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The Crucible and the Scarlet Letter ccusa autobiographical essay help Math

The Crucible and The Scarlet Letter share many themes that are still present in today’s society, such as the use of public humiliation as a punishment. Because of their sins, both John Proctor and Hester Prynn were alienated and punished by their peers and town leaders. The public humiliation that they faced helped shape the characters in the eyes of the reader and effected the way that they behaved and acted. In The Crucible John Proctor and the other towns people were punished by means of public humiliation because of their apparent use of witch craft.

When they were accused each person was placed on a mobil cart, like cattle, and were transported to the local court where they were tried for their crime. Each trial was public, and towns members went to these trials to ridicule and give condescending comments while the judges were deciding. No jury was present and the only way each defendant could escape hanging was to confess, even if they were not guilty. The accused who refused to confess were publicly hung for all to see, as if to give warning to all other citizens to pray and stay pure because if they did not they would be hung also. t even went as far as publicly displaying names. People would do anything to try and save themselves, even if it meant humiliating and accusing their friends. When John Proctor signed his name on a certificate proving his confession, it was said that it would be hung over the church door to show to, and warn others. This idea of loosing his name, and the shame that would come with the public humiliation was too much for John, so he rebuked his confession. The fear of witches and public humiliation was the death of John Proctor and many others in the Puritan society.

In The Scarlet Letter Hester Prynn was accused and found guilty of adultery after the birth of her child, while her husband was away. Because of this she was condemned to wear a scarlet and gold letter on her chest. Due to this letter, everyone, even people that she didn’t know looked down upon her because of her sin. Everyone has sinned in one way or another, but Hester was cursed to display it and was humiliated daily. She could have gotten off with a different sentence, but because the court wanted her to “pay” for what she had done, they took on the role of God himself, and attempted to unish her on Earth by having to carry that burden with her everywhere she went as a constant reminder. Hester stood on the scaffolding by herself and in front of the whole town for all to see. She was ridiculed and beaten down with words, as the humiliation continued. By being publicly humiliated Hester at first became depressed because she felt alone in the world with only her daughter to comfort her, who was still another reminder of what she had done.

Eventually Hester came to terms with the letter that she bore, but the public humiliation that she went through scarred her and was the cause of many unnecessary hardships that occurred throughout her life. Public humiliation was not uncommon in the past, but it has decreased greatly in recent years, as the outcomes of ethics trials and laws against capital punishment were instated. Although the laws have changed, some people haven’t. In New Jersey a boy named Tyler Clementi committed suicide as a result of public humiliation.

Students of the Rutgers campus posted videos of him online of him kissing another man. Clementi was ridiculed and tormented because of his homosexuality and the release of that video. The same students responsible for it also tried to capture and post other videos. Every where he went on and even off campus Clementi was humiliated by people who had seen the video. People enjoyed humiliating him, and other loved watching him be abused. As a direct affect of public humiliation, Tyler Clementi killed himself. Public humiliation is a theme that is present in many different novels and even in present day.

This humiliation changed the characters in The Crucible and Hester Prynn in The Scarlet Letter in several ways. The towns people and John proctor had to endure unfair trials and social alienation, while Hester had to live with her sin every single day of her life wile displaying it for the world to see. Although they did not take such extreme measures on themselves

Civil Litigation Law

Civil Litigation Law.


5.2 Part 1
Part 1 relates to a simple debt claim that is not defended. 
You are required to progress the claim through the pre-action procedures, issuing the claim, obtaining judgement, and enforcing the judgement.
You are not required to discuss any communications with your client (Clive).

You are employed as a legal executive at Addison Solicitors, 3 High Street, London, WC1 5XX.
Clive Clements has instructed you to act for him with regards to the following contractual dispute Clive Clements entered into a tenancy agreement with David Davies (dated 14 January 2017) whereby Clive (the tenant) rented a residential property [5 Giraffe House, London, WC1 9BY] from David (the landlord) on a 6-month tenancy agreement to start 1 February 2017 and end on 31 July 2017. The property was rented unfurnished. Clive paid a £4,000 deposit in accordance with Clause 13 of the tenancy agreement. David should have put the deposit in one of the government-backed Tenancy Protection Schemes. However, David failed to do this and has kept the deposit in his own bank account. Clive has provided you with a copy of the tenancy agreement.

Clause 14 of the tenancy agreement provides that:

• Within 28 days of the end of the tenancy, the Landlord [i.e. David] will return the deposit to the tenant [i.e. Clive], subject to any deductions made under Clause 15.
• The landlord will notify the tenant in writing, within 14 days of end of the tenancy, of any deduction made from the deposit under Clause 15. Clause 15 of the tenancy agreement states that the landlord (i.e. 

