Jesus and Muhammad are both known as religious leaders who founded the largest religions in the world. Both men have affected humanity and laid down many principles to live by. Although they had the same “call of duty”, they were definitely two different types of people. Jesus is said to be the Son of God, while Muhammad is a Messenger of God. Both Jesus and Muhammad are known for their methods in establishing and strengthening each respective religion.
This paper will compare and contrast the lives and history of Jesus and Muhammad, describe how both men had deaths that had an impact on their respective religions, how each of the men are worshipped, and how their messages are being carried out today. Jesus was born around 2,000 years ago to a devout Jewess named Mary and her husband Joseph, a carpenter (Fisher, 2005, p. 288). According to Gospels of Matthew and Luke, Jesus was conceived by a miracle of the Holy Spirit while Mary was still a virgin.
They also reported that Jesus was born in Bethlehem because the Roman emperor had decreed that all families register for a census in their ancestral hometowns. After making the journey to Bethlehem, Mary and Joseph had to stay in a stable, because the inn was full. Jesus was born there in the stable among the animals. According to Luke, poor shepherds, who had been visited by angels carrying the news of the savior’s birth, paid their respects to the new baby by bringing gifts of gold and frankincense and myrrh, which confirmed his divine kingship.
Not much is known about Jesus’ life up until he was 30, except that he had always shown a close connection with God, and referred to Him as Abba, which translates to “Father” (Fisher, 2005, p. 289). At the age of 30, Jesus went to John the Baptist and asked to be baptized. John did not want to perform the baptism because Jesus was believed to be sinless, but he performed it anyway. Afterward, Jesus took a 40-day retreat in the desert where he was tempted by Satan, but he refused. This was followed by the gathering of his first disciples: Peter, James, Andrew, and John.
All four believed Jesus was the Messiah, and to follow him, gave up all their possessions and human attachments. As Jesus traveled for the next few years, he is said to have performed many miracles, such as turning water into wine, walking on water, and casting devils out of the possessed. His teachings focused primarily of the “kingdom of God”, and the importance of love and kindness, even to one’s enemy. Jesus’ teachings were fundamentally based on the Jewish religion, but they departed from the Jewish law significantly.
One of the major differences in Jesus’ teachings from the Jewish way was that he taught from his own authority, instead of teaching from God’s authority (). As his popularity grew, so did the ire of the local leaders. The Romans were leery of the common thought that Jesus was the Messiah who would liberate the Jews from their rule (religionfacts, 2007). Jewish people were also feeling uncomfortable with Jesus’ interpretation of Jewish law and his hinting at his own divinity. Jesus always claimed to his disciples that his end was near, but they never accepted it.
During the “Last Supper”, on the night before his death, Jesus shared his bread and wine with them, asking them to do so in remembrance of him. He also told them that before the night was over one of the disciples would betray him. That night, Judas, one of his disciples, led Roman soldiers to Jesus, and arrested him. Jesus was brought to trial and was sentenced to die for blasphemy, after stating he was the Messiah. He was beaten severely, dressed in a purple cloth and a crown of thorns, and then killed by crucifixion.
Jesus’ body was taken down and put into a tomb of carved rock. The next Sunday, Jesus’ mother and a couple of other women went to anoint his body in spices, but found the tomb empty. The women told the other disciples, but were not believed. Jesus then made appearances to them, and many others, before going to Heaven. Afterward, they sincerely believed Jesus had risen from the dead. This belief makes it possible for people to have peace with God in this life and meet a favorable end in the next. Muhammad was born in the year 570 in the town of Mecca, a town in western Arabia.
He was the only son of Abd Allah bin Al-Muttalib and Amina bint Wahb (PBS, 2006). He was raised only by his mother, because his father died before he was born. Amina entrusted her son with a wet nurse named Halima, which was a Meccan tradition. Around the age of five or six, his mother took him to Yathrib to stay with relatives and visit his father’s grave. On the return journey, Amina died. Muhammad then went to stay in Mecca with his paternal grandfather, who was its most respected leader. When Muhammad was eight, his grandfather died and he was sent to live with his uncle.
In his early twenties, Muhammad started working for Khadija, his distant cousin who was a Meccan merchant. He would carry her goods to the north and bring back her profit. The two were wed and had six children, two sons, who died as infants, and four daughters. Because of Mecca’s materialism and traditional idolatry, Muhammad began making retreats to a mountain cave, where he fasted and meditated. On one occasion, he was visited by a presence who told him to recite words of such beauty and force that many attribute to God.
After several similar experiences, Muhammad finally revealed the messages to his tribe, which later became the Qur’an, Islam’s sacred scripture. In the next decade, Muhammad and his followers were persecuted and physically attacked for going against the traditional tribal ways. His message was monotheistic, and for several years, Mecca’s dominant tribe banned trade with Muhammad’s people, and eventually tried to assassinate Muhammad. In 622, Muhammad and his followers left Mecca and traveled to Yathrib, the town where his father was buried, and would eventually be known as Medina, the City of the Prophet.
The town was going through a civil war, and they invited Muhammad, who was known for his wisdom, to mediate. Muhammad remained there for six years, building the first Muslim community. The people of Mecca did not like this, and there were three major battles in three years. There was eventually a peace treaty, and Muslims were seen as a new force in Arabia. The Muslims then marched on Mecca, and without bloodshed, were able to get the Meccans to join them. He then consolidated most of the Arabian Peninsula under Islam.
In 632, Muhammad died after a brief illness and was buried in a mosque in Medina. Within a hundred years, Muhammad’s teachings and way of life had spread as far east as Indo-China and as far west as France and Spain. Christianity and Islam are two of the largest religions in the world. Jesus and Muhammad lived and died for their religions. They are respected as two of the greatest teachers and prophets to have ever lived. The two religions influence millions of people today, and will most likely continue to do so.
For this assignment, answer the following questions:
What are the Pros and Cons to telehealth?
How will you approach and perform a telehealth assessment?
What are the limits to telehealth?
What is the difference between the provider’s need for a successful telehealth visit versus the Patient’s perspective?
The paper is to be clear and concise and students will lose points for improper grammar, punctuation, and misspelling.
The paper should be formatted per current APA and 3 pages in length, excluding the title, abstract, and references page.
Incorporate a minimum of 5 current (published within the last five years) scholarly journal articles or primary legal sources (statutes, court opinions) within your work.
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