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The Democratic Peace Theory Politics Essay

War, conflict, warmongering, and power balance are just a few concepts involved within a nations history. Along with many other concepts, War understood as an intentional armed conflict between communities in order to achieve political goals, has supported the public policy of many nations. In 1832 the Prussian military strategist Carl von Clausewitz (1832, p.5) defined War as “an act of violence to compel our opponent to fulfill our will”, demonstrating how fundamental War was for nations that time. Although there are many arguments to support the nation’s warmongering policies during the past decades there has been a discussion on how those policies might be necessary if some theorists have proven that Democracies don’t fight Democracies (Rummel, 1999). This essay will examine the existing arguments on “why democracies do not fight each other” using The Democratic Peace Theory and will give conclusions on how effective could be this theory during the present days, where the concept of War has changed. The Democratic Peace Theory […] Ultimately, the best strategy to ensure our security and to build a durable peace is to support the advance of democracy elsewhere. Democracies don’t attack each other, they make better trading partners and partners in diplomacy. William J. Clinton (January 1994) The Democratic Peace Theory also called Mutual Democratic Pacifism gives a possible explanation on why democracies do not to war with each other. Among others writers, the German philosopher Immanuel Kant outlined a first relevant idea in his essay Perpetual Peace (1795). Kant’s theory is based on a world with countries sharing a common a constitutional republic as political regime, where people would appeal for a continuous or perpetual peace as an ideal for living. The premise of Kant’s idea is that people will not decide to go on war unless to defend themselves and because of this there would be no aggressor nations and the war occurrences would end. For Kant, the reluctance of the people to support war and its related costs restrains democratic leaders from engaging conflicts with other nations. After Kant, this strain of thought, where democracies are reluctant to use violent means against other democracies or other forms of governments, was continued across the centuries. The Kantian Idea of a pacific union fostered by shared or common values, cosmopolitan rights and the right of nations based on a federation of free states, had a support after the First World War, when idea of the right of nations to self-determination inspired the creation of the League of Nations. Important academics like Small and Singer (1976), Rummel (1979), Doyle (1986), Bueno de Mezquita and Lalman (1986), Geva, DeRouren and Mintz (1993), Rummel (1997), Starr (1997) and Danilovic and Clare (2007) have contributed with their work to support this theory. Due to the multiple understandings of the basic elements of the Democratic Peace Theory is important to define the concepts of democracy and war. Rummel (1999, p.10) provides an interesting definition of democracy as “democracies in its 20th century form means: regular elections for the most powerful government positions, competitive political parties, near universal franchise, secret balloting and civil liberties and political rights”, in addition pre-20th democracies should be identified by “periodic, competitive elections, that the powerful can be so kicked out of power, and that a body of citizens hold equal rights regardless of class or status”. However, Rummel does not take in account the transparency as an important element for a democracy. Transparency, understood as the open possibility of observation and discussion of a Government decisions and policies is a requisite for a modern democracy and reduces the possibilities of the governments to abuse. Regarding to The concept of War, Most and Starr (1989) as cited in Starr (1997, p.154) defines war as a “sustained violent conflict fought by organized armed forces which are directed by a governmental authority”. Although this definition is comprehensive it is necessary to be actualized due to the changing components of modern war. Forsyth (2004, p.17) define war as “an act of force by a nation-state, crime organization, terror group, drug cartel, revolutionary group, or coalition of states to compel an enemy to do one’s will, accept a specific ideology, or prevent or allow unfettered criminal activity. The causes of war might include failures of diplomacy, communications, economic policies, or inadequate internal security. Wars should result in improved security for an affected nation’s citizens, but often result in degraded or deteriorated social conditions”. Although the Democratic Peace Theory is quite controversial and has both weakness and strengths, its relative simplicity has challenged the predominant realist and neorealist theories of International Relations (IR) that have predominated in the international arena for several centuries. During the past decades, research undertaken in California (Bueno de Mesquita and Lalman, 1986), Texas (Geva, DeRouren and Mintz, 1993), (Geva and Mintz, 1993), Hawaii (Rummel, 1997) and Illinois (Danilovic and Clare, 2007) confirmed in some extent the veracity of the Democratic Peace Theory. These studies showed that statistically the probability of a war between two democratic states is very low and that the democratic leaders are less interested in using military force or violent actions against other democracies. The theory by itself and the results of these studies are deeply debated, but it is possible to derive some basic conclusions. First, the republican liberalism, as a theory of International Relations (IR) that supports the Democratic Peace Theory, might question the applicability of the realist theory of IR, which argues that the balance of power and common strategic goals are the main point of explanation for the stable and peaceful relations between democratic nations. The presented researches and arguments suggest that democratic sates are continuously motivated by the necessity of a peaceful coexistence with its neighbors using the same regulations that characterize their domestic policy. These