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The impact of reverse logistics in retail industry

The impact of reverse logistics in retail industry. 1. Background In today’s business world, Companies are looking for ways to improve there businesses by reducing costs, and improving labour efficiency. This enables the companies to implement supply chain management into the business. Supply chain management is a process which binds and links the entire process from supplying a product until it gets delivered to the end customer. Reverse logistics is a very essential process which is included in the supply chain management process. Reverse logistics is the process which involves planning, implementing, cost effective flow of stocks and machinery, finished goods, in-process inventory and related information from the point of supplying to the point of final consumption. Remanufacturing and refurbishing are the two vital aspects of reverse logistics which helps in reutilisation and reselling of a product. It also involves recycling of programs, machinery fault or similar asset problems. Few more terms, often used with reverse logistics are: Reconditioning the machinery when it is not performing up to its mark, repairing it and then using it again. Refurbishing is working on the same product and enhancing and changing it from inside completely. Remanufacturing is similar to refurbishing but may require completely disassembling the product. Reselling is done after one or more of the above three. Recycling happens only when the product is not in condition where it can be worked on like reconditioning, refurbishing, remanufacturing so as to resell it. Reverse logistics is also about keeping the environment healthy by not disposing too much waste, reducing the waste particles or reusing them. 2. Literature Review According to the Reverse Logistics Executive Council, reverse logistics is “the process of planning, implementing, and controlling the efficient, cost effective flow of raw materials, in-process inventory, finished goods and related information from the point of consumption to the point of origin for the purpose of recapturing value or proper disposal” (Xiaoming Li, Festus Olorunniwo, 2008). The reverse material movement from end customers to suppliers has received much less attention (Rogers and Tibben-Lembke, 2001). Most returned products are processed to put back to shelf. Two alternative waste management policies are studied and compared. The first policy deals with the recovery chain, that is, the flow of used products from consumers to recovery facilities. The second policy deals with the disposal chain, in which used products are carried to landfills (Murphy, P R. and Poist, R F.2003).There exists a range of ordered sequencing that different companies adopt depending on which activities are engaged in by the firm. Most of the companies set up their processes based on some knowledge of materials flows: inbound receiving, sorting, testing, storing, and outbound shipping. Different products may go through different routes; same products with different types of damages also may undergo different operations. Companies have operational procedures for machine centres; however, returns flows among machine centres are informal in many cases or many factors are not considered (Trebilcock, 2002). Using the information, we develop a generic returns process flow by integrating various broad factors: demand, package and product conditions, test and repair, secondary market, vendor, charity giving, recycle, and disposal. Now a days, managers’ reactions were not quite strong as to whether recycling materials that are un-useable generate considerable revenues or if channel clearing considerably reduces obsolete items inventory, and if repaired items yield reasonable profits in secondary markets. These set of responses are quite surprising because they are contrary to observations from the experiences reported in the trade literature (Reese, 2005). Murphy and Posit (2000) have reported that recycling of materials, reducing consumption and reusing materials are the three most commonly utilized green logistics strategies. Design for recycling (DFR) has become an important dimension for some manufacturers in the recent times (Masanet, 2002). The ultimate goal of reverse logistics programs is to produce reverse logistics. Resource reduction refers to the minimisation of materials used in a product and the minimization of waste and energy achieved through the design of more environmentally efficient products (Carterand Ellram, 1998). The increase of eco-efficiency leads to reverse logistics activities in the firm. The outcomes of the eco-efficiency calculations will help authorities in formulating criteria for collection of disposed products and in monitoring end-of-life performance of take-back systems (Huisman, 2002). Companies must recognize that reverse logistics has become an important source of opportunity for improving visibility and profitability and lowering costs across the supply chain. Reverse logistics offers an opportunity for improving visibility and profitability while lowering costs across the supply chain. A reverse logistics system will enable us to plan in advance, often as early as the design process, the way to handle returns efficiently and ways this can most effectively feed into the product design plan. Returns provide a revenue generating opportunity via value recapture- return, refurbish, recycle. Sophisticated returns automation systems enable you to leverage a product’s value by quickly placing it in another product for resale before values depreciate (Anderson, Pat, 2009). Formerly, firms have been spending significant time and money in improving their forward supply chains while ignoring their potential reverse supply chains. However, in today’s competitive business environment, it is important that firms study the profitability and benefits of implementing a reverse supply chain while considering the uncertainties associated with the supply and composition of used products, disassembly time, recycling or remanufacturing time, and demand for recycled or remanufactured goods(Pochampally, Kishore K. Gupta, Surendra M., Dhakar, Tej S,2009). Few research studies have published specific empirical data regarding the reverse logistics practices of companies. This multi-stage study employed interviews, site visits, and a mail survey to collect responses from 230 members of the Warehousing Education and Research Council (WERC) regarding their reverse logistics practices. Results suggest that in spite of the growing importance of reverse logistics, few executives have product return processing as their primary responsibility and often undertake this activity along with other job responsibilities. Most firms handle the product returns process themselves and typically within the same facilities that handle forward logistics. Returning items directly to stock, repackaging and returning to stock, and selling as scrap, were the three top disposition options employed by firms. Results indicate that, contrary to general understanding, the majority of retailers and wholesalers reported a recovery rate of over 75% of product cost (James R. Stock and Jay P. Mulki, 2009). If a firm is not able to resell the items, they often end up in land