Get help from the best in academic writing.

The Concept of “The Song of Solomon” in Religious Fields Essay

The Jewish rabbi Akiba, who lived in the first century C.E., expressed his appreciation of the Song of Solomon in the Jewish Mishna with the following words: “The whole world was not worthy of the day in which this sublime Song was given to Israel.” (“All Scripture is Inspired of God and Beneficial,” 1990, p. 115) The book Insight on the Scriptures, Volume 2, described the Song of Solomon to have been written by King Solomon at about 1020 B.C.E. in Jerusalem and several years after the temple has been completed. The poem was composed when Solomon had 60 queens and 80 concubines. (1988, p 994) Although the Jewish Church accepted the book as part of the Biblical Canon, a handful of critics tried to question its canonicity and dismissed it as merely an ordinary love song. (Speckard, n.d., p. 2) Two main points were raised against the canonicity of the Song of Solomon: 1) it was not cited in other parts of the Bible, and 2) there was no mention of God throughout the text. (“All Scripture is Inspired of God and Beneficial”, 1990, p. 115) This paper will seek to review different secular and religious texts as to the canonicity of the book of the Song of Solomon and thus offer a conclusion. Highlights of the Song of Solomon The song was written by Solomon for a Shulammite girl who rejected his expressions of love because of her loyalty and love for a shepherd boy (“Insight on the Scriptures, 1988, p. 994). The first part, Song of Solomon 1:1-3:5, contains Solomon’s praises for the Shulammite girl who he described with the following words: “Look! You are beautiful, O girl companion of mine. Look! You are beautiful. Your eyes are [those of] doves.” It also described the girl appealing to her friends not to arouse her interest in Solomon for she would like to stay loyal to her shepherd boy. Get your 100% original paper on any topic done in as little as 3 hours Learn More The second part, Song of Solomon 3:6-8:4, contains a vivid description of the Shulammite girl’s dream about her lover; Solomon’s expressions of endearment for the girl; and the Shulammite girl’s resistance to Solomon’s speech. The third part, Song of Solomon 8:5-14, contains a description of the Shulammite as a “wall” that has withstood the temptation to succumb to a king’s expressions of love for the love of a shepherd boy. Hebrew Scriptures – Test of Biblical Canonicity The word “canon” is taken from the Hebrew word qa·neh´ which means something that serve as a rule or measuring device. (“Revelation and Scripture,” 1990, p. 1) Insight on the Scriptures (1988) mentioned that the apostle Paul applied ka·non´ to the “territory” measured out as his assignment, and again to the “rule of conduct” by which Christians were to measure how they acted. The “Bible canon” came to denote the catalog of inspired books worthy of being used as a straightedge in measuring faith, doctrine, and conduct. J. Hampton Keathley (2007), in his article The Bible: The Holy Canon of Scripture, offers the following tests of canonicity: Did the book indicate God was speaking through the writer and that it was considered authoritative?; Was the human author recognized as a spokesman of God, that is, was he a prophet or did he have the prophetic gift?; and Was the book historically accurate? Did it reflect a record of facts? “ Another set of criteria for determining a book’s canonicity was described by Norman Geisler (1974) in his book From God to Us: How we got our Bible. “He mentioned five criteria: Authority – Does the book claim to be of God?; Prophetic – Is the book written by a servant of God?; Authentic – Does the book tell the truth?: Dynamic – Does the book have the life-transforming power of God?; and Reception – Is the book received or accepted by the people of God for whom it was originally written as being from God?” This paper will thus examine the book in the light of the criteria mentioned above and the basis of the two points raised by its critics – it’s not being quoted by other Bible writers and the absence of the word “God” throughout the text. The canonicity of the Song of Solomon The Song of Solomon was mainly unchallenged and early Bible scholars accept it as part of the Hebrew canon. The ancient Jewish church never doubted the authenticity and canonicity of the book. “It was even included in the Greek Septuagint, the first actual written translation of the Hebrew Scriptures. The Greek-speaking Jews used it extensively up until the time of Jesus and his apostles” (“All Scripture is Inspired of God and Beneficial,” 1990, p. 115). We will write a custom Essay on The Concept of “The Song of Solomon” in Religious Fields specifically for you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Some, however, have questioned the book’s canonicity on the ground that there is no reference to God in it. The absence of any mention of God would not disqualify the book any more than