nations expect that other democracies will solve misunderstandings using consideration and a nonviolent scheme, and that their leaders will continuously foster collaborative and peaceful relations with each other. A good example of this reasoning is the speech of United States President, Gorge W. Bush, who in 1994 said “And the reason why I’m so strong on democracy is democracies don’t go to war with each other. And the reason why the people of most societies is don’t like war, and they understand what war means. Second, the Democratic Peace Theory might challenge the usefulness of other political ideas, different from democracy, in today’s world. This thesis is supported by Rummel (1989, p.10) when states that “Democracy is a general cure for political or collective violence of any kind – it is a method of nonviolence”. Since a significant number of academic works identify democracies as political system less susceptible to create and promote violent means of foreign policy, with a relatively unrestricted amount of civil rights and participation, it is possible to identify democracy as a more desirable political system when compared with totalitarian, fascist or communist regimes. Finally, political process such as transparency, cooperation, democratization, and integration could improve the relations among nations. Starr (1997, p.155) highlights the importance of these elements when suggest that “the theories of integration stress the role of learning in the development of norms of cooperation and a sense of community, they stress the need for mutual benefits and the positive impact of the interdependence on the management of interdependent relations”. However, it is important to point out the fact that unstable democracies or nations within a democratization process are not completely peaceful, and that might occur when the political institutions are not strong enough to support the system or when the country leading sectors are intimidated by the transition process. Two classic and different streams of thought, one structural and one normative, explain the Democratic Peace Theory. On the one hand, the structural variant maintain that the organizations or institutions are restricted to go on war due to the diverse economical, social and political costs for the government and the population, making war an undesirable option for the resolution of misunderstandings between nations. In addition, the importance of individual freedoms and free elections, maximize the leaders’ political responsibilities inasmuch as they might replaced if fail to maintain an adequate foreign policy. This view has been supported in the work of Geva, DeRouren and Mintz (1993, p.224) when concluding: “the major reason why the use of force against other democracies is counterproductive from a political standpoint is because it is perceived by the public as a failure of foreign policy”. Democratic institutions such as transparency, political pluralism, and legal rights, among others, make it difficult for governments and its leaders to create false reasons to convince their population to declare war to other state. Transparency is an important factor when thinking about democratic dyads because it means that both states can look trough each other and know, or infer, their intentions. Starr (1997, p.157) states, “such transparency means that each party has too much information about the other to create convincing enemy images, for either elite or masses”. On the other hand, a normative variant, sometimes called cultural explanation, maintains that common liberal and democratic values explain the stability and peaceful relations between democratic states. According to this variant, the existent culture regarding to democratic political values and conflict resolution means, support truthful ties between states and its leaders. In addition, these leaders expect that their counterparts will also understand the necessity of solving the differences without violent methods. In this extent is very important to emphasize how the democratic perception of a certain state made by other, could modify the motivation for warmongering policies. Supporting this, Elman (1997) argues that “political ideology, therefore, determines how democracies distinguish allies from adversaries: democracies that represent and act in their citizens’ interests are treated with respect and consideration, whereas non-democracies that use violence and oppression against their own people are regarded with mistrust and suspicion”. Another explanation in addition to the structural and normative explanation of the Democratic Peace Theory is the “Power Transition Theory” formulated in 1958 by A.F.K. Organski. This theory presents the international politics arena as a hierarchy with 4 levels of power between the states (a dominant state, great powers, middle powers and small powers), analyzing the cyclic occurrence of wars and the effect of transition power in the occurrence of conflicts. Organski (1980, p.19) states that “An even distribution of political, economic, and military capabilities between contending groups of nations is likely to increase the probability of war; peace is preserved best when there is an imbalance of national capabilities between disadvantaged and advantaged nations; the aggressor will come from a small group of dissatisfied strong countries; and it is the weaker, rather than the stronger; power that is most likely to be the aggressor”. This work suggests, therefore, that democracies are satisfied states that share strong economic goals and are less likely to fight about territory, in other words, peaceful means of discussion will prevail but not violent ones. Even though the Democratic Peace Theory provides a plausible explanation for the non-violent behavior between democratic states, a great amount of criticism exist among the academy. This criticism could be divided in two variants, first, one related to the methodology used to undertake the researches and analyze the empirical data. Several academics argue that there is always some degree of subjectivity regarding to the studies performed and the results are, in some extent, affected by this prejudices.
MicroEcon Discussion 10. Help me study for my Economics class. I’m stuck and don’t understand.

