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The Impact of the Culture on the Project Management Research Paper

Introduction Studies on completed projects indicate that most of the projects fail to meet their intentional outlay and duration. The failures of the projects are attributed to the cultural diversity of the organization within which the organization originates. Most of the project managers as well as the management scholars agree that cultural diversity has an impact on the projects performance. The major goal of this report is to identify the extent to which cultural diversity affects the projects execution. The paper will be focusing on the attitudes and some of the factors connected to the project top and line managers’ attitudes in connection to the internal set of laws as well as with respect to the project managers’ prescribed influence. In essence, the paper will seek to answer the question of whether cultural diversity has an impact on the project management and how cultural diversity can become a barrier to the attainment of the project goals. The paper will focus on the advantages of multi-cultural teams within the project and how such multiculturalism can be applied to provide solutions to the challenges of working within the dynamic environment where uncertainties are ever increasing. Secondly, the paper will examine how cultural diversity becomes a barrier to the attainment of the project goals. The advantages of multicultural teams on the project management Managers of international projects are capable of applying innovations to move away from the normal forms of projects management and obtain competitive advantage as well as improve the chances for accomplishing the projects goals. The current concept in managing cross-cultural teams is the crossvergence. Crossvergence is a concept that combines management practices of several cultures in such a way that performances applicable to the varied culture can be attained. Lee, Roehl and Choe (2000) assert that global teams are capable of providing a wide array of essentials required for successful combination of dissimilar project management practices. People originating from various companies and country cultures have enhanced diverse experiences and management skills that can be applied by the project managers for the attainment of the project goals. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Another concept that can be applied in the cross-cultural management within a project is the hybridization. Hybridization is the application of the common cultural knowledge augmented with successful practices from the countries where the project is supposed to be carried out or may be drawn from the original culture of a team member. Project managers should also expect diverse behaviors even when working with team members from the same country (Poon et al., 2005). The fact is that cultural norms and values are determined by many factors and not only by the team members’ nationality. The experiences, gender age, education levels and job functions shape the individual beliefs and practices that can be displayed during the project implementation process. All these beliefs and practices can be combined together to form a coalesced part that enhances the project performance. All these factors should be taken into consideration when undertaking a global project for the first time. In circumstances where a team member have a cultural origin that is unique, Hofstede cultural dimension can be applied to understand the general mind set as well as cultural patterns that are likely to be practiced in their home country. In addition, more information about the country where the project is implemented need to be gathered to understand the common practices as well as the main sources of economic and cultural affluence that can be applied to enhance the project performance (Lee et al., 2000). The most important step for the project managers is to be much more concerned with the team members’ behaviors. In addition, the project managers should understand and respect the values of team members particularly those that are practiced during their informal conversations. While understanding and respecting the team members cultural values are critical, the project managers should also allow their opinion be known by the team members. Jolly (2008) argue that team members should also be able to understand the project communication standards as well as the important project norms that must be adhered to attain the project goals. These common understandings are critical in merging cultural diversity during the project implementation. The consequence is the enhanced project performance. We will write a custom Research Paper on The Impact of the Culture on the Project Management specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More While developing cross-cultural management skills may be difficult, project managers are expected to have effective skills cross-cultural project management. These skills can be attained through understanding the presence of cultural diversity across countries and how individual values are shaped by traits such as age and gender (Poon et al., 2005). The project managers should also apply some of the practices that indicate respect of cultural diversity particularly during the decision-making process. Finally, the project managers should take advantage of multiculturalism within the team. The project manager should built on the cultural diversity among the team members to identify and mitigate risks as well as look for the best option to attain the goals of the project. The impact of cross culture in the project management Communication within a project is critical for the attainment of the cross-cultural managerial skills. According to Jolly (2008), individuals within the project are encouraged to meet face to face to enhance cross cultural relationship and communication as well as common understanding among the team members. While cultural diversity among the team members can be great, the timing and procedures of project communication would play a critical role in bringing together the diverse team members to work towards a particular goal. Cultural differences always have a greater impact on the favored approaches applied in project management communication. However, communication is not the only aspect of project management that is being impacted by culture. Studies by Lee, Roehl and Choe (2000) indicate that there are major elements of culture that directly affect the project management strategy as well as the processes in the project team development. These elements includes material culture, which are the physical objects that results from technological advancement, language that is critical in enhancing common understanding among the project team members, aesthetics that promotes both open and casual communication , and education that enhances problem solving techniques. The other aspects of culture that influence project communication process, team development and management strategy includes values, mind-set and religion. According to Rausch, Halfhill, Sherman and Washbush (2001), beliefs, attitudes affect the broad-spectrum of work moral principles. The social organization is also another aspect of culture, which is critical in networking within an organization. The political life is the final element of culture, which includes the set of rules and regulations that govern the management process and all the operations of the project. Not sure if you can write a paper on The Impact of the Culture on the Project Management by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Project management have moved away from face to face environment where all major stakeholders were assembled jointly in one room (Shore
MGT 311 Saudi Electronic University Introduction to Operation Management Discussion.