the mere presence of the word “God” would make it canonical. The divine name does appear in its abbreviated form in chapter 8, verse 6, where love is said to be “the flame of Jah.” The name “Jah” is the shortened form of the Tetragrammaton (YHWH) name for God. Thus, it is not true that there is no mention of God in the book. H. Speckard (n.d., pp. 2-5), in his essay Summary Interpretation of the Song of Solomon, made a detailed analysis of the claim of critics that the Song of Solomon has never been cited by the other writers of the Bible. He mentioned several texts in both the Old Testament and the New Testament which quoted directly or indirectly from the Song of Solomon. Speckard mentioned the similarity in the description of the vineyard in Matthew chapter 21, verse 33, and Song of Solomon chapter 8 verse 11. The praise uttered by Solomon in chapter 1 verse 15 is parallel to what is written in Psalm chapter 45 verse 11. The assumption, therefore, of critics that the book was never quoted by other Bible writers, is not well-founded. But does the Song of Solomon meet the criteria set by Bible scholars to be able to be considered as “inspired” or part of the “canon”? “Let us examine the five criteria set by Geisler in his book From God to Us: How we got our Bible” (1974, pp. 67-68). Authority and Prophetic – The writer of the book, King Solomon, has written several other passages in the Bible which have been quoted by other Bible writers. He wrote two other books, Ecclesiastes and some parts of the Proverbs. Jesus described himself as “more than Solomon” in Matthew 12:42: “The queen of the south will be raised up in the judgment with this generation and will condemn it; because she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Sol´o·mon, but, look! something more than Sol´o·mon is here.” His wisdom has divine backing as described in 1 Kings 4:29-31: “And God continued giving Sol´o·mon wisdom and understanding in very great measure and a broadness of heart, like the sand that is upon the seashore. And Sol´o·mon’s wisdom was vaster than the wisdom of all the Orientals and than all the wisdom of Egypt. And he was wiser than any other man, than E´than the Ez´ra·hite and He´man and Cal´col and Dar´da the sons of Ma´hol; and his fame came to be in all the nations all around.” Authentic – The authenticity of the Song of Solomon can be proven by its historical, geographic, and geological accuracy. David Mallick, in his Introduction to the Song of Songs, mentioned “the author’s correspondence with natural history corresponds to the report about him.” His description of geographic areas during his reign was proven accurate by secular historical accounts. Dynamic – Religious and non-religious people alike find inspiration from the kind of love expressed in the Song of Solomon. For those who believe in the allegory presented in the book, it is a heart-warming assurance of God’s love for his people as well as Christ’s love for the Christian congregation. On the other hand, for those who explain the book as an account of a literal love story, it is an example of an undying and loyal love that may inspire a couple to remain faithful to each other. Reception – The Jewish church has never doubted the right of the Song of Solomon to be part of the Bible. Christians in the first century C.E., likewise, accepted the book as part of the “scriptures” mentioned by the apostle Paul in Romans chapter 15 verse 4: “For all the things that were written aforetime were written for our instruction, that through our endurance and through the comfort from the Scriptures we might have hope.” Not sure if you can write a paper on The Concept of “The Song of Solomon” in Religious Fields by yourself? We can help you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Allegorical Meaning – Song of Solomon’s harmony with the rest of the Bible The Jews gave a symbolic meaning to the book. The article “The Loved Woman of the Superlative Song” from the journal The Watchtower explained the symbolism: “They understood the girl to picture the Jewish church from the days of the prophet Moses onward. The object of that church’s affection was God, who was accordingly pictured by her shepherd lover” (December 1957, p. 722). Rob Harbison (n.d., p. 4), in his article Song of Solomon, mentioned several verses in the Old Testament that support this allegory. In Isaiah chapter 54 verses 5-6, God was described as a “husbandly owner” and Israel as “a wife of the time of youth who was then rejected.” Jeremiah chapter 3 verse 1, God’s holy nation is considered to be in relationship to him as a wife, and unfaithfulness to him is “prostitution” (“Insight on the Scriptures”, 1988, p. 34). Ezekiel chapter 16 verses 8-14 is parallel to what is described in Song of Solomon chapter 5 verses 2-6 which made mention of “nakedness” and “prettiness” (Awake, 1982, p. 23). In Christianity, the symbolism is the love between Jesus and the congregation. Volume 2, page 995 of the Insight on the