There are two primary means to earn income as a stockholder. The first method is dividend income and the second method is earnings from capital gains. With respect to the investor seeking dividend income, when the investor buys a stock from a corporation with a primary focus to earn dividend income they will typically expect a higher dividend on common stock versus preferred stock. Discuss the dividend payment requirements of a common stock versus preferred stock, in terms of which type of stock has a primary claim on dividend distributions. Explain why the common stock investor demands a higher dividend rate.
MicroEcon Discussion 10

PSY 3738 Rasmussen College Learning to Communicate Through Social Media Paper

PSY 3738 Rasmussen College Learning to Communicate Through Social Media Paper.

CompetencyIntegrate the positive and negative effects of social media making global communication easily accessible.InstructionsWhen using social media, the communication barrier of distance is eliminated. This comes with obvious benefits, but it also comes with extra challenges due to the increased potential for misunderstandings with cultural differences and language barriers. The person that knows how to use communication opportunities will have a strong advantage in their work and in their networking and relationships.This assignment has two parts to it.Part 1:Locate and study social media pages of businesses that are making an effort to market their product globally. You can use any social media platform you choose. Examine what you believe the companies are doing well and what can be improved. Look for ways in which their communication are clear to a large number of people, breaking through language and cultural barriers. Also look for ways in which the pages could be improved due to the limitations and challenges of global communication.After you have studied several pages that are seeking to reach a large number of people, choose three of them.1A. Choose the page that you feel does the best job overall.Describe why you feel like this social media page was the best one that you viewed. Take a screenshot of the page and upload it with your submission.1B. Choose one that needs improvement.Describe what you see that needs improvement in their effort to reach people globally. Take a screenshot of the page and upload it with your submission.1C. Choose one that most closely represents the type of page that you might create in the future. If you have no interest or potential need for ever creating a social media page that is intended to reach the masses globally, then choose one that you are interested in and like.Describe why you chose this social media page as the one that you can best relate to or like the best. Take a screenshot of the page and upload it with your submission.Note: Do not use the same social media page for more than one of these three choices. For example, do not say that one social media page was the best and also the one that you would be most likely to create a similar page as. In other words, do not use one social media page for both 1A and 1C. You need to choose three separate pages in total.Part 2:Now you will use what you have learned to create your own social media page with the intent of reaching the masses. You will not need to actually create a page on a social media platform. Creating a fake company or organization online could obviously cause problems. Instead, emulate the formatting of a social media page, and create it so that you can submit it to your instructor.Take what you learned from Part 1 to create the best fake social media page you can on an imaginary company or organization of your choice. Your company or organization can be anything you want, just ensure that it is class-appropriate. Describe what you learned in this assignment and how you incorporated that knowledge into your social media page.Grading RubricFFCBA01234Not SubmittedNo PassCompetenceProficiencyMasteryNot SubmittedFailed to describe the social media page that you feel does the best job of reaching the masses globally along with why. Failed to include a screenshot of the social media page.Need to improve your description of the social media page that you feel does the best job of reaching the masses globally along with why. Add a screen shot of the site if necessary.Described the social media page that you feel does the best job of reaching the masses globally along with why. Included a screenshot of the page.Clearly described the social media page that you feel does the best job of reaching the masses globally along with why. Included a screenshot of the page.Not SubmittedFailed to describe social media page that you feel needs improvement in reaching people globally. Failed to include a screenshot of the social media page.Need to improve your description of the social media page that you feel needs improvement in reaching people globally. Add a screen shot of the site if necessary.Described the social media page that you feel needs improvement in reaching people globally. Included a screenshot of the page.Clearly described the social media page that you feel needs improvement in reaching people globally. Included a screenshot of the page.Not SubmittedFailed to describe the social media page that you can best relate to or feel is the best along with why. Failed to include a screenshot of the social media page.Need to improve your description of the social media page can best relate to or feel is the best along with why. Add a screen shot of the site if necessary.Described the social media page that you can best relate to or feel is the best along with why. Included a screenshot of the page.Clearly described the social media page that you can best relate to or feel is the best along with why. Included a screenshot of the page.Not SubmittedFailed to create a social media page that does an excellent job of reaching as wide of a range of audience as possible. Described what you learned in this assignment and how you incorporated that knowledge into your social media page.Created a social media page, but need improvement in the effort to reach as wide of a range of audience as possible. Need more detail on what you learned in this assignment and how you incorporated that knowledge into your social media page.Created a social media page that does a good job of reaching as wide of a range of audience as possible. Described what you learned in this assignment and how you incorporated that knowledge into your social media page.Created a social media page that does an excellent job of reaching as wide of a range of audience as possible. Described what you learned in this assignment and how you incorporated that knowledge into your social media page.Not SubmittedFailed to format your paper, lists, and explanations appropriatelyPaper, lists, and explanations need work in organization and clarity.Paper, lists, and explanations were formatted correctly, but there were some errors.Paper, lists, and explanations were formatted correctly.Not SubmittedFailed to provide any sources to support research.Provided a reference page, but it wasn’t APA formatted and did not provide 2 sources to support research that were credible.Provided an APA formatted reference page with 2 sources, but they were not credible.Provided an APA formatted reference page with at least 2 credible sources to support research.Not SubmittedFailed to demonstrate effective usage of English grammar and mechanics. More than 10 errors in English grammar and mechanics observed.Somewhat demonstrated effective usage of English grammar and mechanics. 6-10 errors in English grammar and mechanics observed.Mostly demonstrated effective usage of English grammar and mechanics. 3-5 errors in English grammar and mechanics observed.Demonstrated effective usage of English grammar and mechanics. 0-2 errors in English grammar an
PSY 3738 Rasmussen College Learning to Communicate Through Social Media Paper

