Table of Contents Introduction Cultural dynamics Liberation in America Social changes Language Religion Conclusion Works Cited Introduction The terms women’s liberation and women’s movement are synonymous to the feminist movement. Women’s liberation refers to a stream of, “campaigns for reforms on issues such as reproductive rights, domestic violence, equal pay, sexual harassment, and sexual violence, all of which fall under the label feminism” (Freedman 34). The movement’s precedence varies from one state to another and from community to community. While movements in developed countries fight against the glass ceiling, those in a majority of the developing countries fight against female genital mutilation. Since the movement was established, it has witnessed three campaign phases. The movement uses the term “wave” to refer to each of the three phases. Freedman alleges, “The first wave involved the fight for political equality and suffrage by white women while the second wave tried to liberate women from cultural and social inequalities” (34). The third phase involved women staging war to claim their rights in the political sphere (Freedman 34). This paper will discuss the feminist movement in the United States. Cultural dynamics Humm posits, “The feminist movement’s agendas include acting as a counter to the putatively patriarchal strands in the dominant culture. …the movement has struggled to overthrow power holders, political structures, and cultural practices that give men superior powers over women” (27). Although one may trace the precursors of feminism back to the early 18th century, the present women’s liberation movement was established in early 19th century (Humm 31). Christine de Pizan was the first woman to champion for an overhaul of western cultures that discriminated against women. With time, other intellectuals like Marquis de Condorcet and Lady Mary Wortley Montagu began enlightening women about their rights. This led to many women adopting feminist thoughts, which eventually led to the establishment of the feminist movement. During this time, majority of the women languished in poverty and they could not fight for their rights. Therefore, the only women who benefited from the movement hailed from rich families (Humm 31). There were claims that, in the United States, rich women came up with the feminist movement to fight for their personal agendas. Today, the feminist movement still fights for rights of women in the majority of countries across the globe. For instance, the movement still exists in the United States, although it currently targets a different set of women. In most cases, people use the three phases of feminism to demonstrate how cultural values have been converted, shared, and improved (Hyde 45-47). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More Besides, they use the phases to show how the movement has struggled to restructure certain standards of its demands to accommodate a wide range of women. Nowadays the movement fights for the rights of women from minority groups as well as lesbians. The feminist movement still advocates for women to chase their dreams without fearing intimidation from men. Liberation in America The term women liberation originated from the United States. Women started the movement with intention of liberating themselves from men domination. Their initial agenda revolved around liberation. However, as the American culture kept evolving, women started introducing new agendas into the movement to cater for the changing cultural practices (Hyde 49). They knew that they could deliver themselves from social and cultural oppression by facing the repression as a group. Nevertheless, the initial movement did not see the representation of women from poor and minority groups. White women from affluent families managed the movement. Gloria Jean blamed the original movement for being based on social status and race (Hyde 52). This made it hard for the movement to address problems that alienated women. Racism deterred women from combining their efforts to fight sexism. Two branches that started calling for women liberation led to the establishment of the feminist movement in the United States. The branches established organizations like National Organization of Women (NOW) and Human Rights of Women, which tried to address economic hurdles facing women. They made women realize that working, as a group would help them solve a majority of the challenges they experienced (Hyde 57-63). This led to the establishment of the feminist movement, which aimed at liberating women from cultural and economic hardships. Social changes The feminist movement transformed the Western society in many ways (Plott and Lauri 60). For example, women acquired the right to make personal resolutions concerning maternity and separation. Women could not opt for abortion or use contraceptives without having to consult their husbands. Prior to the feminist movement, women could not own property in the Western society. The movement helped women to gain the right to acquire property and to get equal wages with men. These days, the feminist movement has evolved to accommodate the various facets of American culture. In America “most people are socialized to think in terms of opposition rather than compatibility” (Plott and Lauri 67). Consequently, the movement has effected social changes that do not only cater for equity in employment, right to vote, and reproductive rights, but also the acknowledgment of unfairness and the mechanisms that can be used to address this unfairness. We will write a custom Research Paper on The Feminist Movement specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Language Feminists prohibit the use of sexist language or words that aim at demeaning a certain gender. Plott and Lauri allege, “Feminists advocate for use of “Ms.” To refer to both married and unmarried women, and the ironic use of the term “herstory” instead of “history”” (71). In addition, feminists advocate for use of terms like “humanity”, which they perceive to be gender-inclusive. Feminists encourage people to use gender-neutral language to ensure that people do not make suppositions concerning gender. This underscores the reason why they advocate for use of words that cover for both genders and they encourage people to use words that do not indicate the referred gender. Apart from introducing a language that does not refer to any gender, the feminist movement has also led to scientists, changing their way of describing scientific processes associated with gender. Scientists no longer describe sperm as active and the egg as passive (Riger 99). Indeed, the feminist movement introduced a new dimension of looking at and describing different phenomena. Religion Apart from advocating for a gender-neutral