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The Dalai Lama’s Views on Religious Pluralism Essay (Critical Writing)

Table of Contents Argument Objection Response Conclusion Works Cited His Holiness the 14th Dalai Lama also known as Tenzin Gyatso was born in 1935 in the family of simple farmers in Tibet. At the age of two he was discovered as the reincarnation of the previous Dalai Lama and his spiritual path began. In Tibet Buddhism, Dalai Lamas are viewed as the patron saints of Tibet. They are called the Bodhisattvas of Compassion. These enlightened beings do not start their nirvana by choice willing to serve the people and all other living beings in our world. The Dalai Lama received a special education and trained since the age of six to become a spiritual leader. Today, His Holiness travels the world, writes books, gives lectures and speaks at seminars introducing the Buddhist values to the world and enlightening the modern society about the Buddhist truths. The Dalai Lama works according to non-violent beliefs promoting tolerance and compassion. In this paper I will explore the Dalai Lama’s views considering religious pluralism and argue that even though His Holiness publically accepts and appreciates the religious diversity in the world, according to John Hick’s pluralistic hypothesis, the Dalai Lama truly practices religious inclusivism. Argument The pluralistic hypothesis of Hick is based on the belief that along with all the multiple religions practiced in the world today, there is something all of them are trying to reach and experience, the ultimate divine reality, which Hick calls “the Real” (Module 7 1). This means that the Higher Power all of the world’s religions identify differently really is there, yet it does not match any of the descriptions presented by various religious leaders and teachings. This way, none of the existing religions provide a precise explanation of what “the Real” actually is; instead, they generate a variety of explanations of their own opinions and individual perceptions considering “the Real”. This can be demonstrated with an analogy of a running man. When a group of individuals sees a running man, each of them perceives this man differently. Someone might imagine that the man just robbed someone and now is escaping, someone might think that the man is late and thus he is in a hurry, and someone might see this man as a jogger doing his exercise. None of the observers would actually know why the man is running, but all of them would have versions. In his multiple speeches, interviews and addresses, the Dalai Lama shares Hick’s view considering the religious diversity. His Holiness often expresses appreciation of the variety of religions in the modern world. In his address at the inter-faith seminar held by the International Association for Religious Freedom called Ladakh Group that was conducted in Leh on the 25th of August the Dalai Lama stated, “As a religious practitioner, I acknowledge the fact that different religions of the world have provided many solutions about how to control an agitated mind” (Religious Harmony par. 3). This way, His Holiness admits that all of the religions of the world basically have the same purpose – to provide their followers with answers considering the life in our world and the righteous ways to live it. The Dalai Lama continued noting, “I always say that every person on this earth has the freedom to practice or not practice religion. It is all right to do either. But once you accept religion, it is extremely important to be able to focus your mind on it and sincerely practice the teachings in your daily life” (Religious Harmony par. 4). Stating this, His Holiness demonstrates his appreciation of freedom of choice when it comes to religious beliefs and inclinations. The Dalai Lama agrees that all of the religions share the same basis – the idea of improvement of people, the way towards love, compassion, and respect. Dalai Lama maintains that there cannot be just one philosophy or religion since there is such variety of views and perceptions in the world, he is convinced that it is rather fitting that the various needs of diverse individuals are fulfilled with the help of religions of all kinds (Religious Diversity – H.H. the XIVth Dalai Lama par. 1). His Holiness disapproves of religious favoritism, emphasizing that it gives one a biased mind which drives us away from the perception of reality (Religious Harmony par. 5). Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The last statement is where the disagreement between Hick’s views and those of the Dalai Lama occurs. The quote from the speech of His Holiness demonstrates that the Dalai Lama is convinced that the reality can be perceived by an individual with an unbiased mind, whereas Hick is sure that the reality of religion is unavailable to everyone. Apart from this contradiction, the ideas of Hick and the Dalai Lama seem rather similar, as both authors support the concept of religious diversity and equality in the contemporary world. Participating in inter-faith seminars the Dalai Lama employs neutral concepts in his speeches to gain understanding of all of the members of his diverse audience practicing many different religions. The Dalai Lama addresses the notions that exist in every modern religion, and discusses the issues that challenge the believers of all cultures and countries. The Dalai Lama stated that “In every religion, there are transcendent things that are beyond the grasp of our mind and speech. For example, the concept of God in Christianity and Islam and that of wisdom truth body in Buddhism are metaphysical, which is not possible for an ordinary person like us to realize” (Religious Harmony par. 8). The Dalai Lama also emphasized that there is a huge difference between “believing in one religion” and “believing in many religions”, these two actions contradict each other, and for one individual it is important to have a single refuge, sole religion, whereas for a society diversity is essential. Objection Providing all of the