David) may deduct monies from the deposit to compensate the landlord for losses caused by any or all of the following reasons:

• Any damage to the property or the fixtures and fittings resulting from any breach of the terms of the tenancy agreement.
• Any instalment of the rent which is due but remains unpaid at the end of the tenancy agreement.
• Any other breach by the tenant of the tenancy agreement.

Clive vacated the property when the tenancy agreement came to an end on 31 July 2017. David has refused to return the £4,000 deposit to Clive. David has not issued Clive with a notification in writing of any deduction that he intends to make from the deposit. Clive has instructed you to recover the £4,000 deposit. David lives in London.

Questions
1. Explain the legal components (liability, causation, quantum) of this case? [5% towards the overall grade for the assignment]
2. If the case proceeds to a hearing (because David defends the claim and/or makes a counterclaim) you need to ensure you have all the necessary evidence available. You have already been provided with the tenancy agreement. What other evidence might be required to assert Clive’s claim. [5% towards the overall grade for the assignment]
3. Set out all the pre-action procedural steps that you will undertake on Clive’s behalf prior to the issuing of proceedings. [5% towards the overall grade for the assignment]
4. Draft a letter of claim to David. [10% towards the overall grade for the assignment]
5. Explain in which court you would issue the claim, to which track the court would allocate the case if David defended the claim, and the costs that could be awarded to Clive if he was successful. [10% towards the overall grade for the assignment
6. David fails to respond to the letter before action. Explain the procedure for making the claim and draft the particulars of claim. [10% towards the overall grade for the assignment]
7. David (i) admits to the claim; or (ii) fails to respond to the claim. Explain what steps you will take to obtain judgement. [10% towards the overall grade for the assignment]
8. If David fails to make payment, how could you enforce the judgement? [5% towards the overall grade for the assignment]

Part 2
5.3 Part 2
Part 2 relates to a personal injury claim.
You are provided with some basic information about your client’s (Charles’s) claim. You will be required to interview your client to gather more information to enable you to progress the case.
Note: Item of Assessment 2 is a two-hour examination. The Case Study used in Part 2 of this Item of Assessment will also be used in your examination. You will therefore be in a stronger position to
successfully complete the examination if you complete Part 2 of this Item of Assessment to a high standard.

You are employed as a legal executive at Addison Solicitors, 3 High Street, London, WC1 5XX.
Charles Crown has instructed you to act for him with regards to the following personal injury claim:
On 1 September 2016, Charles Crown was walking (on the pavement) along Market Street, London WC2 3MM. A car, driven by Daniel Durkin, mounted the pavement and collided with Charles. Charles was knocked unconscious and taken to hospital. He suffered lacerations to his hands and a fractured pelvis. He suffered no other injuries. Charles was kept in hospital for two weeks and discharged on 15 September 2016. He was off work for 16 weeks (80 working days) and has since made a full recovery. The police have provided Charles with details of Daniel’s insurance company, but Charles has not provided you with these details. The police also confirmed that Daniel was prosecuted for careless driving. He pleaded guilty to the charge on 18 August 2017 and was fined £280 and had his licence endorsed with 4 penalty points.
Addison Solicitors consider that (based on the hospital discharge summary (see Appendix 1)), subject to liability, general damages for Charles’s pain and suffering and loss of amenity (PSLA) would be in the region of £14,000 to £18,000. Although you have not received confirmation to date, you can assume that Charles’s special damages will not exceed £500. 

Questions
1. Explain the legal components (liability, causation, quantum) of this case? [2.5% towards the overall grade for the assignment]
2. Explain how Charles’s legal costs of the case could be covered, assuming the case progresses to a full hearing. [10% towards the overall grade for the assignment]
3. State how the rules of professional conduct will apply to client care, in these early stages of handling Charles’s claim. [2.5% towards the overall grade for the assignment]
4. In practice you will normally interview Charles to ensure you are provided with sufficient information to progress the case to enable you to complete a Claim Notification Form (CNF (Form RTA1)) or write a Letter of Claim. State which Pre-Action Protocol you will follow. On the basis of this Protocol, state what information you will seek from Charles at the interview to ensure you have sufficient information to progress the case. You do not need to consider how Charles will cover his legal costs. [10% towards the overall grade for the assignment]
5. Based upon the information you have been provided (within the file note of the interview with 
Charles see Appendix 4) draft the CNF (RTA1). Note: Charles has agreed to cover his legal costs through a Conditional Fee Arrangement (CFA) with 50% success fee, backed up with After The Event Insurance to cover Daniel’s legal costs. [15% towards the overall grade for the assignment.

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