language, “The feminist movement has led to emergence of feminist theology, which views the scriptures, customs, practices, and religious beliefs from a feminist dimension” (Riger 100). The objectives of the feminist theology include, “increasing the role of women among the clergy and religious authorities, reinterpreting male-dominated imagery and language about God, determining the place of women in relation to career and motherhood, and studying images of women in the religion’s sacred texts” (Riger 101). The movement has transformed theology and religion in insightful ways. Majority of the protestant churches nowadays, allow women to serve as priests. In many churches, women are assuming leadership in positions that were once under men domain (Riger 104-109). Besides, men seek advice from women prior to coming up with novel statements of faith. Nonetheless, in sects like Roman Catholicism, Islam, and Orthodox Christianity, women are yet to assume leadership roles. The feminist movement continues fighting for the rights of women in the church. The movement maintains that both genders are equal before God. Hence, it alleges that both men and women ought to have equal powers in church. It fights for women’s right to control Christian nuptials and to be preachers. Besides, it fights for equal parenting roles and general handling of women in the church (Riger 110-117). Conclusion The feminist movement was established with an aim of fighting for women rights and neutralizing men domination in the society. Women from wealthy families established the movement in the United States. Racism prevented women from fighting for their rights together. Not sure if you can write a paper on The Feminist Movement by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More However, after women realized that disunity made it hard for them to gain liberation, they sought to fight for their rights together regardless of gender or social status. The movement sought to implement changes in social, cultural, language, and theological practices. It aimed at helping women triumph cultural practices that gave men powers over everything. Besides, it aimed at helping women to have a voice in society and families. Initially, women had no voice over family issues like parenting and divorce. Furthermore, women could not acquire or own property. Because of the movement, the society stopped using a language dominated by men references. It advocated for use of gender-neutral language as a way to demonstrate that both genders are equal. Many of the changes witnessed in churches today were because of the movement. Works Cited Freedman, Estelle. No Turning Back: The History of Feminism and the Future of Women. London: Ballantine Books, 2003. Print. Humm, Maggie. Modern Feminisms. New York: Columbia University Press, 1992. Print. Hyde, Cheryl. “Commitment to social change: Voices from the feminist movement.” Journal of Community Practice 1.2 (1994): 45-64. Print. Plott, Michele, and Lauri Umansky. Making Sense of Women’s Lives: An Introduction to Women’s Studies. New York: Rowman
San Diego State University Biological and Environment Ethics Research Paper.
I’m working on a biology Lab Report and need a sample draft to help me study.
Research, read and write a report on the topic of “biological responses to climate change”. You are asked to do a literature search and find a peer-reviewed article that interests you the most. The response can be at species, population or community level, and with respect to plants, animals, or microbes. After reading the article, write a one-page, single spaced report with proper citations. Give reasons of why you found the paper interesting.Need: pdf of the article and the reportDue: 4:00 pm PT (7:00 pm ET)
San Diego State University Biological and Environment Ethics Research Paper
SJSU Information Systems for Business & Beyond Book Ch 6 to 8 Questions
SJSU Information Systems for Business & Beyond Book Ch 6 to 8 Questions.
I’m working on a computer science multi-part question and need an explanation to help me learn.
Section 1Information Systems for Business and Beyond Questions: (words no minimum requirement)Textbook link belowhttps://opentextbook.site/informationsystems2019/c…Chapter 7 – study questions 1-10, Exercise 2Chapter 8- study questions 1-10, Exercise 2Section 2Information Technology and Organizational Learning Assignment:Chapter 6 – Review the section on knowledge creation, culture, and strategy. Explain how balance scorecards impact knowledge creation, culture, and strategy. Why are these important concepts to understand within an organization?The above submission should be one -page in length and adhere to APA formatting standards, citations and references.**Remember the APA cover page and the references (if required) do not count towards the page length**Note the first assignment should be in one section and the second section should have the information from the Information Technology and Organizational Learning assignment. The paper requirements for the two-pages applies to the second part of the assignment directly related to the Information Technology and Organizational Learning assignment.
SJSU Information Systems for Business & Beyond Book Ch 6 to 8 Questions
University of California San Diego Nikole Anderson and Rick Greer Case MEMO
assignment writer University of California San Diego Nikole Anderson and Rick Greer Case MEMO.
I’m working on a political science project and need support to help me understand better.
I need help on a memo, it should be 4-5 pages. I will attach a document of the assignment and anything needed for it. There is a scenario and the writing memo should be based on that scenario. the prompt is: draft a memorandum to me in which you analyze whether Greer would be considered an employee of Anderson under the applicable statutory provisions and case law. Do not include a separate statement of facts,but be sure to incorporate the relevant facts,analyze the applicable legal authorities, and explain how the facts and law affect your analysis and conclusion.
University of California San Diego Nikole Anderson and Rick Greer Case MEMO
powerpoint. I’m stuck on a Powerpoint question and need an explanation.
Human factors are considered the weakest link to security, which makes it crucial to change user behavior. The changes primarily consist of workplace behavior, and work activities to stay compliant with standards, guidelines, and procedures of the security policy. Behavior modification involves some level of learning of the user.
You are the security trainer of a cloud service provider, research the threats, common workplace problems, issues, human errors, and others that relate to an employee working in the Information Technology field, then create a workplace security program.