abovementioned pluralistic views, the Dalai Lama also states the following: “Liberation in which ‘a mind that understands the sphere of reality annihilates all defilements in the sphere of reality’ is a state that only Buddhists can accomplish. This kind of moksha or nirvana is only explained in the Buddhist scriptures, and is achieved only through Buddhist practice” (Dalai Lama 169). This perspective immediately changes the impression of the teachings of the Dalai Lama and makes this spiritual leader an inclusivist. According to the last quote, His Holiness believes that the truths of Buddhism exist for the followers of other religions. This way, he tries to enlighten his audience considering the way he deems as the right one by means of speaking their languages and employing the notions familiar to the followers of other religions. Response In his work about religious pluralism Hick states that none of the religious teachings should be taken literally as they are imperfect. Of course, as a philosopher of religion and a theologian, Hick is obliged to theorize and argue about various religious concepts, develop non-standard perspectives and objective points of view. At the same time, the Dalai Lama, as a religious leader, does not have such option. It would be absolutely frustrating if His Holiness whose main purpose is to promote the Buddhist values and teachings stated that those teachings are not completely true, the Buddha was not actually enlightened, and none of the truths he promotes should be followed literally. The Dalai Lama, as a non-violent religious leader, admits the necessity and inevitability of diversity, he teaches tolerance, compassion, and equality required to avoid conflicts, wars, hatred, and violence. Yet, as a religious practitioner, and a monk, who follows Buddhism the Dalai Lama cannot teach anything else but that the wisdom of Buddhism is the way towards enlightenment and the end of suffering. Religious inclusivism is half way between exlusivism and pluralism which exists balancing the aspects and features of both concepts without approaching to any of the extremes. This seems like the only right way of behavior for a religious leader promoting agreement, peace, and compassion for the whole world. We will write a custom Critical Writing on The Dalai Lama’s Views on Religious Pluralism specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Conclusion The 14th Dalai Lama Tenzin Gyatso is a well-known public speaker who often travels and addresses multicultural audiences with the followers of various religions. His Holiness has a purpose to reach all of his diverse leaders, find understanding. This is why in his interviews and speeches he emphasizes the essentiality of religious diversity in a society and its necessity for the creation of a harmonious world. Yet, these statements should not be viewed as statements of pluralistic beliefs of His Holiness. The Dalai Lama emphasizes that he is a “simple Buddhist monk”, and he has a single religion which he is loyal to. This way, the Dalai Lama can be considered an inclusivist. Works Cited Dalai Lama. “The Bodhgaya Interviews.” Christianity through Non-Christian Eyes. Ed. Paul J. Griffiths. Maryknoll: Orbis Books, 1990. Print. Module 7. “The Pluralist Hypothesis: Hick’s Response to Religious Diversity.” Lecture notes. Religious Diversity – H.H. the XIVth Dalai Lama. Daily Theosophy. 2015. Web. Religious Harmony. Dalai Lama. n. d. Web.
Besides, the guidelines to Account for and Report on Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Removals for Buildings (Commercial, Residential or Institutional Purposes) in Hong Kong 2010 Edition of EMSD and EPD report that climate change has become a challenge to the international community. The Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is committed to working closely with the international community in formulating measures to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Being a service economy without any major energy-intensive industries, electricity generation is the major source of GHG emissions in Hong Kong, accounting for over 60% of the total local emissions. The second largest GHG emission source is transport sector (16%), followed by waste (12%). Among various end uses of electricity, buildings account for some 89% in Hong Kong. Therefore, red ucing electricity consumption for building operations is instrumental in bringing down our GHG emissions. It will also have the co-benefits of reducing operational costs and improving the local and regional air quality. GHG emissions associated with the electricity purchased based on a territory-wide default value of 0.7kg/kWh in Hong Kong and these specific emission factors are available from the 2 nos. of electric companies (CLP – The China Light
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Topic: Info Tech in Global Economy
Chapter 16 – Following the chapter reading, the authors assert that the twentieth century is considered as the century of population explosion and fossil fuels burning, environmental policies and the transition to effective use of renewable energy sources as a priority with a strategic focus on specific countries around the world. In addition, this move has created several different projects whose main focus is to formulate policies associated with climate change and energy governance. Many of the policies and projects identified aim to support the energy sources switching between fuels like fossils and nuclear power to renewables like solar, wind, and or water. Specifically, the chapter provides the foundations of policy implementation, and methods as well as investigations of five policy implementation case studies through a comparative analysis.
Q1: Looking further into the chapter, theoretical grounds of policy implementation, Buse et al., (2012) argue that policy implementation is the execution of a formulated policy – turning theory into practice. When turning theory into practice, the authors stated that it was common for certain observations. What are those observations?