fills, or perhaps recycled. Also, the profit margins could be lower for the manufacturer because in addition to the refurbishing cost, the product often must be sold at a lower price. In view of this, manufacturers’ desire to maximize profits often dictates the proportion of product that gets refurbished (Vorasayan and Ryan 2006). Retailer emphasis on training customers in the proper use of their products which can help in improving customer relations as well as decreasing costs of product returns. Retailers can help a great deal by initial sorting and by making decisions on processing versus returning to manufacturer. This could reduce the uncertainty in the timing and quality of returns that has been blamed for the unpredictability of reconditioning and refurbishing returned products (Guide and Van Wassenhove, 2002). A reverse logistics flow is much more active, with much less visibility. Retail stores like primark do not initiate reverse logistics activity as a result of planning and decision making on the part of the firm but in response to actions by consumers or downstream channel members. When a customer returns an item to a retail store, the store collects the items to be sent to a centralized sorting facility. At the time of return, information about the item and its condition may be entered into the retail stores information system, and forwarded to the returns processing centre (Ronald S. Tibben-Lembke and Dale S. Rogers, 2002). 3. Research questions Do you typically return a whole system, or rather just a subset of components, and where should the items go next? What is the importance of reverse logistics in cost reduction? How reverse logistics influence environmental and social retail environment? How to improve supply chain management with the help of reverse logistics? How to encourage customer loyalty using reverse logistics? 4. Expected Contributions Primark, is a well known retail stores were people do a purchase in bulk due to its low prices. Demand is changing with a high pace; customer may like something today and something else tomorrow and to keep up with this pace organizations need to adopt returns management. For a clothes store like Primark, which go as per the market demand, they need to update themselves with time as customers these days are all looking for style, current trends and so on. This isn’t easy to predict, no one can really forecast what is in today and out tomorrow, this is where returns management comes in picture. A company should know how to reuse or resell by doing some refurbishment. Retail stores and even other suppliers have exchange policies or payback policies which provides customer with an ease of exchanging goods and supplies, once these items are returned, it then goes to production houses for refurbishment or to see what can be done with them in order to reuse or resell them. Organizations in order to survive the competition and to maintain a good customer relationship have to be good at exchange policies and need to shorten the time from accepting the returns to the actual supplier so that they can reduce the operational costs and increase profitability. The important task of management is to mind the gap between returning of products till the time it reaches the supplier; this plays an important role in reducing the costs and increasing the profitability. Keeping the customers happy is the only source of income, so satisfying all they need is really very important. A recent case study implies that Primark is looking for a solution which would facilitate an increase in its volumes which were projected to grow by 30% per annum- from 45,000 cartons daily to levels of 100,000 by 2010. 5. Methodology 5.1 The research method This piece of study or investigation emphasizes more on the utilisation of the reverse logistics approach in retail business like that of renowned store primark. The investigation consists of field as well as desk study. The field study will be done on evaluating company’s annual turnover, sales and collection of relevant data via company’s website, conducting interviews with various decision makers of concerned departments. Desk study or research will consider examining literature collected via the website of the retail store, retail industries journals, press, statistics and magazines and other media sources. 5.2The concept of interview An analytical study via interview will be conducted for the collection of primary data. The concept is to evaluate the validity and implementation of current reverse logistical operations in the retail business of primark. Interviews are particularly useful for getting the story behind a participant’s experiences. The interviewer can pursue in-depth information around the topic. Interviews may be useful as follow-up to certain respondents to questionnaires, e.g., to further investigate their responses (McNamara,1999). The qualitative research interview seeks to describe and the meanings of central themes in the life world of the subjects. The main task in interviewing is to understand the meaning of what the interviewees say(Kvale,1996). 5.3 Interviews The store manager of primark. The manager of marketing department. The manager of finance department. 6. Proposed study timetable Period Aim Task Duration (days) February, 2010 -March, 2010 Collect key principles and research strategic data Finding relevant literatures and evaluating it, online survey methods, interpreting research questions. 15 March, 2010 – April, 2010 First meeting with supervisor Finalizing the benchmark of the research area. Discuss the coursework and the research subject of the dissertation. 15 April, 2010 – May, 2010 Utilisation of resources Strategic and Statistical analysis of the data and writing the output. 25 May, 2010 – July, 2010 Analysing and justifying key findings Interpreting and formulating the relevancy of the collected data for making the supreme structure. 55 July, 2010 Second meeting with supervisor Following the guidelines of the supervisor step by step and implementing the necessary changes to be made. 25 August, 2010 Third meeting with supervisor Fully utilising the resources in-order to follow the concept and application. Completing the initial draft and heading towards next step. 25 September, 2010 Final meeting with supervisor Finishing the remaining part and Submitting the two copies with a CD of softcopy on 24th September, 2010. 10 7. Resource Implications It would be more helpful to make the use of newsletters, online forum, regular meetings through events, telephonic calls. All this is done to analyze the data and to know how often does primark change its outstanding stocks on the shelves, check the unsold stock to avoid wastage in-order to make improvements in the reverse logistics processes. The presence of application system is important now-a-days in order to maintain and analyze the huge amount of data collected through staff meetings. 8. Evaluation It is quite clear that in the future, more firms will lavish considerable attention on reverse logistics. Many firms have only become aware of the importance of reverse logistics relatively, and have yet to realize the strategic importance of reverse logistics. The impact of reverse logistics in retail industry
QSO 328 Southern New Hampshire Environmental and Social Sustainability Plan Paper.

