what is morally right does not necessarily motivate an individual, or individuals in a group, to do what is morally right. Locke’s social contract theory, Rawls’ theory of justice, and practices such as free speech and toleration are constructed both from moral judgments and empirical claims about human motivations. We also examined empirical theories or claims about human motivation: Turiel, citizenship culture in Bogotá, homo economicus, Bowles and Gintis on behavioral experiments, Haidt’s foundations, perhaps Bandura or Pinker, and others. Which empirical human motivations (positive reciprocity and others) are most important to the success of central liberal institutions and practices (for example, limited government, free speech, toleration) and how might common motivations support or undermine the institutions and practices? Don’t recite every motivation and every institution; rather, select a few important relationships to explicate.Please use at least 3 reading sources that I will provide and 3 at least 3 sources from lecture slides. It should be 9pgs MLA format.
Which empirical human motivations are most important to the success of central liberal institutions and practices?

ECON UM Impact of COVID 19 on US States Healthcare Systems Comparative Analysis

ECON UM Impact of COVID 19 on US States Healthcare Systems Comparative Analysis.

I’m working on a business report and need an explanation to help me learn.

This is an ECON CLASS paper, please write in an essay format. Need word count at least 1600, need to add at least 4 graphs in this paper. Total words with graphs within 10 pages. Topic choose from: US health system, US insurance system, US health system and insurance system compare with other countries, covid impact on US health system, The hospital services market in USA, The market for health insurance, Managed care, The physicians’ services market, Demand for health and medical care, The market for pharmaceuticals. Medicare and Medicaid.Paper requirement: Must submit an investigative written paper with at least 5 full pages paper, word count at least 1600, and need to add at least 4 econ related data/graphs/images, total within 10 pages (times new roman, size 12).The student must choose one of two possible major themes: US state data comparison or international data comparison.If the student chooses US state data comparison, the main source of data is https://www.kff.org/statedata/. If the student chooses international data comparison, the main source of data is https://stats.oecd.org/(see the “health” link on the left of the screen).Within the chosen major theme, the student must explore health data across different US states or countries, select comparisons that may be considered interesting or intriguing, and finally raise hypotheses that can explain the observations in the light of what was taught during the course. It is advisable for the student to focus on some sub-theme within the chosen major theme. For example, the student may be interested in exploring the sub-theme pharmaceutical market within the main theme international data comparison
ECON UM Impact of COVID 19 on US States Healthcare Systems Comparative Analysis