Identify and name those observations

Q2: The authors from this case study research regarding public policy implementation continued to state that, the bottom-up approach was developed from the criticism of the top-down approach that mainly focused on what? Please identify this focus, and provide a brief narrative to support your answer/response.

Identify the above focus


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Clayton State University Contractionary Fiscal Policy Discussion

Clayton State University Contractionary Fiscal Policy Discussion.

I’m working on a business writing question and need a sample draft to help me learn.

For this Unit VI Assignment, continue with the industry you selected in Unit II. (INDUSTRY SELECTED IS FORD MOTOR COMPANY)The annual association meeting of your selected industry will take place soon. You have been asked to present a report regarding the current status of the federal budget and fiscal policies in place in the United States. For your presentation, write a report (in essay form) in which you consider and explain how the current status of the federal budget and fiscal policy will impact your chosen industry over the next 2 years, using economic theory to support the conclusions you draw.Do not write your report based just on textbook theory—address current policy and how it will impact your industry, based on theory.Address the following in your report as appropriate:expansionary and contractionary fiscal policy,fiscal policies used to close a recessionary gap and an expansionary gap, andthe rationale for budget deficits.Your report must be a minimum of four pages (1,000 words, double-spaced). You have already completed assignments concerning your selected industry in Units II and IV. Reviewing the information you gathered for those assignments should help you when completing this one. (UNIT 2 & 4 ASSIGNMENTS UPLOADED BELOW)Adhere to APA Style when creating citations and references for this assignment. APA formatting, however, is not necessary.The United States Government Publishing Office website is a helpful website for finding information for this assignment.
Clayton State University Contractionary Fiscal Policy Discussion

Mission Percentage of Suns Incoming Radiation Is Absorbed by Earths Surface Ques

best assignment help Mission Percentage of Suns Incoming Radiation Is Absorbed by Earths Surface Ques.

1. What percentage of the sun’s incoming radiation is a) absorbed by the Earth’s surface? (1 point) b) absorbed by the atmosphere? (1 point) c) reflected out to space? (1 point) 2. What percentage of the earth’s outgoing surface radiation is absorbed by the atmosphere and clouds? (1 point) 3. What percentage of the total radiation absorbed by the earth’s surface comes directly from the atmosphere and clouds? Most of this radiation from the atmosphere and clouds is emitted by greenhouse gases. (2 points) 4. If the sun’s radiation was to increase by 10%, how would the following energy units change (increase, decrease, or stay the same)? a) Energy absorbed by the Earth’s surface. (1 point) b) Energy emitted by the Earth’s surface. (1 point) c) Energy emitted by greenhouse gases. (1 point) d) Energy leaving the top of the atmosphere (to space). (1 point)
Mission Percentage of Suns Incoming Radiation Is Absorbed by Earths Surface Ques