I’m working on a business report and need a sample draft to help me understand better.

I need 3 short papers written on the same company. they are all pieces of the same project. The case study focuses on sustainability plans and efforts for the chosen company. I also included the 1st 2 milestones I did so you have the idea of what’s going on.all 3 assignment details and rubrics are attached. I would like these completed by Sunday 9pm.The case study company is Cummins. They have a very clear sustainability plan laid out on their websitepaying top dollar because I need these done on time.
QSO 328 Southern New Hampshire Environmental and Social Sustainability Plan Paper

GEOG 217 KFU Middle Latitude Circulation Westerlies & Polar Front Jet Questions.

I’m working on a geography writing question and need support to help me learn.

1- write between 1.5-2 pages for each question. if you need to write more, you could go farther.2- you have to answer 3 questions from the first four questions, and one question of question 5 and 6. 3- You have to mention the resources for your answers, and they should be in APA style. really good sources like NOAA and NWS.4- You can not use Wikipedia as a resource.5- There have be no plagiarism or any kind of cheating.6-There has to be guarantee to get 85% and above!7- The professor is a tough grader!
GEOG 217 KFU Middle Latitude Circulation Westerlies & Polar Front Jet Questions

How Effective is Metadata?

ABSTRACT: In a highly growing technological world, large organizations deal with huge amount of information. With this rapid growth the retrieval of historical information has become a compulsory task for the decision makers. Here is where data warehouse comes into play. Data warehouse is a collection of integrated databases designed to support managerial decision making and problem solving functions. Metadata is one of the most important feature available in data warehouse. In this paper we are going to explain how effective is metadata in data warehouse and how it helps in improvising the performance measures of the data warehouse making it highly efficient. INTRODUCTION: Retrieving the required information from data warehouse without metadata will be a daunting task. metadata is a small piece of data which tells the decision making analysts what kind of data is it and where it is stored. Thus making the task easy and time saving. Metadata has a significant role in data warehouse. There are of two parts front room and back room metadata. The back room metadata helps in extraction, cleaning and loading. the front room metadata is descriptive type helping in smooth functioning. While creating the data warehouse for large organizations one or more meta data has to be stored, for this meta model is been created. Meta model is a conceptual model for metadata database where meta data of a warehouse are stored. It renders detailed description of metadata units and their relationship existing between them. The metadata type and their abstraction level has a direct impact on building a meta model. Meta data management system mostly follows the federal structure (i.e.) combining the advantages of both centralized and distributed structures enabling a variety of meta database for storage. Meta model should be highly scalable so that when the application requirements change the users can customize the application specific component of metadata. EFFECTS OF METADATA ON DATA WAREHOUSE: Metadata and its management play a very important role in data warehouse system. When a user needs to access a data in data warehouse, he first looks into the metadata for where it is located in that cluster of information. What if the metadata is not present, the user has to skim through the whole information to find out his required information which is practically an impossible task. Thus metadata showing up to be highly efficient in data warehouse. In context with data warehouse, metadata is majorly classified as business, technical and operational meta data. Business metadata explains about business definition, policies and others. Technical metadata has all technical information such as db. system names, tables, columns names, data types and values. Whereas operational metadata shows the currency of data. Meta data also ensures code reusability, accuracy, consistency and integrity of the system. It highly supports the development, maintenance and upgradation of Data warehouse. LIMITATIONS: When different layers of metadata fail to communicate and update successfully, the users will land up in wrong search of data. SOLUTION: A proper maintenance should be done on a timely basis and a notification mechanism should be initiated whenever such updating does not take place to ensure that metadata has updated and