Jamestown Swampy, muggy peninsula, Virginia Founded 1607, for means of gold and new trade routes Non-unified, individualists Captain John Smith Solved some problems temporarily: Disease, malnutrition, and starvation No uniform, division of labor (Problems could have been prevented if gold wasn’t the focus) 1609-1610 “starving time” Tobacco cultivation, basis for economy “headright” system: each settler would receive 50 acres Conflict with Powhatan Confederacy Imposing on land Disease
Families that powered through would become the wealthiest in Virginia Slave society by 18th c (profits made slaves cheaper than indentured servants) Chesapeake, Royal colony 2. Virginia Colony Survival The Virginia colonies began poorly The colonist suffered harsh winters and depended on the Native Americans for survival The true survival of the Virginia colonies was not certain until tobacco was introduced by John Rolfe Tobacco gave Virginia a monopoly and secured the well- being of the colonies 3. Roger Williams English theologian in the Plymouth Colony Disagreed with the teachings of the Church of England
Believed that: Plymouth settlers had no right to their land without paying Indians Plymouth Puritanism was too close to Anglicanism Church and state should be kept separate He was exiled from Plymouth and founded Providence (Rhode Island) 4. Anne Hutchinson Outspoken religious figure in the Massachusetts Bay Colony Organized meetings to discuss sermons where she expressed her personal theological views Believed that the destiny of a person’s soul was predestined from birth Governor Winthrop banished her from the colony She was murdered in Long Island Sound by Indians 5.
Puritan Massachusetts Politics and Religion Puritan community was divided into two groups: Separatists and non-Separatists Separatists – saw themselves as different from the corrupt English society; they fled to the New World and established what they felt were ideal Christian communities Non-Separatists – remained in England to try to retorm the church trom the inside but could not succeed The Separatists secured a charter from King Charles I to form the Massachusetts Bay Company and began to establish colonies For several years, the charter was used as a constitution for the Company Separatist Puritans set up hurches and governments for their own companies 6.
Halfway Covenant Doctrinal decision of the first generation of the Congregational Churches of New England, 1662 Liberalized membership rules so that more people would be included, which would lead to a stronger (unified, less rebellious) society Aimed to heighten the Church’s role (authority) in society 7. Blue Laws Prohibited commercial activities on Sunday Gambling, alcohol consumption, cooking, sweeping, sex, even business operation Not intended to allow “rest” to workers, but required Church attendance First enacted in 1617 Favored only Christian religions (darn Jews never get a break) Violators were humiliated or punished by neighbors 8. Harvard and Yale Harvard- 1st colonial college founded in 1636 Yale- 1701 Attended by only the rich young men of the genteel culture Originally founded for aspiring ministers Mid-1700s: math sciences, law, and medicine were added to the curricula. Greatly affected by Enlightenment changes 9.
Quakers Members of Society of Friends Rejected hierarchies Believed anyone could be saved by directly receiving God’s “inner light” All people are equal in the eyes of God Males and females may preach the words of God No formal clergy Mary Dyer Migration to Pennsylvania City Quakers become merchants and artisans Mainland/Caribbean Quakers come equipped for agricultural lifestyle 10. Pennsylvania Founded by proprietor William Penn in 1681 Quaker colony; religious toleration Middle colony All Christina men could vote Right to bail, trial by Jury, representative assembly Plentiful and fertile land Positive relationship with Indians Forbade sale of alcohol to Indians Germans, Dutch immigrants Received most of European immigrants Held most religious
Bending of Cantilever Beams lab
I need the folwing part ONLY:
.Data analysis and discussions [ ]:
a. For the uniform cross-section beam, give a graphical schematic showing how the bending moment and the
shear force diagram vary as a function of ‘x’ using one of the applied loads [ ].
b. Plot the applied force vs. axial strain diagram (P-e diagram) and calculate the elastic modulus through
linear regression of the collected data [ ].
c. Calculate and report the Poisson’s ratio (mean and the standard deviation) [ ].
d. Examine the concept of the constant stress beam using the data collected from the experiment and the
theory outlined in section 3.2
ALL NEEDED DATA WILL BE GIVEN
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