Assignment Question(s):
Describe the nature
of operations management in the following organizations. In doing this:
a) Describe the
operation process of the production system ( input, transformation and output).
b) Identify operations decisions (process,
quality, capacity, inventory and supply chain).·
A Plastic
manufacturing ·
An external accountant
office (Marks 8) (word count
maximum:500)2) Take a tour of the Woodart factory answer the following questions:a) Describe the process used?b) What alternative process can be used in Woodart factory? (word count maximum: 100)
MGT 311 Saudi Electronic University Introduction to Operation Management Discussion

Evaluation of Four Views of Ethical Behavior. Traditionally, the main concern of businesses was profit making. Businesses seldom devoted their business to the pursuit of social and environmental change. In the past twenty years, the corporate world has realized that ethics is important to their businesses. The cases involving Enron, Global Crossing and WorldCom argue that these scandals of corporate dishonesty and cheating are considered as the unethical behavior resulting in the collapse on corporate finance and reputation. Havers (1999) suggested that ethical image can build company goodwill and loyalty among customers. Thus, it may increase the profitability of a company. Furthermore, there is pressure on business to recognize its responsibility to society. Businesses are required to think about the impact of their decisions on stakeholders who are directly or indirectly affected by these decisions (Havers 1999). In other words, “if a business does not act with integrity in relation to its people, its customers or the community, it is not likely to enjoy the kind of reputation that will keep good people in its employ, to keep customers coming back for its products or services” (Ralph 2001, pp. 22) This paper will evaluate the four alternative views of ethical behavior and explain how these views are related to definitions of Corporate Social Responsibility. Firstly, this paper will contribute to analyze and evaluate the four alternative views of ethical behavior from the perspective of theory and case study. Then, within the review of definitions of Corporate Social Responsibilities, this paper will evaluate these definitions from four views. Finally, the conclusion will be given in the final section. Four Alternative Views of Ethical Behavior As businesses became aware of the importance of business ethics, executives have put a great deal of effort into creating codes of ethics (BlakeEvaluation of Four Views of Ethical Behavior
Ashford University Chicano Movement Worksheet.

For this discussion you need to read the “Preface to the 2nd Edition: Re-framing the Chicano Movement” in Carlos Munoz, Jr’s Youth, Identity, Power – The Chicano Movement, pp 1-8. (Links to an external site.)Or access it in google books. Also read: raza.pdfThe discussion question:1. What areas does the author believe both he and the movement neglected and overlooked and how has it changed with globalization?2. Why are some groups or members of a movement overlooked or pushed aside ?Remember to be mindful of the rubric and respond to at least two of your classmates’ postings and have your first posting by Thursday.second assignment.So we have watched the early forming and embracing of a Mexican American identity. With this video we will watch this manifest itself in the young people (once again) of the Los Angeles community as they push back against stereotypes and forge ahead to fight for their own identities and rights.Watch this video (approx. 54 minutes) and complete the worksheet below: (Links to an external site.)Worksheet: Worksheet for Episode 3.docx
Ashford University Chicano Movement Worksheet

What is the most abundant greenhouse gas in Earth’s atmosphere?

What is the most abundant greenhouse gas in Earth’s atmosphere?.

water vaporcarbon dioxidemethane
What is the most abundant greenhouse gas in Earth’s atmosphere?

