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The greenhouse my assignment essay help Psychology essay help

IntroductionThe greenhouse effect is a process by which thermal radiation from a planetary surface is absorbed by atmospheric greenhouse gases, and is re-radiated in all directions. Since part of this re-radiation is back towards the surface and the lower atmosphere, it results in an elevation of the average surface temperature above what it would be in the absence of the Solar radiation at the frequencies of visible light largely passes through the atmosphere to warm the planetary surface, which then emits this energy at the lower frequencies of infrared thermal radiation.

Infrared radiation is absorbed by greenhouse gases, which in turn re-radiate much of the energy to the surface and lower atmosphere. The mechanism is named after the effect of solar radiation passing through glass and warming a greenhouse, but the way it retains heat is fundamentally different as a greenhouse works by reducing airflow, isolating the warm air inside the structure so that heat is not lost by convection What is Green House Effect ? The name “Green- house effect” comes from the fact that this effect is use in horticulture for the up bringing of green plant’s in small house made of glass walls and glass root.

The green walls and roofs of a green-house allows the sun-light to come in freely but it does not allows the long wavelength infrared radiations reflected by the soil, plants and other contents of green house to go out. These trapped intra-red rays show their heating effect due to which the temperature is raised inside the green house. Thus, even without an external supply of heat, the temperature inside a green house is found to be higher than it is outside. Thus, green house acts as a heat trap.

Due to the presence of carbon dioxide, our atmosphere acts like the glass rat of an ordinary horticultural green-house. Origin of the term:The term ‘greenhouse effect’ is named by analogy to greenhouses. Greenhouses are basically built with materials like glass or plastic because these materials trap the radiation from the sun and help heat the surface inside the greenhouse. Greenhouses are mostly built up in places having temperature lower than the normal, such as the places at high altitudes, thus aids the growth of the seedlings required for vegetation and also planting.

Objective 1: Minimise Greenhouse Gas Emissions There is overwhelming scientific evidence that human-induced greenhouse gas emissions are responsible for increasingly unstable eather patterns, overall global warming, declining ice levels, rising sea levels and increased ocean acidification. Objective 2: Minimise Natural Resource Consumption wasteful use of natural resources creates additional environmental burdens associated with the creation of waste which must be treated or disposed of, creating additional environmental impacts.

Objective 4: Minimise other adverse impacts to the environmentunless sound practices are followed, there is potential during the construction process for nuisance to surrounding neighbours which include noise and vibration, dust and pollution of waterways. Objective 5: Seek pportunities to enhance or restore to the environmentDevelopment provides an important opportunity to enhance the natural environment. This includes using the development as a lever to remediate or otherwise enhance the value of land.

Objective 7: Maximise sustainabili ty research and learning opportunities As an educational institution, UTS has both a responsibility and a powerful opportunity to harness the opportunities for learning about sustainable building associated with the implementation of the City Campus Master Plan, and to promulgate these learnings within the construction industry and wider community. The Greenhouse Effect and its importance The greenhouse gases act like a blanket, preventing much of the heat reflected by the earth’s surface from escaping directly into space.

By slowing the release of cooling radiation, these gases warm the Earth’s surface. While this is a natural process that is essential to life on Earth, the trouble starts when the concentration of these Greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere increases. The result is an increase in the Earth’s temperature, also known as – Global Warming. Global Warming is the gradual increase of the average temperature of Earth’s tmosphere and oceans, which can contribute to changes in global climate patterns.

Global warming in turn interferes with the Earth’s climatic systems, resulting in climate change. Global warming could have disastrous effects on the environment (polar ice melts, changes in amount and pattern of rainfall, sea level rise, frequent floods and droughts, hurricanes and typhoons). It would cause large-scale species extinction and have serious impacts on human lives (freshwater availability, agricultural yields, increases in the spatial and quantitative ranges of disease vectors), as well as on economic infrastructure (such as energy, transport and ndustry).

What are the Greenhouse Gases? carbon Dioxide (C02) *Nitrogen Oxides (NxO) Methane(CH4) *Sulphur Hexafluoride (SF6) *Chlorofluorocarbons (CFC’s) ozone (03) *Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC’s) Water Vapour (H20 gas) *Perfluorocarbons (PFC’s) Methodology for Enhanced Greenhouse Effect Measurement & Data Because the climate change signals are subtle, i. e. , 0. 5 degree centigrade per 100 years as observed, or even the predicted temperature change of 1. to 4. 5 degree centigrade in 50 years, amounting to a maximum annual rate of change of 0. 09 degree centigrade per year, observational requirements tor the detection ot climate change nd greenhouse effects are more stringent in terms of accuracy, precision, spatial coverage, and time series. Some related issues are listed in the following: Changes in instrumentation (sensor and/or calibration) Changes in location and exposure of sensors (e. g. surface stations) Changes in the methods of observation (e. g. , ship measurements of sea surface temperature) Changes in computational procedures (e. g. , for mean daily temperature) Changes in satellite algorithms that derive physical or geophysical parameters from spectral information Changes in data assimilation models (physics) used to compute variables r parameters that are not directly measured (e. g. , fluxes of heat, momentum, water vapor).