Ethical Issues of Human Cloning

In 1996, the first cloned mammal, Dolly the sheep, was born from an adult somatic cell in the Roslin Institute in Scotland after 276 tries (Animal Research 2014). Ever since then, human cloning has become a major concern in the science industry. Human cloning refers to a person that has the same genetic makeup as someone else (Human cloning). This issue has divided scientist, politicians and the public from deciding whether this action should be supported or banned. While many people think that human cloning is a major step in our advancement of technology from new medicine to cures for many diseases, others are concerned about opening the doors to a “brave new world” (Human Cloning). It’s a connection that scientists make with the book “Brave New World” by Aldous Huxley where people are literally made, they decide the person’s eye color, hair color, whether they are athletic or not, or tall or short etc. People are not born, they are made. Therefore, many people fear or are against human cloning; the only thing that makes us unique is been taken away. With that been said, many scientists are against human cloning while others are in favor, but what are the real ethical concerns for this issue? There are numerous unethical reasons to why human cloning should be banned, for instance some scientists grow cloned human embryos for experimentation only and then they are destroyed. Humans should not be “made” to be used for experimentations only. Another reason is that the exploitation of women would increase, along with a decrease in genetic diversity. Human cloning could potentially be used for research to study genetic diseases or to find new cures. Infertility would be one thing that it could help. Many people are not able to conceive a child and this technique would open new doors for those people. Doctors could easily take a cell from one of the parents and differentiate into a sex cell that way they could grow it into an embryo and insert it back into the mother. In addition to infertility, human cloning with the help of gene editing, CRISPR, could also cure many genetic diseases that don’t have a cure yet. The CRISPR/Cas9 system is a gene editing technique where you can change, delete or insert a specific piece of DNA with the correct piece of DNA (Brenner 2018). Also, Organ transplant is another advantage that human cloning could result in. This process is called therapeutic embryo cloning where embryos are produced to grow certain kinds of tissue for later to be used on other patients in need of that tissue. Without a doubt, there could be many advantages of human cloning, however, as mentioned before, there are ethical concerns to human cloning along with the scientific research standard that states that no harm should be done until it has been determined that there are no alternative solutions to get the desired outcome (Human Cloning). Humans should never be made to be specifically used for experimentation. In 1948, representatives from all over the world came together and established the declaration of human rights. One of the things that the declaration states is that every person has the right to LIFE and liberty (Human right). With that been said, once an egg is fertilized it should have the right to live. It’s not ethically right to “make” a human to use as an organ donor or research for another person. You must keep in mind that you are sacrificing a live for another person. Even if you wanted that embryo to grow and live afterwards, there would not be many chances for that baby to live; as you saw with the sheep Dolly, scientists failed 276 times before they were successful with Dolly (Animal Research 2014). The sheep is even less complex than a human, imagine how many lives you would sacrifice before you could completely clone a human. Another ethical concern with human cloning is that the use of women would increase rapidly. The article “Why Human cloning Should be Banned”, mentioned that to manufacture enough cloned embryos to create enough viable stem cell lines, they would have to get huge quantities of eggs from women. In order to do so, women are injected a chemical that causes severe abdominal pain and sometimes it even requires for immediate surgery. Although many women who volunteer know the risks, there are the lower-class women. They are the ones that it would target the most, they would take those risks to better their financial status. Along with all this unethical concerns, genetic diversity in humans would be another issue. Whenever a living thing is cloned, an exact replica of that organism is been made with the exact same genetic makeup. There is one significant issue that this could bring, susceptibility to environmental changes. Anytime there would be an environmental change, humans would be at risk of extinction due to them not been able to accommodate to the environmental change fast enough because they have the same genes to whatever is been changed. So, is it worth it to risk it all like this? When Dolly the sheep was born after 276 tries in 1996, many scientists were already thinking about the next level which was human cloning, a person that has the exact same DNA as someone else (Animal Research 2014). The ethical question of: is human cloning ethically right or wrong, has divided scientists, politicians and the public in half. The benefits of human cloning such as finding new treatments and cures, are indisputable. However, the bigger picture must be looked at as well. Many scientists are concerned that human cloning will start a “Brave New World”, a world where people will be made not born (Human cloning). The point where parents will decide how they want their children to look like, where they will be able to choose its height, hair color, eye color etc. Many people support human cloning due to its many benefits that it could result in. But despite of all this, there are more serious problems that it could pose such as the destruction of cloned human embryos for experimentation which violates the Declaration of Human Rights, exploitation of women and decrease in genetic diversity. There are other ethical ways to find new treatments and cures for diseases that don’t involve human cloning or sacrificing a life over another. References Animal Research. 03 November 2014. Accessed on 09 December 2018. Brenner, Laurie. Sciencing. 20 July 2018. Accessed on 8 December 2018. “Human Cloning: The Need For a Comprehensive Ban.” Accessed on 09 December 2018 at The Center of Bioethics and Human Dignity web. “Reproductive cloning Arguments Pros andCons.” Accessed on 08 December 2018 at Center for Genetics and Society (2006) web. “Why Human Cloning Must be Banned Now.” Accessed on 09 December 2018 at The Center of Bioethics and Human Dignity web. “Human Right”. Accessed on 08 December 2018 at United Nations web.