Scriptures, mentioned the Bible verses from the New Testament to show this allegory. Ephesians chapter 5 verses 25-32 describes Paul’s counsel to husbands to love their wives just as “the Christ also loved the congregation and delivered up himself for it, that he might sanctify it, cleansing it with the bath of water by means of the word, that he might present the congregation to himself in its splendour… This sacred secret is great. Now I am speaking with respect to Christ and the congregation.” Christ’s “marriage” to the congregation was described in 2 Corinthians chapter 11 verse 2. The congregation was described as a “chaste virgin to the Christ.” This “marriage” was also described in Revelation chapter 19 verses 6-9. Jesus was mentioned as the “Lamb” and the congregation as his “wife.” Conclusions From the foregoing, it can be seen that the book of Song of Solomon can not be dismissed as merely a love song based on an analysis of several secular and religious accounts. First, the book has never been questioned by the ancient Jewish church. The book was recognized as part of the Hebrew Scriptures which were used until the first century C.E. by Jesus and his apostles. It was believed to be an allegory of God’s relationship with Israel and Christ’s relationship with the Christian congregation. This belief is based on other passages in the Bible which describe the relationship of God and Israel, of Christ and the Christian congregation as that of a husband and wife. Second, the book meets the criteria set by Bible scholars as to the canonicity of a “holy writing”. It was proven to be of divine origin since its writer was described in other passages in the Bible as having wisdom from God. In the book of 1 King, Solomon was described as being given “wisdom and understanding in very great measure and a broadness of heart, like the sand that is upon the seashore.” It’s historical, geographic, and geological references are accurate proving its authenticity. Its effect on the lives of people then and now can never be questioned proving its dynamic character. Third, the two main issues raised by critics against the canonicity of the book—the absence of the word God in the book and it is not being cited by other Bible writers—have no basis at all. Chapter 8 verse 6 of the Song of Solomon, says, “Place me as a seal upon your heart, as a seal upon your arm; because love is as strong as death is, insistence on exclusive devotion is as unyielding as She´ol is. Its blazings are the blazings of a fire, the flame of Jah”. The name “Jah” is the shortened form of the Tetragrammaton name (YHWH) for God. Thus, it is not true that there is no mention of God throughout the whole book. Also, there are several passages both in the Old Testament and the New Testament which are parallel to what can be found in the Song of Solomon. Some examples are Matt. 21:33 with Song of Solomon 8:11; Luke 12:35–37 with 5:3; John 7:33, 34 and 8:21 with 5:6; John 3:29 with 5:1; Matt. 26:6, Mark 14:3, and John 12:3 with 1:3, 12; Eph. 5:27 with 4:7; Rev. 3:20 with 5:2; Eph. 5:32 with the whole Song. In the Old Testament, compare Ps. 45; Ezek. 16; Isa. 35:1–3; Isa. 54; Jer. 31:3; Lam. 2:13; Hos. 2:19, 20 and 11:8 with Song of Solomon 6:4.(Speckard, p. 2). These parallel texts in the Bible show that the book was cited by other Biblical writers and that they recognize its authenticity and canonicity. The article Song of Solomon: Symbolic Love Language for the Bride in Waiting gave this conclusion: “this is truth that the Song of Solomon is not just describing an earthly lover’s fiery obsession—that quickly fades with the highs and lows of human emotion—but love, it is God.” (International House of Prayer, 2007, p. 1) Several other books in the Bible have been criticized much like the Song of Solomon. An objective and thorough analysis of internal and external evidence of their authenticity and canonicity prove most of these criticisms wrong. The Bible, which has existed for thousands of years, will continue to inspire religious and non-religious people alike. Bibliography Bible Book Number 22 – Song of Solomon. (1990). All Scripture Is Inspired of God and Beneficial. Pennsylvania: Watchtower Bible and Tract Society. 115-117. Geisler, NL. (1974). From God to Us: How we got our Bible. Chicago: Moody. 67-71. Harbison R. Song of Solomon. Keathley, JH. (2007). The Bible – The Holy Canon of Scripture. Web. Mallick, D. An Introduction to the Song of Songs. Web. Revelation and Scripture. (2000). Prairie Bible College. Song of Solomon: Symbolic Love Language for the Bride in Waiting. (2007). Speckard, H. Summary Interpretation of the Song of Solomon. “To the Clean…” (1982). Awake! Page 23. “The Loved Woman of the Superlative Song.” (1957). The Watchtower. Page 721. “The Song of Solomon.” (1988). Insight on the Scriptures, Volume 2. (1988). Pennsylvania: Watchtower Bible and Tract Society. 994-6.
Grand Canyon University ?Social Media and Internet Safety Annotated Bibliography.