works fine. A good quality data warehouse should ensure good performance measures such as quality control, confidentiality of data, integrity, availability etc. Here we are going to see how metadata is playing a vital role in improvising the performance measures of data warehouse. QUALITY CONTROL BY METADATA: Implementation of data warehouse is a most efficient solution for decision makers. In some cases, data warehouse fails to meet the requirements due to lack of data quality. The major area where the data quality fails is while integrating the input sources. In a metadata quality control system, initially the demands for quality are gathered from the user and then convert these requirements into specifications. These specifications are added to metadata. Along with this metadata, total data warehouse architecture is combined so the data is examined along the dataflow. This security mechanism is implemented in metadata since the metadata repository is responsible for each and every characteristic of data present in the warehouse. Hence applying quality demands in metadata helps to rectify the quality issues in data warehouse. ADVANTAGES: The quality demands of the user are satisfied, efficiency is improved, performance measure is boosted. LIMITATION: Firstly, though the quality control measure is applied in the initial stage, the data after stored in the warehouse do not guarantee the same quality. secondly, there is a slight modification in the warehouse architecture in accordance to the quality control model which may affect the performance of the warehouse. SOLUTION: A proper quality check should be carried out even after the data is stored in warehouse by involving quality maintenances in warehouse and also before involving modification in warehouse architecture the performance measure is to be checked so that it does not affect the efficiency. SECURITY MEASURES BY METADATA: A high quality data warehouse should have highly confidential storage system. Security is more important in this competitive world where hacking of information no more a big deal. Data warehouse is an inaccessible system providing huge of amount of data easily available for users. Security aspects are considered before building the data warehouse and inserted in the metadata in the the user will be restricted to only a particular area where the access is provided, the rest data cannot be accessed unless proper authentication is provided. Inserting security measures after developing data warehouse will not be that effective and cost efficient. We apply security measure in metadata since applying it to the other parts will affect the performance of data warehouse and also it won’t end up in an efficient way. ADVANTAGES: Confidentiality of the data is maintained, illegal authentication is prohibited, increases the performance. LIMITATION: This security model is advantageous for those kind of data whose content is described by metadata and also it restricts the access to users, so the users end up making decision with the available decision thus indirectly affecting the performance of data warehouse. SOLUTION: Rather than giving authentication to a area, security system should be designed in such a way that only highly trusted users are let in the warehouse and are allowed to migrate throughout the system and make the better decision by considering all the available data. CRITICAL REASONING: For large organizations, metadata management is of great importance and great potential. Metadata not only provide information about the data in warehouse but also, helps in boosting various performance measures by which the user requirements are satisfied. By improving the quality of the data, consistency and efficiency is maintained in warehouse. By providing a secured data to the users as per their demands increases the performance of the warehouse. Other security measures and quality control measures involves more complexity than that of one involving metadata. So, using metadata would be a simple and prudent choice. CONCLUSION: In this goal, driven business environment, it is important to serve the demands of the user rather than giving them a comprehensive result. Metadata is a small part in data warehouse architecture but in turn provides huge effects in functioning. Meta data gives meaning to data and adds clarity to the users. hereby we summarize the effects of metadata in data warehouse and how it helps in improving the performance measures of warehouse. This performance improvement techniques using metadata is not widely followed because of lack of understanding of importance of metadata and, the metadata management has higher degree of complexity. So, by this we get to know that metadata is essential and highly effective in data warehousing.