The marketing strategies of Ongcand RLI

help writing Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) (incorporated on June 23, 1993) is an Indian public sector petroleum company. It is a Fortune Global 500 company ranked 335th, and contributes 77% of India’s crude oil production and 81% of India’s natural gas production. It is the highest profit making corporation in India. It was set up as a commission on August 14, 1956. Indian government holds 74.14% equity stake in this company. Its Head quarter is in Dehradun. The chairman and MD of ONGC is Mr. Radhey S. Sharma. Its revenue was $24.032 billion in the year 2008. Currently there are 34000 employees. ONGC Group of Companies comprises of Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC – The Parent Company); ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL – a wholly owned subsidiary of ONGC); ONGC Nile Ganga BV (ONG BV – a wholly owned subsidiary of OVL) and Mangalore Refinery and Petrochemicals Limited (MRPL – a subsidiary of ONGC). Oil and Natural Gas Corporation Limited (ONGC) is India’s Most Valuable Company, having a market share of above 80% in India’s Crude Oil and Natural Gas Exploration and Production. ONGC registered the highest profit among all Indian companies at US $ 1.92 billion (Rs. 8664.4 Caror) in the year 2003-04. Its production of Crude Oil in 2003-04 was 26.7 MMT and of Natural Gas 25.70 Billion Cubic Meters. ONGC also produce Value-Added Products (VAP) like C2-C3; LPG; Naphtha and SKO. ONGC Videsh Limited (OVL) is overseas arm of ONGC, engaged in Exploration

Florida National Evidence Based Practice of Nursing Professional Discussion

Florida National Evidence Based Practice of Nursing Professional Discussion.

Discuss the principles of research and evidence-based practice and how to effectively implement them for advanced practice nurses.Submission Instructions:Your initial post should be at least 500 words, formatted and cited in current APA style with support from at least 2 academic sources. Your initial post is worth 8 points.You should respond to at least two of your peers by extending, refuting/correcting, or adding additional nuance to their posts. Your reply posts are worth 2 points (1 point per response.) All replies must be constructive and use literature where possible.Please post your initial response by 11:59 PM ET Thursday, and comment on the posts of two classmates by 11:59 PM ET Sunday.You can expect feedback from the instructor within 48 to 72 hours from the Sunday due date. Grading Rubric Your assignment will be graded according to the grading rubric.Discussion RubricCriteriaRatingsPointsIdentification of Main Issues, Problems, and Concepts5 pointsDistinguishedIdentify and demonstrate a sophisticated understanding of the issues, problems, and concepts.4 pointsExcellentIdentifies and demonstrate an accomplished understanding of most of issues, problems, and concepts.2 pointsFairIdentifies and demonstrate an acceptable understanding of most of issues, problems, and concepts.1 pointsPoorIdentifies and demonstrate an unacceptable understanding of most of issues, problems, and concepts.5 pointsUse of Citations, Writing Mechanics and APA Formatting Guidelines3 pointsDistinguishedEffectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Exceptional use of citations and extended referencing. High level of APA precision and free of grammar and spelling errors.2 pointsExcellentEffectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Moderate use of citations and extended referencing. Moderate level of APA precision and free of grammar and spelling errors.1 pointFairIneffectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. Moderate use of citations and extended referencing. APA style and writing mechanics need more precision and attention to detail.0 pointPoorIneffectively uses the literature and other resources to inform their work. An unacceptable use of citations and extended referencing. APA style and writing mechanics need serious attention.3 pointsResponse to Posts of Peers2 pointsDistinguishedStudent constructively responded to two other posts and either extended, expanded or provided a rebuttal to each.1 pointsFairStudent constructively responded to one other post and either extended, expanded or provided a rebuttal.0 pointPoorStudent provided no response to a peer’s post. 2 pointsTotal Points: 10
Florida National Evidence Based Practice of Nursing Professional Discussion