Annotated Bibliography Communication Campaign Project Title: Social Media and Internet Safety Find 10 scholarly articles related to your campaign subject from Part 1 of your Communication Campaign Project. You want your sources to be current and provide an overview of the issue. In 50-100 words, annotate each source using APA format. All sources should be scholarly (GCU library, Google Scholar, Boolean, LexisNexis). No websites, blogs, Wikipedia, etc.Please make sure you follow instructions very closely. The annotated bibliography must be in the proper format – please make sure you refer to the resource “Preparing Annotated Bibliographies” located in the Student Success Center (pull-down menu). Prepare this assignment according to the APA guidelines found in the APA Style Guide, located in the Student Success Center. An abstract is not required. You are required to submit this assignment to LopesWrite. Refer to the LopesWrite Technical Support articles for assistance.
Grand Canyon University ?Social Media and Internet Safety Annotated Bibliography

San Diego State University Communication Skills & Adaptability Questions.

Answer the questions on a personal level and don’t make the answers too long. Please make sure to be very detailed for your answers.1) Our core values are inclusion, excellence, innovation, adaptability, and encouragement. Which one resonates the most with you and why?2) How do you organize your day and set priorities? 3) What are the top three qualities everyone who works in customer service must have to succeed?4) Have you ever worked remotely? What tools do you use (or would you use) to manage and complete work remotely?5) Share your knowledge and proficiency with Microsoft Office programs, specifically Outlook, Sharepoint, Word, and Excel.6) Describe a time when you realized you needed additional skills or knowledge to be successful. What was your approach to gaining these skills?7) At times your workload may feel unmanageable. Describe a time when you recognized that you were unable to meet multiple deadlines. What did you do about it?8) What do you do to refresh yourself after a tough day at work?9) What does inclusion mean to you?
San Diego State University Communication Skills & Adaptability Questions

GCCCD Health Differences Between Homeostasis and Diseases Essay

GCCCD Health Differences Between Homeostasis and Diseases Essay.

Assignment Guidelines:This assignment must be in APA format. The assignment must be in paragraph form using complete sentences and avoiding bullet points and numbered list.Use a Level 1 heading to separate your sections (Page 47 of the APA Publication Manual).Title and reference pages do not count toward the total word or page count. At least two outside sources must be referenced and cited in the paper.Essays: (at least 300 words per prompt)1. Explain the difference between homeostasis and disease? What is the difference between a chronic disease and an acute diseases? Can all diseases be cured (explain and give example)? Amy’s blood glucose remains elevated and rarely returns to normal. Why is this departure from homeostasis an important observation?2. Why is AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) considered a syndrome and not a disease? How is HIV transmitted and how can transmission be reduced or prevented? Why is HIV’s attack on helper T cells so devastating to the entire immune system? Clark’s doctor explains that even though Clark has HIV/AIDS, he will not die from AIDS. Explain.3. What causes the signs and symptoms of inflammation? List and discuss the six agents capable of stimulating an inflammatory response. Elle takes anti-inflammatory drugs and analgesics to ease the pain and discomfort of rheumatoid arthritis. She knows these drugs will not cure the disease, yet her doctor prescribed them. Explain why.4. What are the five classes of immunoglobulins and their function? Why does the body make five different classes of immunoglobulins? Immunologically speaking, is it likely a patient will catch a cold caused by the same virus twice? Please explain your answer.
GCCCD Health Differences Between Homeostasis and Diseases Essay

Top 10 Man-Made Disasters

write my term paper Top 10 Man-Made Disasters.