essay writer free This best strategy for a given firm is ultimately a unique construction reflecting it’s particular. – MICHAEL E. PORTER This topic discusses on the various strategies available for/adapted by firms in various business scenarios or market conditions. Listed below are the different market environments and the strategies that managers have the option of adapting in order to make strategic decisions and face challenges in order to survive in the market. STRATEGIES FOR COMPETING IN EMERGING INDUSTRIES OF THE FUTURE Emerging industries are the early formative stage of a company. The features of companies in this industry are latest technology, adding human resource, acquiring constructing facilities, broadening distribution and marketing channels, gearing up operating facilities and gaining buyer acceptance. Emerging industries face issues such as product design problem and technological problems that remain to be sorted out. Market is new and has an unproven track record and so there is an uncertainty of how the market will behave, how fast it will grow and how big it will get. Strategists should be aware of the new technological development in product design and in the production of products and services. Strategic managers study the factors like competitors, demand, market, technology and socio-cultural, political and legal environment. Companies strong in resources tend to emerge as winners in the segment. Strategy manager should adopt generic strategies to keep costs and price of expenditure low. Marketers’ task is to induce initial purchase and to overcome customers concerns over the product features and performance reliability. Utilize potential buyers’ feedback as they always try to improve the quality of the product and services of the company. Strategic managers are required to have ample suppliers to offset uncertainty in supply by certain suppliers. In case of under capitalization, managers must look to tie up with capital rich firms or look to being acquired by financially strong firms. How to succeed in an emerging industry Perfect in technology to improve product quality and to develop attractive performance features in the product and service. Acquire or form alliance with companies strong in technology to out compete rivals. Adapt to the change in technology market. Win the early race for industrial leadership by taking bold moves in creating strategies and with risk taking entrepreneurship. Make it easy and cheap for first time buyers to try the industry as first gen product. STRATEGIES FOR COMPETING IN TURBULENT HIGH-VELOCITY MARKET The central strategy making challenge in this kind of an environment is managing change. Reacting to change Adjust to the monetary and legal policies of the government. Launch better products in the market in response to competitors’ offerings. Respond quick to unexpected changes in buyers’ needs and preferences. Strategists react and respond quickly to problems that arise. Anticipating change Perform market research to study buyers’ behaviour, needs and expectations to get an insight on how the market will evolve and then reacting to change. Opens up the doors for new opportunities and hence is a better way to manage change than simply react to the change. Analyze opportunities for going global. Monitors technological developments to design product’s future path. Adapt strategies such as strong distribution channel, add/adopt resources and competitive capabilities, improving the existing product line. Leading the change Set standards in the industry. Pioneer new and updated technology. Introduce new and innovative products that open up a new market or even spur the creation of a whole new industry. Invest aggressively in R