None of the existing observational systems were designed, implemented, or operated to directly and automatically provide our needed long-term calibrated data with global coverage for climate change studies. Furthermore, it is necessary to obtain high-frequency sampling, preferably several times per day, to gather meaningful statistics on rapid atmospheric processes, particularly those affecting clouds, radiation, and precipation. In order to meet these kind of requirements, the Earth Observing System (EOS) has been proposed.

The measurement methods and data sets for some greenhouse effect related variables are stated in the following: Sea Surface Temperature Global Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (C02) and Methane (CH4) Concertrations Surface Skin Temperature Satellite measurements of SST are based on techniques in which spaceborne infra- red and microwave radiometers detect thermally emitted radiation from the ocean surface.

Determining SST from satellite data therefore requires an understanding of the processes by which electromagnetic radiation is emitted and reflected at the cean surface, and emitted and attenuated by the atmosphere. These processes can be modeled theoretically. To minimize atmospheric effects, measurements must be made at wavelengths well-defined “window” regions of the infra-red and microwave spectrum, where the attenuation due to atmospheric constituents is small.

Under favorable atmospheric and surface conditions, simple linear algorithms may provide reasonably accurate SST retrievals from either infra-red or microwave measurements. Global vegetation mapping is important for monitoring the global climate change and greenhouse effects. In order to monitor vegetation at global and continental scales, global normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) data has been collected from the National Oceanographic and Atmospheric Administration’s (NOAA) Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR). The AVHRR sensor collects observations in both the red and infrared parts of the spectrum.

The red spectral measurements are sensitive to the chlorophyll content of vegetation because chlorophyll causes considerable absorption of incoming radiation, and the near infrared to the mesophyll structure ot leaves which leads to considerable retlectance. Since the tlrst s an inverse relationship and the second a direct relationship, the NDVI defined as the normalized ratio (IR-Red)/(lR+Red) has close relationships with a number of vegetation attributes, such as the photosynthetic capacity of specific vegetation types, percentage vegetation cover and green leaf biomass.

Thus, the NDVI has become the most commonly used remotely sensed measure of vegetation activity. Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide (C02) and Methane (CH4) Concertrations Precise record od past and present atmospheric carbon dioxide (C02) and methane (CH4) concertrations are critical to the studies of the greenhouse effects. There are a variety of techniques to determine past levels of the atmospheric gases, including direct measurements of trapped air in polar ice cores, indirect determinations from carbon isotopis in tree rings, and measurements of carbon and oxygen isotopic changes in carbon sediments in deep-ocean cores.

The modern period of measurements can be taken through air samples at the monitoring stations around the world. Surface Skin Temperature The global surface skin temperatures can be obtained from the TOVS (TIROS Operational Vertical Sounder) data set. It was generated from data obtained from the HIRS/2 (High resolution Infrared Radiation Sounder) and MSIJ (Microwave Sounding Unit) instruments. The HIRS/2 instrument measures radiation emitted by the Earth- atmosphere system in 19 regions of the infrared spectrum between 3. 7 and 15 microns.

The MSU instrument makes passive microwave radiation measurements in four regions of the 50 GHz oxygen emission spectrum. In particular, the combination of HIRS/2 channels and MSU channels is useful in eliminating the effects of cloudiness on the satellite-observed infrared radiances, thus providing improved estimates of the surface skin temperature. Observing The Greenhouse Effect Across The Solar System Our planet is warming up, and experts warn that the consequences will be serious. To see precisely how the process works, scientists need as much information as possible and from many different sources.

There are valuable clues out in space. ESA’s missions to Venus, Mars, and Saturn’s moon Titan will soon provide useful information to understand how our own planet’s climate is regulated. The Earth’s climate seems to be changing much more quickly than it used to do. We are altering one of our planet’s natural temperature regulators’ the greenhouse effect. The reenhouse effect determines the flow of energy arriving at and leaving from Earth. The Sun’s energy heats the Earth’s surface and the planet radiates energy back into space. However, certain atmospheric gases trap some of the outgoing energy, retaining heat.

Without this natural phenomenon, average temperatures on Earth would be 30 degrees lower than the current 15 degrees Celsius. Unfortunately, fossil- fuel combustion and deforestation release large amounts of greenhouse gases to the atmosphere, strengthening the greenhouse ettect. Global temperatures nave increased more than half a degree in the last century as a result. For a really strong greenhouse effect, we should look at Venus. Venus is similar to Earth in terms of size and mass, but its surface temperature is about 460 degrees Celsius. This is hot enough to melt lead!