Discussion 2 Top 10 Man-Made Disasters As you view the following video, think about the scope of the disasters – they are far beyond the individual just littering. Therefore, as you review the images and stories contained in the video, think about the reading and the laws that are discussed, and how they may impact the company, environment, and business practices in general. Top 10 Man-Made Disasters (6:31) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=cPiINrpQEgI You are a business owner who is environmentally aware, and thus you use the local river to help generate some electricity for your small business. You are doing well using this method of energy generation, but you begin to notice that over time the river seems to be flowing more slowly, and that is causing you to have sporadic losses of power. Upon inspection, you notice the river does seem a bit slower, seem to have more debris in it, and now has a funny smell. What are some legal concepts you will need to know to understand your rights? You want to do something, but are not sure what. Then, you remember your business law textbook. What are some of the legal issues and concepts you will need to know to mount a legal fight? Be sure to support your response.
Top 10 Man-Made Disasters

Ashford Student Satisfaction Online Delivery Method of Graduate Classes Paper

Ashford Student Satisfaction Online Delivery Method of Graduate Classes Paper.

The paper is almost 95% finished which I will attach below.
There are some changes that need to be made of the project. The first thing is
to insert the Executive Summary (I will attach how to do the executive summary
below) to the paper at the beginning where it is needed. The other changes are
highlighted in Red on the paper. Proofread and double check directions and
rubric to ensure that the work is done to the best as possible.Directions: Project
Paper should be 15-20 pages. The paper needs to be in APA format with a clear
Introduction, including the topic description, problem statement and hypotheses
as well as Literature Review, Methodology, Findings, and Conclusion sections.
Much of the paper should be the analysis of the results of the survey and
concluding remarks including Descriptive, Crosstab analysis and Correlation
from the survey data. Also, since it is a small-scale study you cannot use SPSS
for some functions. Consider using Linear Regression in analysis of full-scale
data and feasibility of Non-Parametric analysis and possible challenges.
Include tables from the SPSS reports, your interpretation of results, short
conclusions, and recommendations.Please
look at the page 147 of the textbook and pay special attention to executive summary
and make sure you include it at the beginning of the project.
Ashford Student Satisfaction Online Delivery Method of Graduate Classes Paper