Evaluation of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA)

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) is a federal legislation that was enacted in 1974 and has been reauthorized multiple times, in fact the recent reauthorization was recently amended on January 7, 2019 (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Children’s Bureau, 2019). CAPTA was essentially enacted to target prevention, assessment, identification and treatment of child abuse and neglect. In addition, it is a federal law that directs Child Protective Services (CPS) across the country, including New Mexico, through funding, guidance, and grants, which also includes Indian Tribes and Tribal organizations (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Children’s Bureau, 2019). Since this federal law aims to help child abuse and neglect, they established their own Federal definition of what child abuse and neglect is and what it consists of; meaning that a definition for child abuse is not universal. In 2015, however, the Federal definition of child abuse and neglect has been expanded by Justice for Victims of Trafficking Act to include a child who is considered a victim of sex trafficking or any form of trafficking (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Children’s Bureau, 2019). CAPTA funds are limited and there are requirements and guidelines the states must adhere to before obtaining the CAPTA state grant. In order to do so, in section 106b of CAPTA, each state needs to have a specific area they will focus on. It is made up of 14 program areas which the state chooses to improve in support of ensuring better assistance to states in proving their child protective services system (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Children’s Bureau, 2019). They then report this to qualify for the funding. Furthermore, in New Mexico, the state has chosen the programs in accordance with CAPTA that will be focused on provided with the grant funds. New Mexico has chosen to use CAPTA’s funding through 10 program areas to concentrate on. In the CYFD state grant program report of 2018, it is demonstrated that Program 1 focuses on the investigation regarding reports of child abuse or neglect. Program 2 improves the use of multidisciplinary teams to boost investigations; Program 3 is intended to focus on case management as well as services and treatment given to children and their families; Program 4 focuses on providing better child protective systems by implementing risk and safety assessment tools; Program 5 improves the systems of technology which helps to keep track of child abuse and neglect intake; Program 6 focuses on training for supervisors. Program 7 improves the skills or competency of workers providing services to clients; Program 8 aims to help with implementing research-based strategy training for workers assigned to report child abuse and neglect; Program area 10 delivers public education regarding what child protection system does as well as how to report suspected incidents of child abuse; and the last Program area 14 develops and implements procedures for collaboration within child protective services and other agencies (New Mexico Children, Youth, and Families, New Mexico State Plan, 2018). According to the Report to Congress on the Effectiveness of CAPTA, it is difficult to have a concise knowledge of the effectives of each individual state because of the information that is available through the state CAPTA plans (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Children’s Bureau, 2019). In addition, they view information through CAPTA’s annual updates provided by each state reports to see how they are determining improvements and they also assess state performance by looking into the Annual Report to Congress on Child Welfare Outcomes (U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Children’s Bureau, 2010). In the CAPTA annual state data report in 2018 which provided by the New Mexico Children, Youth and Families Department (CYFD), 26, 597 children were reported to the State during year as victims of child abuse and neglect (New Mexico Children, Youth, and Families, New Mexico State Plan, 2018). 8, 577 children were substantiated and 17, 534 were unsubstantiated. The report noted that Protective Services Division (PSD) do not collect information on false reports. 7, 394 children were reported to receive services from the state, however the number of children not receiving services from the state was not available. The report also included the number of children receiving preventative services from the state which was 241 but did not report on the number of families that received preventative services from the state during that year. The report also provided information on the Child Protective Services Workforce which included their qualifications and their education. There was other information that was not available or reported on the 2018 Annual Report, like CPS response time, number of children who are drug affected at birth. In CYFD’s 2018 Annual Progress and Services Report, it is noted that a lot of the safety outcomes for children have increased or declined from the previous years in 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017, and 2018 (New Mexico Children, Youth, and families, Annual Progress and Services Report, 2018). In safety outcome 1, the highest reported percentage of children protected from abuse and neglect went from the highest of 91.8% in 2014 to 85.5% in 2018. In permanency outcome 1, children have permanency and stability in their living situations from a low 19.2% in 2014 to 25.6% in 2018. In well-being outcome 1, families have enhanced capacity to provide for their children’s needs went from 30% in 2014 to 35.7% in 2018. Well-being outcome 3: children receive adequate services to meet their physical and mental health needs declined from a 64.1% in 2014 to a 58.95% in 2018. The mental or behavioral health of a child decreased from 66.7% in 2014 to 63.9% in 2018. In the included update report, they mention that they acknowledge that some of the numbers are still low but have been working to change that by improving training for supervisors on a state level to implement framework (New Mexico Children, Youth, and families Annual Progress and Services Report, 2018). A weakness of CAPTA is how severely underfunded they are (Prevent Child Abuse America, Federal Policy Agenda, 2019). The result of underfunding is that it has led to uneven implementation that is mandated in the requirements by CAPTA (Prevent Child Abuse America, Federal Policy Agenda, 2019). Thus, it may be beneficial if CAPTA were to receive more funding. Furthermore, increasing the fund would potentially give states the opportunity to expand their local services and work thoroughly with the population most affected by child abuse since each state knows what area to focus on without being limited. In addition, having more money may allow states to also focus on and implement the prevention of child abuse and neglect before it occurs. References About CAPTA: A Legislative History. (n.d.). Retrieved from Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) State Grants. (n.d.). Retrieved from New Mexico Children, Youth and Families Department 2018 Annual Progress Services Report. (n.d.). Retrieved from New Mexico State Plan Protective Services . (2018, September 25). Retrieved from Prevent Child Abuse America 2019 Federal Public Policy Agenda. (n.d.). Retrieved from Report to Congress on the Effectiveness of CAPTA. (n.d.). Retrieved from