A few ideas to get started are encrypting hard drives, no outside storage devices can be brought to work, awareness of threats internal and external.
need to provide 20 slides with no plagrism
Nurses Shortage Definition Aspects and Solutions
Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Health care persists to face a momentous shortage of registered nurses. This is an old crisis and continues to be a threat to nursing career. There are plenty of studies done to find the reasons behind the nursing shortage. Moreover, it is a global problem. Nursing education, nursing retention unsafe work place, complex quality improvement and patient safety, low nurses’ income and complicated recruitment requirements. All these factors influence nurses’ shortage worldwide. The aim of this paper is to discuss and analyze global nurses’ shortage and highlight the causes and solutions with a recommendation to deal with nurses’ shortage in health care systems. Development of Nurses Shortage Sophen (1954) found that nurses shortage in the United States started 1932-1953 when the number of hospitals changed very little, but the number of beds increased 52% more and this increases nurses’ shortage due to the coverage need (Sophen, 1954). Thirty three years later, Aiken noted that the legislation and diminishing result on nurses salaries at a time when other professions’ salaries were increasing, influencing nurses to depart the career. (Aiken, 2007). During the 1990s, the nurses’ shortage was 11% of full time registered nurses, by 1992, the nurses’ shortage subsided and nurses’ supply was positive. In 1997, hospitals started to feel pressure of nurses’ vacancy rate 13%. But this time shortage has not moved away and stays a topic difficult to solve. (Rebekah, Kathreen 2009). WHO collected data of nurses, population ratios in WHO regions: The Americas, Europe, Eastern Mediterranean, Africa, South East Asia, and Western pacific. The data analysis shows that in Africa and South East Asia, the ratio declines, while the highest ratio was in Europe regions as it is almost ten times more than the lower regions. (WHO, 2006). A study conducted in the United States by Buerhaus and his colleges in 2007 and found that in 2020 the nation will be short of 76,000.00 nurses, as well as, he stated that, this nurses’ shortage may shut down most of the system and cause care to be rationed. (Buerhaus, 2008). The low supreme number of existing nurses in many countries is mixed by difficulties with their geographic distributions or complexities in recruiting and retaining nurses. This is a characteristic of both developed and developing countries. Definition of the Shortage of Nurses What is shortage of nursing? Shortage of nurses can be defined in two different means. First, professional standards when the number of nurses is not enough to provide high quality of care. However, administrators fail to determine the quantity of nurses needed to provide the high quality of care. (Goldfarbetat, 2008). Second, in economic terms, nurses’ shortage presents when there are not enough number of nurses to provide the best quality standards and no fund to supply to open additional positions. Thus, definition of nurses’ shortage is difficult and complex. (Rebekah, Abrahamson, 2009). A diverse definition which is more practical with the reality discovered by Bachnan, defined the nursing shortage is not by nurses number but how the health system functions to facilitate nurses to use their skills effectively. (Buchan, 2008). Nursing Education and Shortage Raising demand of Baccalaureate and graduate prepared nurses conveys nurses’ shortage. The National Advisory Council on Nursing Education and Practice (NACEP) is proposing at least two-third of the nurses work force hold a baccalaureate or higher degrees in nursing by 2010. (NACEP, 2004). According to American Association of College of Nursing, professional nurses must be prepared at the baccalaureate level to ward convene developing health career requires. (AACN, 2005). Professional development refers to study obligation to continue definite skill levels and career lane. This ensures nurses’ skills and knowledge are update and applicable. (Lannon, 2007). Each nurse should take responsibility for personal, professional development. This will enhance quality of care and keep up technological and scientific changes that are occurring in health care sitting. However, the health care systems are not assisting nurses for education development and this keeps the nurses far from the essential profession development. (Copper, 2009). According to American Association of Colleges of Nursing (AACN, 2005), over 32,000.00 qualified candidates were rejected to baccalaureate and graduate program due to the lack of experienced faculty in 2004,which means shortage in nursing faculty. (Evans, 2009). The long terms solution is to increase the pool of baccalaureate nurses who can obtain the graduate education needed for various roles like faculty. (Aiken, 2008). On the other hand, nurses will persist seeking higher degree in nursing education, because of the exciting and financially rewarding pulse opportunities for management positions. (Curtin, 2008). As per a study done in the United States by Westphal, concluded that nurses leaders turnover causes nurses shortage in registered nurses at hospitals. So, it is advised to reduce turnover of nurse leaders. (Westphal, 2009). The Impact of Workplace in Nursing Shortage Nursing work is traumatic while other professional alternatives are accessible. However, it is challenging to fight for the choice of profession which is not successful to balance financially for this daily tension. (Kaestner, 2005). Shift work nature causes physical damage to nurses and impact nurses prolong existence in the profession. According to cooper (2003), ‘Registered nurses experiencing the physical, cognitive and emotional challenges of growing older while the profession demands more”. In addition, working night and evening shifts influence nurse performance and lifestyle which motivate many nurses to move into outside hospital sitting. (Rebekah