The Venusian atmosphere is mainly made up of carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas. On Earth, carbon dioxide makes up only a tiny fraction of the atmosphere. However, man-made emissions have caused carbon dioxide concentrations here to increase by about 30% since pre-industrial times. Why is there so much carbon dioxide in the Venusian atmosphere? What made Venus evolve so differently from Earth? Good questions. That is precisely one of the things we want to find out” says Hakan Svedhem, Project Scientist for ESA’s mission Venus Express, due for launch in 2005.

Is Venus a mirror that reflects how the Earth will be if global warming continues at its current speed? “Venus will help us understand what happens when the greenhouse effect is really extreme. However, it’s not a good example of what will happen to Earth due to human activities. Life on Earth would disappear due to the extreme temperatures much before reaching even half of the concentrations of carbon dioxide on Venus! ” says Svedhem. As a complete contrast to Venus, there is Mars. The Red Planet displays hardly any greenhouse effect.

Dance Concert Response

Dance Concert Response.

All responses must discuss at least two pieces from the concert in the body of this assignment, one from the first act and one from the second act of the concert. In other words, one from before intermission and one from after intermission; if no intermission is given, please discuss one piece/section from the beginning and one from the end of the concert. Each response must in the body also discuss at least one technical element (lights, costumes, sound/music, and/or sets). ASSIGNMENT LAYOUT GUIDELINES Introduction: (2 points total) LIST in upper right or upper left hand corner of the response Student’s Name, Date (Angus Pang 11/2/2018) DNCEXXX: TITLE OF CLASS, Professor’s name [LIST ALL COURSES FOR WHICH THE RESPONSE IS BEING SUBMITTED] Please indicate the Role in concert (for example: audience, performer, usher, concessions, or crew) Do not include “Running title:” or your name in the header TITLE OF THE RESPONSE followed by the CONCERT TITLE in center above the introduction paragraph PARAGRAPH introduction must include Student attendance date and location (EXAMPLE theater, studio, art gallery, other?). Name of company performing (EXAMPLE California State University, Sacramento, Department of Theatre and Dance or Sacramento Ballet) Please list the Choreographers; Composers; and Name of Individual Pieces only as they relate directly to your response. For shows with a group of choreographers or collection of pieces DO NOT list all choreographers, performers, composers, or each individual piece. GRAMMAR NOTE: Please reference choreographers, musicians, and performers by surnames as appropriate for formal writing (in general, all people in formal writing are addressed by their full name the first time mentioned and then their formal or surname/last name for each reference following the initial one).

Close the introduction with a few sentences that give a formal impression of the concert. DO NOT use “like”, “emotions”, or “favorite,” remembering that this is objective analysis not subjective evaluation, do not describe your personal experience of attending the concert *CONCERT TICKET SUBMISSION (response will not be accepted without ticket) Clearly write YOUR NAME AND SIGN the front of the ticket; if no ticket is given at the dance event or performance please see course specific professor for accepted items Take a picture of the ticket (with name and signature), and include it as an image in your document. Body: Identify and Interpret Elements of Performance (16 points) In essay format, address the following prompts for one piece from the first act and one piece from the second act. What elements can be IDENTIFIED in each of the pieces being discussed? Be sure to consider genre or style of movement, choreographic elements, and/or technical elements (lights, costumes, sound/music, and/or sets), etc. DESCRIBE the elements in prompt 1 in more detail and describe what in the piece made you able to identify those elements for each piece. Be sure to consider dance specific terminology or historical/cultural concepts. Using the identified and described elements from above, RELATE them to the course material, including ideas of technique, choreography, and/or historical/cultural concepts. Be sure to describe specific aspects of the performance to support your interpretations. Also consider how technical elements (lights, costumes, sound/music, and/or sets) and theoretical concepts could be applied. Using all elements identified, described, and related, now ASSESS the artistic impact of the pieces. Consider your interpretation of the piece and how to support your personal ideas with the objective identified/described/related discussions Consider comparing the two pieces in your discussion by highlighting each piece’s similarities or contrasting the two pieces through their differences. Consider the use of genre specific technique aesthetics, the use of choreographic tools and ideas, and/or references to cultural/historical perspectives in the assessment. Closing: (2 points) Close the essay by summarizing the body of the essay and reiterating the formal impression from the introduction into a closing statement that uses the elements discussion to support your idea/impression of the concert. P.S. Pretend you are the audience. The link I attached is the show. I havent gone watched it,but it has the information you need. If you wanna know more about their performance there should be tape online. Just follow the guildline, it is very important. Just make up something but the topic has to be the link I provided. https://www.harriscenter.net/on

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