King Fahd Security College Electrical Energy Systems in Saudi Arabia Discussion

programming assignment help King Fahd Security College Electrical Energy Systems in Saudi Arabia Discussion.

I’m working on a management project and need support to help me study.

Here is all the details that is related to the project that I have. I need something simple in English since I am a beginner in English. My topic is Electrical-energy systemhere is what you have to talk about Read through the asset assignment list, and find the asset assigned to your section squad. Meet with your squad section to discuss the asset you have been assigned to analyze from a risk-management perspective here in Saudi Arabia. Collaborate in your online research and analysis, but you must submit your own report in your own writing where you present your own answers to the four-part assignment described below.Organize a research and writing schedule so you can submit this assignment by 7 December at midnight.Do not commit plagiarism. Any evidence that the cadet submits English writing that is not their own will result in a zero grade. This includes copying from other cadets, plagiarizing published or Internet sources, and using Google Translate to generate sentences.You will be graded on your ability to utilize theories, analysis, information, and historical perspective that were addressed in this course. So, please review the course material before starting to work on this project.State clearly any simplifying assumptions you need to make in order to perform reasonably rational analysis.
King Fahd Security College Electrical Energy Systems in Saudi Arabia Discussion

Importance of HIPAA: Keeping Health Information Private

Share this: Facebook Twitter Reddit LinkedIn WhatsApp Kay L. Bowman Abstract The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), Public Law 104-191, was enacted on August 21, 1996. Sections 261 through 264 of HIPAA require the Secretary of HHS to publicize standards for the security, privacy and electronic exchange of health information. Together these are recognized as the Administrative Simplification provisions. (Health Information Privacy, n.d.) A major objective of the Privacy Rule is to declare that individuals’ health information is properly protected while permitting the course of health information sought to safeguard the public’s health and well-being and to provide and support high quality health care. (AARP Real Possibilities, n.d.)The Rule attains a balance that allows for use of important information, while shielding people’s privacy who pursue medical or dental care. Organizational actions, policies, and procedures to conduct the development, selection, maintenance and implementation of security procedures to safeguard Protected Health Information (PHI) and to manage the behavior of the covered entity’s personnel in correlation to the protection of that information. The Importance of HIPAA: Keeping Health Information Private To protect the dependability, privacy and obtainability of electronic health data, HIPAA recommends several requirements that should be integrated in the final health care security standard. A security standard is individually identifiable information that is held (created or received) or disclosed by a covered entity that can be communicated electronically, verbally, or in written (paper) formats is protected. Information that contains communicates to the past, present, or future mental or physical condition of an individual; provisions of healthcare to an individual; or payment of care provided to an individual is transmitted or maintained in any form (electronic, paper, or oral representation) which identifies or can be used to identify the individual is protected. (kgriffin62, n.d.) When disclosing Protected Health Information – a covered entity must use of disclose only the minimum necessary PHI required to accomplish the purpose of use of disclosure. Exceptions to minimum necessary include the following reasons are treatment, purposes for which an authorization is signed and disclosures required by law. There are also rules for access including but not limited to: Availability to computer systems and information is based on work duties and responsibilities Availability privileges are limited to only the minimum necessary information you need to do your work Availability to an information system does not automatically mean that you are authorized to view or use all the data in that system Diverse levels of availability for personnel to PHI is intentional If job duties changes, clearance levels for access to PHI is re-evaluated Availability is eliminated if employee is terminated or on leave Availability to ePHI is granted only to authorize individuals with a “need to know.” Computer equipment should only be used for approved purposes in the pursuit of completing your specific duties. Installation of software without prior written approval is prohibited. Disclosure of ePHI via electronic means is strictly forbidden without appropriate written authorization. (Chapter 9: Security