Reflective Essay On Patient Encounters Using Gibbs Cycle Nursing Essay

In this essay, I will reflect upon a experience which I had with a patient using the Gibbs cycle of reflection (Gibbs, 1998) to help to signpost my answer and help the reader to read this essay with ease. Description of the event: During my clinical placement I have encountered a number of patients, each one possessing a unique personality thereby required a slight adaptation of my professional behaviour in order to communicate most effectively with each individual. During one particular placement within my allocated hospital, I encountered a patient who was younger than the patients that I had previous met and conversed with over the previous months. The patient, aged 3 months, attended the clinic with his father regarding his physiotherapy for his Cystic Fibrosis (CF). I was asked to carry out a subjective assessment of the patient however, the setting of this encounter was rather different from the set-up which had been used in the past, and although I had seen patients who were younger in the past, this patient was different as it rapidly became apparent that he had been brought by his father who was unable to speak fluent English and was also unable to understand much English at all. In the normal situation with young patients, due to the patients young age and the presence of her father, it would be typical to direct most of the questioning towards the patients parents or guardian with whom they attended rather than at the patient himself, despite the necessary inclusion of the patient in the discussion wherever possible. I would then physically assess the patient. However, in this setting, it was very difficult to ask any questions to both the patient or to their parent and instead, most of the information about the health of the patient and their physiotherapeutic interventions which they required was gained from the examination of the patient and not from any information which they provided. Feelings: Upon reflection, I feel that although, at first the situation did both feel and appear new and challenging, my ability to communicate with the client was not helped by the fact that I was unable to think of a new way to phrase the questions, which I had. In addition, the patient’s father kept looking at the trained physiotherapist (my mentor) for reassurance and guidance with the language being used and thus, this made me also look towards my mentor for help. When my mentor took over the line of questioning, and the conduction of the assessment, his approach was to ask the patients the questions in a loud and slow voice. This appeared to aid the patient’s fathers understanding greatly. I felt, at this point however, that I had let myself and the mentor down, as I was unable to conduct the procedures which I was expecting to and I also felt that I had let the patient down, through my inability to communicate effectively with them. When examining the patient, my tutor made sure that he looked at the patients father at all times when speaking and also that he used body language to highlight the meaning of what he was saying also. This again, helped the patient’s father to understand the meaning of what was being carried out and what was being said. Visual aids were also used to ensure that the patient’s father understood. For example, when my tutor was asking whether the patient had taken his antibiotics for his CF and what physiotherapy he thought his child required. When asking such questions, he pointed to a prescription on his desk, which helped the father to understand what was being said. This clearly made the difference between the patient not understanding what was being said to gaining an appropriate understanding and being able to answer the questions properly and accordingly. Evaluation: From this experience I also learnt that in the case of younger patients, particularly babies, it is important to be able to talk to the parents, as the patient themselves would be unable to provide information. This is because when a child has a condition such as CF, it is regularly the parents who will be worried and concerned about this and additionally; it is the parents who deal with the physiotherapy and the treatments, which the child receives. Additionally, it will be the parents of the child who will manage the symptoms that their child has, and conduct the physiotherapeutic interventions on the child until they come of age where this can be continued by the child. In the case of the patient who was not fluent in speaking English, I have noted the importance of speaking both loudly, and slowly and using all the different sorts of body language possible in order to ensure that the patient’s parents were put at ease and were able to comprehend the questions, which were being asked. Analysis: My experience has taught me that in order to improve my communication skills with patients of different languages, I will need to increase my interaction with a range of patients with different native languages and those who are not fluent in speaking English. This will most likely be achieved through increased exposure to patients within my clinical placement and I will try to ensure that I increase my exposure to individuals of a variety of nationalities wherever possible within my placements. Meeting this patient and his father also highlighted the requirement to adapt not only the language used when asking questions, but also the language tone and the nature of my body language used throughout the assessment. Conclusion: In conclusion, due to the presence of both the patient (the baby) and his father, not only did this patient encounter bring with it the challenge of the language barrier, but it also brought the experience of needing to integrate multiple people into a conversation without loosing the flow of the conversation. For example, it was clear that there was a need to build a rapport with the patient themselves, despite their young age, in order to put them at ease during their physical, physiological examination. This is important for physiotherapists to establish a good patient rapport, especially with children, in order to make physical assessment easier. This was clear because when the patient first entered the room, he was looking around the room and not smiling very frequently. After being within our company for a small amount of time, and after I had smiled at the patient and looked at him to engage him when speaking to his father it was clear that he felt much more relaxed and comfortable as he began to smile and look at us when we were talking. He was less interested in his surroundings and appeared to be much more at ease. Action plan: The experience also showed that I must work on my communication skills and my coping strategies in different clinical situations. Thus, in the future, I aim to increase my level of exposure to patients of all ages by attending a variety of physiotherapy clinics and talking to patients. This should help in the development of such skills and make experiences such as this, much easier to manage effectively.