Water Scarcity in Saudi Arabia

Water Scarcity in Saudi Arabia. Student’s Name: Ella Abstract Nowdays, water supply and sanitation in Saudi Arabia is characterized by challenges and achievements. One of the main challenges is water scarcity. The assessment will talk about the process of the research and the reasons for why the information is appropriate for this academic report. After having some specific data for the water usage in Saudi Arabia, we will describe a potential solution to one of these issues. The hypothesis for this paper is the Saudi Arabia can solve the water scracity this issue so that people who live there do not worry about the water anymore. Introduction In this scientific assessment was write about several water scarcity issue, the water pollution and the way to finish off the problem in Suadi Arabia. Now day has many countries have the issue about the water scrcity and water pollution. For the Middle East’s largest country, the water scarcity and water use increased dramatically, becoming a growing problem in Saudi Arabia. At present the fresh water it is extremely important for many countries and it is a narrow non-renewable, generalized renewable resources. People can not live without the water, also all the food we eat is all have the water element. The water chemistry will influence water scarcity is because the water have solubility and transmissibility. This the reason why the polluted water from the factory can pollution the the fresh water. And also some harmful substances will dissolve into the water that make water scarcity. In my hypothesis the Saudi Arabi can solution water scracity this issue. Methodology The first plan for achieving research purpose is to write donw the information about the water pollution and water scracity in Saudi Arabia that will guide we to research. Second write some qusetion that can solution the water scarcity in Saudi Arabia. After this two steps to research the information for water pollution and water scarcity in Saudi Arabia on the Internet. The detail data for the total precipitation and the consumption of water for the people live in this country. Then research the document of the government solution for the water problem. Last is some key fresh water issues in the Saudi Arabia. Afterwards will write about the reason for why chosen this information and why this document is good quality for use in the academic report. All the information is useful for the asseaament this is one of the primary reasons. Generally the most reliable sources are all come from the Web site addresses that at end is “.gov” means the goverment agency and education organisation the meaning of the end is “.edu”. Also can use some document is write from some university professors. Findings Saudi Arabia is a true “Kingdom of oil”, oil reserves and production ranked first in the world, making it be one of the richest countries in the world. Saudi Arabia is the world’s largest producer of desalination, the desalination of sea water around 21% per cent of the world total. But the Saudi Arabia still have the water problem, there are two most serious issues. First one is the lack of water resources problems, although now Saudi Arabia is the largest brackish water production country in the world, but when they have not established water desalting plant, water is not enough people there to use. And in Saudi Arabia due to lack of water resources utilization provided, thus giving rise to utilization of water resources waste and low efficiency of water use is becoming more and more serious. For this two issues I think the beat way to chang the situation first is to make a regulations of the water use, reduce the population and use of the wealth of oil and energy for seawater desalination. Chart: Changes in water demand and water supply in Saudi Arabia Event 1980(mcm/yr) (%) 1985(mcm/yr) (%) Water demand agricultural water 1860 79 7430 84 City life and other 500 21 1400 16 Total 2362 100 8830 100 Water supply Surface water 485 20 900 10 Renewable water 660 28 950 11 non-renewable water 1154 49 6480 73 sea water desalination, 63 3 400 5 wastewater of re10claimed water – – 100 1 Total 2362 100 8830 100 (mcm=millton core meters) Discussion The chart write about the changes in water demand and the water supply in Saudi Arabia from 1980 to 1985. This information is from an article, I put the text to the data and draw the graph. In this chart we can know that Saudi Arabia’s significant growth in demand for water in recent years. As the chart above shows, from 1980 to 1985, the increased water demand from 2362 to 8830, water demand has increased by 274% in the equivalent of 5 years, however, an average annual growth of 55%. These accurate data showing population impact on the utilization of water resources, also can to prove my hypothesis is correct, that the help the water resources be not in the absence have one of the methods is changing population Conclusions and Recommendations In conclusions I think the best way to tackle lack of water resources in Saudi Arabia this is to require a water use regulations. From the above data, we can see that people’s demand for water resources in Saudi Arabia year after year of growth and it was really fast, so I think the Saudi Government should require people to rational use of water resources. Everyone knows that Saudi Arabia is the world’s richest countries, if their rational use of water resources and rational use of groundwater, then maybe they don’t have to worry about lack of water resources this issues in the future. Reference List Allan Foster, (Dec 9, 2010), Coping with Scarcity: Saudi Arabia and Water, Stimson Spotlight. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 24 December 2016] (14 March 2013),Saudi Arabia’s water problems stink, FAILAKA. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 24 December 2016] Saud A. Gutub, Mohamed F. Soliman and Asif uz zaman, (2013), Saudi Arabia Confronts with Water Scarcity: An Insight, PSIPW. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 24 December 2016] (July 2, 2013), Saudi Arabia: The Desalination Nation, ASHARQ AL-AWSAT. [Online]. Available from: [Accessed 24 December 2016] Water Scarcity in Saudi Arabia