E-sports Development in China

E-sports Development in China. Introduction The paper is going to look at various aspects of E-sports especially in China with reference to the South Korean country as a whole. Note that it gives an overview of a series of aspects that are discussed in this topic. E-sports also known as electronic sports are a form of competition that involves the use of video games. On most occasions, it does take the form of a multiplayer system with each side having professional players. Although it’s being organized in an online and offline platform lately, this kind of sporty has been there in existences for over a period of time. It has its own culture dating to the 90’s whereby it was only amateurs competing against each other. By the year 2000’s it had become a prominent feature thus taking a whole new dimension when professional gamers in online platform took it up to bring an upsurge of its popularity in nature (BBC Inc., 2017). By the year 2010, it had become a media household name in the gaming industry with over billion followers from all over the worlds. Note that many game developers took an active part in designing the games towards professional subculture of e-sports. As the year passed more advancement was made to the game modifying to fit out the market demands hence being largely accommodated and a string of tournaments afterward followed hence dubbed business entity for a collection of revenue. To date, this sport is being spearheaded towards being incorporated as one of the sports in the coming Olympic competitions. “It’s for a fact that the global e-sports market generated US$325 million of revenue in 2015 and was expected to make $493 million in 2016”(Heaven, 2014). There are a series of changes that are taking places each day as it passes with better and more sophisticated games being developed. An overview of E-sports “E-sports” is enjoyed by both adults and children alike, competitive with their computer gaming to be precise. Note that “E-sports is also termed as competitive video gaming or electronic sports. This is a form of competition whereby they compete via video games. In most cases, it takes the form of an organized or multiplayer video game competition more so between two professional players or even more of them. Just like any other normal sports, the e-sports players normally play computer games against another player. It can be done inside gaming halls, living rooms; that is between friends and families or even total strangers in love with the game. On the other hand, the big sports are arranged in big arenas where there is a large crowd (FUTIAN, 2018). For over a decade ago, it has been on the rise in the world, having a series of titles that range from real-time strategies to the first-person shooter. While this sport took off in the early 2000’s, one of the earliest forms of this game can be traced back to about the year 1970s. That was when Stanford University students did compete in Intergalactic Spacewar Olympics, for their chance to win Rolling Stone, one year’s subscription. Major advancement to the sport came in 2002 when the Xbox was released thus it was able to bring the live gaming event to the console. Note that a series of sponsors did make the game to be lucrative in nature in regards to being a career choice. More live streaming became popular through a series of platforms such as Twitch thus allowing a steady income for gamers around the globe. The top games include “Defense of the Ancients 2 (DOTA 2)”,” Call of Duty”, “League of Legends”, “Counter-Strike: Global Offensive” and many more (Murray, 2018). E-sports have a lot to offer in the coming years ahead as it has gunner a number of fans over the past few years. Note that the traditional sports organization and some of the major media outlets are now turning to e-sports. In addition to this aspect, big tournaments that consists of players that are well known and having a fan base from all corners of the globe may turn in to watch the action live and the competitors get paid even more handsomely. With players becoming more skilled and even in some cases have gained over a million fans computer games have now turned into more organized and competitive sports not forgetting the aspect of professionalism. Looking at the brighter side, some of the traditional sports are buying some of the e-sports players to represent them in the competitions being organized globally (Ramirez, 2018). The development of e-sports in China–club/personnel/event In 2001, July the first e-sports team was formed in China formally, although it did not survive for long it acted as a reference point for further teams that were established later. In 2003, November, electronic competition became official through approval of the National Sports Council which later brought about the rise of the China national electronic sports team in 2004. In2005, the national electronic sports game was launched in the country. As at present, there are over 64 e-sports clubs and only five that are considered to be professional clubs, over more than 1200 athletes have been registered while having over 26 million fanatics of the sports (Stevens, 2018).Note that some plans of profiting from the clubs do include commitment encouraging of investments in regards to the construction of e-sports stadiums, developing of various industrial parks for e-sport purposes that do bring in more of the international tournaments plus incubating the local brands of e-sports (Xinhua, 2018). Much like any other well-run