For your blog assignment, find a news report where the authors are reporting a measure of central tendency (mode,

For your blog assignment, find a news report where the authors are reporting a measure of central tendency (mode, median, or mean) or a correlation. Provide a link to the new report or article. (Be sure to include the link! I cannot grade your blog entry without it) Briefly summarize (in your own words) what is being discussed by the authors. BE SURE that the author is reporting a measure of central tendency (mode, median, or mean) or a correlation. Percentages are NOT sufficient statistical information for the purposes of this blog entry. Next, based on knowledge learned in this module, discuss whether you think the data was presented and interpreted correctly by the authors. Support your assertions using material learned in this module. Be sure that you put this information in your own words! The purpose of this assessment is for you to demonstrate that you can read through your article and provide the relevant information indicated in the prompts for this blog entry. If you have any questions about what you are reading or how to recap the article without plagiarizing the original content, please feel free to contact me. (You will want to do so far enough in advance of the due date to get feedback and complete your blog entry before you have to submit your blog entry.) Title your entry M3: Application of Statistical Reasoning. In addition to your own blog posts on the subject, I encourage you to read and perhaps even respond to a blog post from another student. While reading others and responding is not part of your grade, it will help you to better understand the material and aid with your learning. Grades for the blog will be assigned using the PSYCH 201 Blog Rubric. I strongly encourage you to review this rubric before starting each blog assignment. This rubric is available in the right hand column of the Blog area, as well as in the course Grade Center. As well as providing well-thought-out responses to the prompts, you are expected to provide entries that demonstrate college-level writing skills; as noted in the blog rubric, grammar and spelling will count towards your grade. Note: Each blog entry is worth 15 points, for a total of 225 points (15 points x 15 entries). There is one column in the Grade Center for your blog, so your point total will continue to grow throughout the course for this assignment. Don’t panic when, after this entry, the Grade Center might indicate that you received 45/225! It really would be 15/15 for the entry, since each entry is worth 15 points. Review this video Creating and Editing a Blog Entry if you need assistance with this feature. See Calendar for due date.