Environmental Degradation Pollution

The global South has unquestionably been one of the regions that have experienced greater impact of environmental degradation. The former economic success in this area has resulted to environmental problem industrial waste pollution. As these countries get more involved in multilateral environmental agreement and voluntary agreement, the protection of the environment in the region has effectively become globalize in nature and has affected business and international trade. The introduction of the environmental management system standard is one of the prerequisite for business to enter into western market. This has been a greater challenge to this region due to their insufficient capital and the stern conditions attach to business. This paper looks at the impact of environmental degradation on global South in terms of how environment degradation affects human security, clean water, human health, social relation, and the freedom of choice and action. This research paper also provides recommendation that be adapted by the both developing and developed countries in controlling the adverse effects of the environment degradation. Introduction Since 1980s, the environmental matter as trade barriers between the North and the South countries has feature prominently in the world international forums Developing countries that struggles to improve their economies and attract more investors to enhance their economies is term as pollution haven. The word pollution haven as proposed by Zarsky (1997, 1999) is a claimed that the South have reduced and relaxed their environmental regulation to attract foreign investors. The southern countries which are endowed with lots of natural resources has long been staying under poverty and the only way to be out of this situation is opening up their economies and speed up industrialization development through the foreign investors. On the other hand, the North countries business feared that if the developing countries lower cost of operation through labour intensive and resources then they stand a chance to lose value or capture the market. The developed countries argued that they have more severe and effective regulations on environmental (Duchin et al., 1995, Xu, 2000) compare to the developing countres, but the World Trade Organization has protected the exported products from developing countries. The North claims that this is unfair business and they requested global environmental standard to form level playing field (Chudnovsky and Lopez 1999; Xu 2000). This claim however was seen as another form of trade barriers by the developing countres. The environmental problems such as climate change and ozone layer depletion is global issue rather than situated in a particular place. We see integration of the consequences of market and the failure of government in the change of global environmental. There is a lot divergence tendency due to disparate impacts across the locations in a manner of governance response. This disparate come from a greater vulnerability of developing countries and at the same time from the circumstantial factors. Even if the environmental impacts were equally distributed between the North and South countries, the developing countries could still suffer most in the virtue of the fact that they come from a lower economical base. The impacts of the environmental degradation the (IPCC (2001) observed are expected to be greater in south countries in terms of loss of life and relative effects on the investment and the economy in general. These disparate impacts are exacerbated by the disparities in the nature of the remedial actions. The willingness of the developed countries to the environmental improvement and for the goods and services whose production has resulted to environmental degradation, generally exceed that of the developing countries in terms of their ability to pay. Thus in the shadow of markets, the gain-cost analysis, that is, the benefits of producing the carbondioxide by driving automobiles in the North highways may outweigh the cost of drought in the South countries. This wealth-based theory is contrast to the call for equal entitlement to clean and safe environment (Boyce, 2002). In the real sense, efficiency is not the only criterion to social decisions that include the decisions to invest in the mitigation and adaptation to the global environmental degradation. The influence of politics also promotes actions on some importance matters and inaction on others. For example, the 1997 Montreal protocol on ozone depletion proposed a worldwide phase out of the use of chlofluorocarborns was rejected by America and Canada on the ground that the scientific evidence are uncertain and the treaty would impose heavy spending on the US economy. As the rate of the carbondioxide emitted to the environment continues to rise, the focus of the international has shifted from prevention to adaptation. This change increases probability of outcomes that varies across countries, showing differences in their ability to cater for measures required to adapt to climate degradation. The main issue in the international climate talks is the right of allocating the properties to the carbon absorptive capacity of the atmosphere. These relay both barrier and an opportunity to some countries. For instance the principles allocation stemmed from the historical emission levels which in the real sense been greatly contributed by the industrialized countries in the world in the North. This principle is not acceptable by the less developed countries that per capita emission is very little. Environmental degradation and Human Security The environmental degradation arise in the 29th century as the main issue of political controversy, its influence on the developing countries national security policy is however more recent. Environment degradation has been the focus in the developed countries especially United State but the idea of national security entered the public discourse reentry. The early research of the impact of environment degradation on human security is general and subjective in nature, it reveal the imaginable association between environmental change and the national or human security. However, the direction of association and the degree of linkage remains an issue of debate. There is also clear recommendation on how to translate this linkage into policy guidance on the environmental degradation. The environmental degradation is linked to their overall influence of the survival of human, well-being and productivity. Human being and social linkages has become the focus that is to be secured from the environment threat. The change in the environment can impose direct and immediate impact to the life humankind. For instance, the scarcity of water may not lead to conflict but still engender threats by causing the dehydration related disorders, reduction of the production of food, and disheartening the livelihood opportunities. The environmental degradation causes threat to human survival, well-being and dignity. The environmental degradation posses a variety of impacts that ranges from economic productivity to political wavering among others. The environmental degradation can also affects a diversity of issues ranging from families, communities, social organizations, various identity group, diasporas, government and biological species of various kinds. While some of the environmental threats are localized, others are extensive ands trans-scale in nature. Research shows that conflict can be driven by natural resource degradation and scarcity and by competing to be in charge of places where there are abundant resources. Some of the countries of concern are Afghanistan, Iraq, the great lake regions, Somalia among others. The connections between the environmental degradation and human security are vast and complex. The ecological impact of mass movement of refugees or warfare is an example mostly experienced in the developing countries. However, the environmental issues can be a major concerns for dialogue, non-military mechanisms for communication, and greater unified understanding. The research on the human security has mainly focus on the Southern world (poor countries) as the main victim and the scoundrel of the environmental