organization, e-Sports organizations has a number of team owners, giving contracts, and also partnerships that fund a number of teams in regards to the variety of games. Note that in regards to this aspect, they often do pay for amenities which are inclusive of housing, water, electricity, trainers and coaches plus food and various gaming peripherals. Note that e-sports does form the various contract with different leagues in order to generate a series of sponsorship and various media rights. Salaries do vary with players and also the team. “According to the professional e-Sports organization Riot, each team in the League of Legends Championship Series receives an amount of money to provide salaries and help with operating expenses. And each player must be paid a minimum of $12,500 for the 28-match season”(Zhe, 2018). This game has been taken to another whole new level, for instance, China was crowned the Arena of Valor Champion as they beat Taiwan in E-sports competition. Note that e-sport is becoming a major multi-billion sport as it marks its way to the Olympic Games. For instance, in Jakarta arena where competitors were huddled over their smart phones when dueling in supremacy in the “Tencent’s online game Arena of Valor (AOV)”(Xu, 2012). It’s now evident that it is becoming a recognized sport globally as events are organized now and then while in the long run brings back a handsome return of revenue being collected. Note that e-sports competition was on until date 31 Aug., with some the other five titles being featured including Tencent’s League of Legends and Clash Royale, Activision Blizzard’s Hearthstone and Starcraft II and Konami Holding’s Pro Evolution Soccer. Looking at it from another perspective, in South Korea, this sport is an emerging sporting event with about 93% its players being male and about 56% of them being between the age brackets of 18 to 22 years. Note that most talent in this sector is not well natured as compared to that in China. In addition to this aspect, there are not suitable sports events within the region plus it is not well empowered in regards to the gaming industry as it is in China (Xinhua, 2018). Whether e-sports belongs to sports When one looks at e-sport and the normal sport there are pretty much differences that arise hence brings the debate whether it should be considered as a sport. At any given one point, one would say that when you do participate in sports, it’s not a must that you have to sweat. Note that when it comes to the aspect of gaming, a lot of the mental skills are being used rather than the physical aspect of it. In addition to this, there is a lot of the mental strength needed thus leads to tough training thus one might look at it from an angle of a sport like an event. When it comes to labeling e-sport as a sport it brings about a lot of controversial issues into the picture. At one point or the when it comes to the aspect of the definition, the name sports has been considered to undergo a series of experimentation that is yet to have a definite result with a substantial conclusion. Note that, most individuals do look up this definition in Oxford English Dictionary;“An activity involving physical exertion and skill in which an individual or team competes against another or others for entertainment”(BBC Inc., 2017). When wanting to be a pro-athlete one always has to have that desire and passion for doing something that they do love in particular. For instance, for hockey athlete, it requires one to start playing the sport at a young tender age and also regards it as something that they do enjoy in particular when participating in it. There is often a junior they often participate in junior league sporting events where they do praise and make perfection out of what they already have learned in regards to their skills. They often have a junior league coach teaching them more about the game and training them. For one to become a professional athlete there are a series of things that they have to do in order for them to succeed in what they are participating in. for example a having a diet plan that is healthy plus cutting of some of his free time in order to train, making a number of sacrifices here and there in order to have an experience that is worth it as an athlete. In addition to this one has to take time off and at one point even miss out on some part of their educational experience. For e-sport, it not that much different also, one has have that desire and interest for this kind of games early in their life. It rare to here that one has begun his career late in life vand has made it in life. Just like any other sports one has to be able to attain a given skill sets more those kind of skill set that involves eye-hand coordination in addition to various kinds of reflexes. They have to be in line with interest of their choice and can follow up to the level of professional. At the moment e-sport games are a few in numbers and not all can be played at the professional level plus does not have a large number of spectators in order for the players to make a living out of it. There are a number of challenges that esports faces. Unlike the traditional sports, esports has to worry about the life span of the game as it can raise, gain fame and once you get it at a professional level it can start to lose interest slowly in the community at large. But on the bright side if a player is deemed good at one kind of game it’s much easier for them to transition for it to a new game in town (hallmannE-sports Development in China