threats. However, the attitudes of consumption of the North countries is main contributor to many human insecurity on the scarce and plenty resources in the Southern countries. The conflict over diamonds in Sierra Leone in 1990s, for example, was extensive because the markets for diamond in the developed countries were unaware to the origin of those diamonds. It is clear that the start of violent conflict has no hearty connection with the environmental threat. The environmental factors are rarely the single contributors of conflict, but ethnicity, ideology, and power politics are all directly linked. However, environmental degradation increases the magnitude and the period of conflict, that is, the attempts to develop strong empirical forecasts of conflict on the ground on the environmental threats have had a poor response of success because of the connection of social, economic and political factors that are involved. Environmental degradation and clean water Although most of the developing countries do not have enough industries to create considerable water pollution, smog and heavy concentrations of airborne particles are common incident in major cities of the less developed countries. There are few industries in the less developed countries as compared to the more developed countries and hence due to the small number of industries in the developing countries, they less often contribute to severe water problems. The more severe problems of water is cause by the trans-boundary pollution since the neighboring countries especially the developed countries, produces airborne pollution due to excess emission from their extensive industries. The northern and northwestern parts in Afghanistan for example received large amount of pollutants that come from the Aral sedimentary basin. Extensive industrializations in the developed countries here as we see pose detrimental impact to the less developed countries. It has been documented that the pesticides originating from the developed countries finds their way to the neighboring developing countries through the air current or rainfall. The chemical weapons that were used for example during the war between the Afghanistan and the Soviets had caused a serious damage to the environment and the fragile ecosystem in general in the neighboring developing countries. The use of these chemicals weapons has polluted the soil in most of the area of the countries where this war occurred. It is worth noting that billions of people worldwide, the vast prevalence of who live in developing countries lack access to clean drinking water. Lack of providence to quality water has caused lots of forecaster of infant and child survival in various developing countries. Many incidences of parasitic and contagious disorders are carried in the organic water pollution, which are the by-products of the animals waste. The effects of pollution whether known or not are caused by usage of the pesticides. The organic pollutants used in the industry and in agricultural farms find there way into the human and the animals fatty tissue where they caused severe parasite related disorders in human and animals respectively. Export dependency has a negative influence on the quality of the domestic environment of the developing countries that include the quality of the drinking water in those countries. Thus, the association between the universal dependence and the water quality is interceded by several factors. The quality of water and health is very crucial and they are connected with other factors that are a function of international processes. Hebert, 1994 observed that virtually every physical quality of life including clean water mostly improved by the level of economic development of a country. The development of a country depends on its position in the world system. An important concept is how it organized its economy. The more lateral to the world economy the more likely the country is to depend on an agrarian economy. Environmental change can have a detrimental impact on people’s lives ands the changes may even transcend into the future to affects the lives of the cohort to come. Water as a resource here provides a good example of these various impacts and their multifaceted interaction. The research revealed that over 2 billions people resides in water stressed basins and are cross-country, multi- -subjects effects and multiple impacts. Environmental degradation and social relation The distribution of power related variables, like income, education, race and ethnicity are related to the environmental stresses. The societies, which comprise of people, illiterate people or come from the marginalized racial and social groups, will tend to have greater environmental threats than their friends whose residents are literate, wealthy, or belong to historical prevailing racial and ethnical groups. A research on this issue found that the inverse linked between the average incomes and the toxic harmful may occur from the market dynamics where the poor people are drawn to this location because of the properties of low values. A community with greater power dipatities has more environmental degradation. The disparity of power affects the strength and the duration of pollution and depletion of resources. This study were focused by the research suggesting that the environmental degradation related with income and that the developed countries have reached to an extend beyond which more income gains are linked with the improvement of the environments. The only way to attained conducive environment in most countries is by becoming rich (Beckerman, 1992). Torras and boyce (1998) investigate the impacts of social relation on the environmental quality. They analyzed the vitiations in air pollution in various countries, water pollution, and the percentage of the pollution in relation to access to clean water and sanitations facilities. Apart from the per capita income and the ration of income distribution, their research included adult literacy and political rights and the civil liberties concerning the distribution of power. In less developed countries, the coefficient on the rights and literacy variables revealed the expected signs in all system. The results found that higher literacy and the greater rights were linked conducive environmental quality. By controlling other variables, the calculate effects of income inequality were found to be incompatible. It was suggested that either rights or literacy incarcerate the most aspect of power disparities or the quality of the income distribution data is poor. The weaker results was however, found on the developed countries, indicating that literacy and rights are most significant especially when there are low average income. Other research has also shown that the political right can be vital factor to determine the outcomes of the environment. Scruggs (1998) observe greater rights of having a significant favorable effects on sulphure dioxide concentrations, weaker effects on particulates and adverse effects on the dissolve oxygen concentration. Further study concerning the impact of power disparities on the environmental quality which come from case study of the fifty United States by Boyce et al. (1999) shows that state with more equal distribution of power had well-built environmental policies which result to conducive environment. Rapid environment degradation has exerted lot of pressure on the economic sustainability of the less developed countries. This has resulted to the failure of these countries achieving their sustainable development as targeted. In Pakistan, for example about sixteen percent of the land mass is subject to salinisation from excessive water with the same problems as this occurring in most parts of Asia and African countries. Mismanagement of irrigation alone in Pakistan cost over $200 millions in a year in reduced yields. In India, pumping of groundwater has enabled intensification of agricultural products; however, there is a big dropped of water tables from approximately 10 metres to about 15 metres below the earth surface in the year 1970 to between 400 and 450 metres by 1990. Many areas in developing countries have wells and boreholes that have been left and the entire communities moved to other better areas (Roy